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Developmental Human Behavioral Epigenetics

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Developmental Human Behavioral Epigenetics

Developmental Human Behavioral Epigenetics Book
Author : Livio Provenzi,Rosario Montirosso
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-20
ISBN : 0128192631
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Developmental Human Behavioral Epigenetics: Principles, Methods, Evidence, and Future Directions, Volume 23, a new volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, offers the first systematic account of theoretical G79 frameworks, methodological approaches, findings, and future directions in the field of human behavioral epigenetics. Featuring contributions from leading scientists and international researchers, this book provides a comprehensive overview of human behavioral epigenetics, with a close examination of evidence gathered to-date from animal models, challenges of human-based research and clinical translation, pathways towards drug discovery, and next steps in research. Areas of focus include prenatal stress exposures, preterm behavioral epigenetics, intergenerational exposures, trauma and neglect, socio-economic conditions, maternal caregiving and attachment, study design, and epigenetics and psychotherapy. Enables more effective study design and methods application in behavioral epigenetics research across human and animal models Examines findings in human behavioral epigenetics to-date Features contributions from leading international researchers in behavioral epigenetics

The Developing Genome

The Developing Genome Book
Author : David S. Moore
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0199922349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Includes bibliographical references (pages 275-300) and index

Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Early Adversity and Development Evidence from Human and Animal Research

Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Early Adversity and Development  Evidence from Human and Animal Research Book
Author : Rosario Montirosso,Livio Provenzi,Ed Tronick
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-02-13
ISBN : 2889634760
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Early Adversity and Development Evidence from Human and Animal Research book written by Rosario Montirosso,Livio Provenzi,Ed Tronick, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Personality Development

Handbook of Personality Development Book
Author : Dan P. McAdams,Rebecca L. Shiner,Jennifer L. Tackett
Publisher : Guilford Publications
Release : 2019-01-18
ISBN : 146253693X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bringing together prominent scholars, this authoritative volume considers the development of personality at multiple levels--from the neuroscience of dispositional traits to the cultural shaping of life stories. Illustrated with case studies and concrete examples, the Handbook integrates areas of research that have often remained disparate. It offers a lifespan perspective on the many factors that influence each individual's psychological makeup and examines the interface of personality development with health, psychopathology, relationships, and the family. Contributors provide broad-based, up-to-date reviews of theories, empirical findings, methodological innovations, and emerging trends. See also the authored volume The Art and Science of Personality Development, by Dan P. McAdams.

Advancing Developmental Science

Advancing Developmental Science Book
Author : Anthony S Dick
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2017-07-06
ISBN : 1351704567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Developmental science is an interdisciplinary scientific field dedicated to describing, understanding, and explaining change in behavior across the lifespan and the psychological, environmental, and biological processes that co-determine this change during the organism's development. Developmental science is thus a broad discipline that lies at the intersection of psychology, biology, sociology, anthropology and other allied disciplines. Advancing Developmental Science: Philosophy, Theory, and Method reflects this broad view of developmental science, and reviews the philosophical, theoretical, and methodological issues facing the field. It does so within the Process-Relational paradigm, as described by developmentalist Willis Overton over the course of his career. Within that framework, this book explores development in a number of specific cognitive, neurobiological, and social domains, and provides students and researchers with a comprehensive suite of conceptual and methodological tools to describe, explain, and optimize intraindividual change across the lifespan.

Exotic No More Second Edition

Exotic No More  Second Edition Book
Author : Jeremy MacClancy
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2019-09-25
ISBN : 022663616X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this new edition of the anthropological classic Exotic No More, some of today’s most respected anthropologists demonstrate the tremendous contributions that anthropological theory and ethnographic methods can make to the study of contemporary society. With chapters covering a wide variety of subjects—the economy, religion, the sciences, gender and sexuality, human rights, music and art, tourism, migration, and the internet—this volume shows how anthropologists grapple with a world that is in constant and accelerating transformation. Each contributor uses examples from their adventurous fieldwork to challenge us to rethink some of our most firmly held notions. This fully updated edition reflects the best that anthropology has to offer in the twenty-first century. The result is both an invaluable introduction to the field for students and a landmark achievement that will set the agenda for critical approaches to the study of contemporary life. Contributors:Ruben Andersson, Philippe Bourgois, Catherine Buerger, James G. Carrier, Marcus Colchester, James Fairhead, Kim Fortun, Mike Fortun, Katy Gardner, Faye Ginsburg, Roberto J. González, Tom Griffiths, Chris Hann, Susan Harding, Faye V. Harrison, Laurie Kain Hart, Richard Jenkins, George Karandinos, Christopher M. Kelty, Melissa Leach, Margaret Lock, Jeremy MacClancy, Sally Engle Merry, Fernando Montero, Matt Sakakeeny, Anthony Alan Shelton, Christopher B. Steiner, Richard Ashby Wilson

