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Crude Oil Fouling

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Crude Oil Fouling

Crude Oil Fouling Book
Author : Francesco Coletti,Geoffrey Hewitt
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2014-11-20
ISBN : 0128013591
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With production from unconventional rigs continuing to escalate and refineries grappling with the challenges of shale and heavier oil feedstocks, petroleum engineers and refinery managers must ensure that equipment used with today’s crude oil is protected from fouling deposits Crude Oil Fouling addresses this overarching challenge for the petroleum community with clear explanations on what causes fouling, current models and new approaches to evaluate and study the formation of deposits, and how today’s models could be applied from lab experiment to onsite field usability for not just the refinery, but for the rig, platform, or pipeline. Crude Oil Fouling is a must-have reference for every petroleum engineer’s library that gives the basic framework needed to analyze, model, and integrate the best fouling strategies and operations for crude oil systems. Defines the most critical variables and events that cause fouling Explains the consequences of fouling and its impact on operations, safety, and economics Provides the technical models available to better predict and eliminate the potential for fouling in any crude system

Crude Oil Fouling

Crude Oil Fouling Book
Author : Francesco Coletti,Geoffrey Hewitt
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2014-11-21
ISBN : 9780128012567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Nearly every gallon (or litre!) of fuel which is used in transport vehicles (cars, trucks, trains, aeroplanes etc.) is derived from oil which is extracted in the crude state from oil wells and which is then processed in an oil refinery to yield the required transport fuel (gasoline, diesel, kerosene etc). The first task in the refinery is to separate these useful fuels from the crude oil by the process of distillation in which the components of the oil are separated on the basis of their volatility. Of course, the components of crude oil which are of volatility too low to allow them to be used as fuels are also separated in the distillation process and can be either directly used (for example as lubricating or fuel oils) or can be chemically converted to more volatile materials"--

Fouling in Refineries

Fouling in Refineries Book
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2015-05-14
ISBN : 0128011459
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fouling in Refineries is an important and ongoing problem that directly affects energy efficiency resulting in increased costs, production losses, and even unit shutdown, requiring costly expenditures to clean up equipment and return capacity to positive levels. This text addresses this common challenge for the hydrocarbon processing community within each unit of the refinery. As refineries today face a greater challenge of accepting harder to process heavier crudes and the ongoing flow of the lighter shale oil feedstocks, resulting in bigger challenges to balance product stability within their process equipment, this text seeks to inform all relative refinery personnel on how to monitor fouling, characterize the deposits, and follow all available treatments. With basic modeling and chemistry of fouling and each unit covered, users will learn how to operate at maximum production rates and elongate the efficiency of their refinery’s capacity. Presents an understanding of the breakdown of fouling per refinery unit, including distillation and coking units Provides all the factors, crude types, and refining blends that cause fouling, especially the unconventional feedstocks and high acid crudes used today Helps users develop an analysis-based treatment and control strategy that empowers them to operate refinery equipment at a level that prevents fouling from occurring

Asphaltene Deposition

Asphaltene Deposition Book
Author : Francisco M. Vargas,Mohammad Tavakkoli
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-05-16
ISBN : 1351977326
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As global consumption of fossil fuels such as oil increases, previously abundant sources have become depleted or plagued with obstructions. Asphaltene deposition is one of such obstructions which can significantly decrease the rate of oil production. This book offers concise yet thorough coverage of the complex problem of asphaltene precipitation and deposition in oil production. It covers fundamentals of chemistry, stabilization theories and mechanistic approaches of asphaltene behavior at high temperature and pressure. Asphaltene Deposition: Fundamentals, Prediction, Prevention, and Remediation explains techniques for experimental determination of asphaltene precipitation and deposition and different modeling tools available to forecast the occurrence and magnitude of asphaltene deposition in a given oil field. It discusses strategies for mitigation of asphaltene deposition using chemical inhibition and corresponding challenges, best practices for asphaltene remediation, current research, and case studies.

