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Disorders Of Consciousness

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Coma and Disorders of Consciousness

Coma and Disorders of Consciousness Book
Author : Caroline Schnakers,Steven Laureys
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-01
ISBN : 3319559648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This revised and expanded second edition discusses the assessment and treatment of patients recovering from coma and disorders of consciousness. Besides diagnostic, prognostic and ethical issues, this book describes well-established techniques and procedures, and also techniques under development. New chapters include consciousness theories, issues relating to long-term care, and neuromodulation treatments. Coma and Disorders of Consciousness, Second Edition is a comprehensive review of the field for clinicians and researchers, regardless of whether they are already familiar with the difficult but exciting field of disorders of consciousness.

Management of Adults With Traumatic Brain Injury

Management of Adults With Traumatic Brain Injury Book
Author : David B. Arciniegas,Nathan D. Zasler,Rodney D. Vanderploeg,Michael S. Jaffee
Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
Release : 2013-04-03
ISBN : 158562988X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a public health issue of worldwide proportions, affecting motorists, victims of interpersonal violence, athletes, military service members, and Veterans, among others. Management of Adults with Traumatic Brain Injury provides evidence-informed guidance on the core topics in brain injury medicine, including the epidemiology and pathophysiology of TBI, the medical evaluation and neuropsychological assessment of persons with TBI, and the common cognitive, emotional, behavioral, and other neurological disturbances for which persons with TBI and their families seek clinical care. The volume offers many useful features to its readers, including: Chapters written by an internationally known group of editors and contributors offering cutting-edge, multidisciplinary perspectives in brain injury medicine. Guidance on the identification and management of early and late postinjury neuropsychiatric disturbances as well as their psychological and psychosocial consequences. Identification of special issues relevant to the evaluation and treatment of TBI and postconcussive symptoms among military service members, and Veterans. Discussion of the ethics and methods of forensic assessment of persons with TBI. Key Clinical Points that highlight concepts, assessment issues, and clinical management strategies in each chapter. A wealth of tables and figures to enhance the accessibility and clinical utility of the book, as well as appendices of additional readings and relevant websites for persons and families affected by TBI and the clinicians providing their care. Impressive breadth and depth of coverage, logical structure, clinically rich detail, and concise presentation make Management of Adults with Traumatic Brain Injury a must-read for every physician, nurse, and mental health practitioner working to improve the lives of persons with TBI.

The Neurology of Consciousness

The Neurology of Consciousness Book
Author : Steven Laureys,Olivia Gosseries,Giulio Tononi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-08-12
ISBN : 0128011750
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of The Neurology of Consciousness is a comprehensive update of this ground-breaking work on human consciousness, the first book in this area to summarize the neuroanatomical and functional underpinnings of consciousness by emphasizing a lesional approach offered by the study of neurological patients. Since the publication of the first edition in 2009, new methodologies have made consciousness much more accessible scientifically, and, in particular, the study of disorders, disruptions, and disturbances of consciousness has added tremendously to our understanding of the biological basis of human consciousness. The publication of a new edition is both critical and timely for continued understanding of the field of consciousness. In this critical and timely update, revised and new contributions by internationally renowned researchers—edited by the leaders in the field of consciousness research—provide a unique and comprehensive focus on human consciousness. The new edition of The Neurobiology of Consciousness will continue to be an indispensable resource for researchers and students working on the cognitive neuroscience of consciousness and related disorders, as well as for neuroscientists, psychologists, psychiatrists, and neurologists contemplating consciousness as one of the philosophical, ethical, sociological, political, and religious questions of our time. New chapters on the neuroanatomical basis of consciousness and short-term memory, and expanded coverage of comas and neuroethics, including the ethics of brain death The first comprehensive, authoritative collection to describe disorders of consciousness and how they are used to study and understand the neural correlates of conscious perception in humans. Includes both revised and new chapters from the top international researchers in the field, including Christof Koch, Marcus Raichle, Nicholas Schiff, Joseph Fins, and Michael Gazzaniga

