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Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids Book
Author : Rajeev Kumar Chauhan,Kalpana Chauhan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-08-17
ISBN : 0128177756
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids: Integration, Challenges and Optimization unifies classically unconnected aspects of microgrids by considering them alongside economic analysis and stability testing. In addition, the book presents well-founded mathematical analyses on how to technically and economically optimize microgrids via distributed energy resource integration. Researchers and engineers in the power and energy sector will find this information useful for combined scientific and economical approaches to microgrid integration. Specific sections cover microgrid performance, including key technical elements, such as control design, stability analysis, power quality, reliability and resiliency in microgrid operation. Addresses the challenges related to the integration of renewable energy resources Includes examples of control algorithms adopted during integration Presents detailed methods of optimization to enhance successful integration

Operation of Distributed Energy Resources in Smart Distribution Networks

Operation of Distributed Energy Resources in Smart Distribution Networks Book
Author : Kazem Zare,Sayyad Nojavan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-06-05
ISBN : 0128148926
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Operation of Distributed Energy Resources in Smart Distribution Networks defines the barriers and challenges of smart distribution networks, ultimately proposing optimal solutions for addressing them. The book considers their use as an important part of future electrical power systems and their ability to improve the local flexibility and reliability of electrical systems. It carefully defines the concept as a radial network with a cluster of distributed energy generations, various types of loads, and energy storage systems. In addition, the book details how the huge penetration of distributed energy resources and the intermittent nature of renewable generations may cause system problems. Readers will find this to be an important resource that analyzes and introduces the features and problems of smart distribution networks from different aspects. Integrates different types of elements, including electrical vehicles, demand response programs, and various renewable energy sources in distribution networks Proposes optimal operational models for the short-term performance and scheduling of a distribution network Discusses the uncertainties of renewable resources and intermittent load in the decision-making process for distribution networks

Integration of Renewable Distributed Energy Resources Into Microgrids

Integration of Renewable Distributed Energy Resources Into Microgrids Book
Author : Rui Huang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although the existing traditional power grid can maintain an instantaneous balance between supply and demand, it is constantly facing many problems such as energy crisis, environmental pollution and instable centralized control mode. Regarding to these problems, pioneers have been making efforts in developing microgrid. One key driver of establishing the need of microgrid in research of smart grid is the renewable distributed energy resources. However, it is still challenging to properly integrate them. Primary limitations on renewable distributed energy resources include: intermittency and uncertainty, size and site-dependent, as well as information exchange standardization. In the thesis, author proposes several solutions to address the above-mentioned problems. It includes the study on current status of integration of renewable distributed energy sources into microgrids, the mathematical modeling of each renewable resource such as solar PV panel and wind turbine with energy storage management, the development of forecasting methods by auto-regressive moving average model and persistence method, the design and solution of the optimal sizing and placement of renewable distributed energy by genetic algorithm and nonlinear programming, as well as integration of IEC 61850 into the communication network of the microgrid as a standardization of information exchange. The approaches are performed and validated on three microgrid test beds, to support the fact that renewable distributed energy generation can be gradually and properly integrated into the power grid.

Stochastic Optimization for Distributed Energy Resources in Smart Grids

Stochastic Optimization for Distributed Energy Resources in Smart Grids Book
Author : Yuanxiong Guo,Yuguang Fang,Pramod P. Khargonekar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-06-21
ISBN : 3319595296
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This brief focuses on stochastic energy optimization for distributed energy resources in smart grids. Along with a review of drivers and recent developments towards distributed energy resources, this brief presents research challenges of integrating millions of distributed energy resources into the grid. The brief then proposes a novel three-level hierarchical architecture for effectively integrating distributed energy resources into smart grids. Under the proposed hierarchical architecture, distributed energy resource management algorithms at the three levels (i.e., smart home, smart neighborhood, and smart microgrid) are developed in this brief based on stochastic optimization that can handle the involved uncertainties in the system.

