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Diffuse Algorithms for Neural and Neuro Fuzzy Networks

Diffuse Algorithms for Neural and Neuro Fuzzy Networks Book
Author : Boris.A Skorohod
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2017-02-10
ISBN : 0128126108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diffuse Algorithms for Neural and Neuro-Fuzzy Networks: With Applications in Control Engineering and Signal Processing presents new approaches to training neural and neuro-fuzzy networks. This book is divided into six chapters. Chapter 1 consists of plants models reviews, problems statements, and known results that are relevant to the subject matter of this book. Chapter 2 considers the RLS behavior on a finite interval. The theoretical results are illustrated by examples of solving problems of identification, control, and signal processing. Properties of the bias, the matrix of second-order moments and the normalized average squared error of the RLS algorithm on a finite time interval are studied in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 deals with the problem of multilayer neural and neuro-fuzzy networks training with simultaneous estimation of the hidden and output layers parameters. The theoretical results are illustrated with the examples of pattern recognition, identification of nonlinear static, and dynamic plants. Chapter 5 considers the estimation problem of the state and the parameters of the discrete dynamic plants in the absence of a priori statistical information about initial conditions or its incompletion. The Kalman filter and the extended Kalman filter diffuse analogues are obtained. Finally, Chapter 6 provides examples of the use of diffuse algorithms for solving problems in various engineering applications. This book is ideal for researchers and graduate students in control, signal processing, and machine learning. Presents a new approach to training which can be applied to solve the control, identification, signal processing, and classification problems arising in practice Offers an improvement from the existing learning techniques in control, robotics, and machine learning Provides examples of the use of diffuse algorithms for solving problems in various engineering applications

Diffuse Algorithms for Neural Networks

Diffuse Algorithms for Neural Networks Book
Author : Ghanta BABU
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-12
ISBN : 9781792846038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The problem of neural and neuro-fuzzy networks training is considered in this book. The author's attention is concentrated on the approaches which are based on the use of a separable structure of plants models--nonlinear with respect to some unknown parameters and linear relating to the others. It may be, for example, a multilayered perceptron with a linear activation function at its output, a radial base neural network, a neuro-fuzzy Sugeno network, or a recurrent neural network, which are widely used in a variety of applications relating to the identification and control of nonlinear plants, time series forecasting, classification, and recognition.

Advantages and Pitfalls of Pattern Recognition

Advantages and Pitfalls of Pattern Recognition Book
Author : Horst Langer,Susanna Falsaperla,Conny Hammer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-23
ISBN : 0128118431
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advantages and Pitfalls of Pattern Recognition presents various methods of pattern recognition and classification, useful to geophysicists, geochemists, geologists, geographers, data analysts, and educators and students of geosciences. Scientific and technological progress has dramatically improved the knowledge of our planet with huge amounts of digital data available in various fields of Earth Sciences, such as geology, geophysics, and geography. This has led to a new perspective of data analysis, requiring specific techniques that take several features into consideration rather than single parameters. Pattern recognition techniques offer a suitable key for processing and extracting useful information from the data of multivariate analysis. This book explores both supervised and unsupervised pattern recognition techniques, while providing insight into their application. Offers real-world examples of techniques for pattern recognition and handling multivariate data Includes examples, applications, and diagrams to enhance understanding Provides an introduction and access to relevant software packages

Youmans and Winn Neurological Surgery

Youmans and Winn Neurological Surgery Book
Author : H. Richard Winn
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2022-01-21
ISBN : 0323674992
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Widely regarded as the definitive reference in the field, Youmans and Winn Neurological Surgery offers unparalleled, multimedia coverage of the entirety of this complex specialty. Fully updated to reflect recent advances in the basic and clinical neurosciences, the 8th Edition covers everything you need to know about functional and restorative neurosurgery, deep brain stimulation, stem cell biology, radiological and nuclear imaging, and neuro-oncology, as well as minimally invasive surgeries in spine and peripheral nerve surgery, and endoscopic and other approaches for cranial procedures and cerebrovascular diseases. In four comprehensive volumes, Dr. H. Richard Winn and his expert team of editors and authors provide updated content, a significantly expanded video library, and hundreds of new video lectures that help you master new procedures, new technologies, and essential anatomic knowledge in neurosurgery. Discusses current topics such as diffusion tensor imaging, brain and spine robotic surgery, augmented reality as an aid in neurosurgery, AI and big data in neurosurgery, and neuroimaging in stereotactic functional neurosurgery. 55 new chapters provide cutting-edge information on Surgical Anatomy of the Spine, Precision Medicine in Neurosurgery, The Geriatric Patient, Neuroanesthesia During Pregnancy, Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy for Epilepsy, Fetal Surgery for Myelomeningocele, Rehabilitation of Acute Spinal Cord Injury, Surgical Considerations for Patients with Polytrauma, Endovascular Approaches to Intracranial Aneurysms, and much more. Hundreds of all-new video lectures clarify key concepts in techniques, cases, and surgical management and evaluation. Notable lecture videos include multiple videos on Thalamotomy for Focal Hand Dystonia and a video to accompany a new chapter on the Basic Science of Brain Metastases. An extensive video library contains stunning anatomy videos and videos demonstrating intraoperative procedures with more than 800 videos in all. Each clinical section contains chapters on technology specific to a clinical area. Each section contains a chapter providing an overview from experienced Section Editors, including a report on ongoing controversies within that subspecialty.

