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Damping Technologies For Tall Buildings

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Damping Technologies for Tall Buildings

Damping Technologies for Tall Buildings Book
Author : Alberto Lago,Dario Trabucco,Antony Wood
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2018-09-25
ISBN : 0128159642
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Damping Technologies for Tall Buildings provides practical advice on the selection, design, installation and testing of damping systems. Richly illustrated with images and schematics, this book presents expert commentary on different damping systems, giving readers a way to accurately compare between different device categories and gain and understand the advantages and disadvantages of each. In addition, the book covers their economical and sustainability implications. Case studies are included to provide a direct understanding on the possible applications of each device category. Provides an expert guide on the selection and deployment of the various types of damping technologies Drawn from extensive contributions from international experts and research projects that represent the current state-of-the-art and design in damping technologies Includes 25+ real case studies collected with very detailed information on damping design, installation, testing and other building implications

Architecture and Engineering

Architecture and Engineering Book
Author : Oleg Kapliński,Wojciech Bonenberg
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-18
ISBN : 3039437496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is addressed to architects and civil engineers. Design and research are areas connecting their activities. The contents of the book confirm the fact that the interface between architecture and engineering is multidimensional. The ways of finding points of contact between the two industries are highlighted. This is favored by the dynamically changing reality, supported by new design paradigms and new research techniques. The multithreaded subject matter of the articles is reduced to six sections: Research Scopes, Methods, Design Aspects, Context, Nature of Research, and Economy and Cost Calculation. Each of the articles in these six blocks has its weight. And so, in the Nature of Research section, the following areas have been underscored: laboratory tests, in situ research, field investigations, and street perception experiments. The section Design Aspects includes design-oriented thinking, geometrical forms, location of buildings, cost prediction, attractor and distractor elements, and shaping spatial structures. The new design and research tools are an inspiration and a keystone bonding architects and engineers.

Systematic Architectural Design for Optimal Wind Energy Generation

Systematic Architectural Design for Optimal Wind Energy Generation Book
Author : Abdel Rahman Elbakheit
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2021-06-25
ISBN : 1681088517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Systematic Architectural Design for Optimal Wind Energy Generation is a handy reference on the aerodynamic architectural forms in buildings for optimizing wind energy conversion processes. Chapters of the book cover the basics of wind energy generation and building design that make them more conducive for generating wind power, and in line with sustainable energy design goals. Key Features: - 7 chapters organized in a simple, reader-friendly layout - A learning approach to the subject that highlights key concepts in architectural science and wind energy physics - Introduces readers to the application of computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) tools to visualize and simulate architectural forms under wind actions - An objective focus on architectural forms is presented, including the role of the form in optimizing wind energy conversion and the negative effects of wind on certain forms - Covers the building and positioning of different types of wind turbines - References for further reading Systematic Architectural Design for Optimal Wind Energy Generation is an essential reference for students of architecture at all levels, professional architects, as well as readers interested in green building design, renewable energy, and sustainability studies that pave the way towards proactive environment-friendly solutions.

Schematic Design of Distributed Mass Damping Systems for Tall Buildings

Schematic Design of Distributed Mass Damping Systems for Tall Buildings Book
Author : Jason Stahl Silbiger,Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As new high-rises grow taller and more slender, the design of tall buildings becomes heavily constrained by the control of lateral displacements and accelerations due to dynamic excitations. This has led to the development of motion control devices, such as the Tuned Mass Damper (TMD) and Tuned Liquid Column Damper (TLCD). Contemporary designs implement devices where the dynamic response is the greatest, often at the top of buildings, occupying entire floors and inhibiting the sale of valuable real estate. Conversely, distributed damping is the concept of dividing the dampers into smaller devices that are placed on several floors throughout the building. Although a greater total mass is required, implementing smaller dampers and using less valuable floor area may be advantageous for buildings with a substantial cost variation between floors. This study presents a methodology where the optimal vertical distribution of TMDs and TLCDs is determined based on the footprint and relative cost of each damping scheme. To perform this analysis, the governing equations for a distributed damping system are developed and its response is derived assuming a periodic excitation. Given the structural properties and performance requirements of the building, a one TMD system is designed using the conventional approach. Ranging through several distribution schemes, the damper mass required for each distribution to meet the same acceleration performance as the one TMD system is determined. This mass is used to calculate the damper footprint for TMD and TLCD systems. From the cost distribution of the building, the relative cost of each scheme may be calculated and compared. Depending on the objective of the designer, the minimum damper footprint or minimum cost scheme may be selected as the optimal distribution. The methodology was demonstrated for 60, 80, 100, and 120-story buildings. It was observed that buildings with approximately half of the floors installed with dampers correspond to the minimum footprint scheme, while the minimum cost scheme was dependent on the building's size constraints and cost distribution. For buildings with significant cost variation in upper floors, distributed damping is not only the least cost solution, but also leads to conveniently small devices.

