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Cyclospora And Cyclosporiasis

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Cyclospora and Cyclosporiasis

Cyclospora and Cyclosporiasis Book
Author : Long-Xiang Zhang,Rong-Jun Wang,Guang-Hui Zhao,Jun-Qiang Li
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-04-30
ISBN : 0128216220
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cyclospora cayetanensis is a microscopic parasite that can be transmitted via food or water sources and causes intestinal disease (Cyclosporiasis) in humans. Cyclospora and Cyclosporiasis: Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Detection, and Control reviews 22 species of Cyclospora and discusses C. cayetanensis infection in humans. This book offers comprehensive coverage that includes taxonomy and biology, molecular characteristics, and transmission of the parasite. It also provides researchers, clinicians, public health officials, and food safety officials with basic data for the epidemiology of the Cyclospora spp. or C. cayetanensis, as well as strategies to monitor large-scale outbreaks of Cyclospora spp. or C. cayetanensis. The book further covers clinical symptoms, diagnostic methods, and means of treatment and prevention of this disease and informs readers of the hazards of the parasite, common means of transmission, and self-protection measures. Provides the taxonomy of 22 species of Cyclospora (including two newly identified Cyclospora species) Covers the scenarios and characteristics of recent epidemics in the world, susceptible populations, and the risk factors in the transmission of the C. cayetanensis Summarizes recent developments in detection methods of Cyclospora spp. or C. cayetanensis in humans, animals, and the environment

Surveillance for Laboratory confirmed Sporadic Cases of Cyclosporiasis

Surveillance for Laboratory confirmed Sporadic Cases of Cyclosporiasis Book
Author : Rebecca L. Hall,Jeffrey L. Jones,Barbara L. Herwaldt,National Center for Zoonotic, Vector-Borne, and Enteric Diseases (U.S.). Division of Parasitic Diseases,Center for Global Health (U.S.). Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Problem/Condition: Cyclosporiasis is an enteric disease caused by the parasite Cyclospora cayetanensis. Cyclosporiasis is reported most commonly in tropical and subtropical regions. In the United States, outbreaks of cyclosporiasis associated with various types of imported fresh produce have been documented and described since the mid-1990s. No molecular tools are available for linking C. cayetanensis cases. National data regarding laboratory-confirmed sporadic cases (i.e., cases not linked to documented outbreaks) have not been summarized previously. Reporting Period: This summary includes laboratory-confirmed sporadic cases that occurred during 1997-2008 and were reported to CDC by 2009. Description of System: In January 1999, cyclosporiasis became a nationally notifiable disease, and, as of 2008, it was a reportable condition in 37 states, New York City (NYC), and the District of Columbia. For 1997-2008, CDC was notified of laboratory-confirmed cases via two active surveillance systems (the Cyclospora Sentinel Surveillance Network and the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network), two passive systems (the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System and the Public Health Laboratory Information System), and informal mechanisms (e.g., electronic mail). Results: CDC was notified of 1,110 laboratory-confirmed sporadic cases of cyclosporiasis that occurred during 1997-2008. The overall population-adjusted incidence rates ranged from a low of 0.01 cases per 100,000 persons in 1997 to a high of 0.07 in 2002. Of the 1,110 cases, 849 (76.5%) were reported by seven states: 498 (44.9%) occurred in residents of Florida (228 cases), NYC (200 cases), and elsewhere in New York state (70 cases); and >50 cases were reported by each of five other states (Connecticut, Georgia, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania). Overall, the case-patients' median age was 44 years (range: 3 months-96 years); 50.5% were female, 47.2% were male, and the sex was unknown for 2.3%. A total of 372 case-patients (33.5%) had a documented history of international travel during the 2-week period before symptom onset or diagnosis, 398 (35.9%) reported no international travel, and 340 (30.6%) had an unknown travel history. Some details about the travel were available for 317 (85.2%) of the case-patients with a known history of international travel; 142 (44.8%) had traveled to Mexico (60 persons), Guatemala (44 persons), or Peru (38 persons). Among the 398 case-patients classified as having domestically acquired cases, 124 persons (31.2%) lived in Florida, and 64 persons (16.1%) lived either in NYC (49 persons) or elsewhere in New York state (15 persons). The majority (278 [69.8%]) of onset or diagnosis dates for domestically acquired cases occurred during April-August. Interpretation: Approximately one third of cases occurred in persons with a known history of international travel who might have become infected while traveling outside the continental United States. Domestically acquired cases were concentrated in time (spring and summer) and place (eastern and southeastern states): some of these cases probably were outbreak associated but were not linked to other cases, in part because of a lack of molecular tools. Public Health Action: Surveillance for cases of cyclosporiasis and research to develop molecular methods for linking seemingly sporadic cases should remain U.S. public health priorities, in part to facilitate identification and investigation of outbreaks and to increase understanding of the biology of Cyclospora and the epidemiology of cyclosporiasis. Unidentified, uninvestigated cases and outbreaks represent missed opportunities to identify vehicles of infection, modes of contamination, and preventive measures. Travelers to known areas of endemicity should be advised that food and water precautions for Cyclospora are similar to those for other enteric pathogens, except that this parasite is unlikely to be killed by routine chemical disinfection or sanitizing methods. The diagnosis of cyclosporiasis should be considered for persons with persistent or remitting-relapsing diarrheal illness, and testing for Cyclospora should be requested explicitly"--P. 1.