Brain Behavior and Epigenetics

Brain  Behavior and Epigenetics Book
Author : Arturas Petronis,Jonathan Mill
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-05-19
ISBN : 9783642174261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomedical research in the first decade of the 21st century has been marked by a rapidly growing interest in epigenetics. The reasons for this are numerous, but primarily it stems from the mounting realization that research programs focused solely on DNA sequence variation, despite their breadth and depth, are unlikely to address all fundamental aspects of human biology. Some questions are evident even to non-biologists. How does a single zygote develop into a complex multicellular organism composed of dozens of different tissues and hundreds of cell types, all genetically identical but performing very different functions? Why do monozygotic twins, despite their stunning external similarities, often exhibit significant differences in personality and predisposition to disease? If environmental factors are solely the cause of such variation, why are similar differences also observed between genetically identical animals housed in a uniform environment? Over the last couple of decades, epigenetics has undergone a significant metamorphosis from an abstract developmental theory to a very dynamic and rapidly developing branch of molecular biology. This volume represents a compilation of our current understanding about the key aspects of epigenetic processes in the brain and their role in behavior. The chapters in this book bring together some of the leading researchers in the field of behavioral epigenetics. They explore many of the epigenetic processes which operate or may be operating to mediate neurobiological functions in the brain and describe how perturbations to these systems may play a key role in mediating behavior and the origin of brain diseases.

Epigenetics and Human Health

Epigenetics and Human Health Book
Author : Alexander Haslberger,Sabine Greßler
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-08-24
ISBN : 352764475X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

After first introducing the concept of epigenetics, this handbook and ready reference provides an overview of the main research on epigenetics. It adopts a multidisciplinary approach, involving molecular biology, molecular epidemiology and nutritional science, with a special focus of the book is on disease prevention and treatment. Of interest to all healthcare-related professionals as well as nutritionists, and the medical community focusing on disease prevention.

Epigenetic Shaping of Sociosexual Interactions From Plants to Humans

Epigenetic Shaping of Sociosexual Interactions  From Plants to Humans Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-09-03
ISBN : 9780128002223
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetic Shaping of Sociosexual Interactions: From Plants to Humans is the first attempt to interpret the higher social functions of organisms. This volume covers an extraordinarily wide range of biological research and provides a novel framework for understanding human-specific brain functions. Covers an extraordinarily wide range of biological research Provides a novel framework for understanding human-specific brain functions.

Epigenetics for Intermediate

Epigenetics for Intermediate Book
Author : Frank Brown
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-04-27
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

You Are About To Develop An Insider Understanding Of Epigenetics, Including Their Relationship With The DNA, Environmental Factors, Human Development And Evolution; Their Role In Human Mental And Physical Health, Including Their Use In The Treating Of Different Conditions And Diseases Along With The Most Current Epigenetic Practices And Research! What started as a broad research focused on combining genetics and developmental biology during the mid-twentieth century has evolved into the field we currently refer to as epigenetics- the mechanism of gene control that can either promote or repress gene expression without altering the genetic coding of the organism. Today, we know that the environment factors and individual lifestyles can have a direct interaction with epigenetic change, which can be reflected at various stages throughout the life of an individual and even in the later generations. You've heard that a mother's exposure to pollution can affect her child's asthma susceptibility, haven't you? No? How about the argument that a child's mental fitness can be (epigenetically) influenced by his/her dad's diet? Epigenetic change, which has nothing to do with the changes to the underlying DNA sequence, does affect how cells read genes and this biological change is influenced by several factors which include environment, lifestyle and health state through a mechanisms including a popular one known as DNA methylation. But what is the relationship between the epigenetic change and physical and physiological conditions as regards to their onset and improvement? How are epigenetic modifications being used to understand our environment, society and increasing human adaptation? How exactly do epigenetic therapies work? How does DNA affect epigenetic changes? How can we exploit epigenetic mechanisms to understand life better and improve it? If you have these and other related questions, this book is for you. More precisely, you will learn: What epigenetics are and their role in developmental psychology The influence of epigenetics at the molecular level and the impact of DNA damage in epigenetic change How epigenetics are studied The functions and consequences of epigenetics, and their specific benefits in mindfulness training, healthy eating and physical activity How genes control the growth and division of cells The role of epigenetic therapy in diabetic retinopathy, emotional disorders, cardiac dysfunction, cancer and schizophrenia and many more How epigenetic modifications are used in cancer treatment, and plant and animal evolution How epigenetic mechanisms are used in processes including human adaptation, memory formation, growth and infant neuro-behavior. How epigenetic mechanisms are used in maternal care How environmental chemical exposures affect epigenetics The role of epigenetics in neurodegenerative diseases, drug formation, human development, the development of Hox genes and many more The role of environmental exposures in pathophysiology of IPF Modulation of epigenetic marks by environmental exposures How epigenetic regulation affects the immune system ...And so much more! So if you've been exposed to the concept of epigenetics as a novel way of understanding disorders, inheritance and evolution and wondered what it's really all about and how it's related with environmental exposure and different therapy practices, this book is all you need! Scroll up and click Buy Now With 1-Click or Buy Now to get started!

