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Degradation Rate Of Bioresorbable Materials

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Degradation Rate of Bioresorbable Materials

Degradation Rate of Bioresorbable Materials Book
Author : F J Buchanan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-09-26
ISBN : 1845695038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioresorbable materials are extensively used for a wide range of biomedical applications from drug delivery to fracture fixation, and may remain in the body for weeks, months or even years. Accurately predicting and evaluating the degradation rate of these materials is critical to their performance and the controlled release of bioactive agents. Degradation rate of bioresorbable materials provides a comprehensive review of the most important techniques in safely predicting and evaluating the degradation rate of polymer, ceramic and composite based biomaterials. Part one provides an introductory review of bioresorbable materials and the biological environment of the body. Chapters in Part two address degradation mechanisms of commonly used materials such as polymers and ceramics. This is followed by chapters on bioresorption test methods and modelling techniques in Part three. Part four discusses factors influencing bioresorbability such as sterilisation, porosity and host response. The final section reviews current clinical applications of bioresorbable materials. With its distinguished editor and multidisciplinary team of international contributors, Degradation rate of bioresorbable materials: prediction and evaluation provides a unique and valuable reference for biomaterials scientists, engineers and students as well as the medical community. Comprehensively reviews the most pertinent techniques in safely predicting and evaluating the degradation rate of bioresorbable materials Addresses degradation mechanisms of commonly used materials Discusses factors influencing bioresorbability such as sterilisation and host response

Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices

Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices Book
Author : J Pan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-10-24
ISBN : 1782420258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of bioresorbable polymers in stents, fixation devices and tissue engineering is revolutionising medicine. Both industry and academic researchers are interested in using computer modelling to replace some experiments which are costly and time consuming. This book provides readers with a comprehensive review of modelling polymers and polymeric medical devices as an alternative to practical experiments. Chapters in part one provide readers with an overview of the fundamentals of biodegradation. Part two looks at a wide range of degradation theories for bioresorbable polymers and devices. The final set of chapters look at advances in modelling biodegradation of bioresorbable polymers. This book is an essential guide to those concerned with replacing tests and experiments with modelling. Provides a comprehensive mathematical framework for computer modelling of polymers and polymeric medical devices that can significantly reduce the number of experiments needed. Reviews the fundamental methods of modelling degradation, and applies these to particular materials including amorphous bioresorbable polyesters, semicrystalline biodegradable polyesters, and composite materials made of biodegradable polyesters and triclcium phosphates

Degradable Polymers

Degradable Polymers Book
Author : G. Scott
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9781402007903
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The emphasis in degradable polymers has changed since the first edition of this book. Biomedical and agricultural applications remain important topics of scientific and commercial interest in the second edition. However, an increased emphasis on composting as a means of recovering value from wastes has led to a new impetus to understand how plastics degrade in the environment and the implication of this for international standards. Polymers based on renewable resources are also a major topic in this edition but the debate continues about their long-term sustainability and ecological advantages over degradable man-made polymers. Degradable Polymers will be of interest not only to academic and industrial scientists working on packaging, agricultural and medical applications of plastics but also to students of environmental science and legislators concerned with the effects of man-made materials in the environment.

Degradation of Poly lactide based Biodegradable Materials

Degradation of Poly  lactide   based Biodegradable Materials Book
Author : Hideto Tsuji
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 2008-01-01
ISBN : 9781604565027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Poly (lactide), i.e., poly (lactic acid) (PLA) is a biodegradable polyester produced from renewable resources. Due to its high mechanical performance and very low toxicity, PLA is utilised for biomedical, pharmaceutical, ecological, industrial, and commodity applications. PLA is susceptible to various types of degradation, such as hydrolytic degradation in the human body and the environment, biodegradation and photodegradation in the environment, and thermal degradation during processing. In biomedical and pharmaceutical applications, the hydrolytic degradation mechanism and rate are crucial factors for determining its performance. In contrast, in most of the environmental, industrial, and commodity applications, an accurate adjustment of the degradation rate as accurate as in biomedical and pharmaceutical applications is not required, or degradation during use can cause a reduction in material performance. However, for recycling PLA to its monomers, information on the mechanism and rate of hydrolytic degradation and thermal degradation at elevated temperatures is indispensable. This book deals with the hydrolytic degradation, biodegradation, thermal degradation, and photodegradation of PLA-based materials with different material factors and degradation conditions or environments.

Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials Biodegradable Materials

Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials  Biodegradable Materials Book
Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Michael R. Kessler
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-02-17
ISBN : 1119224381
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Composites From Renewable Materials comprises a set of 8 individual volumes that brings an interdisciplinary perspective to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between the synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications and performance of these advanced materials. The handbook covers a multitude of natural polymers/ reinforcement/ fillers and biodegradable materials. Together, the 8 volumes total at least 5000 pages and offers a unique publication. This 5th volume Handbook is solely focused on Biodegradable Materials. Some of the important topics include but not limited to: Rice husk and its composites; biodegradable composites based on thermoplastic starch and talc nanoparticles; recent progress in biocomposites of biodegradable polymer; microbial polyesters: production and market; biodegradable and bio absorbable materials for osteosynthesis applications; biodegradable polymers in tissue engineering; composites based on hydroxyapatite and biodegradable polylactide; biodegradable composites; development of membranes from bio-based materials and their applications; green biodegradable composites based on natural fibers; fully biodegradable all-cellulose composites; natural fiber composites with bio-derivative and/or degradable polymers; synthetic biodegradable polymers for bone tissue engineering; polysaccharides as green biodegradable platforms for building-up electroactive composite materials; biodegradable polymer blends and composites from seaweeds; biocomposites scaffolds derived from renewable resources for bone tissue repair ; pectin-based composites; recent advances in conductive composites based on biodegradable polymers for regenerative medicine applications; biosynthesis of PHAs and their biomedical applications; biodegradable soy protein isolate/poly (vinyl alcohol) packaging films and biodegradability of bio-based polymeric materials in natural environment.

Soft Material Enabled Electronics for Medicine Healthcare and Human Machine Interfaces

Soft Material Enabled Electronics for Medicine  Healthcare  and Human Machine Interfaces Book
Author : Jae-Woong Jeong,Woon-Hong Yeo
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-03-13
ISBN : 3039282824
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soft material-enabled electronics offer distinct advantage, over conventional rigid and bulky devices, for numerous wearable and implantable applications. Soft materials allow for seamless integration with skin and tissues due to enhanced mechanical flexibility and stretchability. Wearable devices, such as sensors, offer continuous, real-time monitoring of biosignals and movements, which can be applied in rehabilitation and diagnostics, among other applications. Soft implantable electronics offer similar functionalities, but with improved compatibility with human tissues. Biodegradable soft implantable electronics are also being developed for transient monitoring, such as in the weeks following surgery. To further advance soft electronics, materials, integration strategies, and fabrication techniques are being developed. This paper reviews recent progress in these areas, toward the development of soft material-enabled electronics for medicine, healthcare, and human-machine interfaces.

Biomaterials

Biomaterials Book
Author : Joon Park,R. S. Lakes
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-07-23
ISBN : 0387378804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With sixty years of combined experience, the authors of this extensively revised book have learned to emphasize the fundamental materials science, structure-property relationships, and biological responses as a foundation for a wide array of biomaterials applications. This edition includes a new chapter on tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, approximately 1900 references to additional reading, extensive tutorial materials on new developments in spinal implants and fixation techniques and theory. It also offers systematic coverage of orthopedic implants, and expanded treatment of ceramic materials and implants.

