Skip to main content

Disorders Of Consciousness

In Order to Read Online or Download Disorders Of Consciousness Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Chronic Disorders of Consciousness

Chronic Disorders of Consciousness Book
Author : Rocco Salvatore Calabro,Placido Bramanti
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 2013-01-01
ISBN : 9781626189409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Chronic disorders of consciousness comprise a tragic group of conditions for which determining prognosis is a prerequisite for clinical decision-making. The Vegetative State (VS) and the Minimally Conscious State (MCS) are syndromes, encompassing a spectrum of severity with various etiologies, most commonly traumatic brain injury or hypoxic-ischemic or hemorrhagic neuronal injury. They can be a transient stage during recovery from an acute brain insult or can be chronic and stable, usually after a variable period of coma. Recent advances in neuroimaging are providing new insights into cerebral activity in patients with severe brain damage. The mapping of cognitive processes (mostly by measuring regional changes in blood flow, initially by PET and currently by fMRI, and by measuring regional metabolic changes by MRSI) is providing insight into the functional neuroanatomy and metabolic assessment of consciousness. However, differential diagnosis of SV and MCS is still difficult and their complex management involves many different and skilled healthcare professionals. This book is aimed at examining the pathophysiology of consciousness disorders with their multifaceted assessment and treatment, including new diagnostic tools and novel prognostic markers, and the important bioethical issues concerning "the end of life" and the "dignity of the person".

Coma and Disorders of Consciousness

Coma and Disorders of Consciousness Book
Author : Caroline Schnakers,Steven Laureys
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-06-05
ISBN : 1447124405
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

In spite of medical advances and the increasing number of severely brain-injured patients, the assessment and treatment of patients recovering from coma remain challenging. For over 10 years now, the Coma Science Group has been working on the scientific exploration of disorders of consciousness, with both scientific and clinical research agendas. This book is the result of all this work. The aim is to offer both clinicians and researchers an opportunity to acquire expertise in a field which is constantly developing. Besides diagnostic, prognostic and ethical issues, this book includes well-established findings on assessment techniques (i.e., behavioral scales, electrophysiological explorations and structural/functional neuroimaging) and treatment procedures, but also techniques under development (i.e., the use of classifiers, brain-computer interfaces, transcranial magnetic stimulation or deep brain stimulation) which will stimulate ideas for future research. The Coma Science Group presents here a comprehensive book for readers, regardless of whether they are already familiar with the difficult but exciting field of disorders of consciousness.

Disorders of Consciousness

Disorders of Consciousness Book
Author : Kamil Hakan Dogan
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-03-04
ISBN : 1789853079
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Consciousness is a state of being awake and aware of one's self and surroundings according to the American Academy of Neurology. A conscious person is aware of things through thoughts and the five senses: sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. In disorders of consciousness, the patient has trouble being awake, or being aware, or both. Thanks to advances in science and technology, we learn new information about diseases every day. This book includes current approaches to some important issues related to disorders of consciousness.

Brain Death and Disorders of Consciousness

Brain Death and Disorders of Consciousness Book
Author : Calixto Machado,D. Alan Shewmon
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-03-31
ISBN : 0306485265
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Although some decades have passed, there are still worldwide controversies about a concept of human death on neurological grounds. There are also disagreements on the diagnostic criteria for brain death, whether clinical alone or clinical plus ancillary tests. Moreover, some scholars who were strong defenders of a brain-based standard of death are now favoring a circulatory-respiratory standard. The study of coma is extremely important because lesions of the brain are responsible for quality of life in patients or cause of death. The main goal of Brain Death and Disorders of Consciousness is to provide a suitable scientific platform to discuss all topics related to human death and coma.

Disorders of Consciousness Volume 1157

Disorders of Consciousness  Volume 1157 Book
Author : Nicholas D. Schiff,Steven Laureys
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2009-04-27
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This volume is the result of a conference entitled Disorders of Consciousness, the 87th Annual Conference of the Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Disease, held on December 7-8, 2007 at the New York Academy of Medicine in New York City

Disorders of Consciousness

Disorders of Consciousness Book
Author : G. Bryan Young,Eelco F. M. Wijdicks
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2008-08-13
ISBN : 0444518959
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

In this volume on disorders of consciousness, emphasis is given to distinguishing reversible disorders from the irreversible and disorders requiring medical treatment from those requiring neurosurgical management.

