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Deep Geological Disposal Of Radioactive Waste

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Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book
Author : W. R. Alexander,Linda McKinley
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-07-29
ISBN : 9780080468884
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste presents a critical review of designing, siting, constructing and demonstrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radioactive wastes. It is structured to provide a broad perspective of this multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary topic: providing enough detail for a non-specialist to understand the fundamental principles involved and with extensive references to sources of more detailed information. Emphasis is very much on “deep geological disposal – at least some tens of metres below land surface and, in many cases, many hundred of metres deep. Additionally, only radioactive wastes are considered directly – even though such wastes often contain also significant chemotoxic or otherwise hazardous components. Many of the principles involved are generally applicable to other repository options (e.g. near-surface or on-surface disposal) and, indeed, to other types of hazardous waste. Presents a current critical review in designing, siting, constructing and demonsrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radwaste Addresses the fundamental principles of radioactive waste with up-to-date examples and real-world case studies Written for a multi-disciplinary audience, with an appropriate level of detail to allow a non-specialist to understand

Geological Disposal of Carbon Dioxide and Radioactive Waste A Comparative Assessment

Geological Disposal of Carbon Dioxide and Radioactive Waste  A Comparative Assessment Book
Author : Ferenc L. Toth
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-02-21
ISBN : 9789048187126
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fossil fuels will remain the backbone of the global energy economy for the foreseeable future. The contribution of nuclear energy to the global energy supply is also expected to increase. With the pressing need to mitigate climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the fossil energy industry is exploring the possibility of carbon dioxide disposal in geological media. Geological disposal has been studied for decades by the nuclear industry with a view to ensuring the safe containment of its wastes. Geological disposal of carbon dioxide and that of radioactive waste gives rise to many common concerns in domains ranging from geology to public acceptance. In this respect, comparative assessments reveal many similarities, ranging from the transformation of the geological environment and safety and monitoring concerns to regulatory, liability and public acceptance issues. However, there are profound differences on a broad range of issues as well, such as the quantities and hazardous features of the materials to be disposed of, the characteristics of the targeted geological media, the site engineering technologies involved and the timescales required for safe containment at the disposal location. There are ample opportunities to learn from comparisons and to derive insights that will assist policymakers responsible for national energy strategies and international climate policies.

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste Book
Author : Michael J Apted,Joonhong Ahn
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-05-25
ISBN : 0081006527
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste, Second Edition, critically reviews state-of-the-art technologies and scientific methods relating to the implementation of the most effective approaches to the long-term, safe disposition of nuclear waste, also discussing regulatory developments and social engagement approaches as major themes. Chapters in Part One introduce the topic of geological disposal, providing an overview of near-surface, intermediate depth, and deep borehole disposal, spanning low-, medium- and high-level wastes. Part Two addresses the different types of repository systems – crystalline, clay, and salt, also discussing methods of site surveying and construction. The critical safety issue of engineered barrier systems is the focus of Part Three, with coverage ranging from nuclear waste canisters, to buffer and backfill materials. Lastly, Parts Four and Five focus on safety, security, and acceptability, concentrating on repository performance assessment, then radiation protection, environmental monitoring, and social engagement. Comprehensively revised, updated, and expanded with 25% new material on topics of current importance, this is the standard reference for all nuclear waste management and geological repository professionals and researchers. Contains 25% more material on topics of current importance in this new, comprehensive edition Fully updated coverage of both near-surface/intermediate depth, and deep borehole disposal in one convenient volume Goes beyond the scientific and technical aspects of disposal to include the political, regulatory, and societal issues involved, all from an international perspective

Safety Cases for Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Safety Cases for Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book
Author : OECD Nuclear Energy Agency. European Commission. International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9789264990500
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Safety Cases for Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste book written by OECD Nuclear Energy Agency. European Commission. International Atomic Energy Agency, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Key Topics in Deep Geological Disposal Conference Report

Key Topics in Deep Geological Disposal   Conference Report Book
Author : Fanghaenel, Susanne
Publisher : KIT Scientific Publishing
Release : 2015-05-22
ISBN : 3731503832
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Key Topics in Deep Geological Disposal Conference Report book written by Fanghaenel, Susanne, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book
Author : OECD Nuclear Energy Agency,Nea,OECD Staff,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Staff,OECD Nuclear Energy Agency. Radioactive Waste Management Committee,C. Combie
Publisher : Organization for Economic
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report is a review of developments in geological disposal of radioactive waste in the past decade. The primary sources of information are the answers to a questionnaire provided by waste management organisations represented in the NEA Radioactive Waste Management Committee (RWMC).

The French R D Programme on Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

The French R D Programme on Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book
Author : Nuclear Energy Agency
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9789264021365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The French R D Programme on Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste book written by Nuclear Energy Agency, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Disposition of High Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel

Disposition of High Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Radioactive Waste Management,Committee on Disposition of High-Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2001-07-05
ISBN : 0309073170
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focused attention by world leaders is needed to address the substantial challenges posed by disposal of spent nuclear fuel from reactors and high-level radioactive waste from processing such fuel. The biggest challenges in achieving safe and secure storage and permanent waste disposal are societal, although technical challenges remain. Disposition of radioactive wastes in a deep geological repository is a sound approach as long as it progresses through a stepwise decision-making process that takes advantage of technical advances, public participation, and international cooperation. Written for concerned citizens as well as policymakers, this book was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and waste management organizations in eight other countries.