Distributed Energy Resources in Local Integrated Energy Systems

Distributed Energy Resources in Local Integrated Energy Systems Book
Author : Giorgio Graditi,Marialaura Di Somma
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-27
ISBN : 0128242140
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Distributed Energy Resources in Local Integrated Energy Systems: Optimal Operation and Planning reviews research and policy developments surrounding the optimal operation and planning of DER in the context of local integrated energy systems in the presence of multiple energy carriers, vectors and multi-objective requirements. This assessment is carried out by analyzing impacts and benefits at local levels, and in distribution networks and larger systems. These frameworks represent valid tools to provide support in the decision-making process for DER operation and planning. Uncertainties of RES generation and loads in optimal DER scheduling are addressed, along with energy trading and blockchain technologies. Interactions among various energy carriers in local energy systems are investigated in scalable and flexible optimization models for adaptation to a number of real contexts thanks to the wide variety of generation, conversion and storage technologies considered, the exploitation of demand side flexibility, emerging technologies, and through the general mathematical formulations established. Integrates multi-energy DER, including electrical and thermal distributed generation, demand response, electric vehicles, storage and RES in the context of local integrated energy systems Fosters the integration of DER in the electricity markets through the concepts of DER aggregation Addresses the challenges of emerging paradigms as energy communities and energy blockchain applications in the current and future energy landscape Proposes operation optimization models and methods through multi-objective approaches for fostering short- and long-run sustainability of local energy systems Assesses and models the uncertainties of renewable resources and intermittent loads in the short-term decision-making process for smart decentralized energy systems

Building an Effective Security Program for Distributed Energy Resources and Systems

Building an Effective Security Program for Distributed Energy Resources and Systems Book
Author : Mariana Hentea
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-04-06
ISBN : 1119070422
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Building an Effective Security Program for Distributed Energy Resources and Systems Build a critical and effective security program for DERs Building an Effective Security Program for Distributed Energy Resources and Systems requires a unified approach to establishing a critical security program for DER systems and Smart Grid applications. The methodology provided integrates systems security engineering principles, techniques, standards, and best practices. This publication introduces engineers on the design, implementation, and maintenance of a security program for distributed energy resources (DERs), smart grid, and industrial control systems. It provides security professionals with understanding the specific requirements of industrial control systems and real-time constrained applications for power systems. This book: Describes the cybersecurity needs for DERs and power grid as critical infrastructure Introduces the information security principles to assess and manage the security and privacy risks of the emerging Smart Grid technologies Outlines the functions of the security program as well as the scope and differences between traditional IT system security requirements and those required for industrial control systems such as SCADA systems Offers a full array of resources— cybersecurity concepts, frameworks, and emerging trends Security Professionals and Engineers can use Building an Effective Security Program for Distributed Energy Resources and Systems as a reliable resource that is dedicated to the essential topic of security for distributed energy resources and power grids. They will find standards, guidelines, and recommendations from standards organizations, such as ISO, IEC, NIST, IEEE, ENISA, ISA, ISACA, and ISF, conveniently included for reference within chapters.

Distributed Energy Resources Management 2018

Distributed Energy Resources Management 2018 Book
Author : Pedro Faria,Zita Vale
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-01-21
ISBN : 3039281704
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Special Issue Distributed Energy Resources Management 2018 includes 13 papers, and is a continuation of the Special Issue Distributed Energy Resources Management. The success of the previous edition shows the unquestionable relevance of distributed energy resources in the operation of power and energy systems at both the distribution level and at the wider power system level. Improving the management of distributed energy resources makes it possible to accommodate the higher penetration of intermittent distributed generation and electric vehicle charging. Demand response programs, namely the ones with a distributed nature, allow the consumers to contribute to the increased system efficiency while receiving benefits. This book addresses the management of distributed energy resources, with a focus on methods and techniques to achieve an optimized operation, in order to aggregate the resources namely in the scope of virtual power players and other types of aggregators, and to remunerate them. The integration of distributed resources in electricity markets is also addressed as an enabler for their increased and efficient use.