The Neurology of Consciousness

The Neurology of Consciousness Book
Author : Steven Laureys,Olivia Gosseries,Giulio Tononi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-08-12
ISBN : 0128011750
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The second edition of The Neurology of Consciousness is a comprehensive update of this ground-breaking work on human consciousness, the first book in this area to summarize the neuroanatomical and functional underpinnings of consciousness by emphasizing a lesional approach offered by the study of neurological patients. Since the publication of the first edition in 2009, new methodologies have made consciousness much more accessible scientifically, and, in particular, the study of disorders, disruptions, and disturbances of consciousness has added tremendously to our understanding of the biological basis of human consciousness. The publication of a new edition is both critical and timely for continued understanding of the field of consciousness. In this critical and timely update, revised and new contributions by internationally renowned researchers—edited by the leaders in the field of consciousness research—provide a unique and comprehensive focus on human consciousness. The new edition of The Neurobiology of Consciousness will continue to be an indispensable resource for researchers and students working on the cognitive neuroscience of consciousness and related disorders, as well as for neuroscientists, psychologists, psychiatrists, and neurologists contemplating consciousness as one of the philosophical, ethical, sociological, political, and religious questions of our time. New chapters on the neuroanatomical basis of consciousness and short-term memory, and expanded coverage of comas and neuroethics, including the ethics of brain death The first comprehensive, authoritative collection to describe disorders of consciousness and how they are used to study and understand the neural correlates of conscious perception in humans. Includes both revised and new chapters from the top international researchers in the field, including Christof Koch, Marcus Raichle, Nicholas Schiff, Joseph Fins, and Michael Gazzaniga

Pupil Diameter and Behavioral Responsiveness in Disorders of Consciousness

Pupil Diameter and Behavioral Responsiveness in Disorders of Consciousness Book
Author : Chatelle Camille
Publisher :
Release : 2017
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The clinical diagnosis of consciousness is mainly based on bedside observation of the patient's responses using standardized neurobehavioral scales. By definition, it is common to observe vigilance fluctuation in patients in minimally conscious state (MCS) who would show reproducible but fluctuating signs of consciousness [1]. As the probability to detect voluntary responses depends on the patient's level of vigilance at the time of assessment, multiple assessments are needed in order to detect signs of consciousness and avoid misdiagnosis [2]. If this fluctuation is known in disorders of consciousness (DOC), it remains poorly understood and characterized. In this study, we investigated the relationship between pupil diameter (suggested as an objective physiological measure of alertness level in healthy subjects [3-6]) and behavioral responsiveness in DOC patients. To this end, five patients with chronic DOC (1 unresponsive wakefulness syndrome [UWS; ie, reflexive responses], 2 MCS- [ie, signs of consciousness but no signs of language preservation, 2 MCS+ [ie, signs of language preservation]; 3 males; age=47u00b115.16 (median u00b1 SD), median TSI=284 days) were enrolled. For each patient, four behavioral assessments were performed in a single day using the Coma Recovery Scale-Revised. Before each assessment, pupil response was recorded for 10 minuttients (MCS-) was excluded from the analysis due to eye closure during whole recording period. Pupil diameter was recorded using Phasya Drowsimeter R100 glasses (eye images acquired at 120 Hz with a high-speed camera integrated into the glasses). Eye closure periods were marked manually. Several parameters were investigated: eye opening percentage (EOP), as well as median, variance, entropy, and Lempel-Ziv complexity of the pupil diameter. We here provide preliminary descriptive results for this small sample.We observed lower EOP and median pupil diameter when the patients were unresponsive (i.e., diagnosis of UWS) vs. when they were responsive at bedside (i.e., MCS; median EOP=74.78% vs 99.6%, median pupil diameter=21 vs 28). Variance did not show any specific pattern; however, complexity measures of entropy and Lempel-Ziv were also lower in the UWS (median entropy=9.83 vs 10.58 and median Lempel-Ziv complexity=121 vs 328). Median pupil diameter also seemed to be more sensitive to behavioural changes across different assessments. These preliminary data suggest that higher responsiveness is related to higher median and complexity of the pupillometry signal and eye opening percentage at rest, supporting that pupillometry markers could be used as potential predictor of behavioral responsiveness in DOC patients.References: [1] Giacino JT, Ashwal S, Childs N, Cranford R, Jennett B, Katz DI, Kelly JP, Rosenberg JH, Whyte JO, Zafonte RD, Zasler ND. The minimally conscious state: definition and diagnostic criteria. Neurology. 2002 Feb 12;58(3):349-53.[2] Wannez S, Heine L, Thonnard M, Gosseries O, Laureys S, Coma Science Group Collaborators. The repetition of behavioral assessments in diagnosis of disorders of consciousness. Annals of neurology. 2017 Jun;81(6):883-9.[3] Nishiyama J, Tanida K, Kusumi M, Hirata Y. The pupil as a possible premonitor of drowsiness. InEngineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2007. EMBS 2007. 29th Annual International Conference of the IEEE 2007 Aug 22 (pp. 1586-1589). IEEE.[4] Soares VC, Souza JK, Ginani GE, Pompu00e9ia S, Tierra-Criollo CJ, Melges DB. Identification of drowsiness and alertness conditions by means of Spectral F-Test applied to pupillometric signals. InJournal of Physics: Conference Series 2013 (Vol. 477, No. 1, p. 012027). IOP Publishing.[5] Franu00e7ois C, Hoyoux T, Langohr T, Wertz J, Verly JG. Tests of a new drowsiness characterization and monitoring system based on ocular parameters. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2016 Jan 29;13(2):174.[6] Laeng B, Sirois S, Gredebu00e4ck G. Pupillometry: A window to the preconscious?. Perspectives on psychological science. 2012 Jan;7(1):18-27.

