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Discontinuous Fiber Reinforced Composites

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Discontinuous Fiber Reinforced Composites

Discontinuous Fiber Reinforced Composites Book
Author : Umesh Gandhi,Sebastian Goris,Tim A. Osswald,Yu-Yang Song
Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Release : 2020-03-09
ISBN : 1569906955
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are many books on composite material analysis, but most cover mainly continuous fiber materials, rather than those filled with discontinuous fibers, which are particularly attractive for large-volume and low-cost applications. This book provides the theoretical and practical background to design and use discontinuous fiber-reinforced polymer materials, with an emphasis on structural parts for the automotive industry. Moreover, the product of years of collaborative work between industry and academia is presented in an easy-to-use, comprehensive manner. The information provided makes it possible for someone with an engineering background to understand the micromechanics of discontinuous fiber-reinforced materials and, hence, analyze the structural performance of components designed with such materials. The book employs a practical approach to cover the key, unique capabilities that are critical for a successful structural analysis of discontinuous fiber-reinforced polymer structures: -Process simulation to estimate the condition of fibers in the finished parts, i.e., fiber length, orientation, and concentration -Capability to measure micro structure, i.e., fiber length distribution, fiber orientation tensors, and fiber concentration, etc. -Estimation of material properties in the part based on fiber condition, as well as environmental conditions such as temperature A broad range of areas is included, such as joining and assembly.

Discontinuous Fibre Reinforced Composites

Discontinuous Fibre Reinforced Composites Book
Author : Kheng Lim Goh
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-22
ISBN : 1447173058
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a simple and unified approach to the mechanics of discontinuous-fibre reinforced composites, and introduces readers as generally as possible to the key concepts regarding the mechanics of elastic stress transfer, intermediate modes of stress transfer, plastic stress transfer, fibre pull-out, fibre fragmentation and matrix rupture. These concepts are subsequently applied to progressive stages of the loading process, through to the composite fractures. The book offers a valuable guide for advanced undergraduate and graduate students attending lecture courses on fibre composites. It is also intended for beginning researchers who wish to develop deeper insights into how discontinuous fibre provides reinforcement to composites, and for engineers, particularly those who wish to apply the concepts presented here to design and develop discontinuous-fibre reinforced composites.

Discontinuous Fiber Reinforced Composites

Discontinuous Fiber Reinforced Composites Book
Author : Umesh Gandhi,Sebastian Goris,Tim A. Osswald,Yu-Yang Song
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-12-09
ISBN : 9781569906941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are many books on composite material analysis, but most cover mainly continuous fiber materials, rather than those filled with discontinuous fibers, which are particularly attractive for large-volume and low-cost applications. This book provides the theoretical and practical background to design and use discontinuous fiber reinforced polymer materials, with an emphasis on structural parts for the automotive industry. Moreover, the product of years of collaborative work between industry and academia is presented in an easy-to-use, comprehensive manner. The information provided makes it possible for someone with an engineering background to understand the micromechanics of discontinuous fiber reinforced materials and, hence, analyze the structural performance of components designed with such materials. The book employs a practical approach to cover the key, unique capabilities that are critical for a successful structural analysis of discontinuous fiber reinforced polymer structures: -Process simulation to estimate the condition of fibers in the finished parts, i.e., fiber length, orientation, and concentration -Capability to measure micro structure, i.e., fiber length distribution, fiber orientation tensors, and fiber concentration, etc. -Estimation of material properties in the part based on fiber condition, as well as environmental conditions such as temperature A broad range of areas is included, such as joining and assembly.

