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Digital Terrain Analysis In Soil Science And Geology

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Digital Terrain Analysis in Soil Science and Geology

Digital Terrain Analysis in Soil Science and Geology Book
Author : Igor Florinsky
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011-09-23
ISBN : 0123850363
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book is the first attempt to synthesize knowledge on theory, methods, and applications of digital terrain analysis in the context of multiscale problems of soil science and geology. The content of the book is based on long-standing, interdisciplinary research of the author. The book is addressed to geomorphometrists, soil scientists, geologists, geoscientists, geomorphologists, geographers, and GIS scientists (at scholar, lecturer, and postgraduate student levels, with mathematical skills). This book is also intended for the GIS professionals in industry and research laboratories focusing on geoscientific and soil research. The book is divided into three parts. Part I represents main concepts, principles, and methods of digital terrain modeling. Part II discusses various aspects of the use of digital terrain analysis in soil science. Part III looks at applications of digital terrain modeling in geology"--

Digital Terrain Analysis in Soil Science and Geology

Digital Terrain Analysis in Soil Science and Geology Book
Author : Igor Florinsky
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-07-11
ISBN : 0128046333
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Digital Terrain Analysis in Soil Science and Geology, Second Edition, synthesizes the knowledge on methods and applications of digital terrain analysis and geomorphometry in the context of multi-scale problems in soil science and geology. Divided into three parts, the book first examines main concepts, principles, and methods of digital terrain modeling. It then looks at methods for analysis, modeling, and mapping of spatial distribution of soil properties using digital terrain analysis, before finally considering techniques for recognition, analysis, and interpretation of topographically manifested geological features. Digital Terrain Analysis in Soil Science and Geology, Second Edition, is an updated and revised edition, providing both a theoretical and methodological basis for understanding and applying geographical modeling techniques. Presents an integrated and unified view of digital terrain analysis in both soil science and geology Features research on new advances in the field, including DEM analytical approximation, analytical calculation of local morphometric variables, morphometric globes, and two-dimensional generalized spectral analytical methods Includes a rigorous description of the mathematical principles of digital terrain analysis Provides both a theoretical and methodological basis for understanding and applying geographical modeling

Terrain Analysis

Terrain Analysis Book
Author : John P. Wilson,John C. Gallant
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2000-08-03
ISBN : 9780471321880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The only reference on the use of GIS and related technologies in terrain analysis In this landmark publication, reflecting the collaborative effort of thirteen research groups based in four countries, leading experts detail how GIS and related technologies, such as GPS and remote sensing, are now being used, with the aid of computer modeling, in terrain analysis. Continuing the innovative work of Professor Ian Moore, a visionary who saw terrain analysis as a robust method for modeling the large areas and complex spatial patterns of environmental systems, Terrain Analysis puts into action TAPES, or Terrain Analysis Programs for Environmental Sciences, Dr. Moore's innovative tool for terrain analysis. The book's contributors describe how TAPES are applied to specific geomorphologic problems, explain the algorithms used in current terrain analysis software, and examine the interpretation and use of terrain attributes in predictive models. With expert coverage of terrain analysis in the digital age, Terrain Analysis will be welcomed by ecologists, environmental engineers, geographers, and hydrologists who increasingly depend on GIS, GPS, and remote sensing.

Environmental Applications of Digital Terrain Modeling

Environmental Applications of Digital Terrain Modeling Book
Author : John P. Wilson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-02-15
ISBN : 1118938178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A digital elevation model (DEM) is a digital representation of ground surface topography or terrain. It is also widely known as a digital terrain model (DTM). A DEM can be represented as a raster (a grid of squares) or as a vector based triangular irregular network (TIN). DEMs are commonly built using remote sensing techniques, but they may also be built from land surveying. DEMs are used often in geographic information systems, and are the most common basis for digitally-produced relief maps. The terrain surface can be described as compromising of two different elements; random and systematic. The random (stochastic) elements are the continuous surfaces with continuously varying relief. It would take an endless number of points to describe exactly the random terrain shapes, but these can be described in practice with a network of point. It is usual to use a network that creates sloping triangles or regular quadrants. This book examines how the methods and data sources used to generate DEMs and calculate land surface parameters have changed over the past 25 years. The primary goal is to describe the state-of-the-art for a typical digital terrain modeling workflow that starts with data capture, continues with data preprocessing and DEM generation, and concludes with the calculation of one or more primary and secondary land surface parameters. Taken as a whole, this book covers the basic theory behind the methods, the instrumentation, analysis and interpretation that are embedded in the modern digital terrain modeling workflow, the strengths and weaknesses of the various methods that the terrain analyst must choose among, typical applications of the results emanating from these terrain modeling workflows, and future directions. This book is intended for researchers and practitioners who wish to use DEMs, land surface parameters, land surface objects and landforms in environmental projects. The book will also be valuable as a reference text for environmental scientists who are specialists in related fields and wish to integrate these kinds of digital terrain workflows and outputs into their own specialized work environments.

