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Design And Applications Of Nanostructured Polymer Blends And Nanocomposite Systems

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Design and Applications of Nanostructured Polymer Blends and Nanocomposite Systems

Design and Applications of Nanostructured Polymer Blends and Nanocomposite Systems Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Robert Shanks,Sarath Chandran
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2015-09-22
ISBN : 032339454X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Design and Applications of Nanostructured Polymer Blend and Nanocomposite Systems offers readers an intelligent, thorough introduction to the design and applications of this new generation of designer polymers with customized properties. The book assembles and covers, in a unified way, the state-of-the-art developments of this less explored type of material. With a focus on nanostructured polymer blends, the book discusses the science of nanostructure formation and the potential performance benefits of nanostructured polymer blends and composites for applications across many sectors: electronics, coatings, adhesives, energy (photovoltaics), aerospace, automotive, and medical devices (biocompatible polymers). The book also describes the design, morphology, and structure of nanostructured polymer composites and blends to achieve specific properties. Covers all important information for designing and selecting the right nanostructured polymer system Provides specialized knowledge on self-repairing, nanofibre and nanostructured multiphase materials, as well as evaluation and testing of nanostructured polymer systems Serves as a reference guide for development of new products in industries ranging from electronics, coatings, and energy, to transport and medical applications Describes the design, morphology, and structure of nanostructured polymer composites and blends to achieve specific properties

Nanostructured Polymer Blends

Nanostructured Polymer Blends Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Robert Shanks,Sarath Chandran
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 1455731609
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over 30% of commercial polymers are blends or alloys or one kind or another. Nanostructured blends offer the scientist or plastics engineer a new range of possibilities with characteristics including thermodynamic stablility; the potential to improve material transparency, creep and solvent resistance; the potential to simultaneously increase tensile strength and ductility; superior rheological properties; and relatively low cost. Nanostructured Polymer Blends opens up immense structural possibilities via chemical and mechanical modifications that generate novel properties and functions and high-performance characteristics at a low cost. The emerging applications of these new materials cover a wide range of industry sectors, encompassing the coatings and adhesives industry, electronics, energy (photovoltaics), aerospace and medical devices (where polymer blends provide innovations in biocompatible materials). This book explains the science of nanostructure formation and the nature of interphase formations, demystifies the design of nanostructured blends to achieve specific properties, and introduces the applications for this important new class of nanomaterial. All the key topics related to recent advances in blends are covered: IPNs, phase morphologies, composites and nanocomposites, nanostructure formation, the chemistry and structure of additives, etc. Introduces the science and technology of nanostructured polymer blends – and the procedures involved in melt blending and chemical blending to produce new materials with specific performance characteristics Unlocks the potential of nanostructured polymer blends for applications across sectors, including electronics, energy/photovoltaics, aerospace/automotive, and medical devices (biocompatible polymers) Explains the performance benefits in areas including rheological properties, thermodynamic stablility, material transparency, solvent resistance, etc.

Micro and Nano Fibrillar Composites MFCs and NFCs from Polymer Blends

Micro and Nano Fibrillar Composites  MFCs and NFCs  from Polymer Blends Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Raghvendra Mishra,Nandakumar Kalarikkal
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-06-19
ISBN : 0081019920
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Micro and Nano Fibrillar Composites (MFCs and NFCs) from Polymer Blends is a comprehensive reference for researchers, students and scientists working in the field of plastics recycling and composites. The book aims to determine the influence of micro and nanofibrillar morphology on the properties of immiscible blend systems. Chapters cover micro and nanofibrillar composites based on polyolefin, liquid crystal polymer, biodegradable polymers, polyester and polyamide blends in various industrial application fields. The book brings together panels of highly-accomplished experts in the field of plastics recycling, blends and composites systems. For several decades, plastic technology has played an important role in many industrial applications, such as packaging, automobiles, aerospace and construction. However the increasing use of plastics creates a lot of waste. This has led to restrictions on the use of some plastics for certain applications and a drive towards recycling of plastics. More recently, microfibrillar in-situ composites have been prepared from waste plastics such as PET/PP, PET/PE and Nylon/PP as a way of formulating new high performance polymer systems. This book tackles these issues and more, and is an ideal resource for anyone interested in polymer blends. Provides information on MFC and NFC based polymer blends that have been accumulated over the last 25 years, providing a useful reference Adopts a novel approach in terms of understanding the relationship between processing, morphology, structure, properties and applications in micro and nanofibrillar composites Contains contributions from leading experts in the field from both industrial and academic research

