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Development And Reform Of Higher Education In China

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China s Higher Education Reform and Internationalisation

China s Higher Education Reform and Internationalisation Book
Author : Janette Ryan
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2011-03-07
ISBN : 1136908110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite radical and fundamental reform of the Chinese higher education system, very little is known about this outside China. The past decade has seen radical reform of all levels of China’s education system as it attempts to meet changing economic and social needs and aspirations: this has included transformation of university curricula, pedagogy and evaluation measures, rapidly increasing joint research and degree programmes between Chinese universities and universities abroad, and very large numbers of Chinese students studying at universities outside China. This book describes the historical, cultural, intellectual and contemporary background and contexts of the reform and internationalisation of higher education in China. It discusses these changes, outlines the challenges posed by the changes for university administrators, faculty, researchers, students and those working with Chinese academics and students in China and abroad, and assesses the impact, and evaluates the success, of the changes. Most importantly, it considers how this mobility of people and ideas across educational systems and cultures can contribute to new ways of working and understanding between Western and Chinese academic cultures. The book is a companion to Education Reform in China, which focuses on reform at the early childhood, primary and secondary levels.

Development and Reform of Higher Education in China

Development and Reform of Higher Education in China Book
Author : Hong Zhen Zhu,Shiyan Lou
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-09-05
ISBN : 1780633599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Chinese higher education sector is an area subject to increasing attention from an international perspective. Written by authors centrally located within the education system in China, Development and Reform of Higher Education in China highlights not only the development of different aspects of higher education, but also the reform of the education system and its role in the educational and social development of the country. This book analyses recently collected data from the National Bureau of Statistics of China and the work of leading scholars in the field of higher education. It highlights the marketization of state-owned institutions and the increasing importance of the internationalization of higher education – two important features of education in a modern and global context. Rich statistical data Sound theoretical foundation Provides a comprehensive and comparative study of national data sources and leading scholars

China

China Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 1997-01-01
ISBN : 9780821340226
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report traces and evaluates donor and African government strategies for agricultural and rural development in Sub-Saharan Africa over the past 30 years. The author reviews the history and effects of the failed strategies of the 1970s and 1980s (for example, integrated rural development, single-crop development, agricultural credit projects, irrigation projects, and support for social and agricultural services) and analyzes why they were unsuccessful. He also looks at recent approaches to agricultural and rural development in Africa and makes recommendations regarding the World Bank's role in these areas. The book concludes with a summary of comments by African government leaders and nongovernmental organizations. A detailed set of tables from the World Bank's Africa database is provided.

Peking University and the Origins of Higher Education in China

Peking University and the Origins of Higher Education in China Book
Author : Ping Hao
Publisher : Bridge21 Publications LLC
Release : 2013
ISBN : 193694037X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Renowned as one of the most distinguished universities in the world, Peking University (PKU or, colloquially, "Beida") has been at the forefront of higher education in China since its inception. Its roots arguably date to the origin of Chinese higher education. Hao Ping traces the intricate evolution of the university, beginning with the preceding institutions that contributed to its establishment, and stretching from the first Opium War of 1839 through the first of several eye-opening defeats for the then-isolated Middle Kingdom to the Xinhai Revolution and the early days of the Republic of China. Hao Ping chronicles the contentious debates between reform-minded leaders who championed Western models of learning and conservatives who favored the traditional schooling and examination system, providing readers with details about the workings of the imperial court as well as the individual officials and scholars involved in Chinese educational reform. This authoritative history of the founding of Peking University defends the university's claim to be the first modern university in China and offers insight into the formation of higher education as it exists in China today.

Higher Education Reform in China

Higher Education Reform in China Book
Author : W. John Morgan,Bin Wu
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2011-03-31
ISBN : 1136811931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A major transformation of Chinese higher education (HE) has taken place over the past decade – China has reshaped its higher education sector from elite to mass education with the number of graduates having quadrupled to three million a year over six years. China is exceptional among lower income countries in using tertiary education as a development strategy on such a scale, aiming to improve the quality of its graduates, and make HE available to as many of its citizens as possible. This book provides a critical examination the challenges to the development and sustainability of higher education in China: Can its universities move from quantity to quality? How will so many graduates find jobs in line with their expectations? Can Britain and other western countries continue to benefit from China’s education boom? What are the prospects for collaboration in research? This book evaluates the prospects for Chinese and foreign HE providers, regulators and other stakeholders. It introduces the key changes in China’s HE programme since the Opening-Up policy in 1978 and analyses the achievements and the challenges over the subsequent three decades. Furthermore, it sheds light on new reforms that are likely to take place in the future, particularly as a result of the ongoing international financial crisis.

Chinese Higher Education

Chinese Higher Education Book
Author : Ruiqing Du
Publisher :
Release : 1992
ISBN : 9780333574744
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Examines and critically interprets the extensive reforms and developments in the management, structure, faculty, students, and international exchange in Chinese higher education, during a decade of profound political, economic, and social turbulence. Also summarizes the entire 3,000-year history of

Handbook of Education in China

Handbook of Education in China Book
Author : W. John Morgan,Qing Gu,Fengliang Li
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2017-08-25
ISBN : 1783470666
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Education in China provides both a comprehensive overview and an original interpretation of key aspects of education in the People’s Republic of China. It has four parts: The Historical Background; The Contemporary Chinese System; Problems and Policies; The Special Administrative Regions: Macau and Hong Kong. The Handbook is an essential reference for those interested in Chinese education; as well as a comprehensive textbook that provides valuable supplementary material for those studying Chinese politics, economy, culture and society more generally.

Education Policy and Reform in China

Education Policy and Reform in China Book
Author : Guangli Zhou,Xiang Zhou
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-11
ISBN : 9811364923
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines educational development and reform in contemporary China and focuses on some of the major issues facing education in both rural and urban areas, across the spectrum of primary, secondary, higher, adult and vocational educational pathways. The book reflects on Chinese educational strategies at a time of rapid development of the market economy and the need to promote the modernization of education. It also considers how social reform and educational changes go hand in hand and discusses the right to education irrespective of gender, nationality, particularly examining the case of children from migrant families. From the rapid development of preschool and compulsory education to the modernization of the university system, this book highlights China’s ambition to create a top tier education system, fostering talent to match its requirements in a fast moving employment market and knowledge economy. ​

Education in China Since 1976

Education in China Since 1976 Book
Author : Xiufang Wang
Publisher : McFarland
Release : 2010-06-28
ISBN : 9780786482139
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

China has the largest education system in the world. The total enrollment of students in regular and adult schools at all levels exceeds 320 million, accounting for more than a quarter of the nation's population. Western educators, foreign companies, and individual entrepreneurs have invested in Chinese education but, perhaps because of the complexity of the Chinese education system and the rapid development of educational reforms, have had little success. This work examines the education system in post-Mao China from 1976 to the present. It explores how the Chinese government sees the development of its educational practices within the nation's broader social, economic, political, and cultural contexts; how it identifies new issues that emerge in the process of what might be called educational globalization; how it translates these issues into specific educational policies, activities, and goals; how the education reforms fit China's social and political realities and objectives; how the new policies affect foreign student affairs and Chinese students studying abroad; the ways in which the government promotes international educational cooperation and exchange; the opportunities for Western institutions to introduce programs in China; and current trends and their effect on the internationalization of education.

Reform and Development of Educational System

Reform and Development of Educational System Book
Author : Ling Li,Jiafu Zheng,Zeyuan Yu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-29
ISBN : 3662555255
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book, the authors pursue quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods approaches, conducting hundreds of large-scale surveys and in-depth interviews in 679 schools, 67 counties and 13 provinces throughout China. They also conducted longitudinal case studies in five municipalities and provinces to better reflect education reform and development in different education levels or sectors. The authors used national statistical data from the 1970s to 2013, as well as a wealth of first-hand documents and data from different levels of educational departments in schools, counties, municipals and provinces and “grass-roots” input from 253 teachers, principals, education administrators and students. The authors applied SEM, HLM, GCM, and many other statistic techniques and qualitative methods to analyse the data and materials in order to explore correlations between development and reform, internal and external factors in educational reforms, as well as strategies for resolving core issues. Their findings indicate that institutional reforms concerning financial investments, allocation of teaching resources, allocation of facilities, curricula design systems, and political, economic, social system reforms all contribute to the development of different levels and types of education in different modes and to different extents. Topics of particular interest include five case studies conducted in five different municipalities and provinces that showcase the nation’s education reform and development in a specific model and on the basis of substantial data. Further, milestone events regarding educational reform and development that have taken place in China since 2013 are examined. As a unique feature, the book also includes 353 diagrams and tables on the development and reform of education in China, offering extensive and up-to-date information on a part of the world that often remains difficult to access. The book provides an expansive and in-depth examination of the nation’s education reform and development, from its historical roots to the present, and combining official and “grass-roots” standpoints. It will help readers to understand why and how Chinese education could lead students to win in international comparisons like PISA while at the same time often being the target of scathing criticism, as well as how the nation is now working to provide a better education to serve the world’s largest population.