Modern Applications of Geotechnical Engineering and Construction

Modern Applications of Geotechnical Engineering and Construction Book
Author : Mahdi O. Karkush,Deepankar Choudhury
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-21
ISBN : 981159399X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

p="" This book contains select papers from the International Conference on Geotechnical Engineering Iraq discussing the challenges, opportunities, and problems of application of geotechnical engineering in projects. The contents cover a wide spectrum of themes in geotechnical engineering, including but not limited to sustainability & geotechnical engineering, modeling of foundations & slope stability, seismic analysis & soil mechanics, construction materials, and construction & management of projects. This volume will prove a valuable resource for practicing engineers and researchers in the field of geotechnical engineering, structural engineering, and construction and management of projects. ^

Particle Damping Technology Based Structural Control

Particle Damping Technology Based Structural Control Book
Author : Zheng Lu,Sami F. Masri,Xilin Lu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-27
ISBN : 9811534993
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a systematic introduction to particle damping technologies, which can be used to effectively mitigate seismic-induced and wind-induced vibration in various structures. Further, it offers comprehensive information on the latest research advances, e.g. a refined simulation model based on the discrete element method and a simplified simulation model based on equivalent principles. It then intensively studies the vibration attenuation effects of particle dampers subjected to different dynamic loads; in this context, the book proposes a new damping mechanism and “global’’ measures that can be used to evaluate damping performance. Moreover, the book uses the shaking table test and wind tunnel test to verify the proposed simulation methods, and their satisfactory damping performance is confirmed. To facilitate the practical engineering application of this technology, optimization design guidelines for particle impact dampers are also provided. In closing, the book offers a preliminary exploration of semi-active particle damping technology, which holds great potential for extension to other applications in which the primary system is subjected to non-stationary excitations.

Reinforced Concrete Design of Tall Buildings

Reinforced Concrete Design of Tall Buildings Book
Author : Bungale S. Taranath
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-12-14
ISBN : 9781439804810
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An exploration of the world of concrete as it applies to the construction of buildings, Reinforced Concrete Design of Tall Buildings provides a practical perspective on all aspects of reinforced concrete used in the design of structures, with particular focus on tall and ultra-tall buildings. Written by Dr. Bungale S. Taranath, this work explains the fundamental principles and state-of-the-art technologies required to build vertical structures as sound as they are eloquent. Dozens of cases studies of tall buildings throughout the world, many designed by Dr. Taranath, provide in-depth insight on why and how specific structural system choices are made. The book bridges the gap between two approaches: one based on intuitive skills and experience and the other based on computer skills and analytical techniques. Examining the results when experiential intuition marries unfathomable precision, this book discusses: The latest building codes, including ASCE/SEI 7-05, IBC-06/09, ACI 318-05/08, and ASCE/SEI 41-06 Recent developments in studies of seismic vulnerability and retrofit design Earthquake hazard mitigation technology, including seismic base isolation, passive energy dissipation, and damping systems Lateral bracing concepts and gravity-resisting systems Performance based design trends Dynamic response spectrum and equivalent lateral load procedures Using realistic examples throughout, Dr. Taranath shows how to create sound, cost-efficient high rise structures. His lucid and thorough explanations provide the tools required to derive systems that gracefully resist the battering forces of nature while addressing the specific needs of building owners, developers, and architects. The book is packed with broad-ranging material from fundamental principles to the state-of-the-art technologies and includes techniques thoroughly developed to be highly adaptable. Offering complete guidance, instructive examples, and color illustrations, the author develops several approaches for designing tall buildings. He demonstrates the benefits of blending imaginative problem solving and rational analysis for creating better structural systems.

