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Drought Early Warning And Forecasting

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Drought Early Warning and Forecasting

Drought Early Warning and Forecasting Book
Author : Chris Funk,Shraddhanand Shukla
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-06-03
ISBN : 0128140127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drought risk management involves three pillars: drought early warning, drought vulnerability and risk assessment, and drought preparedness, mitigation, and response. This book collects in one place a description of all the key components of the first pillar, and describes strategies for fitting these pieces together. The best modern drought early warning systems incorporate and integrate a broad array of environmental information sources: weather station observations, satellite imagery, land surface and crop model simulations, and weather and climate model forecasts, and analyze this information in context-relevant ways that take into account exposure and vulnerability. Drought Early Warning and Forecasting: Theory and Practice assembles a comprehensive overview of these components, providing examples drawn from the Famine Early Warning Systems Network and the United States Drought Monitor. This book simultaneously addresses the physical, social, and information management aspects of drought early warning, and informs readers about the tools, techniques, and conceptual models required to effectively identify, predict, and communicate potential drought-related disasters. This book is a key text for postgraduate scientists and graduate and advanced undergraduate students in hydrology, geography, earth sciences, meteorology, climatology, and environmental sciences programs. Professionals dealing with disaster management and drought forecasting will also find this book beneficial to their work. Describes and discusses the strategies and components used in effective and integrated 21st century drought early warning systems Provides a one-stop-shop that describes in one book the observations, models, forecasts, indices, social context, and theory used in drought early warning Identifies the latest tools and approaches used to monitor and forecast drought, sources of predictive skill, and discusses the technical and theoretical details required to use these tools and approaches in a real-world setting

Early Warning Systems for Natural Disaster Reduction

Early Warning Systems for Natural Disaster Reduction Book
Author : Jochen Zschau,Andreas N. Küppers
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 3642559034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written for a broad audience this book offers a comprehensive account of early warning systems for hydro meteorological disasters such as floods and storms, and for geological disasters such as earthquakes. One major theme is the increasingly important role in early warning systems played by the rapidly evolving fields of space and information technology. The authors, all experts in their respective fields, offer a comprehensive and in-depth insight into the current and future perspectives for early warning systems. The text is aimed at decision-makers in the political arena, scientists, engineers and those responsible for public communication and dissemination of warnings.

Drought Early Warning System

Drought Early Warning System Book
Author : Muni Rathnam Pantula
Publisher : Notion Press
Release : 2016-06-20
ISBN : 1945497432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book encompasses the characterisation of meteorological drought by the newly invented index called “SPI – Standardised Precipitation index” approved by World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in June 2011. It is a simple index with precipitation as the only parameter and can be computed for different scales (1-3-6-12-24 months) and compared across regions with different climatic zones. The author has depicted graphs with regard to trends, onset, end, magnitude with dates of occurrence of droughts over a period of 102 years with regard to rainfall and temperature with the aid of SPI and SPEI, for Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh, India. To characterise the agricultural drought, climatological water balance was carried for a period of 30 years for the data. In this book a composite index called “Indian drought monitor” with ten indicators and indices has been developed for releasing drought information weekly considering and incorporating review from a group of climatologists, extension agents and others across the nation. This will lead the country economically forward.

Droughts in Asian Monsoon Region

Droughts in Asian Monsoon Region Book
Author : Rajib Shaw,Huy Nguyen
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2011-11-08
ISBN : 0857248634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Asian monsoon region is one of these areas where consecutive years of droughts are causing severe problems for the lives and livelihoods of the communities. This book outlines the characteristics and challenges of the Asian monsoon drought and highlights innovative solutions and approaches undertaken in different parts of the region.

Drought and Water Crises

Drought and Water Crises Book
Author : Donald A. Wilhite
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-03-22
ISBN : 1420028383
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Today the world is facing a greater water crisis than ever. Droughts of lesser magnitude are resulting in greater impact. Even in years with normal precipitation, water shortages have become widespread in both developing and developed nations, in humid as well as arid climates. When faced with severe drought, governments become eager to act. Unfortunately, this eagerness usually wanes when precipitation returns to normal. Drought and Water Crises: Science, Technology, and Management Issues explains the complexities of drought and the role of science, technology, and management in resolving many of the issues associated with the world's expanding water crises. Contributors discuss a broad range of topics in attempting to answer these most pressing questions: How can we can improve planning tools and make mitigation tools more readily available and adaptable? How can we promote widespread adoption of new water-conserving technologies and encourage their use during non-drought periods? How can seasonal forecasts and early warning systems be made more reliable and expressed in ways to better meet the needs of end users? How can the drought-related policy experiences of some countries be systematically utilized to benefit others? Drought and Water Crises collates considerable information from diverse disciplines with the goal of reducing societal vulnerability to drought. Featuring case studies and stressing new technologies, the book seeks to encourage nations to adopt a more risk-based, proactive policy for water and drought management.

