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Diamond Based Materials For Biomedical Applications

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Diamond Based Materials for Biomedical Applications

Diamond Based Materials for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Roger Narayan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-03-19
ISBN : 0857093517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon is light-weight, strong, conductive and able to mimic natural materials within the body, making it ideal for many uses within biomedicine. Consequently a great deal of research and funding is being put into this interesting material with a view to increasing the variety of medical applications for which it is suitable. Diamond-based materials for biomedical applications presents readers with the fundamental principles and novel applications of this versatile material. Part one provides a clear introduction to diamond based materials for medical applications. Functionalization of diamond particles and surfaces is discussed, followed by biotribology and biological behaviour of nanocrystalline diamond coatings, and blood compatibility of diamond-like carbon coatings. Part two then goes on to review biomedical applications of diamond based materials, beginning with nanostructured diamond coatings for orthopaedic applications. Topics explored include ultrananocrystalline diamond for neural and ophthalmological applications, nanodiamonds for drug delivery systems, and diamond nucleation and seeding techniques for tissue regeneration. Finally, the book concludes with a discussion of diamond materials for microfluidic devices. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Diamond-based materials for biomedical applications is an authoritative guide for all materials scientists, researchers, medical practitioners and academics investigating the properties and uses of diamond based materials in the biomedical environment. Presents the fundamental principles and novel applications of this versatile material Discusses the functionalization of diamond particles and surfaces, biotribology and biological behaviour of nanocrystalinediamond coatings and blood compatibility of diamond-like carbon coatings Reviews nanostructured diamond coatings for orthopaedic coatings

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications Book
Author : S. Szunerits,R. Boukherroub
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-03-19
ISBN : 0128087994
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent advances made in the controlled deposition of diamond thin films with varying morphologies have pushed researchers to consider diamond as an alternative carbon-based material. Surface functionalization is believed to be an effective approach to tune the physical, chemical and electrochemical properties of diamond. Understanding and controlling the functionalization process of diamond surfaces thus holds considerable promise for both fundamental and applied research aspects. This chapter summarizes the state of the art of chemical, photochemical and electrochemical strategies for the grafting of different organic moieties onto diamond.

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications Book
Author : A. Karczemska
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-03-19
ISBN : 0128088079
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter discusses the possibilities and advantages offered by the use of diamond materials in the fabrication of microfluidic devices. The correct choice of material with optimal properties is crucial in the design of modern microfluidic devices. The different applications of diamond materials in this field are reviewed, along with a discussion of recent development and future trends.

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications Book
Author : M. Fedel
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-03-19
ISBN : 012808801X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diamond-like carbon (DLC) films offer numerous functional characteristics that make them particularly attractive as potential wear resistant coatings for biomedical applications. This chapter first discusses the blood compatibility of various forms of plain and doped DLCs, and evaluates possible correlations with film structure and surface properties. The chapter then considers the application of DLC coatings to different typologies of implants and medical devices, with special regard to cardiovascular prostheses.

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications Book
Author : A.E. Mengesha,B-B.C. Youan
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-03-19
ISBN : 0128088052
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanodiamonds offer a potential novel template for drug delivery and targeting, because of their small primary particle size, purity, excellent properties, facile surface functionalization, high biocompatibility, and inexpensive large-scale synthesis. However, nanodiamond properties such as aggregation state, surface chemistry, and presence of impurities, as well as the localization and accumulation behavior at the organism level, must be controlled to maintain safety and retain efficacy of conjugated therapeutic agents. A clinically applicable approach requires investigation of biocompatibility, biodistribution, and biological fate of the nanodiamond as well as its conjugates.

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications Book
Author : Y-C. Chen,D-C. Lee,N-H. Tai,I-M. Chiu
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-03-19
ISBN : 0128088044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diamond films have been considered as ideal candidates for protective coatings on bioimplants, as bioimplants themselves or as a guide for neural differentiation, because of their excellent mechanical properties, functional amenability, biocompatibility, and unique nanostructures. We separate nanocrystalline diamond films into two categories based on growth chemistries, nanostructure, and properties: nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) and ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD). UNCD is suitable for application as a hermetic coating for protection of implantable artificial retina medical devices, and also contributes to improvement of neural stem cell (NSC)-based cell transplantation, tissue engineering for neural tissue repair and regeneration and study of neural cell differentiation.