Conducting Polymer Based Nanocomposites

Conducting Polymer Based Nanocomposites Book
Author : Ayesha Kausar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-03
ISBN : 0128224649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conducting Polymer-Based Nanocomposites: Fundamentals and Applications delivers an up-to-date overview on cutting-edge advancements in the field of nanocomposites derived from conjugated polymeric matrices. Design of conducting polymers and resultant nanocomposites has instigated significant addition in the field of modern nanoscience and technology. Recently, conducting polymer-based nanocomposites have attracted considerable academic and industrial research interest. The conductivity and physical properties of conjugated polymers have shown dramatic improvement with nanofiller addition. Appropriate fabrication strategies and the choice of a nanoreinforcement, along with a conducting matrix, may lead to enhanced physicochemical features and material performance. Substantial electrical conductivity, optical features, thermal stability, thermal conductivity, mechanical strength, and other physical properties of the conducting polymer-based nanocomposites have led to high-performance materials and high-tech devices and applications. This book begins with a widespread impression of state-of-the-art knowledge in indispensable features and processing of conducting polymer-based nanocomposites. It then discusses essential categories of conducting polymer-based nanocomposites such as polyaniline, polypyrrole, polythiophene, and derived nanomaterials. Subsequent sections of this book are related to the potential impact of conducting polymer-based nanocomposites in various technical fields. Significant application areas have been identified for anti-corrosion, EMI shielding, sensing, and energy device relevance. Finally, the book covers predictable challenges and future opportunities in the field of conjugated nanocomposites. Integrates the fundamentals of conducting polymers and a range of multifunctional applications Describes categories of essential conducting polymer-based nanocomposites for polyaniline, polypyrrole, polythiophene, and derivative materials Assimilates the significance of multifunctional nanostructured materials of nanocomposite nanofibers Portrays current and future demanding technological applications of conjugated polymer-based nanocomposites, including anti-corrosion coatings, EMI shielding, sensors, and energy production and storage devices

Feedstock Technology for Reactive Metal Injection Molding

Feedstock Technology for Reactive Metal Injection Molding Book
Author : Peng Cao,Muhammad Dilawer Hayat
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-06-16
ISBN : 0128175028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Feedstock Technology for Reactive Metal Injection Molding: Process, Design, and Application provides an authoritative guide on the basics of feedstock technology and the latest developments in binders for titanium metal injection moulding and their potential implications. In addition, the book presents challenges that MIM technology of reactive metals is currently facing and potential solutions for commercial success. As both commercial growth and research development are fundamentally driven by the economics of manufacture, this book presents the problems and potential solutions regarding reactive metals, making it a valuable resource for engineers intending to utilize MIM in commercial product design. Provides comprehensive details and case studies on the feedstocks currently under extensive development, in research and in the commercial domain Discusses the most recent developments of binder chemistry and design, along with the most critical challenges in MIM technology Includes comprehensive evaluations with regard to feedstock characterization and impurity control

Design of Nanostructures for Versatile Therapeutic Applications

Design of Nanostructures for Versatile Therapeutic Applications Book
Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2018-02-03
ISBN : 0128136685
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Design of Nanostructures for Versatile Therapeutic Applications focuses on antimicrobial, antioxidant and nutraceutical applications of nanostructured materials. Many books discuss these subjects, but not from a pharmaceutical point-of-view. This book covers novel approaches related to the modulation of microbial biofilms, antimicrobial therapy and encapsulate polyphenols as antioxidants. Written by an internationally diverse group of academics, this book is an important reference resource for researchers, both in biomaterials science and the pharmaceutical industry. Assesses the most recently developed nanostructures that have potential antimicrobial properties, explaining their novel mechanical aspects Shows how nanoantibiotics can be used to more effectively treat disease Provides a cogent summary of recent developments in nanoantimicrobial discovery, allowing readers to quickly familiarize themselves with the topic

