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Corrosion Of Metallic Heritage Artefacts

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Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts Book
Author : P Dillmann,G Beranger,P Piccardo,H Matthiessen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-01-23
ISBN : 1845693019
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding long term corrosion processes is critical in many areas, including archaeology and conservation. This important book reviews key themes such as the processes underlying corrosion over long periods, how corrosion rates can be measured and materials conserved. After an overview of the study and conservation of metal archaeological artefacts, a group of chapters reviews long term corrosion in metals such as steel, iron and bronze. Other chapters review the impact of environmental factors on corrosion rates. The book also considers instrumental techniques for measuring corrosion such as electrochemistry and scanning electron microscopy, as well as ways of modelling corrosion processes. There is also coverage of the effectiveness of corrosion inhibitors. With its distinguished editors and contributors, Corrosion of metallic heritage artefacts improves our understanding of long term corrosion and its effects. It provides a valuable reference for those involved in archaeology and conservation, as well as those dealing with the long term storage of nuclear and other waste. Reviews long term corrosion in metals such as steel, iron and bronze Considers instumental techniques such as electrochemistry for measuring corrosion

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts Book
Author : P Dillmann,G Beranger,P Piccardo,H Matthiessen
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2007-03-21
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by distinguished editors and contributors, this book explores long term corrosion and its effects on metallic artifacts. It reviews key themes such as the processes underlying corrosion over long periods, how corrosion rates can be measured, and materials conserved. Chapters discuss long term corrosion in metals such as steel, iron, and bronze, then examines the impact of environmental factors on corrosion rates and also considers instrumental techniques for measuring corrosion such as electrochemistry and scanning electron microscopy, as well as ways of modelling corrosion processes.

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts Book
Author : P Dillman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-04-02
ISBN : 9781420054071
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by distinguished editors and contributors, Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts explores long term corrosion and its effects. It reviews key themes such as the processes underlying corrosion over long periods, how corrosion rates can be measured, and materials conserved. The book discusses long term corrosion in metals such as steel, iron, and bronze, then examines the impact of environmental factors on corrosion rates. It also considers instrumental techniques for measuring corrosion such as electrochemistry and scanning electron microscopy, as well as ways of modelling corrosion processes. There is also coverage of the effectiveness of corrosion inhibitors.

Corrosion and Conservation of Cultural Heritage Metallic Artefacts

Corrosion and Conservation of Cultural Heritage Metallic Artefacts Book
Author : P Dillmann,D Watkinson,E Angelini,A Adriaens
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 1782421572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The conservation of metallic archaeological and historic artefacts is a major challenge whether they are ancient bronzes or relics of our more recent industrial past. Based on the work of Working Party 21 Corrosion of Archaeological and Historical Artefacts within the European Federation of Corrosion (EFC), this important book summarises key recent research on analytical techniques, understanding corrosion processes and preventing the corrosion of cultural heritage metallic artefacts. After an introductory part on some of the key issues in this area, part two reviews the range of analytical techniques for measuring and analysing corrosion processes, including time resolved spectroelectrochemistry, voltammetry and laser induced breakdown spectroscopy. Part three reviews different types of corrosion processes for a range of artefacts, whilst part four discusses on-site monitoring techniques. The final part of the book summaries a range of conservation techniques and strategies to conserve cultural heritage metallic artefacts. Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts is an important reference for all those involved in archaeology and conservation, including governments, museums as well as those undertaking research in archaeology and corrosion science. Summarises key research on analytical techniques for measuring and analysing corrosion processes Provides detailed understanding of corrosion processes and corrosion prevention Discusses on-site monitoring techniques

Corrosion of Archaeological and Heritage Artefacts EFC 45

Corrosion of Archaeological and Heritage Artefacts EFC 45 Book
Author : Philippe Dillmann
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-12-02
ISBN : 1351192779
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This special issue of Corrosion Engineering Science and Technology is dedicated to the study of corrosion of objects from historical sites. The issue contains contributions from the 2009 EUROCORR session on Corrosion of Archaeological and Heritage Artefacts organised by the European Federation of Corrosion's working party and commissioned articles on other key issues. The objective is to give the reader a broad understanding of corrosion of ancient materials, for the most part metal but also glass. Articles shed light on a range of analytical approaches related to the study of the complex systems that make up historical artifacts. In order to arrive at an understanding of the nanometric organisation of rust layers and interphases, such studies must be approached on a macroscopic scale. Techniques used include; macrophotography, synchrotron radiation and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) that ensure results that are both exhaustive and representative of particular observations. This issue demonstrates the wealth of approaches possible in the study of the corrosion of ancient materials."

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book
Author : E. Cano,D. Lafuente
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128091452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter reviews the applicability and specific uses of corrosion inhibitors in metal conservation practice. Corrosion inhibitors are one of the different methods used by conservation-restoration professionals to preserve metallic cultural heritage. In the first part, specific requirements and needs for corrosion inhibitors in conservation treatments are reviewed, as well as the different methods for the assessment of their efficiency. The second part of the chapter reviews the different inhibitors used by type of metals: copper and its alloys, iron and its alloys, and other metals (including silver, lead and zinc), from traditional ones to state-of-the-art treatments.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book
Author : E. Angelini,S. Grassini,S. Tusa
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128091312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter deals with the description of suitable and innovative solutions devoted to preserve metallic artefacts in their original contexts, underwater cultural heritage sites of archaeological and historical interest, as well as with the analysis of the degradation processes of ferrous and non-ferrous artefacts induced by contact with an aggressive environment such as sea water. The chapter also provides an overview of the most common conservation strategies applied to recovered artefacts.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book
Author : L.M. Abrantes,A.I. Melato
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128091428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter describes the recent advances in corrosion protection afforded by the use of ultra-thin organic films such as polymer films and self-assembled monolayers. Emphasis is given to the metal surface modification by self-assembled monolayers of carboxylic acids due to their properties and ability to protect metallic artefacts.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book
Author : D. Watkinson
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128091215
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Relationships between conservation and corrosion scientists are assessed and similarities, differences and synergies identified. Corrosion control as a preservation option for heritage metals is advocated as being cost-effective and pragmatic. This will require generation of data to develop predictive conservation and estimation of object lifespan as a function of their intrinsic and extrinsic variables. Methods for quantitative determination of corrosion rates of chloride infested heritage iron and techniques for scaling to heritage value are discussed. The iron hull of the ss Great Britain and an AHRC/EPSRC Heritage Science Research Programme at Cardiff University are used to illustrate the rationale behind using corrosion control in heritage.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book
Author : P. Letardi
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128091266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The basic principles of corrosion and electrochemistry are briefly summarised to indicate the capabilities of electrochemical techniques in diagnostic and conservation of heritage metals. The basic elements of each electrochemical measurement – cell, electrolyte, instrumentation – are schematically illustrated in the specific application to cultural heritage. The different measurement techniques are reviewed, divided into three groups: (1) potential measurements; (2) DC techniques; (3) AC techniques. The aims and fields of application are discussed, reporting several examples of specific applications in the field of cultural heritage.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book
Author : H. Matthiesen
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128091363
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Oxygen is a key factor in corrosion and decay of artefacts from our cultural heritage. The measurement of oxygen concentrations and quantification of oxygen consumption is therefore extremely useful in both corrosion and conservation science. This chapter focuses on two aspects of oxygen monitoring: first, measurement of oxygen consumption of cultural heritage artefacts to evaluate their corrosion rate and the efficiency of conservation treatments, and second, measurement of oxygen concentration in the burial environment to evaluate the preservation conditions and understand the formation of different corrosion products in situ. The chapter includes a short description of equipment for oxygen measurement, and gives some examples of its use for monitoring purposes.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book
Author : S. Grassini
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128091355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is a powerful tool in developing the most appropriate methodology for ensuring long-lasting artefact preservation. EIS consists in the measurement of amplitude and phase of the surface impedance of coated metallic objects at different frequencies in order to highlight either the protective effectiveness of a coating or the stability of a corrosion product layer grown onto the metallic surface. Two in-situ EIS measuring campaigns are described together with the description of the portable instrument and the measuring probes specifically designed and developed for cultural heritage applications.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book
Author : A. Doménech-Carbó
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128091282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter discusses the application of the voltammetry of microparticles, a solid-state electrochemical technique, to the field of corrosion of archaeological metal. Identification of metals and alloys, identification, mapping and layer-by-layer analysis of corrosion products on metal surfaces using this technique are described. Applications include quantification of components of alloys and corrosion layers, and evaluation of metal conservation and the kinetics of long-term corrosion processes. Specific applications in archaeometry, conservation and restoration include authentication and dating.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book
Author : F. Zucchi
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128091436
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter gives general information on the production of sol-gel coatings with alkoxysilanes. Some examples of their application on outdoor bronze artefacts are reported. The protective effects of 3-mercapto-trimethoxysilyl-propane (Prop-SH) hydroalcoholic solution on polished and patinated bronzes were studied. Electrochemical tests, performed in acidic artificial rain (AAR, pH 3.1) and in 5% NaCl solution for 168h, were checked in 45d AAR Salt Cabinet and in 30d ASTM B117 Test on bronze statues. The treatment with Prop-SH showed high efficiency towards the corrosion both in AAR and in 5% NaCl.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book
Author : M. Abdel Harith
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128091258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the present chapter laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is introduced as a powerful spectrochemical analytical technique that can be exploited to characterize corroded artifacts. Scientific and technological aspects of LIBS are briefly presented. LIBS does not need sample preparation, it is nondestructive and it can be used for in-situ measurements. Examples of LIBS applications that can help archaeologists in conservation and restoration of metallic artifacts are given. We demonstrated the use of LIBS in analysis of corroded metal threads, depth profiling of copper-based decorative artefact, analysis of corroded Punic coins, and LIBS and XRF analysis of Roman silver denarii.

