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Decision Neuroscience

Decision Neuroscience Book
Author : Jean-Claude Dreher,Leon Tremblay
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-09-27
ISBN : 0128053313
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Decision Neuroscience addresses fundamental questions about how the brain makes perceptual, value-based, and more complex decisions in non-social and social contexts. This book presents compelling neuroimaging, electrophysiological, lesional, and neurocomputational models in combination with hormonal and genetic approaches, which have led to a clearer understanding of the neural mechanisms behind how the brain makes decisions. The five parts of the book address distinct but inter-related topics and are designed to serve both as classroom introductions to major subareas in decision neuroscience and as advanced syntheses of all that has been accomplished in the last decade. Part I is devoted to anatomical, neurophysiological, pharmacological, and optogenetics animal studies on reinforcement-guided decision making, such as the representation of instructions, expectations, and outcomes; the updating of action values; and the evaluation process guiding choices between prospective rewards. Part II covers the topic of the neural representations of motivation, perceptual decision making, and value-based decision making in humans, combining neurcomputational models and brain imaging studies. Part III focuses on the rapidly developing field of social decision neuroscience, integrating recent mechanistic understanding of social decisions in both non-human primates and humans. Part IV covers clinical aspects involving disorders of decision making that link together basic research areas including systems, cognitive, and clinical neuroscience; this part examines dysfunctions of decision making in neurological and psychiatric disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease, schizophrenia, behavioral addictions, and focal brain lesions. Part V focuses on the roles of various hormones (cortisol, oxytocin, ghrelin/leptine) and genes that underlie inter-individual differences observed with stress, food choices, and social decision-making processes. The volume is essential reading for anyone interested in decision making neuroscience. With contributions that are forward-looking assessments of the current and future issues faced by researchers, Decision Neuroscience is essential reading for anyone interested in decision-making neuroscience. Provides comprehensive coverage of approaches to studying individual and social decision neuroscience, including primate neurophysiology, brain imaging in healthy humans and in various disorders, and genetic and hormonal influences on decision making Covers multiple levels of analysis, from molecular mechanisms to neural-systems dynamics and computational models of how we make choices Discusses clinical implications of process dysfunctions, including schizophrenia, Parkinson’s disease, eating disorders, drug addiction, and pathological gambling Features chapters from top international researchers in the field and full-color presentation throughout with numerous illustrations to highlight key concepts

Neuroscience of Decision Making

Neuroscience of Decision Making Book
Author : Oshin Vartanian,David R. Mandel
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2011-04-14
ISBN : 113685987X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The intersection between the fields of behavioral decision research and neuroscience has proved to be fertile ground for interdisciplinary research. Whereas the former is rich in formalized models of choice, the latter is rife with techniques for testing behavioral models at the brain level. As a result, there has been the rapid emergence of progressively more sophisticated biological models of choice, geared toward the development of ever more complete mechanistic models of behavior. This volume provides a coherent framework for distilling some of the key themes that have emerged as a function of this research program, and highlights what we have learned about judgment and decision making as a result. Although topics that are theoretically relevant to judgment and decision making researchers are addressed, the book also ventures somewhat beyond the traditional boundaries of this area to tackle themes that would of interest to a greater community of scholars. Neuroscience of Decision Making provides contemporary and essential reading for researchers and students of cognitive psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, and economics.

Psychological Perspectives on Financial Decision Making

Psychological Perspectives on Financial Decision Making Book
Author : Tomasz Zaleskiewicz,Jakub Traczyk
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-21
ISBN : 3030455009
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews the latest research from psychology, neuroscience, and behavioral economics evaluating how people make financial choices in real-life circumstances. The volume is divided into three sections investigating financial decision making at the level of the brain, the level of an individual decision maker, and the level of the society, concluding with a discussion of the implications for further research. Among the topics discussed: Neural and hormonal bases of financial decision making Personality, cognitive abilities, emotions, and financial decisions Aging and financial decision making Coping methods for making financial choices under uncertainty Stock market crashes and market bubbles Psychological perspectives on borrowing, paying taxes, gambling, and charitable giving Psychological Perspectives on Financial Decision Making is a useful reference for researchers both in and outside of psychology, including decision-making experts, consumer psychologists, and behavioral economists.

