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Diffusion Mri And Microstructure

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Introduction to Diffusion Tensor Imaging

Introduction to Diffusion Tensor Imaging Book
Author : Susumu Mori,J-Donald Tournier
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-08-02
ISBN : 0123984076
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concepts behind diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) are commonly difficult to grasp, even for magnetic resonance physicists. To make matters worse, a many more complex higher-order methods have been proposed over the last few years to overcome the now well-known deficiencies of DTI. In Introduction to Diffusion Tensor Imaging: And Higher Order Models, these concepts are explained through extensive use of illustrations rather than equations to help readers gain a more intuitive understanding of the inner workings of these techniques. Emphasis is placed on the interpretation of DTI images and tractography results, the design of experiments, and the types of application studies that can be undertaken. Diffusion MRI is a very active field of research, and theories and techniques are constantly evolving. To make sense of this constantly shifting landscape, there is a need for a textbook that explains the concepts behind how these techniques work in a way that is easy and intuitive to understand—Introduction to Diffusion Tensor Imaging fills this gap. Extensive use of illustrations to explain the concepts of diffusion tensor imaging and related methods Easy to understand, even without a background in physics Includes sections on image interpretation, experimental design, and applications Up-to-date information on more recent higher-order models, which are increasingly being used for clinical applications

Neuroimaging in Schizophrenia

Neuroimaging in Schizophrenia Book
Author : Marek Kubicki,Martha E. Shenton
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-18
ISBN : 3030352064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive book explains the importance of imaging techniques in exploring and understanding the role of brain abnormalities in schizophrenia. The findings obtained using individual imaging modalities and their biological interpretation are reviewed in detail, and updates are provided on methodology, testable hypotheses, limitations, and new directions for research. The coverage also includes important recent applications of neuroimaging to schizophrenia, for example in relation to non-pharmacological interventions, brain development, genetics, and prediction of treatment response and outcome. Written by world renowned experts in the field, the book will be invaluable to all who wish to learn about the newest and most important developments in neuroimaging research in schizophrenia, how these developments relate to the last 30 years of research, and how they can be leveraged to bring us closer to a cure for this devastating disorder. Neuroimaging in Schizophrenia will assist clinicians in navigating what is an extremely complex field and will be a source of insight and stimulation for researchers.

Diffusion MRI

Diffusion MRI Book
Author : Heidi Johansen-Berg,Timothy E.J. Behrens
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-04-28
ISBN : 9780080878515
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diffusion MRI is a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method that produces in vivo images of biological tissues weighted with the local microstructural characteristics of water diffusion, providing an effective means of visualizing functional connectivities in the nervous system. This book is the first comprehensive reference promoting the understanding of this rapidly evolving and powerful technology and providing the essential handbook for designing, analyzing or interpreting diffusion MR experiments. The book presents diffusion imaging in the context of well-established, classical experimental techniques, so that readers will be able to assess the scope and limitations of the new imaging technology with respect to techniques available previously. All chapters are written by leading international experts and cover methodology, validation of the imaging technology, application of diffusion imaging to the study of variation and development of normal brain anatomy, and disruption to the white matter in neurological disease or psychiatric disorder. • Discusses all aspects of a diffusion MRI study from acquisition, through analysis, to interpretation, providing an essential reference text for scientists designing or interpreting diffusion MR experiments • Practical advice on running an experiment • Full color throughout

Assessing Cellular Microstructure in Biological Tissues using In Vivo Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance

Assessing Cellular Microstructure in Biological Tissues using In Vivo Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Book
Author : Julien Valette,Itamar Ronen,Sune Nørhøj Jespersen
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-05-16
ISBN : 2889458415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopy (MRS) techniques have opened new doors for examining biological tissues in vivo. By combining sensitization to diffusion using magnetic field gradients with a variety of imaging and localization schemes, diffusion-weighted MRI and diffusion-weighted MRS allow investigating translational diffusion of endogenous molecules, such as water or metabolites, in biological tissues, most commonly the brain but also other organs such as the prostate. The typical voxel resolution of MRI or MRS is in the millimeter to centimeter range, much lower than the cellular scale. However, as molecules are typically diffusing over just a few µm during the duration of the measurement (the “diffusion time”) and encounter numerous biological membranes at these scales, the average cellular microstructure has a critical influence on the measured diffusion signal. Hence, diffusion-weighted MRI and diffusion-weighted MRS are sensitive to tissue microstructure at a scale well below the nominal imaging resolution. However, the connection between diffusion properties and tissue microstructure remains indirect, so any attempt to quantify microstructure will rely on modeling. The goal of this Research Topic was to gather experts in various acquisition and modeling strategies and show how these approaches, despite their own strengths and weaknesses, can yield unique information about cellular microstructure, and sometimes complement each other.