Neurosurgical Management of Pain

Neurosurgical Management of Pain Book
Author : Richard B. North,Robert M. Levy
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1996-11-26
ISBN : 9780387942568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Indispensable for both the trainee and experienced professional, this is the only truly comprehensive account of the major role of the neurosurgeon in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic pain. The elite panel of contributors were chosen due to their expertise and international reputations. The result of their achievement covers the whole spectrum from criteria for patient selection and the details of operative techniques, to the risks, complications, and expected outcomes for a wide variety of anatomic, ablative, and augmentative neurosurgical procedures in treating chronic, intractable pain. The neurosurgeon will find here chapters on the latest neuroaugmentative advances utilizing electrical stimulation and implantable drug infusion systems as well as a useful section providing algorithms and guidelines for the evaluation and treatment of specific pain syndromes. Over 100 photographs and exquisite line drawings - many specifically commissioned for this book - enhance the text. Invaluable for acquiring the critical judgement and clinical skills necessary to apply the procedures involved.

Physical Management for Neurological Conditions E Book

Physical Management for Neurological Conditions E Book Book
Author : Sheila Lennon,Gita Ramdharry,Geert Verheyden
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2018-07-28
ISBN : 0702077232
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of the Neurological Physiotherapy Pocketbook is the only book for physiotherapists that provides essential evidence-based information in a unique and easy-to-use format, applicable to clinical settings. Written by new international editors and contributors, this pocketbook provides quick and easy access to essential clinical information.

Neural Network Models of Cognition

Neural Network Models of Cognition Book
Author : J.W. Donahoe,V.P. Dorsel
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1997-09-26
ISBN : 9780080537368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This internationally authored volume presents major findings, concepts, and methods of behavioral neuroscience coordinated with their simulation via neural networks. A central theme is that biobehaviorally constrained simulations provide a rigorous means to explore the implications of relatively simple processes for the understanding of cognition (complex behavior). Neural networks are held to serve the same function for behavioral neuroscience as population genetics for evolutionary science. The volume is divided into six sections, each of which includes both experimental and simulation research: (1) neurodevelopment and genetic algorithms, (2) synaptic plasticity (LTP), (3) sensory/hippocampal systems, (4) motor systems, (5) plasticity in large neural systems (reinforcement learning), and (6) neural imaging and language. The volume also includes an integrated reference section and a comprehensive index.

Signal Processing in Neuroscience

Signal Processing in Neuroscience Book
Author : Xiaoli Li
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-31
ISBN : 9811018227
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews cutting-edge developments in neural signalling processing (NSP), systematically introducing readers to various models and methods in the context of NSP. Neuronal Signal Processing is a comparatively new field in computer sciences and neuroscience, and is rapidly establishing itself as an important tool, one that offers an ideal opportunity to forge stronger links between experimentalists and computer scientists. This new signal-processing tool can be used in conjunction with existing computational tools to analyse neural activity, which is monitored through different sensors such as spike trains, local filed potentials and EEG. The analysis of neural activity can yield vital insights into the function of the brain. This book highlights the contribution of signal processing in the area of computational neuroscience by providing a forum for researchers in this field to share their experiences to date.