Guidelines for Surveying Soil and Land Resources

Guidelines for Surveying Soil and Land Resources Book
Author : NJ McKenzie,MJ Grundy,R Webster,AJ Ringrose-Voase
Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
Release : 2008-04-07
ISBN : 0643099050
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Guidelines for Surveying Soil and Land Resources promotes the development and implementation of consistent methods and standards for conducting soil and land resource surveys in Australia. These surveys are primarily field operations that aim to identify, describe, map and evaluate the various kinds of soil or land resources in specific areas. The advent of geographic information systems, global positioning systems, airborne gamma radiometric remote sensing, digital terrain analysis, simulation modelling, efficient statistical analysis and internet-based delivery of information has dramatically changed the scene in the past two decades. As successor to the Australian Soil and Land Survey Handbook: Guidelines for Conducting Surveys, this authoritative guide incorporates these new methods and techniques for supporting natural resource management. Soil and land resource surveyors, engineering and environmental consultants, commissioners of surveys and funding agencies will benefit from the practical information provided on how best to use the new technologies that have been developed, as will professionals in the spatial sciences such as geomorphology, ecology and hydrology.

Digital Soil Mapping

Digital Soil Mapping Book
Author : Janis L. Boettinger,David W. Howell,Amanda C. Moore,Alfred E. Hartemink,Suzann Kienast-Brown
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-06-28
ISBN : 9048188636
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Digital Soil Mapping is the creation and the population of a geographically referenced soil database. It is generated at a given resolution by using field and laboratory observation methods coupled with environmental data through quantitative relationships. Digital soil mapping is advancing on different fronts at different rates all across the world. This book presents the state-of-the art and explores strategies for bridging research, production, and environmental application of digital soil mapping.It includes examples from North America, South America, Europe, Asia, and Australia. The chapters address the following topics: - evaluating and using legacy soil data - exploring new environmental covariates and sampling schemes - using integrated sensors to infer soil properties or status - innovative inference systems predicting soil classes, properties, and estimating their uncertainties - using digital soil mapping and techniques for soil assessment and environmental application - protocol and capacity building for making digital soil mapping operational around the globe.

Geomorphological Techniques

Geomorphological Techniques Book
Author : Andrew Goudie
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2003-09-02
ISBN : 1134813023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The specialist contributors to Geomorphological Techniques have thoroughly augmented and updated their original, authoritative coverage with critical evaluations of major recent developments in this field. A new chapter on neotectonics reflects the impact of developments in tectonic theory, and heavily revised sections deal with advances in remote sensing, image analysis, radiometric dating, geomorphometry, data loggers, radioactive tracers, and the determination of pore water pressure and the rates of denudation.

Digital Terrain Modeling

Digital Terrain Modeling Book
Author : Zhilin Li,Christopher Zhu,Chris Gold
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-11-29
ISBN : 0203486749
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by experts, Digital Terrain Modeling: Principles and Methodology provides comprehensive coverage of recent developments in the field. The topics include terrain analysis, sampling strategy, acquisition methodology, surface modeling principles, triangulation algorithms, interpolation techniques, on-line and off-line quality control in data a

Encyclopedia of Mathematical Geosciences

Encyclopedia of Mathematical Geosciences Book
Author : B. S. Daya Sagar,Qiuming Cheng,Jennifer McKinley,Frits Agterberg
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2023-06-29
ISBN : 9783030850395
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Encyclopedia of Mathematical Geosciences is a complete and authoritative reference work. It provides concise explanation on each term that is related to Mathematical Geosciences. Over 300 international scientists, each expert in their specialties, have written around 350 separate articles on different topics of mathematical geosciences including contributions on Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, Compositional Data Analysis, Geomathematics, Geostatistics, Geographical Information Science, Mathematical Morphology, Mathematical Petrology, Multifractals, Multiple Point Statistics, Spatial Data Science, Spatial Statistics, and Stochastic Process Modeling. Each topic incorporates cross-referencing to related articles, and also has its own reference list to lead the reader to essential articles within the published literature. The entries are arranged alphabetically, for easy access, and the subject and author indices are comprehensive and extensive.

