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Drought Early Warning And Forecasting

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Drought Early Warning and Forecasting

Drought Early Warning and Forecasting Book
Author : Chris Funk,Shraddhanand Shukla
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-06-03
ISBN : 0128140127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drought risk management involves three pillars: drought early warning, drought vulnerability and risk assessment, and drought preparedness, mitigation, and response. This book collects in one place a description of all the key components of the first pillar, and describes strategies for fitting these pieces together. The best modern drought early warning systems incorporate and integrate a broad array of environmental information sources: weather station observations, satellite imagery, land surface and crop model simulations, and weather and climate model forecasts, and analyze this information in context-relevant ways that take into account exposure and vulnerability. Drought Early Warning and Forecasting: Theory and Practice assembles a comprehensive overview of these components, providing examples drawn from the Famine Early Warning Systems Network and the United States Drought Monitor. This book simultaneously addresses the physical, social, and information management aspects of drought early warning, and informs readers about the tools, techniques, and conceptual models required to effectively identify, predict, and communicate potential drought-related disasters. This book is a key text for postgraduate scientists and graduate and advanced undergraduate students in hydrology, geography, earth sciences, meteorology, climatology, and environmental sciences programs. Professionals dealing with disaster management and drought forecasting will also find this book beneficial to their work. Describes and discusses the strategies and components used in effective and integrated 21st century drought early warning systems Provides a one-stop-shop that describes in one book the observations, models, forecasts, indices, social context, and theory used in drought early warning Identifies the latest tools and approaches used to monitor and forecast drought, sources of predictive skill, and discusses the technical and theoretical details required to use these tools and approaches in a real-world setting

Drought Early Warning and Forecasting

Drought Early Warning and Forecasting Book
Author : Chris Funk,Shraddhanand Shukla
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-03
ISBN : 0128140119
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drought Early Warning and Forecasting: Theory and Practice provides a comprehensive overview of drought-related scientific research, describes the available tools and techniques, and informs readers on how to use these tools and techniques to effectively identify, predict and communicate potential drought-related disasters. Throughout the book, the authors incorporate 'climate change' as a pragmatic component of effective drought early warning, dealing explicitly with climate non-stationarity, increased climate variability, and the impacts of air temperature extremes. This comprehensive resource simultaneously addresses the physical, social and information management aspects of drought early warning. Assesses past and future drought impacts, drought monitoring, prediction and early warning systems, vulnerability and mitigation Presents a comprehensive and integrated treatment of observations, models and vulnerability assessments, allowing readers to learn about the primary climatic dynamics that lead to drought Examines long-term changes in drought and identifies the latest tools and approaches being used to monitor and forecast drought to mitigate socioeconomic losses

Drought

Drought Book
Author : Gabrijel Ondrasek
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-01-15
ISBN : 178984780X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drought (hydrological, meteorological, and/or agronomical) disturbs water balance in certain domains and limits green/blue water resources for our basic needs, including food and energy production. This book presents the most recent insights related to drought types, their detection, and their effects on food, energy, and municipal water supplies. It also examines some novel approaches to drought management.

Applied Drought Modeling Prediction and Mitigation

Applied Drought Modeling  Prediction  and Mitigation Book
Author : Zekâi Şen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-08-03
ISBN : 0128024224
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Drought Modelling, Prediction, and Mitigation provides a practical guide to new and recent methodologies for drought characterizations, change modeling, down-scaling, and future predictions. The modeling procedures covered by the book include recent advancements in regional drought extent, coverage, intensity, and water deficit predictions, which are increasingly significant given current climate change impacts on water resources. Each modeling procedure is explained theoretically prior to the mathematical derivation, and includes book examples, exercises, and case studies that supplement the applied and practical material, thus making the approaches accessible and applicable to the reader. Presents new and recent methodologies for drought characterizations, change modeling, down-scaling, and future predictions Includes online modeling tools to help readers quickly solve drought related problems Presents methodologies, including drought features (duration, intensity, and magnitude) at any desired risk level Include case studies from arid and semi-arid regions