Augmenting Neurological Disorder Prediction and Rehabilitation Using Artificial Intelligence

Augmenting Neurological Disorder Prediction and Rehabilitation Using Artificial Intelligence Book
Author : Anitha S. Pillai,Bindu Menon
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-02-25
ISBN : 0323886264
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Augmenting Neurological Disorder Prediction and Rehabilitation Using Artificial Intelligence focuses on how the neurosciences can benefit from advances in AI, especially in areas such as medical image analysis for the improved diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease, early detection of acute neurologic events, prediction of stroke, medical image segmentation for quantitative evaluation of neuroanatomy and vasculature, diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease, autism spectrum disorder, and other key neurological disorders. Chapters also focus on how AI can help in predicting stroke recovery, and the use of Machine Learning and AI in personalizing stroke rehabilitation therapy. Other sections delve into Epilepsy and the use of Machine Learning techniques to detect epileptogenic lesions on MRIs and how to understand neural networks. Provides readers with an understanding on the key applications of artificial intelligence and machine learning in the diagnosis and treatment of the most important neurological disorders Integrates recent advancements of artificial intelligence and machine learning to the evaluation of large amounts of clinical data for the early detection of disorders such as Alzheimer’s Disease, autism spectrum disorder, Multiple Sclerosis, headache disorder, Epilepsy, and stroke Provides readers with illustrative examples of how artificial intelligence can be applied to outcome prediction, neurorehabilitation and clinical exams, including a wide range of case studies in predicting and classifying neurological disorders

Handbook of Neurophotonics

Handbook of Neurophotonics Book
Author : Francesco S. Pavone,Shy Shoham
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-05-10
ISBN : 1498718760
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Neurophotonics provides a dedicated overview of neurophotonics, covering the use of advanced optical technologies to record, stimulate, and control the activity of the brain, yielding new insight and advantages over conventional tools due to the adaptability and non-invasive nature of light. Including 32 colour figures, this book addresses functional studies of neurovascular signaling, metabolism, electrical excitation, and hemodynamics, as well as clinical applications for imaging and manipulating brain structure and function. The unifying theme throughout is not only to highlight the technology, but to show how these novel methods are becoming critical to breakthroughs that will lead to advances in our ability to manage and treat human diseases of the brain. Key Features: Provides the first dedicated book on state-of-the-art optical techniques for sensing and imaging across at the cellular, molecular, network, and whole brain levels. Highlights how the methods are used for measurement, control, and tracking of molecular events in live neuronal cells, both in basic research and clinical practice. Covers the entire spectrum of approaches, from optogenetics to functional methods, photostimulation, optical dissection, multiscale imaging, microscopy, and structural imaging. Includes chapters that show use of voltage-sensitive dye imaging, hemodynamic imaging, multiphoton imaging, temporal multiplexing, multiplane microscopy, optoacoustic imaging, near-infrared spectroscopy, and miniature neuroimaging devices to track cortical brain activity.

From Neuron to Cognition via Computational Neuroscience

From Neuron to Cognition via Computational Neuroscience Book
Author : Michael A. Arbib,James J. Bonaiuto
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2016-11-11
ISBN : 0262034964
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive, integrated, and accessible textbook presenting core neuroscientific topics from a computational perspective, tracing a path from cells and circuits to behavior and cognition. This textbook presents a wide range of subjects in neuroscience from a computational perspective. It offers a comprehensive, integrated introduction to core topics, using computational tools to trace a path from neurons and circuits to behavior and cognition. Moreover, the chapters show how computational neuroscience—methods for modeling the causal interactions underlying neural systems—complements empirical research in advancing the understanding of brain and behavior. The chapters—all by leaders in the field, and carefully integrated by the editors—cover such subjects as action and motor control; neuroplasticity, neuromodulation, and reinforcement learning; vision; and language—the core of human cognition. The book can be used for advanced undergraduate or graduate level courses. It presents all necessary background in neuroscience beyond basic facts about neurons and synapses and general ideas about the structure and function of the human brain. Students should be familiar with differential equations and probability theory, and be able to pick up the basics of programming in MATLAB and/or Python. Slides, exercises, and other ancillary materials are freely available online, and many of the models described in the chapters are documented in the brain operation database, BODB (which is also described in a book chapter). Contributors Michael A. Arbib, Joseph Ayers, James Bednar, Andrej Bicanski, James J. Bonaiuto, Nicolas Brunel, Jean-Marie Cabelguen, Carmen Canavier, Angelo Cangelosi, Richard P. Cooper, Carlos R. Cortes, Nathaniel Daw, Paul Dean, Peter Ford Dominey, Pierre Enel, Jean-Marc Fellous, Stefano Fusi, Wulfram Gerstner, Frank Grasso, Jacqueline A. Griego, Ziad M. Hafed, Michael E. Hasselmo, Auke Ijspeert, Stephanie Jones, Daniel Kersten, Jeremie Knuesel, Owen Lewis, William W. Lytton, Tomaso Poggio, John Porrill, Tony J. Prescott, John Rinzel, Edmund Rolls, Jonathan Rubin, Nicolas Schweighofer, Mohamed A. Sherif, Malle A. Tagamets, Paul F. M. J. Verschure, Nathan Vierling-Claasen, Xiao-Jing Wang, Christopher Williams, Ransom Winder, Alan L. Yuille

The Evolutionary Neuroethology of Paul MacLean

The Evolutionary Neuroethology of Paul MacLean Book
Author : Gerald A. Cory,Russell Gardner
Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0275972194
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cory, Gardner, and their contributors argue that how the brain is constructed determines how people behave socially. This has been a neglected thesis, except for a few pioneers, of whom Paul MacLean has been most outstanding. His animal observations, brain research, and evolutionary formulations have formed the basis of new important initiatives discussed in this collection.

