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Dominance And Aggression In Humans And Other Animals

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Dominance and Aggression in Humans and Other Animals

Dominance and Aggression in Humans and Other Animals Book
Author : Henry R. Hermann
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-01-05
ISBN : 0128092955
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dominance and Aggression in Humans and Other Animals: The Great Game of Life examines human nature and the influence of evolution, genetics, chemistry, nurture, and the sociopolitical environment as a way of understanding how and why humans behave in aggressive and dominant ways. The book walks us through aggression in other social species, compares and contrasts human behavior to other animals, and then explores specific human behaviors like bullying, abuse, territoriality murder, and war. The book examines both individual and group aggression in different environments including work, school, and the home. It explores common stressors triggering aggressive behaviors, and how individual personalities can be vulnerable to, or resistant to, these stressors. The book closes with an exploration of the cumulative impact of human aggression and dominance on the natural world. Reviews the influence of evolution, genetics, biochemistry, and nurture on aggression Explores aggression in multiple species, including insects, fish, reptiles, birds, and mammals Compares human and animal aggressive and dominant behavior Examines bullying, abuse, territoriality, murder, and war Includes nonaggressive behavior in displays of respect and tolerance Highlights aggression triggers from drugs to stress Discusses individual and group behavior, including organizations and nations Probes dominance and aggression in religion and politics Translates the impact of human behavior over time on the natural world

Dominance and Aggression in Humans and Other Animals

Dominance and Aggression in Humans and Other Animals Book
Author : Henry R. Hermann
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-10-26
ISBN : 9780128053720
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dominance and Aggression in Humans and Other Animals: The Great Game of Life examines human nature and the influence of evolution, genetics, chemistry, nurture, and the sociopolitical environment as a way of understanding how and why humans behave in aggressive and dominant ways. The book walks us through aggression in other social species, compares and contrasts human behavior to other animals, and then explores specific human behaviors like bullying, abuse, territoriality murder, and war. The book examines both individual and group aggression in different environments including work, school, and the home. It explores common stressors triggering aggressive behaviors, and how individual personalities can be vulnerable to, or resistant to, these stressors. The book closes with an exploration of the cumulative impact of human aggression and dominance on the natural world. Reviews the influence of evolution, genetics, biochemistry, and nurture on aggression Explores aggression in multiple species, including insects, fish, reptiles, birds, and mammals Compares human and animal aggressive and dominant behavior Examines bullying, abuse, territoriality, murder, and war Includes nonaggressive behavior in displays of respect and tolerance Highlights aggression triggers from drugs to stress Discusses individual and group behavior, including organizations and nations Probes dominance and aggression in religion and politics Translates the impact of human behavior over time on the natural world

Coalitions and Alliances in Humans and Other Animals

Coalitions and Alliances in Humans and Other Animals Book
Author : Lecturer Department of Anthropology Alexander H Harcourt,Alexander H. Harcourt,Frans B. M. Waal,Frans B. M. de Waal,Frans de Waal
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores in detail how and why animals, including humans, cooperate with one another in conflicts with other members of their own species, and examines the difference such help makes to their lives and to the nature of the societies in which they live.

Aggression in Humans and Other Primates

Aggression in Humans and Other Primates Book
Author : Hans-Henning Kortüm,Jürgen Heinze
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release : 2013-01-01
ISBN : 3110291363
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this work aggression and conflict in man and other primates are interpreted in the light of evolutionary biology and game theory models. Unitl now interdisciplinary collaboration between the humanities and the natural sciences has been rare and hampered by different methodologies and terminology. Nevertheless, such cooperation is essential for elucidating the causes and consequences of aggression in humans and in explaining what shape aggression takes in particular situations. The aim of this volume is to present empirical and theoretical studies from biologists and social scientists to create an interdisciplinary framework for understanding aggression.

