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Counterterrorist Detection Techniques Of Explosives

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Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives Book
Author : Jehuda Yinon
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-10-13
ISBN : 9780080545202
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The detection of hidden explosives has become an issue of utmost importance in recent years. While terrorism is not new to the international community, recent terrorist attacks have raised the issue of detection of explosives and have generated a great demand for rapid, sensitive and reliable methods for detecting hidden explosives. Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives covers recent advances in this area of research including vapor and trace detection techniques (chemiluminescence, mass spectrometry, ion mobility spectrometry, electrochemical methods and micromechanical sensors, such as microcantilevers) and bulk detection techniques (neutron techniques, nuclear quadrupole resonance, x-ray diffraction imaging, millimeter-wave imaging, terahertz imaging and laser techniques). This book will be of interest to any scientists involved in the design and application of security screening technologies including new sensors and detecting devices which will prevent the smuggling of bombs and explosives. * Covers latest advances in vapor and trace detection techniques and bulk detection techniques * Reviews both current techniques and those in advanced stages of development * Techniques that are described in detail, including its principles of operation, as well as its applications in the detection of explosives

Explosives Detection using Magnetic and Nuclear Resonance Techniques

Explosives Detection using Magnetic and Nuclear Resonance Techniques Book
Author : Jacques Fraissard,Olga Lapina
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-07-06
ISBN : 904813062X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) a highly promising new technique for bulk explosives detection: relatively inexpensive, more compact than NMR, but with considerable selectivity. Since the NQR frequency is insensitive to long-range variations in composition, mixing explosives with other materials, such as the plasticizers in plastic explosives, makes no difference. The NQR signal strength varies linearly with the amount of explosive, and is independent of its distribution within the volume monitored. NQR spots explosive types in configurations missed by the X-ray imaging method. But if NQR is so good, why it is not used everywhere? Its main limitation is the low signal-to-noise ratio, particularly with the radio-frequency interference that exists in a field environment, NQR polarization being much weaker than that from an external magnetic field. The distinctive signatures are there, but are difficult to extract from the noise. In addition, the high selectivity is partly a disadvantage, as it is hard to build a multichannel system necessary to cover a wide range of target substances. Moreover, substances fully screened by metallic enclosures, etc. are difficult to detect. A workshop was held at St Petersburg in July 2008 in an attempt to solve these problems and make NQR the universal technique for the detection of bombs regardless of type. This book presents the essentials of the papers given there.

Counter Terrorism Technologies

Counter Terrorism Technologies Book
Author : Peter Lehr
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-10
ISBN : 331990924X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book critically discusses the role of technology for counter-terrorism in general, and for securing our vulnerable open societies in particular. It is set against the backdrop of the terrorist threat posed by the combined forces of Al Qaeda and ISIS/Daesh in the foreseeable future. The book commences by illuminating current and foreseeable tactics and weapons used by these implacable enemies – weapons that may well include chemical, biological, radiological and potentially even nuclear (CBRN) devices. In a second part, it introduces technologies already available or in development that promise an increase in safety and security when it comes to the dangers posed by these terrorists. This part also includes a critical discussion of advantages and disadvantages of such technologies that are, quite often, sold as a ‘silver bullet’ approach in the fight against terrorism. Controversies such as those triggered by the abuse of millimeter wave scanners deployed at several Western European airports will demonstrate that there are costs involved with regard to human rights. The third, analytical part takes the critical discussion further by arguing that the uncritical fielding of new surveillance and control technologies in parallel with the on-going outsourcing and privatization of key services of the state could well lead to dystopias as envisaged in a rather prescient way by the so-called cyperpunk novels of the 1980s. The book concludes with the question that any liberal democracy should ask itself: how far can we go with regard to hardening our societies against terrorist threats?