Shape Memory Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Shape Memory Polymers for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : L Yahia
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-03-19
ISBN : 0857097059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are an emerging class of smart polymers which give scientists the ability to process the material into a permanent state and predefine a second temporary state which can be triggered by different stimuli. The changing chemistries of SMPs allows scientists to tailor important properties such as strength, stiffness, elasticity and expansion rate. Consequently SMPs are being increasingly used and developed for minimally invasive applications where the material can expand and develop post insertion. This book will provide readers with a comprehensive review of shape memory polymer technologies. Part 1 will discuss the fundamentals and mechanical aspects of SMPs. Chapters in part 2 will look at the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation whilst the final set of chapters will review applications. Reviews the fundamentals of shape memory polymers with chapters focussing on the basic principles of the materials Comprehensive coverage of design and mechanical aspects of SMPs Expert analysis of the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation

Surgical Techniques in Total Knee Arthroplasty and Alternative Procedures

Surgical Techniques in Total Knee Arthroplasty and Alternative Procedures Book
Author : Saverio Affatato
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-12-09
ISBN : 178242038X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is commonly considered to be a reliable procedure, with high implant survival rates at 10 to 15 years of follow-up. The goal of total knee replacement surgery is to relieve pain and obtain better knee function. This is achieved by ensuring correct patient selection, pre-operative deformity, implant design and accurate surgical techniques. This book covers a range of techniques for the realisation of functional joint motion and stability. The first part of the book will describe fundamentals in total knee arthroplasty and alternative procedures. The second half will look at surgical techniques and considerations whilst the final chapters will address future trends and challenges in the field of knee surgery. This book will be an essential reference for academics, orthopaedic surgeons, and those training in medicine, physiatry and rheumatology.

Biomedical Textiles for Orthopaedic and Surgical Applications

Biomedical Textiles for Orthopaedic and Surgical Applications Book
Author : Todd Blair
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-03-13
ISBN : 1782420266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent concerns over the possible effects of metal-on-metal orthopaedic implants and the evolution of more natural structures made from fibre have made medical device manufacturers consider the potential of fibre. Textiles offer the potential to replace traditional materials with novel fibres which are more suitable for many load bearing applications. Orthopaedics, in particular, is embracing textile technology for repairing, replacing, and regenerating integral pieces of the skeletal system and its associated components. This important new book will provide readers with a comprehensive overview of the role biomedical textiles can play in the orthopaedic field. Chapters in part one will discuss the fundamentals of textiles for orthopaedic applications. Part two will cover textiles for implantable orthopaedic applications whilst the final set of chapters will discuss the role of textiles in orthopaedic tissue engineering. Provides a comprehensive overview of the role biomedical textiles can play in the orthopaedic field

Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications

Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : T.S.N. Sankara Narayanan,Il-Song Park,Min-Ho Lee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-01-08
ISBN : 1782420827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surface modification of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications: Biological interactions, mechanical properties and testing, the first of two volumes, is an essential guide on the use of magnesium as a degradable implant material. Due to their excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability, magnesium based degradable implants provide a viable option for the permanent metallic implants. This volume focuses on the fundamental concepts of surface modification of magnesium, its biological interactions, mechanical properties and, in vitro and in vivo testing. The contents of volume 1 is organized and presented in three parts. Part 1 reviews the fundamental aspects of surface modification of magnesium, including surface design, opportunities, challenges and its role in revolutionizing biodegradable biomaterials. Part 2 addresses the biological and mechanical properties covering an in vivo approach to the bioabsorbable behavior of magnesium alloys, mechanical integrity and, the effects of amino acids and proteins on the performance of surface modified magnesium. Part 3 delves in to testing and characterization, exploring the biocompatibility and effects on fatigue life alongside the primary characteristics of surface modified magnesium. All chapters are written by experts, this two volume series provides systematic and thorough coverage of all major modification technologies and coating types of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications. Expert analysis of the fundamentals in surface modification of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications Includes biological interactions and mechanical properties Focuses on testing and characterisation, as well as biocompatibility

