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Cytogenomics

Cytogenomics Book
Author : Thomas Liehr
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-07
ISBN : 0128235802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cytogenomics demonstrates that chromosomes are crucial in understanding the human genome and that new high-throughput approaches are central to advancing cytogenetics in the 21st century. After an introduction to (molecular) cytogenetics, being the basic of all cytogenomic research, this book highlights the strengths and newfound advantages of cytogenomic research methods and technologies, enabling researchers to jump-start their own projects and more effectively gather and interpret chromosomal data. Methods discussed include banding and molecular cytogenetics, molecular combing, molecular karyotyping, next-generation sequencing, epigenetic study approaches, optical mapping/karyomapping, and CRISPR-cas9 applications for cytogenomics. The book’s second half demonstrates recent applications of cytogenomic techniques, such as characterizing 3D chromosome structure across different tissue types and insights into multilayer organization of chromosomes, role of repetitive elements and noncoding RNAs in human genome, studies in topologically associated domains, interchromosomal interactions, and chromoanagenesis. This book is an important reference source for researchers, students, basic and translational scientists, and clinicians in the areas of human genetics, genomics, reproductive medicine, gynecology, obstetrics, internal medicine, oncology, bioinformatics, medical genetics, and prenatal testing, as well as genetic counselors, clinical laboratory geneticists, bioethicists, and fertility specialists. Offers applied approaches empowering a new generation of cytogenomic research using a balanced combination of classical and advanced technologies Provides a framework for interpreting chromosome structure and how this affects the functioning of the genome in health and disease Features chapter contributions from international leaders in the field

The AGT Cytogenetics Laboratory Manual

The AGT Cytogenetics Laboratory Manual Book
Author : Marilyn S. Arsham,Margaret J. Barch,Helen J. Lawce
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-03-03
ISBN : 1119061288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cytogenetics is the study of chromosome morphology, structure, pathology, function, and behavior. The field has evolved to embrace molecular cytogenetic changes, now termed cytogenomics. Cytogeneticists utilize an assortment of procedures to investigate the full complement of chromosomes and/or a targeted region within a specific chromosome in metaphase or interphase. Tools include routine analysis of G-banded chromosomes, specialized stains that address specific chromosomal structures, and molecular probes, such as fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and chromosome microarray analysis, which employ a variety of methods to highlight a region as small as a single, specific genetic sequence under investigation. The AGT Cytogenetics Laboratory Manual, Fourth Edition offers a comprehensive description of the diagnostic tests offered by the clinical laboratory and explains the science behind them. One of the most valuable assets is its rich compilation of laboratory-tested protocols currently being used in leading laboratories, along with practical advice for nearly every area of interest to cytogeneticists. In addition to covering essential topics that have been the backbone of cytogenetics for over 60 years, such as the basic components of a cell, use of a microscope, human tissue processing for cytogenetic analysis (prenatal, constitutional, and neoplastic), laboratory safety, and the mechanisms behind chromosome rearrangement and aneuploidy, this edition introduces new and expanded chapters by experts in the field. Some of these new topics include a unique collection of chromosome heteromorphisms; clinical examples of genomic imprinting; an example-driven overview of chromosomal microarray; mathematics specifically geared for the cytogeneticist; usage of ISCN’s cytogenetic language to describe chromosome changes; tips for laboratory management; examples of laboratory information systems; a collection of internet and library resources; and a special chapter on animal chromosomes for the research and zoo cytogeneticist. The range of topics is thus broad yet comprehensive, offering the student a resource that teaches the procedures performed in the cytogenetics laboratory environment, and the laboratory professional with a peer-reviewed reference that explores the basis of each of these procedures. This makes it a useful resource for researchers, clinicians, and lab professionals, as well as students in a university or medical school setting.