Traumatic Brain Injury as a Systems Neuroscience Problem

Traumatic Brain Injury as a Systems Neuroscience Problem Book
Author : H. Isaac Chen,John F. Burke,Akiva S. Cohen
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-04-27
ISBN : 2889450988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is traditionally viewed as an anatomic and neuropathological condition. Caring for TBI patients is a matter of defining the extent of an anatomical lesion, managing this lesion, and minimizing secondary brain injury. On the research side, the effects of TBI often are studied in the context of neuronal and axonal degeneration and the subsequent deposition of abnormal proteins such as tau. These approaches form the basis of our current understanding of TBI, but they pay less attention to the function of the affected organ, the brain. Much can be learned about TBI by studying this disorder on a systems neuroscience level and correlating changes in neural circuitry with neurological and cognitive function. There are several aspects of TBI that are a natural fit for this perspective, including post-traumatic epilepsy, consciousness, and cognitive sequelae. How individual neurons contribute to network activity and how network function responds to injury are key concepts in examining these areas. In recent years, the available tools for studying the role of neuronal assemblies in TBI have become increasingly sophisticated, ranging from optogenetic and electrophysiological techniques to advanced imaging modalities such as functional magnetic resonance imaging and magnetoencephalography. Further progress in understanding the disruption and subsequent reshaping of networks is likely to have substantial benefits in the treatment of patients with TBI-associated deficits. In this Frontiers Topic, we intend to highlight the systems neuroscience approach to studying TBI. In addition to analyzing the clinical sequelae of TBI in this context, this series of articles explores the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying network dysfunction, including alterations in synaptic activity, changes in neural oscillation patterns, and disruptions in functional connectivity. We also include articles on treatment options for TBI patients that modulate network function. It is our hope that this Frontiers Topic will increase the clinical and scientific communities’ awareness of this viable framework for deepening our knowledge of TBI and improving patient outcomes.

Neurophotonics and Biomedical Spectroscopy

Neurophotonics and Biomedical Spectroscopy Book
Author : Robert R. Alfano,Lingyan Shi
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2018-11-22
ISBN : 0323480683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurophotonics and Biomedical Spectroscopy addresses the novel state-of-the-art work in non-invasive optical spectroscopic methods that detect the onset and progression of diseases and other conditions, including pre-malignancy, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, tissue and cell response to therapeutic intervention, unintended injury and laser energy deposition. The book then highlights research in neurophotonics that investigates single and multi-photon excitation optical signatures of normal/diseased nerve tissues and in the brain, providing a better understanding of the underlying biochemical and structural changes of tissues and cells that are responsible for the observed spectroscopic signatures. Topics cover a wide array of well-established UV, visible, NIR and IR optical and spectroscopic techniques and novel approaches to diagnose tissue changes, including: label free in vivo and ex vivo fluorescence spectroscopy, Stoke shift spectroscopy, spectral imaging, Resonance Raman spectroscopy, multiphoton two Photon excitation, and more. Provides an overview of the spectroscopic properties of tissue and tissue-light interaction, describing techniques to exploit these properties in imaging Explores the potential and significance of molecule-specific imaging and its capacity to reveal vital new information on nanoscale structures Offers a concise overview of different spectroscopic methods and their potential benefits for solving diagnostic and therapeutic problems

Fuzzy and Neuro Fuzzy Systems in Medicine

Fuzzy and Neuro Fuzzy Systems in Medicine Book
Author : Horia-Nicolai L Teodorescu,Abraham Kandel,Lakhmi C. Jain
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-11-22
ISBN : 1351364529
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fuzzy and Neuro-Fuzzy Systems in Medicineprovides a thorough review of state-of-the-art techniques and practices, defines and explains relevant problems, as well as provides solutions to these problems. After an introduction, the book progresses from one topic to another - with a linear development from fundamentals to applications.

