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Decision Making In Medicine

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Medical Decision Making

Medical Decision Making Book
Author : Harold C. Sox,Michael C. Higgins,Douglas K. Owens
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-05-08
ISBN : 1118341562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book clearly demonstrates how to best make medicaldecisions while incorporating clinical practice guidelines anddecision support systems for electronic medical record systems. New to this edition is how medical decision making ideas arebeing incorporated into clinical decision support systems inelectronic medical records and also how they are being used toshape practice guidelines and policies.

Decision Making in Medicine

Decision Making in Medicine Book
Author : Stuart B. Mushlin,Harry L. Greene
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2009-10-27
ISBN : 0323041078
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This popular reference facilitates diagnostic and therapeutic decision making for a wide range of common and often complex problems faced in outpatient and inpatient medicine. Comprehensive algorithmic decision trees guide you through more than 250 disorders organized by sign, symptom, problem, or laboratory abnormality. The brief text accompanying each algorithm explains the key steps of the decision making process, giving you the clear, clinical guidelines you need to successfully manage even your toughest cases. An algorithmic format makes it easy to apply the practical, decision-making approaches used by seasoned clinicians in daily practice. Comprehensive coverage of general and internal medicine helps you successfully diagnose and manage a full range of diseases and disorders related to women's health, emergency medicine, urology, behavioral medicine, pharmacology, and much more. A Table of Contents arranged by organ system helps you to quickly and easily zero in on the information you need. More than a dozen new topics focus on the key diseases and disorders encountered in daily practice. Fully updated decision trees guide you through the latest diagnostic and management guidelines.

Decision Making in Health and Medicine

Decision Making in Health and Medicine Book
Author : M. G. Myriam Hunink,Milton C. Weinstein,Eve Wittenberg,Joseph S. Pliskin,Michael F. Drummond,Paul P. Glasziou,John B. Wong
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-10-16
ISBN : 1107690471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A guide for everyone involved in medical decision making to plot a clear course through complex and conflicting benefits and risks.

Medical Decision Making

Medical Decision Making Book
Author : Alan Schwartz,George Bergus
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2008-05-29
ISBN : 9781107320062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Decision making is a key activity, perhaps the most important activity, in the practice of healthcare. Although physicians acquire a great deal of knowledge and specialised skills during their training and through their practice, it is in the exercise of clinical judgement and its application to individual patients that the outstanding physician is distinguished. This has become even more relevant as patients become increasingly welcomed as partners in a shared decision making process. This book translates the research and theory from the science of decision making into clinically useful tools and principles that can be applied by clinicians in the field. It considers issues of patient goals, uncertainty, judgement, choice, development of new information, and family and social concerns in healthcare. It helps to demystify decision theory by emphasizing concepts and clinical cases over mathematics and computation.

Healthcare Decision Making and the Law

Healthcare Decision Making and the Law Book
Author : Mary Donnelly
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-11-18
ISBN : 1139491849
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This analysis of the law's approach to healthcare decision-making critiques its liberal foundations in respect of three categories of people: adults with capacity, adults without capacity and adults who are subject to mental health legislation. Focusing primarily on the law in England and Wales, the analysis also draws on the law in the United States, legal positions in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand and Scotland and on the human rights protections provided by the ECHR and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Having identified the limitations of a legal view of autonomy as primarily a principle of non-interference, Mary Donnelly questions the effectiveness of capacity as a gatekeeper for the right of autonomy and advocates both an increased role for human rights in developing the conceptual basis for the law and the grounding of future legal developments in a close empirical interrogation of the law in practice.

