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Defects In Advanced Electronic Materials And Novel Low Dimensional Structures

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Defects in Advanced Electronic Materials and Novel Low Dimensional Structures

Defects in Advanced Electronic Materials and Novel Low Dimensional Structures Book
Author : Jan Stehr,Irina Buyanova,Weimin Chen
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-06-29
ISBN : 0081020546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Defects in Advanced Electronic Materials and Novel Low Dimensional Structures provides a comprehensive review on the recent progress in solving defect issues and deliberate defect engineering in novel material systems. It begins with an overview of point defects in ZnO and group-III nitrides, including irradiation-induced defects, and then look at defects in one and two-dimensional materials, including carbon nanotubes and graphene. Next, it examines the ways that defects can expand the potential applications of semiconductors, such as energy upconversion and quantum processing. The book concludes with a look at the latest advances in theory. While defect physics is extensively reviewed for conventional bulk semiconductors, the same is far from being true for novel material systems, such as low-dimensional 1D and 0D nanostructures and 2D monolayers. This book fills that necessary gap. Presents an in-depth overview of both conventional bulk semiconductors and low-dimensional, novel material systems, such as 1D structures and 2D monolayers Addresses a range of defects in a variety of systems, providing a comparative approach Includes sections on advances in theory that provide insights on where this body of research might lead

Electronic Materials

Electronic Materials Book
Author : Yuriy M. Poplavko
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-23
ISBN : 0128152567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mechanical and thermal properties are reviewed and electrical and magnetic properties are emphasized. Basics of symmetry and internal structure of crystals and the main properties of metals, dielectrics, semiconductors, and magnetic materials are discussed. The theory and modern experimental data are presented, as well as the specifications of materials that are necessary for practical application in electronics. The modern state of research in nanophysics of metals, magnetic materials, dielectrics and semiconductors is taken into account, with particular attention to the influence of structure on the physical properties of nano-materials. The book uses simplified mathematical treatment of theories, while emphasis is placed on the basic concepts of physical phenomena in electronic materials. Most chapters are devoted to the advanced scientific and technological problems of electronic materials; in addition, some new insights into theoretical facts relevant to technical devices are presented. Electronic Materials is an essential reference for newcomers to the field of electronics, providing a fundamental understanding of important basic and advanced concepts in electronic materials science. Provides important overview of the fundamentals of electronic materials properties significant for device applications along with advanced and applied concepts essential to those working in the field of electronics Takes a simplified and mathematical approach to theories essential to the understanding of electronic materials and summarizes important takeaways at the end of each chapter Interweaves modern experimental data and research in topics such as nanophysics, nanomaterials and dielectrics

Low dimensional Nitride Semiconductors

Low dimensional Nitride Semiconductors Book
Author : Bernard Gil
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780198509745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optoelectronics and electronics are likely to change dramatically in the future. This text, written by topmost international researchers, is dedicated to low-dimensional nitride semiconductors, and provides the key to modern electronics, opto-electronics, and nanotechnology. Low-Dimensional Nitride Semiconductors explores why nitride semiconductors are so promising over such a wide range of applications, what the current issues are in the research laboratories, andwhat the prospects of new electronic devices are in the dawn of the twenty-first century. Published in the Series on Semiconductor Science and Technology, with 'Group III Nitride Semiconductor Compounds' (OUP 1998).

Radiation Effects in Advanced Semiconductor Materials and Devices

Radiation Effects in Advanced Semiconductor Materials and Devices Book
Author : C. Claeys,E. Simoen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 3662049740
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This wide-ranging book summarizes the current knowledge of radiation defects in semiconductors, outlining the shortcomings of present experimental and modelling techniques and giving an outlook on future developments. It also provides information on the application of sensors in nuclear power plants.

Molecular Low Dimensional and Nanostructured Materials for Advanced Applications

Molecular Low Dimensional and Nanostructured Materials for Advanced Applications Book
Author : A. Graja,B.R. Bulka,F. Kajzar
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401003491
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A presentation and discussion of the most recent advances in the field by the world's leading experts. Topics dealt with include new organic metals with quasi-two-dimensional structure, new organic superconductors, conducting and magnetic hybrid organic-inorganic materials, and highly conducting organic composites. Also reported are very interesting, significant results on optically controllable gratings in liquid crystals and polymers, organic electroluminescent materials, functionalised polymers and photonics, and nonlinear optics. Some new, fascinating fullerene derivatives and organic and metallic clusters are also presented. The chemical design of logic gates and molecular logic machines and the analysis of the roles of defects in clusters are attracting great interest. The properties of semiconducting quantum wires, electronic transport through magnetic molecular nanostructure and electronic transport properties of nanostructures containing both ferromagnetic and superconductors are also presented and discussed.