Nanomedicine

Nanomedicine Book
Author : Thomas J Webster
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-10-19
ISBN : 0857096443
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology is at the forefront of advances in medicine. Nanomedicine: Technologies and applications provides an important review of this exciting technology and its growing range of applications. After an introduction to nanomedicine, part one discusses key materials and their properties, including nanocrystalline metals and alloys, nanoporous gold and hydroxyapatite coatings. Part two goes on to review nanomedicine for therapeutics and imaging, before nanomedicine for soft tissue engineering is discussed in part three, including organ regeneration, skin grafts, nanotubes and self-assembled nanomaterials. Finally, nanomedicine for bone and cartilage tissue engineering is the focus of part four, with electrically active biocomposites as smart scaffolds investigated, as is cartilage and bone tissue engineering, regeneration and replacement. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nanomedicine: Technologies and applications is an indispensable guide for all those involved in the research, development and application of this exciting technology, whilst providing a comprehensive introduction for students and academics interested in this field. Provides an important review of nanomedicine technology and its growing range of applications Discusses key nanomedicine materials and their properties, including nanocrystalline metals and alloys, nanoporous gold and hydroxyapatite coatings Reviews nanomedicine for therapeutics and imaging and nanomedicine for soft tissue engineering

Dental Implants E Book

Dental Implants   E Book Book
Author : Charles A. Babbush,Jack A. Hahn,Jack T. Krauser,Joel L. Rosenlicht
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2010-03-09
ISBN : 1437726771
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For coverage of cutting-edge techniques and procedures, Dental Implants: The Art and Science is your "go to" reference! This edition includes 20 new chapters and coverage of the latest advances and research from leading dental implant experts. Topics range from the business of dental implants and risk management to new treatment techniques such as Teeth In A Day® and Teeth In An HourTM, the All-on-4 concept, Piezoelectric bone surgery, the new NobelActiveTM implant, the use of dental implants in children, and more. Over 1,100 full-color clinical photographs and illustrations bring concepts to life and provide step-by-step visuals for surgical and prosthetic techniques. If you’re looking for a comprehensive, up-to-date resource you can trust, Dental Implants is the book you need! Over 1,100 full-color clinical photographs and line drawings help to clarify important concepts and provide step-by-step guidance for specific techniques. All aspects of both business and patient care are covered, including risk management, patient selection and master planning, radiographic evaluation, surgical techniques, postoperative care, maintenance, and dental hygiene. Highly-regarded lead author Charles A. Babbush, DDS, MScD, is one of the leading dental implant surgeons in the world and a highly regarded educator, speaker, and author. Expert contributors from all over the world describe the latest advances in implantology and represent the forefront of research.

Biomedical Engineering Handbook 2

Biomedical Engineering Handbook 2 Book
Author : Joseph D. Bronzino
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2000-02-15
ISBN : 9783540668084
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biomedical Engineering Handbook 2 book written by Joseph D. Bronzino, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Material Sciences and Manufacturing Technology

Material Sciences and Manufacturing Technology Book
Author : Liang Zhong Jiang
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2012-12-27
ISBN : 3038139572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The collection brought together the researchers from academia and industry as well as practitioners to share ideas, problems and solutions relating to the multifaceted aspects of material sciences and manufacturing technology. The 182 peer reviewed papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Materials Engineering and Materials Processing; Chapter 2: Nanometer Materials; Chapter 3: Applied Chemistry; Chapter 4: Materials and Manufacturing Technologies in Construction; Chapter 5: Mechanical Engineering; Chapter 6: Thermodynamics; Chapter 7: Information Engineering and Modeling; Chapter 8: Dynamic and Control; Chapter 9: Related Topics.