Drought Risk Management and Policy

Drought  Risk Management  and Policy Book
Author : Linda Courtenay Botterill,Geoff Cockfield
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-01-28
ISBN : 1439876290
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Australia and the United States face very similar challenges in dealing with drought. Both countries cover a range of biophysical conditions, both are federations that provide considerable responsibility to state governments for water and land management, and both face the challenges in balancing rural industry and urban development, especially in relation to the allocation of water. Yet there are critical differences in their approaches to drought science and policy. Drought, Risk Management, and Policy: Decision Making under Uncertainty explores the complex relationship between scientific research and decision making with respect to drought in Australia and the United States. Risk Management, not Crisis Management Drawing on the work of respected academic researchers and policy practitioners, the book discusses the issues associated with decision making under uncertainty and the perspectives, needs, and expectations of scientists, policy makers, and resource users. Starting from the position that drought is a risk to be managed, it considers the implications of the predicted impacts of future climate change. The book also examines the policy responses to these challenges and the role of scientific input into the policy process. Contributors look at drought risk management in action and how end users in the community incorporate drought science into their decision making. The book concludes with lessons learned about science, policy, and managing uncertainty. Get Insight into the Relationship between Science and Policy—and How to Turn That into More Effective Decision Making Throughout, the contributors identify possible reasons for differences in the use and application of drought sciences and approach to policy between the two countries, offering valuable insight into the relationship between scientific advice and the policy process. They also highlight the challenges faced at the science–policy interface. Crossing international borders and disciplinary boundaries, this timely collection tackles drought policy development as part of the broader discussion about climate change. Although the focus is on Australia and the United States, many of the lessons learned are relevant for any country dealing with drought.

Early warning systems for drought preparedness and drought management proceedings of an Expert Group Meeting 5 7 September 2000 Lisbon Portugal

Early warning systems for drought preparedness and drought management   proceedings of an Expert Group Meeting  5   7 September 2000  Lisbon  Portugal Book
Author : Donald A. Wilhite
Publisher :
Release : 2000
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drought early warning systems in the context of drought preparedness and mitigation. Role of early warning systems in decision-making processes. Drought science and drought policty in Australia: a risk management perspective. Recommendations and drought monitoring by the US national drought policy commission. Role of drought early warning systems in South Africa's evolving drought policy. Drought early warning systems in West Asia and North Africa. Contribution of remote sensing to drought early warning. Drought quantification and preparedness in Brazil - the example of São Paulo State. Drough early warning and impact assessment in China. Role of drought early warning systems. Regional drought monitoring centres - the case of Eastern and Southern Africa. Meteorology early warning systems (EWS) for drought preparedness and drought management in Nigeria. Drought tendencies in Mainland Portugal. Drought monitoring in Hungary.

Drought Monitoring and Early Warning

Drought Monitoring and Early Warning Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 2006
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Among the various hazards of nature, drought is one of the most disastrous because of the significant impacts associated with its occurrence. This brochure presents an overview of drought as a hazard giving examples from different parts of the world; the need for effective drought monitoring; progress in drought monitoring that presents a historical perspective as well as current approaches giving examples from different parts of the world; challenges to drought monitoring; solutions to the challenges so presented; conclusions and the way forward.--Publisher's description.

Hydrological Drought

Hydrological Drought Book
Author : Lena M. Tallaksen,Henny A.J. van Lanen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780444517678
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The majority of the examples are taken from regions where the rivers run most of the year.

Reducing Disaster Early Warning Systems For Climate Change

Reducing Disaster  Early Warning Systems For Climate Change Book
Author : Ashbindu Singh,Zinta Zommers
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-12
ISBN : 9401785988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Around the world, extreme weather events are becoming increasingly "the new normal" and are expected to increase in the 21st century as a result of climate change. Extreme weather events have devastating impacts on human lives and national economies. This book examines ways to protect people from hazards using early warning systems, and includes contributions from experts from four different continents representing 14 different universities, 8 government agencies and two UN agencies. Chapters detail critical components of early warning systems, ways to identify vulnerable communities, predict hazards and deliver information. Unique satellite images illustrate the transnational impact of disasters, while case studies provide detailed examples of warning systems. With contributors from the fields of economics, ethics, meteorology, geography and biology, this book is essential reading for anyone interested in disaster risk reduction or climate change.

