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Crystal Growth Of Si Ingots For Solar Cells Using Cast Furnaces

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Crystal Growth of Si for Solar Cells Using Cast Furnaces

Crystal Growth of Si for Solar Cells Using Cast Furnaces Book
Author : Kazuo Nakajima
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-10
ISBN : 9780128197486
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Crystal Growth of Si for Solar Cells Using Cast Furnaces is the first book written to both comprehensively describe these concepts and technologies and compare the strengths and weaknesses of various techniques. Readers will learn about the basic growth and characterization of Si crystals, including sections on the history of cast methods for Si ingots for solar cells. Methods discussed include the dendrite cast method, as well as other significant technologies, including the high-performance (HP) cast and mono-like cast methods. These concepts, growth mechanisms, growth technologies, and the problems that still need to be solved are all included in this comprehensive volume. Covers the concept of crystal growth, providing an understanding of each growth method Discusses the quality of Si ingot, mainly from the viewpoint of crystal defects and their control Reviews fundamental characterization concepts to discern the quality of ingots and wafers Discusses concepts and technologies to establish a low-temperature region in a Si melt using the NOC method in order to obtain a uniform and large Si single ingot with low stress

Crystal Growth of Si Ingots for Solar Cells Using Cast Furnaces

Crystal Growth of Si Ingots for Solar Cells Using Cast Furnaces Book
Author : Kazuo Nakajima
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-07
ISBN : 0128200707
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Crystal Growth of Si Ingots for Solar Cells Using Cast Furnaces is the first book written to both comprehensively describe these concepts and technologies and compare the strengths and weaknesses of various techniques. Readers will learn about the basic growth and characterization of Si crystals, including sections on the history of cast methods for Si ingots for solar cells. Methods discussed include the dendrite cast method, as well as other significant technologies, including the high-performance (HP) cast and mono-like cast methods. These concepts, growth mechanisms, growth technologies, and the problems that still need to be solved are all included in this comprehensive volume. Covers the concept of crystal growth, providing an understanding of each growth method Discusses the quality of Si ingot, mainly from the viewpoint of crystal defects and their control Reviews fundamental characterization concepts to discern the quality of ingots and wafers Discusses concepts and technologies to establish a low-temperature region in a Si melt using the NOC method in order to obtain a uniform and large Si single ingot with low stress

Springer Handbook of Crystal Growth

Springer Handbook of Crystal Growth Book
Author : Govindhan Dhanaraj,Kullaiah Byrappa,Vishwanath Prasad,Michael Dudley
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-10-20
ISBN : 9783540747611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the years, many successful attempts have been chapters in this part describe the well-known processes made to describe the art and science of crystal growth, such as Czochralski, Kyropoulos, Bridgman, and o- and many review articles, monographs, symposium v- ing zone, and focus speci cally on recent advances in umes, and handbooks have been published to present improving these methodologies such as application of comprehensive reviews of the advances made in this magnetic elds, orientation of the growth axis, intro- eld. These publications are testament to the grow- duction of a pedestal, and shaped growth. They also ing interest in both bulk and thin- lm crystals because cover a wide range of materials from silicon and III–V of their electronic, optical, mechanical, microstructural, compounds to oxides and uorides. and other properties, and their diverse scienti c and The third part, Part C of the book, focuses on - technological applications. Indeed, most modern ad- lution growth. The various aspects of hydrothermal vances in semiconductor and optical devices would growth are discussed in two chapters, while three other not have been possible without the development of chapters present an overview of the nonlinear and laser many elemental, binary, ternary, and other compound crystals, KTP and KDP. The knowledge on the effect of crystals of varying properties and large sizes. The gravity on solution growth is presented through a c- literature devoted to basic understanding of growth parison of growth on Earth versus in a microgravity mechanisms, defect formation, and growth processes environment.

