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Development And Reform Of Higher Education In China

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Development and Reform of Higher Education in China

Development and Reform of Higher Education in China Book
Author : Hong Zhen Zhu,Shiyan Lou
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-09-05
ISBN : 1780633599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Chinese higher education sector is an area subject to increasing attention from an international perspective. Written by authors centrally located within the education system in China, Development and Reform of Higher Education in China highlights not only the development of different aspects of higher education, but also the reform of the education system and its role in the educational and social development of the country. This book analyses recently collected data from the National Bureau of Statistics of China and the work of leading scholars in the field of higher education. It highlights the marketization of state-owned institutions and the increasing importance of the internationalization of higher education – two important features of education in a modern and global context. Rich statistical data Sound theoretical foundation Provides a comprehensive and comparative study of national data sources and leading scholars

Higher Education Reform in China

Higher Education Reform in China Book
Author : W. John Morgan,Bin Wu
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2011-03-31
ISBN : 113681194X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A major transformation of Chinese higher education (HE) has taken place over the past decade – China has reshaped its higher education sector from elite to mass education with the number of graduates having quadrupled to three million a year over six years. China is exceptional among lower income countries in using tertiary education as a development strategy on such a scale, aiming to improve the quality of its graduates, and make HE available to as many of its citizens as possible. This book provides a critical examination the challenges to the development and sustainability of higher education in China: Can its universities move from quantity to quality? How will so many graduates find jobs in line with their expectations? Can Britain and other western countries continue to benefit from China’s education boom? What are the prospects for collaboration in research? This book evaluates the prospects for Chinese and foreign HE providers, regulators and other stakeholders. It introduces the key changes in China’s HE programme since the Opening-Up policy in 1978 and analyses the achievements and the challenges over the subsequent three decades. Furthermore, it sheds light on new reforms that are likely to take place in the future, particularly as a result of the ongoing international financial crisis.

China s Higher Education Reform and Internationalisation

China s Higher Education Reform and Internationalisation Book
Author : Janette Ryan
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2011-03-07
ISBN : 1136908110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite radical and fundamental reform of the Chinese higher education system, very little is known about this outside China. The past decade has seen radical reform of all levels of China’s education system as it attempts to meet changing economic and social needs and aspirations: this has included transformation of university curricula, pedagogy and evaluation measures, rapidly increasing joint research and degree programmes between Chinese universities and universities abroad, and very large numbers of Chinese students studying at universities outside China. This book describes the historical, cultural, intellectual and contemporary background and contexts of the reform and internationalisation of higher education in China. It discusses these changes, outlines the challenges posed by the changes for university administrators, faculty, researchers, students and those working with Chinese academics and students in China and abroad, and assesses the impact, and evaluates the success, of the changes. Most importantly, it considers how this mobility of people and ideas across educational systems and cultures can contribute to new ways of working and understanding between Western and Chinese academic cultures. The book is a companion to Education Reform in China, which focuses on reform at the early childhood, primary and secondary levels.

Shaping Education Reform in China

Shaping Education Reform in China Book
Author : Jian Li,Eryong Xue
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-09-15
ISBN : 9811577455
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the ways education reform has been shaped in China. Focusing on the past education policy development, it offers unique perspectives to illustrate China’s education reform and provides an overview of policies and their implications. In addition, the book discusses educational development, educational value, educational efforts and educational tasks and explores physical, aesthetic and labor education, as well as the management of off-campus training institutions and the policies on abolishing the “Five Only” in contemporary China. Conceptualizing the education reform model in China since 1949 for the first time, the book maps Chinese education policy development.

Education and Reform in China

Education and Reform in China Book
Author : Emily Hannum,Albert Park
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-11-12
ISBN : 1135984700
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transformative market reforms in China since the late 1970s have improved living standards dramatically, but have also led to unprecedented economic inequality. During this period, China’s educational system was restructured to support economic development, with educational reforms occurring at a startling pace. Today, the educational system has diversified in structure, finance, and content; it has become more market-oriented; and it is serving an increasingly diverse student population. These changes carry significant consequences for China’s social mobility and inequality, and future economic prospects. In Education and Reform in China, leading scholars in the fields of education, sociology, demography, and economics investigate the evolution of educational access and attainment, educational quality, and the economic consequences of being educated. Education and Reform in China shows that economic advancement is increasingly tied to education in China, even as educational services are increasingly marketized. The volume investigates the varying impact of change for different social, ethnic, economic and geographic groups. Offering interdisciplinary views on the changing role of education in Chinese society, and on China’s educational achievements and policy challenges, this book will be an important resource for those interested in education, public policy, and development issues in China.