Neurogenic Dysphagia

Neurogenic Dysphagia Book
Author : Tobias Warnecke,Rainer Dziewas,Susan Langmore
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-05
ISBN : 3030421406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a clinical manual that covers the whole spectrum of swallowing and its disorders. It starts with physiology of swallowing, pathophysiology of disordered deglutition, diagnostic methods (clinical and instrumental) and ends with an in-depth’s and up-to-date presentation of current treatment options. The clinically most relevant topics of dysphagia management on the stroke unit and the intensive care unit are dealt with in separate chapters. Also the closely intertwined issue of nutritional management is specifically addressed. Most importantly, the book covers all obligatory topics of the Flexible Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing (FEES)-curriculum, an educational initiative that started in Germany in 2014 and is currently being extended to other European and non-European countries. The book is richly illustrated and an online video section provides a number of typical patient cases. FEES is probably the most commonly chosen method for the objective assessment of swallowing and its disorders. It is used in stroke units, intensive care facilities, geriatric wards but also in rehabilitation clinics and within dedicated outpatient services. This book on neurogenic dysphagia therefore addresses a wide range of different medical disciplines, such as neurologists, geriatricians, intensive care physicians, rehabilitation physicians, gastroenterologists, otolaryngologists, phoniatrists and also speech-language pathologists.

Clinical Pathways in Stroke Rehabilitation

Clinical Pathways in Stroke Rehabilitation Book
Author : Thomas Platz
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-01-14
ISBN : 3030585050
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book focuses on practical clinical problems that are frequently encountered in stroke rehabilitation. Consequences of diseases, e.g. impairments and activity limitations, are addressed in rehabilitation with the overall goal to reduce disability and promote participation. Based on the available best external evidence, clinical pathways are described for stroke rehabilitation bridging the gap between clinical evidence and clinical decision-making. The clinical pathways answer the questions which rehabilitation treatment options are beneficial to overcome specific impairment constellations and activity limitations and are well acceptable to stroke survivors, as well as when and in which settings to provide rehabilitation over the course of recovery post stroke. Each chapter starts with a description of the clinical problem encountered. This is followed by a systematic, but concise review of the evidence (RCTs, systematic reviews and meta-analyses) that is relevant for clinical decision-making, and comments on assessment, therapy (training, technology, medication), and the use of technical aids as appropriate. Based on these summaries, clinical algorithms / pathways are provided and the main clinical-decision situations are portrayed. The book is invaluable for all neurorehabilitation team members, clinicians, nurses, and therapists in neurology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and related fields. It is a World Federation for NeuroRehabilitation (WFNR) educational initiative, bridging the gap between the rapidly expanding clinical research in stroke rehabilitation and clinical practice across societies and continents. It can be used for both clinical decision-making for individuals and as well as clinical background knowledge for stroke rehabilitation service development initiatives.

The Comatose Patient

The Comatose Patient Book
Author : Eelco F. M. Wijdicks
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0199331219
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is an overview of the concepts of consciousness and unconsciousness, covering all aspects of coma. It includes principles of neurologic examination of comatose patients as well as instruction of the FOUR Score coma scale, and also discusses landmark legal cases and ethical problems. It includes coverage of the interpretation of neuroimaging and its role in daily practice and decision making, as well as management in the emergency room and ICU, and details long-term supportive care and an appropriate approach to communication with family members about end-of-life decision making.

Imaging Acute Neurologic Disease

Imaging Acute Neurologic Disease Book
Author : Massimo Filippi,Jack H. Simon
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-09-11
ISBN : 1107035945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Acute neurologic diseases encompass a wide spectrum of medical illnesses with neurological manifestations which require rapid clinical, paraclinical and laboratory evaluation as patients are evaluated in the emergency department or acute care clinics. In the last decade, imaging has assumed far greater importance in the initial assessment of these patients, and is responsible for much of the cost and resources in the early, critical evaluation. However the optimal approach to utilization of imaging for thorough, yet efficient and cost-responsible care remains poorly defined for many acute neurologic presentations"--Provided by publisher.

Disorders of Consciousness

Disorders of Consciousness Book
Author : Kamil Hakan Dogan
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-03-04
ISBN : 1789853079
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Consciousness is a state of being awake and aware of one's self and surroundings according to the American Academy of Neurology. A conscious person is aware of things through thoughts and the five senses: sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. In disorders of consciousness, the patient has trouble being awake, or being aware, or both. Thanks to advances in science and technology, we learn new information about diseases every day. This book includes current approaches to some important issues related to disorders of consciousness.

Questions for the Final FFICM Viva

Questions for the Final FFICM Viva Book
Author : Kate Flavin,Clare Morkane
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-03-08
ISBN : 1108401422
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An essential, up-to-date and evidence-based revision guide designed in the style of the Final FFICM structured oral examination.