Fouling of Heat Exchangers

Fouling of Heat Exchangers Book
Author : T.R. Bott
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1995-04-13
ISBN : 9780080531908
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique and comprehensive text considers all aspects of heat exchanger fouling from the basic science of how surfaces become fouled to very practical ways of mitigating the problem and from mathematical modelling of different fouling mechanisms to practical methods of heat exchanger cleaning. The problems that restrict the efficient operation of equipment are described and the costs, some of them hidden costs, that are associated with the fouling of heat exchangers are discussed. Some simple concepts and models of the fouling processes are presented as part of the introduction to the subject. Advice on the selection, design, installation and commissioning of heat exchangers to minimise fouling is given. A large part of the text is devoted to the use of chemical and other additives to reduce or eliminate the problem of fouling. Another large section is designed to give information on both on-line and off-line cleaning of heat exchangers. One of the difficulties faced by designers and operators of heat exchangers is anticipating the likely extent of fouling problems to be encountered with different flow streams. Another large section addresses the question and describes methods that have been used in attempting to define fouling potential. The book concludes with a chapter on how fouling information can be obtained using plant data, field tests and laboratory studies.

Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry

Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry Book
Author : Alec Groysman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-24
ISBN : 3319452568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses corrosion problems and their solutions at facilities in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, including cooling water and boiler feed water units. Further, it describes and analyzes corrosion control actions, corrosion monitoring, and corrosion management. Corrosion problems are a perennial issue in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, as they lead to a deterioration of the functional properties of metallic equipment and harm the environment – both of which need to be protected for the sake of current and future generations. Accordingly, this book examines and analyzes typical and atypical corrosion failure cases and their prevention at refineries and petrochemical facilities, including problems with: pipelines, tanks, furnaces, distillation columns, absorbers, heat exchangers, and pumps. In addition, it describes naphthenic acid corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, hydrogen damages, sulfidic corrosion, microbiologically induced corrosion, erosion-corrosion, and corrosion fatigue occurring at refinery units. At last, fouling, corrosion and cleaning are discussed in this book.

Processing of Heavy Crude Oils

Processing of Heavy Crude Oils Book
Author : Ramasamy Marappa Gounder
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-12-18
ISBN : 1839684097
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Processing of Heavy Crude Oils book written by Ramasamy Marappa Gounder, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry Second Edition

Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry  Second Edition Book
Author : Malcolm A. Kelland
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-03-13
ISBN : 143987381X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Production chemistry issues result from changes in well stream fluids, both liquid and gaseous, during processing. Since crude oil production is characterized by variable production rates and unpredictable changes to the nature of the produced fluids, it is essential for production chemists to have a range of chemical additives available for rectifying issues that would not otherwise be fully resolved. Modern production methods, the need to upgrade crude oils of variable quality, and environmental constraints demand chemical solutions. Thus, oilfield production chemicals are necessary to overcome or minimize the effects of the production chemistry problems. Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry, Second Edition discusses a wide variety of production chemicals used by the oil and gas industry for down-hole and topside applications both onshore and offshore. Incorporating the large amount of research and applications since the first edition, this new edition reviews all past and present classes of production chemicals, providing numerous difficult-to-obtain references, especially SPE papers and patents. Unlike other texts that focus on how products perform in the field, this book focuses on the specific structures of chemicals that are known to deliver the required or desired performance—information that is very useful for research and development. Each updated chapter begins by introducing a problem, such as scale or corrosion, for which there is a production chemical. The author then briefly discusses all chemical and nonchemical methods to treat the problem and provides in-depth descriptions of the structural classes of relevant production chemicals. He also mentions, when available, the environmental properties of chemicals and whether the chemical or technique has been successfully used in the field. This edition includes two new chapters and nearly 50 percent more references.