How to Think in Medicine

How to Think in Medicine Book
Author : Milos Jenicek
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-08-06
ISBN : 1351684027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mastery of quality health care and patient safety begins as soon as we open the hospital doors for the first time and start acquiring practical experience. The acquisition of such experience includes much more than the development of sensorimotor skills and basic knowledge of sciences. It relies on effective reason, decision making, and communication shared by all health professionals, including physicians, nurses, dentists, pharmacists, and administrators. How to Think in Medicine, Reasoning, Decision Making, and Communications in Health Sciences is about these essential skills. It describes how physicians and health professionals reason, make decision, and practice medicine. Covering the basic considerations related to clinical and caregiver reasoning, it lays out a roadmap to help those new to health care as well as seasoned veterans overcome the complexities of working for the well-being of those who trust us with their physical and mental health. This book provides a step-by-step breakdown of the reasoning process for clinical work and clinical care. It examines both the general and medical ways of thinking, reasoning, argumentation, fact finding, and using evidence. It explores the principles of formal logic as applied to clinical problems and the use of evidence in logical reasoning. In addition to outline the fundamentals of decision making, it integrates coverage of clinical reasoning risk assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis in evidence-based medicine. Presented in four sections, this book discusses the history and position of the problem and the challenge of medical thinking; provides the philosophy interfacing topics of interest for health sciences professionals including the probabilities, uncertainties, risks, and other quantifications in health by steps of clinical work; decision making in clinical and community health care, research, and practice; Communication in clinical and community care including how to write medical articles, clinical case studies and case reporting, and oral and written communication in clinical and community practice and care.

How Doctors Think

How Doctors Think Book
Author : Jerome Groopman
Publisher : HarperCollins
Release : 2008-03-12
ISBN : 0547348630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

On average, a physician will interrupt a patient describing her symptoms within eighteen seconds. In that short time, many doctors decide on the likely diagnosis and best treatment. Often, decisions made this way are correct, but at crucial moments they can also be wrong—with catastrophic consequences. In this myth-shattering book, Jerome Groopman pinpoints the forces and thought processes behind the decisions doctors make. Groopman explores why doctors err and shows when and how they can—with our help—avoid snap judgments, embrace uncertainty, communicate effectively, and deploy other skills that can profoundly impact our health. This book is the first to describe in detail the warning signs of erroneous medical thinking and reveal how new technologies may actually hinder accurate diagnoses. How Doctors Think offers direct, intelligent questions patients can ask their doctors to help them get back on track. Groopman draws on a wealth of research, extensive interviews with some of the country’s best doctors, and his own experiences as a doctor and as a patient. He has learned many of the lessons in this book the hard way, from his own mistakes and from errors his doctors made in treating his own debilitating medical problems. How Doctors Think reveals a profound new view of twenty-first-century medical practice, giving doctors and patients the vital information they need to make better judgments together.

Berman s Pediatric Decision Making E Book

Berman s Pediatric Decision Making E Book Book
Author : Lalit Bajaj,Simon Hambidge,Ann-Christine Nyquist,Gwendolyn Kerby
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2011-08-08
ISBN : 0323087027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Berman’s Pediatric Decision Making uses an algorithmic, structured approach to lead you to the right diagnosis and treatment every time. Drs. Lalit Baja, Simon Hambidge, Ann-Christine Nyquist, and Gwendolyn Kerby use evidence-based research and flow charts for each presenting complaint or specific disorder to provide quick access to the information you need for effective decision making. With updated drug tables and revised algorithms, this streamlined new edition makes it even easier for you to diagnose and manage common clinical problems from infancy through adolescence. Rapidly access guidance on diagnosis and management from algorithms for each clinical disorder. Treat the full range of diseases and disorders with comprehensive coverage of diagnosis, assessment of severity, and clinical management. Choose the best treatment for each case thanks to indications for surgical interventions as well as expensive diagnostic procedures Stay current on recent developments and make effective decisions for movement disorders, physical abuse in children, sexual abuse in children, eating disorders, ADHD, and other hot topics. Find answers quickly and easily with a new table of contents organized into two sections—Presenting Complaints and Specific Disorders—that reduces the need to flip between chapters. Tap into the diverse perspectives of expert authors from all over the country. Get only the information you need in the streamlined new edition with shorter, more user-friendly flow diagrams and fewer specialized chapters.

