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Direct Microbial Conversion Of Biomass To Advanced Biofuels

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Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels

Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels Book
Author : Michael E Himmel
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-05-19
ISBN : 0444595899
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels' is a stylized text that is rich in both the basic and applied sciences. It provides a higher level summary of the most important aspects of the topic, addressing critical problems solved by deep science. Expert users will find new, critical methods that can be applied to their work, detailed experimental plans, important outcomes given for illustrative problems, and conclusions drawn for specific studies that address broad based issues. A broad range of readers will find this to be a comprehensive, informational text on the subject matter, including experimentalists and even CEOs deciding on new business directions. Describes an important new field in biotechnology, the consolidated conversion of lignocellulosic feedstocks to advanced fuels Up-to-date views of promising technologies used in the production of advanced biofuels Presents the newest ideas, well-designed experiments, and outcomes Provides outstanding illustrations from NREL and contributing researchers Contains contributions from leaders in the field that provide numerous examples and insights into the most important aspects of the topic

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals

Biomass  Biofuels  Biochemicals Book
Author : Ashok Pandey,R. D. Tyagi,Sunita Varjani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-02
ISBN : 0128218932
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemical: Circular Bioeconomy: Current Developments and Future Outlook presents the views of experienced academicians and researchers working in the area of the circular bioeconomy. This book presents an assortment of Resource recovery, Waste Biorefineries, Bio-electrochemical systems, Biopolymers and Green solvents, Bio-adsorbents, and Technology transfer topics. Environmental engineers, biotechnologists, science graduates, chemical engineers, industrial experts and policymakers working in these areas will find the information on the circular economy and its important part in developing low carbon and resource-productive economies very informative. Methodologies and beneficial strategic approaches to address the usage of wastes from agriculture, co-products, and by-products are also discussed. Provides information on recent developments in technology transfer and global scenarios of circular bioeconomy as a single point of reference for any query regarding circular economies Covers information on the recovery of resources, waste biorefineries and bio-electrochemical systems, and product development surrounding the circular bioeconomy Includes information on the integration of processes and technologies for the production of biofuels and value-added products Presents strategic integrations of various techniques/bioprocess that are essential in establishing a circular biorefinery

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals

Biomass  Biofuels  Biochemicals Book
Author : Sudhir P. Singh,Ashok Pandey,Reeta Rani Singhania,Christian Larroche,Zhi Li
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-03
ISBN : 0128198214
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Enzyme Catalysis and Technologies intends to provide the basic structural and functional descriptions, and classification of enzymes. The scientific information related to the recombinant enzyme modifications, discovery of novel enzymes and development of synthetic enzymes are also presented. The translational aspects of enzyme catalysis and bioprocess technologies are illustrated, by emphasizing the current requirements and future perspectives of industrial biotechnology. Several case studies are included on enzymes for biofuels application, micro algal biorefineries, high-value bioactive molecules production and enzymes for environmental processes, such as enzymatic bioprocessing for functional food development, biocatalytic technologies for the production of functional sweetener, etc. Provides a conceptual understanding of enzyme catalysis, enzyme engineering, discovery of novel enzymes, and technology perspectives Includes comprehensive information about the inventions and advancement in enzyme system development for biomass processing and functional food developmental aspects Gives an updated reference for education and understanding of enzyme technology

Sustainable Bioconversion of Waste to Value Added Products

Sustainable Bioconversion of Waste to Value Added Products Book
Author : Inamuddin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-18
ISBN : 3030618374
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Sustainable Bioconversion of Waste to Value Added Products book written by Inamuddin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bioprospecting of Plant Biodiversity for Industrial Molecules

Bioprospecting of Plant Biodiversity for Industrial Molecules Book
Author : Santosh Kumar Upadhyay,Sudhir P. Singh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-08-23
ISBN : 1119717213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