Cyclospora cayetanensis as a Foodborne Pathogen

Cyclospora cayetanensis as a Foodborne Pathogen Book
Author : Ynés R. Ortega,Lucy J. Robertson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-18
ISBN : 3319535870
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Brief provides a comprehensive overview of Cyclospora cayetanensis, a protozoan apicomplexan parasite that leads to outbreaks of traveler's diarrhea in consumers. The main characteristics of Cyclospora cayetanensis infection are covered, including documented outbreaks, regional patterns and statistics. Various transmission routes for this parasite are outlined, with a focus on foodborne transmission. A major focus of Cyclospora Cayetanensis As A Foodborne Pathogen is the detection of Cyclospora cayetanensis in different food matrices. Decontamination procedures for the occurrence of this parasite in all major food types are outlined in detail, as well as current risk assessment procedures and regulations. The difficulty in minimizing the risk of infection in fresh produce is covered, plus potential solutions for this problem. This Brief not only comprehensively covers the current state of foodborne Cyclospora cayetanensis but also looks to future challenges in the detection, prevention and removal of this parasite in foods.

Food Safety Facts on Cyclospora

Food Safety Facts on Cyclospora Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-12-04
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) presents the full text of the fact sheet entitled "Food Safety Facts on Cyclospora," published in 2001. Cyclospora is a parasite that infects the small intestine of humans with the disease cyclosporiasis. The fact sheet highlights the symptoms of cyclosporiasis, how to avoid the parasite, and how the CFIA is protecting consumers from cyclospora.

The Pathogenic Enteric Protozoa

The Pathogenic Enteric Protozoa  Book
Author : Charles R. Sterling,Rodney D. Adam
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2006-04-11
ISBN : 1402078781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Giardia duodenalis (=G. lamblia), Entamoeba histolytica, Cryptosporidium parvum and Cyclospora cayetanensis are more than just a mouthful for most who might encounter them. These protozoan parasitic agents contribute significantly to the staggering caseload of diarrheal disease morbidity encountered in developing world nations. Compounding the issue of their mere presence is the fact that standard ova and parasite exams frequently do not detect these infections. Detectable stages may be shed intermittently or require specialized staining procedures. Added to this is the often large number of asymptomatic carriers who serve as reservoirs for infecting others. These parasites are also not strangers to more developed nations, having responsibility for both small and large-scale disease outbreaks. In such settings they may be even more difficult to detect simply because they are frequently overlooked in the grand scheme of disease causing possibilities. They share common features; all are Protozoa, all possess trophic stages that inhabit the gastrointestinal tract, all have the ability to produce disease and in some instances death, and all produce environmentally stable cysts or oocysts, which ensure their transmissibility. In other ways, these organisms are profoundly different. Giardia is a flagellate that inhabits the gut lumen in close association with enterocytes. Entamoeba is an amoeba that preferentially inhabits the mucosal region of the gut lumen, but which may, under certain circumstances, become invasive. Cryptosporidium and Cyclospora are obligate intracellular coccidians, each taking up a unique niche within their respective host enterocytes.