Decision Making in Emergency Medicine

Decision Making in Emergency Medicine Book
Author : Manda Raz,Pourya Pouryahya
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-05-30
ISBN : 9789811601422
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book covers various scenarios when errors, biases and systemic barriers prevail in emergency medicine, discusses their impact, and then offers solutions to mitigate their undesired outcomes. The process of clinical reasoning in emergency medicine is a complex exercise in cognition, judgment and problem-solving that is prone to mistakes. The book presents various cases written by a team of emergency specialists and trainees in an engaging format that is helpful for the practicing and teaching emergency doctor and trainees. The book discusses 51 different types of biases and errors with clinical cases, and knowledge of strategies to mitigate them—a concept known as ‘cognitive debiasing’ that has the potential to reduce diagnostic error, and therefore, morbidity and mortality. It aims to help the readers during assessment of patients in the emergency department. Each chapter includes 4 cases illustrating the bias, error or barrier discussed, followed by a potential solution. This book helps in polishing the thinking and behavior of the readers so to potentially enhance their clinical competence in emergency department.

Emergency Medicine Decision Making Critical Issues in Chaotic Environments

Emergency Medicine Decision Making  Critical Issues in Chaotic Environments Book
Author : Scott Weingart,Peter Wyer
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2006
ISBN : 007144212X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Publisher's Note: Products purchased from Third Party sellers are not guaranteed by the publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. Evidence-Based Emergency Medicine, a highly readable primer, will be the first book to teach EBM principles and their clinical application with the unique mindset and needs of the Emergency Medicine physician in mind This one-of-a-kind guide discusses the search, evaluation, and proper use of the literature of emergency medicine, from textbooks to trials and qualitative studies to systematic reviews. It reveals how and where to find the quality information needed when seconds count. Fully exploring medical decision making using cognitive psychology, Bayesian analysis and more, it shows how to apply the knowledge they provide to achieve superior diagnosis and management of ED patients. The avoidance of medical errors is emphasized through the precepts of critical thinking and heuristics.

Medical Thinking

Medical Thinking Book
Author : Steven Schwartz,Timothy Griffin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461249546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Decision making is the physician's major activity. Every day, in doctors' offices throughout the world, patients describe their symptoms and com plaints while doctors perform examinations, order tests, and, on the basis of these data, decide what is wrong and what should be done. Although the process may appear routine-even to the physicians in volved-each step in the sequence requires skilled clinical judgment. Physicians must decide: which symptoms are important, whether any laboratory tests should be done, how the various items of clinical data should be combined, and, finally, which of several treatments (including doing nothing) is indicated. Although much of the information used in clinical decision making is objective, the physician's values (a belief that pain relief is more important than potential addiction to pain-killing drugs, for example) and subjectivity are as much a part of the clinical process as the objective findings of laboratory tests. In recent years, both physicians and psychologists have come to realize that patient management decisions are not only subjective but also prob abilistic (although this is not always acknowledged overtly). When doc tors argue that an operation is fairly safe because it has a mortality rate of only 1 %, they are at least implicitly admitting that the outcome of their decision is based on probability.

Shared Decision Making in Health Care

Shared Decision Making in Health Care Book
Author : Glyn Elwyn,Adrian Edwards,Rachel Thompson
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-07-22
ISBN : 0191035106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past decade health care systems around the world have placed increasing importance on the relationship between patient choice and clinical decision-making. In the years since the publication of the second edition of Shared Decision Making in Health Care, there have been significant new developments in the field, most notably in the US where 'Obamacare' puts shared decision making (SDM) at the centre of the 2009 Affordable Care Act. This new edition explores shared decision making by examining, from practical and theoretical perspectives, what should comprise an effective decision-making process. It also looks at the benefits and potential difficulties that arise when patients and clinicians share health care decisions. Written by leading experts from around the world and utilizing high quality evidence, the book provides an up-to-date reference with real-word context to the topics discussed, and in-depth coverage of the practicalities of implementing and teaching SDM. The breadth of information in Shared Decision Making in Health Care makes it an essential resource for policy-makers and health care workers. As health care systems adapt to increasingly collaborative patient-clinician care frameworks, this will also prove a useful guide to SDM for clinicians of all disciplines.

