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Decision Making In Medicine

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Medical Decision Making

Medical Decision Making Book
Author : Stefan Felder,Thomas Mayrhofer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-07-22
ISBN : 9783642183300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook offers a comprehensive theory of medical decision making under uncertainty, combining informative test theory with the expected utility hypothesis. The book shows how the parameters of Bayes’ theorem can be combined with a value function of health states to arrive at informed test and treatment decisions. The authors distinguish between risk neutral, risk averse and prudent decision makers and demonstrate the effects of risk preferences on physicians’ decisions. They analyze individual tests, multiple tests and endogenous tests where the test result is determined by the decision maker. Finally, the topic is examined in the context of health economics by introducing a trade-off between enjoying health and consuming other goods, so that the extent of treatment and thus the potential improvement in the patient’s health become endogenous.

Decision Making in Medicine E Book

Decision Making in Medicine E Book Book
Author : Stuart B. Mushlin,Harry L. Greene
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2009-11-27
ISBN : 0323070760
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This popular reference facilitates diagnostic and therapeutic decision making for a wide range of common and often complex problems faced in outpatient and inpatient medicine. Comprehensive algorithmic decision trees guide you through more than 250 disorders organized by sign, symptom, problem, or laboratory abnormality. The brief text accompanying each algorithm explains the key steps of the decision making process, giving you the clear, clinical guidelines you need to successfully manage even your toughest cases. An algorithmic format makes it easy to apply the practical, decision-making approaches used by seasoned clinicians in daily practice. Comprehensive coverage of general and internal medicine helps you successfully diagnose and manage a full range of diseases and disorders related to women’s health, emergency medicine, urology, behavioral medicine, pharmacology, and much more. A Table of Contents arranged by organ system helps you to quickly and easily zero in on the information you need. More than a dozen new topics focus on the key diseases and disorders encountered in daily practice. Fully updated decision trees guide you through the latest diagnostic and management guidelines.

Decision Making in Health and Medicine

Decision Making in Health and Medicine Book
Author : M. G. Myriam Hunink,Milton C. Weinstein,Eve Wittenberg,Joseph S. Pliskin,Michael F. Drummond,Paul P. Glasziou,John B. Wong
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-10-16
ISBN : 1107690471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A guide for everyone involved in medical decision making to plot a clear course through complex and conflicting benefits and risks.

Decision Making in Health and Medicine with CD ROM

Decision Making in Health and Medicine with CD ROM Book
Author : Myriam Hunink,M. G. Myriam Hunink,Paul P. Glasziou,Joanna E. Siegel,Jane C. Weeks,Joseph S. Pliskin,Arthur S. Elstein,Milton C. Weinstein
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2001-11
ISBN : 9780521770293
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tells doctors and students how to evaluate complex clinical information to improve health care.

Evidence Synthesis for Decision Making in Healthcare

Evidence Synthesis for Decision Making in Healthcare Book
Author : Nicky J. Welton,Alexander J. Sutton,Nicola Cooper,Keith R. Abrams,A. E. Ades
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-04-12
ISBN : 111830540X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the evaluation of healthcare, rigorous methods of quantitative assessment are necessary to establish interventions that are both effective and cost-effective. Usually a single study will not fully address these issues and it is desirable to synthesize evidence from multiple sources. This book aims to provide a practical guide to evidence synthesis for the purpose of decision making, starting with a simple single parameter model, where all studies estimate the same quantity (pairwise meta-analysis) and progressing to more complex multi-parameter structures (including meta-regression, mixed treatment comparisons, Markov models of disease progression, and epidemiology models). A comprehensive, coherent framework is adopted and estimated using Bayesian methods. Key features: A coherent approach to evidence synthesis from multiple sources. Focus is given to Bayesian methods for evidence synthesis that can be integrated within cost-effectiveness analyses in a probabilistic framework using Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation. Provides methods to statistically combine evidence from a range of evidence structures. Emphasizes the importance of model critique and checking for evidence consistency. Presents numerous worked examples, exercises and solutions drawn from a variety of medical disciplines throughout the book. WinBUGS code is provided for all examples. Evidence Synthesis for Decision Making in Healthcare is intended for health economists, decision modelers, statisticians and others involved in evidence synthesis, health technology assessment, and economic evaluation of health technologies.

DECISION MAKING IN MEDICINE AND HEALTH CARE

DECISION MAKING IN MEDICINE AND HEALTH CARE Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9781606925614
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download DECISION MAKING IN MEDICINE AND HEALTH CARE book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Decision Making in Health Care

Decision Making in Health Care Book
Author : Gretchen B. Chapman,Frank A. Sonnenberg
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2003-09
ISBN : 9780521541244
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Decision making is a crucial element in the field of medicine. Decisions made by physicians, patients, health policy makers and health insurers determine the quality of health care that is needed and provided for. Decision Making in Health Care is an up-to-date, comprehensive overview of the field of medical decision making- -a rapidly expanding field that includes quantitative theoretical tools for modeling decisions, psychological research on how decisions are actually made, and applied research on how physician and patient decision making can be improved.