Continuous Discontinuous Fiber Reinforced Polymers

Continuous Discontinuous Fiber Reinforced Polymers Book
Author : Thomas Böhlke,Frank Henning,Andrew N. Hrymak,Luise Kärger,Kay Weidenmann,Jeffrey T. Wood
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-09-09
ISBN : 9781569906927
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discontinuous long fiber reinforced polymer structures with local continuous fiber reinforcements represent an important class of lightweight materials with broad design possibilities and diverse technical applications, e.g. in vehicle construction. However, in contrast to continuous fiber reinforced composites, extensively used in the aircraft industry, there is still a lack of integrated and experimentally proven concepts for manufacture, modeling, and dimensioning of combinations of discontinuously and continuously reinforced polymer structures. This is partly ascribed to the complexity of the manufacturing processes of discontinuously reinforced polymers, with heterogeneous, anisotropic, and nonlinear material and structural properties, but also to the resulting bonding problem of both material types. This book addresses these issues, including both continuous and discontinuous fiber processing strategies. Specific design strategies for advanced composite reinforcement strategies are provided, with an integrated and holistic approach taken for composites material selection, product design, and mechanical properties. Characterization, simulation, technology, design, future research, and implementation directions are also included. Especially in the field of application of three-dimensional load-bearing structures, this book provides an excellent foundation for the enhancement of scientific methods and the education of engineers who need an interdisciplinary understanding of process and material techniques, as well as simulation and product development methods.

Discontinuous Fiber Composites

Discontinuous Fiber Composites Book
Author : Tim Osswald
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9783038974925
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discontinuous fiber-reinforced polymers have gained importance in the transportation industries due to their outstanding material properties, lower manufacturing costs and superior lightweight characteristics. One of the most attractive attributes of discontinuous fiber reinforced composites is the ease with which they can be manufactured in large numbers, using injection and compression molding processes. Typical processes involving discontinuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite materials include injection and compression molding processes as well as extrusion. Furthermore, the automotive and appliance industries also use thermosets reinforced with chopped fibers in the form of sheet molding compound and bulk molding compound, for compression and injection-compression molding processes, respectively. A big disadvantage of discontinuous fiber composites is that the configuration of the reinforcing fibers is significantly changed throughout production process, reflected in the form of fiber attrition, excessive fiber orientation, fiber jamming and fiber matrix separation. This process-induced variation of the microstructural fiber properties within the molded part introduces heterogeneity and anisotropies to the mechanical properties, which can limit the potential of discontinuous fiber reinforced composites for lightweight applications. The main aim of this Special Issue is to collect various investigations focused on the processing of discontinuous fiber reinforced composites and the effect processing has on fiber orientation, fiber length and fiber density distributions throughout the final part. Papers presenting investigations on the effect fiber configurations have on the mechanical properties of the final composite products and materials are welcome in the Special Issue. Researchers who are modeling and simulating processes involving discontinuous fiber composites as well as those performing experimental studies involving these composites are welcomed to submit papers. Authors are encouraged to present new models, constitutive laws and measuring and monitoring techniques to provide a complete framework on these groundbreaking materials and facilitate their use in different engineering applications.

Discontinuous Fiber Composites

Discontinuous Fiber Composites Book
Author : Tim A. Osswald
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-01-15
ISBN : 3038974919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Discontinuous Fiber Composites" that was published in J. Compos. Sci.

Science and Engineering of Short Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites

Science and Engineering of Short Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites Book
Author : S-Y Fu,B Lauke,Y.-W. Mai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-07-06
ISBN : 1845696492
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

When fibres in a composite are discontinuous and are shorter than a few millimetres, the composite is called a ‘short fibre reinforced composite (SFRP)’. SFRPs have found extensive applications in automobiles, business machines, durable consumer items, sporting goods and electrical industries owing to their low cost, easy processing and superior mechanical properties over the parent polymers. The book summarises recent developments in this area, focusing on the fundamental mechanisms that govern the mechanical properties including strength, modulus, fracture toughness and thermal properties of SFRP materials. This book covers the following topics: extrusion compounding and injection moulding, major factors affecting mechanical performance, stress transfer, strength, elastic modulus flexural modulus, thermal conductivity and expansion, non-linear stress-strain behaviour and fracture mechanics of short fibre reinforced polymers. With its distinguished team of authors, Science and engineering of short fibre reinforced polymer composites is a standard reference for anyone involved in the development, manufacture and use of SFRPs. It will also provide an in-depth understanding of the behaviour of these versatile materials. Reviews the mechanical properties and functions of short fibre reinforced polymer composites (SFRP) Examines recent developments in the fundamental mechanisms of SFRP's Assesses major factors affecting mechanical performance such as stress transfer and strength