Plum and Posner s Diagnosis of Stupor and Coma

Plum and Posner s Diagnosis of Stupor and Coma Book
Author : Jerome B. Posner M.D.,Clifford B. Saper M.D.,Nicholas Schiff M.D.,Fred Plum M.D.
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2007-06-11
ISBN : 9780198043362
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Delirium, stupor and coma are common clinical states that confront clinicians in almost every medical specialty. With appropriate diagnosis and treatment, coma can often be treated successfully. Conversely, delay in diagnosis and treatment may be lethal. This monograph provides an update on the clinical approach that was laid out in the previous 3 editions. It describes an approach for the physician at the bedside to diagnose and treat alterations of consciousness, based on pathophysiologic principles. The book begins with a description of the physiology of consciousness and the pathophysiology of disorders of consciousness. It continues with a description of the approach to a patient with a disorder of consciousness, emphasizing the bedside examination, but including the use of modern imaging techniques. The important structural and metabolic causes of coma are reviewed in detail. It then describes the emergency treatment, both medical and surgical, of patients with specific disorders of consciousness and their prognosis. New chapters describe the approach to the diagnosis of brain death and the clinical physiology of the vegetative state and minimally conscious state, as well as the ethics of dealing with such patients and their families. The book is aimed at medical students and residents, in fields from internal medicine and pediatrics to emergency medicine, surgery, neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry, who are likely to encounter patients with disordered states of consciousness. It includes historical background and basic neurophysiology that is important for those in the clinical neurosciences, but also lays out a practical approach to the comatose patient that is an important part of the repertoire of all clinicians who provide emergency care for patients with disorders of consciousness.

States of Consciousness

States of Consciousness Book
Author : Dean Cvetkovic,Irena Cosic
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-22
ISBN : 9783642180477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

In this accessible overview of current knowledge, an expert team of editors and authors describe experimental approaches to consciousness. These approaches are shedding light on some of the hitherto unknown aspects of the distinct states of human consciousness, including the waking state, different states of sleep and dreaming, meditation and more. The book presents the latest research studies by the contributing authors, whose specialities span neuroscience, neurology, biomedical engineering, clinical psychology and psychophysiology, psychosocial medicine and anthropology. Overall this anthology provides the reader with a clear picture of how different states of consciousness can be defined, experimentally measured and analysed. A future byproduct of this knowledge may be anticipated in the development of systematic corrective treatments for many disorders and pathological problems of consciousness.

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness Book
Author : Tim Bayne,Axel Cleeremans,Patrick Wilken
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2014-02-27
ISBN : 0191021032
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Consciousness is undoubtedly one of the last remaining scientific mysteries and hence one of the greatest contemporary scientific challenges. How does the brain's activity result in the rich phenomenology that characterizes our waking life? Are animals conscious? Why did consciousness evolve? How does science proceed to answer such questions? Can we define what consciousness is? Can we measure it? Can we use experimental results to further our understanding of disorders of consciousness, such as those seen in schizophrenia, delirium, or altered states of consciousness? These questions are at the heart of contemporary research in the domain. Answering them requires a fundamentally interdisciplinary approach that engages not only philosophers, but also neuroscientists and psychologists in a joint effort to develop novel approaches that reflect both the stunning recent advances in imaging methods as well as the continuing refinement of our concepts of consciousness. In this light, the Oxford Companion to Consciousness is the most complete authoritative survey of contemporary research on consciousness. Five years in the making and including over 250 concise entries written by leaders in the field, the volume covers both fundamental knowledge as well as more recent advances in this rapidly changing domain. Structured as an easy-to-use dictionary and extensively cross-referenced, the Companion offers contributions from philosophy of mind to neuroscience, from experimental psychology to clinical findings, so reflecting the profoundly interdisciplinary nature of the domain. Particular care has been taken to ensure that each of the entries is accessible to the general reader and that the overall volume represents a comprehensive snapshot of the contemporary study of consciousness. The result is a unique compendium that will prove indispensable to anyone interested in consciousness, from beginning students wishing to clarify a concept to professional consciousness researchers looking for the best characterization of a particular phenomenon.

Physical Rehabilitation E Book

Physical Rehabilitation   E Book Book
Author : Michelle H. Cameron,Linda Monroe
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2007-04-05
ISBN : 1416065318
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The only physical rehabilitation text modeled after the concepts of the APTA’s Guide to Physical Therapist Practice, 2nd Edition, this detailed resource provides the most complete coverage of rehabilitation across the preferred practice patterns of physical therapy all in one place! Each chapter is consistently organized to make it easy to find the information you need, with clear guidelines, examples, and summaries based on the latest clinical evidence to help you improve quality of care and ensure positive patient outcomes. In-depth, evidence-based coverage of more key content areas than any other rehabilitation resource of its kind, including orthopedics, neurology, and wound management, ensures a comprehensive understanding of rehabilitation supported by the latest clinical research. More than 65 case studies present a problem-based approach to rehabilitation and detail practical, real-world applications. Over 600 full-color illustrations clarify concepts and techniques. A FREE companion CD prepares you for practice with printable examination forms and reference lists from the text linked to Medline abstracts and reinforces understanding through interactive boards-style review questions, and vocabulary-building exercises.

Brain Injury Medicine

Brain Injury Medicine Book
Author : Nathan Zasler,Douglas Katz, MD,Ross Zafonte, DO
Publisher : Demos Medical Publishing
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9781888799934
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Covers the full continuum from early diagnosis and evaluation through rehabilitation, post-acute care, and community re-entry. Includes assessment and treatment, epidemiology, pathophysiology, neuroanatomy, neuroimaging, the neuroscientific basis for rehabilitation, ethical and medicolegal issues, life-care planning, and more.

Fish s Clinical Psychopathology

Fish s Clinical Psychopathology Book
Author : Frank James Fish,Patricia R. Casey,Brendan Kelly
Publisher : RCPsych Publications
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9781904671329
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Fish's Clinical Psychopathology has shaped the psychiatric training and clinical practice of several generations of psychiatrists, but has been out of print for many years. The third edition of this modern classic presents the clinical descriptions and psychopathological insights of Fish to a new generation of students and practitioners. This is an essential text for students of medicine, trainees in psychiatry and practising psychiatrists. It will also be of interest to psychiatric nurses, mental health social workers, clinical psychologists and all readers who value concise descriptions of the symptoms of mental illness and astute accounts of the many and varied manifestations of disordered psychological function. Completely revised edition of classic text. New sections on personality disorder, cognitive distortion, defence mechanisms, memory and unusual psychiatric syndromes. Updated references to contemporary literature.

Characterizing Consciousness From Cognition to the Clinic

Characterizing Consciousness  From Cognition to the Clinic  Book
Author : Stanislas Dehaene,Yves Christen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-05-27
ISBN : 9783642180156
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Fifteen of the foremost scientists in this field presented testable theoretical models of consciousness and discussed how our understanding of the role that consciousness plays in our cognitive processes is being refined with some surprising results.

Consciousness Reconnected

Consciousness Reconnected Book
Author : Derek Steinberg
Publisher : Radcliffe Publishing
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9781857757781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

What is consciousness? The answer to this question has eluded thinkers for millennia. In modern times, scientists have struggled to find a complete answer, often hampered by the limitations of their particular specialisms. Derek Steinberg's unique approach constructs a multi-faceted model of mind involving science and the arts, from which the sense of personal identity emerges. In a masterful tour-de-force, he establishes links between otherwise distinct or even conflicting disciplines. In this radical departure, the author argues that the arts, literature and human culture in the broadest sense make their contributions to understanding consciousness and the sense of self, though they are rarely acknowledged in mainstream debate. Rather than focusing only on what lies between the ears, Steinberg casts a wide net. He explores the connections between sciences and the humanities as he takes the debate into new areas. This book is fascinating and enlightening reading for everyone interested in human nature and the psyche, as well as for students and professionals in the fields of neuroscience, psychiatry, psychology, medicine, social science, anthropology, philosophy and the arts, for whom the book is a breakthrough in the challenge of cross-disciplinary collaboration.

Vegetative State

Vegetative State Book
Author : Ralf J. Jox,Katja Kuehlmeyer,Georg Marckmann,Eric Racine
Publisher : LIT Verlag Münster
Release : 2012
ISBN : 364390097X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Decision making for patients in the vegetative state is a complex issue and needs an interdisciplinary discourse that combines different perspectives. This book is based on an international neuroethics workshop for young academics and health care practitioners that took place in Munich and was funded by the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). Various competitively-selected participants from different countries describe their scientific contributions or their clinical experiences. Moreover, experts from the field of medical ethics, neuroethics, and neuroscience contribute their Ã?Â?perspectives. (Series: Ethik in der Praxis / Practical Ethics - Studien / Studies - Vol. 36)

Pediatric Neurology

Pediatric Neurology Book
Author : Kenneth F. Swaiman,Stephen Ashwal,Donna M. Ferriero
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2006-01-01
ISBN : 0323033652
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This Gold Standard in clinical child neurology presents the entire specialty in the most comprehensive, authoritative, and clearly written fashion. Its clinical focus, along with relevant science, throughout is directed at both the experienced clinician and the physician in training. New editor, Dr. Ferriero brings expertise in neonatal neurology to the Fourth Edition. New chapters: Pathophysiology of Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy, Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation, Pediatric Neurotransmitter Diseases, Neurophysiology of Epilepsy, Genetics of Epilepsy, Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Medicine, Neuropsychopharmacology, Pain and Palliative Care Management, Ethical Issues in Child Neurology

Finding Consciousness

Finding Consciousness Book
Author : Walter Sinnott-Armstrong
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-01-13
ISBN : 0190280328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Modern medicine enables us to keep many people alive after they have suffered severe brain damage and show no reliable outward signs of consciousness. Many such patients are misdiagnosed as being in a permanent vegetative state when they are actually in a minimally conscious state. This mistake has far-reaching implications for treatment and prognosis. To alleviate this problem, neuroscientists have recently developed new brain-scanning methods to detect consciousness in some of these patients and even to ask them questions, including "Do you want to stay alive?" Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage addresses many questions regarding these recent neuroscientific methods: Is what these methods detect really consciousness? Do patients feel pain? Should we decide whether or not to let them die or are they competent to decide for themselves? And which kinds of treatment should governments and hospitals make available? This edited volume provides contextual information, surveys the issues and positions, and takes controversial stands from a wide variety of prominent contributors in fields ranging from neuroscience and neurology to law and policy to philosophy and ethics. Finding Consciousness should interest not only neuroscientists, clinicians, and ethicists but anyone who might suffer brain damage, which includes us all.