Wind Induced Vibrations to Tall Buildings and Wind Turbines

Wind Induced Vibrations to Tall Buildings and Wind Turbines Book
Author : Abdel Rahman Elbakheit
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While wind generated noise maybe limited in magnitude and effect, wind-induced structures' vibrations could be a devastation (id est, Tacoma Bridge Collapse 1940). This occurs with just above moderate wind speed increase, if it can excite a structure with its natural frequencies. When this occur, structures enter a phase of oscillations until collapse. However, with proper understanding of vibrations in structures these vibrations can be eliminated. Studying vibrations can be experimental through wind-tunnel and or by simulations. Wind in buildings can induce two types of motions: static or sustained; as building drift and oscillatory or resonant vibration. Motion is composed of three contributions: sway in two horizontal or perpendicular directions and torsion. This vibration would considerably affect the habitability and stability of building spaces gauged through a life cycle assessment study, habitability perception and determination or acceleration measurements and estimation. The novelty of aerodynamic design and optimization in providing vibration free tall buildings and wind turbines with added savings that otherwise be incurred by adoption of costly structural and/or supplementary damping technologies highlighted. Better habitability, safety and comfort without added costs. State of the art in wind vibrations reviewed, together with factors influencing control vibration in tall buildings and wind turbines.

Tall Buildings

Tall Buildings Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022-01-17
ISBN : 9814478873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Tall Buildings book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Building Technology

Advances in Building Technology Book
Author : M. Anson,J.M. Ko,E.S.S. Lam
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002-11-14
ISBN : 0080526632
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This set of proceedings is based on the International Conference on Advances in Building Technology in Hong Kong on 4-6 December 2002. The two volumes of proceedings contain 9 invited keynote papers, 72 papers delivered by 11 teams , and 133 contributed papers from over 20 countries around the world. The papers cover a wide spectrum of topics across the three technology sub-themes of structures and construction, environment, and information technology. The variety within these categories spans a width of topics, and these proceedings provide readers with a good general overview of recent advances in building research.

Tall Building Design

Tall Building Design Book
Author : Bungale S. Taranath
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-10-04
ISBN : 1315356864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Addresses the Question Frequently Proposed to the Designer by Architects: "Can We Do This? Offering guidance on how to use code-based procedures while at the same time providing an understanding of why provisions are necessary, Tall Building Design: Steel, Concrete, and Composite Systems methodically explores the structural behavior of steel, concrete, and composite members and systems. This text establishes the notion that design is a creative process, and not just an execution of framing proposals. It cultivates imaginative approaches by presenting examples specifically related to essential building codes and standards. Tying together precision and accuracy—it also bridges the gap between two design approaches—one based on initiative skill and the other based on computer skill. The book explains loads and load combinations typically used in building design, explores methods for determining design wind loads using the provisions of ASCE 7-10, and examines wind tunnel procedures. It defines conceptual seismic design, as the avoidance or minimization of problems created by the effects of seismic excitation. It introduces the concept of performance-based design (PBD). It also addresses serviceability considerations, prediction of tall building motions, damping devices, seismic isolation, blast-resistant design, and progressive collapse. The final chapters explain gravity and lateral systems for steel, concrete, and composite buildings. The Book Also Considers: Preliminary analysis and design techniques The structural rehabilitation of seismically vulnerable steel and concrete buildings Design differences between code-sponsored approaches The concept of ductility trade-off for strength Tall Building Design: Steel, Concrete, and Composite Systems is a structural design guide and reference for practicing engineers and educators, as well as recent graduates entering the structural engineering profession. This text examines all major concrete, steel, and composite building systems, and uses the most up-to-date building codes.