Plum and Posner s Diagnosis and Treatment of Stupor and Coma

Plum and Posner s Diagnosis and Treatment of Stupor and Coma Book
Author : Jerome B. Posner,Clifford B. Saper,Nicholas D. Schiff,Jan Claassen
Publisher : Contemporary Neurology
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0190208872
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plum and Posner's Diagnosis and Treatment of Stupor and Coma, 5th edition, is a major update of the classic work on diagnosing the cause of coma, with the addition of completely new sections on treatment of comatose patients, by Dr. Jan Claassen, the Director of the Neuro-ICU at Columbia New York Presbyterian Hospital. The first chapter of the book provides an up-to-date review on the brain mechanisms that maintain a conscious state in humans, and how lesions that damage these mechanisms cause loss of consciousness or coma. The second chapter reviews the neurological examination of the comatose patient, which provides the basis for determining whether the patient is suffering from a structural brain injury causing the coma, or from a metabolic disorder of consciousness. The third and fourth chapters review the pathophysiology of structural lesions causing coma, and the specific disease states that result in coma. Chapter five is a comprehensive treatment of the many causes of metabolic coma. Chapter 6 review psychiatric causes of unresponsiveness and how to identify and treat them. Chapters 7 and 8 review the overall emergency treatment of comatose patients, followed by the treatment of specific causes of coma. Chapter 9 examines the long term outcomes of coma, including the minimally conscious state and the persistent vegetative state, and how they can be distinguished, and their implications for eventual useful recovery. Chapter 10 reviews the topic of brain death and the standards for examination of a patient that are required to make the determination of brain death. The final chapter 11 is by J.J. Fins, a medical ethicist who was invited by the other authors to write an essay on the ethics of diagnosis and treatment of patients who, by definition, have no way to approve of or communicate about their wishes. While providing detailed background for neurological and neurosurgical specialists, the practical nature of the material in this book has found its greatest use among Internists, Emergency Medicine, and Intensive Care specialists, who deal with comatose patients frequently, but who may not have had extensive neurological training.

The Routledge Handbook of Consciousness

The Routledge Handbook of Consciousness Book
Author : Rocco J. Gennaro
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-03-15
ISBN : 1317386809
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There has been an explosion of work on consciousness in the last 30–40 years from philosophers, psychologists, and neurologists. Thus, there is a need for an interdisciplinary, comprehensive volume in the field that brings together contributions from a wide range of experts on fundamental and cutting-edge topics. The Routledge Handbook of Consciousness fills this need and makes each chapter’s importance understandable to students and researchers from a variety of backgrounds. Designed to complement and better explain primary sources, this volume is a valuable "first-stop" publication for undergraduate or graduate students enrolled in any course on "Consciousness," "Philosophy of Mind," or "Philosophy of Psychology," as well as a valuable handbook for researchers in these fields who want a useful reference to have close at hand. The 34 chapters, all published here for the first time, are divided into three parts: Part I covers the "History and Background Metaphysics" of consciousness, such as dualism, materialism, free will, and personal identity, and includes a chapter on Indian philosophy. Part II is on specific "Contemporary Theories of Consciousness," with chapters on representational, information integration, global workspace, attention-based, and quantum theories. Part III is entitled "Major Topics in Consciousness Research," with chapters on psychopathologies, dreaming, meditation, time, action, emotion, multisensory experience, animal and robot consciousness, and the unity of consciousness. Each chapter begins with a brief introduction and concludes with a list of "Related Topics," as well as a list of "References," making the volume indispensable for the newcomer and experienced researcher alike.

The Vegetative State

The Vegetative State Book
Author : Bryan Jennett,Professor of Neurosurgery and Dean of the Faculty of Medicine Bryan Jennett, MD, FRCS
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2002-02-28
ISBN : 9780521441582
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A survey of the medical, ethical and legal issues that surround this controversial topic.

The Ethics of Uncertainty

The Ethics of Uncertainty Book
Author : L. Syd M. Johnson
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2022
ISBN : 0190943645
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Consciousness isn't a thing you can poke a stick at. It's not a natural kind, like a bit of quartz, or quarks, or water. Like "life," which can be attributed to many entities, but is not a thing with reality apart from living entities, consciousness can be attributed to conscious entities without being some further thing or fact, some mysterious, mentalizing "force" that can exist without conscious entities. It is manifested in conscious states and creatures, but isn't a thing in and of itself. One of the enduring puzzles about consciousness and conscious states is how they, as apparently mental, nonphysical states, can manifest in a physical entity like a brain. We can point to a physical bit of brain, to a neuron, or a structure like the thalamus, but we can't locate the consciousness within that bit of brain or its neural cells"--

Neurology in Africa

Neurology in Africa Book
Author : William P. Howlett
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2015-08-20
ISBN : 1107114225
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This practical, comprehensive and highly illustrated book will be invaluable to students and doctors of neurology and internal medicine in Africa.

