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Critical Excitation Methods In Earthquake Engineering

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Critical Excitation Methods in Earthquake Engineering

Critical Excitation Methods in Earthquake Engineering Book
Author : Izuru Takewaki
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2013-06-03
ISBN : 0080994296
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

After the March 11, 2011, earthquake in Japan, there is overwhelming interest in worst-case analysis, including the critical excitation method. Nowadays, seismic design of structures performed by any seismic code is based on resisting previous natural earthquakes. Critical Excitation Methods in Earthquake Engineering, 2e, develops a new framework for modeling design earthquake loads for inelastic structures. The 2e, includes three new chapters covering the critical excitation problem for multi-component input ground motions, and that for elastic-plastic structures in a more direct way are incorporated and discussed in more depth. Finally, the problem of earthquake resilience of super high-rise buildings is discussed from broader viewpoints. Solves problems of earthquake resilience of super high-rise buildings Three new chapters on critical excitation problem for multi-component input ground motions Includes numerical examples of one and two-story models

Improving the Earthquake Resilience of Buildings

Improving the Earthquake Resilience of Buildings Book
Author : Izuru Takewaki,Abbas Moustafa,Kohei Fujita
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-07-26
ISBN : 144714144X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineers are always interested in the worst-case scenario. One of the most important and challenging missions of structural engineers may be to narrow the range of unexpected incidents in building structural design. Redundancy, robustness and resilience play an important role in such circumstances. Improving the Earthquake Resilience of Buildings: The worst case approach discusses the importance of worst-scenario approach for improved earthquake resilience of buildings and nuclear reactor facilities. Improving the Earthquake Resilience of Buildings: The worst case approach consists of two parts. The first part deals with the characterization and modeling of worst or critical ground motions on inelastic structures and the related worst-case scenario in the structural design of ordinary simple building structures. The second part of the book focuses on investigating the worst-case scenario for passively controlled and base-isolated buildings. This allows for detailed consideration of a range of topics including: A consideration of damage of building structures in the critical excitation method for improved building-earthquake resilience, A consideration of uncertainties of structural parameters in structural control and base-isolation for improved building-earthquake resilience, and New insights in structural design of super high-rise buildings under long-period ground motions. Improving the Earthquake Resilience of Buildings: The worst case approach is a valuable resource for researchers and engineers interested in learning and applying the worst-case scenario approach in the seismic-resistant design for more resilient structures.

Design Optimization of Active and Passive Structural Control Systems

Design Optimization of Active and Passive Structural Control Systems Book
Author : Lagaros, Nikos D.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2012-08-31
ISBN : 1466620307
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A typical engineering task during the development of any system is, among others, to improve its performance in terms of cost and response. Improvements can be achieved either by simply using design rules based on the experience or in an automated way by using optimization methods that lead to optimum designs. Design Optimization of Active and Passive Structural Control Systems includes Earthquake Engineering and Tuned Mass Damper research topics into a volume taking advantage of the connecting link between them, which is optimization. This is a publication addressing the design optimization of active and passive control systems. This title is perfect for engineers, professionals, professors, and students alike, providing cutting edge research and applications.

Modern Earthquake Engineering

Modern Earthquake Engineering Book
Author : Junbo Jia
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-01
ISBN : 3642318541
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses applications of earthquake engineering for both offshore and land-based structures. It is self-contained as a reference work and covers a wide range of topics, including topics related to engineering seismology, geotechnical earthquake engineering, structural engineering, as well as special contents dedicated to design philosophy, determination of ground motions, shock waves, tsunamis, earthquake damage, seismic response of offshore and arctic structures, spatial varied ground motions, simplified and advanced seismic analysis methods, sudden subsidence of offshore platforms, tank liquid impacts during earthquakes, seismic resistance of non-structural elements, and various types of mitigation measures, etc. The target readership includes professionals in offshore and civil engineering, officials and regulators, as well as researchers and students in this field.