Behavior A Guide For Practitioners An Issue of Veterinary Clinics of North America Small Animal Practice

Behavior  A Guide For Practitioners  An Issue of Veterinary Clinics of North America  Small Animal Practice  Book
Author : Gary Landsberg
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2014-05-04
ISBN : 0323297307
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This issue acts as a guide to behavior in dogs and cats for practitioners. Topics include: genetics and behavior of cats and dogs, the effects of stress on small animal health and behavior, canine agression towards family members or visitors, common sense small animal behaviour modification, small animal behavior triage, abnormal reptitive behaviors, feline agression towards family members, cat fights, and more.

Epigenetic Markers

Epigenetic Markers Book
Author : M. Widschwendter,S. Srivastava
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9781586037222
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

DNA methylation is an epigenetic process that occurs when a methyl group binds to one of DNA's four bases, cytosine. These changes are responsible for controlling the activity of genes by turning them off. This book contains ten articles that explore the details and challenges of cancer epigenetics.

Epigenetics Brain and Behavior

Epigenetics  Brain and Behavior Book
Author : Paolo Sassone Corsi,Yves Christen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-08-28
ISBN : 3642279120
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What lies at the heart of neuronal plasticity? Accumulating evidence points to epigenetics. This word originally indicated potentially heritable modifications in gene expression that do not involve changes in DNA sequence. Today this definition is much less strict, and epigenetic control is thought to include DNA methylation, histone modifications, histone variants, microRNA metabolic pathways and non-histone proteins modifications. Thus, while neuronal plasticity is rightly thought to be intimately associated to genomic control, it is critical to appreciate that there is much more to the genome than DNA sequence. Recent years have seen spectacular advances in the field of epigenetics. These have attracted the interest of researchers in many fields and evidence connecting epigenetic regulation to brain functions has been accumulating. Neurons daily convert a variety of external stimuli into rapid or long-lasting changes in gene expression. A variety of studies have centered on the molecular mechanisms implicated in epigenetic control and how these may operate in concert. It will be critical to unravel how specificity is achieved. Importantly, specific modifications seem to mediate both developmental processes and adult brain functions, such as synaptic plasticity and memory. Many aspects of the research in neurosciences and endocrinology during the upcoming decade will be dominated by the deciphering of epigenetic control. This book constitutes a compendium of the most updated views in the field.

Handbook of Stress Coping and Health

Handbook of Stress  Coping  and Health Book
Author : Virginia Hill Rice
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1412999294
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique and comprehensive handbook examines the various models of stress, coping, and health and their relevance for nursing and related health fields. Building on the first edition that has been highly-praised for its analysis and critique of existing models and its discussion of new research surrounding self-regulation and stress, this Second Edition continues to provide a critical analysis of the field while providing up to date cutting-edge research. Under the expert editorship of Dr. Virginia Hill Rice, experienced scholars and practitioners present a broad range of issues and research that relate to stress and health, such as response-oriented stress; stimulus-oriented stress; and transactional stress, coping, and health in children, adolescents, attitudes, and much, much more.

Mammalian Brain Development

Mammalian Brain Development Book
Author : Damir Janigro
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-09-18
ISBN : 9781607612872
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Denis Noble Nearly a decade after completion of the first draft of the entire Human Genome sequence we are in a better position to assess the nature and the consequences of that heroic achievement, which can be seen as the culmination of the molecular biological revolution of the second half of the twentieth century. The achievement itself was celebrated at the highest levels (President and Prime Minister) on both sides of the Atlantic, and rightly so. DNA sequencing has become sufficiently c- mon now, even to the extent of being used in law courts, that it is easy to forget how technically difficult it was and how cleverly the sequencing teams solved those problems in the exciting race to finish by the turn of the century [1, 2]. The fanfares were misplaced, however, in an important respect. The metaphors used to describe the project and its biological significance gave the impression to the public at large, and to many scientists themselves, that this sequence would reveal the secrets of life. DNA had already been likened to a computer program [3]. The “genetic program” for life was therefore to be found in those sequences: A kind of map that had simply to be unfolded during development. The even more colo- ful “book of life” metaphor gave the promise that reading that book would lead to a veritable outpouring of new cures for diseases, hundreds of new drug targets, and a brave new world of medicine.

