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Domino Effects In The Process Industries

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Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book
Author : Genserik Reniers,Valerio Cozzani
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-07-08
ISBN : 0444543244
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Domino Effects in the Process Industries discusses state-of-the-art theories, conceptual models, insights and practical issues surrounding large-scale knock-on accidents—so-called domino effects—in the chemical and process industries. The book treats such extremely low-frequency phenomena from a technological perspective, studying possible causes and introducing several approaches to assess and control the risks of these scenarios. The authors also examine these events from a managerial viewpoint, discussing single and multi-plant management insights and requirements to take pro-active measures to prevent such events. Academics, regulators, and industrialists who study and analyze domino effects in order to prevent such events will find the book unique and highly valuable. Outlines available methods in analyzing these events, aiding understanding of the accidents and their causes Covers current modelling, control and management tactics of domino effects, -facilitating prevention Identifies areas where new research is needed

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book
Author : Valerio Cozzani,Gigliola Spadoni,Genserik Reniers
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-08
ISBN : 0128082488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The assessment of hazards related to domino accidents is an important issue in the safety analysis of an industrial site. Several methodologies exist and different levels of detail may be used in the analysis. The present section provides a framework and a classification of the available techniques that may be used for domino assessment. Three approaches having a different level of detail are outlined and linked to needs and/or specific phases of process safety assessment. Criteria for the selection of the most appropriate approach are also discussed.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book
Author : Bahman Abdolhamidzadeh
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-08
ISBN : 0128082542
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nowadays the application of decision support systems (DSSs) in process safety is more important than ever. The use of DSS for preventing domino effects is one of the diverse applications of these computer-automated toolkits. Different software packages were developed in recent years, each trying to manage domino risk by a specific approach. In this chapter, the definition, architecture, benefits and essential characteristics of DSS toolkits are described. The application, scope, approach, technical features, advantages, shortcomings and limitations of all the available computerized tools and software packages presented up to now for managing domino effect are then discussed and analyzed thoroughly. Finally, a framework for an integrated DSS to prevent domino effects based on all existing advancements and potential possibilities for improvement is introduced.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book
Author : Joaquim Casal,Rosa-Mari Darbra
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-08
ISBN : 0128082429
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The diverse historical surveys on accidents involving domino effect have been analyzed to identify their significance and their most important features. From these data, the importance of domino effect among all accidents in the process industry and in the transportation of hazardous materials has been highlighted. The characteristics of this type of accidents have been studied with a statistical approach: origin and causes of domino effect, materials most frequently involved and effects and consequences of accidents. The significance of the diverse domino sequences have been assessed by using the relative probability event tree. Finally, four relevant cases have been discussed, corresponding to the following initiating events: two vapor cloud explosions (Buncefield, 2005 and Naples, 1985), one jet fire (Valero, 2007) and one accident associated with dust explosion.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book
Author : Alessandro Tugnoli,Valerio Cozzani,Faisal Khan,Paul Amyotte
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-08
ISBN : 0128082526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Risk-based design has an important role in the inherent prevention of domino effect, limiting the possibility of escalation by both physical distances between units and introduction of robust safety barriers. In this chapter, the role of design in reducing domino hazard has been explored. Layout definition was identified as a key factor for the prevention of escalation. Threshold values for escalation to be used in design activities were defined. Thus, criteria for the assessment of appropriate safety distances were developed and implemented in layout design. The integration of different strategies in accident mitigation was identified as the key in achieving safer plants with respect to domino accidents. Since conceptual tools alone frequently fail in solving the tradeoffs related to the conflicting needs in the design improvement, inherent safety metrics were introduced to support design activities.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book
Author : Ernesto Salzano,Pol Hoorelbeke,Faisal Khan,Paul Amyotte
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-08
ISBN : 0128082445
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explosions produce pressure waves which expand in the atmosphere. When impacting industrial equipment, domino effects may be caused if the equipment content is flammable or toxic. A detailed analysis of these scenarios requires complex computational tecniques based on finite element analysis. Simplified methodologies have been developed in the past years for land use planning and quantitative risk assessment. These approaches are based on the definition of probability functions and threshold values for the occurrence of loss of containment from damaged systems and rely on the prediction of peak overpressure with respect to distance from the explosion source and on the structural category of the target equipment.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book
Author : Gabriele Landucci,Valerio Cozzani,Michael Birk
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-08
ISBN : 0128082453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Escalation triggered by fires resulting in domino scenarios was the cause of severe accidents in the process industry. As a matter of fact, the catastrophic failure of process equipment, both pressurized and atmospheric, may be induced by the heat-up due to the exposure to accidental fires, leading to the loss of containment of hazardous materials. In this chapter, the behavior of equipment exposed to accidental fire will be investigated in order to identify the fundamental mechanisms underlying the failure of vessels exposed to fire. In particular, both simplified tools and detailed models for the assessment of the performance of vessels involved in fires will be discussed. The final aim is to provide methods for the quantitative assessment of domino hazards caused by accidental fires, and for the application of both passive and active strategies for the control and reduction of the risk associated with incident escalation triggered by fire.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book
Author : Valerio Cozzani,Genserik Reniers
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-08
ISBN : 0128082410
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Domino effects may cause more severe accident scenarios in the chemical and process industries. An introduction is given to the context and state of the art of technical and scientific knowledge concerning accident scenarios where domino effect(s) took place, as well as to European regulations on the subject. The specific context of chemical clusters with respect to safety and security assessment when dealing with domino scenarios is also introduced.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book
Author : Gabriele Landucci,Ernesto Salzano,Jerome Taveau,Gigliola Spadoni,Valerio Cozzani
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-08
ISBN : 0128082518
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The analysis of domino escalation scenarios is a complex task. The use of advanced distributed parameter models may provide a significant contribution to domino effect escalation assessment. Nevertheless, this approach requires a detailed description of equipment geometry and the characterization of the primary scenarios leading to the escalation. This chapter is aimed at presenting the potentialities of the distributed parameters codes for the specific assessment of domino accidents triggered by fire and overpressure by the analysis of specific case studies.

