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Databook Of Nucleating Agents

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Databook of Nucleating Agents

Databook of Nucleating Agents Book
Author : George Wypych,Anna Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-04-07
ISBN : 1927885132
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Databook of Nucleating Agents gives engineers and materials scientists the information they need to increase the production rate, modify structure and morphology, and reduce haze of polymeric products with proper selection of nucleating agents and clarifying agents. Chemical origin and related properties of nucleating agents are analyzed in general terms to highlight the differences in their properties, including the essential theoretical knowledge required for correct selection and use of nucleating and clarifying agents. This includes methods of chemical modification of nucleating agents and their deposition on suitable substrates; methods, and results of dispersion of nucleating agents, influence of their concentration and cooling rate on final result and rate of crystallization, nucleation efficiency of different products and the reasons behind it, and generally accepted mechanisms of nucleation. The book also covers application aspects in different formulations. Patent literature and research papers are extensively reviewed for different applications, and polymer processing methods which require use of nucleating agents are discussed, with an emphasis on the intricacies of use of nucleating agents in different polymers and products. Enables engineers to use nucleating agents more effectively to increase production rate, modify structure and morphology, and reduce haze of polymer products Provides the thorough theoretical grounding required for proper selection and use of nucleating and clarifying agents Presents an extensive review of the current applications of nucleating agents in different formulations

Handbook of Nucleating Agents

Handbook of Nucleating Agents Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : ChemTec Publishing
Release : 2021-02-08
ISBN : 1927885817
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analyzes the existing literature and provides guidance on optimal selection of nucleating agents in order to increase production rates, improve the mechanical performance, and reduce the haze of polymeric products

Handbook of Nucleating Agents

Handbook of Nucleating Agents Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-01-25
ISBN : 0323898947
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analyzes the existing literature and provides guidance on optimal selection of nucleating agents in order to increase production rates, improve the mechanical performance, and reduce the haze of polymeric products

Handbook of Foaming and Blowing Agents

Handbook of Foaming and Blowing Agents Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-01-13
ISBN : 1927885183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Foaming and Blowing Agents provides useful guidance to assist practitioners in the more efficient and effective selection of foaming methods and blowing agents. The book focuses on the selection of additives for a diverse range of foaming processes, which can be enhanced using modern chemical means to improve product quality, speed up the process, and broaden the range of products that can be produced using foaming technology. Foamed polymers have many beneficial properties, including lower density, high heat and sound insulation, and shock absorbency. Foamed plastic parts are now a ubiquitous part of everyday life—from food packaging to seat cushions. As the application of foamed polymers expands and diversifies, a variety of foaming techniques and equipment are available to produce very diverse range of products. Foaming methods are generally established, but very little is known about the composition of materials to be processed and the additives to enhance foam products or make the foam production more economical. The book introduces useful analytical techniques for foaming, and thoroughly discusses the environmental impact of foaming processes. Introduces the fundamental mechanisms of action of blowing agents and foaming Includes best practice guidance to help engineers and technicians improve the efficiency of their existing foaming processes Enables practitioners to select blowing agents and foaming methods more effectively, reducing the risk of poor specification Introduces useful analytical techniques for foaming Discusses the environmental impact of foaming processes

Databook of Blowing and Auxiliary Agents

Databook of Blowing and Auxiliary Agents Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-04-01
ISBN : 1927885884
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Databook of Blowing and Auxiliary Agents, Second Edition includes the most current information on foaming technology, guiding users on the proper selection of formulation, which is highly dependent on the mechanisms of action of blowing agents and foaming agents, as well as dispersion and solubility. The book includes properties of 23 groups of blowing agents and the typical range of technical performance for each group, including general properties, physical-chemical properties, health and safety, environmental impact, and applications in different products and polymers. All information is illustrated by chemical reactions and diagrams. Chapters in the book look at foaming mechanisms with the use of solid blowing agents, which are decomposed to the gaseous products by application of heat, production of gaseous products by chemical reaction, and foaming by gases and evaporating liquids. Introduces the fundamental mechanisms of action of blowing agents and foaming Includes best practice guidance to help engineers and technicians improve the efficiency of their existing foaming processes Enables practitioners to select blowing agents and foaming methods more effectively, thus reducing the risk of poor specification Introduces useful analytical techniques for foaming Discusses the environmental impact of foaming processes

