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CRISPR and RNAi Systems

CRISPR and RNAi Systems Book
Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam,Ki-Taek Lim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-27
ISBN : 0128219114
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plants are vulnerable to pathogens including fungi, bacteria, and viruses, which cause critical problems and deficits. Crop protection by plant breeding delivers a promising solution with no obvious effect on human health or the local ecosystem. Crop improvement has been the most powerful approach for producing unique crop cultivars since domestication occurred, making possible the main innovations in feeding the globe and community development. Genome editing is one of the genetic devices that can be implemented, and disease resistance is frequently cited as the most encouraging application of CRISPR/Cas9 technology in agriculture. Nanobiotechnology has harnessed the power of genome editing to develop agricultural crops. Nanosized DNA or RNA nanotechnology approaches could contribute to raising the stability and performance of CRISPR guide RNAs. This book brings together the latest research in these areas. CRISPR and RNAi Systems: Nanobiotechnology Approaches to Plant Breeding and Protection presents a complete understanding of the RNAi and CRISPR/Cas9 techniques for controlling mycotoxins, fighting plant nematodes, and detecting plant pathogens. CRISPR/Cas genome editing enables efficient targeted modification in most crops, thus promising to accelerate crop improvement. CRISPR/Cas9 can be used for management of plant insects, and various plant pathogens. The book is an important reference source for both plant scientists and environmental scientists who want to understand how nano biotechnologically based approaches are being used to create more efficient plant protection and plant breeding systems. Shows how nanotechnology is being used as the basis for new solutions for more efficient plant breeding and plant protection Outlines the major techniques and applications of both CRISPR and RNAi technologies Assesses the major challenges of escalating these technologies on a mass scale

CRISPR and RNAi Systems

CRISPR and RNAi Systems Book
Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam,Ki-Taek Lim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-02
ISBN : 0128219106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plants are vulnerable to pathogens including fungi, bacteria, and viruses, which cause critical problems and deficits. Crop protection by plant breeding delivers a promising solution with no obvious effect on human health or the local ecosystem. Crop improvement has been the most powerful approach for producing unique crop cultivars since domestication occurred, making possible the main innovations in feeding the globe and community development. Genome editing is one of the genetic devices that can be implemented, and disease resistance is frequently cited as the most encouraging application of CRISPR/Cas9 technology in agriculture. Nanobiotechnology has harnessed the power of genome editing to develop agricultural crops. Nanosized DNA or RNA nanotechnology approaches could contribute to raising the stability and performance of CRISPR guide RNAs. This book brings together the latest research in these areas. CRISPR and RNAi Systems: Nanobiotechnology Approaches to Plant Breeding and Protection presents a complete understanding of the RNAi and CRISPR/Cas9 techniques for controlling mycotoxins, fighting plant nematodes, and detecting plant pathogens. CRISPR/Cas genome editing enables efficient targeted modification in most crops, thus promising to accelerate crop improvement. CRISPR/Cas9 can be used for management of plant insects, and various plant pathogens. The book is an important reference source for both plant scientists and environmental scientists who want to understand how nano biotechnologically based approaches are being used to create more efficient plant protection and plant breeding systems. Shows how nanotechnology is being used as the basis for new solutions for more efficient plant breeding and plant protection Outlines the major techniques and applications of both CRISPR and RNAi technologies Assesses the major challenges of escalating these technologies on a mass scale

RNA Interference and CRISPR Technologies

RNA Interference and CRISPR Technologies Book
Author : Mouldy Sioud
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9781071602904
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume explores the uses of RNAi and CRISPR interferences as a general method for inhibiting gene expression, with focus on their biological functions, design, chemical modifications, delivery, and preclinical/clinical applications. In addition to relevant backgrounds, the chapters in this book discuss simple and accurate protocols dealing with the latest advances in RNAi and CRISPR applications and look at how these methods differ from one another. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and cutting-edge, RNA Interference and CRISPR Technologies: Technical Advances and New Therapeutic Opportunities is a valuable resource for any scientist, teachers, graduate student, postdoc, and clinician interested in this field. This book also benefits anyone in research and development in biotech and pharmaceutical companies who want to understand more about these technologies, and their applications in biology and medicine. .