The Ethics of Shared Decision Making

The Ethics of Shared Decision Making Book
Author : John D. Lantos
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2021-08-17
ISBN : 0197598595
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Patients today are more empowered and knowledgeable than they have ever been. By law, they must be told about the risks and benefits of proposed treatments and give informed consent before treatment is initiated. Through the democratization of medical information, they have access to peer-reviewed medical journals. Social media allows patients to share stories with others and to learn about other people's experiences with various treatments. There are websites written by experts at leading medical schools to help patients understand diseases and treatments. They have the right to see their medical records. The net result of all changes is a shift in the power balance between doctors and patients. Ideally, as a result of these shifts, the patients' values and preferences should guide treatment decisions. However, this proliferation of information often leads to confusion rather than clarity. Publicly available information often includes seemingly contradictory conclusions and recommendations. Patients don't know which opinions to trust. So, although patients have more information than ever, and many want to make decisions for themselves, they need more guidance than ever to help them process an avalanche of information. This volume aims to help both medical professionals and their patients navigate the evolving healthcare landscape by analyzing the process of shared decision-making (SDM) in clinical medicine. The concept of SDM has emerged in the last two decades as a middle ground between, on the one hand, old-fashinioned physician paternalism of the "doctor-knows-best" variety and, on the other hand, unfettered patient autonomy by which patients are thought capable of individually and independently choosing their own medical interventions. Advocates of SDM imagine that decisions will be made best if they follow a complex discussion and negotiation between doctor and patient; such discussions should incorporate the doctor's medical and technical expertise as well as the patient's goals, values, and preferences. SDM takes different forms for different patients in different clinical circumstances. This volume gathers experts in SDM to share their insights about how it ought to be done. The authors include clinicians, social scientist, and philosophers, all of whom have thought about or cared for patients from a variety of backgrounds and in a variety of clinical circumstances. The papers explore the complexity of SDM and offer practical guidance, gained from years of experience, about how to employ SDM as effectively as possible.

Mental Health Policy Practice and Service Accessibility in Contemporary Society

Mental Health Policy  Practice  and Service Accessibility in Contemporary Society Book
Author : Martin, Jennifer M.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2018-10-05
ISBN : 1522574034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mental health and wellbeing has become an increasingly important issue that impacts communities in multiple ways. A critical discussion on the understanding and access of mental health services by people from diverse backgrounds is important to improving global healthcare practices in modern society. Mental Health Policy, Practice, and Service Accessibility in Contemporary Society provides innovative insights into contemporary and future issues within the field of mental healthcare. The content within this publication represents the work of medical funding, social inclusion, and social work education. It is a vital reference source for post-graduate students, medical researchers, psychology professionals, sociologists, and academicians seeking coverage on topics centered on improving future practices in mental health and wellbeing.

Modeling in Medical Decision Making

Modeling in Medical Decision Making Book
Author : Giovanni Parmigiani
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release : 2002-03
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical decision making has evolved in recent years, as more complex problems are being faced and addressed based on increasingly large amounts of data. In parallel, advances in computing power have led to a host of new and powerful statistical tools to support decision making. Simulation-based Bayesian methods are especially promising, as they provide a unified framework for data collection, inference, and decision making. In addition, these methods are simple to implement and can help to address the most pressing practical and ethical concerns arising in medical decision making. * Provides an overview of the necessary methodological background, including Bayesian inference, Monte Carlo simulation, and utility theory. * Driven by three real applications, presented as extensively detailed case studies. * Case studies include simplified versions of the analysis, to approach complex modelling in stages. * Features coverage of meta-analysis, decision analysis, and comprehensive decision modeling. * Accessible to readers with only a basic statistical knowledge. Primarily aimed at students and practitioners of biostatistics, the book will also appeal to those working in statistics, medical informatics, evidence-based medicine, health economics, health service research and health policy.

