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Diagnostic And Therapeutic Applications Of Exosomes In Cancer

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Diagnostic and Therapeutic Applications of Exosomes in Cancer

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Applications of Exosomes in Cancer Book
Author : Mansoor M. Amiji,Rajagopal Ramesh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-05-09
ISBN : 0128128046
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Applications of Exosomes in Cancer evaluates the potential of exosome content manipulation in the development of novel therapeutics. In recent years, exosomes, the small vesicles produced by all cell types, have been identified as contributors to cancer growth and metastasis. However, due to their unique biophysical properties, they are also being tested for use in therapeutic design and delivery, as well as in diagnostics. This book presents a comprehensive analysis on exosomes, with a main emphasis on their biogenesis and signaling, use as biomarkers, and as tools for imaging, drug delivery and the treatment of cancer. Covers emerging pharmaceutical and diagnostic applications, including exosomes being tested as carriers of anticancer drugs, ongoing clinical trials, and exosomes as imaging agents for cancer diagnosis and treatment Brings together a team of highly regarded international authors who provide a full-rounded analysis Presents comprehensive coverage of the unique biophysical properties of exosomes Explores current and future possibilities

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Applications of Exosomes in Cancer

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Applications of Exosomes in Cancer Book
Author : Mansoor M. Amiji,Rajagopal Ramesh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-05-11
ISBN : 9780128127742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Applications of Exosomes in Cancer evaluates the potential of exosome content manipulation in the development of novel therapeutics. In recent years, exosomes, the small vesicles produced by all cell types, have been identified as contributors to cancer growth and metastasis. However, due to their unique biophysical properties, they are also being tested for use in therapeutic design and delivery, as well as in diagnostics. This book presents a comprehensive analysis on exosomes, with a main emphasis on their biogenesis and signaling, use as biomarkers, and as tools for imaging, drug delivery and the treatment of cancer. Covers emerging pharmaceutical and diagnostic applications, including exosomes being tested as carriers of anticancer drugs, ongoing clinical trials, and exosomes as imaging agents for cancer diagnosis and treatment Brings together a team of highly regarded international authors who provide a full-rounded analysis Presents comprehensive coverage of the unique biophysical properties of exosomes Explores current and future possibilities

Exosomes

Exosomes Book
Author : Larry Edelstein,John R. Smythies,Peter J. Quesenberry,Denis Noble
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-10-16
ISBN : 0128160543
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exosomes: A Clinical Compendium is a comprehensive and authoritative account of exosomes in the context of biomarkers, diagnostics, and therapeutics across a wide spectrum of medical disciplines, as well as their role in cell-cell communication. It is intended to serve as a reference source for clinicians, physicians, and research scientists who wish to gain insight into the most recent advances in this rapidly growing field. The exosome revolution may well be the greatest advance in physiology and medicine since antibiotics. The discovery of their epigenetic role in intercellular signaling in virtually all tissues is a major breakthrough in our understanding of how cells function. Provides readers with a broad and timely overview of exosomes in health and disease, closing with a thought-provoking chapter on transgenerational inheritance, Darwin and Lamarck. Summarizes the most recent laboratory and clinical findings on exosomes across numerous medical disciplines, thereby offering readers a broad-ranging and solid foundation for prospective investigative efforts Twenty-one chapters authored by a global team of peer-acknowledged experts, each representing a key medical disciplineProvides readers with a broad and timely overview of exosomes in health and disease, closing

Biomarkers in Breast Cancer

Biomarkers in Breast Cancer Book
Author : Giampietro Gasparini,Daniel F. Hayes
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-01-17
ISBN : 159259915X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Expert laboratory and clinical researchers from around the world review how to design and evaluate studies of tumor markers and examine their use in breast cancer patients. The authors cover both the major advances in sophisticated molecular methods and the state-of-the-art in conventional prognostic and predictive indicators. Among the topics discussed are the relevance of rigorous study design and guidelines for the validation studies of new biomarkers, gene expression profiling by tissue microarrays, adjuvant systemic therapy, and the use of estrogen, progesterone, and epidermal growth factor receptors as both prognostic and predictive indicators. Highlights include the evaluation of HER2 and EGFR family members, of p53, and of UPA/PAI-1; the detection of rare cells in blood and marrow; and the detection and analysis of soluble, circulating markers.

