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Corrosion in Refineries

Corrosion in Refineries Book
Author : J Harston
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-01-23
ISBN : 1845693248
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion in ageing refinery plant presents a serious safety hazard. This important book summarises key research into corrosion processes in refinery equipment, how it can be measured and controlled. The book reviews factors affecting corrosion such as carburisation and metal dusting as well as corrosion in steel and other materials used in refinery technology. It considers corrosion in a range of refinery equipment such as storage tanks, HF alkylation units, sour water strippers and insulated units. Other chapters discuss ways of testing for corrosion and cracking in refineries together with integrity and life cycle assessment techniques. There is also coverage of ways of trouble-shooting corrosion problems and preventative measures such as coating systems. With its distinguished editor and team of contributors, Corrosion in refineries is a valuable reference for all those concerned with building and maintaining refineries in the petrochemical industry. Summarises key research into corrosion processes in refinery equipment Discusses ways of testing for corrosion and cracking in refineries

Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry

Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry Book
Author : Alec Groysman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-24
ISBN : 3319452568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses corrosion problems and their solutions at facilities in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, including cooling water and boiler feed water units. Further, it describes and analyzes corrosion control actions, corrosion monitoring, and corrosion management. Corrosion problems are a perennial issue in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, as they lead to a deterioration of the functional properties of metallic equipment and harm the environment – both of which need to be protected for the sake of current and future generations. Accordingly, this book examines and analyzes typical and atypical corrosion failure cases and their prevention at refineries and petrochemical facilities, including problems with: pipelines, tanks, furnaces, distillation columns, absorbers, heat exchangers, and pumps. In addition, it describes naphthenic acid corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, hydrogen damages, sulfidic corrosion, microbiologically induced corrosion, erosion-corrosion, and corrosion fatigue occurring at refinery units. At last, fouling, corrosion and cleaning are discussed in this book.

Corrosion in Refineries

Corrosion in Refineries Book
Author : John D. Harston,François Ropital
Publisher : Woodhead Pub Limited
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9781845692339
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion in ageing refinery plant presents a serious safety hazard. This important book summarises key research into corrosion processes in refinery equipment, how it can be measured and controlled. The book reviews factors affecting corrosion such as carburisation and metal dusting as well as corrosion in steel and other materials used in refinery technology. It considers corrosion in a range of refinery equipment such as storage tanks, HF alkylation units, sour water strippers and insulated units. Other chapters discuss ways of testing for corrosion and cracking in refineries together with integrity and life cycle assessment techniques. There is also coverage of ways of trouble-shooting corrosion problems and preventative measures such as coating systems. With its distinguished editor and team of contributors, Corrosion in refineries is a valuable reference for all those concerned with building and maintaining refineries in the petrochemical industry. Summarises key research into corrosion processes in refinery equipment Discusses ways of testing for corrosion and cracking in refineries

Amine Unit Corrosion in Refineries

Amine Unit Corrosion in Refineries Book
Author : J Harston,F Ropital
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-04-18
ISBN : 184569323X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The corrosion of carbon steels in amine units used for gas treatment in refining operations is a major problem for the petrochemical industry. Maximising amine unit reliability, together with improving throughput, circulation and treatment capacity, requires more effective ways of measuring and predicting corrosion rates. However, there has been a lack of data on corrosion. This valuable report helps to remedy this lack of information by summarising findings from over 30 plants. It covers such amine types as methyl diethanolamine (MDEA), diethanolamine (DEA), monoethanolamine (MEA) and di-isopropanolamine (DIPA), and makes recommendations on materials and process parameters to maximise amine unit efficiency and reliability. Covers such amine types as Methyl Diethanolamine (MDEA) and Di-isopropanolamine Makes recommendations on materials and process parameters to maximise amine unit efficiency and reliability

Corrosion related Accidents in Petroleum Refineries

Corrosion related Accidents in Petroleum Refineries Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9789279346521
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Petroleum refineries are generally acknowledged to be high hazard sites due to the nature of petroleum products and the processing technologies that produce them in the current era. For the most part, however, the risks are well-known and refinery operators have applied considerable knowledge and resources over the past decades to control and minimize risk potential. Nonetheless, major accidents in refineries tend to regularly occur with impacts not only on human health and the environment, but also in many cases on social and economic well-being. A recurring cause of accidents in petroleum refineries is well-known to be corrosion. This report studies corrosion-related accidents in refineries within the European Union (EU) and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), comparing accident occurring before and after 2000 and with the view to providing insights into recent causal trends and identifying lessons learned that could influence prevention strategies in future. The report highlights process and equipment conditions and potential risk management failures that were cited in 99 different corrosion-related accidents occurring between 1965 and 2008. In particular, the study provides some evidence to confirm concerns among experts in both government and industry that the risk of corrosion failures causing major accidents in EU and OECD countries remains a strong area of concern. The aim of this analysis is to aid particular inspectors by providing a concise summary of refinery corrosion hazards and examples of how they have been manifested in past accidents. The findings may be also useful to operators in renewing aspects of their risk management strategy or training personnel on how to recognize and evaluate potential corrosion risks.