Rights Come to Mind

Rights Come to Mind Book
Author : Joseph Fins
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2015-08-11
ISBN : 052188750X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Joseph J. Fins calls for a reconsideration of severe brain injury treatment, including discussion of public policy and physician advocacy.

Rehabilitation After Traumatic Brain Injury

Rehabilitation After Traumatic Brain Injury Book
Author : Blessen C. Eapen,David X. Cifu
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2018-01-24
ISBN : 0323544576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering the full spectrum of rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury, this practical reference by Drs. Blessen C. Eapen and David X. Cifu presents best practices and considerations for numerous patient populations and their unique needs. In an easy-to-read, concise format, it covers the key information you need to guide your treatment plans and help patients relearn critical life skills and regain their independence. Covers neuroimaging, neurosurgical and critical care management, management of associated complications after TBI, pharmacotherapy, pain management, sports concussion, assistive technologies, and preparing patients for community reintegration. Discusses special populations, including pediatric, geriatric, and military and veteran patients. Consolidates today’s available information and guidance in this challenging and diverse area into one convenient resource.

Neuroimaging of Consciousness

Neuroimaging of Consciousness Book
Author : Andrea Eugenio Cavanna,Andrea Nani,Hal Blumenfeld,Steven Laureys
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-07-20
ISBN : 3642375804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Within the field of neuroscience, the past few decades have witnessed an exponential growth of research into the brain mechanisms underlying both normal and pathological states of consciousness in humans. The development of sophisticated imaging techniques to visualize and map brain activity in vivo has opened new avenues in our understanding of the pathological processes involved in common neuropsychiatric disorders affecting consciousness, such as epilepsy, coma, vegetative states, dissociative disorders, and dementia. This book presents the state of the art in neuroimaging exploration of the brain correlates of the alterations in consciousness across these conditions, with a particular focus on the potential applications for diagnosis and management. Although the book has a practical approach and is primarily targeted at neurologists, neuroradiologists, and psychiatrists, it will also serve as an essential reference for a wide range of researchers and health care professionals.

Coma Science

Coma Science Book
Author : Professor Laureys
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-10-07
ISBN : 9780080962252
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This serial is firmly established as an extensive documentation of the advances in contemporary brain research. Each volume presents authoritative reviews and original articles by invited specialists. This volume concentrates on coma and consciousness science. presenting articles from leading figures in the area on the clinical and ethical implications of work in this field. The book provides a thorough review of the various aspects of coma science from a review of the concepts, questioning of recent advances, case studies, through to where research in the field is heading. * Provides the reader with a unique overview of all aspects of new advances in coma science * Broad focus with contributions by the top scientists worldwide in the respective disciplines

Consciousness and Moral Status

Consciousness and Moral Status Book
Author : Joshua Shepherd
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-05-23
ISBN : 1315396327
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It seems obvious that phenomenally conscious experience is something of great value, and that this value maps onto a range of important ethical issues. For example, claims about the value of life for those in Permanent Vegetative State (PVS); debates about treatment and study of disorders of consciousness; controversies about end-of-life care for those with advanced dementia; and arguments about the moral status of embryos, fetuses, and non-human animals arguably turn on the moral significance of various facts about consciousness. However, though work has been done on the moral significance of elements of consciousness, such as pain and pleasure, little explicit attention has been devoted to the ethical significance of consciousness. In this book Joshua Shepherd presents a systematic account of the value present within conscious experience. This account emphasizes not only the nature of consciousness, but also the importance of items within experience such as affect, valence, and the complex overall shape of particular valuable experiences. Shepherd also relates this account to difficult cases involving non-humans and humans with disorders of consciousness, arguing that the value of consciousness influences and partially explains the degree of moral status a being possesses, without fully determining it. The upshot is a deeper understanding of both the moral importance of phenomenal consciousness and its relations to moral status. This book will be of great interest to philosophers and students of ethics, bioethics, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of mind, and cognitive science.

The Social Construction of Death

The Social Construction of Death Book
Author : Leen Van Brussel,Nico Carpentier
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-31
ISBN : 113739191X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chapter 12 of this book is open access under a CC BY license. Well-established scholars from a variety of disciplines - including sociology, anthropology, media and cultural studies, and political sciences – use the social construction of death and dying to analyse a wide variety of meaning-making practices in societal fields such as ethics, politics, media, medicine and family.