Dynamic Risk Assessment and Management of Domino Effects and Cascading Events in the Process Industry

Dynamic Risk Assessment and Management of Domino Effects and Cascading Events in the Process Industry Book
Author : Valerio Cozzani,Genserik Reniers
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-06-08
ISBN : 0081028393
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dynamic Risk Assessment and Management of Domino Effects and Cascading Events in the Process Industry provides insights into emerging and state-of-the-art methods for the dynamic assessment of risk and safety barrier performance in the framework of domino effect risk management. The book presents methods and tools to manage the risk of cascading events involving the chemical and process industry. It is an ideal reference for both safety and security managers, industrial risk stakeholders, scientists and practitioners. In addition, laymen may find the state-of-the-art methods concerning domino effects (large-scale accidents) and how to prevent their propagation an interesting topic of study. Includes dynamic hazard and risk assessment methods Presents methods for safety barrier performance assessment Addresses the effect of harsh environment on domino risk assessment Relates physical security in relation to domino effects Includes innovative methods and tools

Domino Effect Its Prediction and Prevention

Domino Effect  Its Prediction and Prevention Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-07-09
ISBN : 0323915167
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Domino Effect: Its Prediction and Prevention, Volume Five in the Methods in Chemical Process Safety series, focuses on the process of learning from experience, including elements of process safety management, human factors in the chemical process industries, and the regulation of chemical process safety, including current approaches. Users will find this book to be an informative tool and user manual for process safety for a variety of professionals. This new release focuses on Domino effect – Case histories and accident statistics, the state-of-the-art in domino effect modeling, Fire Driven Domino Effect, Mitigation of Domino Effect, and much more. Acquaints readers/researchers with the fundamentals of process safety Provides the most recent advancements and contributions from a practical point-of-view Gives readers the views/opinions of experts on each topic

Physical Security in the Process Industry

Physical Security in the Process Industry Book
Author : Gabriele Landucci,Nima Khakzad,Genserik Reniers
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-01-30
ISBN : 044464055X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Physical Security in the Process Industry: Theory with Applications deals with physical security in the field of critical infrastructures where hazardous materials are a factor, along with the state-of-the-art thinking and modeling methods for enhancing physical security. The book offers approaches based on scientific insights, mainly addressing terrorist attacks. Moreover, the use of innovative techniques is explained, including Bayesian networks, game-theory and petri-networks. Dealing with economic parameters and constraints and calculating the costs and benefits of security measures are also included. The book will be of interest to security (and safety) scientists, security managers and the public at large. Discusses how to achieve inherent physical security using a scientific approach Explores how to take adequate add-on physical security measures Covers risk assessment tools and applications for practical use in the industry Demonstrates how to optimize security decisions using security models and approaches Considers economic aspects of security decisions

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book
Author : Valerio Cozzani,Giacomo Antonioni,Nima Khakzad,Faisal Khan,Jerome Taveau,Genserik Reniers
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-08
ISBN : 012808250X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The complexity of domino scenarios represented a considerable obstacle to the quantitative assessment of risk posed by escalation events. In the present chapter, the state of the art concerning quantitative approaches proposed for the assessment of risk caused by domino accidents is summarized. A procedure for the quantitative risk assessment of domino accidents, suitable for the calculation of individual and societal risk indexes, is outlined. Alternative approaches proposed for the quantitative assessment of domino effects, based on Bayesian techniques and Monte Carlo simulations, are also described.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book
Author : Valerio Cozzani,Alessandro Tugnoli,Sarah Bonvicini,Ernesto Salzano
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-08
ISBN : 0128082496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Escalation thresholds are widely used as a baseline approach to the assessment of the hazard posed by domino scenarios. These should be intended as conservative values of physical effects (thermal radiation, maximum overpressure, etc.) below which the escalation is deemed not credible. This chapter deals with this preliminary approach to domino hazard assessment, revising the values provided in the literature for escalation thresholds and providing suggested values based on recent results obtained in the revision of past accident data and in the modeling of equipment damage.

