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Developments In Fiber Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Civil Engineering

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Developments in Fiber Reinforced Polymer FRP Composites for Civil Engineering

Developments in Fiber Reinforced Polymer  FRP  Composites for Civil Engineering Book
Author : Nasim Uddin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0857098950
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials has had a dramatic impact on civil engineering techniques over the past three decades. FRPs are an ideal material for structural applications where high strength-to-weight and stiffness-to-weight ratios are required. Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering outlines the latest developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites and their applications in civil engineering. Part one outlines the general developments of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) use, reviewing recent advancements in the design and processing techniques of composite materials. Part two outlines particular types of fiber-reinforced polymers and covers their use in a wide range of civil engineering and structural applications, including their use in disaster-resistant buildings, strengthening steel structures and bridge superstructures. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering is an essential text for researchers and engineers in the field of civil engineering and industries such as bridge and building construction. Outlines the latest developments in fiber-reinforced polymer composites and their applications in civil engineering Reviews recent advancements in the design and processing techniques of composite materials Covers the use of particular types of fiber-reinforced polymers in a wide range of civil engineering and structural applications

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for civil engineering Book
Author : M. Dawood
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0128087781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter summarizes the recent advances in the use of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) materials for repair, rehabilitation, and strengthening of steel structures. Conventional methods of strengthening and repairing steel structures are presented. The advantages and limitations of using FRP materials are summarized. Topics presented include strengthening of flexural members, strengthening with prestressed FRP materials, stress-based and fracture mechanics-based approaches to evaluating bond behavior, repair of cracked steel members, and strengthening of slender members subjected to compression forces. The chapter concludes with a brief discussion of future trends in this field and a summary of other resources for further information.

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for civil engineering Book
Author : O. Gunes
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0128087684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials have been increasingly used in civil engineering applications in the past two decades. Their wide ranging use, however, is still not realized due to a few fundamental issues including high material costs, relatively short history of applications and the gaps in the development of established standards. Design safety requires that all possible modes and mechanisms of failure are identified, characterized, and accounted for in the design procedures. This chapter provides a review of the failure types encountered in structural engineering applications of FRP and the preventive methods and strategies that have been developed to eliminate or delay such failures. As part of preventive measures, various non-destructive testing (NDT) and structural health monitoring (SHM) methods used for monitoring FRP applications are discussed with illustrative examples.

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for civil engineering Book
Author : S. Moy
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0128087706
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter deals with the uses of advanced composite materials in the construction industry. After considering the advantages of using composites and methods of fabrication, it outlines the surprisingly wide range of applications of composites. Examples are given from around the world of components and complete buildings and bridges, railway and other infrastructure, geotechnical applications and pipes for the water sector. Finally a number of more unusual or future possibilities are presented.

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for civil engineering Book
Author : Y. Gowayed
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0128087641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In fiber reinforced plastics (FRP), as a special type of polymer matrix composite, fibers provide the stiffness and strength while the surrounding plastic matrix transfers the stress between fibers and protects them. In this chapter, the role of fibers in FRP is delineated, their types and properties are discussed and the fabric forms in which they can be formed and used to reinforce FRP are presented. A special focus is given to the effect of the chemical structure of fibers on the stability and the level of anisotropy of their mechanical response. Furthermore, the effect of assembling these fibers into yarns and fabrics on the response of the FRP is presented as basis for further readings.

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for civil engineering Book
Author : R. Liang,G. Hota
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 012808779X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter presents dozens of select environmental engineering applications of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials with emphasis on their environmental benefits, followed by discussions on durability of composites. Significance of design codes and specifications in promoting and advancing the applications of FRP composites is addressed. With ever increasing attention toward a sustainable built environment, FRP composites have potential to be selected as a material of choice because of the performance and design advantages of FRPs.

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for civil engineering Book
Author : O. Faruk,M.S. Ain
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 012808765X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biofibers are emerging as a low cost, lightweight and environmentally superior alternative in composites. Generally, different fibers exhibit different properties that are fundamentally important to the resultant composites. This chapter gives an overview of the most common biofibers in biocomposites, covering their sources, types, structure, composition, and properties. Drawbacks of biofibers, such as dimensional instability, moisture absorption, biological, ultraviolet and fire resistance, will be discussed. The chapter will focus on their modifications (physical and chemical methods), matrices based on their petrochemical resources and bio-based, processing of biofiber reinforced plastic composites covering the factors influencing processing (humidity, additives, machinery, processing parameter, fiber content and length), and processing techniques (compounding, compression molding, extrusion, injection molding, pultrusion and others) will be discussed. The properties of the biocomposites based on their mechanical, physical, and biological behavior will also be covered. Lastly, this chapter concludes with recent developments and trends of biocomposites in the near future in civil engineering.

