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Driving Science Information Discovery In The Digital Age

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Driving Science Information Discovery in the Digital Age

Driving Science Information Discovery in the Digital Age Book
Author : Svetla Baykoucheva
Publisher : Chandos Publishing
Release : 2021-10-15
ISBN : 9780128237236
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of new information technologies has transformed the creation, sharing, dissemination, and discoverability of scientific information. New forms of scientific publishing and media have shifted the ways in which scientific communication takes place, creating a sea change in the flow of scientific information. There is now intense competition to make scientific information more visible and discoverable, and great pressure on researchers to increase the impact of research. Specialized indexing services and search engines, for example, attempt to intuit what users are looking for and, using artificial intelligence and machine learning, these agents are anticipating the information needs of the user. Driving Scientific Information Discovery in the Digital Age examines the complex mechanisms involved in scientific information discovery. The book consists in three intertwined threads: discovering, managing and using scientific information; making scientific information discoverable; and enhancing discoverability. This title gives readers insight into the mechanisms involved in scientific information discovery. The book shows in a clear way how scientific information is processed and how researchers and information specialists can make research more visible and discoverable, and thereby increase research impact. Shows researchers how scientific information is processed, and how it can be made more discoverable Presents the mechanisms involved in scientific information discovery in a systematic and clear way Considers scientific information from three related perspectives: the user, the publisher, and the author Lays out the latest techniques used by specialized indexing services and search engines to process scientific information Helps researchers, and information specialists, increase impact by making research more discoverable

Driving Science Information Discovery in the Digital Age

Driving Science Information Discovery in the Digital Age Book
Author : Svetla Baykoucheva
Publisher : Chandos Publishing
Release : 2021-09-30
ISBN : 0128237244
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New digital technologies have transformed how scientific information is created, disseminated—and discovered. The emergence of new forms of scientific publishing based on open science and open access have caused a major shift in scientific communication and a restructuring of the flow of information. Specialized indexing services and search engines are trying to get into information seekers’ minds to understand what users are actually looking for when typing all these keywords or drawing chemical structures. Using artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, and semantic indexing, these "discovery agents" are trying to anticipate users’ information needs. In this highly competitive environment, authors should not sit and rely only on publishers, search engines, and indexing services to make their works visible. They need to communicate about their research and reach out to a larger audience. Driving Science Information Discovery in the Digital Age looks through the "eyes" of the main "players" in this "game" and examines the discovery of scientific information from three different, but intertwined, perspectives: Discovering, managing, and using information (Information seeker perspective) Publishing, disseminating, and making information discoverable (Publisher perspective) Creating, spreading, and promoting information (Author perspective). Presents an overview of the current scientific publishing landscape Shows how users can search for scientific information more efficiently Critically analyses the metrics used to measure the quality of journals and the impact of research Looks at the discovery of scientific information from the perspectives of information seekers, publishers, and authors Delves into the practices used by specialized indexing services and search engines to process scientific information and make it discoverable Recommends strategies that authors could use to promote their research.

Accidental Information Discovery

Accidental Information Discovery Book
Author : Tammera M. Race,Stephann Makri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-06-13
ISBN : 1780634315
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Accidental Information Discovery: Cultivating Serendipity in the Digital Age provides readers with an interesting discussion on the ways serendipity—defined as the accidental discovery of valued information—plays an important role in creative problem-solving. This insightful resource brings together discussions on serendipity and information discovery, research in computer and information science, and interesting thoughts on the creative process. Five thorough chapters explore the significance of serendipity in creativity and innovation, the characteristics of serendipity-friendly tools and minds, and how future discovery environments may encourage serendipity. Examines serendipity in a multidisciplinary context Bridges theory and practice Explores digital information landscapes of the future with essays from current researchers Brings the concept of accidental discovery and its value front and center

Scholarly Information Discovery in the Networked Academic Learning Environment

Scholarly Information Discovery in the Networked Academic Learning Environment Book
Author : LiLi Li
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-09-10
ISBN : 1780634447
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the dynamic and interactive academic learning environment, students are required to have qualified information literacy competencies while critically reviewing print and electronic information. However, many undergraduates encounter difficulties in searching peer-reviewed information resources. Scholarly Information Discovery in the Networked Academic Learning Environment is a practical guide for students determined to improve their academic performance and career development in the digital age. Also written with academic instructors and librarians in mind who need to show their students how to access and search academic information resources and services, the book serves as a reference to promote information literacy instructions. This title consists of four parts, with chapters on the search for online and printed information via current academic information resources and services: part one examines understanding information and information literacy; part two looks at academic information delivery in the networked world; part three covers searching for information in the academic learning environment; and part four discusses searching and utilizing needed information in the future in order to be more successful beyond the academic world. Provides a reference guide for motivated students who want to improve their academic performance and career development in the digital age Lays out a roadmap for searching peer-reviewed scholarly information in dynamic and interactive cademic learning environments Explains how to access and utilize academic information ethically, legally, and safely in public-accessed computing environments Provides brainstorming and discussion, case studies, mini-tests, and real-world examples for instructors and students to promote skills in critical thinking, decision making, and problem solving