Explosives Detection

Explosives Detection Book
Author : Lorenzo Capineri,Eyüp Kuntay Turmuş
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-29
ISBN : 940241729X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents selected contributions from the “Advanced Research Workshop on Explosives Detection” hosted by the Department of Information Engineering of the University of Florence, Italy in 2018. The main goal of the workshop was to find out how Science for Peace and Security projects in the field of Explosives Detection contribute to the development and/or refinement of scientific and technical knowledge and competencies. The findings of the workshop, presented in the last section of the book, determine future actions and direction of the SPS Programme in the field of explosives detection and management.The NATO Science for Peace and Security (SPS) Programme, promotes dialogue and practical cooperation between NATO member states and partner nations based on scientific research, technological innovation and knowledge exchange. Several initiatives were launched in the field of explosive detection and clearance, as part of NATO’s enhanced role in the international fight against terrorism. Experts and scientists from NATO members and partner countries have been brought together in multi-year projects, within the framework of the SPS Programme, to cooperate in the scientific research in explosive detection field, developing new technologies and methods to be implemented in order to detect explosive substances in different contexts.

Forensic Investigation of Explosions

Forensic Investigation of Explosions Book
Author : David R. Gaskell
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-11-02
ISBN : 1420087266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now in its second edition, Forensic Investigation of Explosions draws on the editor‘s 30 years of explosives casework experience, including his work on task forces set up to investigate major explosives incidents. Dr. Alexander Beveridge provides a broad, multidisciplinary approach, assembling the contributions of internationally recognized experts

Trace Analysis with Nanomaterials

Trace Analysis with Nanomaterials Book
Author : David T. Pierce,Julia Xiaojun Zhao
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-05-25
ISBN : 3527632077
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presenting a wide variety of methods, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the current state -- ranging from bioanalysis to electrochemical sensing, forensics and chemistry, while also covering the toxicity aspects of nanomaterials to humans and the environment. Edited by rising stars in the field, the first section on biological analysis includes an investigation of nanoparticles and micro- and nanofluidic systems, while the second, environmental analysis, looks at the detection, monitoring, and sensing of explosives as well as pollutants, among other topics. The final part covers such advanced methods as the synthesis and characterization of gold nanorods. For analytical chemists, materials scientists, chemists working in trace analysis, and spectroscopists.

Demystifying Explosives

Demystifying Explosives Book
Author : Sethuramasharma Venugopalan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-01-09
ISBN : 0128017562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Demystifying Explosives: Concepts in High Energy Materials explains the basic concepts of and the science behind the entire spectrum of high energy materials (HEMs) and gives a broad perspective about all types of HEMs and their interrelationships. Demystifying Explosives covers topics ranging from explosives, deflagration, detonation, and pyrotechnics to safety and security aspects of HEMS, looking at their aspects, particularly their inter-relatedness with respect to properties and performance. The book explains concepts related to the molecular structure of HEMs, their properties, performance parameters, detonation and shock waves including explosives and propellants. The theory-based title also deals with important (safety and security) and interesting (constructive applications) aspects connected with HEMs and is of fundamental use to students in their introduction to these materials and applications. Explains the concept of high energy materials in simple language and down-to-earth examples Worked examples and problems are given wherever required Demystifies the concept of explosives Limited use of big and complex equations Questions and Suggested Reading are given at the end of each chapter

Agent and Multi Agent Systems Technologies and Applications

Agent and Multi Agent Systems  Technologies and Applications Book
Author : Gordan Jezic,Mario Kusek,Ngoc Thanh Nguyen,Robert J. Howlett,Lakhmi C. Jain
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-06-16
ISBN : 364230947X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th KES International Conference on Agent and Multi-Agent Systems, KES-AMSTA 2012, held in Dubrovnik, Croatia, in June 2012. The conference attracted a substantial number of researchers and practitioners from all over the world who submitted their papers for ten main tracks covering the methodology and applications of agent and multi-agent systems, one workshop (TRUMAS 2012) and five special sessions on specific topics within the field. The 66 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. The papers are organized in topical sections on virtual organizations, knowledge and learning agents, intelligent workflow, cloud computing and intelligent systems, self-organization, ICT-based alternative and augmentative communication, multi-agent systems, mental and holonic models, assessment methodologies in multi-agent and other paradigms, business processing agents, Trumas 2012 (first international workshop), conversational agents and agent teams, digital economy, and multi-agent systems in distributed environments.