Aggression and Peacefulness in Humans and Other Primates

Aggression and Peacefulness in Humans and Other Primates Book
Author : James Silverberg,J. Patrick Gray
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 1992-03-19
ISBN : 9780195361230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the role of aggression in primate social systems and its implications for human behavior. Many people look to primate studies to see if and how we might be able to predict violent behavior in humans, or ultimately to control war. Of particular interest in the study of primate aggression are questions such as: how do primates use aggression to maintain social organization; what are the costs of aggression; why do some primates avoid aggressive behavior altogether. Students and researchers in primatology, behavioral biology, anthropology, and psychology will read with interest as the editors and contributors to this book address these and other basic research questions about aggression. They bring new information to the topic as well as an integrated view of aggression that combines important evolutionary considerations with developmental, sociological and cultural perspectives.

Are We Hardwired

Are We Hardwired  Book
Author : William R. Clark,Michael Grunstein
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2004-10-14
ISBN : 0190292318
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Books such as Richard Dawkins's The Selfish Gene have aroused fierce controversy by arguing for the powerful influence of genes on human behavior. But are we entirely at the mercy of our chromosomes? In Are We Hardwired?, scientists William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein say the answer is both yes--and no. The power and fascination of Are We Hardwired? lie in their explanation of that deceptively simple answer. Using eye-opening examples of genetically identical twins who, though raised in different families, have had remarkably parallel lives, the authors show that indeed roughly half of human behavior can be accounted for by DNA. But the picture is quite complicated. Clark and Grunstein take us on a tour of modern genetics and behavioral science, revealing that few elements of behavior depend upon a single gene; complexes of genes, often across chromosomes, drive most of our heredity-based actions. To illustrate this point, they examine the genetic basis, and quirks, of individual behavioral traits--including aggression, sexuality, mental function, eating disorders, alcoholism, and drug abuse. They show that genes and environment are not opposing forces; heredity shapes how we interpret our surroundings, which in turn changes the very structure of our brain. Clearly we are not simply puppets of either influence. Perhaps most interesting, the book suggests that the source of our ability to choose, to act unexpectedly, may lie in the chaos principle: the most minute differences during activation of a single neuron may lead to utterly unpredictable actions. This masterful account of the nature-nurture controversy--at once provocative and informative--answers some of our oldest questions in unexpected new ways

Social Dominance

Social Dominance Book
Author : Jim Sidanius,Felicia Pratto
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2001-02-12
ISBN : 9780521805407
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume focuses on two questions: why do people from one social group oppress and discriminate against people from other groups? and why is this oppression so mind numbingly difficult to eliminate? The answers to these questions are framed using the conceptual framework of social dominance theory. Social dominance theory argues that the major forms of intergroup conflict, such as racism, classism and patriarchy, are all basically derived from the basic human predisposition to form and maintain hierarchical and group-based systems of social organization. In essence, social dominance theory presumes that, beneath major and sometimes profound difference between different human societies, there is also a basic grammar of social power shared by all societies in common. We use social dominance theory in an attempt to identify the elements of this grammar and to understand how these elements interact and reinforce each other to produce and maintain group-based social hierarchy.

Aggression

Aggression Book
Author : Seymour Feshbach,Jolanta Zagrodzka
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 1461558832
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this volume leading international authorities present the results of their original scientific studies of aggressive behavior. Written in honor of the eminent Polish psychologist, Adam Fraczec, for this work in this area, the contributed chapters highlight the similarities and differences in the findings provided by investigators working in diverse cultural settings.