Encyclopedia of Medical Decision Making

Encyclopedia of Medical Decision Making Book
Author : Michael W. Kattan,Mark E. Cowen
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2009-08-15
ISBN : 1412953723
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Decision making is a critical element in the field of medicine that can lead to life-or-death outcomes, yet it is an element fraught with complex and conflicting variables, diagnostic and therapeutic uncertainties, patient preferences and values, and costs. Together, decisions made by physicians, patients, insurers, and policymakers determine the quality of health care, quality that depends inherently on counterbalancing risks and benefits and competing objectives such as maximizing life expectancy versus optimizing quality of life or quality of care versus economic realities. Broadly speaking, concepts in medical decision making (MDM) may be divided into two major categories: prescriptive and descriptive. Work in the area of prescriptive MDM investigates how medical decisions should be done using complicated analyses and algorithms to determine cost-effectiveness measures, prediction methods, and so on. In contrast, descriptive MDM studies how decisions actually are made involving human judgment, biases, social influences, patient factors, and so on. The Encyclopedia of Medical Decision Making gives a gentle introduction to both categories, revealing how medical and healthcare decisions are actually made—and constrained—and how physician, healthcare management, and patient decision making can be improved to optimize health outcomes. Key Features Discusses very general issues that span many aspects of MDM, including bioethics; health policy and economics; disaster simulation modeling; medical informatics; the psychology of decision making; shared and team medical decision making; social, moral, and religious factors; end-of-life decision making; assessing patient preference and patient adherence; and more Incorporates both quantity and quality of life in optimizing a medical decision Considers characteristics of the decisionmaker and how those characteristics influence their decisions Presents outcome measures to judge the quality or impact of a medical decision Examines some of the more commonly encountered biostatistical methods used in prescriptive decision making Provides utility assessment techniques that facilitate quantitative medical decision making Addresses the many different assumption perspectives the decision maker might choose from when trying to optimize a decision Offers mechanisms for defining MDM algorithms With comprehensive and authoritative coverage by experts in the fields of medicine, decision science and cognitive psychology, and healthcare management, this two-volume Encyclopedia is a must-have resource for any academic library.

Decision Making in Medicine

Decision Making in Medicine Book
Author : Charles Gordon Scorer,Antony John Wing
Publisher : Hodder Education
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Decision Making in Medicine book written by Charles Gordon Scorer,Antony John Wing, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Decision making in General Practice

Decision making in General Practice Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Macmillan International Higher Education
Release : 1985-11-11
ISBN : 1349071595
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Decision Making in Pulmonary Medicine

Decision Making in Pulmonary Medicine Book
Author : Joel B. Karlinsky,Joseph Lau,Ronald H. Goldstein
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ultrasound in Liquid and Solid Metals focuses on the effect of intensive ultrasound on metals, including the analysis of the development of cavitation and acoustic flows in melts, mechanism of metals' spraying and crystallization, the formation of dislocation structure in crystals, diffusion, phase transformation, and plastic deformation. Physical fundamentals of intensive ultrasound effects are covered, and detailed discussions are presented on the engineering principles of equipment and material design for the practical use of ultrasound in the refining of melts, crystallization of ingots and molds, pulverization, plating, pressure working of metals, surface strengthening, and other processes.

Clinical Bioethics

Clinical Bioethics Book
Author : James F. Drane
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9781556126123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical practice is an inherently ethical enterprise. More than ever before, medical practice requires that medical professionals develop and exercise high ethical standards. Health care practitioners who ignore basic concepts of medical ethics risk exposing their patients to serious harm, and open themselves and their institutions to charges of malpractice. Clinical Bioethics provides for the busy clinical professional a concise, comprehensive treatment of the basics in this complex new field.

Clinical Decision Making

Clinical Decision Making Book
Author : Gina M. Ankner
Publisher : Delmar Pub
Release : 2007-01
ISBN : 9781418040857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

By simulating the actual decision-making process, learners gain a comfort level to make informed clinical judgments dial will help them become successful nurses.

How to Think in Medicine

How to Think in Medicine Book
Author : Milos Jenicek
Publisher : Productivity Press
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9781138052468
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"A CRC title, part of the Taylor & Francis imprint, a member of the Taylor & Francis Group, the academic division of T&F Informa plc."

An Introduction to Medical Decision Making

An Introduction to Medical Decision Making Book
Author : Jonathan S. Vordermark II
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-09-23
ISBN : 9783030231460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents novel concepts to help physicians and health care providers better understand the thought processes and approaches used in clinical decision-making and how we develop those skills as we transition from being a medical student to post-graduate trainee to independent practitioner. Approaches presented range from simple rules of thumb, pattern recognition, and heuristics, to more formulaic methods such as standard operating procedures, checklists, evidence-based medicine, mathematical modeling, and statistics. Ways to recognize and manage errors and how our decision-making can be improved, are also discussed. An Introduction to Medical Decision-Making presents several innovative techniques to allow the reader to use the principles presented and integrate the ethical, humanistic and social aspects of decision-making with the pragmatic and knowledge-based aspects of clinical medicine. It also highlights how our thinking processes, emotions, and biases affect decision-making. This invaluable resource will allow students and physicians to evaluate and critically discuss their decisions objectively to become more efficient and effective, and maximize the quality of care they provide.