Computational Diffusion MRI

Computational Diffusion MRI Book
Author : Suheyla Cetin-Karayumak,Daan Christiaens,Matteo Figini,Pamela Guevara,Noemi Gyori,Vishwesh Nath,Tomasz Pieciak
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-25
ISBN : 3030876152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the proceedings of the International Workshop on Computational Diffusion MRI, CDMRI 2021, which was held on October 1, 2021, in conjunction with MICCAI 2021. The conference was planned to take place in Strasbourg, France, but was held virtually due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The 13 full papers included were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. The proceedings also contain a paper about the design and scope of the MICCAI Diffusion-Simulated Connectivity Challenge (DiSCo) which was held at CDMRI 2021. The papers were organized in topical sections as follows: acquisition; microstructure modelling; tractography and connectivity; applications and visualization; DiSCo challenge – invited contribution.

Diffusion MRI

Diffusion MRI Book
Author : Heidi Johansen-Berg,Timothy E.J. Behrens
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-11-04
ISBN : 0124055095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diffusion MRI remains the most comprehensive reference for understanding this rapidly evolving and powerful technology and is an essential handbook for designing, analyzing, and interpreting diffusion MR experiments. Diffusion imaging provides a unique window on human brain anatomy. This non-invasive technique continues to grow in popularity as a way to study brain pathways that could never before be investigated in vivo. This book covers the fundamental theory of diffusion imaging, discusses its most promising applications to basic and clinical neuroscience, and introduces cutting-edge methodological developments that will shape the field in coming years. Written by leading experts in the field, it places the exciting new results emerging from diffusion imaging in the context of classical anatomical techniques to show where diffusion studies might offer unique insights and where potential limitations lie. Fully revised and updated edition of the first comprehensive reference on a powerful technique in brain imaging Covers all aspects of a diffusion MRI study from acquisition through analysis to interpretation, and from fundamental theory to cutting-edge developments New chapters covering connectomics, advanced diffusion acquisition, artifact removal, and applications to the neonatal brain Provides practical advice on running an experiment Includes discussion of applications in psychiatry, neurology, neurosurgery, and basic neuroscience Full color throughout

Anisotropy Across Fields and Scales

Anisotropy Across Fields and Scales Book
Author : Evren Özarslan,Thomas Schultz,Eugene Zhang,Andrea Fuster
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030562158
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book focuses on processing, modeling, and visualization of anisotropy information, which are often addressed by employing sophisticated mathematical constructs such as tensors and other higher-order descriptors. It also discusses adaptations of such constructs to problems encountered in seemingly dissimilar areas of medical imaging, physical sciences, and engineering. Featuring original research contributions as well as insightful reviews for scientists interested in handling anisotropy information, it covers topics such as pertinent geometric and algebraic properties of tensors and tensor fields, challenges faced in processing and visualizing different types of data, statistical techniques for data processing, and specific applications like mapping white-matter fiber tracts in the brain. The book helps readers grasp the current challenges in the field and provides information on the techniques devised to address them. Further, it facilitates the transfer of knowledge between different disciplines in order to advance the research frontiers in these areas. This multidisciplinary book presents, in part, the outcomes of the seventh in a series of Dagstuhl seminars devoted to visualization and processing of tensor fields and higher-order descriptors, which was held in Dagstuhl, Germany, on October 28-November 2, 2018.