Multiphase Polymer Systems

Multiphase Polymer Systems Book
Author : Andreea Irina Barzic,Silvia Ioan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-09-19
ISBN : 149875564X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phase morphology in multicomponent polymer-based systems represents the main physical characteristic that allows for control of the material design and implicitly the development of new plastics. Emphasizing properties of these promising new materials in both solution and solid phase, this book describes the preparation, processing, properties, and practical implications of advanced multiphase systems from macro to nanoscales. It covers a wide range of systems including copolymers, polymer blends, polymer composites, gels, interpenetrating polymers, and layered polymer/metal structures, describing aspects of polymer science, engineering, and technology. The book analyzes experimental and theoretical aspects regarding the thermal and electrical transport phenomena and magnetic properties of crucial importance in advanced technologies. It reviews the most recent advances concerning morphological, rheological, interfacial, physical, fire-resistant, thermophysical, and biomedical properties of multiphase polymer systems. Concomitantly the book deals with basic investigation techniques that are sensitive in elucidating the features of each phase. It also discusses the latest research trends that offer new solutions for advanced bio- and nanotechnologies. Introduces an overview of recent studies in the area of multiphase polymer systems, their micro- and nanostructural evolutions in advanced technologies, and provides future outlooks, new challenges and opportunities. Discusses multicomponent structures that offer enhanced physical, mechanical, thermal, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties adapted to current requirements of modern technologies. Covers a wide range of materials, such as composites, blends, alloys, gels and interpenetrating polymer networks. Presents new strategies for controlling the micro- and nanomorphology and the mechanical properties of multiphase polymeric materials. Describes different applications of multiphase polymeric materials in various fields, including automotive, aeronautics and space industry, displays, and medicine.

Nano size Polymers

Nano size Polymers Book
Author : Stoyko Fakirov
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-01
ISBN : 331939715X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book details all current techniques for converting bulk polymers into nano-size materials. The authors highlight various physical and chemical approaches for preparation of nano-size polymers. They describe the properties of these materials and their extensive potential commercial applications.

Environmental Applications of Carbon Nanomaterials Based Devices

Environmental Applications of Carbon Nanomaterials Based Devices Book
Author : Shadpour Mallakpour,Chaudery M. Hussain
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-11-15
ISBN : 3527348654
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Applications of Carbon Nanomaterials-Based Devices Explore this insightful treatment of the function and fabrication of high-performance devices for environmental applications Environmental Applications of Carbon Nanomaterials-Based Devices delivers an overview of state-of-the-art technology in functionalized carbon nanomaterials-based devices for environmental applications. The book provides a powerful foundation, based in materials science, on functionalized carbon nanomaterials in general, and environmental science and device fabrication in particular. The book focuses on the chemical and physical methods of functionalization of carbon nanomaterials and the technology of device fabrication, including lab-on-a-chip approaches and applications such as wastewater purification and gas sensing. It provides readers with a thorough understanding of effective environmental remediation techniques performed with carbon nanomaterials-based devices. In addition to topics such as cross-linked graphene oxide membranes assembled with graphene oxide nanosheets, free-standing graphene oxide-chitin nanocrystal composite membranes for dye adsorption and oil/water separation, and in-situ grown covalent organic framework nanosheets on graphene for membrane-based dye/salt separation, readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to charge-gated ion transport through polyelectrolyte intercalated amine reduced graphene oxide membranes An exploration of hydrotalcite/graphene oxide hybrid nanosheets functionalized nanofiltration membrane for desalination A discussion of the incorporation of attapulgite nanorods into graphene oxide nanofiltration membranes for efficient dyes wastewater treatment An examination of attapulgite nanofibers and graphene oxide composite membranes for high-performance molecular separation Perfect for materials scientists, analytical chemists, and environmental chemists, Environmental Applications of Carbon Nanomaterials-Based Devices will also earn a place in the libraries of sensor developers seeking a one-stop resource for high-performance devices and sensors useful for environmental applications.

