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Development Of Auditory And Vestibular Systems

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Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems

Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems Book
Author : Raymond Romand,Isabel Varela-Nieto
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-05-23
ISBN : 0124081088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems fourth edition presents a global and synthetic view of the main aspects of the development of the stato-acoustic system. Unique to this volume is the joint discussion of two sensory systems that, although close at the embryological stage, present divergences during development and later reveal conspicuous functional differences at the adult stage. This work covers the development of auditory receptors up to the central auditory system from several animal models, including humans. Coverage of the vestibular system, spanning amphibians to effects of altered gravity during development in different species, offers examples of the diversity and complexity of life at all levels, from genes through anatomical form and function to, ultimately, behavior. The new edition of Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems will continue to be an indispensable resource for beginning scientists in this area and experienced researchers alike. Full-color figures illustrate the development of the stato-acoustic system pathway Covers a broad range of species, from drosophila to humans, demonstrating the diversity of morphological development despite similarities in molecular processes involved at the cellular level Discusses a variety of approaches, from genetic-molecular biology to psychophysics, enabling the investigation of ontogenesis and functional development

Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems

Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems Book
Author : Matti Anniko
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems is a collection of papers from noted scientists from different disciplines that discuss the state of advancement and perspectives on the development of auditory and vestibular function. The book is divided into three parts. Part I deals with the maturation and development of the different parts of the ear; the development of hearing; and the effects of harmful factors to its development. Part II talks about the development of the vestibular system, its embryogenesis and innervation, and its pathological maturation. The text is recommended for doc ...

Development of auditory and vestibular systems

Development of auditory and vestibular systems Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Development of auditory and vestibular systems book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems 2

Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems 2 Book
Author : R. Romand
Publisher : Elsevier Science & Technology
Release : 1992-01-01
ISBN : 9780444812636
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although some interesting reviews have been published since the success of the first edition of Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems, none give a complete overview of this fast evolving field of Neuroscience. It was particulary important, therefore, to bring together in the same book the best representatives in this field. The present edition has a slightly different goal in that it is intended to focus mainly on recent advances in anatomic, physiological, biochemical and behavioral results. A lot of recent data and new formal analyses have enlightened our understanding of various aspects of the ontogenesis of the auditory and vestibular systems. These recent advances, e.g. use of new tools such as immunohistochemistry; electrophysiological techniques combined with dye markings; the study of the onset of function and its development. Moreover, this excellent book addresses some essential conceptual questions of particular interest to developmental neuroscience and also more generally to neuroscience.

Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems 3 Molecular Development of the Inner Ear

Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems 3  Molecular Development of the Inner Ear Book
Author : Raymond Romand,Isabel Varela-Nieto
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2003-12-10
ISBN : 9780121531577
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thanks to advances in genetics and genomics, research on inner ear development has flourished. Better approaches and experimental models have shed light on the function of a variety of vertebrate genes and their related proteins. This latest volume of Current Topics in Developmental Biology delves into this new research to show how the discovery of more genes involved in the development of the inner ear leads to the generation of new models that examine a wealth of issues -- from the origins of human deafness to the roles of genes during inner ear induction, development and differentiation. The wide variety of experimental approaches will help readers to understand the broad range of issues related to inner ear morphogenesis and other concepts from complementary areas of investigation. This state-of-the-art overview will be essential reading for researchers, clinicians and students alike. * Scores of high-quality, full- color figures * Detailed schemes on the structure and timing of ear development * Current Topics in Developmental Biology is the longest-running forum for contemporary issues in developmental biology

Genetics Embryology and Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems

Genetics  Embryology  and Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems Book
Author : Sherri M. Jones,Timothy A. Jones
Publisher : Plural Publishing
Release : 2011-08-01
ISBN : 1597566276
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Genetics Embryology and Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems book written by Sherri M. Jones,Timothy A. Jones, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems 3 Molecular Development of the Inner Ear

Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems 3  Molecular Development of the Inner Ear Book
Author : Raymond Romand,Isabel Varela-Nieto
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-12-15
ISBN : 9780080490915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thanks to advances in genetics and genomics, research on inner ear development has flourished. Better approaches and experimental models have shed light on the function of a variety of vertebrate genes and their related proteins. This latest volume of Current Topics in Developmental Biology delves into this new research to show how the discovery of more genes involved in the development of the inner ear leads to the generation of new models that examine a wealth of issues -- from the origins of human deafness to the roles of genes during inner ear induction, development and differentiation. The wide variety of experimental approaches will help readers to understand the broad range of issues related to inner ear morphogenesis and other concepts from complementary areas of investigation. This state-of-the-art overview will be essential reading for researchers, clinicians and students alike. * Scores of high-quality, full- color figures * Detailed schemes on the structure and timing of ear development * Current Topics in Developmental Biology is the longest-running forum for contemporary issues in developmental biology

Genetics Embryology and Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems

Genetics  Embryology  and Development of Auditory and Vestibular Systems Book
Author : Sherri M. Jones,Timothy Arthur Jones
Publisher : Plural Pub Incorporated
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9781597562010
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This textbook is a foundational, explanatory review of difficult concepts in genetics and embryology as they apply to the ear and sensory organs serving hearing and balance. The textbook provides a unique resource that brings molecular, cellular and systems level mechanisms together to bear on understanding the ontogeny of hearing and vestibular senses. Numerous illustrations are used to help convey current ideas. An extensive collection of tables summarize genes and gene products associated with membrane channels, molecular signaling cascades, transcription factors and more. The reader is lead from introductory basic science foundations of anatomy and physiology, genetics, and embryology, to detailed accounts of developmental events found in the earliest embryo to functional and anatomical maturation. The authors explain the relevance of genes, molecular signaling and cellular interactions to normal development as well as to human inner ear disease including deafness and balance disorders. The exploding amount of new information on developmental molecular mechanisms is integrated with new and long established discoveries about functional and anatomical changes during ontogeny"--Publisher.

Development of the Auditory System

Development of the Auditory System Book
Author : Edwin W. Rubel,Richard R. Fay
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461221862
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The contributors to this volume have provided a detailed and integrated introduction to the behavioural, anatomical, and physiological changes that occur in the auditory system of developing animals. Edwin W Rubel is Virginia Merrill Bloedel Professor of Hearing Sciences at the Virginia Merrill Bloedel Hearing Research Center at the University of Washington, Arthur N. Popper is Professor and Chair of the Department of Zoology at the University of Maryland, while Richard R. Fay is Associate Director of the Parmly Hearing Institute and Professor of Psychology at Loyola University of Chicago. Each volume in this series is independent and authoritative; taken as a set, the series will be the definitive resource in the field.

Auditory and Vestibular Efferents

Auditory and Vestibular Efferents Book
Author : David K. Ryugo,Richard R. Fay,Arthur N. Popper
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-11-22
ISBN : 1441970703
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Efferent sensory systems have emerged as major components of processing by the central nervous system. Whereas the afferent sensory systems bring environmental information into the brain, efferent systems function to monitor, sharpen, and attend selectively to certain stimuli while ignoring others. This ability of the brain to implement these functions enables the organism to make fine discriminations and to respond appropriately to environmental conditions so that survival is enhanced. Our focus will be on auditory and vestibular efferents, topics linked together by the inner ear connection. The biological utility of the efferent system is striking. How it functions is less well understood, and with each new discovery, more questions arise. The book that is proposed here reflects our vision to share what is known on the topic by authors who actually have made the observations.

Auditory and Vestibular Research

Auditory and Vestibular Research Book
Author : Bernd Sokolowski
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2011-01-20
ISBN : 9781617379390
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hearing is a sensory modality critical to both language and cognitive development. In its absence, and without sensory input through another modality, such as the manual/visual modality of sign language, cognitive and language development can be severely impaired in the earliest formative years of a child. In its endeavor to d- cover the mechanisms underlying audition, the ?eld of auditory science has provided rich comparative physiological studies, allowing insights into both the micromecha- cal and electrochemical world of this system. For many years, the auditory/vestibular sciences have been in?uenced by the discoveries of electrical engineers and sensory physiologists, who have provided insights into the functions of this dynamic system. The early discoveries in these ?elds, as well as advancements in microprocessing and materials technologies, provided a means whereby hearing could be regained partly through the use of a bionic device, known as a cochlear implant. Presently, this device and the auditory brainstem implant are the only ones to prosthetically replace brain function. With the advent of molecular biology tools, such as RT-PCR, the auditory and vestibular ?elds have made great strides in understanding the genetic basis for various hearing and balance disorders over the past ?fteen to twenty years. These technologies permitted the discovery of genes that control inner ear structure and function by ov- coming the hurdle of working with small amounts of tissue, as found in the inner ear.