Modulating Gene Expression

Modulating Gene Expression Book
Author : Aditi Singh,Mohammad W. Khan
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-05-29
ISBN : 1838806962
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

RNA interference (RNAi) is a widely used technology for gene silencing and has become a key tool in a myriad of research and lead discoveries. In recent years, the mechanism of RNAi agents has been well investigated, and the technique has been optimized for better effectiveness and safety. On the other hand, the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-associated Cas9/gRNA system is a recent, novel, targeted genome-editing technique derived from the bacterial immune system. Recent advances in gene-editing research and technologies have enabled the CRISPR Cas9 system to become a popular tool for sequence-specific gene editing to correct and modify eukaryotic systems. In this book, we will focus on the mechanisms, applications, regulations (their pros and cons), and various ways in which RNAi-based methods and CRIPSR-Cas9 technology have stimulated the modulation of gene expression, thereby making them a promising therapeutic tool to treat and prevent complex diseases and disorders.

CRISPR Cas Systems

CRISPR Cas Systems Book
Author : Rodolphe Barrangou,John van der Oost
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-13
ISBN : 364234657X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

CRISPR/Cas is a recently described defense system that protects bacteria and archaea against invasion by mobile genetic elements such as viruses and plasmids. A wide spectrum of distinct CRISPR/Cas systems has been identified in at least half of the available prokaryotic genomes. On-going structural and functional analyses have resulted in a far greater insight into the functions and possible applications of these systems, although many secrets remain to be discovered. In this book, experts summarize the state of the art in this exciting field.

RNA Based Technologies for Functional Genomics in Plants

RNA Based Technologies for Functional Genomics in Plants Book
Author : Guiliang Tang,Sachin Teotia,Xiaoqing Tang,Deepali Singh
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-13
ISBN : 3030649946
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a unique and comprehensive overview of key RNA-based technologies, as well as their development and applications for the functional genomics of plant coding and non-coding genes. It focuses on the latest as well as classical RNA-based techniques used for studies on small RNAs, long non-coding RNAs and protein-coding genes. These techniques chiefly focus on target mimics (TMs) and short tandem target mimics (STTMs) for small RNAs, and artificial microRNAs (amiRNAs), RNA interference (RNAi) and CRISPR/Cas for genes. Furthermore, the book discusses the latest trends in the field and various modifications of the above-mentioned approaches, and explores how these RNA-based technologies have been developed, applied and validated as essential technologies in plant functional genomics. RNA-based technologies, their mechanisms of action, their advantages and disadvantages, and insights into the further development and applications of these technologies in plants are discussed. These techniques will enable the users to functionally characterize genes and small RNAs through silencing, overexpression and editing. Gathering contributions by globally respected experts, the book will appeal to students, teachers and scientists in academia and industry who are interested in horticulture, genetics, pathology, entomology, physiology, molecular genetics and breeding, in vitro culture & genetic engineering, and functional genomics.

RNAi Technology

RNAi Technology Book
Author : R. K. Gaur,Yedidya Gafni,P. Sharma,V. K. Gupta
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1439873259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

RNAi technology is used for large-scale screens that systematically shut down each gene in the cell, which can help identify the components necessary for a particular cellular process or an event such as cell division. Exploitation of the pathway is also a promising tool in biotechnology and medicine. Introducing new technology in the study of RNA

Diversity and Evolution of Butterfly Wing Patterns

Diversity and Evolution of Butterfly Wing Patterns Book
Author : Toshio Sekimura,H. Frederik Nijhout
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-29
ISBN : 9811049564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book facilitates an integrative understanding of the development, genetics and evolution of butterfly wing patterns. To develop a deep and realistic understanding of the diversity and evolution of butterfly wing patterns, it is essential and necessary to approach the problem from various kinds of key research fields such as “evo-devo,” “eco-devo,” ”developmental genetics,” “ecology and adaptation,” “food plants,” and “theoretical modeling.” The past decade-and-a-half has seen a veritable revolution in our understanding of the development, genetics and evolution of butterfly wing patterns. In addition, studies of how environmental and climatic factors affect the expression of color patterns has led to increasingly deeper understanding of the pervasiveness and underlying mechanisms of phenotypic plasticity. In recognition of the great progress in research on the biology, an international meeting titled “Integrative Approach to Understanding the Diversity of Butterfly Wing Patterns (IABP-2016)” was held at Chubu University, Japan in August 2016. This book consists of selected contributions from the meeting. Authors include main active researchers of new findings of corresponding genes as well as world leaders in both experimental and theoretical approaches to wing color patterns. The book provides excellent case studies for graduate and undergraduate classes in evolution, genetics/genomics, developmental biology, ecology, biochemistry, and also theoretical biology, opening the door to a new era in the integrative approach to the analysis of biological problems. This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.