Early Warning Systems for Natural Disaster Reduction

Early Warning Systems for Natural Disaster Reduction Book
Author : Jochen Zschau,Andreas N. Küppers
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 3642559034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written for a broad audience this book offers a comprehensive account of early warning systems for hydro meteorological disasters such as floods and storms, and for geological disasters such as earthquakes. One major theme is the increasingly important role in early warning systems played by the rapidly evolving fields of space and information technology. The authors, all experts in their respective fields, offer a comprehensive and in-depth insight into the current and future perspectives for early warning systems. The text is aimed at decision-makers in the political arena, scientists, engineers and those responsible for public communication and dissemination of warnings.

Flood and Drought Forecasting and Early Warning

Flood and Drought Forecasting and Early Warning Book
Author : Joel Kibiiy,James Kivuva,Paul Karogo,Johnson Maina Muturi,Simeon Otieno Dulo,Mohamed Roushdy,Tumaini A. Kimaro,James B. Magezi-Akiiki
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Flood and Drought Forecasting and Early Warning book written by Joel Kibiiy,James Kivuva,Paul Karogo,Johnson Maina Muturi,Simeon Otieno Dulo,Mohamed Roushdy,Tumaini A. Kimaro,James B. Magezi-Akiiki, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Under the Weather

Under the Weather Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Climate, Ecosystems, Infectious Diseases, and Human Health
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2001-06-29
ISBN : 0309072786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the dawn of medical science, people have recognized connections between a change in the weather and the appearance of epidemic disease. With today's technology, some hope that it will be possible to build models for predicting the emergence and spread of many infectious diseases based on climate and weather forecasts. However, separating the effects of climate from other effects presents a tremendous scientific challenge. Can we use climate and weather forecasts to predict infectious disease outbreaks? Can the field of public health advance from "surveillance and response" to "prediction and prevention?" And perhaps the most important question of all: Can we predict how global warming will affect the emergence and transmission of infectious disease agents around the world? Under the Weather evaluates our current understanding of the linkages among climate, ecosystems, and infectious disease; it then goes a step further and outlines the research needed to improve our understanding of these linkages. The book also examines the potential for using climate forecasts and ecological observations to help predict infectious disease outbreaks, identifies the necessary components for an epidemic early warning system, and reviews lessons learned from the use of climate forecasts in other realms of human activity.

Drought Forecasts and Warnings in Zimbabwe

Drought Forecasts and Warnings in Zimbabwe Book
Author : Jayne Stack
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Drought Forecasts and Warnings in Zimbabwe book written by Jayne Stack, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Hydrological Drought

Hydrological Drought Book
Author : Lena M. Tallaksen,Henny A. J. van Lanen
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780444516886
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The majority of the examples are taken from regions where the rivers run most of the year.

Remote Sensing of Drought

Remote Sensing of Drought Book
Author : Brian D. Wardlow,Martha C. Anderson,James P. Verdin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-04-24
ISBN : 1439835578
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Remote Sensing of Drought: Innovative Monitoring Approaches presents emerging remote sensing-based tools and techniques that can be applied to operational drought monitoring and early warning around the world. The first book to focus on remote sensing and drought monitoring, it brings together a wealth of information that has been scattered throughout the literature and across many disciplines. Featuring contributions by leading scientists, it assembles a cross-section of globally applicable techniques that are currently operational or have potential to be operational in the near future. The book explores a range of applications for monitoring four critical components of the hydrological cycle related to drought: vegetation health, evapotranspiration, soil moisture and groundwater, and precipitation. These applications use remotely sensed optical, thermal, microwave, radar, and gravity data from instruments such as AMSR-E, GOES, GRACE, MERIS, MODIS, and Landsat and implement several advanced modeling and data assimilation techniques. Examples show how to integrate this information into routine drought products. The book also examines the role of satellite remote sensing within traditional drought monitoring, as well as current challenges and future prospects. Improving drought monitoring is becoming increasingly important in addressing a wide range of societal issues, from food security and water scarcity to human health, ecosystem services, and energy production. This unique book surveys innovative remote sensing approaches to provide you with new perspectives on large-area drought monitoring and early warning.

