Skip to main content

Detecting Concealed Information And Deception

In Order to Read Online or Download Detecting Concealed Information And Deception Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Detecting Concealed Information and Deception

Detecting Concealed Information and Deception Book
Author : J. Peter Rosenfeld
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-02-16
ISBN : 0128127309
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Detecting Concealed Information and Deception: Recent Developments assembles contributions from the world’s leading experts on all aspects of concealed information detection. This reference examines an array of different methods—behavioral, verbal interview and physiological—of detecting concealed information. Chapters from leading legal authorities address how to make use of detected information for present and future legal purposes. With a theoretical and empirical foundation, the book also covers new human interviewing techniques, including the highly influential Implicit Association Test among others. Presents research from Concealed Information Test (CIT) studies Explores the legal implications and admissibility of the CIT Covers EEG, event-related brain potentials (ERP) and autonomic detection measures Reviews multiple verbal lie detection tools Discusses ocular movements during deception and evasion Identifies how to perceive malicious intentions Explores personality dimensions associated with deception, including religion, age and gender

Basic and applied research on deception and its detection

Basic and applied research on deception and its detection Book
Author : Wolfgang Ambach,Matthias Gamer
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2014-08-07
ISBN : 2889192547
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Deception is a ubiquitous phenomenon in social interactions and has attracted a significant amount of research during the last decades. The majority of studies in this field focused on how deception modulates behavioral, autonomic, and brain responses and whether these changes can be used to validly identify lies. Especially the latter question, which historically gave rise to the development of psychophysiological “lie detection” techniques, has been driving research on deception and its detection until today. The detection of deception and concealed information in forensic examinations currently constitutes one of the most frequent applications of psychophysiological methods in the field. With the increasing use of such methods, the techniques for detecting deception have been controversially discussed in the scientific community. It has been proposed to shift from the original idea of detecting deception per se to a more indirect approach that allows for determining whether a suspect has specific knowledge of crime-related details. This so-called Concealed Information Test is strongly linked to basic psychological concepts concerning memory, attention, orienting, and response monitoring. Although research in this field has intensified with the advancement of neuroimaging techniques such as PET and fMRI in the last decade, basic questions on the psychological mechanisms underlying modulatory effects of deception and information concealment on behavioral, autonomic, and brain responses are still poorly understood. This Research Topic brings together contributions from researchers in experimental psychology, psychophysiology, and neuroscience focusing on the understanding of the broad concept of deception including the detection of concealed information, with respect to basic research questions as well as applied issues. This Research Topic is mainly composed of originalresearch articles but reviews and papers elaborating on novel methodological approaches have also been included. Experimental methods include, but are not limited to, behavioral, autonomic, electroencephalographic or brain imaging techniques that allow for revealing relevant facets of deception on a multimodal level. While this Research Topic primarily includes laboratory work, relevant issues for the field use of such methods are also discussed.

Detecting Deception

Detecting Deception Book
Author : Pär Anders Granhag,Aldert Vrij,Bruno Verschuere
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-01-20
ISBN : 1118509757
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Detecting Deception offers a state-of-the-art guide to the detection of deception with a focus on the ways in which new cognitive psychology-based approaches can improve practice and results in the field. Includes comprehensive coverage of the latest scientific developments in the detection of deception and their implications for real-world practice Examines current challenges in the field - such as counter-interrogation strategies, lying networks, cross-cultural deception, and discriminating between true and false intentions Reveals a host of new approaches based on cognitive psychology with the potential to improve practice and results, including the strategic use of evidence, imposing cognitive load, response times, and covert lie detection Features contributions from internationally renowned experts

Identifying Deception Using Novel Technology Based Approaches to Uncover Concealed Information