Child Development

Child Development Book
Author : A. Christine Harris
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Child Development book written by A. Christine Harris, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Transgenerational Epigenetics

Transgenerational Epigenetics Book
Author : Trygve Tollefsbol
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-05-02
ISBN : 0124059228
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transgenerational Epigenetics provides a comprehensive analysis of the inheritance of epigenetic phenomena between generations. Recent research points to the existence of biological phenomena that are controlled not through gene mutations, but rather through reversible and heritable epigenetic processes. Epidemiological studies have suggested that environmental factors may be heritable. In fact, environmental factors often play a role in transgenerational epigenetics, which may have selective or adverse effects on the offspring. This epigenetic information can be transferred through a number of mechanisms including DNA methylation, histone modifications or RNA and the effects can persist for multiple generations. This book examines the evolution of epigenetic inheritance, its expression in animal and plant models, and how human diseases, such as metabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases, appear to be affected by transgenerational epigenetic inheritance. It discusses clinical interventions in transgenerational epigenetic inheritance that may be on the horizon to help prevent diseases before the offspring are born, or to reduce the severity of diseases at the very earliest stages of development in utero, and current controversies in this area of study, as well as future directions for research. Focused discussion of metabolic disorders, cardiovascular diseases and longevity, which appear most affected by reversible and heritable epigenetic processes Encompasses both foundational and clinical aspects including discussions of preventative in utero therapies Covers history, future outlook, disease management and current controversies

Fetal Development

Fetal Development Book
Author : Nadja Reissland,Barbara S. Kisilevsky
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-03-15
ISBN : 3319220233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an overview of fetal psychobiological research, focusing on brain and behavior, genetic and epigenetic factors affecting both short and long-term development, and technological breakthroughs in the field. These focal points intersect throughout the chapters, as in the challenges of evaluating the fetal central nervous system, the myriad impacts of maternal stressors and resiliencies, and the salience of animal studies. It also discusses specific monitoring and assessment methods, including cardiotocography, biomagnetometry, 4D ultrasound, in utero MRI, and the KANET test. Spanning assessment, identification, and pre- and postnatal intervention, the book weighs the merits of standardized evaluations and argues for more integrative research in the future. Included in the coverage: Effects on the fetus of maternal anxiety, depression, and stress during pregnancy. Clinical and experimental research in human fetuses and animal models. Observational research including the use of behaviors in developing tests to assess fetal health. Fetal auditory processing and implications for language development. Fetal effects of prenatal exposure to selective SRI antidepressant exposure. Structural and functional imaging of the prenatal brain. The effects of alcohol exposure on fetal development. Fetal Development: Research on Brain and Behavior, Environmental Influences, and Emerging Technologies is an essential resource for researchers, clinicians and related professionals, as well as students in a wide range of fields such as developmental psychology, pediatric and obstetrical medicine, neuroscience, nursing, social work, and early childhood education.

Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Book
Author : Leland W. K. Chung,William B. Isaacs,Jonathan W. Simons
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-11-10
ISBN : 1597452246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Prostate Cancer: Biology, Genetics, and the New Therapeutics, Second Edition, reviews new, valuable approaches to the treatment of prostate cancer in men. The latest edition contains new material on molecular imaging, new treatments for prostate cancer, molecular targets, cell signaling pathways, bioinformatics, and pathogenomics. The book details the latest innovations and advances in prostate cancer and may be used as a rapid reference text for readers. The volume profiles the latest advances in cancer research and treatment and includes profound studies in prostate stem cells, cancer-host interactions, hedgehog signaling in development and cancer, cholesterol and cell signaling, gene therapy for advanced prostate cancer, and noninvasive strategies such as molecular imaging to visualize gene expression. This new edition also investigates expression profiling and somatic alterations in prostate cancer progression and linkage studies of prostate cancer families to identify susceptibility genes. The issues of racial differences in prostate cancer mortality, radiotherapy for the treatment of locally advanced prostate cancer, recombinant antibody candidates for treatment, taxane-based chemotherapy, lethal phenotypes, and novel and efficient translation clinical trials are also presented in great depth. Prostate Cancer: Biology, Genetics, and the New Therapeutics, Second Edition, provides readers with a general reference for prostate cancer from prevention to therapy and will be of value to clinicians, scientists, and administrators who strive to solve the cancer problem.

Human Behavior and Social Environments

Human Behavior and Social Environments Book
Author : Dennis Saleebey
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0231112807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Using a biopsychosocial perspective, this book demonstrates that there are many ways of knowing, many methods of inquiry, and several perspectives that can guide one's understanding of human behavior. The conceptual frameworks upon which this book is based are resilience and meaning-making. Themes throughout are capacity, context and constitution. Pedagogical devices to aid the student include chapter overviews, case studies, and end of chapter questions.