Integration of Renewable and Distributed Energy Resources in Power Systems

Integration of Renewable and Distributed Energy Resources in Power Systems Book
Author : Tomás Gómez San Román,José Pablo Chaves-Áila
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-02
ISBN : 303943487X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The electric power sector is poised for transformative changes. Improvements in the cost and performance of a range of distributed energy generation (DG) technologies and the potential for breakthroughs in distributed energy storage (DS) are creating new options for onsite power generation and storage, driving increasing adoption and impacting utility distribution system operations. In addition, changing uses and use patterns for electricity—from plug-in electric vehicles (EVs) to demand response (DR)—are altering demands placed on the electric power system. Finally, the infusion of new information and communications technology (ICT) into the electric system and its markets is enabling the collection of immense volumes of data on power sector operations and use; unprecedented control of generation, networks, and loads; and new opportunities for the delivery of energy services. In this Special Issue of Energies, research papers on topics related to the integration of distributed energy resources (DG, DS, EV, and DR) are included. From technologies to software tools to system-wide evaluations, the impacts of all aforementioned distributed resources on both operation and planning are examined.

Microgrid Design and Operation Toward Smart Energy in Cities

Microgrid Design and Operation  Toward Smart Energy in Cities Book
Author : Federico Delfino ,Renato Procopio,Mansueto Rossi,Massimo Brignone,Michela Robba,Stefano Bracco
Publisher : Artech House
Release : 2018-08-31
ISBN : 1630811513
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the growth of renewable energy sources, microgrids have become a key component in the distribution of power to localized areas while connected to the traditional grid or operating in a disconnected island mode. Based on the extensive real-world experience of the authors, this cutting-edge resource provides a basis for the design, installation, and day-by-day management of microgrids. Professionals find coverage of the critical aspects they need to understand, from the initial planning and the selection of the most appropriate technologies and equipment, to optimal management and real-time control. Moreover, this forward-looking book places emphasis on new architectures of the energy systems of the future. Written in accessible language with practical examples, the book explains advanced topics such as optimization algorithms for energy management systems, control issues for both on-grid and island mode, and microgrid protection. Practitioners are also provided with a complete vision for the deployment of the microgrid in smart cities.

Handbook of Distributed Generation

Handbook of Distributed Generation Book
Author : Ramesh Bansal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-07
ISBN : 3319513435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book features extensive coverage of all Distributed Energy Generation technologies, highlighting the technical, environmental and economic aspects of distributed resource integration, such as line loss reduction, protection, control, storage, power electronics, reliability improvement, and voltage profile optimization. It explains how electric power system planners, developers, operators, designers, regulators and policy makers can derive many benefits with increased penetration of distributed generation units into smart distribution networks. It further demonstrates how to best realize these benefits via skillful integration of distributed energy sources, based upon an understanding of the characteristics of loads and network configuration.

New Solutions for Smart Grids With High Penetration Distributed Energy Resources

New Solutions for Smart Grids With High Penetration Distributed Energy Resources Book
Author : Yang Li,Liang Chen,Chao Long
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-02-17
ISBN : 2889744116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Solutions for Smart Grids With High Penetration Distributed Energy Resources book written by Yang Li,Liang Chen,Chao Long, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Microgrid Technologies

Microgrid Technologies Book
Author : C. Sharmeela,P. Sivaraman,P. Sanjeevikumar,Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-04-13
ISBN : 1119710790
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microgrid technology is an emerging area, and it has numerous advantages over the conventional power grid. A microgrid is defined as Distributed Energy Resources (DER) and interconnected loads with clearly defined electrical boundaries that act as a single controllable entity concerning the grid. Microgrid technology enables the connection and disconnection of the system from the grid. That is, the microgrid can operate both in grid-connected and islanded modes of operation. Microgrid technologies are an important part of the evolving landscape of energy and power systems. Many aspects of microgrids are discussed in this volume, including, in the early chapters of the book, the various types of energy storage systems, power and energy management for microgrids, power electronics interface for AC & DC microgrids, battery management systems for microgrid applications, power system analysis for microgrids, and many others. The middle section of the book presents the power quality problems in microgrid systems and its mitigations, gives an overview of various power quality problems and its solutions, describes the PSO algorithm based UPQC controller for power quality enhancement, describes the power quality enhancement and grid support through a solar energy conversion system, presents the fuzzy logic-based power quality assessments, and covers various power quality indices. The final chapters in the book present the recent advancements in the microgrids, applications of Internet of Things (IoT) for microgrids, the application of artificial intelligent techniques, modeling of green energy smart meter for microgrids, communication networks for microgrids, and other aspects of microgrid technologies. Valuable as a learning tool for beginners in this area as well as a daily reference for engineers and scientists working in the area of microgrids, this is a must-have for any library.

