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Designing And Conducting Research In Translational Medicine

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Translational Medicine What Why and How

Translational Medicine   What  Why and How Book
Author : Barbara Alving,Kerong Dai,Samuel H. H. Chan
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2012-12-01
ISBN : 3318022845
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the first to provide an aerial view, as well as detailed information, on 'how' activities in translational medicine are under development in countries such as the USA, China, the UK, and Taiwan. Institutions in each country are training investigators to work as sophisticated interdisciplinary teams. Investigators from 11 US academic health centers explain how they are incentivizing collaborations through pilot project programs, forming partnerships with business schools to promote efficient management of basic and clinical research, creating ethical, high- value public-private (industry) partnerships, improving efficiency with utilization of informatics, and engaging the community in research. The essential role of evaluation is explained in a clear and concise manner. The readers will also learn about the role of private funding in Taiwan and the vision of the government in China in developing multiple translational research centers. The UK is developing methodical approaches to patient needs across their lifespans; ongoing innovation is encouraged through incubator programs. With the emphasis on open innovation and sharing, the concepts and practice of translational medicine are spreading rapidly on an international scale.

Clinical and Translational Science

Clinical and Translational Science Book
Author : David Robertson,Gordon H. Williams
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-11-25
ISBN : 012802111X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clinical and Translational Science: Principles of Human Research, Second Edition, is the most authoritative and timely resource for the broad range of investigators taking on the challenge of clinical and translational science, a field that is devoted to investigating human health and disease, interventions, and outcomes for the purposes of developing new treatment approaches, devices, and modalities to improve health. This updated second edition has been prepared with an international perspective, beginning with fundamental principles, experimental design, epidemiology, traditional and new biostatistical approaches, and investigative tools. It presents complete instruction and guidance from fundamental principles, approaches, and infrastructure, especially for human genetics and genomics, human pharmacology, research in special populations, the societal context of human research, and the future of human research. The book moves on to discuss legal, social, and ethical issues, and concludes with a discussion of future prospects, providing readers with a comprehensive view of this rapidly developing area of science. Introduces novel physiological and therapeutic strategies for engaging the fastest growing scientific field in both the private sector and academic medicine Brings insights from international leaders into the discipline of clinical and translational science Addresses drug discovery, drug repurposing and development, innovative and improved approaches to go/no-go decisions in drug development, and traditional and innovative clinical trial designs

Designing and Conducting Gender Sex and Health Research

Designing and Conducting Gender  Sex  and Health Research Book
Author : John L. Oliffe,Lorraine Greaves
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2011-04-18
ISBN : 1452236550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides the first resource dedicated to critically examining gender and sex in study designs, methods, and analysis in health research. In order to produce ethical, accurate, and effective research findings it is vital to integrate both sex (biological characteristics) and gender (socially constructed factors) into any health study. This book draws attention to some of the methodological complexities in this enterprise and offers ways to thoughtfully address these by drawing on empirical examples across a range of topics and disciplines.

Translational Surgery

Translational Surgery Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2023-02-01
ISBN : 0323906303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Translational Surgery is a surgery-specific instructional guide to translational medical research that serves as a practical, step-by-step roadmap for taking a biomedical device, potential therapeutic agent, or research question from idea through demonstrated clinical benefit. Fundamentally, the volume bridges the gap between current research and practice. Written by a team of expert medical, biomedical engineering, and clinical research experts in general surgery, this book provides a clear process for understanding, designing, executing and analyzing clinical and translational research within the field. Focuses on translational general surgery and research, covering the principles of evidence-based medicine and applying these principles to the design of translational investigations Provides a practical, straightforward approach that will help aspiring general surgeons and researchers navigate challenging considerations in study design and implementation Details valuable discussions on the critical appraisal of published studies in general surgery, allowing the reader to learn how to evaluate the quality of such studies with respect to measuring outcomes and to make effective use of all types of evidence in patient care

Recent Advances in Molecular and Translational Medicine Updates in Precision Medicine

Recent Advances in Molecular and Translational Medicine  Updates in Precision Medicine Book
Author : Somchai Chutipongtanate
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2021-12-13
ISBN : 9815036769
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Precision medicine is a disruptive innovation with a fast-evolving pace in the healthcare ecosystem. Precision medicine enables precise diagnosis and targeted treatment by considering individual variability in the abnormalities of causative genes and molecular drivers behind biochemical mechanisms. A vast amount of data created by advanced omics technologies is a foundation of precision medicine’s success, and the implications of the findings from these technologies can potentially improve clinical outcomes. Recent Advances in Molecular and Translational Medicine: Updates in Precision Medicine presents essential information of molecular and translational research in precision medicine, with a specific focus on pediatrics. This book provides an accessible introduction to omics technologies, gives a detailed explanation of bioinformatics workflows to interpret high-throughput omics profiles for molecular diagnosis, and collects some of the cutting-edge research for precise therapeutics. Contributions to the book have been provided by experts in biomedical engineering and clinical practice, thus, bringing an informed perspective to the reader on each topic. The book is a valuable resource for postgraduate students, researchers, data scientists and clinicians interested in precision medicine, as well as researchers in the field of genetics and pediatrics who are interested in understanding the role of precision medicine in clinical practice.

Bioengineering

Bioengineering Book
Author : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Science and Technology Committee
Publisher : The Stationery Office
Release : 2010-03-25
ISBN : 9780215545268
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report finds that the UK has an excellent research base but is still failing to maximise its potential by translating research into wealth and health. The road to economic recovery will depend, in part, on exploitation of the UK's research base, which in turn requires efficient translation to generate returns on investments. Some areas of bioengineering, such as stem cells, have clearly benefited from strong Government leadership and support, backed up by generous levels of funding from both the public and private sectors. Others, such as genetically modified (GM) crops, are less well supported and funded. This is curious when GM crops are considered by the Government to be safe and offer potential benefits. GM crops are certainly the poor cousin in the bioengineering family, and we strongly urge the Government to signal its support for GM crops as well as improving the regulatory situation in Europe. Regulation of bioengineering is complex and researchers have found that regulations inhibit research and translation, either because of regulatory complexity (stem cells) or a flawed operation of the regulatory process (GM crops). There are good indications that the UK is learning from past experiences in bioengineering when handling new emerging technologies, such as synthetic biology. The Government and Research Councils have recognised the value of synthetic biology early, and are providing funding. The Committee is also concerned that while research is well funded there is not enough forethought about synthetic biology translation, for example developing DNA synthesis capability, which would provide the UK with an excellent opportunity to get ahead internationally. If this is not addressed, synthetic biology runs the risk of becoming yet another story of the UK failing to capitalise on a strong research base and falling behind internationally.

Issues in Prevention Diagnostics Screening Statistics and Testing 2011 Edition

Issues in Prevention  Diagnostics  Screening  Statistics  and Testing  2011 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-01-09
ISBN : 1464967199
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Issues in Prevention, Diagnostics, Screening, Statistics, and Testing: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Prevention, Diagnostics, Screening, Statistics, and Testing. The editors have built Issues in Prevention, Diagnostics, Screening, Statistics, and Testing: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Prevention, Diagnostics, Screening, Statistics, and Testing in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Prevention, Diagnostics, Screening, Statistics, and Testing: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Clinical Trial Design Challenges in Mood Disorders

Clinical Trial Design Challenges in Mood Disorders Book
Author : Mauricio Tohen,Charles Bowden,Andrew A. Nierenberg,John Geddes
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-01-24
ISBN : 0124051766
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Poor clinical trial designs result in failed studies wasting research funds and limiting the advancement of cures for disorders. Clinical Trial Design Challenges in Mood Disorders outlines classic problems researchers face in designing clinical trials and discusses how best to address them for the most definitive and generalizable results. Traditional trial designs are included as well as novel analytic techniques. The book examines information on high placebo response, the generalizability of studies conducted in the developing world, the duration of maintenance studies, and the application of findings into clinical practice. With representation from contributors throughout the world and from academia, industry, regulatory agencies, and advocacy groups, this book will contribute toward improved clinical trial design and valid, precise, and reliable answers about what works better and faster for patients. Summarizes common trial design problems and their solutions Encompasses funding, subject selection, regulatory issues and more Identifies best practices for definitive and generalizable results Includes traditional trial designs and novel analytic techniques Represents academia, industry, regulatory agencies, and advocacy groups

Translational Medicine

Translational Medicine Book
Author : James Mittra,Christopher-Paul Milne
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 9814364843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together a range of academic, industry and practitioner perspectives on translational medicine (TM). It enhances conceptual and practical understanding of the emergence and progress of the field and its potential impact on basic research, therapeutic development, and institutional infrastructure. In recognition of the various implications TM has for public health policy and commercial innovation, the book addresses the major systemic aspects of the field. The contributors explore the dynamic interactions and key challenges in translating new science into viable therapies for the clinic, which includes recognizing the importance of social, commercial, and regulatory environments in addition to good science.

Evaluating and Conducting Research in Audiology

Evaluating and Conducting Research in Audiology Book
Author : Vinaya Manchaiah, Eldré Beukes, Ross J. Roeser
Publisher : Plural Publishing
Release : 2021-02-04
ISBN : 1635502012
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evaluating and Conducting Research in Audiology is the first research methods textbook that is specific to the field of audiology and designed to serve as an academic textbook for audiology graduate students. This text can also be accessible for audiology practitioners who are interested in clinical and applied research. The comprehensive coverage includes materials for multiple courses within audiology degree programs, including research methods, analysis of professional literature, evidence-based practice, and capstone research projects. Classroom tested, and written by authors who have extensive backgrounds in publishing and editing, this text provides knowledge that is required in evaluating, conducting, and disseminating research. The book is separated into three sections: (a) research methods; (b) evidence-based practice; and (c) conducting and disseminating research. Together, these sections provide a detailed coverage of the research methods that are relevant to conducting research, particularly in the field of Audiology. Key Features: * Learning outcomes at the beginning of each chapter * End of chapter reviews including key points and study questions * Audiology-specific examples, research methods, and study designs * “Golden Nugget” boxes throughout the book containing valuable information related to the critical concepts * In-depth discussion of qualitative research methods, survey research methods, and systematic reviews to motivate students and early career researchers to consider these methodologies in their research

Translational Medicine Tools And Techniques

Translational Medicine  Tools And Techniques Book
Author : Aamir Shahzad
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-11-24
ISBN : 0128034947
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Translational Medicine: Tools and Techniques provides a standardized path from basic research to the clinic and brings together various policy and practice issues to simplify the broad interdisciplinary field. With discussions from academic and industry leaders at international institutions who have successfully implemented translational medicine techniques and tools in various settings, readers will be guided through implementation strategies relevant to their own needs and institutions. The book also addresses regulatory processes in USA, EU, Japan and China. By providing details on omics sciences techniques, biomarkers, data mining and management approaches, case reports from industry, and tools to assess the value of different technologies and techniques, this book is the first to provide a user-friendly go-to guide for key opinion leaders (KOLs), industry administrators, faculty members, clinicians, researchers, and students interested in translational medicine. Includes detailed and standardized information about the techniques and tools used in translational medicine Provides specific industry case scenarios Explains how to use translational medicine tools and techniques to plan and improve infrastructures and capabilities while reducing cost and optimizing resources

Essentials for Quality and Safety Improvement in Health Care

Essentials for Quality and Safety Improvement in Health Care Book
Author : Christopher Ente,Michael Ukpe
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022
ISBN : 3030924823
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Patient safety and quality improvement in health care remain a global priority. Subpar performance in health care, however, is still common more than a decade after the christening of patient safety in Africa. The core principle of safety and quality improvement systems is to identify and assess the root cause of failures in order to learn from them and devise a means to improve and to avoid recurrence. This book is designed to encourage, facilitate and empower healthcare workers in the development and implementation of strategically driven patient safety and quality improvement initiatives for safer healthcare systems and healthcare facilities in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) of Africa.^It also highlights some of the profound challenges and barriers to designing and implementing patient safety and quality improvement interventions or programmes in the region and reiterates the need to remain focused and determined to work out solutions with confidence and overcome these barriers. In the book, chapters highlight six essential components crucial for achieving evolutionary progress in safety and quality improvement in a healthcare system: Standard operating procedure Audit Research Safety management Quality management Evaluation Practical steps in planning and conducting these six essential components are outlined with some specific features to aid learning and facilitate their implementation. The authors have experience and expertise in the medical practice gained in Africa and a decade of knowledge and experience from consultancy work in safety and quality improvement in health care within and outside the region.^Essentials for Quality and Safety Improvement in Health Care: A Resource for Developing Countries is authored for both medical professionals and those from other professions who are interested in and enthusiastic about patient safety and healthcare quality and therefore willing to build a career in this field. It is relevant to all health institutions, health and non-health workers, and can be used as a checklist while rendering quality and safe health care.

Pharmaceutical Medicine and Translational Clinical Research

Pharmaceutical Medicine and Translational Clinical Research Book
Author : Divya Vohora,Gursharan Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-11-14
ISBN : 0128020989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pharmaceutical Medicine and Translational Clinical Research covers clinical testing of medicines and the translation of pharmaceutical drug research into new medicines, also focusing on the need to understand the safety profile of medicine and the benefit-risk balance. Pharmacoeconomics and the social impact of healthcare on patients and public health are also featured. It is written in a clear and straightforward manner to enable rapid review and assimilation of complex information and contains reader-friendly features. As a greater understanding of these aspects is critical for students in the areas of pharmaceutical medicine, clinical research, pharmacology and pharmacy, as well as professionals working in the pharmaceutical industry, this book is an ideal resource. Includes detailed coverage of current trends and key topics in pharmaceutical medicine, including biosimilars, biobetters, super generics, and Provides a comprehensive look at current and important aspects of the science and regulation of drug and biologics discovery

Translational Medicine

Translational Medicine Book
Author : Dennis Cosmatos,Shein-Chung Chow
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-12-17
ISBN : 9781584888734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Examines Critical Decisions for Transitioning Lab Science to a Clinical Setting The development of therapeutic pharmaceutical compounds is becoming more expensive, and the success rates for getting such treatments approved for marketing and to the patients is decreasing. As a result, translational medicine (TM) is becoming increasingly important in the healthcare industry – a means of maximizing the consideration and use of information collected as compounds transition from initial lab discovery, through pre-clinical testing, early clinical trials, and late confirmatory studies that lead to regulatory approval of drug release to patients. Translational Medicine: Strategies and Statistical Methods suggests a process for transitioning from the initial lab discovery to the patient’s bedside with minimal disconnect and offers a comprehensive review of statistical design and methodology commonly employed in this bench-to-bedside research. Documents Alternative Research Approaches for Faster and More Accurate Data Judgment Calls Elaborating on how to introduce TM into clinical studies, this authoritative work presents a keen approach to building, executing, and validating statistical models that consider data from various phases of development. It also delineates a truly translational example to help bolster understanding of discussed concepts. This comprehensive guide effectively demonstrates how to overcome obstacles related to successful TM practice. It contains invaluable information for pharmaceutical scientists, research executives, clinicians, and biostatisticians looking to expedite successful implementation of this important process.

Medicine for MRCP

Medicine for MRCP Book
Author : Rupa Bessant,Jonathan Birns,Charlotte Ford
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2020-08-17
ISBN : 0191084948
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medicine for MRCP provides a comprehensive review of the material that you need to pass the MRCP Parts 1 and 2 written papers. The twenty-seven chapters mapped out to the RCP syllabus, cover all areas from molecular medicine and genetics, through to medical law and ethics. Written by specialist contributors and educational experts, the content is carefully crafted to build your understanding for both papers. Each chapter begins with the basic science required for Part 1, before covering clinical medicine for Part 1, Part 2 and the PACES examinations. To ensure effective revision, material is presented in short sections with bullet lists, tables, and boxes. Over 150 drawings and photos illustrate key principles and clinical topics making them easier to retain. References to evidence-based protocols and directions to further reading allow for deeper understanding. Candidates can review their progress via the 180 end-of chapter self-assessment questions. Drawing on the authors' expertise, Medicine for MRCP is the ideal companion for the MRCP as well as a useful reference guide for practicing medical doctors.