The Safety of Food Imports

The Safety of Food Imports Book
Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Governmental Affairs. Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Safety of Food Imports book written by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Governmental Affairs. Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Addressing Foodborne Threats to Health

Addressing Foodborne Threats to Health Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2006-09-18
ISBN : 9780309180139
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In December 2004, at a press conference called to announce his departure as Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Tommy Thompson raised both concern and controversy when he remarked that he could not understand why the terrorists had not yet attacked our food supply "because it is so easy to do." Although to date the United States has been spared such a disaster, the many documented examples of unintentional outbreaks of foodborne disease-some of which have sickened hundreds of thousands of people, and killed hundreds-provide a grim basis for estimating the impact of deliberate food adulteration. Due to the wide variety of potential chemical and biological agents that could be introduced at many vulnerable points along the food supply continuum, contaminating food is considered an especially simple, yet effective, means to threaten large populations. To explore the nature and extent of such threats, possibilities for reducing their impact, and obstacles to this goal, the Forum on Microbial Threats of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) convened the workshop Foodborne Threats to Health: The Policies and Practice of Surveillance, Prevention, Outbreak Investigations, and International Coordination on October 25 and 26, 2005. Workshop participants discussed the threat spectrum and burden of disease associated with foodborne illness and the role that increasing globalization of food production and distribution plays in the transmission of foodborne disease. Participants also reviewed existing research, policies, and practices concerning foodborne threats in order to identify unmet needs, challenges, and opportunities for improving food safety systems, surveillance, and emergency response. Although this workshop summary provides an account of the individual presentations, it also reflects an important aspect of the Forum philosophy. The workshop functions as a dialogue among representatives from different sectors and presents their beliefs on which areas may merit further attention. However, the reader should be aware that the material presented here expresses the views and opinions of the individuals participating in the workshop and not the deliberations of a formally constituted IOM study committee. These proceedings summarize only what participants stated in the workshop and are not intended to be an exhaustive exploration of the subject matter or a representation of consensus evaluation.

Encyclopedia of Food Safety

Encyclopedia of Food Safety Book
Author : Yasmine Motarjemi,Gerald Moy,Ewen Todd
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-12-12
ISBN : 0123786134
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the world’s growing population, the provision of a safe, nutritious and wholesome food supply for all has become a major challenge. To achieve this, effective risk management based on sound science and unbiased information is required by all stakeholders, including the food industry, governments and consumers themselves. In addition, the globalization of the food supply requires the harmonization of policies and standards based on a common understanding of food safety among authorities in countries around the world. With some 280 chapters, the Encyclopedia of Food Safety provides unbiased and concise overviews which form in total a comprehensive coverage of a broad range of food safety topics, which may be grouped under the following general categories: History and basic sciences that support food safety; Foodborne diseases, including surveillance and investigation; Foodborne hazards, including microbiological and chemical agents; Substances added to food, both directly and indirectly; Food technologies, including the latest developments; Food commodities, including their potential hazards and controls; Food safety management systems, including their elements and the roles of stakeholders. The Encyclopedia provides a platform for experts from the field of food safety and related fields, such as nutrition, food science and technology and environment to share and learn from state-of-the art expertise with the rest of the food safety community. Assembled with the objective of facilitating the work of those working in the field of food safety and related fields, such as nutrition, food science and technology and environment - this work covers the entire spectrum of food safety topics into one comprehensive reference work The Editors have made every effort to ensure that this work meets strict quality and pedagogical thresholds such as: contributions by the foremost authorities in their fields; unbiased and concise overviews on a multitude of food safety subjects; references for further information, and specialized and general definitions for food safety terminology In maintaining confidence in the safety of the food supply, sound scientific information is key to effectively and efficiently assessing, managing and communicating on food safety risks. Yet, professionals and other specialists working in this multidisciplinary field are finding it increasingly difficult to keep up with developments outside their immediate areas of expertise. This single source of concise, reliable and authoritative information on food safety has, more than ever, become a necessity

