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Desulphurization And Denitrification Of Diesel Oil Using Ionic Liquids

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Desulphurization and Denitrification of Diesel Oil Using Ionic Liquids

Desulphurization and Denitrification of Diesel Oil Using Ionic Liquids Book
Author : Tamal Banerjee,Anantharaj Ramalingam
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-04-11
ISBN : 0128014903
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Desulphurization and Denitrification of Diesel Oil using Ionic Liquids: Experiments and Quantum Chemical Predictions discusses how quantum chemical calculations are applied to investigate the fundamental nature of the IL-sulphur-nitrogen systems at atomic and molecular levels. The book will help readers understand the nature of the structural relationship between molecules such as ionic liquid + aromatic sulphur + aromatic nitrogen system(s). In addition, COSMO-RS (Conductor Like Screening Model for Real Solvents) predictions and subsequent experimentation are discussed to evaluate the performance of ionic liquids for desulphurization and denitrification of diesel oil. Provides current research on green solvents, such as ionic liquids, used in desulphurization and denitrification of fuels Discusses the COSMO-RS model in predicting the properties of ionic liquids to aid in the design of separation processes Includes real-world applications of desulphurization and denitrification using ionic liquids

ICGSCE 2014

ICGSCE 2014 Book
Author : Md Amin Hashim
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-06-15
ISBN : 9812875050
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book includes selected papers from the ICGSCE 2014 with focus on the current trends of global resources used to meet the growing demands to improve life style coupled with environmental and social problems related to the resource consumption with emphasize to move towards sustainable development. It provides a platform for scientists and academicians from local and international universities and industries to promote, share and discuss various new issues and developments in different areas of Chemical Engineering with respect to global sustainability. Under the sustainability umbrella the topics covered are; alternative energy sources, alternative feedstock for energy and chemicals, alternative raw materials for household commodity, green process with minimal environmental impact, process intensification, waste minimization, recycling of wastes and providing quality water, food and medicines. Other topics covered include: 1. Oil and gas, Biofuel, Fuel cell, Renewable energy 2. Green technology, Sustainability, Environmental, Carbon sequestration, Carbon footprint, Natural resources 3. Chemical processes, Separation technology, Biotechnology, Nanotechnology, Food technology, Particle technology, Corrosion, Pharmaceutical, Phytochemical, Oleochemical 4. Process modeling, Process Simulation, Process control 5. Advanced material, Polymer, Catalyst, Enzyme 6. Policy, Regulations, Strategy and implementation, Safety, Management of science, Engineering education 7. Process Safety and Loss Prevention, Environmental and chemical risk assessment, Transportation risk analysis, Inherent safety.

Biodesulfurization in Petroleum Refining

Biodesulfurization in Petroleum Refining Book
Author : Nour Shafik El-Gendy,Hussein Mohamed Nabil Nassar
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-10-02
ISBN : 111922358X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Petroleum refining and process engineering is constantly changing. No new refineries are being built, but companies all over the world are still expanding or re-purposing huge percentages of their refineries every year, year after year. Rather than building entirely new plants, companies are spending billions of dollars in the research and development of new processes that can save time and money by being more efficient and environmentally safer. Biodesulfurization is one of those processes, and nowhere else it is covered more thoroughly or with more up-to-date research of the new advances than in this new volume from Wiley-Scrivener. Crude oil consists of hydrocarbons, along with other minerals and trace elements. Sulfur is the most abundant element after carbon and hydrogen, then comes after it nitrogen, and they usually concentrated in the higher boiling fractions of the crude oil. The presence of sulfur compounds causes the corrosion of refining facilities and catalysts poisoning. Moreover, the presence of nitrogen-compounds directly impacts the refining processes via; poisoning the cracking catalysts and inhibiting the hydrodesulfurization catalysts. In addition, both have bad impacts on the environment, throughout the sulfur and nitrogen oxide emissions. Removing this sulfur and nitrogen from the refining process protects equipment and the environment and creates a more efficient and cost-effective process. Besides the obvious benefits to biodesulfurization, there are new regulations in place within the industry with which companies will, over the next decade or longer, spend literally tens, if not hundreds, of billions of dollars to comply. Whether for the veteran engineer needing to update his or her library, the beginning engineer just learning about biodesulfurization, or even the student in a chemical engineering class, this outstanding new volume is a must-have. Especially it covers also the bioupgrading of crude oil and its fractions, biodenitrogenation technology and application of nanotechnology on both bio-desulfurization and denitrogenation technologies.

Deep Eutectic Solvents

Deep Eutectic Solvents Book
Author : Yizhak Marcus
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-05
ISBN : 3030006085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is one of the first books fully dedicated to the rapidly advancing and expanding research area of deep eutectic solvents. Written by the internationally recognized expert in solution chemistry, it supplies full information regarding preparation of these new eco-friendly solvents, their properties and applications. The current and potential applications of deep eutectic solvents as organic reaction media, catalytic system, in biomass processing, nanotechnology and metal finishing industry, as well as for extraction and separation are extensively discussed.This highly informative and carefully presented book will appeal to practicing chemists (organic chemists, polymer chemists, biochemists) as well as chemical engineers and environmental scientists.

Ionic Liquids for Better Separation Processes

Ionic Liquids for Better Separation Processes Book
Author : Héctor Rodríguez
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-16
ISBN : 3662485206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses capital separation processes of industrial interest and explores the potential for substantial improvement offered by a promising class of substances: ionic liquids. These low melting point salts, with their unique characteristics, have been gaining relevance in the field of separation through a variety of approaches. The chapters are structured from an application perspective, and cover the utilisation of ionic liquids in different unit operation contexts (distillation, liquid-liquid extraction, and solid-liquid extraction), giving an idea of their remarkable versatility. The final chapters focus on the use of ionic liquids in analytical applications based on separation procedures. This volume combines the review of the main advances to date with the analysis of the potential future use of ionic liquids in separation processes across a variety of fields, ranging from enhancement of state-of-the-art technologies to a revolution in the technological bases currently in use. It provides a valuable resource for engineers and scientists working in the field of separation, as well as for all readers generally interested in ionic liquids, in particular from an application standpoint. Héctor Rodríguez is a faculty member of the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Application Purification and Recovery of Ionic Liquids

Application  Purification  and Recovery of Ionic Liquids Book
Author : Olga Kuzmina,Jason Hallett
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-03-01
ISBN : 0444633014
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Application, Purification, and Recovery of Ionic Liquids provides a comprehensive overview of the usage of ionic liquids (IL). The book gives a description of the methods used for recovery and purification of ILs, a summary of the economic aspects of using ILs, and a review on the toxicity data of ILs. It is written for researchers, scientists, and engineers working with ILs, their properties, and usages. The book not only describes the chemical aspects, but the economic and environmental aspects as well, making it of particular interest to professionals applying this technology. Chapters written by scientists in academia and researchers in industry, ensuring coverage of both the scientific fundaments and industrial applications A single source of information for a broad collection of recovery and purification methods Provides information on using ionic liquids as green solvents Includes economic aspects of recovery and reuse of ionic liquids

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lists citations with abstracts for aerospace related reports obtained from world wide sources and announces documents that have recently been entered into the NASA Scientific and Technical Information Database.