Frontiers in Materials Research

Frontiers in Materials Research Book
Author : Yasunori Fujikawa,Kazuo Nakajima,Toshio Sakurai
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-07-02
ISBN : 354077968X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New advanced materials are being rapidly developed, thanks to the progress of science. These are making our daily life more convenient. The Institute for Materials Research (IMR) at Tohoku University has greatly contributed for to the creation and development of various advanced materials and the progress in the ?eld of material science for almost a century. For example, our early research achievements on the physical metallurgy of iron carbon alloys led to the innovation of technology for making high-quality steels, which has greatly contributed to the advancement of the steel and related industry in Japan and rest of the world. IMR has focused on basic research that can be translated into applications in the future, for the bene?t of mankind. With this tradition, we have established the ?rst high-magnetic ?eld as well as low-temperature technologies in Japan, which were essential to the - vancement of magnetism and superconductivity. Recently, IMR has expanded its research in the ?eld of advanced materials including metallic glasses, - ramics, nano-structural metals, semiconductors, solar cell crystals, new op- andspin-electronicsmaterials,organicmaterials,hydrogenstoragealloys,and shaped crystals. Inthefaceofthecrisisofthedestructionoftheglobalenvironment,the- pletion of world-wide natural resources, and the exhaustion of energy sources in the twenty-?rst century, we all have an acute/serious desire for a b- ter/safer world in the future. IMR has been and will continue the pursuit of research aimed at solving global problems and furthering eco-friendly dev- opment.

Crystal Growth of Silicon for Solar Cells

Crystal Growth of Silicon for Solar Cells Book
Author : Kazuo Nakajima,Noritaka Usami
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-03-12
ISBN : 3642020445
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, a continuation of the series “Advances in Materials Research,” is intended to provide the general basis of the science and technology of crystal growth of silicon for solar cells. In the face of the destruction of the global environment,the degradationofworld-widenaturalresourcesandtheexha- tion of energy sources in the twenty-?rst century, we all have a sincere desire for a better/safer world in the future. In these days, we strongly believe that it is important for us to rapidly developanewenvironment-friendlycleanenergyconversionsystemusingsolar energyastheultimatenaturalenergysource. Forinstance,mostofournatural resources and energy sources will be exhausted within the next 100 years. Speci?cally, the consumption of oil, natural gas, and uranium is a serious problem. Solar energy is the only ultimate natural energy source. Although 30% of total solar energy is re?ected at the earth’s surface, 70% of total solar energy can be available for us to utilize. The available solar energy amounts to severalthousand times larger than the world’s energy consumption in 2000 of about 9,000 Mtoe (M ton oil equivalent). To manage 10% of the world’s energy consumption at 2050 by solar energy, we must manufacture 40 GW solar cells per year continuously for 40 years. The required silicon feedstock is about 400,000 ton per year. We believe that this is an attainable target, since it can be realized by increasing the world production of silicon feedstock by 12times asmuchasthe presentproductionat2005.

Technology Manufacturing and Grid Connection of Photovoltaic Solar Cells

Technology  Manufacturing and Grid Connection of Photovoltaic Solar Cells Book
Author : Guangyu Wang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-02-16
ISBN : 1119035201
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A unique guide to the most important technical aspects of photovoltaic power generation with comprehensive analysis and author industry-experience Unique from other books in the area in that it explains profound theories in simple language, introduces widely used production equipment and processes for industry professionals, and explains the complete PV industry chain from material to power generation Has originated from the author’s practical industry experience, enabling the use of up-to-date information during this time of new development in the Chinese PV industry Content includes approximately 255 illustrations and 46 tables to help clarify complex theories.