Sensors and Low Power Signal Processing

Sensors and Low Power Signal Processing Book
Author : Syed Kamrul Islam,Mohammad Rafiqul Haider
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-12-02
ISBN : 9780387793924
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Low-power sensors and their applications in various fields ranging from military to civilian lives have made tremendous progress in the recent years. Low-power and extended battery life are the key focuses for long term, reliable and easy operation of these sensors. Sensors and Low Power Signal Processing provides a general overview of a sensor’s working principle and a discussion of the emerging sensor technologies including chemical, electro-chemical and MEMS based sensors. Also included is a discussion on design challenges associated with low-power analog circuits and the schemes to overcome them. Finally, a short discussion of some of the simple wireless telemetry schemes best suited for low-power sensor applications and sensor packaging issues is discussed. Applications and sensor prototypes included are environmental monitoring, health care monitoring and issues related to the development of sensor prototypes and associated electronics to achieve high signal-to-noise ratio will also be presented.

Molecular and Laser Spectroscopy

Molecular and Laser Spectroscopy Book
Author : V.P. Gupta,Yukihiro Ozaki
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-10
ISBN : 0128188715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular and Laser Spectroscopy, Advances and Applications: Volume 2 gives students and researchers an up-to-date understanding of the fast-developing area of molecular and laser spectroscopy. This book covers basic principles and advances in several conventional as well as new and upcoming areas of molecular and laser spectroscopy, such as a wide range of applications in medical science, material science, standoff detection, defence and security, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, and environmental science. It covers the latest advancements, both in terms of techniques and applications, and highlights future projections. Editors V.P. Gupta and Yukihiro Ozaki have brought together eminent scientists in different areas of spectroscopy to develop specialized topics in conventional molecular spectroscopy (Cavity ringdown, Matrix Isolation, Intense THz, Far- and Deep- UV, Optogalvanic ), linear and nonlinear laser spectroscopy (Rayleigh & Raman Scattering), Ultrafast Time-resolved spectroscopy, and medical applications of molecular spectroscopy. and advanced material found in research articles. This new volume expands upon the topics covered in the first volume for scientists to learn the latest techniques and put them to practical use in their work. Covers several areas of spectroscopy research and expands upon topics covered in the first volume Includes exhaustive lists of research articles, reviews, and books at the end of each chapter to further learning objectives Uses illustrative examples of the varied applications to provide a practical guide to those interested in using molecular and laser spectroscopy tools in their research

High Explosives Propellants Pyrotechnics

High Explosives  Propellants  Pyrotechnics Book
Author : Ernst-Christian Koch
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2021-01-18
ISBN : 3110660563
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This dictionary contains 739 entries with about 1400 references to the primary literature. Details on the composition, performance, sensitivity and other pertinent properties of Energetic Materials such as High Explosives, Propellants, Pyrotechnics, as well as important ingredients such as Oxidizers, Fuels, Binders, and Modifiers are given and presented partly in over 180 tables with more than 240 structural formulas . In detail the dictionary gives elaborate descriptions of 460 Chemical Substances 170 Pyrotechnic Compositions 360 High Explosive and Propellant Formulations In addition, the basic physical and thermochemical properties of 435 pure substances (elements & compounds) typically occuring as ingredients or reaction products are given too. 150 Figures, schemes and diagrams explain Applications, Test methods, Scientific facilities, and finally Individuals closely tied with the development and investigation of Energetic Materials. The book is intended for readers with a technical or scientific background, active in governmental agencies, research institutes, trade and industry, concerned with the procurement, development, manufacture, investigation and use of Energetic Materials, such as High Explosives, Propellants, Pyrotechnics, Fireworks and Ammunition. The book serves both as a daily reference for the experienced as well as an introduction for the newcomer to the field.