Mesenchymal Stem Cell Derived Exosomes

Mesenchymal Stem Cell Derived Exosomes Book
Author : Yaoliang Tang,Buddhadeb Dawn
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-09-02
ISBN : 0128004975
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes are at the forefront of research in two of the most high profile and funded scientific areas – cardiovascular research and stem cells. Mesenchymal Stem Cell Derived Exosomes provides insight into the biofunction and molecular mechanisms, practical tools for research, and a look toward the clinical applications of this exciting phenomenon which is emerging as an effective diagnostic. Primarily focused on the cardiovascular applications where there have been the greatest advancements toward the clinic, this is the first compendium for clinical and biomedical researchers who are interested in integrating MSC-derived exosomes as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool. Introduces the MSC-exosome mediated cell-cell communication Covers the major functional benefits in current MSC-derived exosome studies Discusses strategies for the use of MSC-derived exosomes in cardiovascular therapies

Intercellular Communication in Cancer

Intercellular Communication in Cancer Book
Author : Mustapha Kandouz
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-20
ISBN : 9401773807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cells are by nature compelled to live in groups. They develop dependence over signaling cues received from their microenvironment, in particular from other cells, whether of their own “kind” or of a different type. Therefore, communicating with these cells is a critical aspect of their behavior and fate, as they live and die normally or as they undergo disease-related pathological changes, with dramatic repercussions. In this book, we have asked expert researchers in the field of Intercellular Communication in Cancer to provide chapters on different aspects of interaction between neighboring cells, in the context of cancer diseases. We have specifically focused our efforts on membrane-to-membrane contact-based rather than growth factors-mediated modes of intercellular communications. The contributing authors provide an extensive overview of their respective area of specialization, with an in-depth discussion of the molecular mechanisms of cell-cell interactions, the impact on tumor progression and response to therapies, as well as the cancer diagnostic value of this scientific information. This book aims to introduce essential aspects of the normal and pathological cellular fate and homeostasis to both scientists and clinicians, and also to provide established researchers with an update on the novelties and future directions this expanding field is witnessing.

Advanced Drug Delivery Systems in the Management of Cancer

Advanced Drug Delivery Systems in the Management of Cancer Book
Author : Kamal Dua,Meenu Mehta,Terezinha de Jesus Andreoli Pinto,Lisa G. Pont,Kylie A. Williams,Michael Rathbone
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-06-24
ISBN : 0323900798
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Drug Delivery Systems in the Management of Cancer discusses recent developments in nanomedicine and nano-based drug delivery systems used in the treatment of cancers affecting the blood, lungs, brain, and kidneys. The research presented in this book includes international collaborations in the area of novel drug delivery for the treatment of cancer. Cancer therapy remains one of the greatest challenges in modern medicine, as successful treatment requires the elimination of malignant cells that are closely related to normal cells within the body. Advanced drug delivery systems are carriers for a wide range of pharmacotherapies used in many applications, including cancer treatment. The use of such carrier systems in cancer treatment is growing rapidly as they help overcome the limitations associated with conventional drug delivery systems. Some of the conventional limitations that these advanced drug delivery systems help overcome include nonspecific targeting, systemic toxicity, poor oral bioavailability, reduced efficacy, and low therapeutic index. This book begins with a brief introduction to cancer biology. This is followed by an overview of the current landscape in pharmacotherapy for the cancer management. The need for advanced drug delivery systems in oncology and cancer treatment is established, and the systems that can be used for several specific cancers are discussed. Several chapters of the book are devoted to discussing the latest technologies and advances in nanotechnology. These include practical solutions on how to design a more effective nanocarrier for the drugs used in cancer therapeutics. Each chapter is written with the goal of informing readers about the latest advancements in drug delivery system technologies while reinforcing understanding through various detailed tables, figures, and illustrations. Advanced Drug Delivery Systems in the Management of Cancer is a valuable resource for anyone working in the fields of cancer biology and drug delivery, whether in academia, research, or industry. The book will be especially useful for researchers in drug formulation and drug delivery as well as for biological and translational researchers working in the field of cancer. Presents an overview of the recent perspectives and challenges within the management and diagnosis of cancer Provides insights into how advanced drug delivery systems can effectively be used in the management of a wide range of cancers Includes up-to-date information on diagnostic methods and treatment strategies using controlled drug delivery systems

