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Craniofacial Anatomy And Forensic Identification

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Craniofacial Anatomy and Forensic Identification

Craniofacial Anatomy and Forensic Identification Book
Author : Gloria Nusse
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-08-15
ISBN : 9780128092880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Our bodies are recording devices for what happens to us physically throughout our lives, illustrated by the simple appearance of scars from injuries sustained years, if not decades ago. They also tell us how we used our joints as children and adults; how our bodies conform to the environment we live in. By examining and observing these key clues a forensic artist can reveal the unique character and tale of a person's life and death. The Anatomical Biography covers all aspects of facial reconstruction and anatomy of the body including post cranial, facial expression, anatomical basis for facial development, innervations and effects of life and muscle movement. Written by a world renowned Forensic Artist with decades of experience as an artist and as a professor. Comprehensively addresses the history of facial reconstruction, facial development, muscle movements, taphonomy, post cranial reconstruction utilized by Forensic Artists and Forensic Anthropologists Demonstrates techniques in mold making, 3-d laser printing, and sculpting to bring the body to life Includes images from cadaver labs and recent case studies Written by a world renowned Forensic Artist with decades of experience as an artist and as a professor

Craniofacial Identification

Craniofacial Identification Book
Author : Caroline Wilkinson,Christopher Rynn
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2012-05-03
ISBN : 0521768624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Draws together a wide range of elements relating to craniofacial analysis and identification, examining the latest advances in the field.

Forensic Analysis of the Skull

Forensic Analysis of the Skull Book
Author : Mehmet Yasar Iscan,M. Yaşar İşcan,Richard P. Helmer
Publisher : Wiley-Liss
Release : 1993-11-08
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This engrossing book offers detailed coverage of forensic implications and methods of craniofacial identification. Race, sex and age morphology are explored along with video superimposition and computer imaging techniques. Several case studies are also included.

Craniofacial Identification in Forensic Medicine

Craniofacial Identification in Forensic Medicine Book
Author : John G. Clement,David Ranson (FRCPA.)
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1998-05-01
ISBN : 9780340607596
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is the appearance of the face that provides most people with information about a person's identity. Similarly, in forensic science it has long been recognised that the most useful methods of obtaining the identity of an individual, in the absence of fingerprints, rely on the characteristics of the human face, head and teeth. Post-mortem identification of skeletal remains depends heavily on dentition and the morphology of the skull. As a result, 'Craniofacial Identification in Forensic Medicine' considers the various methods of identification describing the ways in which such methods may be integrated with other approaches for establishing identity. Video superimposition, radiographic and photographic superimposition as well as computer and artist modelling of faces from facial remains has led to rapid improvement in the techniques available for human facial identification. This book considers these issues together with the legal, social and psychological implications of their use. The specialist areas covered will be of particular benefit to forensic pathologists, forensic odontologists, forensic anthropologists and other forensic scientists as well as lawyers and law enforcement personnel. The book will also serve as an invaluable source of reference to craniofacial surgeons, coroners (medical examiners), archaeologists and students from a wide range of medical, legal and scientific disciplines.

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains Book
Author : Gregory E. Berg,Sabrina C Ta'ala
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-12-13
ISBN : 1439815755
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ancestry determination in the identification of unknown remains can be a challenge for forensic scientists and anthropologists, especially when the remains available for testing are limited. There are various techniques for the assessment of ancestry, ranging from traditional to new microbiological and computer-assisted methods. Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains: Beyond Black and White presents a range of tools that can be used to identify the probable socio-cultural "race" category of unknown human remains. Gathering insight from those who have made recent improvements and scientific advances in the field, the book begins with the historical foundations of the concept of biological affinity and the need for increased research into methods for determining ancestry of skeletal remains. The contributors cover a range of topics, including: Ancestry estimation from the skull using morphoscopic and morphometric traits and variables Innovative methods from metric analyses of the postcrania, and new approaches to dental non-metric variation The biological diversity of Hispanic populations and use of discriminant function analysis and 3D-ID software to determine ancestry Methods of age progression and facial reconstructions to create two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) facial composites for missing people The preparation of skeletal remains for DNA extraction and sampling, and mtDNA methods that are available for identification of haplogroups (e.g., ancestral populations) No single method or technique is adequate in the assessment of ancestry. For accurate determinations, the use of traditional and new techniques combined yields better results. This book demonstrates the large repertoire of tools available to those tasked with these challenging determinations.