Handbook of Crystal Growth

Handbook of Crystal Growth Book
Author : Tatau Nishinaga
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-11-04
ISBN : 0444593764
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume IA Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition (Fundamentals: Thermodynamics and Kinetics) Volume IA addresses the present status of crystal growth science, and provides scientific tools for the following volumes: Volume II (Bulk Crystal Growth) and III (Thin Film Growth and Epitaxy). Volume IA highlights thermodynamics and kinetics. After historical introduction of the crystal growth, phase equilibria, defect thermodynamics, stoichiometry, and shape of crystal and structure of melt are described. Then, the most fundamental and basic aspects of crystal growth are presented, along with the theories of nucleation and growth kinetics. In addition, the simulations of crystal growth by Monte Carlo, ab initio-based approach and colloidal assembly are thoroughly investigated. Volume IB Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition (Fundamentals: Transport and Stability) Volume IB discusses pattern formation, a typical problem in crystal growth. In addition, an introduction to morphological stability is given and the phase-field model is explained with comparison to experiments. The field of nanocrystal growth is rapidly expanding and here the growth from vapor is presented as an example. For the advancement of life science, the crystal growth of protein and other biological molecules is indispensable and biological crystallization in nature gives many hints for their crystal growth. Another subject discussed is pharmaceutical crystal growth. To understand the crystal growth, in situ observation is extremely powerful. The observation techniques are demonstrated. Volume IA Explores phase equilibria, defect thermodynamics of Si, stoichiometry of oxides and atomistic structure of melt and alloys Explains basic ideas to understand crystal growth, equilibrium shape of crystal, rough-smooth transition of step and surface, nucleation and growth mechanisms Focuses on simulation of crystal growth by classical Monte Carlo, ab-initio based quantum mechanical approach, kinetic Monte Carlo and phase field model. Controlled colloidal assembly is presented as an experimental model for crystal growth. Volume IIB Describes morphological stability theory and phase-field model and comparison to experiments of dendritic growth Presents nanocrystal growth in vapor as well as protein crystal growth and biological crystallization Interprets mass production of pharmaceutical crystals to be understood as ordinary crystal growth and explains crystallization of chiral molecules Demonstrates in situ observation of crystal growth in vapor, solution and melt on the ground and in space

EPD Congress 2015

EPD Congress 2015 Book
Author : James Yurko,Antoine Allanore,Laura Bartlett,Jonghyun Lee,Lifeng Zhang,Gabriella Tranell,Yulia Meteleva-Fischer,Shadia Ikhmayies,Arief Budiman,Prabhat Tripathy,Guy Fredrickson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-10
ISBN : 3319482149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

EPD Congress is an annual collection that addresses extraction and processing metallurgy. The papers in this book are drawn from symposia held at the 2015 Annual Meeting of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society. The 2015 edition includes papers from the following symposia: •Materials Processing Fundamentals •Solar Cell Silicon •High-Temperature Electrochemistry II

Solar Energy Update

Solar Energy Update Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Solar Energy Update book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Crystal Growth

Handbook of Crystal Growth Book
Author : Peter Rudolph
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-11-04
ISBN : 0444633065
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vol 2A: Basic Technologies Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition Volume IIA (Basic Technologies) presents basic growth technologies and modern crystal cutting methods. Particularly, the methodical fundamentals and development of technology in the field of bulk crystallization on both industrial and research scales are explored. After an introductory chapter on the formation of minerals, ruling historically the basic crystal formation parameters, advanced basic technologies from melt, solution, and vapour being applied for research and production of the today most important materials, like silicon, semiconductor compounds and oxides are presented in detail. The interdisciplinary and general importance of crystal growth for human live are illustrated. Vol 2B: Growth Mechanisms and Dynamics Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition Volume IIB (Growth Mechanisms and Dynamics) deals with characteristic mechanisms and dynamics accompanying each bulk crystal growth method discussed in Volume IIA. Before the atoms or molecules pass over from a position in the fluid medium (gas, melt or solution) to their place in the crystalline face they must be transported in the fluid over macroscopic distances by diffusion, buoyancy-driven convection, surface-tension-driven convection, and forced convection (rotation, acceleration, vibration, magnetic mixing). Further, the heat of fusion and the part carried by the species on their way to the crystal by conductive and convective transport must be dissipated in the solid phase by well-organized thermal conduction and radiation to maintain a stable propagating interface. Additionally, segregation and capillary phenomena play a decisional role for chemical composition and crystal shaping, respectively. Today, the increase of high-quality crystal yield, its size enlargement and reproducibility are imperative conditions to match the strong economy. Volume 2A Presents the status and future of Czochralski and float zone growth of dislocation-free silicon Examines directional solidification of silicon ingots for photovoltaics, vertical gradient freeze of GaAs, CdTe for HF electronics and IR imaging as well as antiferromagnetic compounds and super alloys for turbine blades Focuses on growth of dielectric and conducting oxide crystals for lasers and non-linear optics Topics on hydrothermal, flux and vapour phase growth of III-nitrides, silicon carbide and diamond are explored Volume 2B Explores capillarity control of the crystal shape at the growth from the melt Highlights modeling of heat and mass transport dynamics Discusses control of convective melt processes by magnetic fields and vibration measures Includes imperative information on the segregation phenomenon and validation of compositional homogeneity Examines crystal defect generation mechanisms and their controllability Illustrates proper automation modes for ensuring constant crystal growth process Exhibits fundamentals of solution growth, gel growth of protein crystals, growth of superconductor materials and mass crystallization for food and pharmaceutical industries

