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Creep Resistant Steels

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Creep Resistant Steels

Creep Resistant Steels Book
Author : Fujio Abe,Torsten-Ulf Kern,R Viswanathan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-03-14
ISBN : 1845694015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Creep-resistant steels are widely used in the petroleum, chemical and power generation industries. Creep-resistant steels must be reliable over very long periods of time at high temperatures and in severe environments. Understanding and improving long-term creep strength is essential for safe operation of plant and equipment. This book provides an authoritative summary of key research in this important area. The first part of the book describes the specifications and manufacture of creep-resistant steels. Part two covers the behaviour of creep-resistant steels and methods for strengthening them. The final group of chapters analyses applications in such areas as turbines and nuclear reactors. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Creep-resistant steels is a valuable reference for the power generation, petrochemical and other industries which use high strength steels at elevated temperatures. Describes the specifications and manufacture of creep-resistant steels Strengthening methods are discussed in detail Different applications are analysed including turbines and nuclear reactors

Creep resistant Steels

Creep resistant Steels Book
Author : R. Viswanathan
Publisher : Woodhead Pub Limited
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9781845691783
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Creep-resistant steels are widely used in the petroleum, chemical and power generation industries. Creep-resistant steels must be reliable over very long periods of time at high temperatures and in severe environments. Understanding and improving long-term creep strength is essential for safe operation of plant and equipment. This book provides an authoritative summary of key research in this important area. The first part of the book describes the specifications and manufacture of creep-resistant steels. Part two covers the behaviour of creep-resistant steels and methods for strengthening them. The final group of chapters analyses applications in such areas as turbines and nuclear reactors. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Creep-resistant steels is a valuable reference for the power generation, petrochemical and other industries which use high strength steels at elevated temperatures. Describes the specifications and manufacture of creep-resistant steels Strengthening methods are discussed in detail Different applications are analysed including turbines and nuclear reactors

Creep and High Temperature Deformation of Metals and Alloys

Creep and High Temperature Deformation of Metals and Alloys Book
Author : Stefano Spigarelli,Elisabetta Gariboldi
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-12-12
ISBN : 3039218786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

By the late 1940s, and since then, the continuous development of dislocation theories have provided the basis for correlating the macroscopic time-dependent deformation of metals and alloys—known as creep—to the time-dependent processes taking place within the metals and alloys. High-temperature deformation and stress relaxation effects have also been explained and modeled on similar bases. The knowledge of high-temperature deformation as well as its modeling in conventional or unconventional situations is becoming clearer year by year, with new contemporary and better performing high-temperature materials being constantly produced and investigated. This book includes recent contributions covering relevant topics and materials in the field in an innovative way. In the first section, contributions are related to the general description of creep deformation, damage, and ductility, while in the second section, innovative testing techniques of creep deformation are presented. The third section deals with creep in the presence of complex loading/temperature changes and environmental effects, while the last section focuses on material microstructure–creep correlations for specific material classes. The quality and potential of specific materials and microstructures, testing conditions, and modeling as addressed by specific contributions will surely inspire scientists and technicians in their own innovative approaches and studies on creep and high-temperature deformation.

Structural Alloys for Power Plants

Structural Alloys for Power Plants Book
Author : A. Shirzadi,S. Jackson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-07-30
ISBN : 0857097555
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current fleets of conventional and nuclear power plants face increasing hostile environmental conditions due to increasingly high temperature operation for improved capacity and efficiency, and the need for long term service. Additional challenges are presented by the requirement to cycle plants to meet peak-load operation. This book presents a comprehensive review of structural materials in conventional and nuclear energy applications. Opening chapters address operational challenges and structural alloy requirements in different types of power plants. The following sections review power plant structural alloys and methods to mitigate critical materials degradation in power plants.

Creep Characteristics of Engineering Materials

Creep Characteristics of Engineering Materials Book
Author : Tomasz Arkadiusz Tański,Marek Sroka,Adam Zieliński,Grzegorz Golański
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-02-19
ISBN : 1789843634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains chapters with the results of the research into the creep effect in different materials (ceramics, metallic materials, polymers, organic materials) and presents the method for using the assessment based on creep tests and numerical calculations to determine the actual lifetime. This subject has relevance as a significant development of new materials in which the creep effect is a decisive factor for their durability within the design service life have been observed in recent years. Therefore, there is a great demand for knowledge of the actual performance of materials during and beyond the design service life. The book aims to provide readers, including but not limited to MSc and PhD students as well as research personnel and engineers involved in operation of power equipment, with the comprehensive information on changes in the performance of creep-resistant materials during service.