Structural Seismic Design Optimization and Earthquake Engineering Formulations and Applications

Structural Seismic Design Optimization and Earthquake Engineering  Formulations and Applications Book
Author : Plevris, Vagelis
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2012-05-31
ISBN : 1466616415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Throughout the past few years, there has been extensive research done on structural design in terms of optimization methods or problem formulation. But, much of this attention has been on the linear elastic structural behavior, under static loading condition. Such a focus has left researchers scratching their heads as it has led to vulnerable structural configurations. What researchers have left out of the equation is the element of seismic loading. It is essential for researchers to take this into account in order to develop earthquake resistant real-world structures. Structural Seismic Design Optimization and Earthquake Engineering: Formulations and Applications focuses on the research around earthquake engineering, in particular, the field of implementation of optimization algorithms in earthquake engineering problems. Topics discussed within this book include, but are not limited to, simulation issues for the accurate prediction of the seismic response of structures, design optimization procedures, soft computing applications, and other important advancements in seismic analysis and design where optimization algorithms can be implemented. Readers will discover that this book provides relevant theoretical frameworks in order to enhance their learning on earthquake engineering as it deals with the latest research findings and their practical implementations, as well as new formulations and solutions.

Building Control with Passive Dampers

Building Control with Passive Dampers Book
Author : Izuru Takewaki
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-11-23
ISBN : 0470824913
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The recent introduction of active and passive structural control methods has given structural designers powerful tools for performance-based design. However, structural engineers often lack the tools for the optimal selection and placement of such systems. In Building Control with Passive Dampers , Takewaki brings together most the reliable, state-of-the-art methods in practice around the world, arming readers with a real sense of how to address optimal selection and placement of passive control systems. The first book on optimal design, sizing, and location selection of passive dampers Combines theory and practical applications Describes step-by-step how to obtain optimal damper size and placement Covers the state-of-the-art in optimal design of passive control Integrates the most reliable techniques in the top literature and used in practice worldwide Written by a recognized expert in the area MATLAB code examples available from the book’s Companion Website This book is essential for post-graduate students, researchers, and design consultants involved in building control. Professional engineers and advanced undergraduates interested in seismic design, as well as mechanical engineers looking for vibration damping techniques, will also find this book a helpful reference. Code examples available at www.wiley.com/go/takewaki

Structural Design Optimization Considering Uncertainties

Structural Design Optimization Considering Uncertainties Book
Author : Yannis Tsompanakis,Nikos D. Lagaros,Manolis Papadrakakis
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-02-07
ISBN : 0203938526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Uncertainties play a dominant role in the design and optimization of structures and infrastructures. In optimum design of structural systems due to variations of the material, manufacturing variations, variations of the external loads and modelling uncertainty, the parameters of a structure, a structural system and its environment are not given, fi

An Impulse and Earthquake Energy Balance Approach in Nonlinear Structural Dynamics

An Impulse and Earthquake Energy Balance Approach in Nonlinear Structural Dynamics Book
Author : Izuru Takewaki,Kotaro Kojima
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-03-16
ISBN : 1000365468
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Problems in nonlinear structural dynamics and critical excitation with elastic-plastic structures are typically addressed using time-history response analysis, which requires multiple repetitions and advanced computing. This alternative approach transforms ground motion into impulses and takes an energy balance approach. This book is accessible to undergraduates, being based on the energy balance law and the concepts of kinetic and strain energies, and it can be used by practitioners for building and structural design. This presentation starts with simple models that explain the essential features and extends in a step-by-step manner to more complicated models and phenomena.

