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Distributed Control Methods And Cyber Security Issues In Microgrids

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Distributed Control Methods and Cyber Security Issues in Microgrids

Distributed Control Methods and Cyber Security Issues in Microgrids Book
Author : Wenchao Meng,Xiaoyu Wang,Shichao Liu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-03-20
ISBN : 012816946X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Distributed Control and Cyber Security Issues in Microgrids presents a thorough treatment of distributed control methods and cyber security issues for power system researchers and engineers. With the help of mathematical tools, this reference gives a deep understanding of microgrids and new research directions, addressing emerging concepts, methodologies and applications of monitoring, control and protection in smart microgrids with large-scale renewables. With the integration of more distributed or aggregated renewables and the wide utilization of power electronic devices, the smart microgrid is facing new stability and security challenges.

Distributed Control Methods and Cyber Security Issues in Microgrids

Distributed Control Methods and Cyber Security Issues in Microgrids Book
Author : Wenchao Meng,Xiaoyu Wang,Shichao Liu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-03-22
ISBN : 0128169478
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Distributed Control and Cyber Security Issues in Microgrids presents a thorough treatment of distributed control methods and cyber security issues for power system researchers and engineers. With the help of mathematical tools, this reference gives a deep understanding of microgrids and new research directions, addressing emerging concepts, methodologies and applications of monitoring, control and protection in smart microgrids with large-scale renewables. With the integration of more distributed or aggregated renewables and the wide utilization of power electronic devices, the smart microgrid is facing new stability and security challenges. Includes global case studies to demonstrate distributed control success stories Offers detailed illustrations and flowcharts to address challenges and technical solutions for those working in power systems in utilities and industry Showcases new challenges faced in the stability and security of smart microgrids

Modeling and Control of Static Converters for Hybrid Storage Systems

Modeling and Control of Static Converters for Hybrid Storage Systems Book
Author : Fekik, Arezki,Benamrouche, Nacereddine
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2021-09-17
ISBN : 1799874494
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The energy transition initiated in recent years has enabled the growing integration of renewable production into the energy mix. Microgrids make it possible to maximize the efficiency of energy transmission from source to consumer by bringing the latter together geographically and by reducing losses linked to transport. However, the lack of inertia and the micro-grid support system makes it weak, and energy storage is necessary to ensure its proper functioning. Current storage technologies do not make it possible to provide both a large capacity of energy and power at the same time. Hybrid storage is a solution that combines the advantages of several technologies and reduces their disadvantages. Modeling and Control of Static Converters for Hybrid Storage Systems covers the modeling, control theorems, and optimization techniques that solve many scientific problems for researchers in the field of power converter control for renewable energy hybrid storage and places particular emphasis on the modeling and control of static converters for hybrid storage systems. Covering topics ranging from energy storage to power generation, this book is ideal for automation engineers, electrical engineers, mechanical engineers, professionals, scientists, academicians, master's and doctoral students, and researchers in the disciplines of electrical and mechanical engineering.

Microgrids

Microgrids Book
Author : Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam,Hamdi Abdi,Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo,Nikos Hatziargyriou
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-16
ISBN : 3030597504
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview on the latest developments in the control, operation, and protection of microgrids. It provides readers with a solid approach to analyzing and understanding the salient features of modern control and operation management techniques applied to these systems, and presents practical methods with examples and case studies from actual and modeled microgrids. The book also discusses emerging concepts, key drivers and new players in microgrids, and local energy markets while addressing various aspects from day-ahead scheduling to real-time testing of microgrids. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers who are focused on control concepts, AC, DC, and AC/DC microgrids, as well as those working in the related areas of energy engineering, operations research and its applications to energy systems. Presents modern operation, control and protection techniques with applications to real world and emulated microgrids; Discusses emerging concepts, key drivers and new players in microgrids and local energy markets; Addresses various aspects from day-ahead scheduling to real-time testing of microgrids.