Decision Making Neural and Behavioural Approaches

Decision Making  Neural and Behavioural Approaches Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-01-10
ISBN : 0444626077
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This well-established international series examines major areas of basic and clinical research within neuroscience, as well as emerging and promising subfields.This volume explores interdisciplinary research on decision making taking a neural and behavioural approach Leading authors review the state-of-the-art in their field of investigation, and provide their views and perspectives for future research Chapters are extensively referenced to provide readers with a comprehensive list of resources on the topics covered All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is also accessible to the non-specialist

Neuroeconomics Judgment and Decision Making

Neuroeconomics  Judgment  and Decision Making Book
Author : Evan A. Wilhelms,Valerie F. Reyna
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2014-07-11
ISBN : 1317652746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume explores how and why people make judgments and decisions that have economic consequences, and what the implications are for human well-being. It provides an integrated review of the latest research from many different disciplines, including social, cognitive, and developmental psychology; neuroscience and neurobiology; and economics and business. The book has six areas of focus: historical foundations; cognitive consistency and inconsistency; heuristics and biases; neuroeconomics and neurobiology; developmental and individual differences; and improving decisions. Throughout, the contributors draw out implications from traditional behavioral research as well as evidence from neuroscience. In recent years, neuroscientific methods have matured, beyond being simply correlational and descriptive, into theoretical prediction and explanation, and this has opened up many new areas of discovery about economic behavior that are reviewed in the book. In the final part, there are applications of the research to cognitive development, individual differences, and the improving of decisions. The book takes a broad perspective and is written in an accessible way so as to reach a wide audience of advanced students and researchers interested in behavioral economics and related areas. This includes neuroscientists, neuropsychologists, clinicians, psychologists (developmental, social, and cognitive), economists and other social scientists; legal scholars and criminologists; professionals in public health and medicine; educators; evidence-based practitioners; and policy-makers.

Decision Making Experiments under a Philosophical Analysis Human Choice as a Challenge for Neuroscience

Decision Making Experiments under a Philosophical Analysis  Human Choice as a Challenge for Neuroscience Book
Author : Gabriel José Corrêa Mograbi,Carlos Eduardo Batista de Sousa
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-10-15
ISBN : 2889196682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This introduction just aims to be a fast foreword to the special topic now turned into an e-book. The Editorial "Decision-Making Experiments under a Philosophical Analysis: Human Choice as a Challenge for Neuroscience" alongside with my opinion article "Neurophilosophical considerations on decision making: Pushing-up the frontiers without disregarding their foundations" play the real role of considering in more details the articles and the whole purpose of this e-book. What I must highlight in this foreword is that our intention with such a project was to deepen into the very foundations of our current paradigms in decision neuroscience and to philosophically moot its foundations and repercussions. Normal Science (a term coined by Philosopher Thomas Kuhn) works under a research consensus among a scientific community: A shared paradigm, consolidated methods, widespread convictions. Pragmatically, winning formulas must be kept, although, not at any cost. What differentiates a gifted and revolutionary scientist from a more bureaucratic colleague is the capacity and willingness of constantly reevaluating, depurating and refining his/her own paradigm. That is best strategy to avoid that a paradigm itself would gradually come under challenge. In my view, some achievements, in this sense, were brought about in our project. The e-book will be inspiring and informative for both neuroscientists that are concerned with the very foundations of their works and for philosophers that are not blind to empirical evidence. Kant once said: “Thoughts without content are empty, intuitions without concepts are blind”. Paraphrasing Kant we could say: Philosophy without science is empty, science without philosophy is blind.

The Journal of Neuroscience

The Journal of Neuroscience Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Journal of Neuroscience book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Neuroscience and the Economics of Decision Making

Neuroscience and the Economics of Decision Making Book
Author : Alessandro Innocenti
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0415678439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This collection reflects the very latest research in neuroscience, psychology and the economics of decision-making. The practice of investigating decision-making from the phases of information collecting and processing to the impact of cognitive processes in economic and social interaction, is a relatively new one in the field of brain research. As such, it involves a new kind of scientist, using different methods and data. This interdisciplinary volume represents a state-of-the-art analysis of the field of neuroscience and economic decision-making. The models of decision-making reported in the book are tested through experimental methods, an approach which is popular in psychology and economics, but still relatively new in the field of neuroscience.This volume explores six key areas:Neural Foundations of Decision-Making Evidence on the Neuroscientific Foundations of Decision-Making Emotions in Decision-Making Learning and Risk Attitude in Decision-Making Probability and Judgment in Decision-Making Eye-tracking Studies of Decision-Making This volume will be of great interest to students and researchers in the fields of political economy, experimental economics and behavioural economics"