Trends Discovery and People in the Digital Age

Trends  Discovery  and People in the Digital Age Book
Author : Wendy Evans,David Baker
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-02-26
ISBN : 1780633890
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Digital information is a constantly developing field. The first title in the Chandos Digital Information Review series, Trends, Discovery, and People in the Digital Age, summarises and presents key themes, advances and trends in all aspects of digital information today, exploring the impact of developing technologies on the information world. This book emphasises important contemporary topics and future developments from a global perspective. Dynamic contents by leaders in the field respond to what is happening in the field of digital information literacy, and anticipate future developments. Topics include: the future of digital information provision; Enquire; cloud computing; building an information landscape; e-books and journals in a changing digital landscape; discovering resources; citizens and digital information; data-management; community usage patterns of scientific information; software citations; the future of data curation; JISC; Skills Portal; the future information professional; university library and information services; academic libraries and their future; and impediments to new library futures. Covers major aspects of contemporary digital information provision Provides practical advice Structured so that each chapter stands alone while contributing to a coherent overall text

Information Discovery on Electronic Health Records

Information Discovery on Electronic Health Records Book
Author : Vagelis Hristidis
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-12-10
ISBN : 9781420090413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exploiting the rich information found in electronic health records (EHRs) can facilitate better medical research and improve the quality of medical practice. Until now, a trivial amount of research has been published on the challenges of leveraging this information. Addressing these challenges, Information Discovery on Electronic Health Records explores the technology to unleash the data stored in EHRs. Assembling a truly interdisciplinary team of experts, the book tackles medical privacy concerns, the lack of standardization for the representation of EHRs, missing or incorrect values, and the availability of multiple rich health ontologies. It looks at how to search the EHR collection given a user query and return relevant fragments from the EHRs. It also explains how to mine the EHR collection to extract interesting patterns, group entities to various classes, or decide whether an EHR satisfies a given property. Most of the book focuses on textual or numeric data of EHRs, where more searching and mining progress has occurred. A chapter on the processing of medical images is also included. Maintaining a uniform style across chapters and minimizing technical jargon, this book presents the various ways to extract useful knowledge from EHRs. It skillfully discusses how EHR data can be effectively searched and mined.

Information Cultures in the Digital Age

Information Cultures in the Digital Age Book
Author : Matthew Kelly,Jared Bielby
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-08
ISBN : 3658146818
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For several decades Rafael Capurro has been at the forefront of defining the relationship between information and modernity through both phenomenological and ethical formulations. In exploring both of these themes Capurro has re-vivified the transcultural and intercultural expressions of how we bring an understanding of information to bear on scientific knowledge production and intermediation. Capurro has long stressed the need to look deeply into how we contextualize the information problems that scientific society creates for us and to re-incorporate a pragmatic dimension into our response that provides a balance to the cognitive turn in information science. With contributions from 35 scholars from 15 countries, Information Cultures in the Digital Age focuses on the culture and philosophy of information, information ethics, the relationship of information to message, the historic and semiotic understanding of information, the relationship of information to power and the future of information education. This Festschrift seeks to celebrate Rafael Capurro’s important contribution to a global dialogue on how information conceptualisation, use and technology impact human culture and the ethical questions that arise from this dynamic relationship.