BIOPROSPECTING OF PLANT BIODIVERSITY FOR INDUSTRIAL MOLECULES A comprehensive collection of recent translational research on bioresource utilization and ecological sustainability Bioprospecting of Plant Biodiversity for Industrial Molecules provides an up-to-date overview of the ongoing search for biodiverse organic compounds for use in pharmaceuticals, bioceuticals, agriculture, and other commercial applications. Bringing together work from a panel of international contributors, this comprehensive monograph covers natural compounds of plants, endophyte enzymes and their applications in industry, plant bioprospecting in cosmetics, marine bioprospecting of seaweeds, and more. Providing global perspectives on bioprospecting of plant biodiversity, the authors present research on enzymes, mineral micro-nutrients, biopesticides, algal biomass, and other bioactive molecules. In-depth chapters assess the health impacts and ecological sustainability of the various biomolecules and identify existing and possible applications ranging from ecological restoration to production of essential oils and cosmetics. Other topics include, bio-energy crops as alternative fuel resources, the role of plants in phytoremediation of industrial waste, and the industrial applications of endophyte enzymes. This comprehensive resource: Includes a through introduction to plant biodiversity and bioprospecting Will further the knowledge of application of different plants and improve research investigation techniques. Summarizes novel approaches for researchers in food science, microbiology, biochemistry, and biotechnology Bioprospecting of Plant Biodiversity for Industrial Molecules is an indispensable compendium of biological research for scientists, researchers, graduate and postgraduate students, and academics in the areas of microbiology, food biotechnology, industrial microbiology, plant biotechnology, and microbial biotechnology.

Agricultural Waste Diversity and Sustainability Issues

Agricultural Waste Diversity and Sustainability Issues Book
Author : Peter Onu,Charles Mbohwa
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-02-15
ISBN : 0323858007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agricultural Waste Diversity and Sustainability Issues: Sub Saharan Africa as Case Study presents solutions for overcoming limitations, guiding developmental processes, and improving knowledge transfer in agricultural waste management and development. The book gives considerable attention to treatment and conversion, with best management practices involving the reduction and elimination of waste volume in its various forms, sectors and streams. Sections cover waste management in the agriculture and food sector, including methodological approaches in waste preparation and processes, the most important energy generation techniques and strategies, and best practices, management, sustainability, associated technologies, accountability, communications, and involvement surrounding diverse stakeholders. Finally, the book illustrates the use of mathematical models to minimize operational cost in agro-waste management processes and discusses the application of eco-efficiency. Ultimately, the book focuses on the prospect of agro-wastes management and risk associated in the sub-Saharan African region, including Nigeria, Uganda and South Africa as case studies. Captures a solutions-based assessment that redresses the challenges created by a poor biodiversity strategy in Sub-Saharan Africa to meet present needs in SSA and around the world Provides foundational information for agricultural diversity, food waste elimination, clean energy production, and technology emergence Enables a greater understanding of the state-of-the-art approach for effective biodegradable waste management Inspires further research into sustainable and cost-effective biowaste operations, wastes management models, methodologies for utilization and nascent technologies that are capable of bolstering clean energy generation

Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass

Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass Book
Author : Ashok Pandey,Thallada Bhaskar,Michael Stöcker,Rajeev Sukumaran
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-01-28
ISBN : 0444632905
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides general information and data on one of the most promising renewable energy sources: biomass for its thermochemical conversion. During the last few years, there has been increasing focus on developing the processes and technologies for the conversion of biomass to liquid and gaseous fuels and chemicals, in particular to develop low-cost technologies. This book provides date-based scientific information on the most advanced and innovative processing of biomass as well as the process development elements on thermochemical processing of biomass for the production of biofuels and bio-products on (biomass-based biorefinery). The conversion of biomass to biofuels and other value-added products on the principle biorefinery offers potential from technological perspectives as alternate energy. The book covers intensive R&D and technological developments done during the last few years in the area of renewable energy utilizing biomass as feedstock and will be highly beneficial for the researchers, scientists and engineers working in the area of biomass-biofuels- biorefinery. Provides the most advanced and innovative thermochemical conversion technology for biomass Provides information on large scales such as thermochemical biorefinery Useful for researchers intending to study scale up Serves as both a textbook for graduate students and a reference book for researchers Provides information on integration of process and technology on thermochemical conversion of biomass