High Tech Concrete Where Technology and Engineering Meet

High Tech Concrete  Where Technology and Engineering Meet Book
Author : D.A. Hordijk,M. Luković
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-06-08
ISBN : 3319594710
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains the proceedings of the fib Symposium “High Tech Concrete: Where Technology and Engineering Meet”, that was held in Maastricht, The Netherlands, in June 2017. This annual symposium was organised by the Dutch Concrete Association and the Belgian Concrete Association. Topics addressed include: materials technology, modelling, testing and design, special loadings, safety, reliability and codes, existing concrete structures, durability and life time, sustainability, innovative building concepts, challenging projects and historic concrete, amongst others. The fib (International Federation for Structural Concrete) is a not-for-profit association committed to advancing the technical, economic, aesthetic and environmental performance of concrete structures worldwide.

Behaviour of Steel Structures in Seismic Areas

Behaviour of Steel Structures in Seismic Areas Book
Author : Federico Mazzolani,Ricardo Herrera
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-01-31
ISBN : 020311941X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Behaviour of Steel Structures in Seismic Areas is a comprehensive overview of recent developments in the field of seismic resistant steel structures. It comprises a collection of papers presented at the seventh International Specialty Conference STESSA 2012 (Santiago, Chile, 9-11 January 2012), and includes the state-of-the-art in both theore

EASEC16

EASEC16 Book
Author : Chien Ming Wang,Vinh Dao,Sritawat Kitipornchai
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-22
ISBN : 9811580790
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents articles from The 16th East Asian-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, 2019, held in Brisbane, Australia. It provides a forum for professional engineers, academics, researchers and contractors to present recent research and developments in structural engineering and construction.​

Tall buildings

Tall buildings Book
Author : fib Fédération internationale du béton
Publisher : fib Fédération internationale du béton
Release : 2014-08-01
ISBN : 2883941130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

fib Bulletin 73: Tall Buildings is the result of a collaboration between the fib and MPA The Concrete Centre (UK). Task Group 1.6 High-rise buildings, within fib Commission 1: Structures, was drawn together with a mandate to write about the experience and know-how pertinent to the development, design and construction of tall concrete buildings. The group’s findings are presented in this state-of the-art report. Tall buildings are a unique challenge to engineers, even to those with extensive experience of low-rise structures. The bulletin explains the critical interfaces with other professionals, for example architects, building services engineers, façade and lift specialists, geotechnical engineers and wind specialists, highlighting how these parties interact with engineers and can influence and guide the development of the structural solution. The key factors in choosing the most appropriate structural system are discussed. The bulletin covers the criteria used to select the most economical structural elements including the foundations, the vertical elements and the floor slabs. Examples of common construction methods are presented and their effects on the structural engineering design are discussed. Tall buildings can undergo significant deformation during their construction and service life. These movements need to be understood by the designer and potentially compensated for in the design and during construction. One of the main particularities of the design of tall buildings is the dominance of the lateral loading from wind and seismic actions. The bulletin provides a discussion of these important topics and sets out the current approach taken by experienced engineers. Designers of tall buildings also need to understand the dynamic behaviour of the structure and confine the motion of the building to within acceptable limits. Approaches to damping and dynamic performance are discussed and guidance provided on the appropriate occupant comfort limits.

Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat

Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat Book
Author : Lynn Beadle
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-11-22
ISBN : 020346754X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, the result of the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat 6th World Congress: Cities in the Third Millennium, examines the issues which must be addressed if we are to have a common understanding of the forces of change.Experts in architecture, engineering and planning contribute a commentary on the existing condition of urban design,

Dictionary of Architectural and Building Technology

Dictionary of Architectural and Building Technology Book
Author : Henry J. Cowan,Peter R. Smith,W. K. Chow
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0415312345
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive summary of the vocabulary used across the building industry, from the preparation of an architectural brief, through creative and technical design, to construction technology and facilities management. The latest edition has several substantially revised entries as well as many new additions, including new illustrations and terms. Covering a range of disciplines across architecture and building and including both SI metric and Imperial units, this dictionary and reference work will enable students and professionals to use and understand vocabulary from other areas of expertise, and contribute to better communication.