Academic Earmarks

Academic Earmarks Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology
Publisher :
Release : 1995
ISBN : 9780160473036
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Growth and Optical Properties of Wide Gap II VI Low Dimensional Semiconductors

Growth and Optical Properties of Wide Gap II   VI Low Dimensional Semiconductors Book
Author : T.C. McGill,C.M. Sotomayor Torres,W. Gebhardt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 146845661X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains the Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on "Growth and Optical Properties of Wide Gap II-VI Low Dimensional Semiconductors", held from 2 - 6 August 1988 in Regensburg, Federal Republic of Germany, under the auspices of the NATO International Scientific Exchange Programme. Semiconducting compounds formed by combining an element from column II of the periodic table with an element from column VI (so called II-VI Semiconductors) have long promised many optoelectronic devices operating in the visible region of the spectrum. However, these materials have encountered numerous problems including: large number of defects and difficulties in obtaining p- and n-type doping. Advances in new methods of material preparation may hold the key to unlocking the unfulfilled promises. During the workshop a full session was taken up covering the prospects for wide-gap II-VI Semiconductor devices, particularly light emitting ones. The growth of bulk materials was reviewed with the view of considering II-VI substrates for the novel epitaxial techniques such as MOCVD, MBE, ALE, MOMBE and ALE-MBE. The controlled introduction of impurities during non-equilibrium growth to provide control of the doping type and conductivity was emphasized.

The Cumulative Book Index

The Cumulative Book Index Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 1997
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A world list of books in the English language.

Extended Defects in Germanium

Extended Defects in Germanium Book
Author : Cor Claeys,Eddy Simoen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-12-29
ISBN : 3540856145
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim is to give an overview of the physics of extended defects in Germanium, i.e. dislocations (line defects), grain boundaries, stacking faults, twins and {311} defects (two-dimensional defects) and precipitates, bubbles, etc. The first part covers fundamentals, describing the crystallographic structure and other physical and electrical properties, mainly of dislocations. Since dislocations are essential for the plastic deformation of Germanium, methods for analysis and imaging of dislocations and to evaluate their structure are described. Attention is given to the electrical and optical properties, which are important for devices made in dislocated Ge. The second part treats the creation of extended defects during wafer and device processing. Issues are addressed such as defect formation during ion implantation, necessary to create junctions, which are an essential part in every device type. Extended defects are also created during the deposition of thin or thick epitaxial layers on other substrates, which are important for optoelectronic and photovoltaic applications. In brief, the book is intended to provide a fundamental understanding of the extended-defect formation during Ge materials and device processing, providing ways to distinguish harmful from less detrimental defects and should point out ways for defect engineering and control.

Luminescence Spectroscopy of Semiconductors

Luminescence Spectroscopy of Semiconductors Book
Author : Ivan Pelant,Jan Valenta
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012-02-02
ISBN : 0199588333
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Semiconductor luminescence has been a rapidly expanding field over the last 50 years. This text reviews the whole subject of semiconductor luminescence in one volume.

Spintronic 2D Materials

Spintronic 2D Materials Book
Author : Wenqing Liu,Yongbing Xu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 0081021542
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spintronic 2D Materials: Fundamentals and Applications provides an overview of the fundamental theory of 2D electronic systems that includes a selection of the most intensively investigated 2D materials. The book tells the story of 2D spintronics in a systematic and comprehensive way, providing the growing community of spintronics researchers with a key reference. Part One addresses the fundamental theoretical aspects of 2D materials and spin transport, while Parts Two through Four explore 2D material systems, including graphene, topological insulators, and transition metal dichalcogenides. Each section discusses properties, key issues and recent developments. In addition, the material growth method (from lab to mass production), device fabrication and characterization techniques are included throughout the book. Discusses the fundamentals and applications of spintronics of 2D materials, such as graphene, topological insulators and transition metal dichalcogenides Includes an in-depth look at each materials system, from material growth, device fabrication and characterization techniques Presents the latest solutions on key challenges, such as the spin lifetime of 2D materials, spin-injection efficiency, the potential proximity effects, and much more

Theory and Simulation in Physics for Materials Applications

Theory and Simulation in Physics for Materials Applications Book
Author : Elena V. Levchenko,Yannick J. Dappe,Guido Ori
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-14
ISBN : 3030377903
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a unique and comprehensive overview of the latest advances, challenges and accomplishments in the rapidly growing field of theoretical and computational materials science. Today, an increasing number of industrial communities rely more and more on advanced atomic-scale methods to obtain reliable predictions of materials properties, complement qualitative experimental analyses and circumvent experimental difficulties. The book examines some of the latest and most advanced simulation techniques currently available, as well as up-to-date theoretical approaches adopted by a selected panel of twelve international research teams. It covers a wide range of novel and advanced materials, exploring their structural, elastic, optical, mass and electronic transport properties. The cutting-edge techniques presented appeal to physicists, applied mathematicians and engineers interested in advanced simulation methods in materials science. The book can also be used as additional literature for undergraduate and postgraduate students with majors in physics, chemistry, applied mathematics and engineering.

Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology

Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2011-01-28
ISBN : 0080932282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Semiconductors are at the heart of modern living. Almost everything we do, be it work, travel, communication, or entertainment, all depend on some feature of semiconductor technology. Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology captures the breadth of this important field, and presents it in a single source to the large audience who study, make, and exploit semiconductors. Previous attempts at this achievement have been abbreviated, and have omitted important topics. Written and Edited by a truly international team of experts, this work delivers an objective yet cohesive global review of the semiconductor world. The work is divided into three sections. The first section is concerned with the fundamental physics of semiconductors, showing how the electronic features and the lattice dynamics change drastically when systems vary from bulk to a low-dimensional structure and further to a nanometer size. Throughout this section there is an emphasis on the full understanding of the underlying physics. The second section deals largely with the transformation of the conceptual framework of solid state physics into devices and systems which require the growth of extremely high purity, nearly defect-free bulk and epitaxial materials. The last section is devoted to exploitation of the knowledge described in the previous sections to highlight the spectrum of devices we see all around us. Provides a comprehensive global picture of the semiconductor world Each of the work's three sections presents a complete description of one aspect of the whole Written and Edited by a truly international team of experts

II VI Semiconductor Materials and their Applications

II VI Semiconductor Materials and their Applications Book
Author : Maria C. Tamargo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-04-12
ISBN : 9781560329145
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

II-VI Semiconductor Materials and Their Applications deals with II-VI compound semiconductors and the status of the two areas of current optoelectronics applications: blue-green emitters and IR detectors. Specifically, the growth, charactrtization, materials and device issues for these two applications are described. Emphasis is placed on the wide bandgap emitters where much progress has occurred recently. The book also presents new directions that have potential, future applications in optoelectronics for II-VI materials. In particular, it discusses the status of dilute magnetic semiconductors for mango-optical and electromagnetic devices, nonlinear optical properties, photorefractive effects and new materials and physics phenomena, such as self-organized, low-dimensional structures. II_VI Semiconductor Materials and Their Applications is a valuable reference book for researchers in the field as well as a textbook for materials science and applied physics courses.

Device Physics of Narrow Gap Semiconductors

Device Physics of Narrow Gap Semiconductors Book
Author : Junhao Chu,Arden Sher
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-10-13
ISBN : 1441910409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Narrow gap semiconductors obey the general rules of semiconductor science, but often exhibit extreme features of these rules because of the same properties that produce their narrow gaps. Consequently these materials provide sensitive tests of theory, and the opportunity for the design of innovative devices. Narrow gap semiconductors are the most important materials for the preparation of advanced modern infrared systems. Device Physics of Narrow Gap Semiconductors, a forthcoming second book, offers descriptions of the materials science and device physics of these unique materials. Topics covered include impurities and defects, recombination mechanisms, surface and interface properties, and the properties of low dimensional systems for infrared applications. This book will help readers to understand not only semiconductor physics and materials science, but also how they relate to advanced opto-electronic devices. The final chapter describes the device physics of photoconductive detectors, photovoltaic infrared detectors, super lattices and quantum wells, infrared lasers, and single photon infrared detectors.

Magazines for Libraries

Magazines for Libraries Book
Author : William A. Katz
Publisher : Rr Bowker Llc
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9781600300967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reviewing the best publications for all serials collections since 1969.

Nanostructured and Advanced Materials for Applications in Sensor Optoelectronic and Photovoltaic Technology

Nanostructured and Advanced Materials for Applications in Sensor  Optoelectronic and Photovoltaic Technology Book
Author : Ashok K. Vaseashta,D. Dimova-Malinovska,J.M. Marshall
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-04-29
ISBN : 1402035624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The principal aim of this NATO Advanced Study Institute (ASI) "Nanostructured and Advanced Materials for Applications in Sensor, Optoelectronic and Photovoltaic Technology" was to present a contemporary overview of the field of nanostructured and advanced electronic materials. Nanotechnology is an emerging scientific field receiving significant worldwide attention. On a nanometer scale, materials or structures may possess new and unique physical properties. Some of these are now known to the scientific community, but there may well be many properties not yet known to us, rendering it as a fascinating area of research and a suitable subject for a NATO ASI. Yet another aspect of the field is the possibility for creating meta-stable phases with unconventional properties and the ultra-miniaturization of current devices, sensors, and machines. Such nanotechnological and related advanced materials have an extremely wide range of potential applications, viz. nanoscale electronics, sensors, optoelectronics, photonics, nano-biological systems, na- medicine, energy storage systems, etc. This is a wide-ranging subject area and therefore requires the formation of multi-disciplinary teams of physicists, chemists, materials scientists, engineers, molecular biologists, pharmacologists, and others to work together on the synthesis and processing of materials and structures, the understanding of their physical properties, the design and fabrication of devices, etc. Hence, in formulating our ASI, we adopted an int- disciplinary approach, bringing together recognised experts in the various fields while retaining a level of treatment accessible to those active in specific individual areas of research and development.