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Direct Versus Indirect Realism

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Direct versus Indirect Realism

Direct versus Indirect Realism Book
Author : John R. Smythies,Robert E French
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-12
ISBN : 0128121424
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Direct versus Indirect Realism: A Neurophilosophical Debate on Consciousness brings together leading neuroscientists and philosophers to explain and defend their theories on consciousness. The book offers a one-of-a-kind look at the radically opposing theories concerning the nature of the objects of immediate perception—whether these are distal physical objects or phenomenal experiences in the conscious mind. Each side—neuroscientists and philosophers—offers accessible, comprehensive explanations of their points-of-view, with each side also providing a response to the other that offers a unique approach on opposing positions. It is the only book available that combines thorough discussion of the arguments behind both direct and indirect realism in a single resource, and is required reading for neuroscientists, neurophilosophers, cognitive scientists and anyone interested in conscious perception and the mind-brain connection. Combines discussion of both direct realism and indirect realism in a single, accessible resource Provides a thorough, well-rounded understanding of not only the opposing views of neuroscientists and philosophers on the nature of conscious perception, but also insight into why the opposition persists Offers a unique "dialog" approach, with neuroscientists and philosophers providing responses and rebuttals to one another’s contributions

Perception and its Objects

Perception and its Objects Book
Author : Bill Brewer
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-03-07
ISBN : 0191511625
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bill Brewer presents, motivates, and defends a bold new solution to a fundamental problem in the philosophy of perception. What is the correct theoretical conception of perceptual experience, and how should we best understand the most fundamental nature of our perceptual relation with the physical objects in the world around us? Most theorists today analyse perception in terms of its representational content, in large part in order to avoid fatal problems attending the early modern conception of perception as a relation with particular mind-dependent objects of experience. Having set up the underlying problem and explored the lessons to be learnt from the various difficulties faced by opposing early modern responses to it, Bill Brewer argues that this contemporary approach has serious problems of its own. Furthermore, the early modern insight that perception is most fundamentally to be construed as a relation of conscious acquaintance with certain direct objects of experience is, he claims, perfectly consistent with the commonsense identification of such direct objects with persisting mind-independent physical objects themselves. Brewer here provides a critical, historical account of the philosophy of perception, in order to present a defensible vindication of empirical realism.

Sketches of Landscapes

Sketches of Landscapes Book
Author : Avrum Stroll
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 1997-12-08
ISBN : 9780262264518
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Avrum Stroll accepts the ancient tradition that one of the tasks of philosophy is to give an accurate account of the world's features, both animate and inanimate. But, he contends, because these features are inexhaustibly complex, no single theory or conceptual model can provide a complete account. Stroll's approach is piecemeal and example-oriented. In stressing the importance of examples, his work runs counter to one of the most powerful and seductive ways of thinking about the world—the Platonic tradition, which denigrates examples in the search for qualities or essences. Stroll favors pluralism, on the ground that this is how the world is.The "landscapes" of the title refers to various conceptual landscapes. Using the methodological approach he calls philosophy by example, the author discusses seven major problems of epistemology, metaphysics, and the philosophy of language: skepticism, direct reference theories and natural kinds, the relationship between the microscopic and macroscopic, the logic of examples, direct reference and fiction, holistic theories of meaning, and direct versus indirect realism in perception. It is the author's method that binds together the different topics, but the method is not the message. What matters are the substantive results. His unique analyses reveal new understandings of some difficult problems.

Phenomenal Qualities

Phenomenal Qualities Book
Author : Paul Coates,Sam Coleman
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0198712715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A team of distinguished philosophers and psychologists explore the nature of phenomenal qualities, the qualities of conscious experiences, and the ways in which they fit in with our understanding of mind and reality. This volume offers an indispensable resource for anyone wishing to understand the nature of conscious experience.