Oil in the Sea III

Oil in the Sea III Book
Author : National Research Council,Transportation Research Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Marine Board,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on Oil in the Sea: Inputs, Fates, and Effects
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2003-03-14
ISBN : 0309084385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the early 1970s, experts have recognized that petroleum pollutants were being discharged in marine waters worldwide, from oil spills, vessel operations, and land-based sources. Public attention to oil spills has forced improvements. Still, a considerable amount of oil is discharged yearly into sensitive coastal environments. Oil in the Sea provides the best available estimate of oil pollutant discharge into marine waters, including an evaluation of the methods for assessing petroleum load and a discussion about the concerns these loads represent. Featuring close-up looks at the Exxon Valdez spill and other notable events, the book identifies important research questions and makes recommendations for better analysis ofâ€"and more effective measures againstâ€"pollutant discharge. The book discusses: Inputâ€"where the discharges come from, including the role of two-stroke engines used on recreational craft. Behavior or fateâ€"how oil is affected by processes such as evaporation as it moves through the marine environment. Effectsâ€"what we know about the effects of petroleum hydrocarbons on marine organisms and ecosystems. Providing a needed update on a problem of international importance, this book will be of interest to energy policy makers, industry officials and managers, engineers and researchers, and advocates for the marine environment.

Energy Management and Efficiency for the Process Industries

Energy Management and Efficiency for the Process Industries Book
Author : Alan P. Rossiter,Beth P. Jones
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-03-25
ISBN : 111903339X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides a unique overview of energy management for the process industries Provides an overall approach to energy management and places the technical issues that drive energy efficiency in context Combines the perspectives of freewheeling consultants and corporate insiders In two sections, the book provides the organizational framework (Section 1) within which the technical aspects of energy management, described in Section 2, can be most effectively executed Includes success stories from three very different companies that have achieved excellence in their energy management efforts Covers energy management, including the role of the energy manager, designing and implementing energy management programs, energy benchmarking, reporting, and energy management systems Technical topics cover efficiency improvement opportunities in a wide range of utility systems and process equipment types, as well as techniques to improve process design and operation

High Acid Crudes

High Acid Crudes Book
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2014-04-30
ISBN : 0128006749
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High Acid Crudes quickly gets the refinery manager and all other relative personnel up to date on this particular type of feedstock by providing an overview and relevant details of the identification of high acid crudes and their influence on the refinery’s process units, especially regarding corrosion potential. Covering the types, effects on the various refining units, and proper acid stripping techniques, High Acid Crudes effectively trains refinery personnel with a quick reference guide for day-to-day use in today’s refineries. Due to their discounted value but potential for higher production rates, refineries are accepting more of high acidic crude feedstocks, otherwise referred to as “opportunity or “challenging crude oils. Refining of these resources is still increasing due to high oil prices, with China dominating this market and doubling their production of high acid crudes by 2015. Processing these resources can significantly increase any refinery’s productivity, but knowledge and proper training for the refinery manager and crude supplier is key to reducing the risk that is commonly associated with high acid feedstocks, while still maintaining clean production standards. Provides an overview of the identification of high acid crudes and their influence on the refinery’s process units Covers the types of high acid crudes, effects on the various refining units, and proper acid stripping techniques Trains refinery personnel as a quick reference guide for day-to-day use for today’s refinery

Process Heat Transfer

Process Heat Transfer Book
Author : Robert W. Serth,Thomas Lestina
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-01-27
ISBN : 0123977924
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Process Heat Transfer is a reference on the design and implementation of industrial heat exchangers. It provides the background needed to understand and master the commercial software packages used by professional engineers in the design and analysis of heat exchangers. This book focuses on types of heat exchangers most widely used by industry: shell-and-tube exchangers (including condensers, reboilers and vaporizers), air-cooled heat exchangers and double-pipe (hairpin) exchangers. It provides a substantial introduction to the design of heat exchanger networks using pinch technology, the most efficient strategy used to achieve optimal recovery of heat in industrial processes. Utilizes leading commercial software. Get expert HTRI Xchanger Suite guidance, tips and tricks previously available via high cost professional training sessions. Details the development of initial configuration for a heat exchanger and how to systematically modify it to obtain an efficient final design. Abundant case studies and rules of thumb, along with copious software examples, provide a complete library of reference designs and heuristics for readers to base their own designs on.