Cytogenomics of Human Oocytes and Embryos

Cytogenomics of Human Oocytes and Embryos Book
Author : Alem Selassie Gabriel
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cytogenomics of Human Oocytes and Embryos book written by Alem Selassie Gabriel, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Comparative Cytogenomics Between Chicken and Duck

Comparative Cytogenomics Between Chicken and Duck Book
Author : Benjamin Matthew Skinner
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Comparative Cytogenomics Between Chicken and Duck book written by Benjamin Matthew Skinner, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Human Interphase Chromosomes

Human Interphase Chromosomes Book
Author : Yuri B. Yurov,Svetlana G. Vorsanova,Ivan Y. Iourov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-03
ISBN : 1461465583
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title will focus on the study of human interphase chromosomes and its relation to health and disease. Orchestrated organization and human genome function in interphase nuclei at the chromosomal level have been repeatedly shown to play a significant role in a variety of basic biological processes involved in realization and inheritance of genetic information within and between species. Current biomedical sciences of post-genomic era refocus basic and applied studies of interphase nuclei genetics and genomics with special attention to interphase chromosome behavior in health and disease. Additionally, related processes are a target of studies elucidating the role of interphase chromosome behavior during development, chromosome/DNA replication, DNA reparation etc. Studies of interphase nuclei have an appreciable impact on different areas of biomedical sciences such as cell biology, neurobiology, cancer research, developmental biology, epigenetics, cytogenetics, and medical genetics, as a whole. Moreover, development of innovative and emergent technologies to analyze interphase nuclei are closely associated with application of these techniques in clinical, diagnostic and research practice to solve reproductive problems (including infertility and spontaneous abortions), to investigate congenital malformations (including those produced by aneuploidy and other chromosome abnormalities); genetic diseases (including cardiac, immune, neurological and psychiatric diseases), and cancer. This title will serve as a source of new valuable information and promising ideas for a wide audience of professionals in biomedicine including researchers, scientists, and healthcare professionals in human genetics, cytogenetics, and developmental biology. ​

Iscn 2020

Iscn 2020 Book
Author : Jean McGowan-Jordan,Ros J. Hastings,Sarah Moore
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-12-31
ISBN : 9783318067064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This reprint of 'Cytogenetic and Genome Research' contains contributions discussing the subject in-depth. 'Cytogenetic and Genome Research' is a well-respected, international peer-reviewed journal in genetics.

Iscn 2016

Iscn 2016 Book
Author : J. McGowan-Jordan,M. Schmid,A. Simons
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016-05-11
ISBN : 9783318058574
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 2016 edition of the International System for Human Cytogenomic Nomenclature (ISCN 2016) offers standard nomenclature that is used to describe any genomic rearrangement identified by techniques ranging from karyotyping to FISH, microarray, various region specific assays, and DNA sequencing. Suggestions from the international cytogenetics community have been reviewed by the Standing Committee, an international group of experts, nominated by their peers. This updated edition offers: * many new examples, particularly for microarray and region specific assays * trackable changes in the main text compared to the previous edition for easier identification * a nomenclature standard to facilitate the description of chromosome rearrangements characterized by DNA sequencing developed through collaboration between the Human Genome Variation Society (HGVS) and ISCN to accommodate the increased use of sequencing technologies in the characterization of chromosomal abnormalities The ISCN 2016 is an indispensable reference volume for human cytogeneticists, molecular geneticists, technicians, and students for the interpretation and communication of human cytogenetic and molecular cytogenomic nomenclature. After a long collaboration with Cytogenetic and Genome Research, ISCN is now again a part of this leading journal on chromosome and genome research, combining the day-to-day business with the latest findings.