Identifying Deception Using Novel Technology Based Approaches to Uncover Concealed Information Book
Author : Jeffrey Proudfoot
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Concealing information, one of the many forms of deception, is a pervasive phenomenon as it is present in virtually every facet of interpersonal communication. In some cases, information concealment can have profound implications (e.g., insider threats in organizations, security screening at the border, and criminal interviews). New technologies are under development to aid in identifying concealed information, however, additional research is needed in three key areas to increase the feasibility of using these technologies in real-world credibility assessment contexts. First, research is needed to investigate the accuracy of new credibility assessment technologies relative to existing deception-detection systems. Demonstrating that new technologies meet or exceed detection accuracies of existing systems (e.g., the polygraph) is critical. Second, research is needed to determine if a targetless Concealed Information Test (CIT) is feasible. Existing CIT research supports the presence of main effect differences between persons concealing information and the control group. These behaviors may permit the detection of concealed information without the use of customized sets of stimuli. Eliminating the need to create customized sets of stimuli for each examinee would drastically increase the ease with which an automated system can be used to conduct a CIT. Finally, research is needed to illuminate various elements of the human-computer interaction that occurs during automated credibility assessments. This is a new domain of human-computer interaction as system users in this context are not instigating the interaction, and in many cases, they may be seeking to limit the effectiveness of the system. Before novel systems designed to conduct credibility assessments can be adopted, further research is needed to illuminate how users perceive, respond to, and strategically manage their behaviors when interacting with systems of this nature. This dissertation contains the results of a research program designed to address each of these areas. First, an experiment was designed to investigate the accuracy rates of two promising noncontact measures of concealed information (oculometrics and vocalics) relative to electrodermal activity (EDA). Second, an experiment was designed to evaluate the feasibility of using a targetless CIT to elicit main effect differences between concealers and the control group to identify concealed information. And third, a thorough analysis of examinees' general perceptions, self-reported stress and arousal, perceived effort and performance, and use of countermeasures within the context of an automated credibility assessment interview was conducted. This research effort has yielded the following findings. First, eye tracking and vocalics can be used to identify significant differences in the behaviors and physiology of examinees concealing information, however, the accuracy with which truth tellers and information concealers can be classified remains impractical for an applied setting. Second, there are main effect differences between persons concealing information and telling the truth, however, the use of countermeasures may limit the accuracy with which concealers can be identified. Finally, the presence of concealed information and the use of crime-relevant questions alter how examinees perceive and react to a system designed to identify concealed information. The limitations of this research, as well as directions for future research, are discussed.

Memory Detection

Memory Detection Book
Author : Bruno Verschuere,Gershon Ben-Shakhar,Ewout Meijer
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9781139041607
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

"Traditional techniques for detecting deception, such as the 'lie-detector test' (or polygraph), are based upon the idea that lying is associated with stress. However, it is possible that people telling the truth will experience stress, whereas not all liars will. Because of this, the validity of such methods is questionable. As an alternative, a knowledge-based approach known as the 'Concealed Information Test' has been developed which investigates whether the examinee recognizes secret information - for example a crime suspect recognizing critical crime details that only the culprit could know. The Concealed Information Test has been supported by decades of research, and is used widely in Japan. This is the first book to focus on this exciting approach and will be of interest to law enforcement agencies and academics and professionals in psychology, criminology, policing and law"--

The Palgrave Handbook of Deceptive Communication

The Palgrave Handbook of Deceptive Communication Book
Author : Tony Docan-Morgan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-29
ISBN : 3319963341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Deception and truth-telling weave through the fabric of nearly all human interactions and every communication context. The Palgrave Handbook of Deceptive Communication unravels the topic of lying and deception in human communication, offering an interdisciplinary and comprehensive examination of the field, presenting original research, and offering direction for future investigation and application. Highly prominent and emerging deception scholars from around the world investigate the myriad forms of deceptive behavior, cross-cultural perspectives on deceit, moral dimensions of deceptive communication, theoretical approaches to the study of deception, and strategies for detecting and deterring deceit. Truth-telling, lies, and the many grey areas in-between are explored in the contexts of identity formation, interpersonal relationships, groups and organizations, social and mass media, marketing, advertising, law enforcement interrogations, court, politics, and propaganda. This handbook is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, academics, researchers, practitioners, and anyone interested in the pervasive nature of truth, deception, and ethics in the modern world.

Law and Neuroscience

Law and Neuroscience Book
Author : Owen D. Jones,Jeffrey D. Schall,Francis X. Shen (Professor)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-09
ISBN : 1543801099
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

"Coursebook on law and neuroscience, including the bearing of neuroscience on criminal law, criminal procedure, and evidence"--

Detecting Deception

Detecting Deception Book
Author : Pär Anders Granhag,Aldert Vrij,Bruno Verschuere
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-01-20
ISBN : 1118509668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Detecting Deception offers a state-of-the-art guide to the detection of deception with a focus on the ways in which new cognitive psychology-based approaches can improve practice and results in the field. Includes comprehensive coverage of the latest scientific developments in the detection of deception and their implications for real-world practice Examines current challenges in the field - such as counter-interrogation strategies, lying networks, cross-cultural deception, and discriminating between true and false intentions Reveals a host of new approaches based on cognitive psychology with the potential to improve practice and results, including the strategic use of evidence, imposing cognitive load, response times, and covert lie detection Features contributions from internationally renowned experts

Regulating New Technologies in Uncertain Times

Regulating New Technologies in Uncertain Times Book
Author : Leonie Reins
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-03-21
ISBN : 9462652791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book deals with questions of democracy and governance relating to new technologies. The deployment and application of new technologies is often accompanied with uncertainty as to their long-term (un)intended impacts. New technologies also raise questions about the limits of the law as the line between harmful and beneficial effects is often difficult to draw. The volume explores overarching concepts on how to regulate new technologies and their implications in a diverse and constantly changing society, as well as the way in which regulation can address differing, and sometimes conflicting, societal objectives, such as public health and the protection of privacy. Contributions focus on a broad range of issues such as Citizen Science, Smart Cities, big data, and health care, but also on the role of market regulation for new technologies.The book will serve as a useful research tool for scholars and practitioners interested in the latest developments in the field of technology regulation. Leonie Reins is Assistant Professor at the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT) in The Netherlands.

Forensic Psychology

Forensic Psychology Book
Author : Thomas Davis
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2020-12-10
ISBN : 1350312312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This fascinating and research-led textbook gives students the facts and the tools they need to engage critically with the psychological dimension of the criminal justice system. Accessibly written and packed with the latest psychological research, Forensic Psychology: Fact and Fiction is an engaging and wide-ranging exploration of both foundational and contemporary issues. The book prepares students to weigh up evidence and arguments, and reach their own conclusions about the issues and questions that have led them to study forensic psychology. Forensic Psychology: Fact and Fiction gives students all they need to get to grips with debates about the link between mental fitness and criminal responsibility, the purposes and effectiveness of punishment, and the use of police force, and others. It places psychology at its heart, combining research with legal perspectives to give the full picture. Drawing on global research and examples, students are given insights into what differs and what remains the same across jurisdictions and borders. Real-life case studies illustrate forensic concepts, allowing students to see how psychology is applied to criminal behaviour and the response of society to it. This comprehensive introduction is ideal for undergraduate students taking a course in forensic psychology. Balancing clarity and rigor, the book takes the student on a journey from the fundamental concepts through to the application of psychology to forensic techniques.

Deception in Court Open Issues and Detection Techniques

Deception in Court  Open Issues and Detection Techniques Book
Author : Cristina Scarpazza,Giuseppe Sartori
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-07-08
ISBN : 2889638308
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Deception in Court Open Issues and Detection Techniques book written by Cristina Scarpazza,Giuseppe Sartori, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Criminal Investigation

Criminal Investigation Book
Author : Steven G. Brandl
Publisher : SAGE Publications
Release : 2020-12-09
ISBN : 154439568X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Criminal Investigation, Fifth Edition offers a comprehensive and engaging examination of the criminal investigation process and the vital role criminal evidence plays. Written in a straightforward manner, the text focuses on the five critical areas essential to understanding criminal investigations: background and contextual issues, criminal evidence, legal procedures, evidence collection procedures, and forensic science. In the new edition of this bestseller, author Steve Brandl goes beyond a simple how-to on investigative procedures and draws from fascinating modern research, actual investigative cases, and real crime scene photos to give students practical insights into the field of criminal investigation today. This title is accompanied by a complete teaching and learning package. Contact your SAGE representative to request a demo. Digital Option / Courseware SAGE Vantage is an intuitive digital platform that delivers this text’s content and course materials in a learning experience that offers auto-graded assignments and interactive multimedia tools, all carefully designed to ignite student engagement and drive critical thinking. Built with you and your students in mind, it offers simple course set-up and enables students to better prepare for class. Assignable Video with Assessment Assignable video (available with SAGE Vantage) is tied to learning objectives and curated exclusively for this text to bring concepts to life. Watch a sample video now. LMS Cartridge: Import this title’s instructor resources into your school’s learning management system (LMS) and save time. Don’t use an LMS? You can still access all of the same online resources for this title via the password-protected Instructor Resource Site. Learn more.