Seismic Performance of Soil Foundation Structure Systems

Seismic Performance of Soil Foundation Structure Systems Book
Author : Nawawi Chouw,Rolando P. Orense,Tam Larkin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-08-25
ISBN : 1351665685
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seismic Performance of Soil-Foundation-Structure Systems presents invited papers presented at the international workshop (University of Auckland, New Zealand, 21-22 November 2016). This international workshop brought together outstanding work in earthquake engineering that embraces a holistic consideration of soilfoundation-structure systems. For example, the diversity of papers in this volume is represented by contributions from the fields of shallow foundation in liquefiable soil, spatially distributed lifelines, bridges, clustered structures (see photo on front cover), sea floor seismic motion, multi-axial ground excitation, deep foundations, soil-foundation-structurefluid interaction, liquefaction-induced settlement and uplift with SFSI. A fundamental knowledge gap is manifested by the isolated manner geotechnical and structural engineers work. A holistic consideration of soil-foundation-structures systems is only possible if civil engineers work collaboratively to the mutual benefit of all disciplines. Another gap occurs by the retarded application of up-to-date research findings in engineering design practices. Seismic Performance of Soil-Foundation-Structure Systems is the outcome from the recognized need to close this gap, since it has been observed that a considerable delay exists between published research findings and application of the principles revealed by the research. Seismic Performance of Soil-Foundation-Structure Systems will be helpful in developing more understanding of the complex nature of responses these systems present under strong earthquakes, and will assist engineers in closing the gaps identified above.

Resilient Structures and Infrastructure

Resilient Structures and Infrastructure Book
Author : Ehsan Noroozinejad Farsangi,Izuru Takewaki,Tony Y. Yang,Abolhassan Astaneh-Asl,Paolo Gardoni
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-03
ISBN : 9811374465
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses resilience in terms of structures’ and infrastructures’ responses to extreme loading conditions. These include static and dynamic loads such as those generated by blasts, terrorist attacks, seismic events, impact loadings, progressive collapse, floods and wind. In the last decade, the concept of resilience and resilient-based structures has increasingly gained in interest among engineers and scientists. Resilience describes a given structure’s ability to withstand sudden shocks. In other words, it can be measured by the magnitude of shock that a system can tolerate. This book offers a valuable resource for the development of new engineering practices, codes and regulations, public policy, and investigation reports on resilience, and provides broad and integrated coverage of the effects of dynamic loadings, and of the modeling techniques used to compute the structural response to these loadings.

Optimization and Anti optimization of Structures Under Uncertainty

Optimization and Anti optimization of Structures Under Uncertainty Book
Author : Isaac Elishakoff,Makoto Ohsaki
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1848164785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The volume presents a collaboration between internationally recognized experts on anti-optimization and structural optimization, and summarizes various novel ideas, methodologies and results studied over 20 years. The book vividly demonstrates how the concept of uncertainty should be incorporated in a rigorous manner during the process of designing real-world structures. The necessity of anti-optimization approach is first demonstrated, then the anti-optimization techniques are applied to static, dynamic and buckling problems, thus covering the broadest possible set of applications. Finally, anti-optimization is fully utilized by a combination of structural optimization to produce the optimal design considering the worst-case scenario. This is currently the only book that covers the combination of optimization and anti-optimization. It shows how various optimization techniques are used in the novel anti-optimization technique, and how the structural optimization can be exponentially enhanced by incorporating the concept of worst-case scenario, thereby increasing the safety of the structures designed in various fields of engineering.

Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics in Memory of Ragnar Sigbj rnsson

Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics in Memory of Ragnar Sigbj  rnsson Book
Author : Rajesh Rupakhety,Símon Ólafsson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-07
ISBN : 3319620991
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents methods and results that cover and extend beyond the state-of-the-art in structural dynamics and earthquake engineering. Most of the chapters are based on the keynote lectures at the International Conference in Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics (ICESD), held in Reykjavik, Iceland, on June 12-14, 2017. The conference is being organised in memory of late Professor Ragnar Sigbjörnsson, who was an influential teacher and one of the leading researchers in the fields of structural mechanics, random fields, engineering seismology and earthquake engineering. Professor Sigbjörnsson had a close research collaboration with the Norwegian Institute of Science and Technology (NTNU), where his research was mainly focused in dynamics of marine and offshore structures. His research in Iceland was mainly focused on engineering seismology and earthquake engineering. The keynote-lecture based chapters are contributed by leading experts in these fields of research and showcase not only the historical perspective but also the most recent developments as well as a glimpse into the future. These chapters showcase a synergy of the fields of structural dynamics, engineering seismology, and earthquake engineering. In addition, some chapters in the book are based on works carried out under the leadership and initiative of Professor Sigbjörnsson and showcase his contribution to the understanding of seismic hazard and risk in Iceland. As such, the book is useful for both researchers and practicing engineers who are interested in recent research advances in structural dynamics and earthquake engineering, and in particular to those interested in seismic hazard and risk in Iceland.