Digital Soil Mapping with Limited Data

Digital Soil Mapping with Limited Data Book
Author : Alfred E. Hartemink,Alex B. McBratney,Maria de Lourdes Mendonça-Santos
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-07-11
ISBN : 1402085923
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Signi?cant technological advances have been few and far between in the past approximately one hundred years of soil survey activities. Perhaps one of the most innovative techniques in the history of soil survey was the introduction of aerial photographs as base maps for ?eld mapping, which replaced the conventional base map laboriously prepared by planetable and alidade. Such a relatively simple idea by today’s standards revolutionized soil surveys by vastly increasing the accuracy and ef?ciently. Yet, even this innovative approach did not gain universal acceptance immediately and was hampered by a lack of aerial coverage of the world, funds to cover the costs, and in some cases a reluctance by some soil mappers and cartog- phers to change. Digital Soil Mapping (DSM), which is already being used and tested by groups of dedicated and innovative pedologists, is perhaps the next great advancement in delivering soil survey information. However, like many new technologies, it too has yet to gain universal acceptance and is hampered by ignorance on the part of some pedologists and other scientists. DSM is a spatial soil information system created by numerical models that - count for the spatial and temporal variations of soil properties based on soil - formation and related environmental variables (Lagacheric and McBratney, 2007).

Geopedology

Geopedology Book
Author : Joseph Alfred Zinck,Graciela Metternicht,Gerardo Bocco,Héctor Francisco Del Valle
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-23
ISBN : 3319191594
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a proven approach for reliable mapping of soil-landscape relationships to derive information for policy, planning and management at scales ranging from local to regional. It presents the theoretical and conceptual framework of the geopedologic approach and a bulk of applied research showing its application and benefits for knowledge generation relevant to geohazard studies, land use conflict analysis, land use planning, land degradation assessment, and land suitability analysis. Soil is a vital resource for society at large and an important determinant of the economic status of nations. The intensification of natural disasters and the increased land use competition for food and energy have raised awareness of the relevant role the pedosphere plays in natural and anthropogenic environments. Recent papers and global initiatives show a renewed interest in soil research and its applications for improved planning and management of this fragile and finite resource.

ARC INFO

ARC INFO Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download ARC INFO book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Acta montana

Acta montana Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contains resumes of dissertations produced by the Institute, final reports of grants and projects, etc.

Canadian Journal of Soil Science

Canadian Journal of Soil Science Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Canadian Journal of Soil Science book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

A Guide to Forensic Geology

A Guide to Forensic Geology Book
Author : L.J. Donnelly,D. Pirrie,M. Harrison,A. Ruffell,L.A. Dawson
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2021-08-26
ISBN : 1786204886
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic geology is the application of geology to aid the investigation of crime. A Guide to Forensic Geology was written by the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS), Initiative on Forensic Geology (IFG), which was established to promote and develop forensic geology around the world. This book presents the first practical guide for forensic geologists in search and geological trace evidence analysis. Guidance is provided on using geological methods during search operations. This developed following international case work experiences and research over the last 25 years for homicide graves, burials associated with serious and organised crime and counter terrorism. With expertise gained in over 300 serious crime investigations, the guidance also considers geological trace evidence, including the examination of crime scenes, geological evidence recovery and analysis from exhibits and the reporting of results. The book also considers the judicial system, reporting and requirements for presenting evidence in court. Included are emerging applications of geology to police and law enforcement: illegal and illicit mining, conflict minerals, substitution, adulteration, fraud and fakery.

Continuous Classification and Visualization of Soil Layers

Continuous Classification and Visualization of Soil Layers Book
Author : Brian Kenneth Slater
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Continuous Classification and Visualization of Soil Layers book written by Brian Kenneth Slater, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Terrain Analysis and Distributed Modelling in Hydrology

Terrain Analysis and Distributed Modelling in Hydrology Book
Author : K. J. Beven,Ian E. Moore,I. D. Moore
Publisher : John Wiley & Son Limited
Release : 1993-03-02
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Leading authorities present the latest advances and anticipate future research directions in this rapidly growing field. New techniques involving simulation visualization software and workstation computer power are considered. Features concepts regarding direct application of newly obtained data and the use of derived indices to assess hydrological, geomorphological and ecological potentials or risk.

GIS World Sourcebook

GIS World Sourcebook Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download GIS World Sourcebook book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

ARC INFO Documentation Surface Modeling with TIN

ARC INFO Documentation  Surface Modeling with TIN Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download ARC INFO Documentation Surface Modeling with TIN book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.