BPM Driving Innovation in a Digital World

BPM   Driving Innovation in a Digital World Book
Author : Jan vom Brocke,Theresa Schmiedel
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-02-21
ISBN : 3319144308
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book shows how business process management (BPM), as a management discipline at the intersection of IT and Business, can help organizations to master digital innovations and transformations. At the same time, it discusses how BPM needs to be further developed to successfully act as a driver for innovation in a digital world. In recent decades, BPM has proven extremely successful in managing both continuous and radical improvements in many sectors and business areas. While the digital age brings tremendous new opportunities, it also brings the specific challenge of correctly positioning and scoping BPM in organizations. This book shows how to leverage BPM to drive business innovation in the digital age. It brings together the views of the world’s leading experts on BPM and also presents a number of practical cases. It addresses mangers as well as academics who share an interest in digital innovation and business process management. The book covers topics such as BPM and big data, BPM and the Internet of Things, and BPM and social media. While these technological and methodological aspects are key to BPM, process experts are also aware that further nontechnical organizational capabilities are required for successful innovation. The ideas presented in this book have helped us a lot while implementing process innovations in our global Logistics Service Center. Joachim Gantner, Director IT Services, Swarovski AG Managing Processes – everyone talks about it, very few really know how to make it work in today’s agile and competitive world. It is good to see so many leading experts taking on the challenge in this book. Cornelius Clauser, Chief Process Officer, SAP SE This book provides worthwhile readings on new developments in advanced process analytics and process modelling including practical applications – food for thought how to succeed in the digital age. Ralf Diekmann, Head of Business Excellence, Hilti AG This book is as an important step towards process innovation systems. I very much like to congratulate the editors and authors for presenting such an impressive scope of ideas for how to address the challenging, but very rewarding marriage of BPM and innovation. Professor Michael Rosemann, Queensland University of Technology

To the Digital Age

To the Digital Age Book
Author : Ross Knox Bassett
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 2007-02-22
ISBN : 9780801886393
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) transistor is the fundamental element of digital electronics. The tens of millions of transistors in a typical home -- in personal computers, automobiles, appliances, and toys -- are almost all derive from MOS transistors. To the Digital Age examines for the first time the history of this remarkable device, which overthrew the previously dominant bipolar transistor and made digital electronics ubiquitous. Combining technological with corporate history, To the Digital Age examines the breakthroughs of individual innovators as well as the research and development power (and problems) of large companies such as IBM, Intel, and Fairchild. Bassett discusses how the MOS transistor was invented but spurned at Bell Labs, and then how, in the early 1960s, spurred on by the possibilities of integrated circuits, RCA, Fairchild, and IBM all launched substantial MOS R & D programs. The development of the MOS transistor involved an industry-wide effort, and Bassett emphasizes how communication among researchers from different firms played a critical role in advancing the new technology. Bassett sheds substantial new light on the development of the integrated circuit, Moore's Law, the success of Silicon Valley start-ups as compared to vertically integrated East Coast firms, the development of the microprocessor, and IBM's multi-billion-dollar losses in the early 1990s. To the Digital Age offers a captivating account of the intricate R & D process behind a technological device that transformed modern society.

Strategic Corporate Communication in the Digital Age

Strategic Corporate Communication in the Digital Age Book
Author : Mark Anthony Camilleri
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2021-02-19
ISBN : 1800712669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Strategic Corporate Communication in the Digital Age explores how contemporary communication approaches are crossing boundaries as innovative media formats and digital transformations offer new challenges and opportunities to academia and practitioners.

Media and New Capitalism in the Digital Age

Media and New Capitalism in the Digital Age Book
Author : E. Fisher
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2010-03-15
ISBN : 0230106064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the new terrain of network capitalism through the transformations of the discourse on technology. Rather than viewing such discourse as either a true or false reflection of reality, Fisher evaluates the ideological role that technology discourse plays in the legitimation of a new form of capitalism. Based on an extensive empirical analysis, the book argues that contemporary technology discourse at one and the same time promises more personal empowerment through network technology and legitimates a more privatized, flexible, and precarious economic constellations. Such discourse signals a new tradeoff in the political culture of capitalism, from a legitimation discourse which emphasizes the capacity of technology and technique to bring about social emancipation (through equality, stability, and security) to a legitimation discourse which focuses on the capacity of technology to bring about individual emancipation (through individual empowerment, authenticity, creativity, and cooperation). Contrary to the prevailing assumption that sees network technology as liberating from the rigidity and pitfalls of a stifling, Fordist capitalism, the book offers a theoretical framework which sees contemporary technology discourse as an ideology that legitimates the economic, social, and political arrangements of the new capitalism.

Culture Curiosity and Communication in Scientific Discovery

Culture  Curiosity and Communication in Scientific Discovery Book
Author : Nigel . Sanitt
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-10-03
ISBN : 0429861842
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many aspects of research activity in science are opaque to outsiders and this opacity infects how connections are made between science and other disciplines. The aim of Culture, Curiosity and Communication in Scientific Discovery is to try to shine a light through the mist of scientific research by way of examples taken from the sciences, social sciences and the humanities. The book maintains that the foundations of science are built on sand because theories come and go and the search for truth is elusive. Knowledge acquisition appears to be an end in itself, as though knowledge is some sort of commodity or object that can be traded. Nigel Sanitt explains that we have created a mythical objective world, where we pretend that opinions and values are generated by data alone and not by human beings. Science is part of our culture and part of the understanding of science is bound up with recognizing the social, economic and political ramifications as they apply to science. Culture, Curiosity and Communication in Scientific Discovery is a radical interpretation of how science works and aims to change the way scientists and non-scientists think about science.