The Dynamics of Aggression

The Dynamics of Aggression Book
Author : Michael Potegal,John F. Knutson
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2013-06-17
ISBN : 1134758944
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aggression usually involves a sequence of behaviors, reflecting escalations and de-escalations in the form or intensity of the actions taken, which play out over time. This book provides a context in which social and biological research on the aggressive behaviors of human and non-human subjects, interacting in dyads or groups, can be compared and integrated. Implicit in this juxtaposition is the major question of whether general principles governing the dynamics of aggression within and between episodes may be discerned. Aggressive behavior is described at different levels of analysis in humans and a number of other animal species. Three basic views of aggression dynamics become apparent: * The economic interpretation: Aggression will be escalated when it pays one of the combatants to do so or, more generally, when the potential benefits outweigh the risks. Decisions to escalate or de-escalate are part of a calculated "strategy", in one or another sense. This interpretation is formalized within game theoretic models as applied to animal conflicts and to international conflicts, within the chapters of this text. * The psychological process interpretation: Emphasis is placed on psychological/physiological processes within the individual. The chapters stress the importance of acute emotional states of anger and aggressive arousal and argue the role of peripheral sympathetic activation, while proposing a central neural mechanism. Children escalating their tantrums, adult humans and animals of other species intensifying their interpersonal conflicts, national leaders going to a war footing all appear to suffer a narrowing of attention and progressive failure of cognitive function under the intensifying stress of conflict. Perhaps these changes in attention, sensory and cognitive functions, and risk taking reflect a "commitment to aggression" which is necessary for organisms to engage in potentially dangerous and painful encounters. * The emergent process interpretation: Escalation emerges in a spontaneous and dynamic way as the actions of one participant elicit reactions from the other(s).

Neurobiology of Social Behavior

Neurobiology of Social Behavior Book
Author : Michael Numan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-07-17
ISBN : 0123914752
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Social neuroscience is a rapidly growing, interdisciplinary field which is devoted to understanding how social behavior is regulated by the brain, and how such behaviors in turn influence brain and biology. Existing volumes either fail to take a neurobiological approach or focus on one particular type of behavior, so the field is ripe for a comprehensive reference which draws cross-behavioral conclusions. This authored work will serve as the market’s most comprehensive reference on the neurobiology of social behavior. The volume will offer an introduction to neural systems and genetics/epigenetics, followed by detailed study of a wide range of behaviors – aggression, sex and sexual differentiation, mating, parenting, social attachments, monogamy, empathy, cooperation, and altruism. Research findings on the neural basis of social behavior will be integrated across different levels of analysis, from molecular neurobiology to neural systems/behavioral neuroscience to fMRI imaging data on human social behavior. Chapters will cover research on both normal and abnormal behaviors, as well as developmental aspects. 2016 PROSE Category winner - Honorable Mention for Biomedicine and Neuroscience Presents neurobiological analysis of the full spectrum of social behaviors, while other volumes focus on one particular behavior Integrates and discusses research from different levels of analysis, including molecular/genetic, neural circuits and systems, and fMRI imaging research Covers both normal and abnormal behaviors Covers aggression, sex and sexual differentiation, mating, parenting, social attachments, empathy, cooperation, and altruism

Guidelines for the Care and Use of Mammals in Neuroscience and Behavioral Research

Guidelines for the Care and Use of Mammals in Neuroscience and Behavioral Research Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Committee on Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Neuroscience and Behavioral Research
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2003-08-22
ISBN : 9780309167857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Expanding on the National Research Council’s Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, this book deals specifically with mammals in neuroscience and behavioral research laboratories. It offers flexible guidelines for the care of these animals, and guidance on adapting these guidelines to various situations without hindering the research process. Guidelines for the Care and Use of Mammals in Neuroscience and Behavioral Research offers a more in-depth treatment of concerns specific to these disciplines than any previous guide on animal care and use. It treats on such important subjects as: The important role that the researcher and veterinarian play in developing animal protocols. Methods for assessing and ensuring an animal’s well-being. General animal-care elements as they apply to neuroscience and behavioral research, and common animal welfare challenges this research can pose. The use of professional judgment and careful interpretation of regulations and guidelines to develop performance standards ensuring animal well-being and high-quality research. Guidelines for the Care and Use of Mammals in Neuroscience and Behavioral Research treats the development and evaluation of animal-use protocols as a decision-making process, not just a decision. To this end, it presents the most current, in-depth information about the best practices for animal care and use, as they pertain to the intricacies of neuroscience and behavioral research.