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications Book
Author : S.A. Catledge,V. Thomas,Y.K. Vohra
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-03-19
ISBN : 0128088028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With increasing numbers of orthopaedic devices being implanted, greater emphasis is being placed on ceramic coating technology to reduce friction and wear in mating total joint replacement components, in order to improve implant function and increase device lifespan. In this chapter, we consider ultra-hard carbon coatings, with emphasis on nanostructured diamond, as alternative bearing surfaces for metallic components. Such coatings have great potential for use in biomedical implants as a result of their extreme hardness, wear resistance, low friction and biocompatibility. These ultra-hard carbon coatings can be deposited by several techniques resulting in a wide variety of structures and properties.

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications Book
Author : M. Amaral
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-03-19
ISBN : 0128088001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter discusses the application of nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) films as protective coatings for joint replacement. The chapter includes an overview of chemical vapour deposition (CVD) diamond and discusses the influence of hot-filament chemical vapour deposition (HFCVD) parameters on the deposition of NCD on silicon nitride (Si3N4) ceramics. The chapter then presents biotribological studies and in vitro cell cultures of the deposited NCD coatings.

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications Book
Author : A. Kromka,O. Babchenko,S. Potocky,B. Rezek,A. Sveshnikov,P. Demo,T. Izak,M. Varga
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-03-19
ISBN : 0128088060
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growth of nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) thin films has become routine in labs and companies globally. This has been enabled by the fast progress of diamond nucleation and seeding in science and technology during the past decade, as a result of chemical vapour deposition (CVD) of NCD films requiring that a non-diamond substrate is treated by nucleation or seeding process prior to diamond growth. However, growth of ultrathin continuous NCD films (thickness

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications Book
Author : O. Auciello,P. Gurman,A. Berra,M. Saravia,R. Zysler
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-03-19
ISBN : 0128088036
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter discusses the integration of physiology, new biomaterials and micro and nanofabrication technologies, which enable the development of new devices implantable in the human eye for diagnosis, monitoring, and/or therapeutic treatment of vision. The chapter focuses on the science and technology of biomaterials for three main applications: to restore sight to people blinded by genetically induced degeneration of retina photoreceptors; for draining aqueous humour from the eyes of people with glaucoma condition; and a novel method for retina detachment therapy.

Switchable and Responsive Surfaces and Materials for Biomedical Applications

Switchable and Responsive Surfaces and Materials for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Johnathan Zhang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-12-11
ISBN : 0857097172
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surface modification of biomaterials can ultimately determine whether a material is accepted or rejected from the human body, and a responsive surface can further make the material "smart" and "intelligent". Switchable and Responsive Surfaces and Materials for Biomedical Applications outlines synthetic and biological materials that are responsive under different stimuli, their surface design and modification techniques, and applicability in regenerative medicine/tissue engineering, drug delivery, medical devices, and biomedical diagnostics. Part one provides a detailed overview of switchable and responsive materials and surfaces, exploring thermo-responsive polymers, environmentally responsive polyelectrolytes and zwitterionic polymers, as well as peptide-based and photonic sensitive switchable materials. Further chapters include a detailed overview of the preparation and analysis of switchable polymer brushes and copolymers for biomedical application. Part two explores the biological interactions and biomedical applications of switchable surfaces, where expert analysis is provided on the interaction of switchable surfaces with proteins and cells. The interaction of stimuli-sensitive polymers for tissue engineering and drug delivery with biosurfaces is critiqued, whilst the editor provides a skillful study into the application of responsive polymers in implantable medical devices and biosensors. A comprehensive overview of switchable and responsive materials and surfaces Includes in depth analysis of thermo-responsive polymers, photonic sensitive materials and peptide-based surfaces Detailed exploration of biological interactions of responsive and switchable surfaces, covering stimuli-sensitive polymers for drug delivery, surfaces with proteins/cells and application of polymers in medical devices

Biomaterials Science

Biomaterials Science Book
Author : William R Wagner,Shelly E. Sakiyama-Elbert,Guigen Zhang,Michael J. Yaszemski
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-23
ISBN : 0128161388
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The revised edition of the renowned and bestselling title is the most comprehensive single text on all aspects of biomaterials science from principles to applications. Biomaterials Science, fourth edition, provides a balanced, insightful approach to both the learning of the science and technology of biomaterials and acts as the key reference for practitioners who are involved in the applications of materials in medicine. This new edition incorporates key updates to reflect the latest relevant research in the field, particularly in the applications section, which includes the latest in topics such as nanotechnology, robotic implantation, and biomaterials utilized in cancer research detection and therapy. Other additions include regenerative engineering, 3D printing, personalized medicine and organs on a chip. Translation from the lab to commercial products is emphasized with new content dedicated to medical device development, global issues related to translation, and issues of quality assurance and reimbursement. In response to customer feedback, the new edition also features consolidation of redundant material to ensure clarity and focus. Biomaterials Science, 4th edition is an important update to the best-selling text, vital to the biomaterials’ community. The most comprehensive coverage of principles and applications of all classes of biomaterials Edited and contributed by the best-known figures in the biomaterials field today; fully endorsed and supported by the Society for Biomaterials Fully revised and updated to address issues of translation, nanotechnology, additive manufacturing, organs on chip, precision medicine and much more. Online chapter exercises available for each chapter