Forensic Chemistry Handbook

Forensic Chemistry Handbook Book
Author : Lawrence Kobilinsky
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-11-17
ISBN : 9781118062234
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A concise, robust introduction to the various topics covered by the discipline of forensic chemistry The Forensic Chemistry Handbook focuses on topics in each of the major chemistry-related areas of forensic science. With chapter authors that span the forensic chemistry field, this book exposes readers to the state of the art on subjects such as serology (including blood, semen, and saliva), DNA/molecular biology, explosives and ballistics, toxicology, pharmacology, instrumental analysis, arson investigation, and various other types of chemical residue analysis. In addition, the Forensic Chemistry Handbook: Covers forensic chemistry in a clear, concise, and authoritative way Brings together in one volume the key topics in forensics where chemistry plays an important role, such as blood analysis, drug analysis, urine analysis, and DNA analysis Explains how to use analytical instruments to analyze crime scene evidence Contains numerous charts, illustrations, graphs, and tables to give quick access to pertinent information Media focus on high-profile trials like those of Scott Peterson or Kobe Bryant have peaked a growing interest in the fascinating subject of forensic chemistry. For those readers who want to understand the mechanisms of reactions used in laboratories to piece together crime scenes—and to fully grasp the chemistry behind it—this book is a must-have.

Gas Chromatography

Gas Chromatography Book
Author : Colin Poole
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-07-26
ISBN : 0123855411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title provides comprehensive coverage of modern gas chromatography including theory, instrumentation, columns, and applications addressing the needs of advanced students and professional scientists in industry and government laboratories. Chapters are written by recognized experts on each topic. Each chapter offers a complete picture with respect to its topic so researchers can move straight to the information they need without reading through a lot of background information. Individual chapters written by recognized experts The big picture of gas chromatography from theory, to methods, to selected applications Provides references to other sources in associated areas of study to facilitate research Gives access to core data for practical work, comparison of results and decision making

Optoelectronics for Low Intensity Conflicts and Homeland Security

Optoelectronics for Low Intensity Conflicts and Homeland Security Book
Author : Anil Maini
Publisher : Artech House
Release : 2018-11-30
ISBN : 1630815721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This authoritative new resource provides an overview of the deployment of various devices in systems in actual field conditions and efficacy established in warfare. The book covers laser and optronic technologies that have evolved over the years to build practical devices and systems for use in Homeland Security and low-intensity conflict scenarios. Readers will be able to assess combat and battle-worthiness of various available devices and systems. This book covers state-of-the-art and emerging trends in various optoelectronics technologies having applications in Homeland Security. It provides information on operational aspects, deployment scenarios, and actual usage of laser and optoelectronics based technologies for low intensity conflicts, offering insight into the utility of each technology/device for a given operational requirement. This book evaluates the merits of various laser and optoelectronic sensor based technologies intended for low intensity conflict operations, including counter-insurgency and anti-terrorist operations. It is a useful reference for those specializing in defense electronics and optronics and professionals in the defence industry involved in operation and maintenance of laser based security equipment. Packed with tables, photographs, and a comprehensive list of references in every chapter, this is the only book that covers all topics related to Laser and Optoelectronics devices intended for low intensity conflict operations in a single volume.

Global Trends in Information Systems and Software Applications

Global Trends in Information Systems and Software Applications Book
Author : P. Venkata Krishna,M. Rajasekhara Babu,Ezendu Ariwa
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-08-01
ISBN : 364229216X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This 2-Volume-Set, CCIS 0269-CCIS 0270, constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Global Trends in Computing and Communication (CCIS 0269) and the International Conference on Global Trends in Information Systems and Software Applications (CCIS 0270), ObCom 2011, held in Vellore, India, in December 2011. The 173 full papers presented together with a keynote paper and invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 842 submissions. The conference addresses issues associated with computing, communication and information. Its aim is to increase exponentially the participants' awareness of the current and future direction in the domains and to create a platform between researchers, leading industry developers and end users to interrelate.