Genome Editing and Engineering

Genome Editing and Engineering Book
Author : Krishnarao Appasani
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-08-23
ISBN : 1107170370
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A complete guide to endonuclease-based genomic engineering, from basic science to application in disease biology and clinical treatment.

Reprogramming the Genome Applications of CRISPR Cas in Non mammalian Systems Part B

Reprogramming the Genome  Applications of CRISPR Cas in Non mammalian Systems Part B Book
Author : Vijai Singh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-04-30
ISBN : 0323852971
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reprogramming the Genome: Applications of CRISPR-Cas in Non-mammalian Systems Part B, represents the collation of chapters written by eminent scientists worldwide. CRISPR-Cas9 system is an RNA-mediated immune system of bacteria and archaea that protects from bacteriophage infections. It is one of the revolutionized technologies to uplift biology to the next stages. It is a simple, rapid, precise, and cost-effective tool for genome editing and regulation of a wide range of organisms. It has gained scientific and public attention worldwide. This volume mainly covers insect cell line, protozoans, zebrafish, drosophila, CRISPRi, patents as well as technology transfer, and many more. This book is a key source of information available in a single volume. This book will be useful for not only beginners in genome engineering, but also students, researchers, scientists, policymakers, and stakeholders interested in harnessing the potential of reprogramming of the genomes in several areas. Offers basic understanding and a clear picture of genome editing CRISPR-Cas systems in different organisms Explains how to create an animal model for disease diagnosis/research and reprogram CRISPR for insect cell line, protozoans, zebrafish, drosophila, and many more Discusses the advances, patents, applications, challenges and opportunities in CRISPR-Cas9 systems in basic sciences, biomedicine, molecular biology and many more

Synthetic Genomics

Synthetic Genomics Book
Author : Miguel Fernández-Niño,Luis H. Reyes
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022
ISBN : 9781839696404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Synthetic Genomics book written by Miguel Fernández-Niño,Luis H. Reyes, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement Volume 2

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement  Volume 2 Book
Author : Satbir Singh Gosal,Shabir Hussain Wani
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-09
ISBN : 331990650X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past 15 years, cellular and molecular approaches have emerged as valuable adjuncts to supplement and complement conventional breeding methods for a wide variety of crop plants. Biotechnology increasingly plays a role in the creation, conservation, characterization and utilization of genetic variability for germplasm enhancement. For instance, anther/microspore culture, somaclonal variation, embryo culture and somatic hybridization are being exploited for obtaining incremental improvement in the existing cultivars. In addition, genes that confer insect- and disease-resistance, abiotic stress tolerance, herbicide tolerance and quality traits have been isolated and re-introduced into otherwise sensitive or susceptible species by a variety of transgenic techniques. Together these transformative methodologies grant access to a greater repertoire of genetic diversity as the gene(s) may come from viruses, bacteria, fungi, insects, animals, human beings, unrelated plants or even be artificially derived. Remarkable achievements have been made in the production, characterization, field evaluation and commercialization of transgenic crop varieties worldwide. Likewise, significant advances have been made towards increasing crop yields, improving nutritional quality, enabling crops to be raised under adverse conditions and developing resistance to pests and diseases for sustaining global food and nutritional security. The overarching purpose of this 3-volume work is to summarize the history of crop improvement from a technological perspective but to do so with a forward outlook on further advancement and adaptability to a changing world. Our carefully chosen “case studies of important plant crops” intend to serve a diverse spectrum of audience looking for the right tools to tackle complicated local and global issues.

Genome Editing in Neurosciences

Genome Editing in Neurosciences Book
Author : Rudolf Jaenisch,Feng Zhang,Fred Gage
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-10-08
ISBN : 9781013268564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Innovations in molecular biology are allowing neuroscientists to study the brain with unprecedented resolution, from the level of single molecules to integrated gene circuits. Chief among these innovations is the CRISPR-Cas genome editing technology, which has the precision and scalability to tackle the complexity of the brain. This Colloque Médecine et Recherche has brought together experts from around the world that are applying genome editing to address important challenges in neuroscience, including basic biology in model organisms that has the power to reveal systems-level insight into how the nervous system develops and functions as well as research focused on understanding and treating human neurological disorders. This work was published by Saint Philip Street Press pursuant to a Creative Commons license permitting commercial use. All rights not granted by the work's license are retained by the author or authors.