Austenitic Stainless Steels

Austenitic Stainless Steels Book
Author : Wojciech Borek,Tomasz Tański,Zbigniew Brytan
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-12-20
ISBN : 9535137018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stainless steel is still one of the fastest growing materials. Today, the austenitic stainless steel with the classic composition of 18% Cr and 8% Ni (grade 304L) is still the most widely used by far in the world. The unique characteristic of stainless steel arises from three main factors. The versatility results from high corrosion resistance, excellent low- and high-temperature properties, high toughness, formability, and weldability. The long life of stainless steels has been proven in service in a wide range of environments, together with low maintenance costs compared to other highly alloyed metallic materials. The retained value of stainless steel results from the high intrinsic value and easy recycling. Stainless steel, especially of austenitic microstructure, plays a crucial role in achieving sustainable development nowadays, so it is also important for further generations.

Physics Of Creep And Creep Resistant Alloys

Physics Of Creep And Creep Resistant Alloys Book
Author : F R N Nabarro,F. de Villiers
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-05-08
ISBN : 1135477620
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unique in its approach, this introduction to the physics of creep concentrates on the physical principles underlying observed phenomena. As such it provides a resource for graduate students in materials science, metallurgy, mechanical engineering, physics and chemistry as well as researchers in other fields. Following a brief mathematical treatment, the authors introduce creep phenomena together with some empirical laws and observations. The mechanisms of creep and diffusion under varying experimental conditions are subsequently analysed and developed. The second half of the text considers alloying in greater detail as well as exploring the structure and properties of superalloys and stress effects in these materials.

Advances in Materials Technology for Fossil Power Plants

Advances in Materials Technology for Fossil Power Plants Book
Author : D. Gandy and J. Shingledecker
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2014-01-01
ISBN : 1627080600
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conference proceedings covering the latest technology developments for fossil fuel power plants, including nickel-based alloys for advanced ultrasupercritical power plants, materials for turbines, oxidation and corrosion, welding and weld performance, new alloys concepts, and creep and general topics.

Proceedings Creep Fracture in High Temperature Components

Proceedings  Creep   Fracture in High Temperature Components Book
Author : I. A. Shibli,S. R. Holdsworth
Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
Release : 2009
ISBN : 160595005X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A compendium of European and worldwide research investigating creep, fatigue and failure behaviors in metals under high-temperature and other service stresses. It helps set the standards for coordinating creep data and for maintaining defect-free quality in high-temperature metals and metal-based weldments.

Creep and Fracture in High Temperature Components

Creep and Fracture in High Temperature Components Book
Author : European Creep Collaborative Committee
Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9781932078497
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides information from around the world on creep in multiple high-temperature metals, alloys, and advanced materials.

Ferrous Materials

Ferrous Materials Book
Author : Hans Berns,Werner Theisen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-08-26
ISBN : 3540718486
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ferrous materials have made a major contribution to the development of modern technology. They span a tremendous range of properties and applications. Part A of this book is dedicated to the fundamental relationships between the structure and the properties of ferrous materials. The considerably larger Part B deals with standardised materials, recent developments and industrial applications, which also affect processing aspects. Details are given for general engineering materials, tool and functional materials, as well as high-strength, creep-resistant and wear-resistant grades. This book closes the gap in the treatment of steel and cast iron. Each chapter takes into account the gradual transitions between the two types of ferrous materials. The authors demonstrate that steel and cast iron are versatile and customisable materials which will continue to play a key role in the future.

Creep

Creep Book
Author : Tomasz Tański,Marek Sroka,Adam Zieliński
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-01-10
ISBN : 9535137247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains 12 chapters with original and innovative research studies in the issues related to the broadly defined creep effect, which concerns not only the area of construction materials but also natural phenomena. The emphasis on the discussion of a new trend of experimental creep testing, which binds the classic creep methods to seek the correlation of parameters obtained in tests, deserves particular attention. This book aims to provide the readers, including, but not limited to, students and doctoral students and also the research personnel and engineers involved in the operation of equipment and structural components as well as specialists in high-temperature creep-resisting materials, with a comprehensive review of new trends in the field of creep-exposed materials and their research methodology. The chapters of this book were developed by respected and well-known researchers from different countries.

High Nitrogen Steels

High Nitrogen Steels Book
Author : Valentin G. Gavriljuk,Hans Berns
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1999-11-02
ISBN : 9783540664116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Basic research and new manufacturing methods have led to high nitrogen steels (HNS), a promising new group of materials for use in advanced applications in mechanical and chemical engineering. The book deals with the atomic structure, constitution, properties, manufacturing and application of martensitic, austenitic, duplex and dualphase steels of superior strength and corrosion resistance. Combining metallurgy and engineering aspects. It gives a detailed overview and presents new results on HNS. The book is intended for scientists as well as technologists, who will find stimulating information.