Refinery Feedstocks

Refinery Feedstocks Book
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-10-21
ISBN : 0429675658
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the last several decades, the petroleum industry has experienced significant changes in resource availability, petro-politics, and technological advancements dictated by the changing quality of refinery feedstocks. However, the dependence on fossil fuels as the primary energy source has remained unchanged. Refinery Feedstocks addresses the problems of changing feedstock availability and properties; the refining process; and solids deposition during refining. This book will take the reader through the various steps that are necessary for crude oil evaluation and refining including the potential for the use of coal liquids, shale oil, and non-fossil fuel materials (biomass) as refinery feedstocks. Other features: Describes the various types of crude oil and includes a discussion of extra heavy oil and tar sand bitumen Includes basic properties and specifications of crude oil and the significance in refinery operations This book is a handy reference for engineers, scientists, and students who want an update on crude oil refining and on the direction the industry must take to assure the refinability of various feedstocks and the efficiency of the refining processes in the next fifty years. Non-technical readers, with help from the extensive glossary, will also benefit from reading this book.

Process Chemistry of Petroleum Macromolecules

Process Chemistry of Petroleum Macromolecules Book
Author : Irwin A. Wiehe
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-06-20
ISBN : 1420018337
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although there is a shortage of light petroleum, there is plenty of heavy petroleum rich in macromolecules available, creating an increasing interest for processes that can convert heavy oils to light oils. Process Chemistry of Petroleum Macromolecules provides the scientific basis for such processes, presenting methods to determine improvement potential. Topics include characterization, thermal kinetics, phase behavior, and separation. Revealing that the science of petroleum macromolecules is simpler and more exciting than imagined, it also discusses macromolecules that self-associate, liquid crystalline phases, reactions triggered by phase separation, and both dispersed and dissolved solutes.

Bioinspired Optimization Methods and Their Applications

Bioinspired Optimization Methods and Their Applications Book
Author : Peter Korošec,Nouredine Melab,El-Ghazali Talbi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-05-11
ISBN : 3319916416
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed revised selected papers of the 10th International Conference on Bioinspired Optimization Models and Their Applications, BIOMA 2018, held in Paris, France, in May 2018. The 27 revised full papers were selected from 53 submissions and present papers in all aspects of bioinspired optimization research such as new algorithmic developments, high-impact applications, new research challenges, theoretical contributions, implementation issues, and experimental studies.

Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industry

Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industry Book
Author : Viswanathan S. Saji,Saviour A. Umoren
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-04-13
ISBN : 352734618X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides comprehensive coverage of corrosion inhibitors in the oil and gas industries Considering the high importance of corrosion inhibitor development for the oil and gas sectors, this book provides a thorough overview of the most recent advancements in this field. It systematically addresses corrosion inhibitors for various applications in the oil and gas value chain, as well as the fundamentals of corrosion inhibition and interference of inhibitors with co-additives. Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industries is presented in three parts. The first part on Fundamentals and Approaches focuses on principles and processes in the oil and gas industry, the types of corrosion encountered and their control methods, environmental factors affecting inhibition, material selection strategies, and economic aspects of corrosion. The second part on Choice of Inhibitors examines corrosion inhibitors for acidizing processes, inhibitors for sweet and sour corrosion, inhibitors in refinery operations, high-temperature corrosion inhibitors, inhibitors for challenging corrosive environments, inhibitors for microbiologically influenced corrosion, polymeric inhibitors, vapor phase inhibitors, and smart controlled release inhibitor systems. The last part on Interaction with Co-additives looks at industrial co-additives and their interference with corrosion inhibitors such as antiscalants, hydrate inhibitors, and sulfide scavengers. -Presents a well-structured and systematic overview of the fundamentals and factors affecting corrosion -Acts as a handy reference tool for scientists and engineers working with corrosion inhibitors for the oil and gas industries -Collectively presents all the information available on the development and application of corrosion inhibitors for the oil and gas industries -Offers a unique and specific focus on the oil and gas industries Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industries is an excellent resource for scientists in industry as well as in academia working in the field of corrosion protection for the oil and gas sectors, and will appeal to materials scientists, electrochemists, chemists, and chemical engineers.