The Microbiological Safety of Food in Healthcare Settings

The Microbiological Safety of Food in Healthcare Settings Book
Author : Barbara Lund,Paul Hunter
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-04-30
ISBN : 0470698020
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drawing together the work of a wide range of experts, this extremely important book provides a clear, practical account of the salient features of foodborne pathogenic microorganisms and of the particular risks that they pose to vulnerable groups of the population in hospitals, nursing and residential homes, nurseries, and in the community at large. Chapters cover the following topics: • Properties and importance of microorganisms that cause foodborne disease • Surveillance of foodborne disease • Occurrence of foodborne disease in healthcare settings • Vulnerable groups of the population • Provisions for food and water • Implementation of safety systems Presenting a wealth of information of great importance, this comprehensive and well-edited book is a vital resource for physicians, doctors and nurses responsible for the control of infection, clinicians, physicians, public health doctors and specialists, those responsible for catering management, microbiologists, environmental health officers, food scientists and food technologists. It is also designed to be accessible to policy makers and administrators who may not have specialist training. Libraries in all universities, research establishments and medical schools where these subjects are studied and taught should have copies of this essential work on their shelves.

Infectious Diseases in Immunocompromised Hosts

Infectious Diseases in Immunocompromised Hosts Book
Author : Vassil St. Georgiev
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1997-12-29
ISBN : 9780849385537
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Because of limited access to medical libraries and medical journals, the majority of clinicians may find it difficult to keep informed on the latest developments in drug manufacture and treatment of infectious diseases in immunocompromised patients. This new handbook strives to fulfill the need for information in this area of medicine. This is the first book on drug development and treatment of infectious diseases in immunocompromised hosts. It integrates both results from large-scale clinical trials and single cases as well as small groups of patients. It covers bacterial, viral, parasitic, and fungal infections, including a wide array of diseases. Infectious Diseases in Immunocompromised Hosts encompasses not only opportunistic infections associated exclusively with immunocompromised patients, but also common infections that become life-threatening for immunosuppressed individuals.

Case Studies in Food Safety and Authenticity

Case Studies in Food Safety and Authenticity Book
Author : Jeffrey Hoorfar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-06-25
ISBN : 0857096931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The identification and control of food contaminants rely on careful investigation and implementation of appropriate management strategies. Using a wide range of real-life examples, Case studies in food safety and authenticity provides a vital insight into the practical application of strategies for control and prevention. Part one provides examples of recent outbreak investigations from a wide range of experts around the world, including lessons learnt, before part two goes on to explore examples of how the source was traced and the implications for the food chain. Methods of crisis management are the focus of part three, whilst part four provides studies of farm-level interventions and the tracking of contaminants before they enter the food chain. Part five is focussed on safe food production, and considers the challenges of regulatory testing and certification, hygiene control and predictive microbiology. The book concludes in part six with an examination of issues related to food adulteration and authenticity. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Case studies in food safety and authenticity is a key reference work for those involved in food production, including quality control, laboratory and risk managers, food engineers, and anyone involved in researching and teaching food safety. Delivers a vital insight into the practical application of strategies for control and prevention of food contaminants Provides detailed examples of recent outbreak investigations from a wide range of international experts, discussing how the source was traced and the implications for the food chain Chapters discuss methods of crisis management, farm-level interventions, safe food production and the challenges of regulatory testing and certification