History Developments and Trends in the Heat Treatment of Steel

History  Developments and Trends in the Heat Treatment of Steel Book
Author : Peter Jurči
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-03-01
ISBN : 303650060X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Steels and their heat treatment are still very important in modern industry because most industrial components are made from these materials. The proper choice of steel grades along with their suitable processing makes it possible to reduce the weight of the components, which is closely related to energy and fuel savings. This has decisive importance in branches such as the automotive, transport, consumer industries. A great number of novel heat- and surface-treatment techniques have been developed over the past three decades. These techniques involve, for example, vacuum treatment, sub-zero treatment, laser/electron beam surface hardening and alloying, low-pressure carburizing and nitriding, and physical vapour deposition. This Special Issue contains a collection of original research articles on not only advanced heat-treatment techniques—carburizing and sub-zero treatments—but also on the microstructure–property relationships in different ferrous alloys.

Materials for Advanced Power Engineering 1994

Materials for Advanced Power Engineering 1994 Book
Author : D. Coutsouradis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9780792330745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The role of energy in the modern world goes beyond mere technology and economics to influence welfare, the environment, the quality of life and, in broad terms, civilization itself. Since the Industrial Revolution, energy conservation technology has been at the forefront of the innovation required to satisfy the needs of mankind and, more than any other, this technology has always depended on the performance of the materials used.

Bainite in Steels

Bainite in Steels Book
Author : H.K.D.H. Bhadeshia
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-04-15
ISBN : 1351574809
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the third edition of the book, much expanded to include and incorporate important developments in the subject over the last fifteen years. The book represents a comprehensive treatise on all aspects of the bainite transformation, from the choreography of atoms during the phase change to length scales that are typical of engineering applications. The alloy design that emerges from this explains the role of solute additions, and the pernicious effects of impurities such as hydrogen. The picture presented is self-consistent and therefore is able to guide the reader on the exploitation of theory to the design of some of the most exciting steels, including the world’s first bulk nanostructured metal.

Performance of Bolting Materials in High Temperature Plant Applications

Performance of Bolting Materials in High Temperature Plant Applications Book
Author : Andrew Strang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-25
ISBN : 1000122441
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the technology of high-temperature bolting materials and the design considerations of high-temperature bolted joints. It is based on the second international conference on high-temperature creep resistant materials held in York.

Generating Power at High Efficiency

Generating Power at High Efficiency Book
Author : E Jeffs
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-04-24
ISBN : 1845694546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Combined cycle technology is used to generate power at one of the highest levels of efficiency of conventional power plants. It does this through primary generation from a gas turbine coupled with secondary generation from a steam turbine powered by primary exhaust heat. Generating power at high efficiency thoroughly charts the development and implementation of this technology in power plants and looks to the future of the technology, noting the advantages of the most important technical features – including gas turbines, steam generator, combined heat and power and integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) – with their latest applications. Reviews key developments in combined cycle technology Uses examples drawn from plants around the world Looks at how combined cycle technology can evolve to meet future energy needs

Materials and Processes Technologies V

Materials and Processes Technologies V Book
Author : Jing Tao Han,Xiang Hua Liu,Zheng Yi Jiang
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2014-06-06
ISBN : 3038265047
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2014 International Conference on Manufacturing Science and Engineering (ICMSE 2014), April 19-20, 2014, Shanghai, China. The 508 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Alloys and Non-Ferrous Materials, Chapter 2: Iron and Steel, Chapter 3: Composites, Chapter 4: Micro/Nano Materials and Technologies, Chapter 5: Ceramics, Chapter 6: Optical/Electronic/Magnetic Materials and Technologies, Chapter 7: Building and Construction Research, Chapter 8: Environment-Friendly Materials, Chapter 9: Biomaterials and Bioresearch, Chapter 10: Polymer Materials, Chapter 11: Film Materials, Chapter 12: Textile Materials and Technologies, Chapter 13: Corrosion and Surface Treatment Technology, Chapter 14: Materials Mechanical Behavior and Fracture, Chapter 15: Surface Engineering / Coatings Technology, Chapter 16: Forming Technologies, Chapter 17: Material Machining, Chapter 18: Welding and Joining, Chapter 19: Micro-Fabrication Techniques, Chapter 20: Laser Processing Technology, Chapter 21: Machining Tools, Testing Technologies and Error Measurement, Chapter 22: Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Processes, Chapter 23: Thermal Engineering Theory and Applications, Chapter 24: Mineral and Soil Mining and Processing