Characterization and Evaluation of Sites for Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste in Fractured Rocks

Characterization and Evaluation of Sites for Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste in Fractured Rocks Book
Author : Svensk kärnbränslehantering AB.
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Characterization and Evaluation of Sites for Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste in Fractured Rocks book written by Svensk kärnbränslehantering AB., available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes and Natural Analogues

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes and Natural Analogues Book
Author : W. Miller,R. Alexander,N. Chapman,John C McKinley,J.A.T. Smellie
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2000-11-09
ISBN : 9780080553054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many countries are currently exploring the option to dispose of highly radioactive solid wastes deep underground in purpose built, engineered repositories. A number of surface and shallow repositories for less radioactive wastes are already in operation. One of the challenges facing the nuclear industry is to demonstrate confidently that a repository will contain wastes for so long that any releases that might take place in the future will pose no significant health or environmental risk. One method for building confidence in the long-term future safety of a repository is to look at the physical and chemical processes which operate in natural and archaeological systems, and to draw appropriate parallels with the repository. For example, to understand why some uranium orebodies have remained isolated underground for billions of years. Such studies are called 'natural analogues'. This book investigates the concept of geological disposal and examines the wide range of natural analogues which have been studied. Lessons learnt from studies of archaeological and natural systems can be used to improve our capabilities for assessing the future safety of a radioactive waste repository.

Radioactive Waste

Radioactive Waste Book
Author : Christian Streffer,Carl Friedrich Gethmann,Georg Kamp,Wolfgang Kröger,Eckard Rehbinder,Ortwin Renn
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-11-16
ISBN : 3642229255
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radioactive waste (above all highly radioactive wastes from nuclear installations) caused by research, medicine and technology must be disposed of safely. However both the strategies disputed for the disposal of radioactive waste as well as concrete proposals for choosing a location for final waste disposal are highly debatable. An appropriate disposal must conform to both complex, technical requirements and fulfill the radio-biological conditions to appropriately protect man and nature. Ethical, legal and social conditions must also be considered. An interdisciplinary team from various, relevant fields compiled the current status-quo and developed criteria and strategies, which on the one hand meet the requirements of optimal warning and prevention of risk for present and future generations, and additionally on the other hand meet the needs of what current society agrees what is expected to be allowed. This study can be understood as an advanced and continuing contribution to the corresponding scientific specialized debates, due to its interdisciplinary treatment. At the same time it serves as a fundamentally informing contribution to public and political debates, offering an easily comprehensible executive summary and precise content recommendations.

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9789201001092
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication examines the possible technological implications of retrievability when developing designs for geological nuclear waste repositories. Disposal strategies including scenarios for retrieving disposed nuclear waste have been driven by a desire to cope with or benefit from new technical advances in waste management and materials technologies, as well as changing social, economic and political conditions. In this respect, the publication analyzes the concepts currently being developed by some countries for the retrieval of emplaced waste packages and any technological provisions that should be incorporated into the design, construction, operational and closure stages of the repository. It is targeted at those responsible for deep geological disposal programs, including repository designers and decision makers.

Scientific and Technical Basis for the Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes

Scientific and Technical Basis for the Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes Book
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : Technical Reports Series
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report considers key safety issues regarding the geological disposal of radioactive waste and focuses on the different functions of a repository within its life cycle. It describes the processes relevant to the containment of long-lived radioactive waste and other processes that might affect the long term integrity of the repository. Chapters include discussion of: the geological disposal concept; near field components and processes; far field barriers and processes; safety and performance assessments.

Considering Timescales in the Post closure Safety of Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Considering Timescales in the Post closure Safety of Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book
Author : OECD Nuclear Energy Agency,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Publisher : Bernan Assoc
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A key challenge in the development of safety cases for the deep geological disposal of radioactive waste is handling the long time frame over which the radioactive waste remains hazardous. The intrinsic hazard of the waste decreases with time, but some hazard remains for extremely long periods. Safety cases for geological disposal typically address performance and protection for thousands to millions of years into the future. Over such periods, a wide range of events and processes operating over many different timescales may affect a repository and its environment. Uncertainties in the predictability of such factors increase with time, making it increasingly difficult to provide definite assurances of a repository's performance and the protection it may provide over longer timescales. Timescales, the level of protection and the assurance of safety are all linked. Approaches to handling timescales for the geological disposal of radioactive waste are influenced by ethical principles, the evolution of the hazard over time, uncertainties in the evolution of the disposal system (and how these uncertainties themselves evolve), and the stability and predictability of the geological environment. Conversely, the approach to handling timescales can affect aspects of repository planning and implementation including regulatory requirements, siting decisions, repository design, the development and presentation of safety cases and the planning of pre- and post-closure institutional controls such as monitoring requirements. This is an area still under discussion among NEA member countries. This report reviews the current status and ongoing discussions of this issue.

International Approaches for Deep Geological Disposal of Nuclear Waste

International Approaches for Deep Geological Disposal of Nuclear Waste Book
Author : Boris Faybishenko,Peter Swift
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download International Approaches for Deep Geological Disposal of Nuclear Waste book written by Boris Faybishenko,Peter Swift, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Conflicts Participation and Acceptability in Nuclear Waste Governance

Conflicts  Participation and Acceptability in Nuclear Waste Governance Book
Author : Achim Brunnengräber,Maria Rosaria Di Nucci
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-12
ISBN : 3658271078
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the last part of a trilogy and concludes a long-term project that focussed on nuclear waste governance in 24 countries. It deals with core themes of the disposal of high-level radioactive waste (HLW), e.g. the wicked problems of housing nuclear waste disposal facilities, public participation and public discourse, voluntarism and compensation in siting as well as the role of advisory bodies and commissions. The volume reflects on the diverse factors that shape the debate on what can be considered an ”acceptable solution” and on various strategies adopted in order to minimise conflicts and possibly increase acceptability. The various theoretical and empirical contributions shed light on several mechanisms and issues touched upon in these strategies, such as the role of trust, voluntarism, economic interests at stake, compensation, ethics, governance, and participation.