Neurobiology of Decision Making

Neurobiology of Decision Making Book
Author : Antonio R. Damasio,Hanna Damasio
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642799280
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroscience has paid only little attention to decision-making for many years. Although no field of science has cohered around this topic, a variety of researchers in different areas of neuroscience ranging from cellular physiology to neuropsychology and computational neuroscience have been engaged in working on this issue. Thus, the time seemed to be ripe to bring these researchers together and discuss the state of the art of the neurobiology of decision-making in a broad forum. This book is a collection of contributions presented at that forum in Paris in October 1994 organized by the Fondation IPSEN.

Towards a neuroscience of social interaction

Towards a neuroscience of social interaction Book
Author : Ulrich Pfeiffer,Bert Timmermans,Kai Vogeley,Chris Frith,Leonhard Schilbach
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2021-04-16
ISBN : 9782889191048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The burgeoning field of social neuroscience has begun to illuminate the complex biological bases of human social cognitive abilities. However, in spite of being based on the premise of investigating the neural bases of interacting minds, the majority of studies have focused on studying brains in isolation using paradigms that investigate offline social cognition, i.e. social cognition from a detached observer's point of view, asking study participants to read out the mental states of others without being engaged in interaction with them. Consequently, the neural correlates of real-time social interaction have remained elusive and may —paradoxically— represent the 'dark matter' of social neuroscience. More recently, a growing number of researchers have begun to study online social cognition, i.e. social cognition from a participant's point of view, based on the assumption that there is something fundamentally different when we are actively engaged with others in real-time social interaction as compared to when we merely observe them. Whereas, for offline social cognition, interaction and feedback are merely a way of gathering data about the other person that feeds into processing algorithms 'inside’ the agent, it has been proposed that in online social cognition the knowledge of the other —at least in part— resides in the interaction dynamics ‘between’ the agents. Furthermore being a participant in an ongoing interaction may entail a commitment toward being responsive created by important differences in the motivational foundations of online and offline social cognition. In order to promote the development of the neuroscientific investigation of online social cognition, this Frontiers Research Topic aims at bringing together contributions from researchers in social neuroscience and related fields, whose work involves the study of at least two individuals and sometimes two brains, rather than single individuals and brains responding to a social context. Specifically, this Research Topic will adopt an interdisciplinary perspective on what it is that separates online from offline social cognition and the putative differences in the recruitment of underlying processes and mechanisms. Here, an important focal point will be to address the various roles of social interaction in contributing to and —at times— constituting our awareness of other minds. For this Research Topic, we, therefore, solicit reviews, original research articles, opinion and method papers, which address the investigation of social interaction and go beyond traditional concepts and ways of experimentation in doing so. While focusing on work in the neurosciences, this Research Topic also welcomes contributions in the form of behavioral studies, psychophysiological investigations, methodological innovations, computational approaches, developmental and patient studies. By focusing on cutting-edge research in social neuroscience and related fields, this Frontiers Research Topic will create new insights concerning the neurobiology of social interaction and holds the promise of helping social neuroscience to really go social.