Alternative Solvents for Green Chemistry

Alternative Solvents for Green Chemistry Book
Author : Francesca Kerton,Ray Marriott
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2015-11-09
ISBN : 1782626131
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Everyone is becoming more environmentally conscious and therefore, chemical processes are being developed with their environmental burden in mind. This also means that more traditional chemical methods are being replaced with new innovations and this includes new solvents. Solvents are everywhere, but how necessary are they? They are used in most areas including synthetic chemistry, analytical chemistry, pharmaceutical production and processing, the food and flavour industry and the materials and coatings sectors. However, the principles of green chemistry guide us to use less of them, or to use safer, more environmentally friendly solvents if they are essential. Therefore, we should always ask ourselves, do we really need a solvent? Green chemistry, as a relatively new sub-discipline, is a rapidly growing field of research. Alternative solvents - including supercritical fluids and room temperature ionic liquids - form a significant portion of research in green chemistry. This is in part due to the hazards of many conventional solvents (e.g. toxicity and flammability) and the significant contribution that solvents make to the waste generated in many chemical processes. Solvents are important in analytical chemistry, product purification, extraction and separation technologies, and also in the modification of materials. Therefore, in order to make chemistry more sustainable in these fields, a knowledge of alternative, greener solvents is important. This book, which is part of a green chemistry series, uses examples that tie in with the 12 principles of green chemistry e.g. atom efficient reactions in benign solvents and processing of renewable chemicals/materials in green solvents. Readers get an overview of the many different kinds of solvents, written in such a way to make the book appropriate to newcomers to the field and prepare them for the 'green choices' available. The book also removes some of the mystique associated with 'alternative solvent' choices and includes information on solvents in different fields of chemistry such as analytical and materials chemistry in addition to catalysis and synthesis. The latest research developments, not covered elsewhere, are included such as switchable solvents and biosolvents. Also, some important areas that are often overlooked are described such as naturally sourced solvents (including ethanol and ethyl lactate) and liquid polymers (including poly(ethyleneglycol) and poly(dimethylsiloxane)). As well as these additional alternative solvents being included, the book takes a more general approach to solvents, not just focusing on the use of solvents in synthetic chemistry. Applications of solvents in areas such as analysis are overviewed in addition to the more widely recognised uses of alternative solvents in organic synthesis. Unfortunately, as the book shows, there is no universal green solvent and readers must ascertain their best options based on prior chemistry, cost, environmental benefits and other factors. It is important to try and minimize the number of solvent changes in a chemical process and therefore, the importance of solvents in product purification, extraction and separation technologies are highlighted. The book is aimed at newcomers to the field whether research students beginning investigations towards their thesis or industrial researchers curious to find out if an alternative solvent would be suitable in their work.

Polyoxometalate Chemistry From Topology via Self Assembly to Applications

Polyoxometalate Chemistry From Topology via Self Assembly to Applications Book
Author : M.T. Pope,Achim Müller
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-08
ISBN : 0306476258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work incorporates contributions from polyoxometalate scientists, and presents a summary of research developments in this field. Topics discussed include synthetic strategies leading to functionalized organic polyoxometalate derivatives, oxothioanions, and supramolecular assemblies.

Fossil Energy Update

Fossil Energy Update Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fossil Energy Update book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Catalysis

Advances in Catalysis Book
Author : Bruce C. Gates,Helmut Knoezinger
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2001-05-28
ISBN : 9780122772511
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since 1948, this series has filled the gap between the papers that report on and the textbooks that teach in the diverse areas of catalysis research. The editors of and contributors to Advances in Catalysis are dedicated to recording progress in this area. Each volume of Advances in Catalysis contains articles covering a subject of broad interest. Advances in Catalysis 45 is dedicated to a single theme: the impact of surface science on catalysis. COVERAGE INCLUDES: · Dynamics of reactions at surfaces on time scales ranging from 10-13s to 103s · Density functional theory of adsorption and surface chemical reactions · Catalysts in action: atomic-resolution STM images elucidating elementary reactions on surfaces · Adsorption energetics and bonding: femtomole calorimetry and first-principles theory · Active sites on oxide catalysts: from single crystals to powders · Model supported catalysts: metal particles on well-ordered oxide layers · Vibrational spectra of reaction intermediates on catalyst surfaces by sum frequency generation

Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining

Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining Book
Author : Mohamed A. Fahim,Taher A. Al-Sahhaf,Amal Elkilani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-11-19
ISBN : 9780080931562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining presents the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics, and it explains the scientific background essential for understanding refinery operations. The text also provides a detailed introduction to refinery engineering topics, ranging from the basic principles and unit operations to overall refinery economics. The book covers important topics, such as clean fuels, gasification, biofuels, and environmental impact of refining, which are not commonly discussed in most refinery textbooks. Throughout the source, problem sets and examples are given to help the reader practice and apply the fundamental principles of refining. Chapters 1-10 can be used as core materials for teaching undergraduate courses. The first two chapters present an introduction to the petroleum refining industry and then focus on feedstocks and products. Thermophysical properties of crude oils and petroleum fractions, including processes of atmospheric and vacuum distillations, are discussed in Chapters 3 and 4. Conversion processes, product blending, and alkylation are covered in chapters 5-10. The remaining chapters discuss hydrogen production, clean fuel production, refining economics and safety, acid gas treatment and removal, and methods for environmental and effluent treatments. This source can serve both professionals and students (on undergraduate and graduate levels) of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Chemistry, and Chemical Technology. Beginners in the engineering field, specifically in the oil and gas industry, may also find this book invaluable. Provides balanced coverage of fundamental and operational topics Includes spreadsheets and process simulators for showing trends and simulation case studies Relates processing to planning and management to give an integrated picture of refining

Biorefineries and Chemical Processes

Biorefineries and Chemical Processes Book
Author : Jhuma Sadhukhan,Kok Siew Ng,Elias Martinez Hernandez
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-08-25
ISBN : 1118698169
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the range of feedstocks, process technologies and products expand, biorefineries will become increasingly complex manufacturing systems. Biorefineries and Chemical Processes: Design, Integration and Sustainability Analysis presents process modelling and integration, and whole system life cycle analysis tools for the synthesis, design, operation and sustainable development of biorefinery and chemical processes. Topics covered include: Introduction: An introduction to the concept and development of biorefineries. Tools: Included here are the methods for detailed economic and environmental impact analyses; combined economic value and environmental impact analysis; life cycle assessment (LCA); multi-criteria analysis; heat integration and utility system design; mathematical programming based optimization and genetic algorithms. Process synthesis and design: Focuses on modern unit operations and innovative process flowsheets. Discusses thermochemical and biochemical processing of biomass, production of chemicals and polymers from biomass, and processes for carbon dioxide capture. Biorefinery systems: Presents biorefinery process synthesis using whole system analysis. Discusses bio-oil and algae biorefineries, integrated fuel cells and renewables, and heterogeneous catalytic reactors. Companion website: Four case studies, additional exercises and examples are available online, together with three supplementary chapters which address waste and emission minimization, energy storage and control systems, and the optimization and reuse of water. This textbook is designed to bridge a gap between engineering design and sustainability assessment, for advanced students and practicing process designers and engineers.

Biodiesel

Biodiesel Book
Author : Meisam Tabatabaei,Mortaza Aghbashlo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-02
ISBN : 3030009858
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents in-depth information on the state of the art of global biodiesel production and investigates its impact on climate change. Subsequently, it comprehensively discusses biodiesel production in terms of production systems (reactor technologies) as well as biodiesel purification and upgrading technologies. Moreover, the book reviews essential parameters in biodiesel production systems as well as major principles of operation, process control, and trouble-shooting in these systems. Conventional and emerging applications of biodiesel by-products with a view to further economize biodiesel production are also scrutinized. Separate chapters are dedicated to economic risk analysis and critical comparison of biodiesel production systems as well as techno-economical aspects of biodiesel plants. The book also thoroughly investigates the important aspects of biodiesel production and combustion by taking advantage of advanced sustainability analysis tools including life cycle assessment (LCA) and exergy techniques. In closing, the application of Omics technologies in biodiesel production is presented and discussed. This book is relevant to anyone with an interest in renewable, more sustainable fuel and energy solutions.