Investigation of the Impurity Tolerance of Semicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells Silicon Impact Program

Investigation of the Impurity Tolerance of Semicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells Silicon Impact Program Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Veeco resistance heated Czochralski crystal growing furnace was redesigned to allow for the in-situ casting of semicrystalline silicon ingots. The casting technique that is being employed in this program is based upon the Bridgeman technique of crystal growth. Samples of metallurgical grade silicon have been obtained from Ohio-Ferro Alloys corporation and preparation of this material has begun for incorporation into the experimental castings. Initial casting experiments have commenced using pure semiconductor grade silicon to establish a base line process for later experiments which will employ metallurgical grade silicon.

ACCGE 2015 Abstracts eBook

ACCGE 2015 Abstracts eBook Book
Author : American Association for Crystal Growth (AACG)
Publisher : Coe Truman International, LLC
Release : 2015-07-15
ISBN : 1613300085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A collection of abstracts for the 20th American Conference on Crystal Growth and Epitaxy (ACCGE-20) and 17th U.S. Biennial Workshop on Organometallic Vapor Phase Epitaxy (OMVPE-17) and The Second 2D Electronic Materials Symposium.

Energy

Energy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bulk Crystal Growth of Electronic Optical and Optoelectronic Materials

Bulk Crystal Growth of Electronic  Optical and Optoelectronic Materials Book
Author : Peter Capper
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2005-10-31
ISBN : 0470012072
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A valuable, timely book for the crystal growth community, edited by one of the most respected members in the field. Contents cover all the important materials from silicon through the III-V and II-IV compounds to oxides, nitrides, fluorides, carbides and diamonds International group of contributors from academia and industry provide a balanced treatment Includes global interest with particular relevance to: USA, Canada, UK, France, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, China, Australia and South Africa

Summary of Flat Plate Solar Array Project Documentation

Summary of Flat Plate Solar Array Project Documentation Book
Author : M. J. Phillips
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Summary of Flat Plate Solar Array Project Documentation book written by M. J. Phillips, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Energy a Continuing Bibliography with Indexes

Energy  a Continuing Bibliography with Indexes Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy a Continuing Bibliography with Indexes book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy Research Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Solar Photovoltaic Power Generation

Solar Photovoltaic Power Generation Book
Author : Jinhuan Yang,Xiao Yuan,Liang Ji
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2020-08-10
ISBN : 311052483X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book illustrates theories in photovoltaic power generation, and focuses on the application of photovoltaic system, such as on-grid and off-grid system optimization design. The principle of the solar cell and manufacturing processes, the design and installation of PV system are extensively discussed in the book, making it an essential reference for graduate students in photovoltaic field and industrial engineers.