The Vestibular System

The Vestibular System Book
Author : Stephen M. Highstein,Richard R. Fay
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-18
ISBN : 0387215670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Springer Handbook of Auditory Research presents a series of comp- hensive and synthetic reviews of the fundamental topics in modern au- tory research.The volumes are aimed at all individuals with interests in hearing research, including advanced graduate students, postdoctoral researchers, and clinical investigators.The volumes are intended to int- duce new investigators to important aspects of hearing science and to help established investigators to better understand the fundamental theories and data in ?elds of hearing that they may not normally follow closely. Each volume is intended to present a particular topic comprehensively, and each chapter will serve as a synthetic overview and guide to the lit- ature.As such, the chapters present neither exhaustive data reviews nor original research that has not yet appeared in peer-reviewed journals.The volumes focus on topics that have developed a solid data and conceptual foundation rather than on those for which a literature is only beginning to develop. New research areas will be covered on a timely basis in the series as they begin to mature.

The Vestibular System

The Vestibular System Book
Author : Jay M. Goldberg
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0195167082
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Vestibular System is an integrative loo takes an interactive look at the vestibular system and the neurobiology of balance. Written by eight leading experts and headed by Jay M. Goldberg, this book builds upon the classic by Victor Wilson and Geoffrey Melville Jones published over 25 years ago and takes a fresh new look at the vestibular system and the revolutionary advances that have been made in the field.

What s Going on in There

What s Going on in There  Book
Author : Lise Eliot
Publisher : Bantam
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0553378252
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A study of how the human brain forms in the first five years of life describes the critical period of development a child goes through and what parents can do to help their children's brains develop. Reprint. 30,000 first printing.

Plasticity of the Auditory System

Plasticity of the Auditory System Book
Author : Thomas N. Parks,Edwin W. Rubel,Richard R. Fay
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 1475742193
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The auditory system has a remarkable ability to adjust to an ever-changing environment. The six review chapters that comprise Plasticity of the Central Auditory System cover a spectrum of issues concerning this ability to adapt, defined by the widely applicable term "plasticity". With chapters focusing on the development of the cochlear nucleus, the mammalian superior olivary complex, plasticity in binaural hearing, plasticity in the auditory cortex, neural plasticity in bird songs, and plasticity in the insect auditory system, this volume represents much of the most current research in this field. The volume is thorough enough to stand alone, but is closely related a previous SHAR volume, Development of the Auditory System (Volume 9) by Rubel, Popper, and Fay. The book fully addresses the difficulties, challenges, and complexities of this topic as it applies to the auditory development of a wide variety of species.

Cellular Mechanisms in Ototoxicity

Cellular Mechanisms in Ototoxicity Book
Author : Peter S. Steyger,Lisa Cunningham,Carlos Esquivel,Kelly Watts,Jian Zuo
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-06-12
ISBN : 2889454835
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The auditory perception of sounds (environmental, vocal or music) is one of the 5 principal senses consciously monitored by our brains, and is crucial for many human endeavors as well as quality of life. Loss of optimal performance in this principal sensory system leads to loss of effective communication and intimacy, as well as increased risk of isolation, depression, cognitive decline, and greater vulnerability to predators. The vestibular system ensures that individuals remain upright and effectively monitor their posture within their spatial surroundings, move effectively, and remain focused on visual targets during motion. The loss of vestibular sensitivity results in postural instability, falls, inability to observe the environment during motion, and a debilitating incapacity to function effectively. The sensory cells for both auditory and vestibular systems are located within the inner ear of the temporal bulla. There are many causes of auditory and vestibular deficits, including congenital (or genetic) events, trauma, aging and loud sound exposures. Ototoxicity refers to damage of the auditory or vestibular structures or functions, as the result of exposure to certain pharmaceuticals, chemicals, and/or ionizing radiation exposure that damage the inner ear. Ototoxicity is a major contributor to acquired hearing loss and vestibular deficits, and is entirely preventable. In 2009, the United States Department of Defense initiated the Hearing Center of Excellence (HCE), headquartered in San Antonio, Texas, in response to the prevalence of acquired auditory and vestibular deficits in military and veteran populations. The knowledge shared in this eBook supports the HCE’s mandate to improve aural protection of military and civilian populations worldwide. The last few years have seen significant advances in understanding the cellular mechanisms underlying ototoxic drug-induced hearing loss and vestibular deficits. In this eBook, we present some of these advances and highlight gaps where further research is needed. Selected articles discuss candidate otoprotective agents that can ameliorate the effects of ototoxicity in the context of how they illustrate cellular mechanisms of ototoxicity. Our goal in illustrating these advances in mechanisms of ototoxicity is to accelerate the development of clinical therapies that prevent or reverse this debilitating disorder.