Drugs During Pregnancy and Lactation

Drugs During Pregnancy and Lactation Book
Author : H. Garbis,P. McElhatton,M. Reuvers,E. Robert,M. Rost van Tonningen,A. Scialli,P. Peters
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release : 2001-12-21
ISBN : 9780444507631
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The care of pregnant women presents one of the paradoxes of modern medicine. Women usually require little medical intervention during an (uneventful) pregnancy. Conversely, those at high risk of damage to their own health or that of their unborn require the help of appropriate medicinal technology, including drugs. Accordingly, there are two classes of pregnant women, the larger group requires support but not much intervention, while the other needs the full range of diagnostic and therapeutic measures applied in any other branch of medicine. This book presents the current state of knowledge about drugs in pregnancy. In each chapter information is presented separately for two different aspects of the problem seeking a drug appropriate for prescription during pregnancy, and assessing the risk of a drug when exposure has already taken place. Practising clinicians who prescribe medicinal products to women who are, or who may become, pregnant, will find this volume an invaluable reference.

A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering

A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering Book
Author : Carl Schaschke
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2014-01-09
ISBN : 0191002690
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering is one of the latest additions to the market leading Oxford Paperback Reference series. In over 3,400 concise and authoritative A to Z entries, it provides definitions and explanations for chemical engineering terms in areas including: materials, energy balances, reactions, separations, sustainability, safety, and ethics. Naturally, the dictionary also covers many pertinent terms from the fields of chemistry, physics, biology, and mathematics. Useful entry-level web links are listed and regularly updated on a dedicated companion website to expand the coverage of the dictionary. Comprehensively cross-referenced and complemented by over 60 line drawings, this excellent new volume is the most authoritative dictionary of its kind. It is an essential reference source for students of chemical engineering, for professionals in this field (as well as related disciplines such as applied chemistry, chemical technology, and process engineering), and for anyone with an interest in the subject.

Waste Management for the Food Industries

Waste Management for the Food Industries Book
Author : Ioannis S. Arvanitoyannis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-07-28
ISBN : 9780080554938
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The continuously increasing human population, has resulted in a huge demand for processed and packaged foods. As a result of this demand, large amounts of water, air, electricity and fuel are consumed on a daily basis for food processing, transportation and preservation purposes. Although not one of the most heavily polluting, the food industry does contribute to the increase in volume of waste produced as well as to the energy expended to do so. For the first time, nine separate food industry categories are thoroughly investigated in Waste Management for the Food Industries in an effort to help combat this already acute problem. The current state of environmental management systems is described, offering comparisons of global legislation rarely found in other resources. An extensive review of commercial equipment, including advantages and disadvantages per employed waste management technique, offers a unique perspective for any academic, student, professional, and/or consultant in the food, agriculture and environmental industries. Thoroughly examines the most prevalent and most polluting industries such as Meat, Fish, Dairy, Olive Oil, Juice and Wine industries Includes synoptical tables [methods employed, physicochemical or microbiological parameters altered after treatment etc] and comparative figures of the effectiveness of various waste management methods Contains nearly 2500 of the most up-to-date references available

Catalysis of Organic Reactions

Catalysis of Organic Reactions Book
Author : Mike G. Scaros
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-11-22
ISBN : 1351462350
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on the papers and posters presented at the 15th Conference on Catalysis of Organic Reactions, this work covers developments in the study of catalysis as it relates to organic synthesis, emphasizing applications in industrial processes. Over 1000 bibliographic citations and over 250 tables, drawings, and photographs are provided. Theoretical and practical aspects of the field are highlighted.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy Research Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Char Oil Energy Development

Char Oil Energy Development Book
Author : L. J. Scotti,B. D. McMunn,M. I. Greene,F. H. Schoemann,R. C. Merrill,H. D. Terzian,J. A. Hamshar,D. J. Domina,J. F. Jones
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1974
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Char Oil Energy Development book written by L. J. Scotti,B. D. McMunn,M. I. Greene,F. H. Schoemann,R. C. Merrill,H. D. Terzian,J. A. Hamshar,D. J. Domina,J. F. Jones, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.