Carbon Nanomaterials for Biomedical Applications

Carbon Nanomaterials for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Mei Zhang,Rajesh R. Naik,Liming Dai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-06
ISBN : 3319228617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers a wide range of topics relating to carbon nanomaterials, from synthesis and functionalization to applications in advanced biomedical devices and systems. As they possess unique and attractive chemical, physical, optical, and even magnetic properties for various applications, considerable effort has been made to employ carbon nanomaterials (e.g., fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, graphene, nanodiamond) as new materials for the development of novel biomedical tools, such as diagnostic sensors, imaging agents, and drug/gene delivery systems for both diagnostics and clinical treatment. Tremendous progress has been made and the scattered literature continues to grow rapidly. With chapters by world-renowned experts providing an overview of the state of the science as well as an understanding of the challenges that lie ahead, Carbon Nanomaterials for Biomedical Applications is essential reading not only for experienced scientists and engineers in biomedical and nanomaterials areas, but also for graduate students and advanced undergraduates in materials science and engineering, chemistry, and biology.

Shape Memory Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Shape Memory Polymers for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : L Yahia
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-03-19
ISBN : 0857097059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are an emerging class of smart polymers which give scientists the ability to process the material into a permanent state and predefine a second temporary state which can be triggered by different stimuli. The changing chemistries of SMPs allows scientists to tailor important properties such as strength, stiffness, elasticity and expansion rate. Consequently SMPs are being increasingly used and developed for minimally invasive applications where the material can expand and develop post insertion. This book will provide readers with a comprehensive review of shape memory polymer technologies. Part 1 will discuss the fundamentals and mechanical aspects of SMPs. Chapters in part 2 will look at the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation whilst the final set of chapters will review applications. Reviews the fundamentals of shape memory polymers with chapters focussing on the basic principles of the materials Comprehensive coverage of design and mechanical aspects of SMPs Expert analysis of the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation

Mems for Biomedical Applications

Mems for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Shekhar Bhansali,Abhay Vasudev
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-07-18
ISBN : 0857096273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The application of Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) in the biomedical field is leading to a new generation of medical devices. MEMS for biomedical applications reviews the wealth of recent research on fabrication technologies and applications of this exciting technology. The book is divided into four parts: Part one introduces the fundamentals of MEMS for biomedical applications, exploring the microfabrication of polymers and reviewing sensor and actuator mechanisms. Part two describes applications of MEMS for biomedical sensing and diagnostic applications. MEMS for in vivo sensing and electrical impedance spectroscopy are investigated, along with ultrasonic transducers, and lab-on-chip devices. MEMS for tissue engineering and clinical applications are the focus of part three, which considers cell culture and tissue scaffolding devices, BioMEMS for drug delivery and minimally invasive medical procedures. Finally, part four reviews emerging biomedical applications of MEMS, from implantable neuroprobes and ocular implants to cellular microinjection and hybrid MEMS. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, MEMS for biomedical applications provides an authoritative review for scientists and manufacturers involved in the design and development of medical devices as well as clinicians using this important technology. Reviews the wealth of recent research on fabrication technologies and applications of Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) in the biomedical field Introduces the fundamentals of MEMS for biomedical applications, exploring the microfabrication of polymers and reviewing sensor and actuator mechanisms Considers MEMS for biomedical sensing and diagnostic applications, along with MEMS for in vivo sensing and electrical impedance spectroscopy

Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications

Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Niklaus Baltzer,Thierry Copponnex
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-05-07
ISBN : 0857099051
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Precious metals and semi-precious metals are used for an increasing number of medical applications due to the properties of these metals and their alloys. Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications reviews the properties of precious metals and their resulting applications in medicine. Part one outlines the fundamentals of precious metals for biomedical applications, discussing their useful properties, such as biocompatibility and corrosion resistance. Part two goes on to provide an overview of the applications of precious metals in biomedicine, including dental, therapeutic, tissue engineering, and bioimaging applications. It discusses the advantages of the structure and properties of precious metals for these applications. Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications is a key reference for material scientists and academics concerned with the properties and uses of these metals. Provides a useful review of this group of materials’ unique properties and applications Examines the fundamentals of precious metals for biomedical applications, before looking at a wide range of applications of precious metals in medicine

Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications

Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : T.S.N. Sankara Narayanan,Il-Song Park,Min-Ho Lee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-01-08
ISBN : 1782420827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surface modification of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications: Biological interactions, mechanical properties and testing, the first of two volumes, is an essential guide on the use of magnesium as a degradable implant material. Due to their excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability, magnesium based degradable implants provide a viable option for the permanent metallic implants. This volume focuses on the fundamental concepts of surface modification of magnesium, its biological interactions, mechanical properties and, in vitro and in vivo testing. The contents of volume 1 is organized and presented in three parts. Part 1 reviews the fundamental aspects of surface modification of magnesium, including surface design, opportunities, challenges and its role in revolutionizing biodegradable biomaterials. Part 2 addresses the biological and mechanical properties covering an in vivo approach to the bioabsorbable behavior of magnesium alloys, mechanical integrity and, the effects of amino acids and proteins on the performance of surface modified magnesium. Part 3 delves in to testing and characterization, exploring the biocompatibility and effects on fatigue life alongside the primary characteristics of surface modified magnesium. All chapters are written by experts, this two volume series provides systematic and thorough coverage of all major modification technologies and coating types of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications. Expert analysis of the fundamentals in surface modification of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications Includes biological interactions and mechanical properties Focuses on testing and characterisation, as well as biocompatibility

Thin Film Coatings for Biomaterials and Biomedical Applications

Thin Film Coatings for Biomaterials and Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Hans J Griesser
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-02-19
ISBN : 1782424768
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thin Film Coatings for Biomaterials and Biomedical Applications discusses the latest information on coatings, including their historic use by scientists who are looking to improve the properties and biological responses of the material-host interface. Thin films, in particular, are becoming more widely researched and used as an alternative to traditional sprayed coatings because they have a more uniform structure and therefore greater stability. This book provides readers with a comprehensive guide to thin film coatings and their application in the biomaterials field. Part One of the book details the fundamentals of thin films for biomedical application, while Part Two looks at the special properties of thin films, with a final section reviewing functional thin films and their usage in biomedical applications. Provides a comprehensive review on the fundamentals, properties, and functions of thin film coatings for biomaterials Covers a broad range of applications for implantable biomaterials Written by an international team of contributors who carefully tailor the presented information in a way that addresses industry needs

Fundamental Biomaterials Ceramics

Fundamental Biomaterials  Ceramics Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Preetha Balakrishnan,M.S. Sreekala
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-02-16
ISBN : 0081022042
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamental Biomaterials: Ceramics provides current information on ceramics and their conversion from base materials to medical devices. Initial chapters review biomedical applications and types of ceramics, with subsequent sections focusing on the properties of ceramics, and on corrosion, degradation and wear of ceramic biomaterials. The book is ideal for researchers and professionals in the development stages of design, but is also helpful to medical researchers who need to understand and communicate the requirements of a biomaterial for a specific application. This title is the second in a three volume set, with each reviewing the most important and commonly used classes of biomaterials and providing comprehensive information on material properties, behavior, biocompatibility and applications. In addition, with the recent introduction of a number of interdisciplinary bio-related undergraduate and graduate programs, this book will be an appropriate reference volume for large number of students at undergraduate and post graduate levels Provides current information on findings and developments of ceramics and their conversion from base materials to medical devices Includes analyses of the types of ceramics and a discussion of a range of biomedical applications and essential properties, including information on corrosion, degradation and wear, and lifetime prediction of ceramic biomaterials Explores both theoretical and practical aspects of ceramics in biomaterials

Encyclopedia of Biomedical Engineering

Encyclopedia of Biomedical Engineering Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-09-01
ISBN : 0128051442
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Biomedical Engineering is a unique source for rapidly evolving updates on topics that are at the interface of the biological sciences and engineering. Biomaterials, biomedical devices and techniques play a significant role in improving the quality of health care in the developed world. The book covers an extensive range of topics related to biomedical engineering, including biomaterials, sensors, medical devices, imaging modalities and imaging processing. In addition, applications of biomedical engineering, advances in cardiology, drug delivery, gene therapy, orthopedics, ophthalmology, sensing and tissue engineering are explored. This important reference work serves many groups working at the interface of the biological sciences and engineering, including engineering students, biological science students, clinicians, and industrial researchers. Provides students with a concise description of the technologies at the interface of the biological sciences and engineering Covers all aspects of biomedical engineering, also incorporating perspectives from experts working within the domains of biomedicine, medical engineering, biology, chemistry, physics, electrical engineering, and more Contains reputable, multidisciplinary content from domain experts Presents a ‘one-stop’ resource for access to information written by world-leading scholars in the field