Human Interphase Chromosomes

Human Interphase Chromosomes Book
Author : Ivan Iourov
Publisher : Springer International Publishing
Release : 2021-09-25
ISBN : 303062532X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Human Interphase Chromosomes book written by Ivan Iourov, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Genome and Genomics

Genome and Genomics Book
Author : K. V. Chaitanya
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-17
ISBN : 9811507023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a detailed and up-to-dated information on the genomes belonging to three major life forms on Earth – archaea, prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Each section describes about the genome of a specific group of organisms, such as viruses, archaea, bacteria, eukaryotes and organellar genomes. Individual chapters provide details of their organization, structure, evolution, sequencing strategies and functions. Further, this book discusses the technologies that are applied for genome sequencing; assembly, annotation and gene prediction. Other topics include the genomes of important model organisms, mitochondria genome of Neanderthal fossil, etc. This book also examines the evolution of chloroplast and mitochondria genomes by comparing with bacteria, addresses the diseases that occur in humans due to the mutations in mitochondrial genome, gene therapy and engineering of chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes. Lastly, it features an overview of the role of proteomics, exposomics, connectomics, metabolomics, and microbiomics. This book is a fascinating read for students, lecturers and researchers in the field of genetics, genomics, microbiology and life sciences.

Genetics Evolution and Conservation of Neotropical Fishes

Genetics  Evolution  and Conservation of Neotropical Fishes Book
Author : Rodrigo A. Torres,Roberto Ferreira Artoni
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-01-21
ISBN : 2889633357
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fish represent the most ancestral and specious group of vertebrates, and occupy more diverse aquatic environments around the world. Ichthyofauna is extremely diverse, especially in megadiverse countries occupying biogeographical regions such as the Neotropical Region, which covers an extensive area between North and South America. Much of this biodiversity will be extinct, even before science knows any aspect of its biology. Like this, Neotropical fish genetics started in the end of the 70’s with papers studying the chromosomes of Hoplias malabaricus (Family Erythrinidae) and the karyotype variation among three genera of the family Anostomidae. The topic at that time was concentrated in two Institutions from the state of São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil. In the middle 80’s, the first Symposium on Neotropical Fish Cytogenetics was organized. Nowadays, the field of Neotropical Fish Genetics is present in Brazil, Colombia, Argentina, Uruguai, Venezula, Chile, and Equador, as well as outside South America in Panama, Mexico, USA, Canada, Czech Republic, Germany, and Spain. The research developed in cytogenetics has focused mainly on karyotype evolution and cytotaxonomy, chromosome structure and, more recently, cytogenomics. In relation to the use of molecular markers, support has been sought for the management of populations for conservation or production in captivity. In addition, many studies have been carried out with the aim of establishing supra-specific phylogenetic relationships and clarifying species distribution scenarios by phylogeographic modeling. The genome and transcriptome of some model species begin to emerge as extremely promising and informative areas for neotropical fish. In 2017, the Neotropical fish genetics research community celebrates the 30th anniversary of its main Meeting (today entitled Symposium on Neotropical Fish Genetics and Cytogenetics). This Research Topic is part of this celebration and aims at reporting the state of the art and its current advances in the frontier of knowledge in genetics, evolution, and conservation of neotropical fish, as well as to detect the challenges to be overcome in the next years.

PlantOmics The Omics of Plant Science

PlantOmics  The Omics of Plant Science Book
Author : Debmalya Barh,Muhammad Sarwar Khan,Eric Davies
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-18
ISBN : 8132221729
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PlantOmics: The Omics of Plant Science provides a comprehensive account of the latest trends and developments of omics technologies or approaches and their applications in plant science. Thirty chapters written by 90 experts from 15 countries are included in this state-of-the-art book. Each chapter describes one topic/omics such as: omics in model plants, spectroscopy for plants, next generation sequencing, functional genomics, cyto-metagenomics, epigenomics, miRNAomics, proteomics, metabolomics, glycomics, lipidomics, secretomics, phenomics, cytomics, physiomics, signalomics, thiolomics, organelle omics, micro morphomics, microbiomics, cryobionomics, nanotechnology, pharmacogenomics, and computational systems biology for plants. It provides up to date information, technologies, and their applications that can be adopted and applied easily for deeper understanding plant biology and therefore will be helpful in developing the strategy for generating cost-effective superior plants for various purposes. In the last chapter, the editors have proposed several new areas in plant omics that may be explored in order to develop an integrated meta-omics strategy to ensure the world and earth’s health and related issues. This book will be a valuable resource to students and researchers in the field of cutting-edge plant omics.