Advances in the Regulation and Production of Fungal Enzymes by Transcriptomics Proteomics and Recombinant Strains Design

Advances in the Regulation and Production of Fungal Enzymes by Transcriptomics  Proteomics and Recombinant Strains Design Book
Author : André Damasio,Gustavo H. Goldman,Roberto N. Silva,Fernando Segato
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-10-04
ISBN : 2889630536
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Several efforts have been made in developing strategies to supply the enzyme market, as well as in reducing its costs. It includes the selection of an appropriate enzyme source and the optimization of enzyme properties and secretion. Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes (CAZymes) are industrially relevant biocatalysts that are capable of degrading plant cell wall biomass. The most important secreted enzymes related to plant cell wall decomposition are cellulases, hemicellulases, and auxiliary enzymes. These enzymes have been applied in the hydrolysis of plant biomass for the production of second-generation (2G) ethanol and several other high added value products. One of the bottlenecks for 2G ethanol production is the cost of enzymes applied on plant biomass hydrolysis. The improvement of proteins production by fungi applying system biology and genetic engineering is an interesting and promising strategy to reduce the enzymes cost and make the 2G ethanol production viable. Fungi play an important role in plant biomass degradation and biotechnology by producing and secreting high yields of enzymes. In spite of the fact that filamentous fungi present several advantages compared to other microorganisms due to the high level of proteins production, heterologous protein production is far from optimal levels and still needs to be improved. Currently, heterologous production of certain proteins is generally considerably lower than the levels obtained to homologous production. Many strategies have been studied in order to improve heterologous production of proteins by filamentous fungi, including the deletion of genes that encode for proteases, the deletion of lectin-like ER-Golgi cargo receptors and the co-expression of specific chaperones. It has been shown that the main bottleneck in the production of heterologous proteins is not caused by the low expression of the target gene. An experimental evidence suggests that most target proteins produced in filamentous fungi are lost or stuck in the secretory pathway due to errors in processing, modification or misfolding that result in their elimination by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) quality control. Misfolded proteins alter homeostasis and proper ER functioning resulting in a state known as ER stress. ER stress activates a conserved signaling pathway called unfolded protein response (UPR) and ER-associated protein degradation (ERAD), which upregulates genes responsible for restoring protein folding homeostasis in the cell and degrades misfolded protein in the cytosol by the ubiquitin-proteasome system. The genetic manipulation of individual genes and changes in the genome seems not to be the best alternative to overcome the main bottlenecks in heterologous protein secretion. However, the understanding of complex interactions of important proteins and genes, as well as how they are regulated is more promising.

Genetic and Genome Wide Insights into Microbes Studied for Bioenergy

Genetic and Genome Wide Insights into Microbes Studied for Bioenergy Book
Author : Katherine M. Pappas,Ed Louis,Nigel Minton,Biswarup Mukhopadhyay,Shane Yang
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-01-27
ISBN : 2889450856
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The global mandate for safer, cleaner and renewable energy has accelerated research on microbes that convert carbon sources to end-products serving as biofuels of the so-called first, second or third generation – e.g., bioethanol or biodiesel derived from starchy, sugar-rich or oily crops; bioethanol derived from composite lignocellulosic biomass; and biodiesels extracted from oil-producing algae and cyanobacteria, respectively. Recent advances in ‘omics’ applications are beginning to cast light on the biological mechanisms underlying biofuel production. They also unravel mechanisms important for organic solvent or high-added-value chemical production, which, along with those for fuel chemicals, are significant to the broader field of Bioenergy. The Frontiers in Microbial Physiology Research Topic that led to the current e-book publication, operated from 2013 to 2014 and welcomed articles aiming to better understand the genetic basis behind Bioenergy production. It invited genetic studies of microbes already used or carrying the potential to be used for bioethanol, biobutanol, biodiesel, and fuel gas production, as also of microbes posing as promising new catalysts for alternative bioproducts. Any research focusing on the systems biology of such microbes, gene function and regulation, genetic and/or genomic tool development, metabolic engineering, and synthetic biology leading to strain optimization, was considered highly relevant to the topic. Likewise, bioinformatic analyses and modeling pertaining to gene network prediction and function were also desirable and therefore invited in the thematic forum. Upon e-book development today, we, at the editorial, strongly believe that all articles presented herein – original research papers, reviews, perspectives and a technology report – significantly contribute to the emerging insights regarding microbial-derived energy production. Katherine M. Pappas, 2016