Neuroscience perspectives on Security Technology Detection and Decision Making

Neuroscience perspectives on Security  Technology  Detection  and Decision Making Book
Author : Elena Rusconi,Kenneth C. Scott-Brown,Andrea Szymkowiak
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-08-03
ISBN : 2889196003
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In security science, efficient operation depends typically on the interaction between technology, human and machine detection and human and machine decision making. A perfect example of this interplay is ‘gatekeeping’, which is aimed to prevent the passage of people and objects that represent known threats from one end to the other end of an access point. Gatekeeping is most often achieved via visual inspections, mass screening, random sample probing and/or more targeted controls on attempted passages at points of entry. Points of entry may be physical (e.g. national borders) or virtual (e.g. connection log-ons). Who and what are defined as security threats and the resources available to gatekeepers determine the type of checks and technologies that are put in place to ensure appropriate access control. More often than not, the net performance of technology-aided screening and authentication systems ultimately depends on the characteristics of human operators. Assessing cognitive, affective, behavioural, perceptual and brain processes that may affect gatekeepers while undertaking this task is fundamental. On the other hand, assessing the same processes in those individuals who try to breach access to secure systems (e.g. hackers), and try to cheat controls (e.g. smugglers) is equally fundamental and challenging. From a security standpoint it is vital to be able to anticipate, focus on and correctly interpret the signals connected with such attempts to breach access and/or elude controls, in order to be proactive and to enact appropriate responses. Knowing cognitive, behavioral, social and neural constraints that may affect the security enterprise will undoubtedly result in a more effective deployment of existing human and technological resources. Studying how inter-observer variability, human factors and biology may affect the security agenda, and the usability of existing security technologies, is of great economic and policy interest. In addition, brain sciences may suggest the possibility of novel methods of surveillance and intelligence gathering. This is just one example of a typical security issue that may be fruitfully tackled from a neuroscientific and interdisciplinary perspective. The objective of our Research Topic was to document across relevant disciplines some of the most recent developments, ideas, methods and empirical findings that have the potential to expand our knowledge of the human factors involved in the security process. To this end we welcomed empirical contributions using different methodologies such as those applied in human cognitive neuroscience, biometrics and ethology. We also accepted original theoretical contributions, in the form of review articles, perspectives or opinion papers on this topic. The submissions brought together researchers from different backgrounds to discuss topics which have scientific, applicative and social relevance.

Ohio State Journal on Dispute Resolution

Ohio State Journal on Dispute Resolution Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Ohio State Journal on Dispute Resolution book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Cambridge Handbook of Human Affective Neuroscience

The Cambridge Handbook of Human Affective Neuroscience Book
Author : Jorge Armony,Patrik Vuilleumier
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-01-21
ISBN : 1107001110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook is the only single volume to capture the current range of neuroscience approaches to human emotion. The contributions, written by the world's leading scientists in the field, address a wide variety of topics, from face and voice perception to pain and music, as well as social behaviors, decision making, and individual differences.

Decision Making in Neurovascular Disease

Decision Making in Neurovascular Disease Book
Author : Leonardo Rangel-Castilla,Peter Nakaji,Adnan H. Siddiqui
Publisher : Thieme
Release : 2018-05-07
ISBN : 1626237786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurovascular medicine has emerged as an established, semi-independent subspecialty of neurology and neurosurgery. Decision Making in Neurovascular Disease focuses on the challenging process of determining the best approach for managing patients with intracranial atherosclerosis, carotid artery disease, stroke, aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, arteriovenous fistulae, cavernous malformations, and hypervascular tumors. Leonardo Rangel-Castilla, Robert Spetzler, esteemed coauthors, and an impressive cadre of experts discuss highly divergent modalities including medical management, open cerebrovascular, endovascular, radiosurgery, and combined/multimodality alternatives. The book is organized into seven sections: Ischemic Stroke and Vascular Insufficiency, Aneurysms – Anterior Circulation, Aneurysms – Posterior Circulation, Aneurysms – Other, Arteriovenous Malformations and Fistula, Cavernous Malformations, and Hypervascular Tumors. Chapters include an introduction, decision-making algorithm, whether to treat, conservative management, anatomical considerations, clinical and imaging evaluation, differential diagnosis, treatment options, images, clinical and radiographic follow-up, and suggested reading. Key highlights Simple algorithms accompanying 71 chapters supported by the latest, most updated information in the literature More than 300 radiologic images help elucidate disease-specific treatment decision making Step-by-step guidance, clinical pearls, surgical nuances, complication avoidance, and evidence-based outcomes provide in-depth understanding Point/counterpoint expert commentary on each case provides balanced insights on potential implications of specific treatments This essential step-by-step book is a must-have for residents and fellows in neurosurgery, neurology, endovascular, interventional radiology, vascular neurology, and neurocritical care, as well as veteran clinicians in these specialties.