Iscn 2016

Iscn 2016 Book
Author : M. Schmid
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-09-25
ISBN : 9783318058871
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Iscn 2016 book written by M. Schmid, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cytogenetics

Cytogenetics Book
Author : Marcelo L. Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-05-10
ISBN : 1838804056
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cytogenetics - Past, Present, and Further Perspectives discusses events that influenced the development of cytogenetics as a specialty within biology, with special attention paid to methodological achievements developed worldwide that have driven the field forward. Improvements to the resolution of chromosome analysis followed closely the introduction of innovative analytical technologies. In that sense, this book reviews and provides a brief account of the structure of chromosomes and stresses the high structural conservation in different species with an emphasis on aspects that require further research. However, it should be kept in mind that the future of cytogenetics will likely depend on improved knowledge of chromosome structure and function.

Repetitive DNA

Repetitive DNA Book
Author : Manuel A. Garrido-Ramos
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2012
ISBN : 3318021490
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The experimental data that have been generated using new molecular techniques associated with the completion of genome projects have changed our perception of the structural features, functional implications and evolutionary dynamics of repetitive DNA sequences. This volume of Genome Dynamics provides a valuable update on recent developments in research into multigene families, centromeres, telomeres, microsatellite DNA, satellite DNA, and transposable elements. Each chapter presents a review by distinguished experts and analyzes repetitive DNA diversity and abundance, as well as the impact on genome structure, function and evolution. This publication is targeted at scientists and scholars at every level, from students to faculty members, and, indeed, anyone involved or interested in genetics, molecular evolution, molecular biology as well as genomics will find it a valuable source of up-to-date information.

The AGT Cytogenetics Laboratory Manual

The AGT Cytogenetics Laboratory Manual Book
Author : Marilyn S. Arsham,Margaret J. Barch,Helen J. Lawce
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-04-24
ISBN : 1119061229
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Cytogenetics is the study of chromosome morphology, structure, pathology, function, and behavior. The field has evolved to embrace molecular cytogenetic changes, now termed cytogenomics. Cytogeneticists utilize an assortment of procedures to investigate the full complement of chromosomes and/or a targeted region within a specific chromosome in metaphase or interphase. Tools include routine analysis of G-banded chromosomes, specialized stains that address specific chromosomal structures, and molecular probes, such as fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and chromosome microarray analysis, which employ a variety of methods to highlight a region as small as a single, specific genetic sequence under investigation. The AGT Cytogenetics Laboratory Manual, Fourth Edition offers a comprehensive description of the diagnostic tests offered by the clinical laboratory and explains the science behind them. One of the most valuable assets is its rich compilation of laboratory-tested protocols currently being used in leading laboratories, along with practical advice for nearly every area of interest to cytogeneticists. In addition to covering essential topics that have been the backbone of cytogenetics for over 60 years, such as the basic components of a cell, use of a microscope, human tissue processing for cytogenetic analysis (prenatal, constitutional, and neoplastic), laboratory safety, and the mechanisms behind chromosome rearrangement and aneuploidy, this edition introduces new and expanded chapters by experts in the field. Some of these new topics include a unique collection of chromosome heteromorphisms; clinical examples of genomic imprinting; an example-driven overview of chromosomal microarray; mathematics specifically geared for the cytogeneticist; usage of ISCN’s cytogenetic language to describe chromosome changes; tips for laboratory management; examples of laboratory information systems; a collection of internet and library resources; and a special chapter on animal chromosomes for the research and zoo cytogeneticist. The range of topics is thus broad yet comprehensive, offering the student a resource that teaches the procedures performed in the cytogenetics laboratory environment, and the laboratory professional with a peer-reviewed reference that explores the basis of each of these procedures. This makes it a useful resource for researchers, clinicians, and lab professionals, as well as students in a university or medical school setting.