Global Adaptations of Community College Infrastructure

Global Adaptations of Community College Infrastructure Book
Author : Gaulee, Uttam
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2018-09-07
ISBN : 1522558624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Community colleges in America have evolved a great deal from the establishment of the first community college in Chicago 117 years ago. The idea of American community colleges serves as a catalyst for connective solutions between industry, college, and the community on a global level. Global Adaptations of Community College Infrastructure provides emerging research on various contextual adaptations of the idea of the American community college as a connective solution to engaging community and industry. This research will help any nation or state forge policies on adapting the concept toward democratization of economic opportunities for all individuals as opposed to the current elitist system of higher education. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as diploma pathway programs and the development of education institutions in various countries, this book is ideally designed for academicians, economic and educational policymakers, higher education professionals, and individuals engaged in expansion and democratization of post-secondary education worldwide.

Research on Investment Scale and Allocation Structure of Chinese Higher Education Finance

Research on Investment Scale and Allocation Structure of Chinese Higher Education Finance Book
Author : Yongmei Hu,Yipeng Tang
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-12-31
ISBN : 100053362X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on a systematic literature review, the book aims to forecast the investment scale of Chinese higher education and the allocation structure of different types of higher education institutions in the next decade. The authors first introduce the complex setting of Chinese higher education finance, including the background and theoretical foundation, as well as an in-depth literature review. Via international comparative data, they explore the adequacy and equity of the financial resources. By applying quantitative methods, such as panel data analysis and time series analysis, they forecast the public investment scale in higher education and the allocation structure and proportion among different types of higher education institutions. In addition, the book investigates the standards of teaching funding and teacher research funding, which are considered the main funding resources of Chinese universities and individual teachers. As China has become the world’s largest country of higher education, "how to provide adequate and equal funds to meet the increasing demand" is of great interest to scholars and policymakers both from China and abroad. The book will also appeal to postgraduate students who would like to know the overall status of Chinese higher education finance.

Education Reform in China

Education Reform in China Book
Author : Janette Ryan
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-07-03
ISBN : 1136719180
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past decade there has been radical reform at all levels of China’s education system as it attempts to meet changing economic and social needs and aspirations. Changes have been made to pedagogy and teacher professional learning and also to the curriculum - both at the basic education level, from kindergarten to year 12, and at the higher education level. This book focuses on reform at the early childhood, primary and secondary levels, and is the companion book to China’s Higher Education Reform and Internationalisation, which covers reform at the higher education level. Education Reform in China outlines the systematic transformation that has occurred of school curriculum goals, structure and content, teaching and learning approaches, and assessment and administrative structures, including the increasing devolvement of control from the centre to provincial, district and school levels. As well as illustrating the changes that are occurring within classrooms, it demonstrates the continuity of cultural and educational ideas and values in the midst of these changes, showing that reform does not just involve the adoption of foreign ideas, but builds on and even resurrects traditional Chinese educational values. Importantly, it considers how exchanges of people and ideas can contribute to new ways of working between Western and Chinese educational systems.

Chinese Higher Education Reform and Social Justice

Chinese Higher Education Reform and Social Justice Book
Author : Bin Wu,W. John Morgan
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-06-26
ISBN : 1134650183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In place of a distributive justice perspective which focuses simply on equal access to universities, this book presents a broader understanding of the relationship between Chinese higher education and economic and social change. The necessity for research on the place of universities in contemporary Chinese society may be seen from current debates about and policy towards issues of educational inequality at Chinese universities. Many questions arise as a consequence: What are the limitations of neo-liberalism in higher education policy and what are the alternatives? How has the Chinese government met the challenges of educational inequality, and what lessons may be learned from its recent initiatives? How may higher education enhance social justice in Chinese society given economic, social, and cultural inequality? What may be learned from the experience of Macau, Hong Kong, and of Taiwan in terms of achieving social justice in Chinese universities? These questions are considered by a group of leading scholars from both inside and outside China.