Handbook of Nucleating Agents

Handbook of Nucleating Agents Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-01
ISBN : 1927885825
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analyzes the existing literature and provides guidance on optimal selection of nucleating agents in order to increase production rates, improve the mechanical performance, and reduce the haze of polymeric products

Water Engineering Modeling and Mathematic Tools

Water Engineering Modeling and Mathematic Tools Book
Author : Pijush Samui,Hossein Bonakdari,Ravinesh Deo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-05
ISBN : 0128208775
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water Engineering Modeling and Mathematic Tools provides an informative resource for practitioners who want to learn more about different techniques and models in water engineering and their practical applications and case studies. The book provides modelling theories in an easy-to-read format verified with on-site models for specific regions and scenarios. Users will find this to be a significant contribution to the development of mathematical tools, experimental techniques, and data-driven models that support modern-day water engineering applications. Civil engineers, industrialists, and water management experts should be familiar with advanced techniques that can be used to improve existing systems in water engineering. This book provides key ideas on recently developed machine learning methods and AI modelling. It will serve as a common platform for practitioners who need to become familiar with the latest developments of computational techniques in water engineering. Includes firsthand experience about artificial intelligence models, utilizing case studies Describes biological, physical and chemical techniques for the treatment of surface water, groundwater, sea water and rain/snow Presents the application of new instruments in water engineering

Applications of Nanocomposite Materials in Drug Delivery

Applications of Nanocomposite Materials in Drug Delivery Book
Author : Dr Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Asiri,Ali Mohammad
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-06-18
ISBN : 0128137584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applications of Nanocomposite in Drug Delivery discusses and explores the applications of nanocomposites in the area of drug delivery. Starting with a scientific understanding of drug delivery fundamentals, the book explores the utility of nanocomposites in the area of controlled, transdermal, osteo-articular tuberculosis and stimulus sensitive drug delivery applications. The book intricately details and discusses a variety of methods for their preparation, while also highlighting specific applications of nanocomposites in targeted drug delivery. Discusses nanocomposite and nanotechnology for drug delivery Outlines the mechanisms involved in targeted drug delivery using nanocomposites Includes synthesis methods for nanocomposites used in controlled drug delivery Lists various applications of nanocomposites in drug delivery

Nanostructured Polymer Blends

Nanostructured Polymer Blends Book
Author : Kokkarachedu Varaprasad,Emmanuel Rotimi Sadiku,Koduri Ramam,Jaragula Jayaramudu,G. Siva Mohan Reddy
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 0128090855
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured hydrogels represent a unique class of materials that synergizes the advantageous features of hydrogels. Research into nanostructured hydrogels for biomedical applications has seen great progress in recent years owing to their unlimited potential to advance human health. The development of nanotechnology provides opportunities to characterize, manipulate, and organize matter systematically at the nanometer scale. This is because nanostructured systems in general and nanostructured polymer hydrogels in particular have noble advantages as transporters for a wide range of drugs and tissue engineering scaffolds for biomedical (therapeutic) applications. This chapter explains the design and development of different nanostructured hydrogels and their applications in the biomedical field.

Nanostructured Polymer Blends

Nanostructured Polymer Blends Book
Author : Antonella Macagnano
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 0128090901
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The exceptional properties of nanoheterogeneous materials result both from the nature of each component, the size scale, the degree of mixing between the two phases, and the surface area-to-volume ratio. Therefore, significant performances of the resulting materials can be reached by tailoring the interfaces. Due to their features, nanoheterogeneous materials have been involved in a plethora of niche markets linked, for instance, to new generations of smart textiles, photovoltaic and fuel cells, antennas and satellite communications, optoelectronics, new catalysts and coatings, smart therapeutic vectors with controlled drug delivery properties, new ultrasensitive sensors, cosmetics, smart papers, and so on. The chapter is an overview of the current state of knowledge in processing, manufacturing, characterization, and potential applications of the most common polymer nanocomposites, with a special attention to their utilizations in gas sensing.

Nanostructured Polymer Composites for Biomedical Applications

Nanostructured Polymer Composites for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Sarat Kumar Swain,Mohammad Jawaid
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 0128168927
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured Polymer Composites for Biomedical Applications addresses the challenges researchers face regarding the creation of nanostructured polymer composites that not only have superior performance and mechanical properties, but also have acceptable biological function. This book discusses current efforts to meet this challenge by discussing the multidisciplinary nature of nanostructured polymer composite biomaterials from various fields, including materials science, polymer science, biomedical engineering and biomedicine. This compilation of existing knowledge will lead to the generation of new terminology and definitions across individual disciplines. As such, this book will help researchers and engineers develop new products and devices for use in effective medical treatment. Summarizes the most recent strategies to develop nanostructured polymer composite biomaterials for biomedicine Outlines the major preparation and characterization techniques for a range of polymer nanocomposites used in biomedicine Explores the design of new types of nanostructured polymer composites for applications in drug delivery, tissue engineering, gene therapy and bone replacement