Discontinuous Fiber Composites Volume II

Discontinuous Fiber Composites  Volume II Book
Author : Tim A Osswald,Christoph Kuhn
Publisher : Mdpi AG
Release : 2021-09-13
ISBN : 9783036512921
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discontinuous fiber-reinforced polymers have gained importance in transportation industries due to their outstanding material properties, lower manufacturing costs and superior lightweight characteristics. One of the most attractive attributes of discontinuous fiber-reinforced composites is the ease with which they can be manufactured in large numbers, using injection and compression molding processes. The main aim of this Special Issue is to collect various investigations focused on the processing of discontinuous fiber-reinforced composites and the effect that processing has on fiber orientation, fiber length and fiber density distributions throughout the final product. Papers presenting investigations on the effect that fiber configurations have on the mechanical properties of the final composite products and materials were welcome in the Special Issue. Researchers who model and simulate processes involving discontinuous fiber composites as well as those performing experimental studies involving these composites were welcomed to submit papers. The authors were encouraged to present new models, constitutive laws, and measuring and monitoring techniques to provide a complete framework on these groundbreaking materials and to facilitate their use in different engineering applications.

Fiber Technology for Fiber Reinforced Composites

Fiber Technology for Fiber Reinforced Composites Book
Author : M. Ozgur Seydibeyoglu,Amar K. Mohanty,Manjusri Misra
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-05-22
ISBN : 0081009933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fiber Technology for Fiber-Reinforced Composites provides a detailed introduction to fiber reinforced composites, explaining the mechanics of fiber reinforced composites, along with information on the various fiber types, including manufacturing of fibers (starting from monomers and precursors), fiber spinning techniques, testing of fibers, and surface modification of fibers. As material technologies develop, composite materials are becoming more and more important in transportation, construction, electronics, sporting goods, the defense industry, and other areas of research. Many engineers working in industry and academics at universities are trying to manufacture composite materials using a limited number of fiber types with almost no information on fiber technology, fiber morphology, fiber properties, and fiber sizing agents. This book fills that gap in knowledge. Unique in that it focuses on a broad range of different fiber types used in composites manufacturing Contains contributions from leading experts working in both industry and academia Provides comprehensive coverage on both natural and nanofibers

Fiber Reinforced Composites

Fiber Reinforced Composites Book
Author : Joseph Kuruvilla,Kristiina Oksman,George Gejo,Runcy Wilson,Saritha Appukuttan
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-03-20
ISBN : 0128210915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer-based fibre-reinforced composites FRC’s have now come out as a major class of structural materials being used or regarded as substituent’s for metals in several critical components in space, automotive and other industries (marine, and sports goods) owing to their low density, strength-weight ratio, and fatigue strength. FRC’s have several commercial as well as industrial applications ranging from aircraft, space, automotive, sporting goods, marine, and infrastructure. The above-mentioned applications of FRC’s clearly reveal that FRC’s have the potential to be used in a broad range of different engineering fields with the added advantages of low density, and resistance to corrosion compared to conventional metallic and ceramic composites. However, for scientists/researchers/R&D’s to fabricate FRC’s with such potential there should be careful and precise design followed by suitable process development based on properties like mechanical, physical, and thermal that are unique to each application. Hence the last few decades have witnessed considerable research on fibre reinforced composites. Fibre Reinforced Composites: Constituents, Compatibility, Perspectives and Applications presents a widespread all-inclusive review on fibre-reinforced composites ranging from the different types of processing techniques to chemical modification of the fibre surface to enhance the interfacial adhesion between the matrix and fibre and the structure-property relationship. It illustrates how high value composites can be produced by efficient and sustainable processing methods by selecting different constituents [fibres and resins]. Researchers in academia working in composites and accompanying areas [materials characterisation] and industrial manufacturers who need information on composite constituents and how they relate to each other for a certain application will find the book extremely useful when they need to make decisions about materials selection for their products. Focuses on the different types of FRC’s that are currently available (e.g. from polymeric matrices to metallic and ceramic matrices, from carbon fibre to different types of natural fibres and from short to long fibre reinforced), their processing techniques, characterization of different properties, and how to improve the interfacial adhesion between an incompatible fibre and matrix and their applications Looks at crisis areas such as how to incorporate incompatible fibres and matrices together (e.g. Non-polar polypropylene matrix is not compatible with that of polar natural fibres and hence suitable surface modifications are required to make them compatible with each other) along with low cost processing methods, low density and high strength Uncovers clarifications to both elementary and practical problems related to the fabrication of FRCs Schematic representations depicting the interaction between different fibre types and matrices will be provided in some chapters

Fiber Reinforced Composites

Fiber Reinforced Composites Book
Author : P.K. Mallick
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-11-19
ISBN : 1420005987
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The newly expanded and revised edition of Fiber-Reinforced Composites: Materials, Manufacturing, and Design presents the most up-to-date resource available on state-of-the-art composite materials. This book is unique in that it not only offers a current analysis of mechanics and properties, but also examines the latest advances in test metho

Metallurgical and Geometrical Factors Affecting Elevated temperature Tensile Properties of Discontinuous fiber Composites

Metallurgical and Geometrical Factors Affecting Elevated temperature Tensile Properties of Discontinuous fiber Composites Book
Author : Donald W. Petrasek
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1967
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Metallurgical and Geometrical Factors Affecting Elevated temperature Tensile Properties of Discontinuous fiber Composites book written by Donald W. Petrasek, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fiber Reinforced Composites

Fiber Reinforced Composites Book
Author : P.K. Mallick
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1993-05-24
ISBN : 9780824790318
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Maintaining the interdisciplinary perspective of the first edition, this reference and text provides comprehensive discussions of all aspects of fiber-reinforced composites, including materials, mechanics, properties, test methods, manufacturing and design. Written from a conceptual point of view and emphasizing fundamentals, the second edition of Fiber Reinforced Composites offers updated and expanded sections including: fibers and matrix, including thermoplastic matrices; discontinuous fibers and laminated structures; static mechanical properties, fatigue properties and damage tolerance; resin flow, bag molding, filament winding and resin transfer molding; and environmental effects.

Composites Engineering Handbook

Composites Engineering Handbook Book
Author : P.K. Mallick
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1997-03-19
ISBN : 9780824793043
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offers information on the fundamental principles, processes, methods and procedures related to fibre-reinforced composites. The book presents a comparative view, and provides design properties of polymeric, metal, ceramic and cement matrix composites. It also gives current test methods, joining techniques and design methodologies.

Microstructural Design of Fiber Composites

Microstructural Design of Fiber Composites Book
Author : Tsu-Wei Chou
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2005-09-15
ISBN : 9780521019651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the issue of designing the microstructure of fiber composite materials in order to obtain optimum performance. Besides the systematic treatment of conventional continuous and discontinuous fiber composites, the book also presents the state-of-the-art of the development of textile structural composites as well as the nonlinear elastic finite deformation theory of flexible composites. The author's experience during twenty years of research and teaching on composite materials is reflected in the broad spectrum of topics covered, including laminated composites, statistical strength theories of continuous fiber composites, short fiber composites, hybrid composites, two- and three-dimensional textile structural composites and flexible composites. This book provides the first comprehensive analysis and modeling of the thermo-mechanical behavior of fiber composites with these distinct microstructures. Overall, the inter-relationships among the processing, microstructures and properties of these materials are emphasized throughout the book. The book is intended as a text for graduate or advanced undergraduate students, but will also be an excellent reference for all materials scientists and engineers who are researching or working with these materials.

Analysis and Performance of Fiber Composites

Analysis and Performance of Fiber Composites Book
Author : Bhagwan D. Agarwal,Lawrence J. Broutman
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release : 1990-10-08
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Having fully established themselves as workable engineering materials, composite materials are now increasingly commonplace around the world. Serves as both a text and reference guide to the behavior of composite materials in different engineering applications. Revised for this Second Edition, the text includes a general discussion of composites as material, practical aspects of design and performance, and further analysis that will be helpful to those engaged in research on composites. Each chapter closes with references for further reading and a set of problems that will be useful in developing a better understanding of the subject.

3D Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites

3D Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites Book
Author : L. Tong,A.P. Mouritz,M. Bannister
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002-11-20
ISBN : 9780080525822
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) composites are used in almost every type of advanced engineering structure, with their usage ranging from aircraft, helicopters and spacecraft through to boats, ships and offshore platforms and to automobiles, sports goods, chemical processing equipment and civil infrastructure such as bridges and buildlings. The usage of FRP composites continues to grow at an impessive rate as these materials are used more in their existing markets and become established in relatively new markets such as biomedical devices and civil structures. A key factor driving the increased applications of composites over the recent years is the development of new advanced forms of FRP materials. This includes developments in high performance resin systems and new styles of reinforcement, such as carbon nanotubes and nanoparticles. This book provides an up-to-date account of the fabrication, mechanical properties, delamination resistance, impact tolerance and applications of 3D FRP composites. The book focuses on 3D composites made using the textile technologies of weaving, braiding, knitting and stiching as well as by z-pinning.

Structural Composite Materials

Structural Composite Materials Book
Author : F. C. Campbell
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1615031405
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with all aspects of advanced composite materials; what they are, where they are used, how they are made, their properties, how they are designed and analyzed, and how they perform in-service. It covers both continuous and discontinuous fiber composites fabricated from polymer, metal, and ceramic matrices, with an emphasis on continuous fiber polymer matrix composites.

Handbook of Ceramics and Composites

Handbook of Ceramics and Composites Book
Author : Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-08-25
ISBN : 1000444562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is concerned with the structural and physical properties of important classes of composite and ceramic materials of engineering importance, covering synthesis of the materials by casting and solidification routes.

Continuous Discontinuous Fiber Reinforced Polymers

Continuous   Discontinuous Fiber Reinforced Polymers Book
Author : Thomas Böhlke,Frank Henning,Andrew Hrymak,Luise Kärger,Kay Weidenmann,Jeffrey T. Wood
Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Release : 2019-08-05
ISBN : 1569906939
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discontinuous long fiber reinforced polymer structures with local continuous fiber reinforcements represent an important class of lightweight materials with broad design possibilities and diverse technical applications, e.g. in vehicle construction. However, in contrast to continuous fiber reinforced composites, extensively used in the aircraft industry, there is still a lack of integrated and experimentally proven concepts for manufacture, modeling, and dimensioning of combinations of discontinuously and continuously reinforced polymer structures. This is partly ascribed to the complexity of the manufacturing processes of discontinuously reinforced polymers, with heterogeneous, anisotropic, and nonlinear material and structural properties, but also to the resulting bonding problem of both material types. This book addresses these issues, including both continuous and discontinuous fiber processing strategies. Specific design strategies for advanced composite reinforcement strategies are provided, with an integrated and holistic approach taken for composites material selection, product design, and mechanical properties. Characterization, simulation, technology, design, future research, and implementation directions are also included. Especially in the field of application of three-dimensional load-bearing structures, this book provides an excellent foundation for the enhancement of scientific methods and the education of engineers who need an interdisciplinary understanding of process and material techniques, as well as simulation and product development methods.