The Law and Economics of Intellectual Property in the Digital Age

The Law and Economics of Intellectual Property in the Digital Age Book
Author : Niva Elkin-Koren,Eli Salzberger
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-11-27
ISBN : 1136249508
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the economic analysis of intellectual property law, with a special emphasis on the Law and Economics of informational goods in light of the past decade’s technological revolution. In recent years there has been massive growth in the Law and Economics literature focusing on intellectual property, on both normative and positive levels of analysis. The economic approach to intellectual property is often described as a monolithic, coherent approach that may differ only as it is applied to a particular case. Yet the growing literature of Law and Economics in intellectual property does not speak in one voice. The economic discourse used in legal scholarship and in policy-making encompasses several strands, each reflecting a fundamentally different approach to the economics of informational works, and each grounded in a different ideology or methodological paradigm. This book delineates the various economic approaches taken and analyzes their tenets. It maps the fundamental concepts and the theoretical foundation of current economic analysis of intellectual property law, in order to fully understand the ramifications of using economic analysis of law in policy making. In so doing, one begins to appreciate the limitations of the current frameworks in confronting the challenges of the information revolution. The book addresses the fundamental adjustments in the methodology and underlying assumptions that must be employed in order for the economic approach to remain a useful analytical framework for addressing IPR in the information age.

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology Third Edition

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology  Third Edition Book
Author : Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2014-07-31
ISBN : 1466658894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This 10-volume compilation of authoritative, research-based articles contributed by thousands of researchers and experts from all over the world emphasized modern issues and the presentation of potential opportunities, prospective solutions, and future directions in the field of information science and technology"--Provided by publisher.

Scholarship in the Digital Age

Scholarship in the Digital Age Book
Author : Christine L. Borgman
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2010-08-13
ISBN : 0262250667
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An exploration of the technical, social, legal, and economic aspects of the scholarly infrastructure needed to support research activities in all fields in the twenty-first century. Scholars in all fields now have access to an unprecedented wealth of online information, tools, and services. The Internet lies at the core of an information infrastructure for distributed, data-intensive, and collaborative research. Although much attention has been paid to the new technologies making this possible, from digitized books to sensor networks, it is the underlying social and policy changes that will have the most lasting effect on the scholarly enterprise. In Scholarship in the Digital Age, Christine Borgman explores the technical, social, legal, and economic aspects of the kind of infrastructure that we should be building for scholarly research in the twenty-first century. Borgman describes the roles that information technology plays at every stage in the life cycle of a research project and contrasts these new capabilities with the relatively stable system of scholarly communication, which remains based on publishing in journals, books, and conference proceedings. No framework for the impending “data deluge” exists comparable to that for publishing. Analyzing scholarly practices in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities, Borgman compares each discipline's approach to infrastructure issues. In the process, she challenges the many stakeholders in the scholarly infrastructure—scholars, publishers, libraries, funding agencies, and others—to look beyond their own domains to address the interaction of technical, legal, economic, social, political, and disciplinary concerns. Scholarship in the Digital Age will provoke a stimulating conversation among all who depend on a rich and robust scholarly environment.

Another Economy is Possible

Another Economy is Possible Book
Author : Manuel Castells
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-05-23
ISBN : 1509517227
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Throughout the Western world, governments and financial elites responded to the financial crisis of 2008 by trying to restore the conditions of business as usual, but the economic, social and human damage inflicted by the crisis has given rise to a reconsideration of the inevitability of unfettered capitalism as a fact of life. A number of economic practices and organizations emerged in Europe and the United States that embodied alternative values: the value of life over the value of money; the effectiveness of cooperation over cut-throat competition; the social responsibility of corporations and responsible regulation by governments over the short-term speculative strategies that brought the economy to the brink of catastrophe. This book examines the blossoming of innovative new experiments in organizing work and life that emerged in the wake of the financial crisis: cooperatives, barter networks, ethical banking, community currencies, shared time banks, solidarity networks, sharing of goods, non-monetary transactions, etc., experiments that paved the way for the emergence of a sharing economy in all domains of activity oriented toward the satisfaction of human needs. Other innovations included the creation of cryptographic virtual currencies, epitomized by bitcoin, which blended a libertarian, entrepreneurial spirit with information technology to provide an alternative to standard forms of currency. On the basis of a cross-cultural analysis of alternative economic practices, this book develops an important theoretical argument: that the economy, as a human practice, is shaped by culture, and that the diversity of cultures, as revealed in a time of crisis, implies the possibility of different economies depending on the values and power relations that define economic institutions. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars in sociology, economics and the social sciences generally, and to anyone who wishes to understand how our societies and economies are changing today.