Drought and Water Crises

Drought and Water Crises Book
Author : Donald Wilhite,Roger S. Pulwarty
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-09-25
ISBN : 1351967525
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past decade there have been extraordinary advances towards drought risk reduction with the development of new water-conserving technologies, and new tools for planning, vulnerability and impact assessment, mitigation, and policy. Drought and Water Crises: Integrating Science, Management, and Policy, Second Edition comprehensively captures this evolving progress as it discusses drought management in the light of present risks, global climate change and public policy actions. This new edition emphasizes the paradigm shift from managing disasters to managing risk, reflecting the global emphasis that has evolved in recent years, a new focus that shines light on preparedness strategies and the tools and methods that are essential in drought risk reduction. The book provides additional relevant case studies that integrate this new approach and discusses examples applied in both developed and developing countries.

Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity

Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity Book
Author : Saeid Eslamian,Faezeh A. Eslamian
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-07-20
ISBN : 1351851160
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume includes over 30 chapters, written by experts from around the world. It examines the environmental aspects of drought such as groundwater and soil contamination, river low-flow, urban water quality, and desertification. It also examines the effects of climate change and variability on drought, and discusses the differences in groundwater, rainfall, and temperatures and their related effects. It presents analytical modeling for better understanding drought in uncertain and changing climates.

Reducing Disaster Early Warning Systems For Climate Change

Reducing Disaster  Early Warning Systems For Climate Change Book
Author : Ashbindu Singh,Zinta Zommers
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-12
ISBN : 9401785988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Around the world, extreme weather events are becoming increasingly "the new normal" and are expected to increase in the 21st century as a result of climate change. Extreme weather events have devastating impacts on human lives and national economies. This book examines ways to protect people from hazards using early warning systems, and includes contributions from experts from four different continents representing 14 different universities, 8 government agencies and two UN agencies. Chapters detail critical components of early warning systems, ways to identify vulnerable communities, predict hazards and deliver information. Unique satellite images illustrate the transnational impact of disasters, while case studies provide detailed examples of warning systems. With contributors from the fields of economics, ethics, meteorology, geography and biology, this book is essential reading for anyone interested in disaster risk reduction or climate change.

Moving from Drought Hazard to Impact Forecasts

Moving from Drought Hazard to Impact Forecasts Book
Author : Samuel J. Sutanto,Melati van der Weert,Niko Wanders,Veit Blauhut,Henny A. J. van Lanen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: Present-day drought early warning systems provide the end-users information on the ongoing and forecasted drought hazard (e.g. river flow deficit). However, information on the forecasted drought impacts, which is a prerequisite for drought management, is still missing. Here we present the first study assessing the feasibility of forecasting drought impacts, using machine-learning to relate forecasted hydro-meteorological drought indices to reported drought impacts. Results show that models, which were built with more than 50 months of reported drought impacts, are able to forecast drought impacts a few months ahead. This study highlights the importance of drought impact databases for developing drought impact functions. Our findings recommend that institutions that provide operational drought early warnings should not only forecast drought hazard, but also impacts after developing an impact database

Drought Early Warning System

Drought Early Warning System Book
Author : Muni Rathnam Pantula
Publisher : Notion Press
Release : 2016-06-20
ISBN : 1945497432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book encompasses the characterisation of meteorological drought by the newly invented index called “SPI – Standardised Precipitation index” approved by World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in June 2011. It is a simple index with precipitation as the only parameter and can be computed for different scales (1-3-6-12-24 months) and compared across regions with different climatic zones. The author has depicted graphs with regard to trends, onset, end, magnitude with dates of occurrence of droughts over a period of 102 years with regard to rainfall and temperature with the aid of SPI and SPEI, for Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh, India. To characterise the agricultural drought, climatological water balance was carried for a period of 30 years for the data. In this book a composite index called “Indian drought monitor” with ten indicators and indices has been developed for releasing drought information weekly considering and incorporating review from a group of climatologists, extension agents and others across the nation. This will lead the country economically forward.