Perceiving Acting and Knowing

Perceiving  Acting and Knowing Book
Author : Robert Shaw,John Bransford
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-03-27
ISBN : 1315467917
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Originally published in 1977, the chapters in this volume derive from a conference on Perceiving, Acting and Knowing held by the Center for Research in Human Learning at the University of Minnesota in 1973. The volume was intended to appeal, not just to the specialist or the novice, but to anyone sufficiently interested in psychology to have obtained a sense of its history at the time. Through these essays the authors express a collective attitude that a careful scrutiny of the fundamental tenets of contemporary psychology may be needed. In some essays specific faults in the foundations of an area are discussed, and suggestions are made for remedying them. In other essays the authors flirt with more radical solutions, namely, beginning from new foundations altogether. Although the authors do not present a monolithic viewpoint, a careful reading of all their essays under one cover reveals a glimpse of a new framework by which theory and research may be guided.

Knowledge of God

Knowledge of God Book
Author : Alvin Plantinga,Michael Tooley
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-02-17
ISBN : 1444301314
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Is belief in God epistemically justified? That's the question at the heart of this volume in the Great Debates in Philosophy series, with Alvin Plantinga and Michael Tooley each addressing this fundamental question with distinctive arguments from opposing perspectives. The first half of the book contains each philosopher's explanation of his particular view; the second half allows them to directly respond to each other's arguments, in a lively and engaging conversation Offers the reader a one of a kind, interactive discussion Forms part of the acclaimed Great Debates in Philosophy series

The Routledge Companion to Seventeenth Century Philosophy

The Routledge Companion to Seventeenth Century Philosophy Book
Author : Dan Kaufman
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-01
ISBN : 1317676963
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Routledge Companion to Seventeenth Century Philosophy is an outstanding survey of one of the most important eras in the history of Western philosophy - one which witnessed philosophical, scientific, religious and social change on a massive scale. A team of twenty international contributors provide students and scholars of philosophy and related disciplines with a detailed and accessible guide to seventeenth century philosophy. The Companion is divided into seven parts: Historical Context Metaphysics Epistemology Mind and Language Moral and Political Philosophy Natural Philosophy and the Material World Philosophical Theology. Major topics and themes are explored and discussed, including the scholastic context that shaped philosophy of the period, free will, skepticism, logic, mind-body problems, consciousness, arguments for the existence of God, and the problem of evil. As such The Routledge Companion to Seventeenth Century Philosophy is essential reading for all students of the period, both in philosophy and related disciplines such as literature, history, politics, and religious studies.

Conflicting Values of Inquiry

Conflicting Values of Inquiry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2015-01-08
ISBN : 9004282556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conflicting Values of Inquiry explores how certain non-epistemic values had been turned into epistemic ones, how they had an effect on epistemic content, and how they became ideologies of knowledge playing various roles in inquiry and application throughout early modern Europe.

Realism Versus Realism

Realism Versus Realism Book
Author : Chhanda Gupta
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780742513877
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Realism versus Realism defends the metaphysics of 'Internal Realism, ' a view authored by Hilary Putnam, and seeks to build on its basis an immanent realistic position to resolve two conflicts: the conflict between realism and some forms of anti-realism, especially relativism which involves constructivism and subjectivism; and also between two forms of realism itself, namely transcendent and immanent. Contra transcendent realism, author Chhanda Gupta rejects the absolute view of realities that (a) transcend our concept forming powers, (b) transcend our cognitive abilities, and (c) are said to have features by themselves, not as things appear to us. Contra relativism of the anti-realist stripe, Gupta defends conceptual relativity without letting it drift towards constructivism and subjectivism. This general theory of realism minus absolutism, and relativism minus subjectivism and constructivism, may be seen to have a relevance for our moral and social image of the world by showing how pluralism can avoid the ills of absolutism without ushering in intellectual and moral anarchy.

Enlightenment East and West

Enlightenment East and West Book
Author : Leonard Angel
Publisher : SUNY Press
Release : 1994-01-01
ISBN : 9780791420539
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book shows that mysticism is incomplete without scientific rationalism, and that our current social and political projects cannot be completed without assimilating the values and practices of mysticism. It discusses cross-cultural ethics, mysticism and value theory, mysticism and metaphysics, mysticism and the theory of knowledge, ethics and religion, parapsychology, patriarchy, and social and political history.

Malebranche

Malebranche Book
Author : Andrew Pyle
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2003-12-08
ISBN : 1134440413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nicolas Malebranche (1638-1715) is one of the most important philosophers of the seventeenth century after Descartes. A pioneer of rationalism, he was one of the first to champion and to further Cartesian ideas. Andrew Pyle places Malebranche's work in the context of Descartes and other philosophers, and also in its relation to ideas about faith and reason. He examines the entirety of Malebranche's writings, including the famous The Search After Truth, which was admired and criticized by both Leibniz and Locke. Pyle presents an integrated account of Malebranche's central theses, occasionalism and 'vision in God', before exploring and assessing Malebranche's contribution to debates on physics and biology, and his views on the soul, self-knowledge, grace and the freedom of the will. This penetrating and wide-ranging study will be of interest to not only philosophers, but also to historians of science and philosophy, theologians, and students of the Enlightenment or seventeenth century thought.

The Metaphysics of Memory

The Metaphysics of Memory Book
Author : Sven Bernecker
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-05-08
ISBN : 1402082193
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book investigates central issues in the philosophy of memory and is the first book on the metaphysics of memory in four decades. It defends a version of the causal theory of memory and argues for direct realism about memory.

Extrasensory Perception Support Skepticism and Science 2 volumes

Extrasensory Perception  Support  Skepticism  and Science  2 volumes  Book
Author : Edwin C. May,Sonali Bhatt Marwaha
Publisher : ABC-CLIO
Release : 2015-06-23
ISBN : 1440832889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scholars from around the world collaborate to explain the history of parapsychology, the study of extrasensory perception (ESP), and the arguments of skeptics and supporters in this fascinating collection. • Features theoretical viewpoints based in quantum mechanics, quantum metaphors, time symmetry, entropy, neuroscience bases, and psychological underpinnings • Provides descriptions of government and privately funded research across the United States and Europe as well as on other continents • Helps to dispel the general misconceptions and inaccuracies about ESP and psychokinesis • Includes a glossary of key terms

History and Philosophy of Psychology

History and Philosophy of Psychology Book
Author : Prof. Chavi Bhargava Sharma,Dr. Anita Gupta
Publisher : The Readers Paradise
Release : 2020-07-15
ISBN : 9389990408
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The history and philosophy of psychology is an account of the past, a record of how and what happened to make psychology what it is today. Like all history the history of psychology is both interesting and boring too. It has been taught in universities as ‘Systems and Theories of Psychology’, ‘History and Philosophy of Psychology’ etc. but is a mandatory paper for all those studying psychology in any university in the world. Yet surprisingly not very many books have been written. The books on the grand historical evolution of psychology from philosophy are complex and academic. For students the paper becomes theoretical and less exciting too. When I started my teaching career ‘Systems and Theories of Psychology’ was the first paper I taught in Daulat Ram College and Lady Shriram College, University of Delhi. It was a difficult paper to begin your career with and that is when I looked at ways to make the paper interesting and captivating. This book owes its genesis to that phase. History can be looked as a documentation of the past but history is also an autobiography and a biography. The history of psychology is also its autobiography and biography. It is alive with trials and mistakes, discoveries and aha moments and is a story waiting to unfold, waiting to be read. This book is written for those entering the world of psychology. It gives an insight into the evolution and genesis of the current concepts and theories. An attempt has been made to keep it simple and easy to understand. In the 10 chapters an attempt has been to parsimoniously capture the tenets of the various schools of psychology and the contributions of various psychologists who have been instrumental in creating the discipline of psychology. Each idea, each thesis that was formulated led to an anti thesis, a revolution, and a synthesis and that in a nutshell is the story of the evolution of psychology. The book follows this paradigm. If the book can generate interest to read in depth, then the book’s existence is validated and I do hope that the book makes you the reader look for more and I hope it makes you curious and interested in the field of psychology

New Issues in Epistemological Disjunctivism

New Issues in Epistemological Disjunctivism Book
Author : Casey Doyle,Joseph Milburn,Duncan Pritchard
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-04-29
ISBN : 1351603558
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first volume dedicated solely to the topic of epistemological disjunctivism. The original essays in this volume, written by leading and up-and-coming scholars on the topic, are divided into three thematic sections. The first set of chapters addresses the historical background of epistemological disjunctivism. It features essays on ancient epistemology, Immanuel Kant, J.L. Austin, Edmund Husserl, and Ludwig Wittgenstein. The second section tackles a number contemporary issues related to epistemological disjunctivism, including its relationship with perceptual disjunctivism, radical skepticism, and reasons for belief. Finally, the third group of essays extends the framework of epistemological disjunctivism to other forms of knowledge, such as testimonial knowledge, knowledge of other minds, and self-knowledge. Epistemological Disjunctivism is a timely collection that engages with an increasingly important topic in philosophy. It will appeal to researches and graduate students working in epistemology, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of perception.

Beyond Physicalism

Beyond Physicalism Book
Author : Edward F. Kelly,Adam Crabtree,Paul Marshall
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2015-02-19
ISBN : 1442232404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The rise of modern science has brought with it increasing acceptance among intellectual elites of a worldview that conflicts sharply both with everyday human experience and with beliefs widely shared among the world’s great cultural traditions. Most contemporary scientists and philosophers believe that reality is at bottom purely physical, and that human beings are nothing more than extremely complicated biological machines. On such views our everyday experiences of conscious decision-making, free will, and the self are illusory by-products of the grinding of our neural machinery. It follows that mind and personality are necessarily extinguished at death, and that there exists no deeper transpersonal or spiritual reality of any sort. Beyond Physicalism is the product of an unusual fellowship of scientists and humanities scholars who dispute these views. In their previous publication, Irreducible Mind, they argued that physicalism cannot accommodate various well-evidenced empirical phenomena including paranormal or psi phenomena, postmortem survival, and mystical experiences. In this new theory-oriented companion volume they go further by attempting to understand how the world must be constituted in order that these “rogue” phenomena can occur. Drawing upon empirical science, metaphysical philosophy, and the mystical traditions, the authors work toward an improved “big picture” of the general character of reality, one which strongly overlaps territory traditionally occupied by the world’s institutional religions, and which attempts to reconcile science and spirituality by finding a middle path between the polarized fundamentalisms, religious and scientific, that have dominated recent public discourse. Contributions by: Harald Atmanspacher, Loriliai Biernacki, Bernard Carr, Wolfgang Fach, Michael Grosso, Michael Murphy, David E. Presti, Gregory Shaw, Henry P. Stapp, Eric M. Weiss, and Ian Whicher

Starting with Berkeley

Starting with Berkeley Book
Author : Nick Jones
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2009-06-28
ISBN : 1441121617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

George Berkeley (1685-1753) was one of the most important and influential philosophers in the history of Western thought. He is most famous for his controversial denial of the existence of matter, and for his 'idealism' - the claim that everyday objects are simply collections of ideas in the mind. Starting with Berkeley provides a detailed overview of Berkeley's philosophy, a user-friendly guide to the interpretation of his arguments, and the opportunity for the reader to critically engage with Berkeley's philosophical moves via an examination of some of the common objections which have been raised against them. The book also introduces the major philosophical figures and theories that influenced and inspired Berkeley's thinking and gives a clear sense of the controversy that surrounds the interpretation and evaluation of his ideas.

Design Dictionary

Design Dictionary Book
Author : Michael Erlhoff,Timothy Marshall
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release : 2008-01-01
ISBN : 376438140X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This dictionary provides a stimulating and categorical foundation for a serious international discourse on design. It is a handbook for everyone concerned with design in career or education, who is interested in it, enjoys it, and wishes to understand it. 110 authors from Japan, Austria, England, Germany, Australia, Switzerland, the Netherlands, the United States, and elsewhere have written original articles for this design dictionary. Their cultural differences provide perspectives for a shared understanding of central design categories and communicating about design. The volume includes both the terms in use in current discussions, some of which are still relatively new, as well as classics of design discourse. A practical book, both scholarly and ideal for browsing and reading at leisure.

Contextuality from Quantum Physics to Psychology

Contextuality from Quantum Physics to Psychology Book
Author : Ehtibar Dzhafarov,Scott Jordan,Ru Zhang,Victor Cervantes
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2015-11-30
ISBN : 9814730629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book explores the variety of meanings of contextuality across different disciplines, with the emphasis on quantum physics and on psychology. Contents:Conversations on Contextuality (Ehtibar N Dzhafarov & Janne V Kujala)Contextual Semantics (Samson Abransky)From Coupling to Copula (Hans Colonius)Einstein, Bohm, and Leggett-Garg (Guido Bacciagaluppi)It is the Theory Which Decides What We Can Observe (Thomas Filk)Reality, Contextuality, and Probability in Quantum Theory and Beyond (Arkady Plotnitsky)Contextual Emergence (Harald Atmanspacher)Contextuality in Physics and Quantum Cognition (J Acacio de Barros & Gary Oas)End-Directedness and Context in Nonliving Dissipative Systems (James A Dixon, Dilip Kondepudi, Bruce A Kay & Tehran J Davis)Foregrounding the Background (J Scott Jordan, Jiuyang Bai, Vincent Cialdella & Daniel Schloesser)Symmetry-Breaking in Multiagent Coordination (Michael J Richardson & Rachel W Kallen)Probabilistic Contextuality (Janne V Kujala & Ehtibar N Dzhafarov)Quantum Thinking and Counterfactual Reasoning (Louis Narens)Quantum Theory, Active Information and the Mind-Matter Problem (Paavo Pylkkänen)Principles Defining Quantum Mechanics (Gary Oas & J Acacio de Barros)Our (Represented) World: A Quantum-Like Object (Ariane Lambert-Mogiliansky & Francois Dubois)Why Would You Want to Borrow from My Discipline? (Emmanuel Haven)Quantum Information Biology (Masanari Asano, Irina Basieva, Andrei Khrennikov, Masanori Ohya, Yoshiharu Tanaka & Ichiro Yamato)Similarity Judgments: From Classical to Complex Vector Psychological Spaces (Albert Barque Duran, Emmanuel M Pothos, James M Yearsley, James A Hampton, Jerome R Busemeyer & Jennifer S Trueblood)A Quantum Bayes Net Approach to Causal Reasoning (Jennifer S Trueblood, Percy K Mistry & Emmanuel M Pothos) Readership: Researchers in quantum physics, mathematical modelling and cognitive science. Key Features:It is historically the first book dedicated entirely to contextualityIt is interdisciplinary, involving quantum physicists, computer scientists, mathematicians, analytic philosophers, economists, and psychologistsIts chapters are written by leading specialists in these various fieldsKeywords:Contextuality;Quantum Physics;Psychology

Reading Philosophy

Reading Philosophy Book
Author : Samuel Guttenplan,Jennifer Hornsby,Christopher Janaway,John Schwenkler
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-01-05
ISBN : 1119094682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A key introductory philosophy textbook, making use of an innovative, interactive technique for reading philosophical texts Reading Philosophy: Selected Texts with a Method for Beginners, Second Edition, provides a unique approach to reading philosophy, requiring students to engage with material as they read. It contains carefully selected texts, commentaries on those texts, and questions for the reader to think about as she reads. It serves as starting points for both classroom discussion and independent study. The texts cover a wide range of topics drawn from diverse areas of philosophical investigation, ranging over ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of mind, aesthetics, and political philosophy. This edition has been updated and expanded. New chapters discuss the moral significance of friendship and love, the subjective nature of consciousness and the ways that science might explore conscious experience. And there are new texts and commentary in chapters on doubt, self and moral dilemmas. Guides readers through the experience of active, engaged philosophical reading Presents significant texts, contextualized for newcomers to philosophy Includes writings by philosophers from antiquity to the late 20th-century Contains commentary that provides the context and background necessary for discussion and argument Prompts readers to think through specific questions and to reach their own conclusions This book is an ideal resource for beginning students in philosophy, as well as for anyone wishing to engage with the subject on their own.