Damping Technologies for Tall Buildings

Damping Technologies for Tall Buildings Book
Author : Alberto Lago,Dario Trabucco,Antony Wood
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2018-09-25
ISBN : 0128159642
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Damping Technologies for Tall Buildings provides practical advice on the selection, design, installation and testing of damping systems. Richly illustrated with images and schematics, this book presents expert commentary on different damping systems, giving readers a way to accurately compare between different device categories and gain and understand the advantages and disadvantages of each. In addition, the book covers their economical and sustainability implications. Case studies are included to provide a direct understanding on the possible applications of each device category. Provides an expert guide on the selection and deployment of the various types of damping technologies Drawn from extensive contributions from international experts and research projects that represent the current state-of-the-art and design in damping technologies Includes 25+ real case studies collected with very detailed information on damping design, installation, testing and other building implications

Seismic Performance of Asymmetric Building Structures

Seismic Performance of Asymmetric Building Structures Book
Author : Chunwei Zhang,Zeshan Alam,Li Sun,Bijan Samali
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-05-07
ISBN : 1000043096
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seismic Performance of Asymmetric Building Structures presents detailed investigations on the effective assessment of structural seismic response under excessive torsional vibrations, demonstrating behavioural aspects from local response perspective to global seismic demands. The work provides comprehensive analytical, computational, experimental investigations, and proposes improved design guidelines that structural engineers can utilize to enhance the seismic design of asymmetric building structures. Combining extensive experimental and numerical data stock for seismic performance assessment with a particular focus on asymmetric building structures, the book includes: • An overview of asymmetric building structures from seismic damage perspective • Local and global performance assessment of asymmetric structures under extreme seismic actions • Post-earthquake damage evaluation from varying frequency trends • Extended numerical applications for experimental response validations • Evaluation of critical regions of asymmetric structure with stress concentration • Statistical distribution of seismic response under varying design parameters • Design guidelines for asymmetric building structures This work's comprehensive evaluations are carried out with modern sensing techniques planned with meticulous attention to cover objectives with a particular focus on asymmetry in reinforced concrete and steel structures. It assesses various aspects of asymmetric building structures that are rarely dealt with in the current literature. It gathers fruitful information from various building design codes and explains their limitations in addressing damage-related challenges, which is not only useful for practicing engineers but also for academics. The book will be invaluable for experts, researchers, students and practitioners from relevant areas, as well as for emergency preparedness managers.

Critical Earthquake Response of Elastic Plastic Structures Under Near Fault or Long Duration Ground Motions Closed Form Approach via Impulse Input