Conditional Mutagenesis An Approach to Disease Models

Conditional Mutagenesis  An Approach to Disease Models Book
Author : Robert Feil,Daniel Metzger
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-02-01
ISBN : 3540351094
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book, leading experts provide timely and comprehensive information on methods for conditional mutagenesis in the mouse and their application to model human physiology and pathophysiology. The book illustrates how sophisticated genetic manipulations of the mouse genome are employed to model human diseases and to identify underlying molecular mechanisms. In addition, it considers the development of new drugs to treat human diseases.

RNA Nanotechnology

RNA Nanotechnology Book
Author : Bin Wang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-04-02
ISBN : 9814411655
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past few decades there has been incredible growth in "bionano"-related research, which has been accompanied by numerous publications in this field. Although various compilations address topics related to deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and protein, there are few books that focus on determining the structure of ribonucleic acid (RNA) and using RNA as building blocks to construct nanoarchitectures for biomedical and healthcare applications. RNA Nanotechnology is a comprehensive volume that details both the traditional approaches and the latest developments in the field of RNA-related technology. This book targets a wide audience: a broad introduction provides a solid academic background for students, researchers, and scientists who are unfamiliar with the subject, while the in-depth descriptions and discussions are useful for advanced professionals. The book opens with reviews on the basic aspects of RNA biology, computational approaches for predicting RNA structures, and traditional and emerging experimental approaches for probing RNA structures. This section is followed by explorations of the latest research and discoveries in RNA nanotechnology, including the design and construction of RNA-based nanostructures. The final segment of the book includes descriptions and discussions of the potential biological and therapeutic applications of small RNA molecules, such as small/short interfering RNAs (siRNAs), microRNAs (miRNAs), RNA aptamers, and ribozymes.

Zinc Based Nanostructures for Environmental and Agricultural Applications

Zinc Based Nanostructures for Environmental and Agricultural Applications Book
Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-22
ISBN : 0128236566
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Zinc-Based Nanostructures for Environmental and Agricultural Applications shows how zinc nanostructures are being used in agriculture, food and the environment. The book has been divided into two parts: Part I deals with the synthesis and characterization of zinc-based nanostructures such as biogenic, plant, microbial, and actinobacteria mediated synthesis of zinc nanoparticles, Part II is focused on agri-food applications such as antibacterial, antifungal, antimicrobial, plant disease management, controlling post-harvest diseases, pesticide sensing and degradations, plant promotions, ZnO nanostructure for food packaging application, safe animal food and feed supplement, elimination of mycotoxins, and veterinary applications. Part III reviews technological developments in environmental applications such as risks and benefits for aquatic organisms and the marine environment, antiseptic activity and toxicity mechanisms, wastewater treatment, and zinc oxide-based nanomaterials for photocatalytic degradation of environmental and agricultural pollutants. The book discusses various aspects, including the application of zinc-based nanostructures to enhance plant health and growth, the effect on soil microbial activity, antimicrobial mechanism, phytotoxicity and accumulation in plants, the possible impact of zinc-based nanostructures in the agricultural sector as nanofertilizer, enhancing crop productivity, and other possible antimicrobial mechanisms of ZnO nanomaterials. Explores the impact of a large variety of zinc-based nanostructures on agri-food and environment sectors Outlines how the properties of zinc-based nanostructures mean they are particularly efficient in environmental and agricultural application areas Assesses the major challenges of synthesizing and processing zinc-based nanostructured materials

Biodefense in the Age of Synthetic Biology

Biodefense in the Age of Synthetic Biology Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on Strategies for Identifying and Addressing Potential Biodefense Vulnerabilities Posed by Synthetic Biology
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2019-01-05
ISBN : 0309465184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scientific advances over the past several decades have accelerated the ability to engineer existing organisms and to potentially create novel ones not found in nature. Synthetic biology, which collectively refers to concepts, approaches, and tools that enable the modification or creation of biological organisms, is being pursued overwhelmingly for beneficial purposes ranging from reducing the burden of disease to improving agricultural yields to remediating pollution. Although the contributions synthetic biology can make in these and other areas hold great promise, it is also possible to imagine malicious uses that could threaten U.S. citizens and military personnel. Making informed decisions about how to address such concerns requires a realistic assessment of the capabilities that could be misused. Biodefense in the Age of Synthetic Biology explores and envisions potential misuses of synthetic biology. This report develops a framework to guide an assessment of the security concerns related to advances in synthetic biology, assesses the levels of concern warranted for such advances, and identifies options that could help mitigate those concerns.