Microbial Enzymes Roles and Applications in Industries

Microbial Enzymes  Roles and Applications in Industries Book
Author : Naveen Kumar Arora,Jitendra Mishra,Vaibhav Mishra
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-28
ISBN : 981151710X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

“Microbial Enzymes: Roles and applications in industry” offers an essential update on the field of microbial biotechnology, and presents the latest information on a range of microbial enzymes such as fructosyltransferase, laccases, amylases, lipase, and cholesterol oxidase, as well as their potential applications in various industries. Production and optimisation technologies for several industrially relevant microbial enzymes are also addressed. In recent years, genetic engineering has opened up new possibilities for redesigning microbial enzymes that are useful in multiple industries, an aspect that the book explores. In addition, it demonstrates how some of the emerging issues in the fields of agriculture, environment and human health can be resolved with the aid of green technologies based on microbial enzymes. The topics covered here will not only provide a better understanding of the commercial applications of microbial enzymes, but also outline futuristic approaches to use microbial enzymes as driver of industrial sustainability. Lastly, the book is intended to provide readers with an overview of recent applications of microbial enzymes in various industrial sectors, and to pique researchers’ interest in the development of novel microbial enzyme technologies to meet the changing needs of industry.

Frontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels

Frontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels Book
Author : Eduardo Jacob-Lopes,Leila Queiroz Zepka
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-01-25
ISBN : 9535128914
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Frontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels presents an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the possibilities for production and use of bioenergy, biofuels, and coproducts. Issues related to environment, food, and energy present serious challenges to the success and stability of nations. The challenge to provide energy to a rapidly increasing global population has made it imperative to find new technological routes to increase production of energy while also considering the biosphere's ability to regenerate resources. The bioenergy and biofuels are resources that may provide solutions to these critical challenges. Divided into 25 discreet parts, the book covers topics on characterization, production, and uses of bioenergy, biofuels, and coproducts. Frontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels provides an insight into future developments in each field and extensive bibliography. It will be an essential resource for researchers and academic and industry professionals in the energy field.

Solar to Fuel Conversion in Algae and Cyanobacteria

Solar to Fuel Conversion in Algae and Cyanobacteria Book
Author : Cinzia Formighieri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-04-17
ISBN : 3319167308
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

​This volume is focused on solar-to-fuel conversion using algae and cyanobacteria for advanced generation biofuels. Production of biofuels needs to rely on cheap and renewable resources, in order to be economically viable and environmentally sustainable in the long term. Solar energy is an abundant and renewable resource, and strategies for solar-to-fuel conversion have the potential to sustain our energy demands in the long term and to be carbon-dioxide neutral. First generation biofuels are those already on the market, such as bio-ethanol from sugarcane and corn starch, biodiesel from oil seed crops. However, development of a single biofuel, as efficient as it may be, would be insufficient and could not sustain the global demand for energy. The next generation of advanced biofuels explores alternative feedstocks and technologies, finding novel solar-to-fuel solutions. Algae and cyanobacteria can convert sunlight into chemical energy through the process of photosynthesis. They represent an alternative with respect to crops for solar-to-fuel conversion that does not compete with food for arable land. This SpringerBrief focuses only on solar-to-fuel conversion for production of advanced biofuels, pointing to the importance of relying on the sun for our sustainability in the long term. It is the only current publication to discuss the problem of light-utilization inefficiency during mass cultivation of micro-algae. This review also addresses the potential of cyanobacteria for the generation of direct photosynthesis-to-fuel platforms and discusses both possibilities and constraints for future developments.