Neurobiology of Choice

Neurobiology of Choice Book
Author : Daeyeol Lee,Paul Glimcher,Julia Trommershaeuser
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2012-01-01
ISBN : 2889190110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research on economic decision-making seeks to understand how subjects choose between plans of action (lotteries, gambles, prospects) that have economic consequences. The key difficulty in making such decisions is that typically no plan of action available to the decision-maker guarantees a specific outcome, rather, consequences are risky or uncertain. More recently, researchers in psychology, behavioral and computational neuroscience and psychology have started to apply these theoretical principles to studying choice behavior and its neural basis in the laboratory, for instance in electrophysiological studies of animals making choices for primary reward such as juice and neuroimaging studies of humans making choices for money. Moreover, researchers across all these fields are, in parallel, studying how decisions are guided by learning and how the computations relevant to decisions and choices are represented neurally. This emerging field of theoretically grounded decision neuroscience is now known as "neuroeconomics." With this Research Topic, we aim to solicit contributions from researchers from the fields of neurobiology, behavioral and computational neuroscience and economics which discuss the neural computations underlying decision-making and adaptive behavior.

Epistemology of Decision

Epistemology of Decision Book
Author : Mario Graziano
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-09-11
ISBN : 9400754272
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An epistemological analysis of the decision, this book includes a critical analysis through the continuous reference to an interdisciplinary approach including a synthesis of philosophical approaches, biology and neuroscience. --

Decision Making in Neurocritical Care

Decision Making in Neurocritical Care Book
Author : Jennifer A Frontera
Publisher : Thieme
Release : 2011-01-01
ISBN : 1604061634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Praise for this book:Chapters are clearly written and...[the] black-and-white illustrations and reproductions of cerebral radiographs are of remarkably good quality...an excellent multidisciplinary overview.--Doody's ReviewFrom important aspects of the physical examination to imaging studies to treatment options and dosage guidelines, Decision Making in Neurocritical Care provides a solid introduction to the evidence-based management of patients in the neurological intensive care unit. Succinct text in a highly accessible bullet-point format details the essentials of history-taking, physical examination, differential diagnosis, diagnostic evaluation, and treatments for a range of neurological problems in the critical care setting.Special features: Brief vignettes of typical cases emphasize key questions for the physician to consider and urgent orders to be given Coverage of the basics of neurocritical care, including techniques of intubation, ventilator management, sedation, and multimodality monitoring Pearls and pitfalls highlight key points in patient management Convenient medication tables, including dosages, adverse effects, and contraindications Consistent presentation in each chapter enhances ease of use Ideal for neurologists, neurosurgeons and critical care physicians at all levels, this book is invaluable for optimizing patient care. It is also an excellent choice for board review preparation in these specialties.

Extended Prospect Theory

Extended Prospect Theory Book
Author : Evert Jan van de Kaa
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Extended Prospect Theory book written by Evert Jan van de Kaa, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Mind Within the Brain

The Mind Within the Brain Book
Author : A. David Redish
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-08-01
ISBN : 0199891885
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book details the science behind decision-making in humans. Understanding how the human decision-making system works has enormous implications for understanding who we are, what we do, and why we make the choices we make. By bringing together the tremendous work that has been done by many scientists researching brains, decision-making, and machines over the last few decades, we can begin to get an understanding of ourselves. In this book, with humor, science, and poetry, David Redishdiscusses what is known about how brains work, what is known about how we make decisions, and what is known about how that decision-making machinery can break down under certain conditions to explain irrationality, addiction, and other strange behavior. The primary thesis of this book is that humans are animals that make decisions through computations engaged in by a decision-making machine. This book brings together the new technological breakthroughs that have appeared in the last few decades, the new theoretical progress that has been made in the neuroscience of decision-making in the last decade, and new revelations concerning how decision-making systems fail in both human and non-human mammals, to create a unified theory of decision-making and its vulnerabilities.

Revolution in Marketing Market Driving Changes

Revolution in Marketing  Market Driving Changes Book
Author : Harlan E. Spotts
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-23
ISBN : 3319117610
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Founded in 1971, the Academy of Marketing Science is an international organization dedicated to promoting timely explorations of phenomena related to the science of marketing in theory, research, and practice. Among its services to members and the community at large, the Academy offers conferences, congresses and symposia that attract delegates from around the world. Presentations from these events are published in this Proceedings series, which offers a comprehensive archive of volumes reflecting the evolution of the field. Volumes deliver cutting-edge research and insights, complimenting the Academy’s flagship journals, the Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science (JAMS) and AMS Review. Volumes are edited by leading scholars and practitioners across a wide range of subject areas in marketing science. This volume includes the full proceedings from the 2006 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference held in San Antonio, Texas, entitled Revolution in Marketing: Market Driving Changes.