Energy Management of Distributed Generation Systems

Energy Management of Distributed Generation Systems Book
Author : Lucian Mihet-Popa
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-07-13
ISBN : 9535124730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book contains 10 chapters, and it is divided into four sections. The first section includes three chapters, providing an overview of Energy Management of Distributed Systems. It outlines typical concepts, such as Demand-Side Management, Demand Response, Distributed, and Hierarchical Control for Smart Micro-Grids. The second section contains three chapters and presents different control algorithms, software architectures, and simulation tools dedicated to Energy Management Systems. In the third section, the importance and the role of energy storage technology in a Distribution System, describing and comparing different types of energy storage systems, is shown. The fourth section shows how to identify and address potential threats for a Home Energy Management System. Finally, the fifth section discusses about Economical Optimization of Operational Cost for Micro-Grids, pointing out the effect of renewable energy sources, active loads, and energy storage systems on economic operation.

Coordinated Operation of Distributed Energy Resources in Renewables Based Microgrids Under Uncertainties

Coordinated Operation of Distributed Energy Resources in Renewables Based Microgrids Under Uncertainties Book
Author : Walied Alharbi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, the share of renewable energy sources (RESs) has been increasing in the electricity generation mix with a mandate to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that are released from burning fossil fuels. Indeed, a large share of electricity from renewable resources is required to de-carbonize the electricity sector. With the evolution of smart grids and microgrids, effective and efficient penetration of renewable generation such as wind and solar can possibly be attained. However, the intermittent nature of wind and solar generation makes microgrid operation and planning a complex problem and there is a need for a flexible grid to cope with the variability and uncertainty in their generation profiles. This research focuses on the coordination of distributed energy resources, such as energy storage systems (ESSs) and demand response (DR) to present an efficient solution towards improving the flexibility of microgrids, and supporting high levels of renewables generation. The overall goal of this research is to examine the influence of coordinated operation of ESS and DR on microgrid operations in the presence of high penetration levels of renewable generation. Deterministic and stochastic short-term operational planning models are developed to analyze the effects of coordinating ESS and DR, vis-à-vis their independent operation, on microgrids with high renewable generation. Special focus is on operation costs, scheduling and dispatching of controllable distributed generators, and levels of renewable generation. A set of valid probabilistic scenarios is considered for the uncertainties of load, and intermittency in wind and solar generation sources. The numerical results considering a benchmark microgrid indicate that coordinated operation of ESS and DR is beneficial in terms of operation costs, vis-à-vis their independent presence in the microgrid, when there is sufficient renewable generation. The coordinated operation reduces the risk in scheduling and increases the flexibility of the microgrid in supporting high levels of renewable generation.

Microgrids

Microgrids Book
Author : Mònica Aragüés-Peñalba,Andreas Sumper
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-01-07
ISBN : 3039218689
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrical power systems are evolving at the generation, transmission, and distribution levels. At distribution level, small generating and storage units—the so-called distributed energy sources (DERs)—are being installed close to consumption sites. The expansion of DERs is empowering renewable energy source integration and, as a consequence, new actors are appearing in electrical systems. Among them, the prosumer is a game-changer; the fruit of the behavior transformation of the consumer who has not only the ability to consume power but also to produce it. Microgrids can be understood as DER installations that have the capability of both grid-connected and grid-isolated operation. During the last decades, there has been a significant deployment of microgrids (e.g., in countries like the United States, Switzerland, and Denmark) and a consequent increase in renewable energy generation. This is contributing to the decarbonization of electrical power systems. However, the variability and intermittency of renewable sources introduce uncertainty, which implies a more complex operation and control. Taking into account that existing and future planned microgrids are being/going to be interconnected to the current electrical network, challenges in terms of design, operation, and control at power system level need to be addressed, considering existing regulations.