Energy Internet and We Energy

Energy Internet and We Energy Book
Author : Qiuye Sun
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-12
ISBN : 9811305234
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the framework and implementation of energy integration systems with energy and smart-control technologies. It describes in detail We-Energy, a novel energy interaction mode based on a cyber-physical-economy-energy model, which can be adopted to solve the problem of energy supply and utilization. It then analyzes the key devices and technologies for developing the Energy Internet, such as converters, energy-conversion devices, system-level connection devices, optimization control strategies, cyber-physical system security, energy-system stability, communication technologies’ operating modes and distributed optimization algorithms, to enable readers to gain a comprehensive understanding of the topic. Lastly, it offers an outlook on the development of the Energy Internet, providing a reference for cross-integration between different disciplines. The book is an indispensable resource for power enterprises, manufacturers in the power-supply industry, and researchers in the field of Energy Internet application. It is also useful for university and college teachers and students seeking to deepen their understanding of the Energy Internet, as well as for readers interested in the Energy Internet correlation techniques.

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids Book
Author : Rajeev Kumar Chauhan,Kalpana Chauhan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-08-17
ISBN : 0128177756
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids: Integration, Challenges and Optimization unifies classically unconnected aspects of microgrids by considering them alongside economic analysis and stability testing. In addition, the book presents well-founded mathematical analyses on how to technically and economically optimize microgrids via distributed energy resource integration. Researchers and engineers in the power and energy sector will find this information useful for combined scientific and economical approaches to microgrid integration. Specific sections cover microgrid performance, including key technical elements, such as control design, stability analysis, power quality, reliability and resiliency in microgrid operation. Addresses the challenges related to the integration of renewable energy resources Includes examples of control algorithms adopted during integration Presents detailed methods of optimization to enhance successful integration

Microgrid Architectures Control and Protection Methods

Microgrid Architectures  Control and Protection Methods Book
Author : Naser Mahdavi Tabatabaei,Ersan Kabalci,Nicu Bizon
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-08-01
ISBN : 3030237230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents intuitive explanations of the principles of microgrids, including their structure and operation and their applications. It also discusses the latest research on microgrid control and protection technologies and the essentials of microgrids as well as enhanced communication systems. The book provides solutions to microgrid operation and planning issues using various methodologies including planning and modelling; AC and DC hybrid microgrids; energy storage systems in microgrids; and optimal microgrid operational planning. Written by specialists, it is filled in innovative solutions and research related to microgrid operation, making it a valuable resource for those interested in developing updated approaches in electric power analysis, design and operational strategies. Thanks to its in-depth explanations and clear, three-part structure, it is useful for electrical engineering students, researchers and technicians.

Exploring Cyber Security Issues and Solutions for Various Components of DC Microgrid System

Exploring Cyber Security Issues and Solutions for Various Components of DC Microgrid System Book
Author : Sultana Razia Akhter
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nowadays, considering the growing demand for the DC loads and simplified interface with renewable power generation sources, DC microgrids could be cost effective solution for the power supply in small scale area. the supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system maintain the bidirectional power communication through the internet connectivity with the microgrid. However, this intelligent and interactive feature may pose a cyber-security threat to the power grid. this work aims to exploring cyber-security issues and their solutions for the DC microgrid system. To mitigate the adverse effects of various cyber-attacks such as the False Data Injection (FDI) attack, Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack etc., two new techniques based on non-linear and proportional-integral (PI) controllers have been proposed. Simulation results obtained from MATLAB/Simulink software demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methods in mitigating the adverse effects of cyber-attacks on the DCMG system performance. .

Networked Microgrids

Networked Microgrids Book
Author : Peng Zhang
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-04-30
ISBN : 1108497659
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discover scalable, dependable, intelligent solutions for integrating complex networked microgrids with this definitive guide. Combining resilient control, fast programmable networking, reachability analysis, and cyber-physical security, this is essential reading for researchers, professional engineers, and graduate students.