The Principles of Clinical Cytogenetics

The Principles of Clinical Cytogenetics Book
Author : Steven L. Gersen,Martha B. Keagle
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-26
ISBN : 1441916881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this thoroughly revised and expanded third edition of the highly praised classic, The Principles of Clinical Cytogenetics, a panel of hands-on experts update their descriptions of the basic concepts and interpretations involved in chromosome analysis to include the many advances that have occurred in the field. Among the highlights are a full chapter devoted to advances in chromosome microarray, soon to become a standard of care in this field, as well as an update on chromosome nomenclature as reflected in ISCN 2009. Other features include an update on automation to reflect the current state of the art, an update on hematopoietic neoplasms to reflect the new WHO guidelines, and updates on all regulatory changes that have been implemented. Cutting edge and readily accessible, The Principles of Clinical Cytogenetics, Third Edition offers physicians who depend on the cytogenetics laboratory for the diagnosis of their patients, students in cytogenetics programs, graduate and medical students studying for board examinations, cytogenetics technologists, and cytogeneticists a clear understanding of what happens in the cytogenetics laboratory to facilitate accurate and timely diagnoses.

Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization FISH Application Guide

Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization  FISH    Application Guide Book
Author : Thomas Liehr
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2010-10-15
ISBN : 9783642089527
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a unique source of information on the present state of the exciting field of molecular cytogenetics and how it can be applied in research and diagnostics. The basic techniques of fluorescence in situ hybridization and primed in situ hybridization (PRINS) are outlined, the multiple approaches and probe sets that are now available for these techniques are described, and applications of them are presented in 36 chapters by authors from ten different countries around the world. The book not only provides the reader with basic and background knowledge on the topic, but also gives detailed protocols that show how molecular cytogenetics is currently performed by specialists in this field. The FISH Application Guide initially provides an overview of the (historical) development of molecular cytogenetics, its basic procedures, the equipment required, and probe generation. The book then describes tips and tricks for making different tissues available for molecular cytogenetic studies. These are followed by chapters on various multicolor FISH probe sets, their availability, and their pot- tial for use in combination with other approaches. The possible applications that are shown encompass the characterization of marker chromosomes, cryptic cytogenetic aberrations and epigenetic changes in humans by interphase and metaphase cyto- netics, studies of nuclear architecture, as well as the application of molecular cytogenetics to zoology, botany and microbiology.

Cancer Cytogenetics

Cancer Cytogenetics Book
Author : Sverre Heim,Felix Mitelman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-06-29
ISBN : 1118795512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first three editions of this acclaimed book presented a much-needed conceptual synthesis of this rapidly moving field. Now, Cancer Cytogenetics, Fourth Edition, offers a comprehensive, expanded, and up-to-date review of recent dramatic advances in this area, incorporating a vast amount of new data from the latest basic and clinical investigations. New contributors reflecting broader international authorship and even greater expertise Greater emphasis throughout on the clinical importance and application of information about cytogenetic and molecular aberrations Includes a complete coverage of chromosome aberrations in cancer based on an assessment of the 60,000 neoplasms cytogenetically investigated to date Now produced in full color for enhanced clarity Covers how molecular genetic data (PCR-based and sequencing information) are collated with the cytogenetic data where pertinent Discusses how molecular cytogenetic data (based on studies using FISH, CGH, SNP, etc) are fused with karyotyping data to enable an as comprehensive understanding of cancer cytogenetics as is currently possible

Fish Cytogenetics

Fish Cytogenetics Book
Author : E Pisano,C. Ozouf-Costaz,F. Foresti
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-01-03
ISBN : 1578083303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past 20 years, fish cytogenetics has become an essential tool in fields as diverse as systematics and evolution, conservation, aquaculture and more recently, genomics. This book is organized in four sections (systematics and evolution; biodiversity conservation; stock assessment and aquaculture; genomics) covering the major fields of present fish cytogenetic research. The eighteen contributions from thirteen countries which make up this book, provide a comprehensive picture of the ongoing research around the world. Due to the diversified arrays of themes approached, including speciation and evolution, biodiversity and conservation and genomics, the book is addressed not only to specialists in cytogenetics but to all scientists interested in fish biology.