Criminalistics Forensic Science Crime and Terrorism

Criminalistics  Forensic Science  Crime and Terrorism Book
Author : James E. Girard
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release : 2011-01-28
ISBN : 1449654363
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Criminalistics: Forensic Science, Crime and Terrorism, Second Edition introduces readers with no background in biology or chemistry, to the study of forensic science, crime analysis and application. Principle topics such as fingerprint identification, DNA, paint and glass analysis, drug toxicology, and forensic soil characterization are thoroughly explained in a reader-friendly manner. Unlike other texts available on this topic, this Second Edition is updated to include comprehensive coverage on important homeland security issues including explosives, weapons of mass destruction, and cybercrime. Key Features: * New case studies and updated sections on analysis of fingerprints and questioned documents offer recent developments and findings in this critical field. * Two new chapters on chemistry and biology equip readers with the foundation and tools necessary to understand more advanced topics. * Extensive updating of Chapter 11 “Drug Use and Abuse,” provides the latest methods of drug testing and analysis by federal and state law enforcement agencies. Instructor Resources: * Answers to end of chapter questions * Lecture Outlines * Test Bank * PowerPoint Lecture Outlines Student Resources: * Companion Website (secure) featuring: - web links - interactive glossary - interactive flashcards - chapter spotlights - crossword puzzles *Access to the student companion website can be purchased here http://www.jblearning.com/catalog/9780763789947/. Bundles: * Criminalistics with Brown Lab Manual * Criminalistics with Companion Website * Criminalistsics with with Brown Lab Manual and Companion Website * Criminalistics with Current Topics in Ethics eChapters

Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in Forensic Science

Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in Forensic Science Book
Author : John M. Chalmers,Howell G. M. Edwards,Michael D. Hargreaves
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-01-03
ISBN : 1119962986
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book will provide a survey of the major areas in which information derived from vibrational spectroscopy investigations and studies have contributed to the benefit of forensic science, either in a complementary or a unique way. This is highlighted by examples taken from real case studies and analyses of forensic relevance, which provide a focus for current and future applications and developments.

NL ARMS Netherlands Annual Review of Military Studies 2018

NL ARMS Netherlands Annual Review of Military Studies 2018 Book
Author : H. Monsuur,J.M. Jansen,F.J. Marchal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-12
ISBN : 9462652465
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive study of border control: from data analysis andinformation warfare, frameworks for command and control, and game-theoretic riskmanagement, up to the (optimal) deployment of law enforcement missions. Innovative about this book is that it approaches the subject from several angles, aimingto connect theory and practice of law enforcement missions with risk management and/or quantitative modelling. Some chapters focus on legal challenges and informationwarfare, while others provide quantitative modelling of military asset deployment inthe area of interest, or show the benefits of cooperative wireless sensor networks forborder control. A case study of the Dutch Border Security Team supplements the theory. The publication is ideally suited for reference use by students, academicians, researchersand professionals in the field of border control and related areas. H. Monsuur is Professor of Military Operations Research, J.M. Jansen is AssociateProfessor of Operational ICT, and F.J. Marchal is Lecturer of International/MilitaryLaw at the Faculty of Military Sciences of the Netherlands Defence Academy in DenHelder, The Netherlands.

Forensic Analytical Methods

Forensic Analytical Methods Book
Author : Thiago R L C Paixão,Wendell K T Coltro,Maiara Oliveira Salles
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2019-08-16
ISBN : 1788014596
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic analysis relates to the development of analytical methods from laboratory applications to in-field and in situ applications to resolve criminal cases. There has been a rapid expansion in the past few years in this area, which has led to an increase in the output of literature. This is the first book that brings together the understanding of the analytical techniques and how these influence the outcome of a forensic investigation. Starting with a brief introduction of the chemical analysis for forensic application, some forensic sampling and sample preparation, the book then describes techniques used in forensic chemical sensing in order to solve crimes. The techniques describe current forensic science practices in analytical chemistry and specifically the development of portable detectors to guide the authorities in the field. The book provides an excellent combination of current issues in forensic analytical methods for the graduates and professionals. It will cover the essential principles for students and directly relate the techniques to applications in real situations.