Electrical Energy Efficiency

Electrical Energy Efficiency Book
Author : Andreas Sumper,Angelo Baggini
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-03-15
ISBN : 1119942063
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The improvement of electrical energy efficiency is fast becoming one of the most essential areas of sustainability development, backed by political initiatives to control and reduce energy demand. Now a major topic in industry and the electrical engineering research community, engineers have started to focus on analysis, diagnosis and possible solutions. Owing to the complexity and cross-disciplinary nature of electrical energy efficiency issues, the optimal solution is often multi-faceted with a critical solutions evaluation component to ensure cost effectiveness. This single-source reference brings a practical focus to the subject of electrical energy efficiency, providing detailed theory and practical applications to enable engineers to find solutions for electroefficiency problems. It presents power supplier as well as electricity user perspectives and promotes routine implementation of good engineering practice. Key features include: a comprehensive overview of the different technologies involved in electroefficiency, outlining monitoring and control concepts and practical design techniques used in industrial applications; description of the current standards of electrical motors, with illustrative case studies showing how to achieve better design; up-to-date information on standarization, technologies, economic realities and energy efficiency indicators (the main types and international results); coverage on the quality and efficiency of distribution systems (the impact on distribution systems and loads, and the calculation of power losses in distribution lines and in power transformers). With invaluable practical advice, this book is suited to practicing electrical engineers, design engineers, installation designers, M&E designers, and economic engineers. It equips maintenance and energy managers, planners, and infrastructure managers with the necessary knowledge to properly evaluate the wealth of electrical energy efficiency solutions for large investments. This reference also provides interesting reading material for energy researchers, policy makers, consultants, postgraduate engineering students and final year undergraduate engineering students.

Microgrid Dynamics and Control

Microgrid Dynamics and Control Book
Author : Hassan Bevrani,Bruno François,Toshifumi Ise
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-07-17
ISBN : 1119263670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

8.4.4.1 Virtual Synchronous Generator in Parallel with Synchronous Generator

Distributed Generation Systems

Distributed Generation Systems Book
Author : Gevork B. Gharehpetian,S. Mohammad Mousavi Agah
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2017-05-19
ISBN : 012804263X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Distributed Generation Systems: Design, Operation and Grid Integration closes the information gap between recent research on distributed generation and industrial plants, and provides solutions to their practical problems and limitations. It provides a clear picture of operation principles of distributed generation units, not only focusing on the power system perspective but targeting a specific need of the research community. This book is a useful reference for practitioners, featuring worked examples and figures on principal types of distributed generation with an emphasis on real-world examples, simulations, and illustrations. The book uses practical exercises relating to the concepts of operating and integrating DG units to distribution networks, and helps engineers accurately design systems and reduce maintenance costs. Provides examples and datasheets of principal systems and commercial data in MATLAB Presents guidance for accurate system designs and maintenance costs Identifies trouble shooting references for engineers Closes the information gap between recent research on distributed generation and industrial plants

Microgrids Design and Implementation

Microgrids Design and Implementation Book
Author : Antonio Carlos Zambroni de Souza,Miguel Castilla
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-29
ISBN : 3319986872
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the emerging trend of smart grids in power systems. It discusses the advent of smart grids and selected technical implications; further, by combining the perspectives of researchers from Europe and South America, the book captures the status quo of and approaches to smart grids in a wide range of countries. It describes the basic concepts, enabling readers to understand the theoretical aspects behind smart grid formation, while also examining current challenges and philosophical discussions. Like the industrial revolution and the birth of the Internet, smart grids are certain to change the way people use electricity. In this regard, a new term – the “prosumer” – is used to describe consumers who may sometimes also be energy producers. This is particularly appealing if we bear in mind that most of the distributed power generation in smart grids does not involve carbon emissions. At first glance, the option of generating their own power could move consumers to leave their current energy provider. Yet the authors argue that doing so is not a wise choice: utilities will play a central role in this new scenario and should not be ignored.

Integration of Distributed Energy Resources The CERTS Microgrid Concept

Integration of Distributed Energy Resources  The CERTS Microgrid Concept Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evolutionary changes in the regulatory and operational climate of traditional electric utilities and the emergence of smaller generating systems such as microturbines have opened new opportunities for on-site power generation by electricity users. In this context, distributed energy resources (DER)--small power generators typically located at users' sites where the energy (both electric and thermal) they generate is used--have emerged as a promising option to meet growing customer needs for electric power with an emphasis on reliability and power quality. The portfolio of DER includes generators, energy storage, load control, and, for certain classes of systems, advanced power electronic interfaces between the generators and the bulk power provider. This white paper proposes that the significant potential of smaller DER to meet customers' and utilities' needs can be best captured by organizing these resources into MicroGrids.