Emerging Infectious Diseases

Emerging Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Felissa R. Lashley, PhD, RN, FABMGG,Jerry D. Durham, PhD, RN, FAAN
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release : 2007-05-14
ISBN : 9780826103505
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This new work updates the highly regarded first edition...and is equally excellent. It offers a wealth of timely information about a variety of emerging and reemerging infections...This is an excellent reference for anyone interested in emerging infections, and will be a valuable resource for health science students, especially those in nursing and public health....Highly recommended. Upper-level undergraduates through professionals/practitioners."--Choice Emerging, re-emerging, and antibiotic-resistant infectious diseases continue to increase at an alarming rate throughout the world. Written for a wide range of health professionals, particularly nurses, this revised edition provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of these diseases: their epidemiology, clinical manifestations, prevention, and treatment. With contributions by a multidisciplinary team of nurses, physicians, and infectious disease specialists, the book includes material on the most recent and important new emerging infectious diseases: Avian influenza and SARS Issues of demographics and microbial resistance Special topics, including bioterrorism Behavioral and cultural factors Infectious etiologies of chronic diseases Travel and recreational exposure Each chapter is amply illustrated with clinical case examples to demonstrate the pitfalls in differential diagnosis and elucidate proper management and treatment. Valuable appendices provide critical reference information for each of the bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic diseases.

Biology of Foodborne Parasites

Biology of Foodborne Parasites Book
Author : Lihua Xiao,Una Ryan,Yaoyu Feng
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-04-06
ISBN : 1466568852
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While a number of introductory books on basic and molecular biology are available, none highlight the foodborne parasitic pathogens. Until now. A state-of-the-art review, Biology of Foodborne Parasites charts significant progress and outlines key biological techniques applied to foodborne parasitic pathogens research. The book covers basic biology, genetics and genomics, epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, control, and prevention. It showcases recent research that can then be used to spark further breakthroughs. The book addresses challenging issues in food pathogen detection. It details individual foodborne protists and helminthes, with each chapter following a similar format for a consistent presentation of information. It discusses topics ranging from basic biology, genetics and genomics, molecular detection and typing, and pathogenesis to epidemiology, molecular epidemiology, treatment and prevention, among other current concerns. It also details the methods used to diagnose the infection, characterize the pathogen, and detect parasites in three food commodities: meats, water, and fresh produce. With chapters written by experts in their respective fields, the book presents a reliable roadmap for future development of improved, innovative biological and molecular methods for analysis of foodborne parasitic pathogens. A handy, comprehensive reference on all aspects of biology of foodborne parasites, it highlights research needs and directions, helping you develop advanced diagnostic tools and new intervention measures.

The Safety of Food Imports without special title

The Safety of Food Imports  without special title Book
Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Governmental Affairs. Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Safety of Food Imports without special title book written by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Governmental Affairs. Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Oxford Textbook of Medicine Infection

Oxford Textbook of Medicine  Infection Book
Author : David Warrell,Timothy M. Cox,John Firth,Estée Török
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2012-10-11
ISBN : 0191631736
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Oxford Textbook of Medicine: Infection is selected from the infection section of the renowned Oxford Textbook of Medicine, Fifth Edition. The book is an authoritative resource on infectious diseases. Comprehensive in its coverage and beautifully illustrated in full colour, it is an essential guide to the present-day management and prevention of a wide variety of infectious diseases. Covering diseases that are both familiar and tropical as well as those that continue to emerge, medical professionals will find it immensely valuable when diagnosing and preventing infection in their day-to-day practice. In 121 chapters, experts in infectious diseases from across the world review the essentials of current infectious disease practice and provide a wealth of practical advice that medical professionals can use in clinical situations. In addition, background information on epidemiology, pathogenesis and pathophysiology encourages a fuller understanding of conditions, and over 250 full colour images help with diagnosis when treating patients. A commanding discussion of infectious diseases from both Western and tropical countries, the Oxford Textbook of Medicine: Infection provides detailed information on a extensive range of viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and helminths. Vast in scope and truly global in reach, chapters span a variety of topics including, pathogenic microorganisms and the host, the patient with suspected infection, travel and expedition medicine, and non-venomous arthropods. They reflect the globalization of disease that has resulted from the unprecedented increase in international travel and immigration, as well as natural/man-made disasters that demand massive international aid efforts. This up-to-date and essential reference tool, supports all medical professionals in the treatment and prevention of infectious diseases. It will be of particular value to clinicians working in, or seeing patients from the developing world, due to the wide range of pathogens discussed. It also supports those taking diploma courses in Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, and HIV medicine. No infectious disease specialist or trainee should be without a copy of this definitive resource.