Microgrid

Microgrid Book
Author : Magdi S Mahmoud
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-10-24
ISBN : 0081012624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microgrids: Advanced Control Methods and Renewable Energy System Integration demonstrates the state-of-art of methods and applications of microgrid control, with eleven concise and comprehensive chapters. The first three chapters provide an overview of the control methods of microgrid systems that is followed by a review of distributed control and management strategies for the next generation microgrids. Next, the book identifies future research directions and discusses the hierarchical power sharing control in DC Microgrids. Chapter 4 investigates the demand side management in microgrid control systems from various perspectives, followed by an outline of the operation and controls of the smart microgrids in Chapter 5. Chapter 6 deals with control of low-voltage microgrids with master/slave architecture. The final chapters explain the load-Frequency Controllers for Distributed Power System Generation Units and the issue of robust control design for VSIs, followed by a communication solution denoted as power talk. Finally, in Chapter 11, real-time implementation of distributed control for an autonomous microgrid system is performed. Addresses issues of contemporary interest to practitioners in the power engineering and management fields Focuses on the role of microgrids within the overall power system structure and attempts to clarify the main findings relating to primary and secondary control and management at the microgrid level Provides results from a quantified assessment of benefits from economic, environmental, operational, and social point-of-views Presents the hierarchical control levels manifested in microgrid operations and evaluates the principles and main functions of centralized and decentralized control

Secure Control of Networked Control Systems and Its Applications

Secure Control of Networked Control Systems and Its Applications Book
Author : Dong Yue,Songlin Hu,Zihao Cheng
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-02-15
ISBN : 981336730X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book shows some secure control methods of networked control systems related to linear control system, nonlinear control system, multi-agent system and its applications in power systems. The proposed secure control methods provide some useful results about modeling of network attacks, resilient analysis and synthesis methods, active defense control method.The contents of this book are lists as followings. (1) Modeling of DoS attacks, deception attacks and replay attacks; (2)Secure control methods are proposed by combing delay system method, switched system method and event-based control method. (3) Active control methods are proposed by using model-predictive control and redundant control. (4) The proposed control methods are applied to the security problem of power system.The methods of this book include DoS attacks modeling such as, periodic jamming attack model,model-based average dwell time model, deception attack modeling and relay attack modeling; piece-wise Lyapunov-Krasoviskiifunctional method, stochastic control method; the results including resilient conditions of networked control system and related resilient control design method with linear matrix inequalities(LMIs).From this book, readers can learn about the general network attack modeling methods, resilient analysis and synthesis methods, active control methods from viewpoint of redundancy control, and secure conditions of power systems.Some fundamental knowledge prepared to read this book includes delay system theory, event triggered mechanism, T-S fuzzy system theory and frequency/voltage control of power system.

Microgrid Cyberphysical Systems

Microgrid Cyberphysical Systems Book
Author : Bidyadhar Subudhi,Pravat Kumar Ray
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-06-14
ISBN : 0323983995
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microgrid Cyberphysical Systems: Renewable Energy and Plug-in Vehicle Integration outlines the fundamental concepts on microgrid system design and control in a cyberphysical framework, focusing on the integration of renewables and EVs into microgrids. Including operational, control and management perspectives, the volume aims to optimize the reliability and economic performance of microgrids, focusing on power quality, storage and voltage and frequency control. The work encompasses generation, transmission, protection and load management under uncertainty and discusses critical drivers in robustness, uncertainty and sustainability management. Focusing on applied implementations, chapters are supported by detailed methods, heavy figurative explication, and comparative and integrative analysis. Case studies range across chapters. In addition, chapters are supported by representative experimental or test bed validations of proposed algorithms or methods which can be directly applied to reader problems. Provides advanced controller methodologies to efficiently optimize the operation of microgrids with high levels of connected renewable generators and electric vehicles Explores powerful approaches for the prevention of cyberattacks in microgrid systems Addresses design issues for power quality filters suitable for microgrid robustness, uncertainty and sustainability handling Includes field-tested methods, heavy case studies and an implementation focus with supporting experimental or test bed validations of proposed algorithms or methods in MATLAB

From Smart Grid to Internet of Energy

From Smart Grid to Internet of Energy Book
Author : Ersan Kabalci,Yasin Kabalci
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-07-30
ISBN : 0128197110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From Smart Grid to Internet of Energy covers novel and emerging metering and monitoring technologies, communication systems, and technologies in smart grid areas to present a valuable reference for readers from various engineering backgrounds. Considering relevant topics on the essentials of smart grids and emerging wireless communication systems, such as IEEE 802.15.4 based novel technologies, cognitive radio networks and Internet of Energy, this book offers a discussion on the emerging trends and research direction for communication technologies. The book includes research concepts and visualization of smart grids and related communication technologies, making it a useful book for practicing network engineers. Includes global case studies and examples of communications systems integrated with smart grids Presents literature surveys for a wide variety of smart grids, wired and wireless communication technologies, big data, privacy and security Covers all aspects of IoE systems and discusses the differences between IoE and Smart Grids