Globalization

Globalization Book
Author : Nicholas Sun-keung Pang
Publisher : Chinese University Press
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9789629962685
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bringing together a group of international authors, this book attempts to examine the effects of globalization on educational policies and practices under the following themes: (1) the roles of educational research in the era of globalization and how comparative education can contribute to such investigation; (2) the relationships between the development of higher education and globalization in different countries; and (3) the impacts of globalization on school education and how schools can respond to the challenges ahead.

Higher Education in China

Higher Education in China Book
Author : Ji Zhou
Publisher : Thomson Learning Asia
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9812543643
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents both the historical development and the current state of higher education in China. Emphasizes the ongoing education reform, the government's education policies, and the development in higher education since the 1990s.

China s Education Development and Policy 1978 2008

China s Education Development and Policy 1978 2008 Book
Author : Xiulan Zhang
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2011-09-30
ISBN : 9004188150
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

China’s Education Development and Policy, 1978-2008 is translated from the original Chinese version and presents the current assessment of the changes to the educational system in China and how those changes have been perceived during the past thirty years.

Handbook of Education Policy Studies

Handbook of Education Policy Studies Book
Author : Guorui Fan,Thomas S. Popkewitz
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-10
ISBN : 981138343X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access handbook brings together the latest research from a wide range of internationally influential scholars to analyze educational policy research from international, historical and interdisciplinary perspectives. By effectively breaking through the boundaries between countries and disciplines, it presents new theories, techniques and methods for contemporary education policy, and illustrates the educational policies and educational reform practices that various countries have introduced to meet the challenges of continuous change. This volume focuses on policies and changes in schools and classrooms. The studies on school changes present the differences in the policies and challenges of K-12 schools and universities in different countries and regions, and in connection with the contradictions and conflicts between tradition and modernization, as well as the changing roles of various stakeholders, especially that of teachers. In terms of curriculum and instruction, many countries have undertaken experiments and introduced changes based on two major themes: “what to teach” and “how to teach”. International education assessments represented by PISA not only promote the improvement and extensive application of educational assessment and testing techniques, but have also had far-reaching impacts on education policies and education reforms in many countries. Focusing on the changes in educational policies at the micro level, this volume comprehensively reveals the complex interactions between school organizations, teachers, curricula, teaching and learning, evaluation and other elements within the education system, as well as the latest related reforms worldwide.

Chinese Research Perspectives on Educational Development

Chinese Research Perspectives on Educational Development Book
Author : Dongping Yang
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2019-09-24
ISBN : 9004389024
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this overview of China’s education in 2014, reforms in the exam system and institutional configuration are discussed, followed by a close look at equity issues affecting children with special needs, of migrant workers and those living in rural areas.

Educational Governance in China

Educational Governance in China Book
Author : Ming Yang,Hao Ni
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-07
ISBN : 981130842X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive and cutting-edge overview of the educational governance reform trajectory and the latest issues in China, addressing several important topics such as administration, internal management, provision, enrollment, employment, financing, examinations, evaluation and quality assurance. In addition, this important and timely book discusses the educational system at all levels, from primary and secondary schools to colleges and universities, and each chapter ends with a discussion of the status quo, problems facing China and coping strategies for further reform. The past 68 years (1949-2016) have seen a sea change in social, economic, cultural, political and educational fields. Systematically describing the educational landscape in China, the book also reveals how the massive changes in China have shaped education, and how education has responded to the new demands placed on it. Offering essential insights into educational reform in China, the book represents a valuable resource, especially for researchers and graduate students in the field of education.

Democratizing Higher Education

Democratizing Higher Education Book
Author : Patrick Blessinger,John P. Anchan
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-03-12
ISBN : 1317695569
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Higher education systems around the world are undergoing fundamental change and reform due to external pressures—including internationalization of higher education, increased international competition for students, less reliance on public funding, and calls to create greater access opportunities for citizens. How are higher education systems evolving structurally as a result of these and other pressures? In light of these changes, how can higher education be a positive force for democratizing societies? This book examines the emerging trends taking place in higher education systems around the world, focusing on the most salient political and social forces that underlie these trends. Each chapter provides a case study of a country, exploring its cultural and political history, the political and social developments that have affected its higher education system, and the result of these changes on the higher education system. In a fast-changing, knowledge-intensive, democratic society, Democratizing Higher Education explores how higher education systems can be developed to provide access, affordability, participation, and quality life-long learning for all.