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology Book
Author : Sue Black,Eilidh Ferguson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-02-07
ISBN : 9781439845899
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in our ability to analyse information from skeletal remains and subsequent developments in the field of forensic anthropology make it possible to identify more victims of homicides, mass-fatality disasters, and genocide. Summarizing the vast collection of international literature that has developed over the past decade, Forensic Anthropolo

Atlas of Human Cranial Macromorphoscopic Traits

Atlas of Human Cranial Macromorphoscopic Traits Book
Author : Joseph T. Hefner,Kandus C. Linde
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-02
ISBN : 012814386X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Atlas of Human Cranial Macromorphoscopic Traits synthesizes macromorphoscopic traits and their analysis in an accessible manner, providing detailed descriptions and examples of the various character state manifestations intended for use in classrooms, laboratories, and in the field. The volume begins with an outline of the macromorphoscopic dataset, its history, recent modifications to the historical approach, and recent technological and analytical advances. Additional sections cover Nomenclature, Gross Anatomy, Function, Methodology, Line Drawings, Detailed Definitions, Multiple High-resolution Photographs, and Population Variation Data from the Macromorphoscopic Databank (MaMD). The volume concludes with a chapter outlining the statistical analysis of macromorphoscopic data and a summary of the computer programs and reference databases available to forensic anthropologists for the analysis of these data. Provides detailed descriptions, illustrations and high-resolution images of various character state manifestations of seventeen macromorphoscopic traits Applies to both forensic and bioarcheological research Written by the foremost expert on macromorphoscopic trait analysis and estimation of ancestry in forensic anthropology

Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences

Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-28
ISBN : 0123821665
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic science includes all aspects of investigating a crime, including: chemistry, biology and physics, and also incorporates countless other specialties. Today, the service offered under the guise of "forensic science’ includes specialties from virtually all aspects of modern science, medicine, engineering, mathematics and technology. The Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences, Second Edition is a reference source that will inform both the crime scene worker and the laboratory worker of each other’s protocols, procedures and limitations. Written by leading scientists in each area, every article is peer reviewed to establish clarity, accuracy, and comprehensiveness. As reflected in the specialties of its Editorial Board, the contents covers the core theories, methods and techniques employed by forensic scientists – and applications of these that are used in forensic analysis. This 4-volume set represents a 30% growth in articles from the first edition, with a particular increase in coverage of DNA and digital forensics Includes an international collection of contributors The second edition features a new 21-member editorial board, half of which are internationally based Includes over 300 articles, approximately 10pp on average Each article features a) suggested readings which point readers to additional sources for more information, b) a list of related Web sites, c) a 5-10 word glossary and definition paragraph, and d) cross-references to related articles in the encyclopedia Available online via SciVerse ScienceDirect. Please visit www.info.sciencedirect.com for more information This new edition continues the reputation of the first edition, which was awarded an Honorable Mention in the prestigious Dartmouth Medal competition for 2001. This award honors the creation of reference works of outstanding quality and significance, and is sponsored by the RUSA Committee of the American Library Association

Handbook of Forensic Medicine

Handbook of Forensic Medicine Book
Author : Burkhard Madea
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-03-17
ISBN : 1118570626
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Medicine encompasses all areas in which medicine and law interact. This book covers diverse aspects of forensic medicine including forensic pathology, traumatology and violent death, sudden and unexpected death, clinical forensic medicine, toxicology, traffic medicine, identification, haemogenetics and medical law. A knowledge of all these subdisciplines is necessary in order to solve routine as well as more unusual cases. Taking a comprehensive approach the book m.oves beyond a focus on forensic pathology to include clinical forensic medicine and forensic toxicology. All aspects of forensic medicine are covered to meet the specialist needs of daily casework. Aspects of routine analysis and quality control are addressed in each chapter. The book provides coverage of the latest developments in forensic molecular biology, forensic toxicology, molecular pathology and immunohistochemistry. A must-have reference for every specialist in the field this book is set to become the bench-mark for the international forensic medical community.