Discourses of Globalisation and Higher Education Reforms

Discourses of Globalisation and Higher Education Reforms Book
Author : Joseph Zajda,W. James Jacob
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-04-16
ISBN : 3030831361
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines some of the major higher education reforms and policy shifts globally, particularly in the light of recent shifts in quality and standards-driven education and policy research. It critiques the neo-liberal ideological imperatives of current higher education and policy reforms, and illustrates the way that changes in the relationship between the state and higher education policy affect current trends in higher education reforms. Using diverse comparative education paradigms from critical theory to historical-comparative research, the chapters focus on globalisation, ideology and higher education reforms and examine both the reasons and outcomes of higher education reforms and policy change. The book analyses and evaluates the policy shifts in methodological approaches to globalisation and higher education reforms, and their impact on education policy and pedagogy. The book contributes in a very scholarly way, to a more holistic understanding of the nexus between globalisation, comparative education research and higher education reforms.

Conceptualizing and Contextualizing Higher Education with Chinese Characteristics

Conceptualizing and Contextualizing Higher Education with Chinese Characteristics Book
Author : Jian Li,Xudong Zhu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-04
ISBN : 9811334749
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a fresh and unique overview of the modernization and internationalization of Chinese higher education, focusing on Chinese higher education from 1949 to 2018. It presents the Ontological Positivism Model (Conceptualization-Explicit-Formal-Share), concentrating on concepts of Chinese higher education. The book is intended for scholars and researchers in the field of comparative higher education, administrators and stakeholders in education management and graduate students majoring in higher education.

The Road to Privatization of Higher Education in China

The Road to Privatization of Higher Education in China Book
Author : Li Wang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-29
ISBN : 3642383033
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book makes both empirical and conceptual contributions to the debate on privatization of higher education in China. Empirically, it aims to fill a gap in our knowledge of privatization of higher education in North China. To this end, Beijing was chosen as a case for analysis, and nine local higher educational institutions were visited. The case study strategy is also complemented by an extensive review of national policies to reveal problems beyond the specific case of Beijing and of national concern. The effects of the cultural and socioeconomic background and the unique state-party controlling system on higher education management are stressed. Conceptually, most existing studies on privatization of higher education in China adopt a policy analysis approach, while research on privatization of other public sectors or in other countries is frequently guided by economic theories. This book thus seeks to combine both social policy and econometric approaches to provide a systematic and detailed investigation of the privatization process in the context of higher education. It also improves examines the applicability of western theories in the Chinese context.

Higher Education Governance in East Asia

Higher Education Governance in East Asia Book
Author : Jung Cheol Shin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-01
ISBN : 9811324697
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deepens our understanding of how higher education governance has recently changed in the rapidly developing higher education systems of East Asia. Focusing on China, Japan, Korea, Malaysia and Taiwan, it explains the implications of how state-centered political systems interpret political and economic environments such as neoliberalism, as well as how each system is coping with global pressures. The book makes a valuable contribution to organization studies in higher education by investigating and detailing how individual higher education institutions are responding to their new environments.

Higher Education in China

Higher Education in China Book
Author : Jianmin Gu,Xueping Li,Lihua Wang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-29
ISBN : 9811308454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers international readers a comprehensive introduction to higher education in China, and will help readers around the globe make sense of the huge and complex machinery that makes up the university and college sector in China today. It accompanies readers step by step, allowing them to understand the most important aspects of this sector in China – its history and development, its scope and structure, its operational system and management, and its enrollment and employment processes. It also provides an overview of the various levels of higher education in China, namely: specialized higher education, undergraduate education, postgraduate education, research and faculty. In short, the book will tell you what higher education in China is and how it works. While economic globalization and internationalization of higher education have greatly reduced the differences among educational systems in various countries, it cannot be denied that any given country’s higher education system needs to be deeply rooted in its culture and traditions. In this book, we highlight several distinctive characteristics of higher education in China, including: the ancient roots and modern history, massive scale, diversity, and centralized management and pragmatic trends.