Cancer Cell Metabolism

Cancer Cell Metabolism Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9789811519925
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book illustrates various aspects of cancer cell metabolism, including metabolic regulation in solid tumours vs. non-solid tumours, the molecular pathways involved in its metabolism, and the role of the tumour microenvironment in the regulation of cancer cell metabolism. It summarizes the complexity of cancer cell metabolism in terms of the switch from anaerobic to aerobic glycolysis and how mitochondrial damage promotes aerobic glycolysis in cancer cells. The respective chapters provide the latest information on the metabolic remodelling of cancer cells and elucidate the important role of the signalling pathways in reprogramming of cancer cell metabolism. In addition, the book highlights the role of autophagy in cancer cell metabolism, and how metabolic crosstalk between cancer cells and cancer-associated fibroblasts promotes cancer cell progression. In closing, it summarizes recent advancements in drug development through targeting cancer metabolism.

Novel Implications of Exosomes in Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer and Infectious Diseases

Novel Implications of Exosomes in Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer and Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Jin Wang
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-07-12
ISBN : 9535133357
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this book is to provide an overview of the importance of exosomes in the biomedical field, which involves in novel implications of exosomes in diagnosis and treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. The book would definitely be an ideal source of scientific information of exosomes to researchers and scientists involved in biomedicine, biology, and other areas involving cancer and infectious diseases.

Smart Polymeric Nano Constructs in Drug Delivery

Smart Polymeric Nano Constructs in Drug Delivery Book
Author : Suresh P Vyas,Udita Agrawal,Rajeev Sharma
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-11-25
ISBN : 0323913997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Polymeric Nano-Constructs in Drug Delivery: Concept, Design and Therapeutic Applications provides a thorough discussion of the most state of the art material and polymer exploitations for the delivery of bioactive(s) as well as their current and clinical status. The book enables researchers to prepare a variety of smart drug delivery systems to investigate their properties as well as to discover their uses and applications. The novelty of this approach addresses an existing need of exhaustively understanding the potential of the materials including polymeric drug delivery systems that are smartly designed to deliver bioactive(s) into the body at targeted sites without showing side effects. The book is helpful for those in the health sector, specifically those developing nanomedicine using smart material-based nano-delivery systems. Polymers have unique co-operative properties that are not found with low-molecular-weight compounds along with their appealing physical and chemical properties, constituting the root of their success in drug delivery. Smart Polymeric Nano-Constructs in Drug Delivery: Concept, Design and Therapeutic Applications discusses smart and stimuli responsive polymers applicable in drug delivery, followed detailed information about various concepts and designing of polymeric novel drug delivery systems for treatment of various type of diseases, also discussing patents related to the field. The book helps readers to design and develop novel drug delivery systems based on smart materials for the effective delivery of bioactive that take advantage of recent advances in smart polymer-based strategies. It is useful to those in pharmaceutical sciences and related fields in developing new drug delivery systems. Provides comprehensive overview of the potential role of polymeric systems in drug delivery Explores the design, synthesis, and application of different smart material-based delivery systems Includes fundamental and clinical applications