Flow Assurance

Flow Assurance Book
Author : Qiwei Wang
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2022-06-24
ISBN : 0128232587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Petroleum engineers search through endless sources to understand oil and gas chemicals, find problems, and discover solutions while operations are becoming more unconventional and driving towards more sustainable practices.?The Oil and Gas Chemistry Management Series?brings an all-inclusive suite of tools to cover all the sectors of oil and gas chemicals from drilling to production, processing, storage, and transportation. The?second?reference in?the series,?Flow Assurance,?delivers the critical chemical oilfield basics while also covering latest research developments and practical solutions. Organized by the type of problems and mitigation methods, this reference allows the engineer to fully understand how to effectively control chemistry issues, make sound decisions, and mitigate challenges ahead. Basics include?root cause, model prediction and laboratory simulation of the major chemistry related challenges during oil and gas productions, while more advanced discussions cover?the chemical and non-chemical mitigation strategies for more efficient, safe and sustainable operations. Supported by a list of contributing experts from both academia and industry,?Flow Assurance?brings a necessary reference to bridge petroleum chemistry operations from theory into safer and cost-effective practical applications.? Offers?full?range of oilfield production chemistry issues, including chapters focused on?hydrate and organic deposition control, liquid blockage mitigation, and abiotic and microbially influenced corrosion prevention Gain effective control?on?problems and mitigation strategies from industry list of experts and contributors? Delivers both up to date research developments and practical applications, bridging between theory and practice

Modeling Simulation and Optimization

Modeling  Simulation and Optimization Book
Author : Biplab Das,Ripon Patgiri,Sivaji Bandyopadhyay,Valentina Emilia Balas
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-17
ISBN : 9811598290
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book includes selected peer-reviewed papers presented at the International Conference on Modeling, Simulation and Optimization, organized by National Institute of Technology, Silchar, Assam, India, during 3–5 August 2020. The book covers topics of modeling, simulation and optimization, including computational modeling and simulation, system modeling and simulation, device/VLSI modeling and simulation, control theory and applications, modeling and simulation of energy system and optimization. The book disseminates various models of diverse systems and includes solutions of emerging challenges of diverse scientific fields.

Experiments Modelling and Validation of Crude Oil Fouling on Large Scale Rig

Experiments  Modelling and Validation of Crude Oil Fouling on Large Scale Rig Book
Author : Zulhafiz Bin Tajudin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Experiments Modelling and Validation of Crude Oil Fouling on Large Scale Rig book written by Zulhafiz Bin Tajudin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Asphaltenes Heavy Oils and Petroleomics

Asphaltenes  Heavy Oils  and Petroleomics Book
Author : Oliver C. Mullins,Eric Y. Sheu,Ahmed Hammami,Alan G. Marshall
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-11-08
ISBN : 0387689036
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With substantial contributions from experienced industrial scientists and engineers, this work will have real application towards improving process efficiency and improvement in the trillion-dollar global petroleum industry. It presents an overview of the emerging field of petroleomics, which endeavors to understand the fundamental components of crude oil. Petroleomics promises to revolutionize petroleum science in much the same way that genomics transformed the study of medicine not long ago. Asphaltenes are a particular focus, with many chapters devoted to the analysis of their structure and properties.