Chaplains As Partners in Medical Decision Making

Chaplains As Partners in Medical Decision Making Book
Author : Karen Pugliese,M. Jeanne Wirpsa
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9781784509972
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A collection of comprehensive case studies demonstrating the important role of the chaplain in assisting patients with life limiting illnesses in their medical decision-making. The contributors are from a diverse range of settings and feature a variety of religious traditions to show the full range of chaplains' approaches.

Medical Decision Making on Behalf of Young Children

Medical Decision Making on Behalf of Young Children Book
Author : Imogen Goold,Cressida Auckland,Jonathan Herring
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2020-09-17
ISBN : 1509928588
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the wake of the Charlie Gard and Alfie Evans cases, a wide-ranging international conversation was started regarding alternative thresholds for intervention and the different balances that can be made in weighing up the rights and interests of the child, the parent's rights and responsibilities and the role of medical professionals and the courts. This collection provides a comparative perspective on these issues by bringing together analysis from a range of jurisdictions across Europe, North and South America, Africa and Asia. Contextualising the differences and similarities, and drawing out the cultural and social values that inform the approach in different countries, this volume is highly valuable to scholars across jurisdictions, not only to inform their own local debate on how best to navigate such cases, but also to foster inter-jurisdictional debate on the issues. The book brings together commentators from the fields of law, medical ethics, and clinical medicine across the world, actively drawing on the view from the clinic as well as philosophical, legal and sociological perspectives on the crucial question of who should decide about the fate of a child suffering from a serious illness. In doing so, the collection offers comprehensive treatment of the key questions around whether the current best interests approach is still appropriate, and if not, what the alternatives are. It engages head-on with the concerns seen in both the academic and popular literature that there is a need to reconsider the orthodoxy in this area.

The Cognitive Autopsy

The Cognitive Autopsy Book
Author : Pat Croskerry
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2020-05-22
ISBN : 0190088761
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Behind heart disease and cancer, medical error is now listed as one of the leading causes of death. Of the many medical errors that may lead to injury and death, diagnostic failure is regarded as the most significant. Generally, the majority of diagnostic failures are attributed to the clinicians directly involved with the patient, and to a lesser extent, the system in which they work. In turn, the majority of errors made by clinicians are due to decision making failures manifested by various departures from rationality. Of all the medical environments in which patients are seen and diagnosed, the emergency department is the most challenging. It has been described as a "wicked" environment where illness and disease may range from minor ailments and complaints to severe, life-threatening disorders. The Cognitive Autopsy is a novel strategy towards understanding medical error and diagnostic failure in 42 clinical cases with which the author was directly involved or became aware of at the time. Essentially, it describes a cognitive approach towards root cause analysis of medical adverse events or near misses. Whereas root cause analysis typically focuses on the observable and measurable aspects of adverse events, the cognitive autopsy attempts to identify covert cognitive processes that may have contributed to outcomes. In this clinical setting, no cognitive process is directly observable but must be inferred from the behavior of the individual clinician. The book illustrates unequivocally that chief among these cognitive processes are cognitive biases and other flaws in decision making, rather than knowledge deficits.

Environmental Health Sciences Decision Making

Environmental Health Sciences Decision Making Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2009-02-08
ISBN : 0309124549
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental health decision making can be a complex undertaking, as there is the need to navigate and find balance among three core elements: science, policy, and the needs of the American public. Policy makers often grapple with how to make appropriate decisions when the research is uncertain. The challenge for the policy maker is to make the right decision with the best available data in a transparent process. The Environmental Health Sciences Decision Making workshop, the first in a series, was convened to inform the Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine on emerging issues in risk management, "weight of evidence," and ethics that influence environmental health decision making. The workshop, summarized in this volume, included an overview of the principles underlying decision making, the role of evidence and challenges for vulnerable populations, and ethical issues of conflict of interest, scientific integrity, and transparency. The workshop engaged science interest groups, industry, government, and the academic sector.

Clinical Decision Making in Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Clinical Decision Making in Complementary and Alternative Medicine Book
Author : Matthew Leach
Publisher : Elsevier Australia
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0729539334
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clinical Decision Making in Complementary and amp; Alternative Medicine differs from other medical texts by introducing a systematic clinical framework for the practice of complementary and alternative medicine. While comparable titles may explore the use or efficacy of specific complementary and alternative medicine interventions, this indispensible textbook highlights evidence-based interventions, while helping practitioners apply them within a clinical decision making framework. Clinical Decision Making in Complementary and amp; Alternative Medicine is a one-of-a-kind health reference for clinicians, stu