Databook of Impact Modifiers

Databook of Impact Modifiers Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-03-12
ISBN : 1927885906
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Databook of Impact Modifiers provides key information on how to modify structure and morphology, improve mechanical performance, and prevent changes during the use of polymeric products through proper selection of impact modifiers. The book brings analyses of important publications found in open and patent literature, with special attention given to recent findings that have brought many new essential developments. Sections cover an analysis of chemical origin and related properties of impact modifiers, which are analyzed in general terms to highlight the differences in their properties. This handbook contains the essential theoretical knowledge required for proper selection and use of impact modifiers, including their morphological structure and distribution in a polymer matrix, the effect of polymer crystallization in the presence of and without impact modifiers, important influences on impact modification, mechanisms of modification, and effective methods of incorporation of impact modifiers. Outlines strategies for modifying the structure and improving the mechanical properties of polymeric products through proper application of impact modifiers Provides detailed information on impact modifiers, including their morphological structure and distribution in a polymer matrix, the effects of polymer crystallization with and without impact modifiers, influences on impact modification, the mechanisms of modification, and more Includes analytical techniques, heath and safety and environmental considerations, and processing methods

Handbook of Impact Modifiers

Handbook of Impact Modifiers Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-04-01
ISBN : 1774670054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Impact Modifiers provides key information on how to modify structure and morphology, improve mechanical performance, and prevent changes during the use of polymeric products through proper selection of impact modifiers. The book brings analyses of important publications found in open and patent literature, with special attention given to recent findings that have brought many new essential developments. Sections cover an analysis of chemical origin and related properties of impact modifiers, which are analyzed in general terms to highlight the differences in their properties. This handbook contains the essential theoretical knowledge required for proper selection and use of impact modifiers, including their morphological structure and distribution in a polymer matrix, the effect of polymer crystallization in the presence of and without impact modifiers, important influences on impact modification, mechanisms of modification, and effective methods of incorporation of impact modifiers. Outlines strategies for modifying the structure and improving the mechanical properties of polymeric products through proper application of impact modifiers Provides detailed information on impact modifiers, including their morphological structure and distribution in a polymer matrix, the effects of polymer crystallization with and without impact modifiers, influences on impact modification, the mechanisms of modification, and more Includes analytical techniques, heath and safety and environmental considerations, and processing methods

Ceramic Data Book

Ceramic Data Book Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1966
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Ceramic Data Book book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Electrochemistry

Handbook of Electrochemistry Book
Author : Cynthia G. Zoski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-02-07
ISBN : 0444519580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrochemistry plays a key role in a broad range of research and applied areas including the exploration of new inorganic and organic compounds, biochemical and biological systems, corrosion, energy applications involving fuel cells and solar cells, and nanoscale investigations. The Handbook of Electrochemistry serves as a source of electrochemical information, providing details of experimental considerations, representative calculations, and illustrations of the possibilities available in electrochemical experimentation. The book is divided into five parts: Fundamentals, Laboratory Practical, Techniques, Applications, and Data. The first section covers the fundamentals of electrochemistry which are essential for everyone working in the field, presenting an overview of electrochemical conventions, terminology, fundamental equations, and electrochemical cells, experiments, literature, textbooks, and specialized books. Part 2 focuses on the different laboratory aspects of electrochemistry which is followed by a review of the various electrochemical techniques ranging from classical experiments to scanning electrochemical microscopy, electrogenerated chemiluminesence and spectroelectrochemistry. Applications of electrochemistry include electrode kinetic determinations, unique aspects of metal deposition, and electrochemistry in small places and at novel interfaces and these are detailed in Part 4. The remaining three chapters provide useful electrochemical data and information involving electrode potentials, diffusion coefficients, and methods used in measuring liquid junction potentials. * serves as a source of electrochemical information * includes useful electrochemical data and information involving electrode potentials, diffusion coefficients, and methods used in measuring liquid junction potentials * reviews electrochemical techniques (incl. scanning electrochemical microscopy, electrogenerated chemiluminesence and spectroelectrochemistry)

Handbook of Polymer Crystallization

Handbook of Polymer Crystallization Book
Author : Ewa Piorkowska,Gregory C. Rutledge
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-07-01
ISBN : 0470380233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymeric crystals are more complex in nature than other materials' crystal structures due to significant structural disorder present. The only comprehensive reference on polymer crystallization, Handbook of Polymer Crystallization provides readers with a broad, in-depth guide on the subject, covering the numerous problems encountered during crystallization as well as solutions to resolve those problems to achieve the desired result. Edited by leading authorities in the field, topics explored include neat polymers, heterogeneous systems, polymer blends, polymer composites orientation induced crystallization, crystallization in nanocomposites, and crystallization in complex thermal processing conditions.