Conceptualizing Soft Power of Higher Education

Conceptualizing Soft Power of Higher Education Book
Author : Jian Li
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-19
ISBN : 9811306419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the globalization trends in higher education from an international political science perspective, using Nye’s theory of soft power to explore the rationale behind it. It focuses on conceptualizing the Soft Power Conversion Model of Higher Education, which is embedded in the globalization of higher education, and analyzes the globalization of Chinese higher education reform. Also, this book provides innovative and unique viewpoints on conceptualizing and mapping the globalization and internationalization of higher education, especially for current Chinese higher education (1949-2016). It discusses and illustrates cutting-edge concepts of global higher education, such as global learning, global competency, and global citizenship and refines them in the conceptualized soft power conversion model of higher education. This book reports on and enriches the theoretical concept of global education, and provides practical insights into global learning, global citizenship and global competency for Chinese undergraduate students.

The Governance and Management of Universities in Asia

The Governance and Management of Universities in Asia Book
Author : Chang Da Wan,Molly N.N. Lee,Hoe Yeong Loke
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-04-23
ISBN : 0429765169
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume seeks to identify and explore the dynamics of global forces on the development of higher education in Asia, in particular, how neoliberalism has affected reforms on university governance and management in the region. It includes a set of country-specific studies on how various countries have responded to the dominant neoliberal ideology at the systemic, institutional, and process levels. The focus is on the relationship between the state and the universities, which is usually reflected in the degree of autonomy and accountability allowed in a particular higher education system. The selected countries are Cambodia, China, Indonesia, India, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, and Thailand. Each case study examines the establishment of corporatised or autonomous universities in the country focusing on (i) the acts, reports, and/or policies that led to such a move as well as the rationales behind the move; (ii) the changes in the governance and organisational structure of the universities, highlighting the kinds of autonomy that the universities have; (iii) the new management strategies, techniques, and practices that have been introduced to the university including the internal and external quality assurance mechanisms, and (iv) some of the tensions, conflicts, and acts of resistance that may have emerged.

Reforms in Higher Education

Reforms in Higher Education Book
Author : Keith Watson
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 1996-12-05
ISBN : 1847142192
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text addresses the reforms in the financial and administrative structure of higher education, government intervention in introducing new managerial techniques and quality audits, and the implications of these changes for both academics and administrators. It is one of a series of four volumes which look at the educational dilemmas facing governments, professional educators and practising administrators in the current climate in education. The issues are addressed from international and comparative perspectives.

Innovating World Class Technology Oriented Higher Education in China

Innovating World Class Technology Oriented Higher Education in China Book
Author : Eryong Xue,Jian Li
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-21
ISBN : 9811527881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines how to create world-class, technology-oriented innovation in higher education in China. It also proposes a model in response to the demand for promoting scientific and technological advances and technological innovation in the Chinese higher education system. Moreover, the book explores key concepts, pathways, models, policies, practices, trends and implications, and offers insights into fostering innovation in higher education. Lastly, it discusses how public policy theories can be applied to promote university technology transfer in order to create world-class universities in today’s China.

Education in China

Education in China Book
Author : Janette Ryan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-05-07
ISBN : 1509535977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Throughout its history, education in China has played a pivotal role in the nation’s governance, civic society, and the social and cultural lives of its citizens. Today we see a nation grappling with how to modernize and internationalize its education system, while still retaining China’s intellectual traditions and values in the face of growing educational inequalities. This book analyses the historical and contemporary place of education in China and how the past has influenced today’s trends. Recent fundamental educational reforms have been driven by the need for continuing economic development and a highly skilled workforce, at the same time fulfilling the aspirations of its citizens and their desire for the prestige education brings. Moreover, ideological education plays a key role in enlisting citizens to the national cause. Although China has ambitious plans for its education system, several problems remain, including an examination-obsessed system and highly competitive culture, which skew the social fabric and dominate family life and childhoods. This accessible analysis will be a welcome resource for students of comparative education as well as those across the social sciences interested in Chinese society.