Loss Prevention and Safety Promotion in the Process Industries

Loss Prevention and Safety Promotion in the Process Industries Book
Author : O. Fredholm,A. Jacobsson,Hans J Pasman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-05-21
ISBN : 008053564X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains the Proceedings of the 10th International Syposium on Loss Prevention and Safety Promotion in the process industries. The main topics of the conference include; optimisation of operations within the framework of safety, health and environment; safety, health, environment management and performance indicators; risk management experience; safety, health and environment in design and modification of processes and plants; hazardous substance/materials properties; storage and transport of dangerous goods by road, rail, water and pipeline; the prevention, protection and mitigation, and modelling of accidental releases; topics of safety and environment in specific process industries; the impact of legislation and industry initiatives; development of methodology, e.g. of risk assessment.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book
Author : Genserik Reniers,Valerio Cozzani
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-08
ISBN : 0128082437
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first step in the assessment of domino accident scenarios is the definition of the basic elements of escalation resulting in a domino effect. In the present chapter, the fundamental elements of a domino accident are discussed. A generic and unambiguous definition for “domino effect” is provided, taking into consideration a myriad of definitions for the term that have been suggested since 1984. An approach is elaborated and discussed to allow drafting a comprehensive and full-scale categorization of events that may constitute a domino accident. The concepts of propagation and escalation are clarified. The possibility of simple, multiple-level and parallel propagation are introduced and discussed. A framework for the quantitative assessment of domino scenarios is provided.

Hazards and Safety in Process Industries

Hazards and Safety in Process Industries Book
Author : Mihir Kumar Purkait,Piyal Mondal,Murchana Changmai,Vikranth Volli,Chi-Min Shu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-03-23
ISBN : 100036240X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Safety in process industries is of utmost necessity to ensure protection from hazards. The aim of this book is to elucidate the hazards and preventive measures for a few of such specific industrial processes. Starting with overview of the prevalent industrial accidents, types of hazards and safety provisions, the book contains nineteen chapters with each one of them consisting of a unique case study comprising of basic causes, results and discussion, and protective measures to be adopted to overcome such situation. Topics covered include caprolactam storage tank accident, fire explosion accident caused by static electricity, and human factors risk and management in process safety and so forth. Aimed at researchers, professionals, graduate students in Chemical Engineering, Safety Management, Risk Assessment, Chemical Process Safety, this book: Provides exhaustive coverage of industrial case studies on their hazards and safety issues in the process industry set-up. Includes quantitative discussion on new and existing technologies and methodologies. Explores high quality descriptive and quantified data for better visualization of each chapter. Gives detailed description on various industrial accidents, their related consequences and available safety/preventive measures. Discusses preventive measures taken by world class industries in their production plants.

Risk Reliability and Safety Innovating Theory and Practice

Risk  Reliability and Safety  Innovating Theory and Practice Book
Author : Lesley Walls,Matthew Revie,Tim Bedford
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-11-25
ISBN : 1315349167
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The safe and reliable performance of many systems with which we interact daily has been achieved through the analysis and management of risk. From complex infrastructures to consumer durables, from engineering systems and technologies used in transportation, health, energy, chemical, oil, gas, aerospace, maritime, defence and other sectors, the management of risk during design, manufacture, operation and decommissioning is vital. Methods and models to support risk-informed decision-making are well established but are continually challenged by technology innovations, increasing interdependencies, and changes in societal expectations. Risk, Reliability and Safety contains papers describing innovations in theory and practice contributed to the scientific programme of the European Safety and Reliability conference (ESREL 2016), held at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland (25—29 September 2016). Authors include scientists, academics, practitioners, regulators and other key individuals with expertise and experience relevant to specific areas. Papers include domain specific applications as well as general modelling methods. Papers cover evaluation of contemporary solutions, exploration of future challenges, and exposition of concepts, methods and processes. Topics include human factors, occupational health and safety, dynamic and systems reliability modelling, maintenance optimisation, uncertainty analysis, resilience assessment, risk and crisis management.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book
Author : Genserik Reniers,Robby Faes
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-08
ISBN : 0128082534
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Managing domino effects in an industrial area is not an easy task. It requires multidisciplinary knowledge and know-how, an adequate mindset, eye for detail and for the big picture, a short-term as well as a long-term vision, thorough collaboration efforts, a generalistic perspective with specialist knowledge, and so on. Different domains need to be dealt with in relation to domino effects: technological issues, procedural requirements, and human factor topics. This chapter describes for each of these domains how they should be viewed with respect to internal and external domino effects, and provides recommendations on how management may/should tackle risks related to possible domino effects within a chemical industrial park.