Systems of Nanovesicular Drug Delivery

Systems of Nanovesicular Drug Delivery Book
Author : Amit Kumar Nayak,Md Saquib Hasnain,Tejraj Aminabhavi,Vladimir P. Torchilin
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-07-29
ISBN : 0323914225
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Systems of Nanovesicular Drug Delivery provides a thorough insight into the complete and up-to-date discussions about the preparation, properties and drug delivery applications of various nanovesicles. This volume discusses cubosomes, proniosomes and niosomes, dendrimerosomes and other new and effective approaches for drug delivery. It will be a valuable title and resource for academics and pharmaceutical scientists, including industrial pharmacists, analytical scientists, health care professionals and regulatory scientists actively involved in pharmaceutical products and process development of tailor-made polysaccharides in drug delivery applications. Recently, there have been a number of outstanding nanosystems in nanovesicular carrier-forms (such as nanoemulsions, self-nanoemulsifying systems, nanoliposomes, nanotransferosomes, etc.), that have been researched and developed for efficient drug delivery by many formulators, researchers and scientists. However, no previously published books have covered all these drug delivery nanovesicles collectively in a single resource. Provides thorough insights and up-to-date discussions about the various systems of nanovesicular drug delivery Covers advanced trigger-assisted systems (such as iontophoresis, ultra-sound triggering, etc.) and how they have been used for improved drug delivery by nanovesicles Presents recent advances in drug delivery fields by global leaders and experts from academia, research, industry and regulatory agencies Includes an updated literature review of relevant key topics, good quality illustrations, chemical structures, attractive flow charts and well-organized tables

Advances in Clinical Chemistry

Advances in Clinical Chemistry Book
Author : Gregory S. Makowski
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-09
ISBN : 012824416X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Clinical Chemistry, Volume 101, the latest installment in this internationally acclaimed series, contains chapters authored by world-renowned clinical laboratory scientists, physicians and research scientists. The serial discusses the latest and most up-to-date technologies related to the field of clinical chemistry, with this new release including chapters on Exosomes in cancer, Parathyroid hormone, Clinical relevance of biochemical and metabolic changes in osteoarthritis, Early diagnosis with ultrasensitive ELISA, Cytokines and the immune response in obesity-related disorders, Metabolic profiling of organic and fatty acids in chronic and autoimmune diseases, and more. Provides updates on the most current technologies in clinical chemistry and clinical laboratory science Authored by world renowned clinical laboratory scientists, physicians and research scientists Presents the international benchmark for novel analytical approaches in the clinical laboratory

Handbook on Nanobiomaterials for Therapeutics and Diagnostic Applications

Handbook on Nanobiomaterials for Therapeutics and Diagnostic Applications Book
Author : Krishnan Anand,Muthupandian Saravanan,Balakumar Chandrasekaran,Suvardhan Kanchi,Sarojini Jeeva Panchu,Quan-Sheng Chen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-18
ISBN : 0128219149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Nano-biomaterials for Therapeutics and Diagnostic Applications covers in-depth topics on nano-biomaterials and nano drug delivery systems (biosensors and bioimaging) involving polymer nanocomposites, metal nanocomposites, and other carbon family fibers and proteins. The book covers the current application of tiny machines or nanodevices and their use as early detection systems for life threatening diseases, giving detailed literature on the development of nanodevices, their use as diagnostic tools, and their present trend in the industry and market. In addition, their synthesis, potential applications and future of smart nanodevices in diagnosis of diseases and their use as smart clinical devices is covered. Users will find sections on recent advances in interdisciplinary research on the processing, morphology, structure and properties of nanostructured materials and their applications in drug delivery for various diseases such as cancer, tuberculosis, Alzheimer disease, ophthalmic diseases, and more. Offers a comprehensive coverage of the therapeutics and smart nanodevices as diagnostic tools and their potential clinical applications in biosensing and bioimaging Includes a glimpse into the nano-biomaterials that are essential components in nanomedicines Describes nanodevices in the early diagnosis of the diseases Explains the nano-drug delivery system for the treatment of various diseases, including cancer, tuberculosis, Alzheimer disease, and ophthalmic diseases Encompasses all information, starting from the design of nano-biomaterials to their applications in theranostics

Extracellular Vesicles

Extracellular Vesicles Book
Author : William C S Cho
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-11-17
ISBN : 9783036522173
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are particles wrapped in a lipid bilayer membrane and are naturally released from cells. This kind of cargo vessel is a nanostructure that mainly transfers lipids, proteins, various nucleic acid fragments, and metabolic components to neighboring cells or distant parts of the body through the circulatory system. EVs are of great significance to the communication mechanism between cells. This book collects feature articles to enhance our understanding of the biological characteristics of EVs and their potential applications.