Criminal Psychology and the Criminal Justice System in India and Beyond

Criminal Psychology and the Criminal Justice System in India and Beyond Book
Author : Sanjeev P. Sahni,Poulomi Bhadra
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-01
ISBN : 9811645701
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book provides a focused and comprehensive overview of criminal psychology in different socio-economic and psycho-sociological contexts. It informs readers on the role of psychology in the various aspects of the criminal justice process, starting from the investigation of a crime to the rehabilitation or reintegration of the offender. Current research in criminology and psychology has been discussed to understand the minds of various offenders, how to interact with them during investigation and conviction effectively and how to bring about positive changes in various stages of the criminal justice process—investigation, prosecution, incarceration, rehabilitation—to increase the efficacy of the correctional system and improve public confidence in the justice system. It thoroughly addresses the bigger issues of holistically reducing the increase in crime rates and susceptibility in society. Each chapter builds on leading scholarship in this field from Western scholars and supplements these theories with research findings from a South Asian perspective, particularly in the Indian criminal justice system. This book successfully encapsulates the foundations of criminal psychology literature while incorporating interdisciplinary avenues of study into criminal behaviour and legal psychology, bringing into the provincial discourse lacunas of the justice system and avenues for alternative correctional and rehabilitative programs.

Eye Tracking Detection of Deception

Eye Tracking   Detection of Deception Book
Author : Fernando Mendes de Barros
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The Concealed Information Test (CIT) is one of the most scientifically supported techniques of lie-detection to date, and it is specifically used for detecting individuals’ knowledge of crime details. Advancements in the field of eye-tracking research also indicate that pupillometry data could be of value for detection of deception techniques. Recognising a research gap regarding the potential benefits of using eye-tracking data for detection of concealed information in CIT studies, the present study investigated whether eye fixation duration (i.e. dwell time) and average pupil size (APS) could predict individuals’ attempts to conceal information in a CIT procedure that used mock-crime photographs as its primary source of test stimuli. A total of 30 participants took part in a mock-crime CIT experiment and were assigned to two groups (guilty and innocent). Guilty participants were required to enact a mock-theft, whereas innocent participants performed an observation task. The CIT had two types of question trials (critical and control-relevant trials). Critical trials presented the simultaneous display of crime-relevant and crime-irrelevant photographs, and correct answers could only be known to guilty participants. In control-relevant trials, the correct answers could only be known to innocent participants, and they showed the simultaneous display of control-relevant and control-irrelevant photographs. Results revealed that guilty participants displayed significant increases in APS when responding to both critical and control-relevant trials, in comparison to innocent participants. Moreover, neither guilty nor innocent participants displayed significant differences in APS between responses towards relevant and irrelevant photographs. Regarding dwell time responses, results showed that only guilty participants presented significant decreases in mean dwell time towards relevant(i.e. known)photographs, compared with irrelevant photographs in critical trials. By contrast, innocent participants displayed significant increase in dwell time towards relevant photographs in comparison to irrelevant photographs in control-relevant trials, whereas guilty participants presented significant decrease in dwell time towards relevant photos in these trials. These results suggest that guilty participants engaged in avoidance behaviour during the CIT examination, and detection of participants’ attempts to conceal information is possible by targeting guilty participants’ eye-movement patterns. Moreover, data from innocent participants suggest that innocent participants are less likely to engage in avoidance behaviour during CIT examinations and they may display an orienting response towards known test stimuli instead.

Hugo M nsterberg s Psychology and Law

Hugo M  nsterberg s Psychology and Law Book
Author : Brian H. Bornstein,Jeffrey Neuschatz
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2019-10-01
ISBN : 0190696354
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Though widely regarded as a founder of the modern field of psychology and law, German-American psychologist Hugo Münsterberg's now century-old ideas and research approaches continue to thrive. In fact, the discipline still grapples with many of the issues raised by Münsterberg in his seminal 1908 book, On the Witness Stand. Hugo Münsterberg's Psychology and Law makes Münsterberg's enduring insights available to a new generation of scholars, presenting the "state of the science" on the concepts that Münsterberg was one of the first to investigate. These include eyewitness memory, deception detection, false confessions, and the causes of criminal behavior. Opening with a brief biography of Münsterberg and a historical overview of the field, the book's organization follows that of On the Witness Stand, with each chapter providing a summary of Münsterberg's work followed by a contemporary perspective on the topic. Chapters challenge readers to consider what we have learned since Münsterberg's time and whether subsequent research has shown him to be right or wrong. The final chapter asks what Münsterberg may have missed, and what we may be missing today. This volume will be of interest to a broad range of scholars, practitioners, and professionals in the legal and mental health fields.

