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Defect Structure In Nanomaterials

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Defect Structure in Nanomaterials

Defect Structure in Nanomaterials Book
Author : J Gubicza
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-06-01
ISBN : 0857096141
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials exhibit unique mechanical and physical properties compared to their coarse-grained counterparts, and are consequently a major focus of current scientific research. Defect structure in nanomaterials provides a detailed overview of the processing methods, defect structure and defect-related mechanical and physical properties of a wide range of nanomaterials. The book begins with a review of the production methods of nanomaterials, including severe plastic deformation, powder metallurgy and electrodeposition. The lattice defect structures formed during the synthesis of nanomaterials are characterised in detail. Special attention is paid to the lattice defects in low stacking fault energy nanomaterials and metal – carbon nanotube composites. Topics covered in the second part of the book include a discussion of the thermal stability of defect structure in nanomaterials and a study of the influence of lattice defects on mechanical and hydrogen storage properties. Gives in-depth, physically based explanations for the relationships between the defect structure and mechanical properties of nanomaterials Covers a wide range of nanomaterials including metals; alloys; ceramics; diamond; carbon nanotubes and their composites Provides a detailed characterization of the lattice defect structure in nanomaterials

Defect Structure and Properties of Nanomaterials

Defect Structure and Properties of Nanomaterials Book
Author : J Gubicza
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-03-05
ISBN : 0081019181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Defect Structure and Properties of Nanomaterials: Second and Extended Edition covers a wide range of nanomaterials including metals, alloys, ceramics, diamond, carbon nanotubes, and their composites. This new edition is fully revised and updated, covering important advances that have taken place in recent years. Nanostructured materials exhibit unique mechanical and physical properties compared with their coarse-grained counterparts, therefore these materials are currently a major focus in materials science. The production methods of nanomaterials affect the lattice defect structure (vacancies, dislocations, disclinations, stacking faults, twins, and grain boundaries) that has a major influence on their mechanical and physical properties. In this book, the production routes of nanomaterials are described in detail, and the relationships between the processing conditions and the resultant defect structure, as well as the defect-related properties (e.g. mechanical behavior, electrical resistance, diffusion, corrosion resistance, thermal stability, hydrogen storage capability, etc.) are reviewed. In particular, new processing methods of nanomaterials are described in the chapter dealing with the manufacturing procedures of nanostructured materials. New chapters on (i) the experimental methods for the study of lattice defects, (ii) the defect structure in nanodisperse particles, and (iii) the influence of lattice defects on electrical, corrosion, and diffusion properties are included, to further enhance what has become a leading reference for engineering, physics, and materials science audiences. Provides a detailed overview of processing methods, defect structure, and defect-related mechanical and physical properties of nanomaterials Covers a wide range of nanomaterials including metals, alloys, ceramics, diamond, carbon nanotubes, and their composites Includes new chapters covering recent advances in both processing techniques and methods for the study of lattice defects Provides valuable information that will help materials scientists and engineers highlight lattice defects and the related mechanical and physical properties

Nanomaterials

Nanomaterials Book
Author : Hideo Hosono,Yoshinao Mishima,Hideo Takezoe,Kenneth J.D. MacKenzie
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-08-08
ISBN : 9780080463902
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A research project at the Tokyo Institute of Technology – dedicated to fostering innovation in the field of nanomaterials – was selected as one of the 21st Century COE (Center of Excellence) programs. The achievements of this COE program, which builds on the strong tradition of materials science in the Institute, are summarized within this book. Nanomaterials: Research Towards Applications is divided into four main parts: Revolutionary Oxides State-of-the-Art Polymers Nanostructure Design for New Functions Nanostructure Architecture for Engineering Applications Each section consists of three or four chapters related to inorganic, organic and metallic nanomaterials

Synthesis and Applications of Nanomaterials for Photocatalysis and Electrocatalysis