Morphology of the Auditory and Vestibular Organs in Mammals with Emphasis on Marine Species

Morphology of the Auditory and Vestibular Organs in Mammals  with Emphasis on Marine Species Book
Author : Galina Nikolaevna Solntseva
Publisher : Pensoft Publishers
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9546422800
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This monograph describes the directions of the structural evolution of the peripheral part of the auditory system in representatives of different ecological groups of mammals. Special attention is paid to the least studied orders of marine mammals (pinnipeds, cetaceans), being of great interest both with regards to the echolocating abilities in dolphins and the influence of the aquatic environment on the development of morphological adaptations in the structure of the outer, middle and inner ears. Undertaken for the first time, a comparative embryological study of the peripheral part of the auditory system in marine mammals allowed the author to reveal the developmental pattern of the auditory and equilibrium organs in animals with a different auditory specialization. The influence of ecological factors on the adaptive trait development in the structural organization of the outer, middle and inner ears in semi-aquatic and aquatic species is discussed. The book is illustrated with a large number of high-quality micro-photos.

Developmental Plasticity of Inhibitory Circuitry

Developmental Plasticity of Inhibitory Circuitry Book
Author : Sarah L. Pallas
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2009-12-09
ISBN : 1441912436
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroscience has long been focused on understanding neural plasticity in both development and adulthood. Experimental work in this area has focused almost entirely on plasticity at excitatory synapses. A growing body of evidence suggests that plasticity at inhibitory GABAergic and glycinergic synapses is of critical importance during both development and aging. The book brings together the work of researchers investigating inhibitory plasticity at many levels of analysis and in several different preparations. This topic is of wide relevance across a number of different areas of research in neuroscience and neurology. Medical problems such as epilepsy, mental illness, drug abuse, and movement disorders can result from malfunctioning inhibitory circuits. Further, the maturation of inhibitory circuits may trigger the onset of critical periods of neural circuit plasticity, raising the possibility that such plastici periods could be reactivated for medical benefit by manipulating inhibitory circuitry.

Vestibular System Part 1 Basic Mechanisms

Vestibular System Part 1  Basic Mechanisms Book
Author : H.H. Kornhuber
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 364265942X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The details of the receptor mechanism are not yet fully understood for any sensory system. However, sufficient data are available (for the vestibular system and for other systems) to permit meaningful tracking of the sensory messages through the nervous system and via conscious experience. The reception, process ing, storage and output of information in man and other animals, as done by means of receptors, neurons, secretory cells and muscle fibers, are collectively referred to as mind. Sensory physiologists tend to disbelieve in extrasensory perception. Sensory physiology in general is an area upon which different sciences and methods converge. Anatomists, physiologists, psychologists, physicists, chemists, and engineers have made important contributions to sensory physiology. What is special about vestibular physiology is the fact that many research workers are clinicians, living under the constant pressure of their patient's demands. This is a disadvantage when it comes to writing handbooks, but an advantage for the pa tient, since research is guided by clinical practice and can be quickly applied. Modern methods, such as recording from single nerve units and the correlation of electrophysiological and psychophysical data, have greatly contributed to our knowledge, yet the study of lesions is still important, especially in the vestibular field.

The Central Auditory System

The Central Auditory System Book
Author : Abteilung Vergleichende Neuriobiologie Gunter Ehret
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9780195096842
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a graduate-level text on the neurobiology of hearing. The structure and function of the central auditory pathway at all levels are covered in depth.