Critical Earthquake Response of Elastic Plastic Structures Under Near Fault or Long Duration Ground Motions  Closed Form Approach via Impulse Input Book
Author : Izuru Takewaki
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-12-22
ISBN : 2889197425
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The specialty section Earthquake Engineering is one branch of Frontiers in Built Environment and welcomes critical and in-depth submissions on earthquake ground motions and their effects on buildings and infrastructures. Manuscripts should yield new insights and ultimately contribute to a safer and more reliable design of building structures and infrastructures. The scope includes the characterization of earthquake ground motions (e.g. near-fault, far-fault, short-period, long-period), their underlying properties, their intrinsic relationship with structural responses, and the true behaviors of building structures and infrastructures under risky and uncertain ground motions. More specific topics include recorded ground motions, generated ground motions, response spectra, stochastic modeling of ground motion, critical excitation, geotechnical aspects, soil mechanics, soil liquefaction, soil-structure interactions, pile foundations, earthquake input energy, structural control, passive control, active control, base-isolation, steel structures, reinforced concrete structures, wood structures, building retrofit, structural optimization, uncertainty analysis, robustness analysis, and redundancy analysis. This eBook includes four original research papers, in addition to the Specialty Grand Challenge article, on the critical earthquake response of elastic-plastic structures under near-fault or long-duration ground motions which were published in the specialty section Earthquake Engineering. In the early stage of dynamic nonlinear response analysis of structures around 1960s, a simple hysteretic structural model and a simple sinusoidal earthquake ground motion input were dealt with together with random inputs. The steady-state response was tackled by an equivalent linearization method developed by Caughey, Iwan and others. In fact, the resonance plays a key role in the earthquake-resistant design and it has a strong effect even in case of near-fault ground motions. In order to draw the steady-state response curve and investigate the resonant property, two kinds of repetition have to be introduced. One is a cycle, for one forced input frequency, of the initial guess of the steady-state response amplitude, the construction of the equivalent linear model, the analysis of the steady-state response amplitude using the equivalent linear model and the update of the equivalent linear model based on the computed steady-state response amplitude. The other is the sweeping over a range of forced input frequencies. This process is quite tedious. Four original research papers included in this eBook propose a new approach to overcome this difficulty. Kojima and Takewaki demonstrated that the elastic-plastic response as continuation of free-vibrations under impulse input can be derived in a closed form by a sophisticated energy approach without solving directly the equations of motion as differential equations. While, as pointed out above, the approach based on the equivalent linearization method requires the repetition of application of the linearized equations, the method by Kojima and Takewaki does not need any repetition. The double impulse, triple impulse and multiple impulses enable us to describe directly the critical timing of impulses (resonant frequency) which is not easy for the sinusoidal and other inputs without a repetitive procedure. It is important to note that, while most of the previous methods employ the equivalent linearization of the structural model with the input unchanged, the method treated in this eBook transforms the input into a series of impulses with the structural model unchanged. This characteristic guarantees high accuracy and reliability even in the large plastic deformation range. The approach presented in this eBook is an epoch-making accomplishment to open the door for simpler and deeper understanding of structural reliability of built environments in the elastic-plastic range

Metaheuristic Applications in Structures and Infrastructures

Metaheuristic Applications in Structures and Infrastructures Book
Author : Izuru Takewaki,Kohei Fujita
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-01-31
ISBN : 0128066350
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Metaheuristic Applications in Structures and Infrastructures book written by Izuru Takewaki,Kohei Fujita, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Critical Earthquake Response of Elastic Plastic Structures and Rigid Blocks under Near Fault Ground Motions Closed Form Approach via Double Impulse

Critical Earthquake Response of Elastic Plastic Structures and Rigid Blocks under Near Fault Ground Motions  Closed Form Approach via Double Impulse Book
Author : Izuru Takewaki
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-05-26
ISBN : 2889198707
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This eBook is the second in a series of books on the critical earthquake response of elastic-plastic structures or rigid blocks under near-fault ground motions, and includes four original research papers which were published in the specialty section Earthquake Engineering in ‘Frontiers in Built Environment’. Several extensions of the first book1 are included here. The first article is on the soil-structure interaction problem. The reduction of an original soil-structure interaction model into a single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) model enables the application of the original theory for an SDOF model to such complicated soil-structure interaction model. The second article is concerned with the extension of the original theory for an SDOF model to a 2DOF model. Since the simple application of the original theory for an SDOF model to a multi-degree-of-freedom model is difficult due to out-of-phase phenomenon of multiple masses, a convex model theory is introduced and an upper bound of elastic-plastic response is derived. The third article is related to the stability problem of structures (collapse problems of structures) in which the P-delta effect is included. It is shown that the original theory for an SDOF model with elastic-perfectly plastic restoring-force characteristic can be applied to a model with negative second slope. The fourth article is an application of the energy balance approach to an overturning limit problem of rigid blocks. A closed-form expression of the overturning limit of rigid blocks is derived for the first time after the Housner’s pioneering work in 1963. The approach presented in this book, together with the first book, is an epoch-making accomplishment to open the door for simpler and deeper understanding of structural reliability of built environments in the elastic-plastic and nonlinear range.