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for civil engineering Book
Author : D. Lau
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0128087714
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) has been a practical alternative construction material for replacing steel in the construction industry for several decades. However, some mechanical weaknesses of FRP are still unresolved, which limit the extensive use of this material in civil infrastructure. In order to mitigate the disadvantage of using FRP, the concept of hybridization is delivered here. The advantages of hybrid structural systems include the cost effectiveness and the ability to optimize the cross section based on material properties of each constituent material. In this chapter, two major applications of hybrid FRP composites are discussed: (1) the internal reinforcement in reinforced concrete (RC) structures, and (2) the cables in long-span cable-stayed bridges. In order to improve the flexural ductility of FRP-reinforced concrete (FRPRC) beam, the additional steel longitudinal reinforcement is proposed such that the hybrid FRPRC beams contain both FRP and steel reinforcement. In order to improve the vibrational problem in pure FRP cables used in bridge construction, an innovative hybrid FRP cable which can inherently incorporate a smart damper is proposed. The objective of this chapter is to deliver an up-to-date review of hybrid FRP composite structures, including both the industrial practice and the research in academia. The advantages of using hybrid FRP composites for construction will also be described with experimental support. It is hoped that the reader will appreciate the concept of hybridization, which leads to the efficient utilization of all constituent materials in a bonded system.

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for civil engineering Book
Author : P. Qiao,J.F. Davalos
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0128087803
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter presents a systematic approach for material characterization, analysis, and design of all-fiber-reinforced polymer or plastic (FRP) composite structures. The suggested ‘bottom-up’ analysis concept is applied throughout the procedure, from materials/microstructures, to macro components, to structural members, and finally to structural systems, thus providing a systematic analysis methodology for all-FRP composite structures. The systematic approach described in this chapter can be used efficiently to analyze and design FRP shapes and bridge systems and also develop new design concepts for all composite structures.

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for civil engineering Book
Author : R. El-Hajjar,H. Tan,K.M. Pillai
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0128087668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern structural applications of composite materials are dictated by the processing methods available. In this chapter, we introduce recent developments related to the manufacturing of composites in civil engineering applications using vacuum assisted resin transfer molding, pultrusion, and automated fiber placement.

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for civil engineering Book
Author : N. Uddin,A.M. Abro,J.D. Purdue,U. Vaidya
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0128087765
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: The primary objective of this chapter is first to introduce and demonstrate the application of thermoplastic (woven glass reinforced polypropylene) in the design of modular fiber-reinforced bridge decks, and next the development of jackets for confining concrete columns against compression and impact loading. The design concept and manufacturing processes of the thermoplastic bridge deck composite structural system are presented by recognizing the structural demands required to support highway traffic. Then the results of the small-scale static cylinder tests and the impact tests of concrete columns are presented, demonstrating that thermoplastic reinforcement jackets act to restrain the lateral expansion of the concrete that accompanies the onset of crushing, maintaining the integrity of the core concrete, and enabling much higher compression strains (compared to CFRP composite wraps) to be sustained by the compression zone before failure occurs.

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for civil engineering Book
Author : J. Wang
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0128087692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Strengthening reinforced concrete (RC) members using fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites through external bonding has emerged as a viable technique to retrofit/repair deteriorated infrastructure. The interface between the FRP and concrete plays a critical role in this technique. This chapter discusses the analytical and experimental methods used to examine the integrity and long-term durability of this interface. Interface stress models, including the commonly adopted two-parameter elastic foundation model and a novel three-parameter elastic foundation model (3PEF) are first presented, which can be used as general tools to analyze and evaluate the design of the FRP strengthening system. Then two interface fracture models – linear elastic fracture mechanics and cohesive zone model – are established to analyze the potential and full debonding process of the FRP–concrete interface. Under the synergistic effects of the service loads and environments species, the FRP–concrete interface experiences deterioration, which may reduce its long-term durability. A novel experimental method, environment-assisted subcritical debonding testing, is then introduced to evaluate this deteriorating process. The existing small cracks along the FRP–concrete interface can grow slowly even if the mechanical load is lower than the critical value. This slow-crack growth process is known as environment-assisted subcritical cracking. A series of subcritical cracking tests are conducted using a wedge-driven test setup t o gain the ability to accurately predict the long-term durability of the FRP–concrete interface.