Mapping Genetic Interactions

Mapping Genetic Interactions Book
Author : Franco Joseph Vizeacoumar,Andrew Freywald
Publisher : Humana
Release : 2021-12-07
ISBN : 9781071617397
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume details methods of identifying synthetic lethal, genetic interactions by various approaches in different model systems including human cancer cells. Chapters guide readers through genetic interactions in model organisms, RNA interference, CRISPR/Cas9 based genome editing technologies, drug-gene interactions, mapping chemical genetic interactions, synergistic drug-gene relations, single cell sequencing, gene expression profiling, and novel genetic interactions. Written in the format of the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, each chapter includes an introduction to the topic, lists necessary materials and reagents, includes tips on troubleshooting and known pitfalls, and step-by-step, readily reproducible protocols. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Genetic Interaction Mapping aims to be a useful practical guide to researches to help further their study in this field.

Rice Improvement

Rice Improvement Book
Author : Jauhar Ali,Shabir Hussain Wani
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-05
ISBN : 3030665305
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. By 2050, human population is expected to reach 9.7 billion. The demand for increased food production needs to be met from ever reducing resources of land, water and other environmental constraints. Rice remains the staple food source for a majority of the global populations, but especially in Asia where ninety percent of rice is grown and consumed. Climate change continues to impose abiotic and biotic stresses that curtail rice quality and yields. Researchers have been challenged to provide innovative solutions to maintain, or even increase, rice production. Amongst them, the ‘green super rice’ breeding strategy has been successful for leading the development and release of multiple abiotic and biotic stress tolerant rice varieties. Recent advances in plant molecular biology and biotechnologies have led to the identification of stress responsive genes and signaling pathways, which open up new paradigms to augment rice productivity. Accordingly, transcription factors, protein kinases and enzymes for generating protective metabolites and proteins all contribute to an intricate network of events that guard and maintain cellular integrity. In addition, various quantitative trait loci associated with elevated stress tolerance have been cloned, resulting in the detection of novel genes for biotic and abiotic stress resistance. Mechanistic understanding of the genetic basis of traits, such as N and P use, is allowing rice researchers to engineer nutrient-efficient rice varieties, which would result in higher yields with lower inputs. Likewise, the research in micronutrients biosynthesis opens doors to genetic engineering of metabolic pathways to enhance micronutrients production. With third generation sequencing techniques on the horizon, exciting progress can be expected to vastly improve molecular markers for gene-trait associations forecast with increasing accuracy. This book emphasizes on the areas of rice science that attempt to overcome the foremost limitations in rice production. Our intention is to highlight research advances in the fields of physiology, molecular breeding and genetics, with a special focus on increasing productivity, improving biotic and abiotic stress tolerance and nutritional quality of rice.

Human Genome Editing

Human Genome Editing Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,National Academy of Medicine,National Academy of Sciences,Committee on Human Gene Editing: Scientific, Medical, and Ethical Considerations
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-08-13
ISBN : 0309452880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genome editing is a powerful new tool for making precise alterations to an organism's genetic material. Recent scientific advances have made genome editing more efficient, precise, and flexible than ever before. These advances have spurred an explosion of interest from around the globe in the possible ways in which genome editing can improve human health. The speed at which these technologies are being developed and applied has led many policymakers and stakeholders to express concern about whether appropriate systems are in place to govern these technologies and how and when the public should be engaged in these decisions. Human Genome Editing considers important questions about the human application of genome editing including: balancing potential benefits with unintended risks, governing the use of genome editing, incorporating societal values into clinical applications and policy decisions, and respecting the inevitable differences across nations and cultures that will shape how and whether to use these new technologies. This report proposes criteria for heritable germline editing, provides conclusions on the crucial need for public education and engagement, and presents 7 general principles for the governance of human genome editing.