Power Systems Resilience

Power Systems Resilience Book
Author : Naser Mahdavi Tabatabaei,Sajad Najafi Ravadanegh,Nicu Bizon
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-16
ISBN : 3319944428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents intuitive explanations of the principles and applications of power system resiliency, as well as a number of straightforward and practical methods for the impact analysis of risk events on power system operations. It also describes the challenges of modelling, distribution networks, optimal scheduling, multi-stage planning, deliberate attacks, cyber-physical systems and SCADA-based smart grids, and how to overcome these challenges. Further, it highlights the resiliency issues using various methods, including strengthening the system against high impact events with low frequency and the fast recovery of the system properties. A large number of specialists have collaborated to provide innovative solutions and research in power systems resiliency. They discuss the fundamentals and contemporary materials of power systems resiliency, theoretical and practical issues, as well as current issues and methods for controlling the risk attacks and other threats to AC power systems. The book includes theoretical research, significant results, case studies, and practical implementation processes to offer insights into electric power and engineering and energy systems. Showing how systems should respond in case of malicious attacks, and helping readers to decide on the best approaches, this book is essential reading for electrical engineers, researchers and specialists. The book is also useful as a reference for undergraduate and graduate students studying the resiliency and reliability of power systems.

Research Anthology on Smart Grid and Microgrid Development

Research Anthology on Smart Grid and Microgrid Development Book
Author : Information Resources Management Association
Publisher : Engineering Science Reference
Release : 2021-09-24
ISBN : 9781668436660
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This reference book covers the latest innovations and trends within smart grid and microgrid development, detailing benefits, challenges, and opportunities, that will help readers to fully understand the current opportunities that smart grids and microgrids present around the world"--

Control and Optimization of Distributed Generation Systems

Control and Optimization of Distributed Generation Systems Book
Author : Magdi S. Mahmoud,Fouad M. AL-Sunni
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-05-14
ISBN : 3319169106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text is an introduction to the use of control in distributed power generation. It shows the reader how reliable control can be achieved so as to realize the potential of small networks of diverse energy sources, either singly or in coordination, for meeting concerns of energy cost, energy security and environmental protection. The book demonstrates how such microgrids, interconnecting groups of generating units and loads within a local area, can be an effective means of balancing electrical supply and demand. It takes advantage of the ability to connect and disconnect microgrids from the main body of the power grid to give flexibility in response to special events, planned or unplanned. In order to capture the main opportunities for expanding the power grid and to present the plethora of associated open problems in control theory Control and Optimization of Distributed Generation Systems is organized to treat three key themes, namely: system architecture and integration; modelling and analysis; and communications and control. Each chapter makes use of examples and simulations and appropriate problems to help the reader study. Tools helpful to the reader in accessing the mathematical analysis presented within the main body of the book are given in an appendix. Control and Optimization of Distributed Generation Systems will enable readers new to the field of distributed power generation and networked control, whether experienced academic migrating from another field or graduate student beginning a research career, to familiarize themselves with the important points of the control and regulation of microgrids. It will also be useful for practising power engineers wishing to keep abreast of changes in power grids necessitated by the diversification of generating methods.

Integration of AC DC Microgrids into Power Grids

Integration of AC DC Microgrids into Power Grids Book
Author : Fazel Mohammadi
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-02
ISBN : 3039361805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

AC/DC Microgrids are a small part of low voltage distribution networks that are located far from power substations, and are interconnected through the point of common coupling to power grids. These systems are important keys for the flexible, techno-economic, and environmental-friendly generation of units for the reliable operation and cost-effective planning of smart electricity grids. Although AC/DC microgrids, with the integration of renewable energy resources and other energy systems, such as power-to-gas, combined heat and power, combined cooling heat and power, power-to-heat, power-to-vehicle, pump and compressed air storage, have several advantages, there are some technical aspects that must be addressed. This Special Issue aims to study the configuration, impacts, and prospects of AC/DC microgrids that enable enhanced solutions for intelligent and optimized electricity systems, energy storage systems, and demand-side management in power grids with an increasing share of distributed energy resources. It includes AC/DC microgrid modeling, simulation, control, operation, protection, dynamics, planning, reliability and security, as well as considering power quality improvement, load forecasting, market operations, energy conversion, cyber/physical security, supervisory and monitoring, diagnostics and prognostics systems.