Fungi in Fuel Biotechnology

Fungi in Fuel Biotechnology Book
Author : Gholamreza Salehi Jouzani,Meisam Tabatabaei,Mortaza Aghbashlo
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-28
ISBN : 3030444880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to the huge quantity and diverse nature of their metabolic pathways, fungi have great potential to be used for the production of different biofuels such as bioethanol, biobutanol, and biodiesel. This book presents recent advances, as well as challenges and promises, of fungal applications in biofuel production, subsequently discussing plant pathogenic fungi for bioethanol and biodiesel production, including their mechanisms of action. Additionally, this book reviews biofuel production using plant endophytic fungi, wood-rotting fungi, fungal biocontrol agents, and gut fungi, and it investigates highly efficient fungi for biofuel production and process design in fungal-based biofuel production systems. Finally, life cycle assessment of fungal-based biofuel production systems are discussed in this volume.

Frontiers in Soil and Environmental Microbiology

Frontiers in Soil and Environmental Microbiology Book
Author : Suraja Kumar Nayak,Bibhuti Bhusan Mishra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-03-03
ISBN : 0429941048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil harbours a wide range of microorganisms with biotic potentials which can be explored for social benefits. The book Frontiers in Soil and Environmental Microbiology comprises an overview of the complex inter-relationship between beneficial soil microbes and crop plants, and highlights the potential for utilisation to enhance crop productivity, bioremediation and soil health. The book focusses on important areas of research such as biocide production, pesticide degradation and detoxification, microbial decay processes, remediation of soils contaminated with toxic metals, industrial wastes, and hydrocarbon pollutants. Features Presents the state of the art of microbial research in environmental and soil microbiology Discusses an integrated and systematic compilation of microbes in the soil environment and its role in agriculture and plant growth and productivity Elucidates microbial application in environmental remediation Explores advanced genomics topics for uncultivable microbes of soil

Microbial Technologies in Advanced Biofuels Production

Microbial Technologies in Advanced Biofuels Production Book
Author : Patrick C. Hallenbeck
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-12-15
ISBN : 1461412072
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Concerns over dwindling fossil fuel reserves and impending climate changes have focused attention worldwide on the need to discover alternative, sustainable energy sources and fuels. Biofuels, already produced on a massive industrial scale, are seen as one answer to these problems. However, very real concerns over the effects of biofuel production on food supplies, with some of ht recent increases in worldwide food costs attributable to biofuel production, have lead to the realization that new, non-food substrates for biofuel production must be bought online. This book is an authoritative, comprehensive, up-to-date review of the various options under development for the production of advanced biofuels as alternative energy sources. A general overview and introductory chapters for each section place the field in the context as well as provide essential basic notions for the more general reader. Accomplished, internationally recognized experts carrying out research on individual focus areas contribute specific technical chapters detailing present progress and future prospects.

New Microbial Technologies for Advanced Biofuels

New Microbial Technologies for Advanced Biofuels Book
Author : Juan Carlos Serrano-Ruiz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-06-01
ISBN : 1498728847
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. The world needs renewable and clean forms of energy. Biofuels offer an alternative to fossil fuels, but first-generation biofuels had many challenges to be overcome. One strategy that second-generation biofuels are employing is microbial technology. This compendium volume gathers together recent investigations within this vital field of research. It offers: An overview of the topic Investigations into the varieties of microorganisms useful for this technology Pretreatment methodologies Genetic engineering research that will further this technology Internationally recognized experts contribute chapters on their individual areas of research within this vital field of study. The book offers an authoritative platform from which graduate students and scientists can build future investigations that will create still more advanced biofuels.