Hydrometeorology

Hydrometeorology Book
Author : Kevin Sene
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-09
ISBN : 331923546X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second edition explores some of the latest techniques used to provide forecasts for a wide range of water-related applications in areas such as floods, droughts, water resources and environmental impacts. The practical uses can range from decisions on whether to issue a flood warning through to providing longer-term advice such as on when to plant and harvest crops or how to operate reservoirs for water supply and hydropower schemes. It provides an introduction to the topic for practitioners and researchers and useful background for courses in areas such as civil engineering, water resources, meteorology and hydrology. As in the first edition, the first section considers topics such as monitoring and forecasting techniques, demand forecasting and how forecasts are interpreted when issuing warnings or advice. Separate chapters are now included for meteorological and catchment monitoring techniques allowing a more in-depth discussion of topics such as weather radar and water quality observations. The chapters on meteorological and hydrological forecasting now include a greater emphasis on rainfall forecasting and ensemble and probabilistic techniques. Regarding the interpretation of forecasts, an updated chapter discusses topics such as approaches to issuing warnings and the use of decision support systems and risk-based techniques. Given the rapid pace of development in flash flood fore casting techniques, flash floods and slower responding riverine floods are now considered in separate chapters. This includes more detail on forecasting floods in large river basins and on methods for providing early warnings of debris flows, surface water flooding and ice jam and dam break floods. Later chapters now include more information on developing areas such as environmental modelling and seasonal flow forecasting. As before examples of operational systems are provided throughout and the extensive sets of references which were a feature of the first edition have been revised and updated. Key themes • floods • droughts • meteorological observations • catchment monitoring • meteorological forecasts • hydrological forecasts • demand forecasts • reservoirs • water resources • water quality • decision support • data assimilation • probabilistic forecasts Kevin Sene is a civil engineer and researcher with wide experience in flood risk management, water resources and hydrometeorology. He has previously published books on flood warning, forecasting and emergency response and flash floods (Springer 2008, 2013).

Improving Drought Monitoring and Forecasting

Improving Drought Monitoring and Forecasting Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Environment, Technology, and Standards
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Improving Drought Monitoring and Forecasting book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Environment, Technology, and Standards, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Environment Disaster Linkages

Environment Disaster Linkages Book
Author : Rajib Shaw,Phong Tran
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2012-01-17
ISBN : 0857248650
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is one of the first books to focus on explicit linkages between the changing environment and disasters and suggests proactive approaches towards disaster management. A ready-reference for field practitioners it covers areas such as elements of environmental entry, impacts of environment and disaster, strategies, planning and the way forward.

Droughts in Asian Monsoon Region

Droughts in Asian Monsoon Region Book
Author : Rajib Shaw,Huy Nguyen
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2011-11-08
ISBN : 0857248634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Asian monsoon region is one of these areas where consecutive years of droughts are causing severe problems for the lives and livelihoods of the communities. This book outlines the characteristics and challenges of the Asian monsoon drought and highlights innovative solutions and approaches undertaken in different parts of the region.

Remote Sensing of Water Related Hazards

Remote Sensing of Water Related Hazards Book
Author : Ke Zhang,Yang Hong,Amir AghaKouchak
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-04-19
ISBN : 1119159121
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applications of remote sensing technology for monitoring and predicting water-related hazards Water-related hazards such as floods and droughts have serious impacts on society. Their incidence has increased in recent decades, a trend set to continue with ongoing climate change. Adaptation and mitigation measures require accurate detection, monitoring, and forecasting, much of which comes from remote sensing technologies. Remote Sensing of Water-Related Hazards takes an interdisciplinary approach, presenting recent advances in the available data, sensors, models, and indicators developed for monitoring and prediction. Volume highlights include: Progress in remote sensing of precipitation, storms, and tornados Different techniques for flood mapping, forecasting, and early warning Integrated approach for predicting flood and landslide cascading hazards Satellite monitoring of water cycle variation, water scarcity, and drought conditions Multi-indicator and multi-sensor approaches for quantifying drought impacts The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals.