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Designer Surfaces

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Designer Surfaces

Designer Surfaces Book
Author : Alexei A. Maradudin,Eugenio R. Méndez,Tamara A. Leskova
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-04-18
ISBN : 9780080559735
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designer Surfaces presents an approach to the design and fabrication of optical elements that are based on the use of one- or two-dimensional randomly rough surfaces to reflect or transmit light in specified ways. The reader is provided with an introduction to analytical methods for the solution of direct problems in rough surface scattering, and fabrication techniques. These can be useful in contexts outside the scope of this book. The advantages and disadvantages of this stochastic approach compared to the diffractive optics approach are discussed. Finally, experimental results that verify the predictions of the theories developed in this book are presented. Authority of authors The only book on the topic Derivations are given in detail, with many figures illustrating results

Inspiration and Design for Bio Inspired Surfaces in Tribology Emerging Research and Opportunities

Inspiration and Design for Bio Inspired Surfaces in Tribology  Emerging Research and Opportunities Book
Author : Abdel-Aal, Hisham
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2020-07-03
ISBN : 1799816494
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surface texturing has been recognized as a method for enhancing the tribological properties of surfaces for many years. Adding a controlled texture to one of two faces in relative motion can have many positive effects, such as reduction of friction and wear and increase in load capacity. To date, the true potential of texturing has not been realized due to the severe lack of detailed information about the mechanistic functional details of texturing in a tribological situation. Inspiration and Design for Bio-Inspired Surfaces in Tribology: Emerging Research and Opportunities is a pivotal reference source that focuses on surface engineering techniques to mimic biological materials. Highlighting a broad range of topics including bio-mimetics, contact analysis, and thermodynamics, this book is ideally designed for engineers, environmentalists, academicians, researchers, and students.

Surfaces

Surfaces Book
Author : Judy A. Juracek
Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
Release : 1996
ISBN : 9780393730074
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Looking for images of architectural materials? Surfaces offers over 1,200 outstanding, vibrantly colorful visual images of surface textures - wood, stone, marble, brick, plaster, stucco, aggregates, metal, tile, and glass - ready to be used in your designs, presentations, or comps, as backgrounds or for general visual information. Photographed by a designer for designers, these pictures show specific materials and how they change with time, weather, wear, and different lighting. Each section offers general views of the material, a gallery of commonly used or manufactured samples, and hundreds of specimens showing types and finishes in architectural settings. Captions provide information about the physical properties, dimensions, construction techniques, specific varieties of the material, and types and styles of treatments. Interviews with eight design professionals provide practical advice on how they approach visual research, and a comprehensive glossary of visual and technical terms offers a vocabulary for professional communication. An index of subject matter and materials makes it easy to find just the image you need. CD-ROM included: easy-to-use screen resolution TIFF files of every image!

Designing Fair Curves and Surfaces

Designing Fair Curves and Surfaces Book
Author : Nickolas S. Sapidis
Publisher : SIAM
Release : 1994-01-01
ISBN : 0898713323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The authors define fairness mathematically, demonstrate how newly developed curve and surface schemes guarantee fairness, and assist the user in identifying and removing shape aberrations in a surface model without destroying the principal shape characteristics of the model. A valuable resource for engineers working in CAD, CAM, or computer-aided engineering.

Intelligent Surfaces in Biotechnology

Intelligent Surfaces in Biotechnology Book
Author : H. Michelle Grandin,Marcus Textor
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-02-28
ISBN : 0470536500
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book gives a comprehensive overview of surface modifications for applications in biotechnology using intelligent coatings from metals to plastics, including materials chemical properties, characterization methods, coating techniques, state-of-the-art examples, and an outlook on the promising future of this technology. It enables the interested materials scientist, chemist, or engineer to gain a comprehensive overview of the field, highlighting applications of high-impact, with each chapter being written by an expert in that particular area"--

Surfaces and Their Measurement

Surfaces and Their Measurement Book
Author : David J. Whitehouse
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2004-07-20
ISBN : 9781903996607
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The importance of surface metrology has long been acknowledged in manufacturing and mechanical engineering, but has now gained growing recognition in an expanding number of new applications in fields such as semiconductors, electronics and optics. Metrology is the scientific study of measurement, and surface metrology is the study of the measurement of rough surfaces. In this book, Professor David Whitehouse, an internationally acknowledged subject expert, covers the wide range of theory and practice, including the use of new methods of instrumentation. · Written by one of the world's leading metrologists · Covers electronics and optics applications as well as mechanical · Written for mechanical and manufacturing engineers, tribologists and precision engineers in industry and academia

Frequency Selective Surfaces

Frequency Selective Surfaces Book
Author : Ben A. Munk
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2005-03-11
ISBN : 0471723762
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"...Ben has been the world-wide guru of this technology, providingsupport to applications of all types. His genius lies in handlingthe extremely complex mathematics, while at the same time seeingthe practical matters involved in applying the results. As thisbook clearly shows, Ben is able to relate to novices interested inusing frequency selective surfaces and to explain technical detailsin an understandable way, liberally spiced with his special brandof humor... Ben Munk has written a book that represents the epitomeof practical understanding of Frequency Selective Surfaces. Hedeserves all honors that might befall him for this achievement."-William F. Bahret. Mr. W. Bahret was with the United States Air Force but is nowretired. From the early 50s he sponsored numerous projectsconcerning Radar Cross Section of airborne platforms in particularantennas and absorbers. Under his leadership grew many of theconcepts used extensively today, as for example the metallicradome. In fact, he is by many considered to be the father ofstealth technology. "This book compiles under one cover most of Munk's research overthe past three decades. It is woven with the physical insight thathe has gained and further developed as his career has grown. Benuses mathematics to whatever extent is needed, and only as needed.This material is written so that it should be useful to engineerswith a background in electromagnetics. I strongly recommend thisbook to any engineer with any interest in phased arrays and/orfrequency selective surfaces. The physical insight that may begained from this book will enhance their ability to treatadditional array problems of their own." -Leon Peters, Jr. Professor Leon Peters, Jr., was a professor at the Ohio StateUniversity but is now retired. From the early sixties he worked on,among many other things, RCS problems involving antennas andabsorbers. This book presents the complete derivation of the Periodic Methodof Moments, which enables the reader to calculate quickly andefficiently the transmission and reflection properties ofmulti-layered Frequency Selective Surfaces comprised of either wireand/or slot elements of arbitrary shape and located in a stratifiedmedium. However, it also gives the reader the tools to analyzemulti-layered FSS's leading to specific designs of the veryimportant Hybrid Radome, which is characterized by constant bandwidth with angle of incidence and polarization. Further, itinvestigates in great detail bandstop filters with large as well asnarrow bandwidth (dichroic surfaces). It also discusses for thefirst time, lossy elements used in producing Circuit Analogabsorbers. Finally, the last chapter deals with power breakdown ofFSS's when exposed to pulsed signals with high peak power. The approach followed by most other presentations simply consistsof expanding the fields around the FSS, matching the boundaryconditions and writing a computer program. While this enables theuser to obtain calculated results, it gives very little physicalinsight and no help in how to design actual multi-layered FSS's. Incontrast, the approach used in this title analyzes all curves ofdesired shapes. In particular, it discusses in great detail how toproduce radomes made of FSS's located in a stratified medium(Hybrid Radomes), with constant band width for all angles ofincidence and polarizations. Numerous examples are given of greatpractical interest. More specifically, Chapter 7 deals with thetheory and design of bandpass radomes with constant bandwidth andflat tops. Examples are given for mono-, bi- and tri-planardesigns. Chapter 8 deals with bandstop filters with broad as wellas narrow bandwidth. Chapter 9 deals with multi-layered FSS oflossy elements, namely the so-called Circuit Analog Absorbers,designed to yield outstanding absorption with more than a decade ofbandwidth. Features material previously labeled as classified by the UnitedStates Air Force.

Designer s Guide to Surfaces and Finishes

Designer s Guide to Surfaces and Finishes Book
Author : Penny Radford
Publisher : Watson-Guptill Publications
Release : 1991
ISBN : 9780823013111
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A guide to the materials, tools and techniques used to treat or refinish walls, floors, ceilings and windows. Topics covered include finish techniques such as antiquing and trompe l'oeil, and how to prepare walls and surfaces for any of the treatments chosen.

Frontiers of Tribology

Frontiers of Tribology Book
Author : Roberts
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1992-01-01
ISBN : 9780750301909
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Topics addressed at the April 1991 conference held in Stratford-upon- Avon, UK, and sponsored by the Tribology Group of the Institute of Physics (UK), include adhesion, boundary lubrication, friction, fluid film lubrication, surface analysis, lubricant additives, and other physical aspects, with particular focus on underlying mechanisms. No index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Lens Design Fundamentals

Lens Design Fundamentals Book
Author : Rudolf Kingslake
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0080510094
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A large part of this book is devoted to a study of possible design procedures for various types of lens or mirror systems, with fully worked examples of each. The reader is urged to follow the logic of these examples and be sure that he understands what is happening, noticing particularly how each available degree of freedom is used to control one aberration. Not every type of lens has been considered, of course, but the design techniques illustrated here can readily be applied to the design of other more complex systems. It is assumed that the reader has access to a small computer to help with the ray tracing, otherwise he may find the computations so time-consuming that he is liable to lose track of what he is trying to accomplish.

Curves and Surfaces for CAGD

Curves and Surfaces for CAGD Book
Author : Gerald E. Farin
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release : 2002
ISBN : 1558607374
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This fifth edition has been fully updated to cover the many advances made in CAGD and curve and surface theory since 1997, when the fourth edition appeared. Material has been restructured into theory and applications chapters. The theory material has been streamlined using the blossoming approach; the applications material includes least squares techniques in addition to the traditional interpolation methods. In all other respects, it is, thankfully, the same. This means you get the informal, friendly style and unique approach that has made Curves and Surfaces for CAGD: A Practical Guide a true classic. The book's unified treatment of all significant methods of curve and surface design is heavily focused on the movement from theory to application. The author provides complete C implementations of many of the theories he discusses, ranging from the traditional to the leading-edge. You'll gain a deep, practical understanding of their advantages, disadvantages, and interrelationships, and in the process you'll see why this book has emerged as a proven resource for thousands of other professionals and academics. * Provides authoritative and accessible information for those working with or developing computer-aided geometric design applications. * Covers all significant CAGD curve and surface design techniques-from the traditional to the experimental. * Includes a new chapter on recursive subdivision and triangular meshes. * Presents topical programming exercises useful to professionals and students alike. * Offers complete C implementations of many of the book's examples via a companion Web site.

Supported Ionic Liquids

Supported Ionic Liquids Book
Author : Rasmus Fehrmann,Anders Riisager,Marco Haumann
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-12-13
ISBN : 3527654801
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique book gives a timely overview about the fundamentals and applications of supported ionic liquids in modern organic synthesis. It introduces the concept and synthesis of SILP materials and presents important applications in the field of catalysis (e.g. hydroformylation, hydrogenation, coupling reactions, fine chemical synthesis) as well as energy technology and gas separation. Written by pioneers in the field, this book is an invaluable reference book for organic chemists in academia or industry.

Designing With Light

Designing With Light Book
Author : Jason Livingston
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-10-23
ISBN : 1118740394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive introduction to the theory and practice of lighting design Designing With Light: The Art, Science, and Practice of Architectural Lighting Design is a comprehensive introduction to the intelligent use of lighting to define and enhance a space. The book explores all aspects of the process, including aesthetics, technology, and practicalities, in a clear, concise manner designed to provide the reader with a full working knowledge of lighting design. Color illustrations throughout demonstrate the real-world effects of the concepts presented, and the companion website offers video animations and exercises to better illuminate the art and science of lighting. The book addresses the considerations that should be a part of any designer's process, and provides thorough guidance on meeting the various demands with smarter design. Lighting is an essential element of interior design, and despite its ubiquity, is difficult to truly master. A designer with a fundamental and conceptual understanding of light is empowered to create simple, typical spaces, or work intelligently with lighting consultants on more complex projects. Designing With Light contains special discussions on color, light, and health, as well as the latest information on energy efficient lighting, control systems, and other technologies. Topics include: Physics, psychology, and perception of light Current and future lighting technology Communication, documentation, and the design process Sustainability, daylighting, and energy efficiency The book also contains an entire chapter on building and energy codes, as well as practical guidance on photometrics and calculations. Lighting can make or break an otherwise well-designed space, so designers need the background to be able to think intelligently about illumination factors during all stages of the process. With comprehensive coverage and thorough explanation, Designing With Light is a complete resource for students and professionals alike.

Biosensors for Direct Monitoring of Environmental Pollutants in Field

Biosensors for Direct Monitoring of Environmental Pollutants in Field Book
Author : D.P. Nikolelis,Ulrich J. Krull,Joseph Wang,Marco Mascini
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 9401589739
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biosensors offer clear and distinct advantages over standard analytical methods for the direct monitoring of environmental pollutants in the field, such as real-time detection with minimum sample preparation and handling. The present book highlights recent advantages that will be of great value to a range of scientists, researchers and students dealing with analytical and environmental chemistry and biosensor technology. It presents recent trends in analytical methodology for the determination of indoor and outdoor pollutants, advances in DNA, biological and recognition-based sensors, examples of biosensors for use in field and water analysis, biosensors based on non-aqueous systems, and recent advances in the miniaturisation and micromachining of biosensors.