Biomass to Energy Conversion Technologies

Biomass to Energy Conversion Technologies Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-22
ISBN : 0128184019
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass to Energy Conversion Technologies: The Road to Commercialization examines biomass production, biomass types, properties and characterization, and energy conversion technologies with an emphasis on the production of a gaseous fuel to supplement the gas derived from the landfilling of organic wastes (landfill gas) and used in gas engines to produce electricity. The book discusses the integration of both fermentation and anaerobic digestion in a biorefinery concept that allows the production of ethanol—along with biogas—to be used to produce heat and electricity, thus improving overall energy balance. Included case studies based on worldwide projects discuss both risks and challenges. The main studies on the combination of both bioethanol and biogas production processes are reviewed and the strength and weakness of the integrated treatment for industrial application are highlighted. The book also considers gasification technologies and their potential for biomass gasification and lists the advantages and disadvantages of using of biomass as a source of energy, the path of commercialization of the various processes, energy related environmental issues. Highlights commercialization and technological risks Discusses challenges, limitations and future prospects of third- and fourth generation biofuels Includes integration of both fermentation and anaerobic digestion in a biorefinery concept Discusses energy related environment issues (Greenhouse effect, acid rain, air pollution)

Biofuels

Biofuels Book
Author : David M. Mousdale
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-06-04
ISBN : 1420051253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evaluating a wealth of quantitative data, Biofuels: Biotechnology, Chemistry, and Sustainable Development discusses different types of biofuels, the science behind their production, the economics of their introduction to the marketplace, their environmental impacts, and their implications for world agriculture. It broadens the discussion on biofuel

Pretreatment and Bioconversion of Crop Residues

Pretreatment and Bioconversion of Crop Residues Book
Author : Carlos Martín
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-08-26
ISBN : 3036514104
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book, 15 papers, covering some of the latest advances in pretreatment and bioconversion of crop residues, are presented. Research results dealing with wheat straw, corn stover, sweet sorghum bagasse, hazelnut shells, oil palm empty fruit bunch, olive tree pruning biomass, and other residues of crop harvest and processing are discussed. Pretreatment methods, such as auto-catalyzed and acid-catalyzed hydrothermal processing, steaming, alkaline methods, and different organosolv approaches, are reported. Bioconversion with enzymes and microbes for producing fermentable sugars, xylitol, and biomethane are also included.

Pretreatment of Biomass

Pretreatment of Biomass Book
Author : Ashok Pandey,Sangeeta Negi,Parmeswaran Binod,Christian Larroche
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-09-18
ISBN : 0128003960
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pretreatment of Biomass provides general information, basic data, and knowledge on one of the most promising renewable energy sources—biomass for their pretreatment—which is one of the most essential and critical aspects of biomass-based processes development. The quest to make the environment greener, less polluted, and less hazardous has led to the concept of biorefineries for developing bio-based processes and products using biomass as a feedstock. Each kind of biomass requires some kind of pretreatment to make it suitable for bioprocess. This book provides state-of-art information on the methods currently available for this. This book provides data-based scientific information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatment of lignocellulosic and algal biomass for further processing. Pretreatment of biomass is considered one of the most expensive steps in the overall processing in a biomass-to-biofuel program. With the strong advancement in developing lignocellulose biomass- and algal biomass-based biorefineries, global focus has been on developing pretreatment methods and technologies that are technically and economically feasible. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the latest developments in methods used for the pretreatment of biomass. An entire section is devoted to the methods and technologies of algal biomass due to the increasing global attention of its use. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatament processes and technologies for biomass Covers information on lignocellulosic and algal biomass to work on the principles of biorefinery Useful for researchers intending to study scale-up Provides information on integration of processes and technologies for the pretreatment of biomass