Computer Graphic Facial Reconstruction

Computer Graphic Facial Reconstruction Book
Author : John G. Clement,Murray K. Marks
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-07-02
ISBN : 9780080454221
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique books looks at a cost-efficient, fast and accurate means of facial reconstruction--from segmented, decomposed, or skeletal remains--using computer-graphic and computational means. Computer-Graphic Facial Reconstruction is designed as a valuable resource for those scientists designing new research projects and protocols, as well as a practical handbook of methods and techniques for medico-legal practitioners who actually identify the faceless victims of crime. It looks at a variety of approaches: artificial intelligence using neural networks, case-based reasoning, Baysian belief systems, along with a variety of imaging methods: radiological, CT, MRI and the use of imaging devices. The methods described in this book complement, or may even replace, the less-reliable, more traditional means of securing identification by presumptive means, i.e., recognition of clothing, personal effects and clay reconstruction. - Covers cutting-edge technologies in the context of historical forensic reconstruction methods - Features stellar authors from around the globe - Bridges the areas of computer graphics, animation, and forensic anthropology

Forensic Approaches to Death Disaster and Abuse

Forensic Approaches to Death  Disaster and Abuse Book
Author : Marc Oxenham
Publisher : Australian Academic Press
Release : 2008-01-01
ISBN : 1875378901
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the last 100 years infant mortality rates have improved dramatically, yet even in a developed country such as Australia the physical health of infants varies greatly, despite advances in science and technology. It has now become clear that emotional and physical development is affected by many different variables. Not only must physical development and health support be adequate, but the presence of factors such as good-enough parenting, and the absence of others such as substance abuse and domestic violence, are now becoming better understood. So how best to work with families where infants are at risk? This is the substance of this book: to understand how to achieve improved outcomes for infants growing up in situations of risk, mainly in the area of the parents' mental health, but also in other related psychosocial circumstances that may impair parental functioning. These include migration, substance abuse, and infant hospitalisation. Throughout this book, the authors examine the effects of adverse life circumstances on infant and family and, in most cases, also describe assessments and interventions. Several chapters have been written by people personally affected by mental illness, or mental illness of a family member. This provides in-depth and often poignant understanding of the perspective of those living with the effects of such illnesses, and helps to expand our knowledge and skills to work with at-risk families.

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology Book
Author : Dennis Dirkmaat
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-03-19
ISBN : 1118255410
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology presents the most comprehensive assessment of the philosophy, goals, and practice of forensic anthropology currently available, with chapters by renowned international scholars and experts. Highlights the latest advances in forensic anthropology research, as well as the most effective practices and techniques used by professional forensic anthropologists in the field Illustrates the development of skeletal biological profiles and offers important new evidence on statistical validation of these analytical methods. Evaluates the goals and methods of forensic archaeology, including the preservation of context at surface-scattered remains, buried bodies and fatal fire scenes, and recovery and identification issues related to large-scale mass disaster scenes and mass grave excavation.

Forensic Science and Law

Forensic Science and Law Book
Author : Cyril H. Wecht,John T. Rago
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-12-22
ISBN : 1420058118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic science has undergone dramatic progress in recent years, including in the areas of DNA collection and analysis and the reconstruction of crime scenes. However, too few professionals are equipped with the knowledge necessary to fully apply the potential of science in civil, criminal, and family legal matters. Featuring contributions from renowned experts in the forensic, scientific, and legal professions, Forensic Science and Law: Investigative Applications in Criminal, Civil, and Family Justice communicates the wide range of methods and approaches used for achieving justice in these circumstances. A solid grounding in the underlying principles of our legal system provides a context for understanding how these methods are applied. The book brings together the words and thoughts of diverse professionals whose common goal is to uncover the truth. About the editors... Cyril H. Wecht, M.D., J.D., is actively involved as a medical-legal and forensic science consultant, author, and lecturer. Currently coroner of Allegheny County (Pittsburgh), Pennsylvania, he is certified by the American Board of Pathology in anatomic, clinical, and forensic pathology and is a Fellow of the College of American Pathologists and the American Society of Clinical Pathologists. Dr. Wecht is a Clinical Professor at the University of Pittsburgh Schools of Medicine, Dental Medicine, and Graduate School of Public Health, an Adjunct Professor at Duquesne University Schools of Law, Pharmacy and Health Services, and a Distinguished Professor at Carlow University. He is a past president of both the American College of Legal Medicine and the American Academy of Forensic Sciences. Dr. Wecht is the author of more than 500 professional publications and has appeared as a guest on numerous national television and radio talk shows. John T. Rago, J.D., is Assistant Professor of Law at Duquesne University School of Law and the Director of both The Cyril H. Wecht Institute of Forensic Science and Law and the Law School’s Post-conviction DNA Project. He teaches criminal law and procedure to law students and graduate courses on wrongful convictions, foundations in American law and constitutional criminal procedure to students in the university’s Bayer School of Natural and Environmental Sciences. Professor Rago also serves as an appointed member to the Innocence Project’s Policy Group of the Cardozo School of Law in New York. He is admitted to practice before the Pennsylvania Supreme Court, the United States Supreme Court, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit and the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania.