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Cost Benefit Analysis Of Environmental Health Interventions

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Cost Benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions

Cost Benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions Book
Author : Carla Guerriero
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-12-11
ISBN : 0128129360
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cost-benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions clearly articulates the core principles and fundamental methodologies underpinning the modern economic assessment of environmental intervention on human health. Taking a practical approach, the book provides a step-by-step approach to assigning a monetary value to the health benefits and disbenefits arising from interventions, using environmental information and epidemiological evidence. It summarizes environmental risk factors and explores how to interpret and understand epidemiological data using concentration-response, exposure-response or dose-response techniques, explaining the environmental interventions available for each environmental risk factor. It evaluates in detail two of the most challenging stages of Cost-Benefit Analysis in ‘discounting’ and ‘accounting for uncertainty’. Further chapters describe how to analyze and critique results, evaluate potential alternatives to Cost-Benefit Analysis, and on how to engage with stakeholders to communicate the results of Cost-Benefit Analysis. The book includes a detailed case study how to conduct a Cost-Benefit Analysis. It is supported by an online website providing solution files and detailing the design of models using Excel. Provides a clear understanding of the core theory of cost-benefit analysis in environmental health interventions Provides practical guidance using real-world case studies to motivate and expand understanding Describes the challenging ‘discounting’ and ‘accounting for uncertainty’ problems at chapter length Supported by a practical case study, online solution files, and a practical guide to the design of CBA models using Excel

Cost benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions

Cost benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions Book
Author : C. Guerriero
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cost benefit Analysis of Environmental Health Interventions book written by C. Guerriero, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Environmental Health and Child Survival

Environmental Health and Child Survival Book
Author : World Bank
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2008-06-16
ISBN : 9780821372371
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Each year, millions of children in developing countries fall sick and die from diseases caused by polluted air, contaminated water and soil, and poor hygiene behavior. Repeated infectious also contribute to malnutrition in children, and subsequently impacts future learning and productivity. This book analyzes the linkages between malnutrition and environmental health, and assesses the burden of disease on young children, and its economic costs.

Child Survival and Environmental Health Interventions

Child Survival and Environmental Health Interventions Book
Author : Robert C. G. Varley,Environmental Health Project,United States. Agency for International Development. Bureau for Global Programs, Field Support, and Research
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report argues that environmental health interventions prevent illness by reducing exposure to adverse conditions and by promoting behavioral change. Child morbidity and mortality levels and rates have plateaued after considerable progress over the past 20 years. New environmental hazards in urban areas and demographic changes threaten advances made in the past decades. Environmental health interventions tend not to be included in child survival packages because of assumptions about cost effectiveness or the role of health service providers. Water supply and sanitation were ignored after 1979 due to cost comparisons made by Walsh and Warren (1979). This analysis differs from the Walsh and Warren cost analysis in being limited to health sector costs. This model is described in chapter 1. Chapter 2 describes a framework developed for integrating environmental health interventions with child survival. Chapter 3 discusses the impact and effectiveness of hygiene interventions for controlling childhood diarrhea. Chapter 4 explains some principles of the proposed cost effectiveness model and how costs were estimated. Chapter 5 presents the cost effectiveness results. Chapter 6 draws conclusions and puts forth recommendations. The model assumes that costs of physical hardware and physical infrastructure are not a health sector budget cost. User charges and public health subsidies pay for construction through public works. The indicative cutoff value for cost effectiveness is $150 per disability-adjusted life year. The model is based on the global disease paradigm of Murray and Lopez (1994) and the WDR. It offers guidance on ranking of interventions and determining research priorities. The costs of hygiene are the costs of carrying out ongoing campaigns of hygiene promotion and maintaining contact with target clients. Hygiene was found to be cost-effective in four scenarios in Mexico.

Applied Methods of Cost Benefit Analysis in Health Care

Applied Methods of Cost Benefit Analysis in Health Care Book
Author : Emma McIntosh
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010-06-24
ISBN : 0199237123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive set of instructions and examples of how to perform a cost-benefit analysis (CBA) of a health intervention, with a particular focus on the use of stated preference survey methods to identify consumer preference data and the use of recent developments in cost-effectiveness analysis within a CBA framework.

The Globalization of Cost Benefit Analysis in Environmental Policy

The Globalization of Cost Benefit Analysis in Environmental Policy Book
Author : Michael A. Livermore,Richard L. Revesz
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-01-07
ISBN : 0199324115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cost-benefit analysis -- the formal estimating and weighing of the costs and benefits of policy alternatives -- is a standard tool for governments in advanced economies. Through decades of research and innovation, institutions have developed in the United States, European Union, and other developed countries that examine and weigh policy alternatives as an aid to governmental decisionmaking. Lawmakers in the advanced economies have used cost-benefit analysis to evaluate core environmental and public health questions, such as urban air pollution control, water quality, and occupational safety. Yet despite its broad adoption in the industrialized world, most developing and emerging countries have not yet incorporated cost-benefit analysis into their policymaking process. Because these countries face significant limitations on financial resources and have less ability to shoulder inefficient rules, it is extremely important for their officials to determine which policies maximize net benefits for their societies. The Globalization of Cost-Benefit Analysis in Environmental Policy examines how cost-benefit analysis can help developing and emerging countries confront the next generation of environmental and public-health challenges. Analysis in the book examines the growing reach of cost-benefit analysis; presents relevant case studies where cost-benefit analysis has been incorporated in the Americas, Africa, Middle East, and Asia; and includes a discussion on the conceptual and institutional issues that must be addressed when adopting cost-benefit analysis in developing and emerging countries. In part because governments in developing and emerging countries have not extensively used cost-benefit analysis, there has been only limited research and discussion of the practice and its potential. Most work that has been done is on the domestic or regional level, and has not been widely shared or distributed within the international academic or policy community. By providing both theoretical and practical discussion of this important new tool, this book makes a valuable contribution to the fields of environmental policy, development studies, and environmental law.

Environmental Health Policy

Environmental Health Policy Book
Author : Ball, David
Publisher : McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
Release : 2006-12-01
ISBN : 0335218431
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Annotation.

Environmental Health Risks

Environmental Health Risks Book
Author : Friedo Zölzer,Gaston Meskens
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-09-25
ISBN : 1351273345
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental health involves the assessment and control of environmental factors that can potentially affect human health, such as radiation, toxic chemicals and other hazardous agents. It is less commonly understood that environmental health also requires addressing questions of an ethical nature. Bringing together work from experts across a range of sub-disciplines of environmental health, this collection of essays discusses the ethical implications of environmental health research and its application, presented at the 3rd International Symposium on Ethics of Environmental Health held in August 2016 in the Czech Republic. In doing so, it builds upon the insights and ideas put forward in the first volume of Ethics of Environmental Health, published by Routledge in early 2017. This volume will be of great interest to students and scholars of environmental health, applied ethics, environmental ethics, medical ethics and bioethics, as well as those concerned with public health, environmental studies, toxicology and radiation.

Delhi Urban Environment and Infrastructure Improvement Project DUEIIP

Delhi Urban Environment and Infrastructure Improvement Project  DUEIIP   Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Delhi Urban Environment and Infrastructure Improvement Project DUEIIP book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Quality of the Working Environment and Productivity

Quality of the Working Environment and Productivity Book
Author : Marc de Greef,Karla van den Broek,European Agency for Safety and Health at Work
Publisher : European Communities
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This working paper examines the positive effects of a good working environment on company productivity levels, using research findings and case studies with good practice examples at company level among Member States. It is the outcome of an information project, undertaken by the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, on the topic of 'Workers' safety and health, productivity and quality' in 2003, consisting of a literature survey and case studies collected from Member States.

Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 7

Disease Control Priorities  Third Edition  Volume 7  Book
Author : Charles N. Mock,Rachel Nugent,Olive Kobusingye,Kirk R. Smith
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2017-10-27
ISBN : 1464805237
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The substantial burden of death and disability that results from interpersonal violence, road traffic injuries, unintentional injuries, occupational health risks, air pollution, climate change, and inadequate water and sanitation falls disproportionally on low- and middle-income countries. Injury Prevention and Environmental Health addresses the risk factors and presents updated data on the burden, as well as economic analyses of platforms and packages for delivering cost-effective and feasible interventions in these settings. The volume's contributors demonstrate that implementation of a range of prevention strategies-presented in an essential package of interventions and policies-could achieve a convergence in death and disability rates that would avert more than 7.5 million deaths a year.

Valuing Health for Regulatory Cost Effectiveness Analysis

Valuing Health for Regulatory Cost Effectiveness Analysis Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee to Evaluate Measures of Health Benefits for Environmental, Health, and Safety Regulation
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2006-04-28
ISBN : 9780309164849
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Promoting human health and safety by reducing exposures to risks and harms through regulatory interventions is among the most important responsibilities of the government. Such efforts encompass a wide array of activities in many different contexts: improving air and water quality; safeguarding the food supply; reducing the risk of injury on the job, in transportation, and from consumer products; and minimizing exposure to toxic chemicals. Estimating the magnitude of the expected health and longevity benefits and reductions in mortality, morbidity, and injury risks helps policy makers decide whether particular interventions merit the expected costs associated with achieving these benefits and inform their choices among alternative strategies. Valuing Health for Regulatory Cost-Effectiveness Analysis provides useful recommendations for how to measure health-related quality of- life impacts for diverse public health, safety, and environmental regulations. Public decision makers, regulatory analysts, scholars, and students in the field will find this an essential review text. It will become a standard reference for all government agencies and those consultants and contractors who support the work of regulatory programs.

Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research

Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research Book
Author : Rhiannon Tudor Edwards,Emma McIntosh
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2019-03-19
ISBN : 0191057223
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In today's world of scare resources, determining the optimal allocation of funds to preventive health care interventions (PHIs) is a challenge. The upfront investments needed must be viewed as long term projects, the benefits of which we will experience in the future. The long term positive change to PHIs from economic investment can be seen across multiple sectors such as health care, education, employment and beyond. Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research is the fifth in the series of Handbooks in Health Economic Evaluation. It presents new research on health economics methodology and application to the evaluation of public health interventions. Looking at traditional as well as novel methods of economic evaluation, the book covers the history of economics of public health and the economic rationale for government investment in prevention. In addition, it looks at principles of health economics, evidence synthesis, key methods of economic evaluation with accompanying case studies, and much more. Looking to the future, Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research presents priorities for research in the field of public health economics. It acknowledges the role played by natural environment in promoting better health, and the place of genetics, environment and socioeconomic status in determining population health. Ideal for health economists, public health researchers, local government workers, health care professionals, and those responsible for health policy development. Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research is an important contribution to the economic discussion of public health and resource allocation.

Abstracts on Rural Development in the Tropics

Abstracts on Rural Development in the Tropics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Abstracts on Rural Development in the Tropics book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Bulletin of the World Health Organization Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bulletin of the World Health Organization book written by World Health Organization, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advanced Introduction to Cost Benefit Analysis

Advanced Introduction to Cost   Benefit Analysis Book
Author : Robert J. Brent
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2017-10-27
ISBN : 1785361767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This concise yet comprehensive introduction aims to outline the core principles of Cost–Benefit Analysis (CBA), laying them out in an accessible manner with minimum technical detail. The applied nature of the subject is emphasized by showing how each of the principles is applied to an actual public policy intervention, covering transport, education, health and the environment. Robert Brent demonstrates how economic efficiency and equity can be combined as social objectives to help determine decisions that can increase satisfaction for all.

Magazine of the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work

Magazine of the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Magazine of the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Impact of Project Intervention on Rural Households in Nepal

Impact of Project Intervention on Rural Households in Nepal Book
Author : Lila Bahadur Karki
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Obtaining enough food for survival is a fundamental challenges in most of the developing countries. The livestock sector is of paramount importance to sustain the agrarian production, where mixed farming system is practiced. The possibility of increasing the consumption of animal protein in such countries requires an acceleration of the livestock's productivity. One of the most feasible solutions in this regard is to enhance the efficiency of livestock farmers where intervention of development projects play decisive role. This book presents a stringent analyses of such interventions on socio-economic and environmental aspects at households level. The major issue is to isolate the impact on innovation in smallholder peasants, food self-sufficiency, natural resource management, institutional development, gender equity and production efficiency due to such intervention, and its overall effect on the living standard of beneficiaries and other stakeholders of the community. Besides, spillover impact was considered in terms of physical changes due to combined effect of activities transferred into the periphery as percolation. A With-Without project evaluation approach was applied as a research methodology. The findings are based on the primary information collected through household survey. The collected cross sectional information was analyzed using descriptive statistics, econometric models and qualitative analyses. The empirical findings obtained from such analyses confirm a substantial contribution of a project intervention as long as the activities are institutionalized for the sustainability of the accrued benefit over time.

Valuing Water Valuing Livelihoods

Valuing Water  Valuing Livelihoods Book
Author : John Cameron
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9241564288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gives decision makers, health professionals and analysts a comprehensive view of the arguments and challenges associated with establishing the value of drinking-water interventions. The experts who have contributed to this publication provide guidance on assessing the benefits from improving access to safe drinking water and from reducing the burden of water-related diseases. They show how to compare the value of these benefits to the costs of the interventions, with special reference to small-scale drinking water systems.