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Deep Geological Disposal Of Radioactive Waste

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Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book
Author : W. R. Alexander,Linda McKinley
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-07-29
ISBN : 9780080468884
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste presents a critical review of designing, siting, constructing and demonstrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radioactive wastes. It is structured to provide a broad perspective of this multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary topic: providing enough detail for a non-specialist to understand the fundamental principles involved and with extensive references to sources of more detailed information. Emphasis is very much on “deep geological disposal – at least some tens of metres below land surface and, in many cases, many hundred of metres deep. Additionally, only radioactive wastes are considered directly – even though such wastes often contain also significant chemotoxic or otherwise hazardous components. Many of the principles involved are generally applicable to other repository options (e.g. near-surface or on-surface disposal) and, indeed, to other types of hazardous waste. Presents a current critical review in designing, siting, constructing and demonsrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radwaste Addresses the fundamental principles of radioactive waste with up-to-date examples and real-world case studies Written for a multi-disciplinary audience, with an appropriate level of detail to allow a non-specialist to understand

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste Book
Author : Michael J Apted,Joonhong Ahn
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-05-25
ISBN : 0081006527
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste, Second Edition, critically reviews state-of-the-art technologies and scientific methods relating to the implementation of the most effective approaches to the long-term, safe disposition of nuclear waste, also discussing regulatory developments and social engagement approaches as major themes. Chapters in Part One introduce the topic of geological disposal, providing an overview of near-surface, intermediate depth, and deep borehole disposal, spanning low-, medium- and high-level wastes. Part Two addresses the different types of repository systems – crystalline, clay, and salt, also discussing methods of site surveying and construction. The critical safety issue of engineered barrier systems is the focus of Part Three, with coverage ranging from nuclear waste canisters, to buffer and backfill materials. Lastly, Parts Four and Five focus on safety, security, and acceptability, concentrating on repository performance assessment, then radiation protection, environmental monitoring, and social engagement. Comprehensively revised, updated, and expanded with 25% new material on topics of current importance, this is the standard reference for all nuclear waste management and geological repository professionals and researchers. Contains 25% more material on topics of current importance in this new, comprehensive edition Fully updated coverage of both near-surface/intermediate depth, and deep borehole disposal in one convenient volume Goes beyond the scientific and technical aspects of disposal to include the political, regulatory, and societal issues involved, all from an international perspective

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book
Author : W. R. Alexander,Linda McKinley
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 2007-03-28
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste presents a critical review of designing, siting, constructing and demonstrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radioactive wastes. It is structured to provide a broad perspective of this multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary topic: providing enough detail for a non-specialist to understand the fundamental principles involved and with extensive references to sources of more detailed information. Emphasis is very much on "deep” geological disposal - at least some tens of metres below land surface and, in many cases, many hundred of metres deep. Additionally, only radioactive wastes are considered directly - even though such wastes often contain also significant chemotoxic or otherwise hazardous components. Many of the principles involved are generally applicable to other repository options (e.g. near-surface or on-surface disposal) and, indeed, to other types of hazardous waste. Presents a current critical review in designing, siting, constructing and demonsrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radwaste Addresses the fundamental principles of radioactive waste with up-to-date examples and real-world case studies Written for a multi-disciplinary audience, with an appropriate level of detail to allow a non-specialist to understand

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes and Natural Analogues

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes and Natural Analogues Book
Author : W. Miller,R. Alexander,N. Chapman,John C McKinley,J.A.T. Smellie
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2000-11-09
ISBN : 9780080553054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many countries are currently exploring the option to dispose of highly radioactive solid wastes deep underground in purpose built, engineered repositories. A number of surface and shallow repositories for less radioactive wastes are already in operation. One of the challenges facing the nuclear industry is to demonstrate confidently that a repository will contain wastes for so long that any releases that might take place in the future will pose no significant health or environmental risk. One method for building confidence in the long-term future safety of a repository is to look at the physical and chemical processes which operate in natural and archaeological systems, and to draw appropriate parallels with the repository. For example, to understand why some uranium orebodies have remained isolated underground for billions of years. Such studies are called 'natural analogues'. This book investigates the concept of geological disposal and examines the wide range of natural analogues which have been studied. Lessons learnt from studies of archaeological and natural systems can be used to improve our capabilities for assessing the future safety of a radioactive waste repository.

Disposition of High Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel

Disposition of High Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Radioactive Waste Management,Committee on Disposition of High-Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2001-07-05
ISBN : 0309073170
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focused attention by world leaders is needed to address the substantial challenges posed by disposal of spent nuclear fuel from reactors and high-level radioactive waste from processing such fuel. The biggest challenges in achieving safe and secure storage and permanent waste disposal are societal, although technical challenges remain. Disposition of radioactive wastes in a deep geological repository is a sound approach as long as it progresses through a stepwise decision-making process that takes advantage of technical advances, public participation, and international cooperation. Written for concerned citizens as well as policymakers, this book was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and waste management organizations in eight other countries.