Leading in the Digital World

Leading in the Digital World Book
Author : Amit S. Mukherjee
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2020-02-25
ISBN : 0262358395
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The definitive book on leadership in the digital era: why digital technologies call for leadership that emphasizes creativity, collaboration, and inclusivity. Certain ideas about business leadership are held to be timeless, and certain characteristics of leaders—often including a square jaw, a deep voice, and extroversion—are said to be universal. In Leading in the Digital World, Amit Mukherjee argues that since digital technologies are changing everything else, how could they not change leadership ideologies and styles? As more people worldwide participate equally in business, those assumptions of a leader's ideal profile have become irrelevant. Offering a radical rethinking of leadership, Mukherjee shows why digital technologies call for a new kind of leader—one who emphasizes creativity, collaboration, and inclusivity. Drawing on a global survey of 700 mid-tier to senior executives and interviews with C-level executives from around the world, Mukherjee explains how digital technologies are already reshaping organizations and work and what this means for leaders. For example, globally dispersed businesses can't reserve key leadership roles for people from exclusive groups; leadership must become inclusive, or fail. Leaders must learn to collaborate in a multipolar world of networked organizations, working with co-located and non-co-located colleagues. Leaders must lead for creativity rather than productivity. Focusing on practice, Mukherjee outlines goals and strategies, warns against unthinking assumptions, and explains how leaders can identify the mindsets, behaviors, and actions they need to pursue. With Leading in the Digital World, Mukherjee offers the definitive book on leadership for the digital era.

The Academic Librarian in the Digital Age

The Academic Librarian in the Digital Age Book
Author : Tom Diamond
Publisher : McFarland
Release : 2020-08-24
ISBN : 1476680167
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As new technology and opportunities emerge through the revolutionary impacts of the digital age, the function of libraries and librarians and how they provide services to constituents is rapidly changing. The impact of new technology touches everything from libraries' organizational structures, business models, and workflow processes, to position descriptions and the creation of new positions. As libraries are required to make operational adjustments to meet the growing technological demands of libraries' customer bases and provide these services, librarians must be flexible in adapting to this fast-moving environment. This volume shares the unique perspectives and experiences of librarians on the front lines of this technological transformation. The essays within provide details of both the practical applications of surviving, adapting, and growing when confronted with changing roles and responsibilities, as well as a big picture perspective of the changing roles impacting libraries and librarians. This book strives to be a valuable tool for librarians involved in public and technical services, digital humanities, virtual and augmented reality, government documents, information technology, and scholarly communication.

Transforming Politics and Policy in the Digital Age

Transforming Politics and Policy in the Digital Age Book
Author : Bishop, Jonathan
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2014-04-30
ISBN : 1466660392
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Digital technology and the Internet have greatly affected the political realm in recent years, allowing citizens greater input and interaction in government processes. The mainstream media no longer holds all the power in political commentary. Transforming Politics and Policy in the Digital Age provides an updated assessment of the implications of technology for society and the realm of politics. The book covers issues presented by the technological changes on policy making and offers a wide array of perspectives. This publication will appeal to researchers, politicians, policy analysts, and academics working in e-government and politics.

Emerging Technologies for Academic Libraries in the Digital Age

Emerging Technologies for Academic Libraries in the Digital Age Book
Author : LiLi Li
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-01-30
ISBN : 178063000X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is written to promote academic strategic management and envision future innovations for academic library resources, services and instructions in the digital age. It provides academic executives, consultants, instructors, IT specialists, librarians, LIS students, managers, trainers and other professionals with the latest information for developing trends of emerging technologies applied to student-centred and service-oriented academic learning environments. This book explores various fields where key emerging technologies may have great implications on academic library information technologies, academic library management, academic library information services, and academic library internal operations. Reflects most recent emerging technologies which might impact on library administrations, resources, services and instructions Draws a clear roadmap how and where to monitor emerging technologies which began to emerge under academic library environments Provides practical and realistic suggestions and solutions how to utilize emerging technologies in academic learning environments