Computational Diffusion MRI

Computational Diffusion MRI Book
Author : Elisenda Bonet-Carne,Francesco Grussu,Lipeng Ning,Farshid Sepehrband,Chantal M. W. Tax
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-17
ISBN : 303005831X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume gathers papers presented at the Workshop on Computational Diffusion MRI (CDMRI’18), which was held under the auspices of the International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention in Granada, Spain on September 20, 2018. It presents the latest developments in the highly active and rapidly growing field of diffusion MRI. The reader will find papers on a broad range of topics, from the mathematical foundations of the diffusion process and signal generation, to new computational methods and estimation techniques for the in-vivo recovery of microstructural and connectivity features, as well as harmonisation and frontline applications in research and clinical practice. The respective papers constitute invited works from high-profile researchers with a specific focus on three topics that are now gaining momentum within the diffusion MRI community: i) machine learning for diffusion MRI; ii) diffusion MRI outside the brain (e.g. in the placenta); and iii) diffusion MRI for multimodal imaging. The book shares new perspectives on the latest research challenges for those currently working in the field, but also offers a valuable starting point for anyone interested in learning computational techniques in diffusion MRI. It includes rigorous mathematical derivations, a wealth of full-colour visualisations, and clinically relevant results. As such, it will be of interest to researchers and practitioners in the fields of computer science, MRI physics and applied mathematics alike.

Advanced Diffusion Encoding Methods in MRI

Advanced Diffusion Encoding Methods in MRI Book
Author : Daniel Topgaard
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2020-08-17
ISBN : 1788017269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The medical MRI community is by far the largest user of diffusion NMR techniques and this book captures the current surge of methods and provides a primary source to aid adoption in this field. There is a trend to adapting the more advanced diffusion encoding sequences developed by NMR researchers within the fields of porous media, chemical engineering, and colloid science to medical research. Recently published papers indicate great potential for improved diagnosis of the numerous pathological conditions associated with changes of tissue microstructure that are invisible to conventional diffusion MRI. This book disseminates these recent developments to the wider community of MRI researchers and clinicians. The chapters cover the theoretical basis, hardware and pulse sequences, data analysis and validation, and recent applications aimed at promoting further growth in the field. This is a fast moving field and chapters are written by key MRI scientists that have contributed to the successful translation of the advanced diffusion NMR methods to the context of medical MRI, from global locations.

Genetics Neurology Behavior and Diet in Parkinson s Disease

Genetics  Neurology  Behavior  and Diet in Parkinson s Disease Book
Author : Colin R. Martin,Victor R Preedy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-08-13
ISBN : 0128159510
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genetics, Neurology, Behavior, and Diet in Parkinson's Disease: The Neuroscience of Parkinson’s Disease, Volume 2 provides a single source of material covering different scientific domains of neuropathology underlying this condition. The book covers a wide range of subjects and unravels the complex relationships between genetics, molecular biology, pharmaceutical chemistry, neurobiology, imaging, assessments, and treatment regimens. It fills a much-needed gap as a "one-stop" synopsis of everything to do with the neurology and neuroscience related to Parkinson’s disease—from chemicals and cells to individuals. It is an invaluable resource for neuroscientists, neurologists, and anyone in the field. Offers the most comprehensive coverage of a broad range of topics related to Parkinson's disease Serves as a foundational collection for neuroscientists and neurologists on the biology of disease and brain dysfunction Contains in each chapter an abstract, key facts, mini dictionary of terms, and summary points to aid in understanding Features preclinical and clinical studies to help researchers map out key areas for research and further clinical recommendations Serves as a "one-stop" source for everything you need to know about Parkinson’s disease

Computational Diffusion MRI

Computational Diffusion MRI Book
Author : Noemi Gyori,Jana Hutter,Vishwesh Nath,Marco Palombo,Marco Pizzolato,Fan Zhang
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-29
ISBN : 3030730182
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gathers papers presented at the Workshop on Computational Diffusion MRI, CDMRI 2020, held under the auspices of the International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention (MICCAI), which took place virtually on October 8th, 2020, having originally been planned to take place in Lima, Peru. This book presents the latest developments in the highly active and rapidly growing field of diffusion MRI. While offering new perspectives on the most recent research challenges in the field, the selected articles also provide a valuable starting point for anyone interested in learning computational techniques for diffusion MRI. The book includes rigorous mathematical derivations, a large number of rich, full-colour visualizations, and clinically relevant results. As such, it is of interest to researchers and practitioners in the fields of computer science, MRI physics, and applied mathematics. The reader will find numerous contributions covering a broad range of topics, from the mathematical foundations of the diffusion process and signal generation to new computational methods and estimation techniques for the in-vivo recovery of microstructural and connectivity features, as well as diffusion-relaxometry and frontline applications in research and clinical practice.