Micro and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems

Micro  and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems Book
Author : Charef Harrats,Sabu Thomas,Gabriel Groeninckx
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-09-29
ISBN : 1420026542
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Micro- and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems: Phase Morphology and Interfaces focuses on the formation of phase morphology in polymer blends and copolymers and considers various types of blends including thermosets, thermoplastics, thermoplastic vulcanizates, and structured copolymers. The book carefully debates the processing

Nanostructured Polymer Blends

Nanostructured Polymer Blends Book
Author : Sérgio Roberto Montoro,Simone de Fátima Medeiros,Gizelda Maria Alves
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 0128090871
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer systems can be developed into a variety of functional forms to meet industrial and scientific applications. In general, they are presented in four common physical forms: (1) linear free chains in solution, (2) covalently or physically cross-linked reversible gels, (3) micro and nanoparticles, and (4) chains adsorbed or in surface-grafted form. Hydrogels are polymeric particles consisting of water-soluble polymer chains, chemically or physically connected using, in general, a cross-linking agent. These materials do not dissolve in water but may swell considerably in aqueous medium, demonstrating an extraordinary ability (>20%) to absorb water into the reticulated structure. Such features make these materials promising tools in the biomedical field, especially as controlled drug release systems. This chapter describes recent progress in the development and applications of polymeric nanostructured hydrogels, mainly in the context of biomedical devices. Additionally, it reports the significant advances in synthesis and characterization strategies of these materials. Special attention is devoted to smart or stimuli-responsive bionanogels, which mimic the property of living systems responding to environmental changes such as pH, temperature, light, pressure, electric field, chemicals, or ionic strength, or a combination of different stimuli. Consequently, these bionanogels offer an efficient solution to various biomedical limitations in the field of drug administration.

Micro and Nanostructured Polymer Systems

Micro  and Nanostructured Polymer Systems Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Robert Shanks,Jithin Joy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-01-05
ISBN : 1498721591
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the recent trends in micro- and nano-structured polymer systems, particularly natural polymers, biopolymers, biomaterials, and their composites, blends, and IPNs. This valuable volume covers the occurrence, synthesis, isolation, production, properties and applications, modification, as well as the relevant analysis techniques to reveal the structures and properties of polymer systems. Biobased polymer blends and composites occupy a unique position in the dynamic world of new biomaterials. The growing need for lubricious coatings and surfaces in medical devices—an outcome of the move from invasive to noninvasive medicines and procedures—is playing a major role in the advancement of biomaterials technology. Natural polymers have attained their cutting-edge technology through various platforms, and this book presents a multitude of information about them. Topics include biopolymer–synthetic systems, nanomaterial–polymer structures, multi-characterization techniques, polymer blends and composites, polymer gels and polyelectrolytes, and many other interesting aspects of interests to researchers. This book will be valuable to scientists, physicians, pharmacists, engineers, and other specialists in a variety of disciplines, both academic and industrial.

Unsaturated Polyester Resins

Unsaturated Polyester Resins Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Mahesh Hosur,Cintil Jose Chirayil
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-07-11
ISBN : 0128163038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unsaturated Polyester Resins: Fundamentals, Design, Fabrication, and Applications explains the preparation, techniques and applications relating to the use of unsaturated polyester resin systems for blends, interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs), gels, composites and nanocomposites, enabling readers to understand and utilize the improved material properties that UPRs facilitate. Chapters cover unsaturated polyester resins and their interaction at the macro, micro and nano levels, in-depth studies on the properties and analysis of UPR based materials, and the applications of UPR based composites, blends, IPNs and gels across a range of advanced commercial and industrial fields. This is a highly detailed source of information on unsaturated polyester resins, supporting academics, researchers and postgraduate students working with UPRs, polyesters, polymeric or composite materials, polymer chemistry, polymer physics, and materials science, as well as scientists, R&D professionals and engineers in industry. Covers the use of unsaturated polyester resin systems for blends, IPNs, gels, composites and nanocomposites Presents cutting-edge techniques for the analysis and improvement of properties of advanced UPR-based materials Unlocks the potential of unsaturated polyester resins in high-performance materials for a range of advanced applications