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for civil engineering Book
Author : Y. Kitane,A.J. Aref
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0128087773
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter first reviews current structural applications of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in bridge structures, and describes advantages of FRP in bridge applications. This chapter then introduces the design of a hybrid FRP-concrete bridge superstructure, which has been developed at The University at Buffalo for the past ten years, and discusses structural performance of the superstructure based on extensive experimental and analytical studies.

Advanced Fibre Reinforced Polymer FRP Composites for Structural Applications

Advanced Fibre Reinforced Polymer  FRP  Composites for Structural Applications Book
Author : J Bai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-09-30
ISBN : 0857098640
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have become essential materials for the building of new structures and for the repair of existing infrastructure. Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications provides an overview of different advanced FRP composites and the use of these materials in a variety of application areas. Part one introduces materials used in the creation of advanced FRP composites including polyester, vinylester and epoxy resins. Part two goes on to explore the processing and fabrication of advanced FRP composites and includes chapters on prepreg processing and filament winding processes. Part three highlights properties of advanced FRP composites and explores how performance can be managed and tested. Applications of advanced FRP composites, including bridge engineering, pipe rehabilitation in the oil and gas industry and sustainable energy production, are discussed in part four. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications is a technical resource for researchers and engineers using advanced FRP composites, as well as professionals requiring an understanding of the production and properties of advanced FRP composites, and academics interested in this field. Provides an overview of different advanced FRP composites and the use of these materials in a variety of application areas Introduces materials used in the creation of advanced FRP composites including polyester, vinylester and epoxy resins Explores the processing and fabrication of advanced FRP composites and includes chapters on prepreg processing and filament winding processes

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for civil engineering Book
Author : N. Uddin,M.A. Mousa,F.H. Fouad
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0128087730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The low velocity impact response of plain autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) and FRP/AAC sandwich panels has been investigated. The structural sandwich panels composed of a FRP/AAC combination have shown excellent characteristics in terms of high strength and high stiffness-to-weight ratios. In addition to having adequate flexural and shear properties, the behavior of FRP/AAC sandwich panels needs to be investigated when subjected to impact loading. During service, the structural members in the building structures are subjected to impact loading that varies from object-caused impact, blast due to explosions, to high velocity impact of debris during tornados, hurricanes, or storms. Low velocity impact (LVI) testing serves as a means to quantify the allowable impact energy that the structure is able to withstand and to assess the typical failure modes encountered during this type of loading. The objectives of this chapter are: to study the response of plain AAC and CFRP/AAC sandwich structures to low velocity impact and to assess the damage performance of the panels; to study the effect of FRP laminates on the impact response of CFRP/AAC panels; to study the effect of the processing method (hand layup versus VARTM) and panel stiffness on the impact response of the hybrid panels. Impact testing was conducted using an Instron drop-tower testing machine. Experimental results showed a significant influence of CFRPs laminates on the energy absorbed and peak load of the CFRP/AAC panels. Further, a theoretical analysis was conducted to predict the energy absorbed by the CFRP/AAC sandwich panel using the energy balance model, and the results found were in good accordance with the experimental ones.

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for civil engineering Book
Author : N. Uddin,S. Cauthen,L. Ramos,U.K. Vaidya
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0128087676
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-quality and expedient repair methods are necessary to address concrete deterioration that can occur in bridge structures. Most infrastructure-related applications of fiber-reinforced plastics (FRPs) use hand layup methods. Hand layup is tedious, labor-intensive and results are sensitive to personnel skill level. An alternative method of FRP application is vacuum assisted resin transfer molding (VARTM). VARTM uses single-sided molding technology to infuse resin over fabrics wrapping large structures, such as bridge girders and columns. There is no research currently available on the interface developed, when VARTM processing is adopted to wrap fibers such as carbon and/ or glass over concrete structures. This chapter investigates the shear and flexural strength gains of a beam by carbon fiber cast on concrete using the VARTM method. The carbon fiber composite was made using Sikadur HEX 103C and low viscosity epoxy resin Sikadur 300. Tests were conducted to determine and document the gains of FRP rehabilitated beams applied by the VARTM method compared to the hand layup method of application. This newly introduced technique to repair and retrofit a simple span I-565 prestressed concrete bridge girder in Huntsville, Alabama, was implemented in the field within two days without any traffic interruption, and the field demonstration of this newly introduced technique to civil infrastructure is presented to the end.