Endocytosis and Signaling

Endocytosis and Signaling Book
Author : Christophe Lamaze,Ian Prior
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-19
ISBN : 9783030072346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the context dependency of cell signaling by showing how the endosomal system helps to structure and regulate signaling pathways. The location and concentration of signaling nodes regulate their activation cycles and engagement with distinct effector pathways. Whilst many cell signaling pathways are initiated from the cell surface, endocytosis provides an opportunity for modulating signaling networks’ output. In this book, first a series of reviews describe the endocytic and endosomal system and show how these subcellular platforms sort and regulate a wide range of signaling pathway components and phenotypic outputs. The book then reviews the latest scientific insights into how endocytic trafficking and subcellular location modulate a set of major pathways that are essential to normal cellular function and organisms’ development.

Exosomes and Microvesicles

Exosomes and Microvesicles Book
Author : Andrew F. Hill
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2016-12-10
ISBN : 9781493967261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume covers methods for the analysis of extracellular vesicles (EV) that can be applied to isolated EVs from a wide variety of sources. This includes the use of electron microscopy, tunable resistance pulse sensing, and nanoparticle tracking analysis. The chapters in this book discuss EV cargoes containing proteins and genomic materials using a number of different approaches, and isolating EVs from platelets and neuronal cells and tissues. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Practical and comprehensive, Exosomes and Microvesicles: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource containing methodologies for anyone interested in researching EVs.

Role of Exosomes in Biological Communication Systems

Role of Exosomes in Biological Communication Systems Book
Author : Faisal A. Alzahrani,Islam M. Saadeldin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-20
ISBN : 9811565996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews the role of exosomes and extracellular vesicles in both normal and pathological conditions. It first explains isolation methods for exosomes, and analyzes their fine structure and biological functions. Further, it highlights exosomes’ role as the key regulator in embryonic-maternal communication, and in the pathogenesis of various diseases, including cancer and urogenital, infectious, and neurodegenerative diseases. Moreover, it reviews the latest advances in using stem-cell-derived exosomes as a cell-free strategy in regenerative medicine, as well as the potential of exosomal microRNA as a promising non-invasive biomarker and targetable factor in cancer diagnosis and treatment. Lastly, it explores the use of natural and synthetic exosomes as nano-vehicles for efficient drug delivery.

Nanomedicines

Nanomedicines Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-02-13
ISBN : 1789852838
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomedicine is the application of nanotechnology in medicines at an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular level. Nanomedicine covers a wide range of topics from the development of nanomaterials for use in medicines to the synthesis of nanomedicines with their multiple applications. The major focus of the book is on developments in nanomedicines and their effectiveness compared to conventional drugs. Some drugs are administered twice daily for days and weeks. However, the frequency of administration and dosage of drugs can be reduced to increase patient compliance when prepared at the nanoscale level with polymers, etc. This book contains five chapters from leading scientists working in the area of nanomedicines. Particular topics that are highlighted are exosomes, nanoantimicrobial solutions, transethosomes, nanoethosomes, nanoparticles, multifunctional drugs, and natural dietary products.

Detection Methods in Precision Medicine

Detection Methods in Precision Medicine Book
Author : Mengsu Yang,Michael Thompson
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2020-12-14
ISBN : 1788017617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book will be among the first to cover the detection methods for precision medicine that are set to transform health care in the future.

Extracellular Vesicles and Their Importance in Human Health

Extracellular Vesicles and Their Importance in Human Health Book
Author : Ana Gil De Bona,Jose Antonio Reales-Calderon
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-03-04
ISBN : 1789239435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extracellular vesicle is a wide term that involves many different types of vesicles. Almost all the cell types studied secrete vesicles to the extracellular environment related to cell - cell communication. Extracellular vesicles have been found in different biological fluids, such as blood, milk, saliva, tears, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid. These vesicles transport different molecules, including mRNA, proteins, and lipids, some of them cell type specific that make them ideal biomarkers in both health and disease conditions. However, their contribution to different conditions is not well understood. The aim of this book is to provide an overview of the extracellular vesicles in the human body, how they are internalized, and their participation in several diseases.