Computational Diffusion MRI

Computational Diffusion MRI Book
Author : Elisenda Bonet-Carne,Francesco Grussu,Lipeng Ning,Farshid Sepehrband,Chantal M. W. Tax
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-07
ISBN : 9783030058302
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume gathers papers presented at the Workshop on Computational Diffusion MRI (CDMRI’18), which was held under the auspices of the International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention in Granada, Spain on September 20, 2018. It presents the latest developments in the highly active and rapidly growing field of diffusion MRI. The reader will find papers on a broad range of topics, from the mathematical foundations of the diffusion process and signal generation, to new computational methods and estimation techniques for the in-vivo recovery of microstructural and connectivity features, as well as harmonisation and frontline applications in research and clinical practice. The respective papers constitute invited works from high-profile researchers with a specific focus on three topics that are now gaining momentum within the diffusion MRI community: i) machine learning for diffusion MRI; ii) diffusion MRI outside the brain (e.g. in the placenta); and iii) diffusion MRI for multimodal imaging. The book shares new perspectives on the latest research challenges for those currently working in the field, but also offers a valuable starting point for anyone interested in learning computational techniques in diffusion MRI. It includes rigorous mathematical derivations, a wealth of full-colour visualisations, and clinically relevant results. As such, it will be of interest to researchers and practitioners in the fields of computer science, MRI physics and applied mathematics alike.

Biology of Adventitious Root Formation

Biology of Adventitious Root Formation Book
Author : Tim D. Davis,Bruce E. Haissig
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 1475794924
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Charles E. Hess Department of Environmental Horticulture University of California Davis, CA 95616 Research in the biology of adventitious root formation has a special place in science. It provides an excellent forum in which to pursue fundamental research on the regulation of plant growth and development. At the same time the results of the research have been quickly applied by commercial plant propagators, agronomists, foresters and horticulturists (see the chapter by Kovar and Kuchenbuch, by Ritchie, and by Davies and coworkers in this volume). In an era when there is great interest in speeding technology transfer, the experiences gained in research in adventitious root formation may provide useful examples for other areas of science. Interaction between the fundamental and the applied have been and continue to be facilitated by the establishment, in 1951, of the Plant Propagators' Society, which has evolved into the International Plant Propagators' Society, with active programs in six regions around the world. It is a unique organization which brings together researchers in universities, botanical gardens and arboreta, and commercial plant propagators. In this synergistic environment new knowledge is rapidly transferred and new ideas for fundamental research evolve from the presentations and discussions by experienced plant propagators. In the past 50 years, based on research related to the biology of adventitious root formation, advances in plant propagation have been made on two major fronts.

NMR Imaging of Materials

NMR Imaging of Materials Book
Author : Bernhard Blumich
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2000-08-10
ISBN : 0191545074
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

NMR imaging of materials is a field of increasing importance. Applications expand from fundamental science like the characterization of fluid transport in porous rock, catalyst pellets, and hemodialyzers into various fields of engineering for process optimization and product and quality control, for example, of polymer materials, biomaterials, elastomers, and ceramics. While the results of NMR imaging are being appreciated in a growing community, the methods of imaging are far more diverse for materials applications than for medical imaging of humans. This book provides an introduction to NMR imaging of materials covering solid-state NMR spectroscopy, imaging methods for liquid and solid samples, and unusual NMR in terms of special approaches to spatial resolution like an NMR surface scanner. Special attention is paid to the large variety of ways to generate image contrast - the most prominent feature of NMR. The text is strong on methodology, and includes today's important application areas.

Visualization and Processing of Tensor Fields

Visualization and Processing of Tensor Fields Book
Author : Joachim Weickert,Hans Hagen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-06-25
ISBN : 3540312722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Matrix-valued data sets – so-called second order tensor fields – have gained significant importance in scientific visualization and image processing due to recent developments such as diffusion tensor imaging. This book is the first edited volume that presents the state of the art in the visualization and processing of tensor fields. It contains some longer chapters dedicated to surveys and tutorials of specific topics, as well as a great deal of original work by leading experts that has not been published before. It serves as an overview for the inquiring scientist, as a basic foundation for developers and practitioners, and as as a textbook for specialized classes and seminars for graduate and doctoral students.