10th International Conference on FRP Composites in Civil Engineering

10th International Conference on FRP Composites in Civil Engineering Book
Author : Alper Ilki,Medine Ispir,Pinar Inci
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-11-26
ISBN : 3030881660
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume highlights the latest advances, innovations, and applications in the field of FRP composites and structures, as presented by leading international researchers and engineers at the 10th International Conference on Fibre-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites in Civil Engineering (CICE), held in Istanbul, Turkey on December 8-10, 2021. It covers a diverse range of topics such as All FRP structures; Bond and interfacial stresses; Concrete-filled FRP tubular members; Concrete structures reinforced or pre-stressed with FRP; Confinement; Design issues/guidelines; Durability and long-term performance; Fire, impact and blast loading; FRP as internal reinforcement; Hybrid structures of FRP and other materials; Materials and products; Seismic retrofit of structures; Strengthening of concrete, steel, masonry and timber structures; and Testing. The contributions, which were selected by means of a rigorous international peer-review process, present a wealth of exciting ideas that will open novel research directions and foster multidisciplinary collaboration among different specialists.

The International Handbook of FRP Composites in Civil Engineering

The International Handbook of FRP Composites in Civil Engineering Book
Author : Manoochehr Zoghi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-09-26
ISBN : 0849320135
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have become an integral part of the construction industry because of their versatility, enhanced durability and resistance to fatigue and corrosion, high strength-to-weight ratio, accelerated construction, and lower maintenance and life-cycle costs. Advanced FRP composite materials are also emerging for a wide range of civil infrastructure applications. These include everything from bridge decks, bridge strengthening and repairs, and seismic retrofit to marine waterfront structures and sustainable, energy-efficient housing. The International Handbook of FRP Composites in Civil Engineering brings together a wealth of information on advances in materials, techniques, practices, nondestructive testing, and structural health monitoring of FRP composites, specifically for civil infrastructure. With a focus on professional applications, the handbook supplies design guidelines and standards of practice from around the world. It also includes helpful design formulas, tables, and charts to provide immediate answers to common questions. Organized into seven parts, the handbook covers: FRP fundamentals, including history, codes and standards, manufacturing, materials, mechanics, and life-cycle costs Bridge deck applications and the critical topic of connection design for FRP structural members External reinforcement for rehabilitation, including the strengthening of reinforced concrete, masonry, wood, and metallic structures FRP composites for the reinforcement of concrete structures, including material characteristics, design procedures, and quality assurance–quality control (QA/QC) issues Hybrid FRP composite systems, with an emphasis on design, construction, QA/QC, and repair Quality control, quality assurance, and evaluation using nondestructive testing, and in-service monitoring using structural health monitoring of FRP composites, including smart composites that can actively sense and respond to the environment and internal states FRP-related books, journals, conference proceedings, organizations, and research sources Comprehensive yet concise, this is an invaluable reference for practicing engineers and construction professionals, as well as researchers and students. It offers ready-to-use information on how FRP composites can be more effectively utilized in new construction, repair and reconstruction, and architectural engineering.

Fiber Reinforced Polymer FRP Composites for Infrastructure Applications

Fiber Reinforced Polymer  FRP  Composites for Infrastructure Applications Book
Author : Ravi Jain,Luke Lee
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-01-02
ISBN : 9400723571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines current issues of fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in civil infrastructure. The contents of this book are divided into two parts. The first part engages topics related to durability and service life of FRP composites and how they contribute to sustainability. The second part highlights implementation and applications of the FRP composites with an emphasis on bridge structures. An introductory chapter provides an overview of FRP composites and its role in a sustainable built environment highlighting the issues of durability and service life followed by a current review of sustainability in infrastructure design.​

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for civil engineering Book
Author : N. Uddin,A. Vaidya,U. Vaidya,S. Pillay
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0128087757
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modular panelized construction is a modern form of construction technique in which precast multifunctional structural panels are used. In this technique, precast panels are fabricated in the manufacturing facility and are transported to the construction site. Traditional structural insulated panels (SIPs) consist of oriented strand boards (OSB) as facesheets and expanded polystyrene (EPS) foam as the core. These panels are highly energy efficient but have issues in terms of poor impact resistance and higher life cycle costs. Proposed panels consist of E-glass/polypropylene (PP) laminates as facesheets and EPS foam as core and are called composite structural insulated panels (CSIPs). Proposed CSIPs overcome the issues of traditional SIPs and retain all the energy-saving benefits of the traditional SIPs. This chapter describes manufacturing techniques developed for CSIPs and connection details for bonding CSIPs on the construction site. Based on the experimental investigation, ultrasonic welding was found to be the most suitable technique for joining the proposed CSIPs.