Animal Behavior

Animal Behavior Book
Author : Michael D. Breed,Janice Moore
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-01-12
ISBN : 0128195622
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Animal Behavior, Third Edition covers animal behavior from its neurological underpinnings to the importance of behavior in conservation. The book's authors, Michael Breed and Janice Moore, bring almost 60 years of combined experience as university professors, much of that teaching animal behavior. Chapters cover this social behavior and the relationship between parasites, pathogens and behavior. Thoughtful coverage has also been given to foraging behavior, mating and parenting behavior, anti-predator behavior, and learning. The book addresses the physiological foundations of behavior in a way that is both accessible and inviting, with each chapter beginning with learning objectives and ending with thought-provoking questions. Additionally, special terms and definitions are highlighted throughout, making this book an essential work for students and academic seeking a foundation in the field. Provides a rich resource on animal science and behavior for students and professors from a wide range of life science disciplines Features updated and revised chapters, with new case studies and high-definition illustrations Highlights new focuses on animal welfare issues and companion animal behavior

War Peace and Human Nature

War  Peace  and Human Nature Book
Author : Douglas P. Fry
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2015-02
ISBN : 0190232463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The chapters in this book [posit] that humans clearly have the capacity to make war, but since war is absent in some cultures, it cannot be viewed as a human universal. And counter to frequent presumption, the actual archaeological record reveals the recent emergence of war. It does not typify the ancestral type of human society, the nomadic forager band, and contrary to widespread assumptions, there is little support for the idea that war is ancient or an evolved adaptation. Views of human nature as inherently warlike stem not from the facts but from cultural views embedded in Western thinking"--Amazon.com.

Personality Evolutionary Heritage and Human Distinctiveness

Personality  Evolutionary Heritage and Human Distinctiveness Book
Author : Arnold H. Buss
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2014-02-25
ISBN : 1317785126
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This innovative study focuses on seven inherent personality traits humans share with primates; activity, fearfulness, impulsivity, sociability, altruism, aggressiveness, and dominance. The author discusses these traits from the dual perspective of our evolutionary history and our human uniqueness.

MCAT Psychology and Sociology Review 3rd Edition

MCAT Psychology and Sociology Review  3rd Edition Book
Author : The Princeton Review
Publisher : Princeton Review
Release : 2018-11-20
ISBN : 0525567631
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

IF IT'S ON THE TEST, IT'S IN THIS BOOK. The Princeton Review’s MCAT Psychology and Sociology Review brings you everything you need to ace the Behavioral Sciences concepts on the MCAT, including a thorough content review and 3 full-length practice tests. Everything You Need to Know to Help Achieve a High Score. • In-depth coverage of the challenging psych/soc topics on this important test • Full-color illustrations, diagrams, and tables • Extensive glossary for handy reference • Bulleted chapter summaries for quick review Practice Your Way to Excellence. • 3 full-length practice tests online • End-of-chapter drills and explanations • MCAT-style practice passages and questions • Test-taking strategies geared toward psychology and sociology mastery GAIN MASTERY OF: • Psychology and Sociology Strategy for the MCAT • Behaviorial Neuroscience • Sensation, Perception, and Cognition • Psychological Disorders and Stress • Research Methods and Study Design • Sociological Theories and Social Institutions • Social Psychology

Men in Groups

Men in Groups Book
Author : Lionel Tiger
Publisher : Transaction Publishers
Release : 1971
ISBN : 1412828457
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Men in Groups book written by Lionel Tiger, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Aggression

Aggression Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011-11-09
ISBN : 0123808596
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genes interact with the environment, experience, and biology of the brain to shape an animal’s behavior. This latest volume in Advances in Genetics, organized according to the most widely used model organisms, describes the latest genetic discoveries in relation to neural circuit development and activity. Explores the latest topics in neural circuits and behavior research in zebrafish, drosophila, C.elegans, and mouse models Includes methods for testing with ethical, legal, and social implications Critically analyzes future prospects

The Animals of Spain

The Animals of Spain Book
Author : Abel Alves
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2011-07-14
ISBN : 9004193898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An overlooked area in the burgeoning field of animal studies is explored: the way nonhuman animals in the early modern Spanish empire were valued companions, as well as economic resources. Montaigne was not alone in his appreciation of animal life.

The Princeton Review Mcat

The Princeton Review Mcat Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 1101920548
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Princeton Review Mcat book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Humans and Other Animals

Humans and Other Animals Book
Author : Barbara Noske
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Humans and Other Animals book written by Barbara Noske, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.