Computational Diffusion MRI

Computational Diffusion MRI Book
Author : Enrico Kaden,Francesco Grussu,Lipeng Ning,Chantal M. W. Tax,Jelle Veraart
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-04-02
ISBN : 3319738399
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents the latest developments in the highly active and rapidly growing field of diffusion MRI. The reader will find numerous contributions covering a broad range of topics, from the mathematical foundations of the diffusion process and signal generation, to new computational methods and estimation techniques for the in-vivo recovery of microstructural and connectivity features, as well as frontline applications in neuroscience research and clinical practice. These proceedings contain the papers presented at the 2017 MICCAI Workshop on Computational Diffusion MRI (CDMRI’17) held in Québec, Canada on September 10, 2017, sharing new perspectives on the most recent research challenges for those currently working in the field, but also offering a valuable starting point for anyone interested in learning computational techniques in diffusion MRI. This book includes rigorous mathematical derivations, a large number of rich, full-colour visualisations and clinically relevant results. As such, it will be of interest to researchers and practitioners in the fields of computer science, MRI physics and applied mathematics.

Electrospun Nanofibers

Electrospun Nanofibers Book
Author : Ashok Vaseashta,Nimet Bölgen
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-07-14
ISBN : 3030999580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the development of electrospun materials, fundamental principles of electrospinning process, controlling parameters, electrospinning strategies, and electrospun nanofibrous structures with specific properties for applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, textile, water treatment, sensor, and energy fields. This book can broadly be divided into three parts: the first comprises basic principles of electrospinning process, general requirements of electrospun materials and advancement in electrospinning technology, the second part describes the applications of electrospun materials in different fields and future prospects, while the third part describes applications that can be used in advanced manufacturing based on conjoining electrospinning and 3D printing. Electrospinning is the most successful process for producing functional nanofibers and nanofibrous membranes with superior chemical and physical properties. The unique properties of electrospun materials including high surface to volume ratio, flexibility, high mechanical strength, high porosity, and adjustable nanofiber and pore size distribution make them potential candidates in a wide range of applications in biomedical and engineering areas. Electrospinning is becoming more efficient and more specialized in order to produce particular fiber types with tunable diameter and morphology, tunable characteristics, having specific patterns and 3D structures. With a strong focus on fundamental materials science and engineering, this book provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the recent developments and novel perspectives of electrospun materials. This comprehensive book includes chapters that discuss the latest and emerging applications of nanofiber technology in various fields, specifically in areas such as wearable textile, biomedical applications, energy generation and storage, water treatment and environmental remediation, and sensors such as biomarkers in healthcare and biomedical engineering. Despite all these advancements, there are still challenges to be addressed and overcome for nanofiber technology to move towards maturation.

Diffusion MRI

Diffusion MRI Book
Author : Derek K Jones
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010-11-11
ISBN : 0199708703
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Professor Derek Jones, a world authority on diffusion MRI, has assembled most of the world's leading scientists and clinicians developing and applying diffusion MRI to produce an authorship list that reads like a "Who's Who" of the field and an essential resource for those working with diffusion MRI. Destined to be a modern classic, this definitive and richly illustrated work covers all aspects of diffusion MRI from basic theory to clinical application. Oxford Clinical Neuroscience is a comprehensive, cross-searchable collection of resources offering quick and easy access to eleven of Oxford University Press's prestigious neuroscience texts. Joining Oxford Medicine Online these resources offer students, specialists and clinical researchers the best quality content in an easy-to-access format.

MRI Techniques for Quantitative and Microstructure Imaging

MRI Techniques for Quantitative and Microstructure Imaging Book
Author : Zijing Dong (Scientist in electrical engineering and computer science)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The ability to map brain microstructures such as axonal fibers and myelin content is critical in improving our understanding of brain organization and neurological diseases. Quantitative MRI has been proved with its high sensitivity to microstructures, providing a safe, non-invasive approach for human in vivo imaging. However, quantitative MRI typically requires the acquisition of multiple images for biophysical model fitting, which leads to long scan time that consequently causes low SNR, low spatial resolution, image artifacts and vulnerability to motion.