One Step at a Time

One Step at a Time Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Radioactive Waste Management,Committee on Principles and Operational Strategies for Staged Repository Systems
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2003-03-10
ISBN : 0309087082
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Compared to other large engineering projects, geologic repositories for high-level waste present distinctive challenges because: 1) they are first-of-a-kind, complex, and long-term projects that must actively manage hazardous materials for many decades: 2) they are expected to hold these hazardous materials passively safe for many millennia after repository closure; and 3) they are widely perceived to pose serious risks. As is the case for other complex projects, repository programs should proceed in stages. One Step at a Time focuses on a management approach called "adaptive staging" as a promising means to develop geologic repositories for high-level radioactive waste such as the proposed repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Adaptive staging is a learn-as-you-go process that enables project managers to continuously reevaluate and adjust the program in response to new knowledge and stakeholder input. Advice is given on how to implement staging during the construction, operation, closure, and post-closure phases of a repository program.

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste Book
Author : Michael J Apted,Joonhong Ahn
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-27
ISBN : 1845699785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geological disposal has been internationally adopted as the most effective approach to assure the long-term, safe disposition of the used nuclear fuels and radioactive waste materials produced from nuclear power generation, nuclear weapons programs, medical, treatments, and industrial applications. Geological repository systems take advantage of natural geological barriers augmented with engineered barrier systems to isolate these radioactive materials from the environment and from future populations. Geological repository systems for safe disposal of spent nuclear fuels and radioactive waste critically reviews the state-of-the-art technologies, scientific methods, regulatory developments, and social engagement approaches directly related to the implementation of geological repository systems. Part one introduces geological disposal, including multiple-barrier geological repositories, as well as reviewing the impact of nuclear fuel recycling practices and underground research laboratory activities on the development of disposal concepts. Part two reviews geological repository siting in different host rocks, including long-term stability analysis and radionuclide transport modelling. Reviews of the range of engineered barrier systems, including waste immobilisation technologies, container materials, low pH concretes, clay-based buffer and backfill materials, and barrier performance are presented in Part three. Part four examines total system performance assessment and safety analyses for deep geological and near-surface disposal, with coverage of uncertainty analysis, use of expert judgement for decision making, and development and use of knowledge management systems. Finally, Part five covers regulatory and social approaches for the establishment of geological disposal programs, from the development of radiation standards and risk-informed, performance-based regulations, to environmental monitoring and social engagement in the siting and operation of repositories. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Geological repository systems for safe disposal of spent nuclear fuels and radioactive waste is a standard reference for all nuclear waste management and geological repository professionals and researchers. Critically reviews the state-of-the-art technologies, scientific methods, regulatory developments, and social engagement approaches related to the implementation of geological repository systems Chapters introduce geological disposal and review the development of disposal concepts Examines long-term stability analysis, the range of engineered barrier systems and barrier performance

Considering Timescales in the Post closure Safety of Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Considering Timescales in the Post closure Safety of Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book
Author : OECD Nuclear Energy Agency,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Publisher : Bernan Assoc
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A key challenge in the development of safety cases for the deep geological disposal of radioactive waste is handling the long time frame over which the radioactive waste remains hazardous. The intrinsic hazard of the waste decreases with time, but some hazard remains for extremely long periods. Safety cases for geological disposal typically address performance and protection for thousands to millions of years into the future. Over such periods, a wide range of events and processes operating over many different timescales may affect a repository and its environment. Uncertainties in the predictability of such factors increase with time, making it increasingly difficult to provide definite assurances of a repository's performance and the protection it may provide over longer timescales. Timescales, the level of protection and the assurance of safety are all linked. Approaches to handling timescales for the geological disposal of radioactive waste are influenced by ethical principles, the evolution of the hazard over time, uncertainties in the evolution of the disposal system (and how these uncertainties themselves evolve), and the stability and predictability of the geological environment. Conversely, the approach to handling timescales can affect aspects of repository planning and implementation including regulatory requirements, siting decisions, repository design, the development and presentation of safety cases and the planning of pre- and post-closure institutional controls such as monitoring requirements. This is an area still under discussion among NEA member countries. This report reviews the current status and ongoing discussions of this issue.

The Microbiology of Nuclear Waste Disposal

The Microbiology of Nuclear Waste Disposal Book
Author : Jonathan R. Lloyd,Andrea Cherkouk
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-10-22
ISBN : 0128186968
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Microbiology of Nuclear Waste Disposal is a state-of-the-art reference featuring contributions focusing on the impact of microbes on the safe long-term disposal of nuclear waste. This book is the first to cover this important emerging topic, and is written for a wide audience encompassing regulators, implementers, academics, and other stakeholders. The book is also of interest to those working on the wider exploitation of the subsurface, such as bioremediation, carbon capture and storage, geothermal energy, and water quality. Planning for suitable facilities in the U.S., Europe, and Asia has been based mainly on knowledge from the geological and physical sciences. However, recent studies have shown that microbial life can proliferate in the inhospitable environments associated with radioactive waste disposal, and can control the long-term fate of nuclear materials. This can have beneficial and damaging impacts, which need to be quantified. Encompasses expertise from both the bio and geo disciplines, aiming to foster important collaborations across this disciplinary divide Includes reviews and research papers from leading groups in the field Provides helpful guidance in light of plans progressing worldwide for geological disposal facilities Includes timely research for planning and safety case development

Scientific and Technical Basis for the Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes

Scientific and Technical Basis for the Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Technical Reports Series
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report focuses on the different functions of a repository within its life cycle and describes the processes relevant to the containment of long lived radioactive waste and other criteria influencing the long term integrity of the repository. It emphasizes the central role of safety and the importance of safety/performance assessments in the decision making process during repository development.