CDC Health Information for International Travel 2012

CDC Health Information for International Travel 2012 Book
Author : CDC
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2011-06-06
ISBN : 0199830363
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Health risks are dynamic and ever-changing, both at home and while traveling abroad. To stay abreast of the most up-to-date health recommendations, for decades health care professionals and travelers have relied on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's user-friendly Health Information for International Travel (commonly referred to as the The Yellow Book) as a trusted reference. Updated biennially by a team of experts, this book is the only publication for all official government recommendations for international travel. The book's features include clear and easy-to-read disease risk maps, information on where to find health care during travel, specific health information and itineraries for popular tourist destinations, detailed country-specific information for yellow fever and malaria, advice for those traveling with infants and children, and a comprehensive catalog of diseases, their clinical pictures, and their epidemiologies. The Yellow Book addresses the pre-travel consult and provides post-travel clinical guidance on ways to approach common syndromes of returned travelers who are ill.

Principles and Practice of Clinical Parasitology

Principles and Practice of Clinical Parasitology Book
Author : Stephen Gillespie,Richard D. Pearson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2003-01-24
ISBN : 0470851724
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive account of protozoan and metozoan diseases in modern clinical practice, with orientation towards clinical management of parasitic infections. In the past, parasitology was considered as an obscure subject of little relevance to the majority of clinicians and microbiologists. Over the last decade, however, much has happened to change this, not least the explosion in foreign travel This textbook is the forth in the Principles and Practice series, providing an expansive and detailed coverage of clinical microbiology. It has a similar appeal to that of Zuckerman's, Principles & Practice of Clinical Virology, with an international authorship and emphasis placed on integrating new knowledge in a clinically relevant manner. . An essential, up-to-date sourcebook on the fundamentals of human parasitology . Provides a global approach with renowned and international authorship . Completes the quartet of Principles and Practice series in Microbiology

Introduction to Epidemiology

Introduction to Epidemiology Book
Author : Merrill
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release : 2015-12-30
ISBN : 1284094359
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Epidemiology, Seventh Edition is the ideal introductory text for the epidemiology student with minimal training in the biomedical sciences and statistics.

Giardia and Cryptosporidium

Giardia and Cryptosporidium Book
Author : Guadalupe Ortega-Pierres
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2009
ISBN : 1845933915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Giardia and Cryptosporidium are both parasites of considerable global interest due to the gastrointestinal problems these organisms can cause in humans as well as domestic and wild animals. Despite its long history as the causative agent of giardiasis, the clinical and zoonotic significance of Giardia infections in humans and animals is only beginning to emerge with the application of molecular tools. Less is known about Cryptosporidium and studies seek to understand the impact of infection in livestock and other animals, its epidemiology and zoonotic significance. Presenting a comprehensive overview of recent research this book draws on the experience of experts in all fields of Giardia and Cryptosporidium research.

Introduction to Epidemiology

Introduction to Epidemiology Book
Author : Ray M. Merrill
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2019-10-01
ISBN : 1284170705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recognized by Book Authority as one of the best Public Health books of all time, Introduction to Epidemiology is a comprehensive, reader-friendly introduction to this exciting field. Designed for students with minimal training in the biomedical sciences and statistics, this full-color text emphasizes the application of the basic principles of epidemiology according to person, place, and time factors in order to solve current, often unexpected, and serious public health problems. Students will learn how to identify and describe public health problems, formulate research hypotheses, select appropriate research study designs, manage and analyze epidemiologic data, interpret results, and apply results in preventing and controlling disease and health-related events. Offering real-world examples in the form of case studies and news files in each chapter, Introduction to Epidemiology is an accessible and effective approach to learning epidemiology.