Handbook of Neurological Sports Medicine

Handbook of Neurological Sports Medicine Book
Author : Petraglia, Anthony,Bailes, Julian,Day, Arthur
Publisher : Human Kinetics
Release : 2014-07-15
ISBN : 1450441815
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides techniques for diagnosis and treatment of concussion and other injuries to the head, spine, and peripheral nervous system. This evidence-based reference bridges the gap between principles and practice to better manage these serious injuries.

Neurological Rehabilitation

Neurological Rehabilitation Book
Author : Michael P. Barnes,David C. Good
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-01-10
ISBN : 0444595848
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurological Rehabilitation is the latest volume in the definitive Handbook of Clinical Neurology series. It is the first time that this increasing important subject has been included in the series and this reflects the growing interest and quality of scientific data on topics around neural recovery and the practical applications of new research. The volume will appeal to clinicians from both neurological and rehabilitation backgrounds and contains topics of interest to all members of the multidisciplinary clinical team as well as the neuroscience community. The volume is divided into five key sections. The first is a summary of current research on neural repair, recovery and plasticity. The authors have kept the topics readable for a non-scientific audience and focused on the aspects of basic neuroscience that should be most relevant to clinical practice. The next section covers the basic principles of neurorehabilitation, including excellent chapters on learning and skill acquisition, outcome measurement and functional neuroimaging. The key clinical section comes next and includes updates and reviews on the management of the main neurological disabling physical problems, such as spasticity, pain, sexual functioning and dysphagia. Cognitive, emotional and behavioural problems are just as important and are covered in the next section, with excellent chapters, for example, on memory and management of executive dysfunction. The final part draws the sections on symptom management together by discussing the individual diseases that are most commonly seen in neurorehabilitation and providing an overview of the management of the disability associated with those disorders. The volume is a definitive review of current neurorehabilitation practice and will be valuable to a wide range of clinicians and scientists working in this rapidly developing field. A volume in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, which has an unparalleled reputation as the world's most comprehensive source of information in neurology International list of contributors including the leading workers in the field Describes the advances which have occurred in clinical neurology and the neurosciences, their impact on the understanding of neurological disorders and on patient care

Neurocomputers and Attention Connectionism and neurocomputers

Neurocomputers and Attention  Connectionism and neurocomputers Book
Author : Arun V. Holden,V. I. Kri︠u︡kov
Publisher : Manchester University Press
Release : 1991
ISBN : 9780719034565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neurocomputers and Attention Connectionism and neurocomputers book written by Arun V. Holden,V. I. Kri︠u︡kov, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Artificial Neural Nets and Genetic Algorithms

Artificial Neural Nets and Genetic Algorithms Book
Author : Vera Kurkova,Nigel C. Steele,Roman Neruda,Miroslav Karny
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-04-11
ISBN : 9783211836514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first ICANNGA conference, devoted to biologically inspired computational paradigms, Neural Net works and Genetic Algorithms, was held in Innsbruck, Austria, in 1993. The meeting attracted researchers from all over Europe and further afield, who decided that this particular blend of topics should form a theme for a series of biennial conferences. The second meeting, held in Ales, France, in 1995, carried on the tradition set in Innsbruck of a relaxed and stimulating environment for the. exchange of ideas. The series has continued in Norwich, UK, in 1997, and Portoroz, Slovenia, in 1999. The Institute of Computer Science, Czech Academy of Sciences, is pleased to host the fifth conference in Prague. We have chosen the Liechtenstein palace under the Prague Castle as the conference site to enhance the traditionally good atmosphere of the meeting. There is an inspirational genius loci of the historical center of the city, where four hundred years ago a fruitful combination of theoretical and empirical method, through the collaboration of Johannes Kepler and Tycho de Brahe, led to the discovery of the laws of planetary orbits.

Augmented Cognition Neurocognition and Machine Learning

Augmented Cognition  Neurocognition and Machine Learning Book
Author : Dylan D. Schmorrow,Cali M. Fidopiastis
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-06-28
ISBN : 3319586289
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume constitutes the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Augmented Cognition, AC 2017, held as part of the International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2017, which took place in Vancouver, BC, Canada, in July 2017. HCII 2017 received a total of 4340 submissions, of which 1228 papers were accepted for publication after a careful reviewing process. The papers thoroughly cover the entire field of Human-Computer Interaction, addressing major advances in knowledge and effective use of computers in a variety of application areas. The two volumes set of AC 2017 presents 81 papers which are organized in the following topical sections: electroencephalography and brain activity measurement, eye tracking in augmented cognition, physiological measuring and bio-sensing, machine learning in augmented cognition, cognitive load and performance, adaptive learning systems, brain-computer interfaces, human cognition and behavior in complex tasks and environments.