Synthesis and Applications of Nanomaterials for Photocatalysis and Electrocatalysis Book
Author : Giuseppe Cappelletti,Claudia Letizia Bianchi
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-05-12
ISBN : 3039288318
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heterogeneous catalysis, exploiting photo- and electrochemical reactions, has expanded rapidly in recent decades, having undergone various developments, especially from both energetic and environmental points of view. Photocatalysis plays a pivotal role in such applications as water splitting and air/water remediation. Electrocatalysis can be found in a large array of research fields, including the development of electroanalytical sensors, wastewater treatment, and energy conversion devices (e.g., batteries, fuel and solar cells, etc.). Therefore, the fine control of the synthetic procedures, together with extensive physicochemical characterisations of the tailor-made catalytic nanomaterials, are of fundamental importance to achieving the desired results. The present book will include recent enhancements in oxide/metal nanoparticles for photocatalytic and electrocatalytic applications, especially in the fields of pollutants abatement and energy conversion.

Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology for Composites

Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology for Composites Book
Author : A. K. Haghi,Sabu Thomas,Ali Pourhashemi,Abbas Hamrang,Ewa Klodzinska
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-05-15
ISBN : 1482263874
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineered nanopolymer and nanoparticles, with their extraordinary mechanical and unique electronic properties, have garnered much attention in recent years. With a broad range of potential applications, including nanoelectronics, composites, chemical sensors, biosensors, microscopy, nanoelectromechanical systems, and many more, the scientific community is more motivated than ever to move beyond basic properties and explore the real issues associated with carbon nanotube-based applications. Engineered nanopolymer and nanoparticles are exceptionally interesting from a fundamental research point of view. They open up new perspectives for various applications, such as nano-transistors in circuits, field-emission displays, artificial muscles, or added reinforcements in alloys. This informative book is an introduction to the physical concepts needed for investigating carbon nanotubes and other one-dimensional solid-state systems. Written for a wide scientific readership, each chapter consists of an instructive approach to the topic and sustainable ideas for solutions. This new book presents leading-edge research in this dynamic field. It reviews the recent progress in application of engineered nanopolymer and nanoparticles and their composites. The advantages and disadvantages of different methods are discussed. The ability of continuum methods to bridge different scales is emphasized. Recommendations for future research are given by focusing on what each method has to learn from the nano-scale. The scope of the book is to provide current knowledge to support researchers entering the scientific area of carbon nanotubes and help them choose the appropriate modeling tool for accomplishing their study and where to place their efforts to further improve continuum methods.

Nanomaterials Design and Simulation

Nanomaterials  Design and Simulation Book
Author : Perla Balbuena,Jorge M. Seminario
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-11-02
ISBN : 9780080466835
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past few decades, several approaches have been developed for designing nano-structured or molecularly-structured materials. These advances have revolutionized practically all fields of science and engineering, providing an additional design variable, the feature size of the nano-structures, which can be tailored to provide new materials with very special characteristics. Nanomaterials: Design and Simulation explores the role that such advances have made toward a rational design of nanostructures and covers a variety of methods from ab initio electronic structure techniques, ab initio molecular dynamics, to classical molecular dynamics, also being complemented by coarse-graining and continuum methods. Also included is an overview of how the development of these computational tools has enabled the possibility of exploring nanoscopic details and using such information for the prediction of physical and chemical properties that are not always possible to be obtained experimentally. * Provides an overview of approaches that have been developed for designing nano-structured or molecularly-structured materials. * This volume covers several aspects of the simulation and design of nanomaterials analyzed by a selected group of active researchers in the field. * Looks at how the advancement of computational tools have enabled nanoscopic prediction of physical and chemical properties

Oxide Nanostructures

Oxide Nanostructures Book
Author : Avanish Kumar Srivastava
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-04-09
ISBN : 9814411361
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials, their synthesis, and property studies have been an obsession with modern current physicists, chemist, and materials scientists for their vast array of technological implications and the remarkable way their properties are modified or enhanced when the size dimensions are reduced to the realm of nanometers. Although nanomaterials, for a lot of practical purposes have been in existence since the remotest past of civilization, it is only in the last few decades that the field has been gaining the attention that it deserves from the scientific and industrial fraternity. A lot of this has to do with the immense improvement we made in tools to study and characterize these materials. Metal oxides have been one of the well documented and hottest branches of nanomaterials revolution with oxides such as TiO2, ZnO, CuO, Fe3O4, Cr2O3, Co3O4, MnO2 and many more being an integral part to a variety of technological advancements and industrial applications. From green power issues like photovoltaic cells to rechargeable batteries, from drug delivery agents to antimicrobial and cosmetic products, from superconductor materials to semiconductors and insulators, metal oxides have been omnipresent in terms of both commercial prerogatives and research highlights. This book is solely devoted towards this special section of nanomaterials with an aim to partially access the science pertaining to the oxides of metals.