Green Power Materials and Manufacturing Technology and Applications III

Green Power  Materials and Manufacturing Technology and Applications III Book
Author : Wen Jiang Du,Mao De Ma
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2014-01-03
ISBN : 3038263672
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 3rd International Conference on Green Power, Materials and Manufacturing Technology and Applications (GPMMTA 2013), December 27-30, 2013, Wuhan, China. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The 234 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Materials Engineering and Application; Chapter 2: Manufacturing Technologies and Application; Chapter 3: Mechanical Engineering and Application; Chapter 4: Control, Monitoring and Information Technologies; Chapter 5: Power Systems and Mining Research; Chapter 6: Structural and Civil Engineering; Chapter 7: Computer and Numerical Technologies; Chapter 8: Simulation and Model

Mechanical Engineering Materials Science and Civil Engineering II

Mechanical Engineering  Materials Science and Civil Engineering II Book
Author : Ikuo Ihara
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2013-12-13
ISBN : 3038263427
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2nd International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science and Civil Engineering (ICMEMSCE 2013), October 25-26, 2013, Beijing, China. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The 231 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Material Engineering; Chapter 2: Modeling and Simulation; Chapter 3: Manufacturing and Design Science; Chapter 4: Mechanical and Dynamic Research; Chapter 5: Mechatronics and Control Systems; Chapter 6: Information and Automation; Chapter 7: Building Materials; Chapter 8: Civil Engineering

Comprehensive Biomaterials

Comprehensive Biomaterials Book
Author : Paul Ducheyne,Kevin Healy,Dietmar W. Hutmacher,David W. Grainger,C. James Kirkpatrick
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-08-28
ISBN : 0080552943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive Biomaterials brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one, major series of six edited volumes that would cover the field of biomaterials in a major, extensive fashion: Volume 1: Metallic, Ceramic and Polymeric Biomaterials Volume 2: Biologically Inspired and Biomolecular Materials Volume 3: Methods of Analysis Volume 4: Biocompatibility, Surface Engineering, and Delivery Of Drugs, Genes and Other Molecules Volume 5: Tissue and Organ Engineering Volume 6: Biomaterials and Clinical Use Experts from around the world in hundreds of related biomaterials areas have contributed to this publication, resulting in a continuum of rich information appropriate for many audiences. The work addresses the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, and strategic insights for those entering and operational in diverse biomaterials applications, research and development, regulatory management, and commercial aspects. From the outset, the goal was to review materials in the context of medical devices and tissue properties, biocompatibility and surface analysis, tissue engineering and controlled release. It was also the intent both, to focus on material properties from the perspectives of therapeutic and diagnostic use, and to address questions relevant to state-of-the-art research endeavors. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance as well as future prospects Presents appropriate analytical methods and testing procedures in addition to potential device applications Provides strategic insights for those working on diverse application areas such as R&D, regulatory management, and commercial development

The Biomaterials Silver Jubilee Compendium

The Biomaterials  Silver Jubilee Compendium Book
Author : David F. Williams
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-07-28
ISBN : 9780080528069
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The journal Biomaterials was launched in 1980. The subject of biomaterials science was then in its infancy, being largely cofined to the study of the characteristics of materials used for medical devices. Twenty-five years on, we can truly say that biomaterials science has matured at an incredible rate and now represents a formidable sector that bridges the materials sciences, advanced medical therapies, and molecular and cell sciences. This Silver Jubilee Compendium consists of reprinted versions of the top 25 papers, published during these 25 years, as judged by an international panel of biomaterials scientists. This book is published as a landmark in biomaterials science and it is to be hoped that it will serve as a stimulus to young biomaterials scientists of the early twenty-first century for their pioneering work of the future.

Advances in Bio Mechanical Systems and Materials

Advances in Bio Mechanical Systems and Materials Book
Author : Andreas Ochsner,Holm Altenbach
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 3319004794
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This monograph presents the latest results related to bio-mechanical systems and materials. The bio-mechanical systems with which his book is concerned are prostheses, implants, medical operation robots and muscular re-training systems. To characterize and design such systems, a multi-disciplinary approach is required which involves the classical disciplines of mechanical/materials engineering and biology and medicine. The challenge in such an approach is that views, concepts or even language are sometimes different from discipline to discipline and the interaction and communication of the scientists must be first developed and adjusted. Within the context of materials' science, the book covers the interaction of materials with mechanical systems, their description as a mechanical system or their mechanical properties.