Polypropylene Handbook

Polypropylene Handbook Book
Author : József Karger-Kocsis,Tamás Bárány
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-03-18
ISBN : 3030129039
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book extensively reviews Polypropylene (PP), the second most widely produced thermoplastic material, having been produced for over 60 years. Its synthesis, processing and application are still accompanied by vigorous R&D developments because the properties of PP are at the borderline between those of commodity and engineering thermoplastics. Readers are introduced to various tacticities and polymorphs of PP, and their effects on structural properties. Further, the book addresses the control of optical properties using nucleants, provides strategies for overcoming the limited cold/impact resistance of PP, examines in detail the effects of recycling, and presents guidelines for the property modification of PPs through foaming, filling and reinforcing with respect to target applications. Special attention is paid to descriptions and models of properties as a function of morphological variables. Last but not least, the book suggests potential practical applications of PP-based systems, especially in the packaging, appliances, building/construction, textile and automotive sectors. Each chapter, written by internationally respected scientists, reflects the current state-of-art in the respective field and offers a vital source of information for students, researchers and engineers interested in the morphology, properties, testing and modeling of PP and PP-based systems. The content is indispensable to the appropriate application of PPs and related composites.

Modern Plastics Handbook

Modern Plastics Handbook Book
Author : Charles A. Harper
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2000-03-24
ISBN : 9780070267145
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

State-of-the-art guide to plastic product design, manufacture and application. Edited by Charles A. Harper and sponsored by Modern Plastics, the industry's most prestigious trade magazine, Modern Plastics Handbook packs a wealth of up-to-date knowledge about plastics processes, forms and formulations, design, equipment, testing and recycling. This A-to-Z guide keeps you on top of: *Properties and performance of thermoplastics, polymer blends...thermosets, reinforced plastics and composites...natural and synthetic elastomers *Processes from extrusion, injection and blow molding to thermoforming, foam processing, hand lay-up and filament winding, and many, many more *Fabricating...post-production finishing and bonding...coatings and finishes, subjects difficult to find treated elsewhere in print *More!

Handbook of Foaming and Blowing Agents

Handbook of Foaming and Blowing Agents Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-03-17
ISBN : 1774670003
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Foaming and Blowing Agents, Second Edition includes the most current information on foaming technology, guiding users on the proper selection of formulation, which is highly dependent on the mechanisms of action of blowing agents and foaming agents, as well as dispersion and solubility. The book includes properties of 23 groups of blowing agents and the typical range of technical performance for each group, including general properties, physical-chemical properties, health and safety, environmental impact, and applications in different products and polymers. All information is illustrated by chemical reactions and diagrams. Chapters in the book look at foaming mechanisms with the use of solid blowing agents, which are decomposed to the gaseous products by application of heat, production of gaseous products by chemical reaction, and foaming by gases and evaporating liquids. Introduces the fundamental mechanisms of action of blowing agents and foaming Includes best practice guidance to help engineers and technicians improve the efficiency of their existing foaming processes Enables practitioners to select blowing agents and foaming methods more effectively, thus reducing the risk of poor specification Introduces useful analytical techniques for foaming Discusses the environmental impact of foaming processes

Extrusion

Extrusion Book
Author : Harold F. Giles Jr,John R. Wagner, Jr.,Eldridge M. Mount
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2013-09-21
ISBN : 1437734820
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of Extrusion is designed to aid operators, engineers, and managers in extrusion processing in quickly answering practical day-to-day questions. The first part of the book provides the fundamental principles, for operators and engineers, of polymeric materials extrusion processing in single and twin screw extruders. The next section covers advanced topics including troubleshooting, auxiliary equipment, and coextrusion for operators, engineers, and managers. The final part provides applications case studies in key areas for engineers such as compounding, blown film, extrusion blow molding, coating, foam, and reprocessing. This practical guide to extrusion brings together both equipment and materials processing aspects. It covers basic and advanced topics, for reference and training, in thermoplastics processing in the extruder. Detailed reference data are provided on such important operating conditions as temperatures, start-up procedures, shear rates, pressure drops, and safety. A practical guide to the selection, design and optimization of extrusion processes and equipment Designed to improve production efficiency and product quality Focuses on practical fault analysis and troubleshooting techniques

Handbook of Fillers

Handbook of Fillers Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Plastics Design Library
Release : 1999-01-01
ISBN : 9781884207693
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An up-to-date, exhaustive reference of all solids capable of changing the physical and chemical properties of materials. This one volume presents the information needed to market, develop, select, manufacture and apply these versatile new grades of fillers. Contains all the fundamentals and latest advances in fillers technology and the products in which they are used.