Microgrids

Microgrids Book
Author : Nikos Hatziargyriou
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-03-03
ISBN : 1118720687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microgrids are the most innovative area in the electric power industry today. Future microgrids could exist as energy-balanced cells within existing power distribution grids or stand-alone power networks within small communities. A definitive presentation on all aspects of microgrids, this text examines the operation of microgrids – their control concepts and advanced architectures including multi-microgrids. It takes a logical approach to overview the purpose and the technical aspects of microgrids, discussing the social, economic and environmental benefits to power system operation. The book also presents microgrid design and control issues, including protection and explaining how to implement centralized and decentralized control strategies. Key features: original, state-of-the-art research material written by internationally respected contributors unique case studies demonstrating success stories from real-world pilot sites from Europe, the Americas, Japan and China examines market and regulatory settings for microgrids, and provides evaluation results under standard test conditions a look to the future – technical solutions to maximize the value of distributed energy along with the principles and criteria for developing commercial and regulatory frameworks for microgrids Offering broad yet balanced coverage, this volume is an entry point to this very topical area of power delivery for electric power engineers familiar with medium and low voltage distribution systems, utility operators in microgrids, power systems researchers and academics. It is also a useful reference for system planners and operators, manufacturers and network operators, government regulators, and postgraduate power systems students. CONTRIBUTORS Thomas Degner Aris Dimeas Alfred Engler Nuno Gil Asier Gil de Muro Guillermo Jiménez-Estévez George Kariniotakis George Korres André Madureira Meiqin Mao Chris Marnay Jose Miguel Yarza Satoshi Morozumi Alexander Oudalov Frank van Overbeeke Rodrigo Palma Behnke Joao Abel Pecas Lopes Fernanda Resende John Romankiewicz Christine Schwaegerl Nikos Soultanis Liang Tao Antonis Tsikalakis

Model Predictive Control of Microgrids

Model Predictive Control of Microgrids Book
Author : Carlos Bordons,Félix Garcia-Torres,Miguel A. Ridao
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-09-12
ISBN : 3030245705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book shows how the operation of renewable-energy microgrids can be facilitated by the use of model predictive control (MPC). It gives readers a wide overview of control methods for microgrid operation at all levels, ranging from quality of service, to integration in the electricity market. MPC-based solutions are provided for the main control issues related to energy management and optimal operation of microgrids. The authors present MPC techniques for case studies that include different renewable sources – mainly photovoltaic and wind – as well as hybrid storage using batteries, hydrogen and supercapacitors. Experimental results for a pilot-scale microgrid are also presented, as well as simulations of scheduling in the electricity market and integration of electric and hybrid vehicles into the microgrid. in order to replicate the examples provided in the book and to develop and validate control algorithms on existing or projected microgrids. Model Predictive Control of Microgrids will interest researchers and practitioners, enabling them to keep abreast of a rapidly developing field. The text will also help to guide graduate students through processes from the conception and initial design of a microgrid through its implementation to the optimization of microgrid management. Advances in Industrial Control reports and encourages the transfer of technology in control engineering. The rapid development of control technology has an impact on all areas of the control discipline. The series offers an opportunity for researchers to present an extended exposition of new work in all aspects of industrial control.

Cyber Physical Microgrids

Cyber Physical Microgrids Book
Author : Yan Li
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-11-21
ISBN : 303080724X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook provides students with an overview of cyber-physical microgrid networks and an in-depth introduction to photovoltaics, batteries, flywheel, supercapacitor, micro-turbines, wind generation, power-electronic interfaces, modeling and stability analysis of microgrids, and cyber-communication networks and security. The text helps upper-level undergraduate and graduate students gain a foundational understanding of microgrids and renewable energy, and offers an introduction to the frontier of theoretical research and practical applications of cyber-physical systems, paving the way to uncover and understand the operational mechanism of cyber-physical microgrids. The book includes examples and test systems throughout for problem-solving and will be an essential resource for students, researchers, and professionals in power engineering.