Key Topics in Deep Geological Disposal Conference Report

Key Topics in Deep Geological Disposal   Conference Report Book
Author : Fanghaenel, Susanne
Publisher : KIT Scientific Publishing
Release : 2015-05-22
ISBN : 3731503832
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Key Topics in Deep Geological Disposal Conference Report book written by Fanghaenel, Susanne, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Geologic Disposal of Radioactive Waste in Perspective

Geologic Disposal of Radioactive Waste in Perspective Book
Author : OECD Nuclear Energy Agency,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Publisher : OECD
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report reviews the progress to date in geological disposal of radioactive waste and the further steps that may be required to implement geologic disposal, taking into account both the technical and regulatory requirements, and the need to achieve an appropriate level of societal acceptance.

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book
Author : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Co-ordinating Group on Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste,OECD Nuclear Energy Agency
Publisher : OECD
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste book written by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Co-ordinating Group on Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste,OECD Nuclear Energy Agency, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9789201001092
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication examines the possible technological implications of retrievability when developing designs for geological nuclear waste repositories. Disposal strategies including scenarios for retrieving disposed nuclear waste have been driven by a desire to cope with or benefit from new technical advances in waste management and materials technologies, as well as changing social, economic and political conditions. In this respect, the publication analyzes the concepts currently being developed by some countries for the retrieval of emplaced waste packages and any technological provisions that should be incorporated into the design, construction, operational and closure stages of the repository. It is targeted at those responsible for deep geological disposal programs, including repository designers and decision makers.

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Radioactive Waste Management Glossary

Radioactive Waste Management Glossary Book
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This updated glossary is intended to provide a source of terms that are commonly used or have special meanings in the field of radioactive waste management. The glossary includes new terms that have come into use in the past decade and terms whose meanings have changed. The terms that are included have all become part of accepted international usage.

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes and Natural Analogues

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes and Natural Analogues Book
Author : W. Miller,R. Alexander,N. Chapman,John C McKinley,J.A.T. Smellie
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2000-11-09
ISBN : 0080532454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many countries are currently exploring the option to dispose of highly radioactive solid wastes deep underground in purpose built, engineered repositories. A number of surface and shallow repositories for less radioactive wastes are already in operation. One of the challenges facing the nuclear industry is to demonstrate confidently that a repository will contain wastes for so long that any releases that might take place in the future will pose no significant health or environmental risk. One method for building confidence in the long-term future safety of a repository is to look at the physical and chemical processes which operate in natural and archaeological systems, and to draw appropriate parallels with the repository. For example, to understand why some uranium orebodies have remained isolated underground for billions of years. Such studies are called 'natural analogues'. This book investigates the concept of geological disposal and examines the wide range of natural analogues which have been studied. Lessons learnt from studies of archaeological and natural systems can be used to improve our capabilities for assessing the future safety of a radioactive waste repository.

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book
Author : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,Commission of the European Communities,OECD Nuclear Energy Agency,OECD Nuclear Energy Agency. Co-ordinating Group on Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste
Publisher : Organization for Economic
Release : 1984
ISBN : 9789264125872
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste book written by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,Commission of the European Communities,OECD Nuclear Energy Agency,OECD Nuclear Energy Agency. Co-ordinating Group on Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Burying Uncertainty

Burying Uncertainty Book
Author : K. S. Shrader-Frechette
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 1993-12-03
ISBN : 0520913965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Shrader-Frechette looks at current U.S. government policy regarding the nation's high-level radioactive waste both scientifically and ethically. What should be done with our nation's high-level radioactive waste, which will remain hazardous for thousands of years? This is one of the most pressing problems faced by the nuclear power industry, and current U.S. government policy is to bury "radwastes" in specially designed deep repositories. K. S. Shrader-Frechette argues that this policy is profoundly misguided on both scientific and ethical grounds. Scientifically—because we cannot trust the precision of 10,000-year predictions that promise containment of the waste. Ethically—because geological disposal ignores the rights of present and future generations to equal treatment, due process, and free informed consent. Shrader-Frechette focuses her argument on the world's first proposed high-level radioactive waste facility at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Analyzing a mass of technical literature, she demonstrates the weaknesses in the professional risk-assessors' arguments that claim the site is sufficiently safe for such a plan. We should postpone the question of geological disposal for at least a century and use monitored, retrievable, above-ground storage of the waste until then. Her message regarding radwaste is clear: what you can't see can hurt you.