Tall Building Foundation Design

Tall Building Foundation Design Book
Author : Harry G. Poulos
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-07-20
ISBN : 1351652141
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive guide to the design of foundations for tall buildings. After a general review of the characteristics of tall buildings, various foundation options are discussed followed by the general principles of foundation design as applied to tall buildings. Considerable attention is paid to the methods of assessment of the geotechnical design parameters, as this is a critical component of the design process. A detailed treatment is then given to foundation design for various conditions, including ultimate stability, serviceability, ground movements, dynamic loadings and seismic loadings. Basement wall design is also addressed. The last part of the book deals with pile load testing and foundation performance measurement, and finally, the description of a number of case histories. A feature of the book is the emphasis it places on the various stages of foundation design: preliminary, detailed and final, and the presentation of a number of relevant methods of design associated with each stage.

Improvement of Buildings Structural Quality by New Technologies

Improvement of Buildings  Structural Quality by New Technologies Book
Author : Christian Schauer
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-01-20
ISBN : 9780415366106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Around 100 scientists from 21 countries contributed to the four years of assembled works contained in this volume. Launched in May 2000, the aims of this cooperative action were: * to develop, combine and disseminate new technical engineering technologies * to improve the quality of urban buildings * to propose new technical solutions to architects and planners * to reduce the disturbance caused by construction in urban areas and improve urban quality of life. This publication is the final report of COST C12, and includes datasheets of key information related to mixed building technology, structural integrity under exception actions, and urban design.

Recent Advances in Computational and Experimental Mechanics Vol I

Recent Advances in Computational and Experimental Mechanics  Vol   I Book
Author : D. Maity,P. K. Patra,M.S. Afzal,R. Ghoshal,C. S. Mistry,P. Jana,D. K. Maiti
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-01-01
ISBN : 9811667381
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book (Vol. - I) presents select proceedings of the first Online International Conference on Recent Advances in Computational and Experimental Mechanics (ICRACEM 2020) and focuses on theoretical, computational and experimental aspects of solid and fluid mechanics. Various topics covered are computational modelling of extreme events; mechanical modelling of robots; mechanics and design of cellular materials; mechanics of soft materials; mechanics of thin-film and multi-layer structures; meshfree and particle based formulations in continuum mechanics; multi-scale computations in solid mechanics, and materials; multiscale mechanics of brittle and ductile materials; topology and shape optimization techniques; acoustics including aero-acoustics and wave propagation; aerodynamics; dynamics and control in micro/nano engineering; dynamic instability and buckling; flow-induced noise and vibration; inverse problems in mechanics and system identification; measurement and analysis techniques in nonlinear dynamic systems; multibody dynamical systems and applications; nonlinear dynamics and control; stochastic mechanics; structural dynamics and earthquake engineering; structural health monitoring and damage assessment; turbomachinery noise; vibrations of continuous systems, characterization of advanced materials; damage identification and non-destructive evaluation; experimental fire mechanics and damage; experimental fluid mechanics; experimental solid mechanics; measurement in extreme environments; modal testing and dynamics; experimental hydraulics; mechanism of scour under steady and unsteady flows; vibration measurement and control; bio-inspired materials; constitutive modelling of materials; fracture mechanics; mechanics of adhesion, tribology and wear; mechanics of composite materials; mechanics of multifunctional materials; multiscale modelling of materials; phase transformations in materials; plasticity and creep in materials; fluid mechanics, computational fluid dynamics; fluid-structure interaction; free surface, moving boundary and pipe flow; hydrodynamics; multiphase flows; propulsion; internal flow physics; turbulence modelling; wave mechanics; flow through porous media; shock-boundary layer interactions; sediment transport; wave-structure interaction; reduced-order models; turbo-machinery; experimental hydraulics; mechanism of scour under steady and unsteady flows; applications of machine learning and artificial intelligence in mechanics; transport phenomena and soft computing tools in fluid mechanics. The contents of these two volumes (Volumes I and II) discusses various attributes of modern-age mechanics in various disciplines, such as aerospace, civil, mechanical, ocean engineering and naval architecture. The book will be a valuable reference for beginners, researchers, and professionals interested in solid and fluid mechanics and allied fields.