AIA Academy Journal

AIA Academy Journal Book
Author : Academy of Architecture for Health
Publisher : Lulu.com
Release : 2022-10-07
ISBN : 1312066636
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download AIA Academy Journal book written by Academy of Architecture for Health, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Translational Medicine in CNS Drug Development

Translational Medicine in CNS Drug Development Book
Author : George G. Nomikos,Douglas E. Feltner
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-18
ISBN : 0128031646
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Translational Medicine in CNS Drug Development, Volume 29, is the first book of its kind to offer a comprehensive overview of the latest developments in translational medicine and biomarker techniques. With extensive coverage on all aspects of biomarkers and personalized medicine, and numerous chapters devoted to the best strategies for developing drugs that target specific disorders, this book presents an essential reference for researchers in neuroscience and pharmacology who need the most up-to-date techniques for the successful development of drugs to treat central nervous system disorders. Despite increases in the number of individuals suffering from CNS-related disorders, the development and approval of drugs for their treatment have been hampered by inefficiencies in advancing compounds from preclinical discovery to the clinic. However, in the past decades, game-changing strides have been made in our understanding of the pathophysiology of CNS disorders and the relationship of drug exposure in plasma and CNS to pharmacodynamic measures in both animals and humans. Includes comprehensive coverage of biomarker tools and the role of personalized medicine in CNS drug development Discusses strategies for drug development for a full range of CNS indications, with particular attention to neuropsychiatric and neurocognitive disorders Includes chapters written by international experts from industry and academia

Biomedical Research

Biomedical Research Book
Author : G. Jagadeesh
Publisher : Wolters kluwer india Pvt Ltd
Release : 2019-01-01
ISBN : 8184732007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Specially designed for aspiring researchers, this book presents a systematic exposition of the basic principles and methodologies involved in biomedical research. The book covers the entire research process from the conception of an idea, its development, investigation and execution and finally to its publication. Various research methodologies including study design and statistical approaches to data analysis are also discussed in detail. The importance of ethics and integrity in research is highlighted extensively. In addition, the book discusses relevant issues relating to the commercialization of research innovations and outlines the steps necessary for successful entrepreneurship.

Translational Research in Breast Cancer

Translational Research in Breast Cancer Book
Author : Dong-Young Noh,Wonshik Han,Masakazu Toi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-13
ISBN : 9813296208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes recent advances in translational research in breast cancer and presents emerging applications of this research that promise to have meaningful impacts on diagnosis and treatment. It introduces ideas and materials derived from the clinic that have been brought to "the bench" for basic research, as well as findings that have been applied back to "the bedside". Detailed attention is devoted to breast cancer biology and cell signaling pathways and to cancer stem cell and tumor heterogeneity in breast cancer. Various patient-derived research models are discussed, and a further focus is the role of biomarkers in precision medicine for breast cancer patients. Next-generation clinical research receives detailed attention, addressing the increasingly important role of big data in breast cancer research and a wide range of other emerging developments. An entire section is also devoted to the management of women with high-risk breast cancer. Translational Research in Breast Cancer will help clinicians and scientists to optimize their collaboration in order to achieve the common goal of conquering breast cancer.

Biomaterials in Translational Medicine

Biomaterials in Translational Medicine Book
Author : Lei Yang,Sarit Bhaduri,Thomas J. Webster
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-30
ISBN : 012813478X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomaterials in Translational Medicine delivers timely and detailed information on the latest advances in biomaterials and their role and impact in translational medicine. Key topics addressed include the properties and functions of these materials and how they might be applied for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Particular emphasis is placed on basic fundamentals, biomaterial formulations, design principles, fabrication techniques and transitioning bench-to-bed clinical applications. The book is an essential reference resource for researchers, clinicians, materials scientists, engineers and anyone involved in the future development of innovative biomaterials that drive advancement in translational medicine. Systematically introduces the fundamental principles, rationales and methodologies of creating or improving biomaterials in the context of translational medicine Includes the translational or commercialization status of these new biomaterials Provides the reader with enough background knowledge for a fundamental grip of the difficulties and technicalities of using biomaterial translational medicine Directs the reader on how to find other up-to-date sources (i.e. peer reviewed journals) in the field of translational medicine and biomaterials