Twenty Ways to Assess Personnel

Twenty Ways to Assess Personnel Book
Author : Adrian Furnham
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-07-01
ISBN : 1108956629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Over the years, there has been more and more research to test the validity of personnel assessment methods, an area which is far from easy. This book compares traditional practices against new techniques, including social media analytics, wearables, mobile phone logs, and gamification. Researchers and businesses alike know the importance of making good, and avoiding bad, selection decisions, but are unsure of how to proceed effectively. This book maps out the viable options and advises on best practice. The author combines both practical applications and academic, psychological research to explain how each method works, the theory behind it, and the extent of the evidence that supports it.

Making an Impact on Policing and Crime

Making an Impact on Policing and Crime Book
Author : Clifford Stott,Ben Bradford,Matthew Radburn,Leanne Savigar-Shaw
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-10-20
ISBN : 1000203573
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Making an Impact on Policing and Crime: Psychological Research, Policy and Practice applies a range of case studies and examples of psychological research by international, leading researchers to tackle real-world issues within the field of crime and policing. Making an Impact on Policing and Crime documents the application of cutting-edge research to real-world policing and explains how psychologists’ insights have been adapted and developed to offer effective solutions across the criminal justice system. The experts featured in this collection cover a range of psychological topics surrounding the field, including the prevention and reduction of sexual offending and reoffending, the use of CCTV and ‘super-recognisers’, forensic questioning of vulnerable witnesses, the accuracy of nonverbal and verbal lie detection interview techniques, psychological ‘drivers’ of political violence, theoretical models of police–community relations, and the social and political significance of urban ‘riots’. This collection is a vital resource for practitioners in policing fields and the court system and professionals working with offenders, as well as students and researchers in related disciplines.

Memory Detection

Memory Detection Book
Author : Bruno Verschuere,Gershon Ben-Shakhar,Ewout Meijer
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-02-24
ISBN : 1139496662
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Traditional techniques for detecting deception, such as the 'lie-detector test' (or polygraph), are based upon the idea that lying is associated with stress. However, it is possible that people telling the truth will experience stress, whereas not all liars will. Because of this, the validity of such methods is questionable. As an alternative, a knowledge-based approach known as the 'Concealed Information Test' has been developed which investigates whether the examinee recognizes secret information - for example a crime suspect recognizing critical crime details that only the culprit could know. The Concealed Information Test has been supported by decades of research, and is used widely in Japan. This is the first book to focus on this exciting approach and will be of interest to law enforcement agencies and academics and professionals in psychology, criminology, policing and law.

How to spot a lie Response conflict sensory details and other theory based approaches to memory and deception detection

How to spot a lie  Response conflict  sensory details and other theory based approaches to memory and deception detection Book
Author : Claudia Tielt
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2019-05-15
ISBN : 3668939055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Essay from the year 2017 in the subject Psychology - Forensic Psychology, Penal System, grade: nicht benotet, Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald, language: English, abstract: Early psychophysiological approaches were based on the assumption that anxiety in the situation of an examination discriminates between deceptive and truthful testimonies. Since then, different procedures have been developed that aim at detecting deception. The theoretical underpinnings of these procedures are diverse and differ in precision. This paper will propose a framework for deception research based on established psychological theories. This work begins with a brief review of the most important psychophysiological procedures used to detect memory and deception as well as their respective theoretical foundations. Then an attempt is made to build a conceptual framework for deception research based on established psychological theories. In this endeavour, the complex process of deception versus truthful memory-based reporting will be broken down into the simpler mental processes that can be theoretically expected to be involved. The theoretical assumptions on the mental processes behind lying will be linked to relevant neuropsychological and psychophysiological findings, while taking into consideration the typical restraints given in the context of applied deception detection.

The Routledge International Handbook of Legal and Investigative Psychology

The Routledge International Handbook of Legal and Investigative Psychology Book
Author : Ray Bull,Iris Blandón-Gitlin
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-09-11
ISBN : 1000692590
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The Routledge International Handbook of Legal and Investigative Psychology explores contemporary topics in psychological science, applying them to investigative and legal procedures. Written by recognized scholars from around the globe, this book brings together current research, emerging trends, and cutting-edge debates in a single comprehensive and authoritative volume. Drawing from both research and practice, this handbook highlights many important issues such as: how to investigate and prosecute rape; the value of emotional affect in homicide investigations; and factors affecting jurors’ and suspects’ decision making. By considering current research, the authors inform both legal and investigative professionals of findings that are of direct relevance to them, and the steps that can be taken to improve efficiency. This collection will inform investigative and legal professionals, advanced psychology students, academics, researchers, and policy makers. It will also be of great interest to researchers from other disciplines, including criminology, policing, and law.