Nanomaterials and Nanochemistry

Nanomaterials and Nanochemistry Book
Author : C. Bréchignac,P. Houdy,M. Lahmani
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-01-01
ISBN : 9783540729938
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Here is a brilliant book that covers the major aspects of nanomaterials production. It integrates the many and varied chemical, material and thermo-dynamical facets of production, offering readers a new and unique approach to the subject. The mechanical, optical, and magnetic characteristics of nanomaterials are also presented in detail. Nanomaterials are a fast developing field of research and this book serves as both a reference work for researchers and a textbook for graduate students.

Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean Energy Hydrogen Systems

Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean Energy Hydrogen Systems Book
Author : Bogdan Baranowski,Svetlana Zaginaichenko,Dmitry Schur,Valeriy Skorokhod,Ayfer Veziroglu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-11-24
ISBN : 1402088981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 2007 ARW “Using Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean-Energy Hydrogen Systems” (UCNCEHS’2007) was held in September 22–28, 2007 in the remarkable town Sudak (Crimea, Ukraine) known for its heroic and unusual fate. In the tradition of the earlier conferences, UCNCEHS’2007 meeting served as an multidisciplinary forum for the presentation and discussion of the most recent research on transition to hydrogen-based energy systems, technologies for hydrogen production, storage, utilization, carbon nanomaterials processing and chemical behavior, energy and environmental problems. The aim of UCNCEHS’2007 was to provide the wide overview of the latest scientific results on basic research and technological applications of hydrogen interactions with carbon materials. The active representatives from research/academic organizations and governmental agencies could meet, discuss and present the most recent advances in hydrogen concepts, processes and systems, to evaluate current progress and to exchange academic information, to identify research needs and future development in this important area. This ARW should help further the progress of hydrogen-based science and promote the role of hydrogen and carbon nanomaterials in the energy field.

Carbon Nanotubes

Carbon Nanotubes Book
Author : Mildred S. Dresselhaus,Gene Dresselhaus,Phaedon Avouris
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-03-13
ISBN : 3540410864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

After a short introduction and a brief review of the relation between carbon nanotubes, graphite and other forms of carbon, the synthesis techniques and growth mechanisms for carbon nanotubes are described. This is followed by reviews on nanotube electronic structure, electrical, optical, and mechanical properties, nanotube imaging and spectroscopy, and nanotube applications.

Nanomaterials

Nanomaterials Book
Author : B. M. Caruta
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9781594543692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials science includes those parts of chemistry and physics that deal with the properties of materials. It encompasses four classes of materials, the study of each of which may be considered a separate field: metals; ceramics; polymers and composites. Materials science is often referred to as materials science and engineering because it has many applications. Industrial applications of materials science include processing techniques (casting, rolling, welding, ion implantation, crystal growth, thin-film deposition, sintering, glassblowing, etc.), analytical techniques (electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, calorimetry, nuclear microscopy (HEFIB) etc.), materials design, and cost/benefit tradeoffs in industrial production of materials. This book presents new research directions in the very new field of nanomaterials.

Textbook of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Textbook of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Book
Author : B.S. Murty,P. Shankar,Baldev Raj,B B Rath,James Murday
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-12-06
ISBN : 3642280307
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is meant to serve as a textbook for beginners in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology. It can also be used as additional reading in this multifaceted area. It covers the entire spectrum of nanoscience and technology: introduction, terminology, historical perspectives of this domain of science, unique and widely differing properties, advances in the various synthesis, consolidation and characterization techniques, applications of nanoscience and technology and emerging materials and technologies.

Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation

Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation Book
Author : Zenji Horita
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2006-01-15
ISBN : 3038130540
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Severe Plastic Deformation (SPD) has proved to be an attractive tool for obtaining ultrafine-grained and nanocrystalline materials in bulk form; free of defects such as pores and impurities. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS).

Nanomaterials Imaging Techniques Surface Studies and Applications

Nanomaterials Imaging Techniques  Surface Studies  and Applications Book
Author : Olena Fesenko,Leonid Yatsenko,Mikhaylo Brodin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-08-13
ISBN : 1461476755
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents cutting-edge research on a wide range of nanotechnology techniques and applications. It features contributions from scientists who participated in the International Summer School “Nanotechnology: From Fundamental Research to Innovations” in Bukovel, Ukraine on August 26 – September 2, 2012 funded by the European Commission FP7 project Nanotwinning implemented by the Institute of Physics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and partner institutions: University of Tartu (Estonia), European Profiles A.E. (Greece), University of Turin (Italy) and Université Pierre et Marie Curie (France). Worldwide experts present the latest results on such key topics as microscopy of nanostructures; nanocomposites; nanostructured interfaces and surfaces; nanooptics; nanoplasmonics; and enhanced vibrational spectroscopy. Imaging technique coverage ranges from atomic force microscopy and spectroscopy, multiphoton imagery, and laser diagnostics of nanomaterials and nanostructures, to resonance Raman and SERS for surface characterization, and scanning tunneling microscopy of organic molecules. The breadth of topics highlights the exciting variety of research currently being undertaken in this field and suggests new opportunities for interdisciplinary collaboration and future research.

Nanomaterials and Surface Technologies Materials Applications

Nanomaterials and Surface Technologies  Materials Applications Book
Author : Tamara Petrashova,Anna Bogdan,Uliana Khorechko
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2015-04-17
ISBN : 3038267864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the German-Russian Young Scientists Conference «Renewable Energy - Biotechnology – Nanotechnology», May 20-22, 2014, Tomsk, Russia. The 12 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Nanomaterials and Technologies; Chapter 2: Surface and Coating Materials Technologies and Engineering; Chapter 3: Renewable Energy Materials Application, Thermal Materials Engineering, Biomaterials.

Electron Transfer in Nanomaterials

Electron Transfer in Nanomaterials Book
Author : Garry Rumbles,Tim Lian,Kei Murakoshi,Electrochemical Society. Fullerenes, Nanotubes, and Carbon Nanostructures Division,Electrochemical Society. Energy Technology Division,Electrochemical Society. Meeting
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9781566774352
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Structure Analysis of Advanced Nanomaterials

Structure Analysis of Advanced Nanomaterials Book
Author : Takeo Oku
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2014-10-09
ISBN : 3110305011
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-resolution electron microscopy allows the imaging of the crystallographic structure of a sample at an atomic scale. It is a valuable tool to study nanoscale properties of crystalline materials such as superconductors, semiconductors, solar cells, zeolite materials, carbon nanomaterials or BN nanotubes.

Introduction to Graphene Based Nanomaterials

Introduction to Graphene Based Nanomaterials Book
Author : Luis E. F. Foa Torres,Stephan Roche,Jean-Christophe Charlier
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-01-23
ISBN : 1107030838
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A detailed primer describing the most effective theoretical and computational methods and tools for simulating graphene-based systems.

Nano Tribology and Fracture Mechanics

Nano Tribology and Fracture Mechanics Book
Author : K. S. Lokesh,P. Prasad,D. Shrinivasa Mayya
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2019-01-14
ISBN : 3668864446
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Document from the year 2018 in the subject Engineering - General, Basics, grade: A, Srinivas School of Engineering (Srinivas Institute of Technology), course: Engineering, language: English, abstract: The main aim of this text book is to understand the applications of nano technology in mechanical engineering & the mechanics of nanomaterials and also to understand the concept of nano tribology & fracture mechanics and advancement in nano materials. At the end of the study student can able to understan: - Applications of nano materials in mechanical engineering; - Mechanics of nano materials; - Defects in nano structures; - Failure modes; - Mechanical behaviors of nano materials; - Fracture of nano structures; - Advancements in nano materials.