Corrosion and Conservation of Cultural Heritage Metallic Artefacts

Corrosion and Conservation of Cultural Heritage Metallic Artefacts Book
Author : P. Dillmann
Publisher : Woodhead Pub Limited
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9781782421542
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The conservation of metallic archaeological and historic artefacts is a major challenge whether they are ancient bronzes or relics of our more recent industrial past. Based on the work of Working Party 21 Corrosion of Archaeological and Historical Artefacts within the European Federation of Corrosion (EFC), this important book summarises key recent research on analytical techniques, understanding corrosion processes and preventing the corrosion of cultural heritage metallic artefacts. After an introductory part on some of the key issues in this area, part two reviews the range of analytical techniques for measuring and analysing corrosion processes, including time resolved spectroelectrochemistry, voltammetry and laser induced breakdown spectroscopy. Part three reviews different types of corrosion processes for a range of artefacts, whilst part four discusses on-site monitoring techniques. The final part of the book summaries a range of conservation techniques and strategies to conserve cultural heritage metallic artefacts. Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts is an important reference for all those involved in archaeology and conservation, including governments, museums as well as those undertaking research in archaeology and corrosion science. Summarises key research on analytical techniques for measuring and analysing corrosion processes Provides detailed understanding of corrosion processes and corrosion prevention Discusses on-site monitoring techniques

Corrosion and Metal Artifacts A Dialogue Between Conservators and Archaeologists and Corrosion Scientists

Corrosion and Metal Artifacts  A Dialogue Between Conservators and Archaeologists and Corrosion Scientists Book
Author : Benjamin Floyd Brown,United States National Bureau of Stand
Publisher : Franklin Classics Trade Press
Release : 2018-11-13
ISBN : 9780353606401
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. To ensure a quality reading experience, this work has been proofread and republished using a format that seamlessly blends the original graphical elements with text in an easy-to-read typeface. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book
Author : J. Monnier,I. Guillot,L. Legrand,P. Dillmann
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128091339
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The authors consider the case of iron atmospheric corrosion to illustrate the possibility of developing a conservation diagnosis for a given material in a given environment. In the particular case of iron atmospheric corrosion, samples from the site of the Amiens Cathedral in the North of France have been characterised in order to identify the different phases constituting the corrosion product layers. The layers consist of a matrix of iron oxy-hydroxide goethite embedded with several ferrihydrite marblings. Other phases such as as lepidocrocite, maghemite and akaganeite are present in minor quantities. A degradation index is first defined from the phase proportions and from the intrinsic electrochemical properties of those phases. Further, the electrochemical reactivity of scratched rust powders has been studied to define a second degradation index. From these two degradation indices a first step towards a corrosion diagnosis method is proposed.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book
Author : P. Vassiliou,V. Gouda
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128091304
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of silver in ancient civilisations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Ionia, Greece, Rome and China is presented. Principles of silver corrosion in different environments containing humidity, oxygen, carbonates, sulphur, chlorides, peroxides, ozone and UV, and the morphology of the corrosion layers are described. Cleaning, anti-tarnishing and protection methods are explained. Inhibitor hexadecanethiol (HDT) and a composite coating of Paraloid B-72 containing 2% nano-alumina pigment are tested on silver specimens with tarnished and corroded surfaces and found to be protective when exposed in sulphides and chloride environments in the laboratory, satisfying aesthetic and reversibility criteria.

Microorganisms in the Deterioration and Preservation of Cultural Heritage

Microorganisms in the Deterioration and Preservation of Cultural Heritage Book
Author : Edith Joseph
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-05
ISBN : 3030694119
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book offers a comprehensive overview of the role and potential of microorganisms in the degradation and preservation of cultural materials (e.g. stone, metals, graphic documents, textiles, paintings, glass, etc.). Microorganisms are a major cause of deterioration in cultural artefacts, both in the case of outdoor monuments and archaeological finds. This book covers the microorganisms involved in biodeterioration and control methods used to reduce their impact on cultural artefacts. Additionally, the reader will learn more about how microorganisms can be used for the preservation and protection of cultural artefacts through bio-based and eco-friendly materials. New avenues for developing methods and materials for the conservation of cultural artefacts are discussed, together with concrete advances in terms of sustainability, effectiveness and toxicity, making the book essential reading for anyone interested in microbiology and the preservation of cultural heritage.