Decision Making in Perioperative Medicine Clinical Pearls

Decision Making in Perioperative Medicine  Clinical Pearls Book
Author : Steven L. Cohn
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2021-05-22
ISBN : 1260468119
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Minimize risk for every surgery-bound patient with this concise, high-yield clinical reference With new surgical advances and innovations, more older, sicker, higher-risk patients are undergoing surgery. Expertly assessing and managing patients with comorbidities who are undergoing surgical procedures is an absolutely critical task today—and Decision Making in Perioperative Medicine: Clinical Pearls will ensure that you make the right decisions through every step of the process. Which risk calculator should you use? How long should you delay surgery after percutaneous coronary intervention? Should the patient continue taking aspirin? How long before surgery should you stop a direct-acting oral anticoagulant? Decision Making in Perioperative Medicine: Clinical Pearls answers your questions when it comes to perioperative care. Filled with algorithms, tables, and clinical pearls, this practical resource is organized into three sections: Key takeaways on preoperative evaluation, testing, anesthesia, and medication management Expert guidance on evaluating the effect of comorbidities on surgical outcome and providing strategies for medical optimization to minimize risk Review of common postoperative medical complications and treatment Whether you’re a hospitalist, internist, family physician, anesthesiologist, physician assistant, or nurse practitioner, Decision Making in Perioperative Medicine: Clinical Pearls provides the evidence-based information and insights you need to make sure every surgery-bound patient receives the quality of care and management they deserve.

Applications of Multi Criteria Decision Making Theories in Healthcare and Biomedical Engineering

Applications of Multi Criteria Decision Making Theories in Healthcare and Biomedical Engineering Book
Author : Ilker Ozsahin,Dilber Uzun Ozsahin,Berna Uzun
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-25
ISBN : 0128240873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applications of Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Theories in Healthcare and Biomedical Engineering contains several practical applications on how decision-making theory could be used in solving problems relating to the selection of best alternatives. The book focuses on assisting decision-makers (government, organizations, companies, general public, etc.) in making the best and most appropriate decision when confronted with multiple alternatives. The purpose of the analytical MCDM techniques is to support decision makers under uncertainty and conflicting criteria while making logical decisions. The knowledge of the alternatives of the real-life problems, properties of their parameters, and the priority given to the parameters have a great effect on consequences in decision-making. In this book, the application of MCDM has been provided for the real-life problems in health and biomedical engineering issues. Provides a comprehensive analysis and application multi-criteria decision-making methods Presents detail information about MCDM and their usage Covers state-of-the-art MCDM methods and offers applications of MCDM for health and biomedical engineering purposes

Fundamentals of Clinical Data Science

Fundamentals of Clinical Data Science Book
Author : Pieter Kubben,Michel Dumontier,Andre Dekker
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-21
ISBN : 3319997130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book comprehensively covers the fundamentals of clinical data science, focusing on data collection, modelling and clinical applications. Topics covered in the first section on data collection include: data sources, data at scale (big data), data stewardship (FAIR data) and related privacy concerns. Aspects of predictive modelling using techniques such as classification, regression or clustering, and prediction model validation will be covered in the second section. The third section covers aspects of (mobile) clinical decision support systems, operational excellence and value-based healthcare. Fundamentals of Clinical Data Science is an essential resource for healthcare professionals and IT consultants intending to develop and refine their skills in personalized medicine, using solutions based on large datasets from electronic health records or telemonitoring programmes. The book’s promise is “no math, no code”and will explain the topics in a style that is optimized for a healthcare audience.

Vascular Decision Making

Vascular Decision Making Book
Author : Jack L. Cronenwett
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2020-09-02
ISBN : 197511583X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With concise text and a simple, easy-to-follow organizational structure, the brand-new Vascular Decision Making: Medical, Endovascular, Surgical helps you make well-informed treatment and procedural decisions on a variety of vascular conditions and diseases you encounter in clinical settings with patients.

Akak stiman

Akak stiman Book
Author : Reg Crowshoe,Sybille Manneschmidt
Publisher : University of Calgary Press
Release : 2002
ISBN : 1552380440
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The authors aim to show that traditional Blackfoot ceremonies provide a specific framework for decision-making that can be used as a model for present day health service delivery and offer other potential applications of the model in decision-making and mediation processes.