Shaping the Future of Water for Agriculture

Shaping the Future of Water for Agriculture Book
Author : World Bank
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9780821361610
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agricultural water management is a vital practice in ensuring reduction, and environmental protection. After decades of successfully expanding irrigation and improving productivity, farmers and managers face an emerging crisis in the form of poorly performing irrigation schemes, slow modernization, declining investment, constrained water availability, and environmental degradation.More and better investments in agricultural water are needed. In response, the World Bank, in conjunction with many partner agencies, has compiled a selection of good experiences that can guide practitioners in the design of quality investments in agricultural water.The messages of 'Shaping the Future of Water for Agriculture: A Sourcebook for Investment in Agricultural Water Management' center around the key challenges to agricultural water management, specifically: • Building policies and incentives • Designing institutional reforms • Investing in irrigation systems improvement and modernization • Investing in groundwater irrigation • Investing in drainage and water quality management • Investing in water management in rainfed agriculture • Investing in agricultural water management in multipurpose operations • Coping with extreme climatic conditions • Assessing the social, economic, and environmental impacts of agricultural water investments 'Shaping the Future of Water for Agriculture' is an important resource for those interested and engaged in development with a focus on agricultural water.

Making Climate Forecasts Matter

Making Climate Forecasts Matter Book
Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Environmental Change and Society,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Panel on the Human Dimensions of Seasonal-to-Interannual Climate Variability
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1999-05-27
ISBN : 9780309173407
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

El Nino has been with us for centuries, but now we can forcast it, and thus can prepare far in advance for the extreme climatic events it brings. The emerging ability to forecast climate may be of tremendous value to humanity if we learn how to use the information well. How does society cope with seasonal-to-interannual climatic variations? How have climate forecasts been used--and how useful have they been? What kinds of forecast information are needed? Who is likely to benefit from forecasting skill? What are the benefits of better forecasting? This book reviews what we know about these and other questions and identifies research directions toward more useful seasonal-to-interannual climate forecasts. In approaching their recommendations, the panel explores: Vulnerability of human activities to climate. State of the science of climate forecasting. How societies coevolved with their climates and cope with variations in climate. How climate information should be disseminated to achieve the best response. How we can use forecasting to better manage the human consequences of climate change.

Heads Up

Heads Up  Book
Author : Michael H. Glantz
Publisher :
Release : 2009
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication provides a review of early warning systems in operation, while exploring a range of hazards including hurricanes, heat waves, floods, droughts, tsunami and volcanoes.--Publisher's description.

Hydrometeorological Hazards

Hydrometeorological Hazards Book
Author : Philippe Quevauviller
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-10-24
ISBN : 111862954X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent hydrometeorological extreme events have highlighted the increased exposure and vulnerability of societies and the need to strengthen the knowledge-base of related policies. Current research is focused on improving forecasting, prediction and early warning capabilities in order to improve the assessment of vulnerability and risks linked to extreme climatic events. Hydrometeorological Hazards: Interfacing science and policy is the first volume of a series which will gather scientific and policy-related knowledge related to climate-related extreme events. Invited authors are internationally recognized experts in their respective fields. This volume reflects the most recent advances in science and policy within this field and takes a multidisciplinary approach. The book provides the reader with a state-of-the art account on flash floods, droughts, storms, and a comprehensive discussion focused on the cost of natural hazards, resilience and adaptation. This book will be an invaluable reference for advanced undergraduates taking courses with a focus on natural hazards including climate-related extreme events. The book will also be of interest to postgraduates, researchers and policy makers in this field looking for an overview of the subject.

Famine Early Warning Systems and Remote Sensing Data

Famine Early Warning Systems and Remote Sensing Data Book
Author : Molly E. Brown
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-05-06
ISBN : 3540753699
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the interdisciplinary work of USAID's Famine Early Warning System (FEWS NET) and its influence on methodological and development policies in the US. This book describes FEWS NET's systems, methods and presents several illustrative case studies that will demonstrate the integration of both physical and social science disciplines in its work. The aim of this book is to bring the work of USAID's Famine Early warning System Network into the public domain.

DROUGHT MITIGATION AND MANAGEMENT

DROUGHT MITIGATION AND MANAGEMENT Book
Author : Akath Singh,S. P. S. Tanwar,Suresh Kumar
Publisher : Scientific Publishers
Release : 2017-01-01
ISBN : 9387307425
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drought is a natural hazard characterized by lower than expected or lower than normal rainfall having slow but widespread impact. This book focus on drought management and mitigation in agriculture and allied sectors. The chapters cover Basic concepts, assessment, monitoring, forecasting, early warning, vulnerability and adaptation to drought and mitigation and management strategies. Management of different land use systems under drought and finally socio economic impact and livelihood issues of drought are also focussed. It would be useful to a wide range of stakeholders, i.e. planners, researchers, students and interested public. This will also serve as text book as well as supplementary reading for courses in agronomy, ecology, geography and agro meteorology besides administration and disaster management units.

World Disasters Report

World Disasters Report Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Red Cross Red Crescent
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9291391425
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :