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Discrete Networked Dynamic Systems

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Discrete Networked Dynamic Systems

Discrete Networked Dynamic Systems Book
Author : Magdi S. Mahmoud,Yuanqing Xia
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-09
ISBN : 012823699X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discrete Networked Dynamic Systems: Analysis and Performance provides a high-level treatment of a general class of linear discrete-time dynamic systems interconnected over an information network, exchanging relative state measurements or output measurements. It presents a systematic analysis of the material and provides an account to the math development in a unified way. The topics in this book are structured along four dimensions: Agent, Environment, Interaction, and Organization, while keeping global (system-centered) and local (agent-centered) viewpoints. The focus is on the wide-sense consensus problem in discrete networked dynamic systems. The authors rely heavily on algebraic graph theory and topology to derive their results. It is known that graphs play an important role in the analysis of interactions between multiagent/distributed systems. Graph-theoretic analysis provides insight into how topological interactions play a role in achieving coordination among agents. Numerous types of graphs exist in the literature, depending on the edge set of G. A simple graph has no self-loop or edges. Complete graphs are simple graphs with an edge connecting any pair of vertices. The vertex set in a bipartite graph can be partitioned into disjoint non-empty vertex sets, whereby there is an edge connecting every vertex in one set to every vertex in the other set. Random graphs have fixed vertex sets, but the edge set exhibits stochastic behavior modeled by probability functions. Much of the studies in coordination control are based on deterministic/fixed graphs, switching graphs, and random graphs. This book addresses advanced analytical tools for characterization control, estimation and design of networked dynamic systems over fixed, probabilistic and time-varying graphs Provides coherent results on adopting a set-theoretic framework for critically examining problems of the analysis, performance and design of discrete distributed systems over graphs Deals with both homogeneous and heterogeneous systems to guarantee the generality of design results

Control Theory of Digitally Networked Dynamic Systems

Control Theory of Digitally Networked Dynamic Systems Book
Author : Jan Lunze
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-07-06
ISBN : 3319011316
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book gives an introduction to networked control systems and describes new modeling paradigms, analysis methods for event-driven, digitally networked systems, and design methods for distributed estimation and control. Networked model predictive control is developed as a means to tolerate time delays and packet loss brought about by the communication network. In event-based control the traditional periodic sampling is replaced by state-dependent triggering schemes. Novel methods for multi-agent systems ensure complete or clustered synchrony of agents with identical or with individual dynamics. The book includes numerous references to the most recent literature. Many methods are illustrated by numerical examples or experimental results.

Control Design of Multiagent Discrete Time Systems

Control Design of Multiagent Discrete Time Systems Book
Author : MagdiSadek Mahmoud,Bilal J. Karaki
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-03-16
ISBN : 3030909409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes an effective approach to the cooperative and coordinated control of multivehicle systems. This rigorous analytic approach guarantees the stability of coordinated and cooperating vehicles using distributed protocols and uses low-energy, event-triggered mechanisms for networked vehicle control. The text covers: design of a cooperative protocol to achieve consensus for multivehicle systems, allowing cooperation that is resistant to the effects of packet loss and/or adversarial attack; analysis and synthesis of an event-triggering mechanism for cooperative multivehicle systems over uncertain networks; and the problem of distributed leader-following consensus and methods for compelling multivehicle systems to reach consensus. Throughout the book, cooperation problems are transformed into stability problems. Lyapunov theory is used to guarantee cooperation among agents. The distributed approach is applied to triggering mechanisms, the cooperation process, and the impact of cyber-attacks. Discrete-time analysis shows how the event-based structure can be designed to match the performance of continuous-time counterparts. The book details applications and computer simulation with several practical examples. This book is of interest to a wide audience from the graduate student, through the academic researcher to the industrial practitioner, all of them sharing a common interest in the stability and security of multiagent systems.

Recent Advances in Control and Filtering of Dynamic Systems with Constrained Signals

Recent Advances in Control and Filtering of Dynamic Systems with Constrained Signals Book
Author : Ju H. Park,Hao Shen,Xiao-Heng Chang,Tae H. Lee
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-09
ISBN : 3319962027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces the principle theories and applications of control and filtering problems to address emerging hot topics in feedback systems. With the development of IT technology at the core of the 4th industrial revolution, dynamic systems are becoming more sophisticated, networked, and advanced to achieve even better performance. However, this evolutionary advance in dynamic systems also leads to unavoidable constraints. In particular, such elements in control systems involve uncertainties, communication/transmission delays, external noise, sensor faults and failures, data packet dropouts, sampling and quantization errors, and switching phenomena, which have serious effects on the system’s stability and performance. This book discusses how to deal with such constraints to guarantee the system’s design objectives, focusing on real-world dynamical systems such as Markovian jump systems, networked control systems, neural networks, and complex networks, which have recently excited considerable attention. It also provides a number of practical examples to show the applicability of the presented methods and techniques. This book is of interest to graduate students, researchers and professors, as well as R&D engineers involved in control theory and applications looking to analyze dynamical systems with constraints and to synthesize various types of corresponding controllers and filters for optimal performance of feedback systems.

Recent Advances in Control Problems of Dynamical Systems and Networks

Recent Advances in Control Problems of Dynamical Systems and Networks Book
Author : Ju H. Park
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-11
ISBN : 3030491234
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited book introduces readers to new analytical techniques and controller design schemes used to solve the emerging “hottest” problems in dynamic control systems and networks. In recent years, the study of dynamic systems and networks has faced major changes and challenges with the rapid advancement of IT technology, accompanied by the 4th Industrial Revolution. Many new factors that now have to be considered, and which haven’t been addressed from control engineering perspectives to date, are naturally emerging as the systems become more complex and networked. The general scope of this book includes the modeling of the system itself and uncertainty elements, examining stability under various criteria, and controller design techniques to achieve specific control objectives in various dynamic systems and networks. In terms of traditional stability matters, this includes the following special issues: finite-time stability and stabilization, consensus/synchronization, fault-tolerant control, event-triggered control, and sampled-data control for classical linear/nonlinear systems, interconnected systems, fractional-order systems, switched systems, neural networks, and complex networks. In terms of introducing graduate students and professional researchers studying control engineering and applied mathematics to the latest research trends in the areas mentioned above, this book offers an excellent guide.

Optimal Networked Control Systems with MATLAB

Optimal Networked Control Systems with MATLAB Book
Author : Jagannathan Sarangapani,Hao Xu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1482235269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optimal Networked Control Systems with MATLAB® discusses optimal controller design in discrete time for networked control systems (NCS). The authors apply several powerful modern control techniques in discrete time to the design of intelligent controllers for such NCS. Detailed derivations, rigorous stability proofs, computer simulation examples, and downloadable MATLAB® codes are included for each case. The book begins by providing background on NCS, networked imperfections, dynamical systems, stability theory, and stochastic optimal adaptive controllers in discrete time for linear and nonlinear systems. It lays the foundation for reinforcement learning-based optimal adaptive controller use for finite and infinite horizons. The text then: Introduces quantization effects for linear and nonlinear NCS, describing the design of stochastic adaptive controllers for a class of linear and nonlinear systems Presents two-player zero-sum game-theoretic formulation for linear systems in input–output form enclosed by a communication network Addresses the stochastic optimal control of nonlinear NCS by using neuro dynamic programming Explores stochastic optimal design for nonlinear two-player zero-sum games under communication constraints Treats an event-sampled distributed NCS to minimize transmission of state and control signals within the feedback loop via the communication network Covers distributed joint optimal network scheduling and control design for wireless NCS, as well as the effect of network protocols on the wireless NCS controller design An ideal reference for graduate students, university researchers, and practicing engineers, Optimal Networked Control Systems with MATLAB® instills a solid understanding of neural network controllers and how to build them.

Control and State Estimation for Dynamical Network Systems with Complex Samplings

Control and State Estimation for Dynamical Network Systems with Complex Samplings Book
Author : Bo Shen,Zidong Wang,Qi Li
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-09-01
ISBN : 1000635473
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the control and state estimation problems for dynamical network systems with complex samplings subject to various network-induced phenomena. It includes a series of control and state estimation problems tackled under the passive sampling fashion. Further, it explains the effects from the active sampling fashion, i.e., event-based sampling is examined on the control/estimation performance, and novel design technologies are proposed for controllers/estimators. Simulation results are provided for better understanding of the proposed control/filtering methods. By drawing on a variety of theories and methodologies such as Lyapunov function, linear matrix inequalities, and Kalman theory, sufficient conditions are derived for guaranteeing the existence of the desired controllers and estimators, which are parameterized according to certain matrix inequalities or recursive matrix equations. Covers recent advances of control and state estimation for dynamical network systems with complex samplings from the engineering perspective Systematically introduces the complex sampling concept, methods, and application for the control and state estimation Presents unified framework for control and state estimation problems of dynamical network systems with complex samplings Exploits a set of the latest techniques such as linear matrix inequality approach, Vandermonde matrix approach, and trace derivation approach Explains event-triggered multi-rate fusion estimator, resilient distributed sampled-data estimator with predetermined specifications This book is aimed at researchers, professionals, and graduate students in control engineering and signal processing.

Modelling Analysis and Control of Networked Dynamical Systems

Modelling  Analysis  and Control of Networked Dynamical Systems Book
Author : Ziyang Meng,Tao Yang,Karl H. Johansson
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-15
ISBN : 3030846822
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This monograph provides a comprehensive exploration of new tools for modelling, analysis, and control of networked dynamical systems. Expanding on the authors’ previous work, this volume highlights how local exchange of information and cooperation among neighboring agents can lead to emergent global behaviors in a given networked dynamical system. Divided into four sections, the first part of the book begins with some preliminaries and the general networked dynamical model that is used throughout the rest of the book. The second part focuses on synchronization of networked dynamical systems, synchronization with non-expansive dynamics, periodic solutions of networked dynamical systems, and modulus consensus of cooperative-antagonistic networks. In the third section, the authors solve control problems with input constraint, large delays, and heterogeneous dynamics. The final section of the book is devoted to applications, studying control problems of spacecraft formation flying, multi-robot rendezvous, and energy resource coordination of power networks. Modelling, Analysis, and Control of Networked Dynamical Systems will appeal to researchers and graduate students interested in control theory and its applications, particularly those working in networked control systems, multi-agent systems, and cyber-physical systems. This volume can also be used in advanced undergraduate and graduate courses on networked control systems and multi-agent systems.

Analysis and Synthesis of Networked Control Systems

Analysis and Synthesis of Networked Control Systems Book
Author : Yuanqing Xia,Mengyin Fu,Guo-Ping Liu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-03-14
ISBN : 364217924X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analysis and Synthesis of Networked Control Systems focuses on essential aspects of this field, including quantization over networks, data fusion over networks, predictive control over networks and fault detection over networks. The networked control systems have led to a complete new range of real-world applications. In recent years, the techniques of Internet of Things are developed rapidly, the research of networked control systems plays a key role in Internet of Things. The book is self-contained, providing sufficient mathematical foundations for understanding the contents of each chapter. It will be of significant interest to scientists and engineers engaged in the field of Networked Control Systems. Dr. Yuanqing Xia, a professor at Beijing Institute of Technology, has been working on control theory and its applications for over ten years.

Distributed Energy Resources Management 2018

Distributed Energy Resources Management 2018 Book
Author : Pedro Faria,Zita Vale
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-01-21
ISBN : 3039281704
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Special Issue Distributed Energy Resources Management 2018 includes 13 papers, and is a continuation of the Special Issue Distributed Energy Resources Management. The success of the previous edition shows the unquestionable relevance of distributed energy resources in the operation of power and energy systems at both the distribution level and at the wider power system level. Improving the management of distributed energy resources makes it possible to accommodate the higher penetration of intermittent distributed generation and electric vehicle charging. Demand response programs, namely the ones with a distributed nature, allow the consumers to contribute to the increased system efficiency while receiving benefits. This book addresses the management of distributed energy resources, with a focus on methods and techniques to achieve an optimized operation, in order to aggregate the resources namely in the scope of virtual power players and other types of aggregators, and to remunerate them. The integration of distributed resources in electricity markets is also addressed as an enabler for their increased and efficient use.

Event Trigger Dynamic State Estimation for Practical WAMS Applications in Smart Grid

Event Trigger Dynamic State Estimation for Practical WAMS Applications in Smart Grid Book
Author : Zhen Li,Sen Li,Tyrone Fernando,Xi Chen
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-03
ISBN : 3030456587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes how dynamic state estimation application in wide-area measurement systems (WAMS) are crucial for power system reliability, to acquire precisely power system dynamics. The event trigger DSE techniques described by the authors provide a design balance between the communication rate and estimation performance, by selectively sending the innovational data. The discussion also includes practical problems for smart grid applications, such as the non-Gaussian process/measurement noise, packet dropout, computation burden of accurate DSE, robustness to the system variation, etc. Readers will learn how the event trigger DSE can facilitate the effective reduction of communication rates, with guaranteed accuracy under a variety of practical conditions in smart grid applications.

Fault Detection Supervision and Safety of Technical Processes 2006

Fault Detection  Supervision and Safety of Technical Processes 2006 Book
Author : Hong-Yue Zhang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-03-01
ISBN : 9780080555393
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The safe and reliable operation of technical systems is of great significance for the protection of human life and health, the environment, and of the vested economic value. The correct functioning of those systems has a profound impact also on production cost and product quality. The early detection of faults is critical in avoiding performance degradation and damage to the machinery or human life. Accurate diagnosis then helps to make the right decisions on emergency actions and repairs. Fault detection and diagnosis (FDD) has developed into a major area of research, at the intersection of systems and control engineering, artificial intelligence, applied mathematics and statistics, and such application fields as chemical, electrical, mechanical and aerospace engineering. IFAC has recognized the significance of FDD by launching a triennial symposium series dedicated to the subject. The SAFEPROCESS Symposium is organized every three years since the first symposium held in Baden-Baden in 1991. SAFEPROCESS 2006, the 6th IFAC Symposium on Fault Detection, Supervision and Safety of Technical Processes was held in Beijing, PR China. The program included three plenary papers, two semi-plenary papers, two industrial talks by internationally recognized experts and 258 regular papers, which have been selected out of a total of 387 regular and invited papers submitted. * Discusses the developments and future challenges in all aspects of fault diagnosis and fault tolerant control * 8 invited and 36 contributed sessions included with a special session on the demonstration of process monitoring and diagnostic software tools

Computational Intelligence Networked Systems and Their Applications

Computational Intelligence  Networked Systems and Their Applications Book
Author : Minrui Fei,Chen Peng,Zhou Su,Yang Song,Qinglong Han
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-01
ISBN : 3662452618
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the second part of the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Life System Modeling and Simulation, LSMS 2014, and of the International Conference on Intelligent Computing for Sustainable Energy and Environment, ICSEE 2014, held in Shanghai, China, in September 2014. The 159 revised full papers presented in the three volumes of CCIS 461-463 were carefully reviewed and selected from 572 submissions. The papers of this volume are organized in topical sections on advanced neural network theory and algorithms; advanced evolutionary computing theory and algorithms, such as particle swarm optimization, differential evolution, ant colonies, artificial life, artificial immune systems and genetic algorithm; fuzzy, neural, and fuzzy-neuro hybrids; intelligent modeling, monitoring, and control of complex nonlinear systems; intelligent modeling and simulation of climate change; communication and control for distributed networked systems.

Efficient Modeling and Control of Large Scale Systems

Efficient Modeling and Control of Large Scale Systems Book
Author : Javad Mohammadpour,Karolos M. Grigoriadis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-06-23
ISBN : 144195757X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complexity and dynamic order of controlled engineering systems is constantly increasing. Complex large scale systems (where "large" reflects the system’s order and not necessarily its physical size) appear in many engineering fields, such as micro-electromechanics, manufacturing, aerospace, civil engineering and power engineering. Modeling of these systems often result in very high-order models imposing great challenges to the analysis, design and control problems. "Efficient Modeling and Control of Large-Scale Systems" compiles state-of-the-art contributions on recent analytical and computational methods for addressing model reduction, performance analysis and feedback control design for such systems. Also addressed at length are new theoretical developments, novel computational approaches and illustrative applications to various fields, along with: - An interdisciplinary focus emphasizing methods and approaches that can be commonly applied in various engineering fields -Examinations of applications in various fields including micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS), manufacturing processes, power networks, traffic control "Efficient Modeling and Control of Large-Scale Systems" is an ideal volume for engineers and researchers working in the fields of control and dynamic systems.

Discrete Time and Discrete Space Dynamical Systems

Discrete Time and Discrete Space Dynamical Systems Book
Author : Kuize Zhang,Lijun Zhang,Lihua Xie
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-08-06
ISBN : 3030259722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discrete-Time and Discrete-Space Dynamical Systems provides a systematic characterization of the similarities and differences of several types of discrete-time and discrete-space dynamical systems, including: Boolean control networks; nondeterministic finite-transition systems; finite automata; labelled Petri nets; and cellular automata. The book's perspective is primarily based on topological properties though it also employs semitensor-product and graph-theoretic methods where appropriate. It presents a series of fundamental results: invertibility, observability, detectability, reversiblity, etc., with applications to systems biology. Academic researchers with backgrounds in applied mathematics, engineering or computer science and practising engineers working with discrete-time and discrete-space systems will find this book a helpful source of new understanding for this increasingly important class of systems. The basic results to be found within are of fundamental importance for further study of related problems such as automated synthesis and safety control in cyber-physical systems using formal methods.

Handbook of Networked and Embedded Control Systems

Handbook of Networked and Embedded Control Systems Book
Author : Dimitrios Hristu-Varsakelis,William S. Levine
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-11-14
ISBN : 0817644040
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The vast majority of control systems built today are embedded; that is, they rely on built-in, special-purpose digital computers to close their feedback loops. Embedded systems are common in aircraft, factories, chemical processing plants, and even in cars–a single high-end automobile may contain over eighty different computers. The design of embedded controllers and of the intricate, automated communication networks that support them raises many new questions—practical, as well as theoretical—about network protocols, compatibility of operating systems, and ways to maximize the effectiveness of the embedded hardware. This handbook, the first of its kind, provides engineers, computer scientists, mathematicians, and students a broad, comprehensive source of information and technology to address many questions and aspects of embedded and networked control. Separated into six main sections—Fundamentals, Hardware, Software, Theory, Networking, and Applications—this work unifies into a single reference many scattered articles, websites, and specification sheets. Also included are case studies, experiments, and examples that give a multifaceted view of the subject, encompassing computation and communication considerations.

Analysis and Synthesis of Dynamical Systems with Time Delays

Analysis and Synthesis of Dynamical Systems with Time Delays Book
Author : Yuanqing Xia,Mengyin Fu,Peng Shi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-09-07
ISBN : 3642026958
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Time-delay occurs in many dynamical systems such as biological systems, chemical systems, metallurgical processing systems, nuclear reactor, long transmission lines in pneumatic, hydraulic systems and electrical networks. Especially, in recent years, time-delay which exists in networked control s- temshasbroughtmorecomplexproblemintoanewresearcharea.Frequently, itisasourceofthegenerationofoscillation,instabilityandpoorperformance. Considerable e?ort has been applied to di?erent aspects of linear time-delay systems during recent years. Because the introduction of the delay factor renders the system analysis more complicated, in addition to the di?culties caused by the perturbation or uncertainties, in the control of time-delay s- tems, the problems of robust stability and robust stabilization are of great importance. This book presents some basic theories of stability and stabilization of systems with time-delay, which are related to the main results in this book. More attention will be paid on synthesis of systems with time-delay. That is, sliding mode control of systems with time-delay; networked control systems with time-delay; networked data fusion with random delay.

Networked Control Systems

Networked Control Systems Book
Author : Alberto Bemporad,Maurice Heemels,Mikael Vejdemo-Johansson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-10-14
ISBN : 0857290320
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book nds its origin in the WIDE PhD School on Networked Control Systems, which we organized in July 2009 in Siena, Italy. Having gathered experts on all the aspects of networked control systems, it was a small step to go from the summer school to the book, certainly given the enthusiasm of the lecturers at the school. We felt that a book collecting overviewson the important developmentsand open pr- lems in the eld of networked control systems could stimulate and support future research in this appealing area. Given the tremendouscurrentinterests in distributed control exploiting wired and wireless communication networks, the time seemed to be right for the book that lies now in front of you. The goal of the book is to set out the core techniques and tools that are ava- able for the modeling, analysis and design of networked control systems. Roughly speaking, the book consists of three parts. The rst part presents architectures for distributed control systems and models of wired and wireless communication n- works. In particular, in the rst chapter important technological and architectural aspects on distributed control systems are discussed. The second chapter provides insight in the behavior of communication channels in terms of delays, packet loss and information constraints leading to suitable modeling paradigms for commu- cation networks.

Model Based Control of Networked Systems

Model Based Control of Networked Systems Book
Author : Eloy Garcia,Panos J. Antsaklis,Luis A. Montestruque
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-08-08
ISBN : 3319078038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This monograph introduces a class of networked control systems (NCS) called model-based networked control systems (MB-NCS) and presents various architectures and control strategies designed to improve the performance of NCS. The overall performance of NCS considers the appropriate use of network resources, particularly network bandwidth, in conjunction with the desired response of the system being controlled. The book begins with a detailed description of the basic MB-NCS architecture that provides stability conditions in terms of state feedback updates. It also covers typical problems in NCS such as network delays, network scheduling, and data quantization, as well as more general control problems such as output feedback control, nonlinear systems stabilization, and tracking control. Key features and topics include: Time-triggered and event-triggered feedback updates Stabilization of uncertain systems subject to time delays, quantization, and extended absence of feedback Optimal control analysis and design of model-based networked systems Parameter identification and adaptive stabilization of systems controlled over networks The MB-NCS approach to decentralized control of distributed systems Model-Based Control of Networked Systems will appeal to researchers, practitioners, and graduate students interested in the control of networked systems, distributed systems, and systems with limited feedback.

Recursive Filtering for 2 D Shift Varying Systems with Communication Constraints

Recursive Filtering for 2 D Shift Varying Systems with Communication Constraints Book
Author : Jinling Liang,Zidong Wang,Fan Wang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-09-05
ISBN : 1000429296
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents up-to-date research developments and novel methodologies regarding recursive filtering for 2-D shift-varying systems with various communication constraints. It investigates recursive filter/estimator design and performance analysis by a combination of intensive stochastic analysis, recursive Riccati-like equations, variance-constrained approach, and mathematical induction. Each chapter considers dynamics of the system, subtle design of filter gains, and effects of the communication constraints on filtering performance. Effectiveness of the derived theories and applicability of the developed filtering strategies are illustrated via simulation examples and practical insight. Features:- Covers recent advances of recursive filtering for 2-D shift-varying systems subjected to communication constraints from the engineering perspective. Includes the recursive filter design, resilience operation and performance analysis for the considered 2-D shift-varying systems. Captures the essence of the design for 2-D recursive filters. Develops a series of latest results about the robust Kalman filtering and protocol-based filtering. Analyzes recursive filter design and filtering performance for the considered systems. This book aims at graduate students and researchers in mechanical engineering, industrial engineering, communications networks, applied mathematics, robotics and control systems.