Curve and Surface Design

Curve and Surface Design Book
Author : Hans Hagen
Publisher : SIAM
Release : 1992-01-01
ISBN : 0898712815
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection of ideas and results on topics of curve and surface design is intended for research in the academic environment as well as for practical use in industrial applications. Main emphasis is on minimal energy splines and geometric spline curves, and on techniques beyond tensor product surfaces.

CAD CAM in Practice

CAD CAM in Practice Book
Author : A.J. Medland
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401171203
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Little more than a decade ago computer-aided design and manufacture (CAD/CAM) was a very esoteric field indeed, not one that was of much practical concern to a manager or industrialist unless his business was on the scale of, say, a major automobile manufacturer or in a field of high technology such as aerospace. Like so much else, this situation was revo lutionized by the invention of the silicon chip, the arrival of the micro processor and the dramatic fall in the cost of computer hardware. Today, CAD/CAM has spread down the market, and down the price scale, to the point at which it is both a feasible and an affordable technology for a wide range of small-and medium-sized companies in areas as various as architec ture and general engineering, plastic moulding and consumer electronics. But the explosion - there is no other word for it - in the variety and capabilities of CAD/CAM systems, and their spectacular climb to the top of the hi-tech hit parade, has placed the potential purchaser and user of the new technology in a difficult position. On the one hand he is assured, not least by the manufacturers of CAD/CAM equipment, that a failure to invest in it will leave his company stranded in the industrial Stone Age.

Tribological Modeling for Mechanical Designers

Tribological Modeling for Mechanical Designers Book
Author : K. C. Ludema,Raymond George Bayer
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1991
ISBN : 9780803114128
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thirteen papers from a symposium on [title] held in San Francisco, May 1990, are presented in chapters on: what mechanical designers need in tribological modeling, what is available in tribological models, data base and simulation issues for tribological modeling, and principles of model making and

Simulated Evolution and Learning

Simulated Evolution and Learning Book
Author : Bob McKay,Xin Yao,Charles S. Newton,Jong-Hwan Kim,Takeshi Furuhashi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1999-05-26
ISBN : 3540659072
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed post-workshop proceedings of the Second Asia-Pacific Conference on Simulated Evolution and Learning, SEAL '98, held in Canberra, Australia in November 1998. The 59 revised papers presented were carefully selected during two rounds of reviewing from a total of initially 92 submissions. The book covers a wide range of topics in simulated evolution and learning, from self-adaption to dynamic modelling, from reinforcement learning to agent systems, from evolutionary games to evolutionary economics, from theoretical results to successful applications, etc.

Subdivision Surfaces

Subdivision Surfaces Book
Author : Jörg Peters,Ulrich Reif
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-08-24
ISBN : 3540764062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since their first appearance in 1974, subdivision algorithms for generating surfaces of arbitrary topology have gained widespread popularity in computer graphics and are being evaluated in engineering applications. This development was complemented by ongoing efforts to develop appropriate mathematical tools for a thorough analysis, and today, many of the fascinating properties of subdivision are well understood. This book summarizes the current knowledge on the subject. It contains both meanwhile classical results as well as brand-new, unpublished material, such as a new framework for constructing C^2-algorithms. The focus of the book is on the development of a comprehensive mathematical theory, and less on algorithmic aspects. It is intended to serve researchers and engineers - both new to the beauty of the subject - as well as experts, academic teachers and graduate students or, in short, anybody who is interested in the foundations of this flourishing branch of applied geometry.

Geometric Modeling and Reasoning of Human Centered Freeform Products

Geometric Modeling and Reasoning of Human Centered Freeform Products Book
Author : Charlie C. L. Wang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-08-11
ISBN : 1447143604
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The recent trend in user-customized product design requires the shape of products to be automatically adjusted according to the human body’s shape, so that people will feel more comfortable when wearing these products. Geometric approaches can be used to design the freeform shape of products worn by people, which can greatly improve the efficiency of design processes in various industries involving customized products (e.g., garment design, toy design, jewel design, shoe design, and design of medical devices, etc.). These products are usually composed of very complex geometric shapes (represented by free-form surfaces), and are not driven by a parameter table but a digital human model with free-form shapes or part of human bodies (e.g., wrist, foot, and head models). Geometric Modeling and Reasoning of Human-Centered Freeform Products introduces the algorithms of human body reconstruction, freeform product modeling, constraining and reconstructing freeform products, and shape optimization for improving the manufacturability of freeform products. Based on these techniques, the design automation problem for human-centered freeform products can be fundamentally solved. Researchers and developers working on problems of automatic designing individually customized products can use this book as a reference, and it can also be used in courses in computer-aided product design at the graduate level.