Performance of Innovative Controlled Buildings Under Resonant and Critical Earthquake Ground Motions

Performance of Innovative Controlled Buildings Under Resonant and Critical Earthquake Ground Motions Book
Author : Izuru Takewaki
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-11-23
ISBN : 2889456366
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This eBook is the fourth in a series of books on the critical earthquake response of elastic or elastic-plastic structures under near-fault or long-duration ground motions, and includes six original research papers which were published in the specialty section Earthquake Engineering in ‘Frontiers in Built Environment’. Several extensions of the first eBook, the second eBook and the third eBook are included here. The first article is on the comparison of earthquake resilience of various building structures including innovative base-isolation systems and control systems. Pulse-type ground motions and resonant harmonic ground motions are used for investigating the earthquake resilience of those innovative building structures. The second article is concerned with the performance of an innovative seismic response controlled system with shear walls and concentrated dampers in lower stories. The resonant one-cycle sine waves and resonant harmonic waves are used as the input ground motions. The third article is related to the robustness evaluation of a base-isolation building-connection hybrid controlled building structure under the critical long-period and long-duration ground motion. The multi impulse is used as a substitute for a long-period and long-duration ground motion and the model reduction to a single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) system is conducted to propose a simple response evaluation method. The fourth article is an extension of the previously proposed energy balance approach to a damped bilinear hysteretic SDOF system under a double impulse as a substitute for a near-fault ground motion. The energy absorption through viscous damping is incorporated appropriately in the energy balance and the application of the proposed method to actual recorded ground motions is presented. The fifth article is on the robustness evaluation of base-isolation building-connection hybrid controlled building structures considering uncertainties in deep ground. The earthquake ground motion amplitude at the earthquake bedrock is evaluated by the Boore’s stochastic method in 1983 including the fault rupture and the wave propagation into the earthquake bedrock. Then the phase angle property at the earthquake bedrock is investigated by introducing the concept of phase difference which is defined for each earthquake type. A wave at the ground surface nearly resonant to the base-isolation building-connection hybrid controlled building structure is produced by considering uncertainties in deep ground. The sixth article is concerned with the critical response of nonlinear base-isolated buildings considering soil-structure interaction under a double impulse as a substitute for a near-fault ground motion. The complicated model of a nonlinear base-isolated building on ground is modeled into an SDOF system after a few model reduction processes. The approach presented in this eBook, together with the previous eBooks, is an epoch-making accomplishment to open the door for simpler and deeper understanding of structural reliability and resilience of built environments in the elastic-plastic and nonlinear range.

Recent Advances in Structural Engineering

Recent Advances in Structural Engineering Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Universities Press
Release : 2005-02
ISBN : 9788173714931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains state-of-the-art review articles on specific research areas in the civil engineering discipline-the areas include geotechnical engineering, hydraulics and water resources engineering, and structural engineering. The articles are written by invited authors who are currently active at the international level in their respective research fields.

System Identification for Structural Health Monitoring

System Identification for Structural Health Monitoring Book
Author : Izuru Takewaki,M. Nakamura,Mitsuru Nakamura,Shinta Yoshitomi
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1845646282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

System identification (SI) techniques are important in reducing gaps between the constructed structural systems and their structural design models and in health monitoring for damage detection. Modal-parameter SI and physical-parameter SI are two major branches in SI.Special character of this book: (1) The physical-parameter SI method explained in this book requires only two accelerometers for measurement of records. Furthermore only a simple manipulation of Fourier transformation is required.(2) The stiffness and damping can be identified simultaneously.(3) The modal parameter SI can supplement or support the result by the physical-parameter SI method.(4) In place of usual low-pass or high-pass filter techniques, a novel noise-bias compensation method is explained. Because the noise itself is not known in many cases, the identification and elimination of noise is a tough problem.(5) A new technique of system identification is explained in the case where an inner vibration source exists.(6) The accuracy of the explained SI methods is examined by the actual recorded data.(7) MATLAB codes are available.This book is intended for Structural Engineers, Mechanical Engineers, Researchers, Graduate and undergraduate students.