The Shock Absorber Handbook

The Shock Absorber Handbook Book
Author : John C. Dixon
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-02-28
ISBN : 0470516429
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Every one of the many millions of cars manufactured annually worldwide uses shock absorbers, otherwise known as dampers. These form a vital part of the suspension system of any vehicle, essential for optimizing road holding, performance and safety. This, the second edition of the Shock Absorber Handbook (first edition published in 1999), remains the only English language book devoted to the subject. Comprehensive coverage of design, testing, installation and use of the damper has led to the book's acceptance as the authoritative text on the automotive applications of shock absorbers. In this second edition, the author presents a thorough revision of his book to bring it completely up to date. There are numerous detail improvements, and extensive new material has been added particularly on the many varieties of valve design in the conventional hydraulic damper, and on modern developments such as electrorheological and magnetorheological dampers. "The Shock Absorber Handbook, 2nd Edition" provides a thorough treatment of the issues surrounding the design and selection of shock absorbers. It is an invaluable handbook for those working in industry, as well as a principal reference text for students of mechanical and automotive engineering.

Carbon Black

Carbon Black Book
Author : Jean-Baptiste Donnet
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-05-04
ISBN : 135146261X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of this reference provides comprehensive examinations of developments in the processing and applications of carbon black, including the use of new analytical tools such as scanning tunnelling microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and inverse gas chromatography.;Completely rewritten and updated by numerous experts in the field to reflect the enormous growth of the field since the publication of the previous edition, Carbon Black: discusses the mechanism of carbon black formation based on recent advances such as the discovery of fullerenes; elucidates micro- and macrostructure morphology and other physical characteristics; outlines the fractal geometry of carbon black as a new approach to characterization; reviews the effect of carbon black on the electrical and thermal conductivity of filled polymers; delineates the applications of carbon black in elastomers, plastics, and zerographic toners; and surveys possible health consequences of exposure to carbon black.;With over 1200 literature citations, tables, and figures, this resource is intended for physical, polymer, surface and colloid chemists; chemical and plastics engineers; spectroscopists; materials scientists; occupational safety and health physicians; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.

CRC Handbook of Metal Etchants

CRC Handbook of Metal Etchants Book
Author : Perrin Walker,William H. Tarn
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1990-12-11
ISBN : 9781439822531
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication presents cleaning and etching solutions, their applications, and results on inorganic materials. It is a comprehensive collection of etching and cleaning solutions in a single source. Chemical formulas are presented in one of three standard formats - general, electrolytic or ionized gas formats - to insure inclusion of all necessary operational data as shown in references that accompany each numbered formula. The book describes other applications of specific solutions, including their use on other metals or metallic compounds. Physical properties, association of natural and man-made minerals, and materials are shown in relationship to crystal structure, special processing techniques and solid state devices and assemblies fabricated. This publication also presents a number of organic materials which are widely used in handling and general processing...waxes, plastics, and lacquers for example. It is useful to individuals involved in study, development, and processing of metals and metallic compounds. It is invaluable for readers from the college level to industrial R & D and full-scale device fabrication, testing and sales. Scientific disciplines, work areas and individuals with great interest include: chemistry, physics, metallurgy, geology, solid state, ceramic and glass, research libraries, individuals dealing with chemical processing of inorganic materials, societies and schools.

Industrial Energy Use Data Book

Industrial Energy Use Data Book Book
Author : Oak Ridge Associated Universities
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Industrial Energy Use Data Book book written by Oak Ridge Associated Universities, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Properties of Polymers

Properties of Polymers Book
Author : D.W. van Krevelen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0444596127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Properties of Polymers: Their Correlation with Chemical Structure; Their Numerical Estimation and Prediction from Additive Group Contributions summarizes the latest developments regarding polymers, their properties in relation to chemical structure, and methods for estimating and predicting numerical properties from chemical structure. In particular, it examines polymer electrical properties, magnetic properties, and mechanical properties, as well as their crystallization and environmental behavior and failure. The rheological properties of polymer melts and polymer solutions are also considered. Organized into seven parts encompassing 27 chapters, this book begins with an overview of polymer science and engineering, including the typology of polymers and their properties. It then turns to a discussion of thermophysical properties, from transition temperatures to volumetric and calorimetric properties, along with the cohesive aspects and conformation statistics. It also introduces the reader to the behavior of polymers in electromagnetic and mechanical fields of force. The book covers the quantities that influence the transport of heat, momentum, and matter, particularly heat conductivity, viscosity, and diffusivity; properties that control the chemical stability and breakdown of polymers; and polymer properties as an integral concept, with emphasis on processing and product properties. Readers will find tables that give valuable (numerical) data on polymers and include a survey of the group contributions (increments) of almost every additive function considered. This book is a valuable resource for anyone working on practical problems in the field of polymers, including organic chemists, chemical engineers, polymer processers, polymer technologists, and both graduate and PhD students.