Oil and Gas Corrosion Prevention

Oil and Gas Corrosion Prevention Book
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2014-03-13
ISBN : 0128004150
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

According to NACE (National Association of Corrosion Engineers), the total annual cost of corrosion in petroleum refining takes up $3.7 billion in the US alone. Corrosion control is always a challenge for the downstream industry, but as the quality of feedstock is declining due to refineries accepting more of the heavy and shale gas and oil resources that are more readily available today, refinery managers, petroleum and natural gas engineers are unprepared for the new set of corrosion problems that are showing up in their equipment and processing units. Oil and Gas Corrosion Prevention: From Surface Facilities to Refineries quickly gets the engineer and manager up to speed on the latest types of corrosion common for these lower grade crude oils and gases as well as the best prevention methods for all of the major sections of the refinery, especially desalting and sulfur recovery units, which are the most common problem areas for unconventional feedstocks. Also covering the unique midstream sections, or point of entry to the refinery, as well as the major critical refinery equipment, Oil and Gas Corrosion Prevention: From Surface Facilities to Refineries offers the perfect quick cross-reference for the oil and gas community. Gets engineers and managers up to speed on the latest types of corrosion common for lower grade crude oils and gases Provides the best prevention methods for all of the major sections of the refinery, especially desalting and sulfur recovery units Covers additional topics such as unique midstream sections, or point of entry to the refinery, as well as major critical refinery equipment

Corrosion Control in Petroleum Refineries

Corrosion Control in Petroleum Refineries Book
Author : National Association of Corrosion Engineers
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984*
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Corrosion Control in Petroleum Refineries book written by National Association of Corrosion Engineers, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Collected NACE Papers on Corrosion Control in Petroleum Refineries

Collected NACE Papers on Corrosion Control in Petroleum Refineries Book
Author : National Association of Corrosion Engineers
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Collected NACE Papers on Corrosion Control in Petroleum Refineries book written by National Association of Corrosion Engineers, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry Second Edition

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry  Second Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2015-12-01
ISBN : 1627080945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Originally published in 1994, this second edition of Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry collects peer-reviewed articles written by experts in the field of corrosion that were specifically chosen for this book because of their relevance to the petrochemical industry. This edition expands coverage of the different forms of corrosion, including the effects of metallurgical variables on the corrosion of several alloys. It discusses protection methods, including discussion of corrosion inhibitors and corrosion resistance of aluminum, magnesium, stainless steels, and nickels. It also includes a section devoted specifically to petroleum and petrochemical industry related issues.

Guidelines for Avoiding Sulfidation sulfidic Corrosion Failures in Oil Refineries

Guidelines for Avoiding Sulfidation  sulfidic  Corrosion Failures in Oil Refineries Book
Author : American Petroleum Institute
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Guidelines for Avoiding Sulfidation sulfidic Corrosion Failures in Oil Refineries book written by American Petroleum Institute, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Laboratory Study of High Temperature Corrosion in Petroleum Refineries

Laboratory Study of High Temperature Corrosion in Petroleum Refineries Book
Author : Nana Li
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Laboratory Study of High Temperature Corrosion in Petroleum Refineries book written by Nana Li, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Conference on the Condition Monitoring and Corrosion Prevention in Refineries and Petrochemical Plant

Conference on the Condition Monitoring and Corrosion Prevention in Refineries and Petrochemical Plant Book
Author : Brintex Ltd., London (GB)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Conference on the Condition Monitoring and Corrosion Prevention in Refineries and Petrochemical Plant book written by Brintex Ltd., London (GB), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fouling in Refineries

Fouling in Refineries Book
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2015-05-14
ISBN : 0128011459
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fouling in Refineries is an important and ongoing problem that directly affects energy efficiency resulting in increased costs, production losses, and even unit shutdown, requiring costly expenditures to clean up equipment and return capacity to positive levels. This text addresses this common challenge for the hydrocarbon processing community within each unit of the refinery. As refineries today face a greater challenge of accepting harder to process heavier crudes and the ongoing flow of the lighter shale oil feedstocks, resulting in bigger challenges to balance product stability within their process equipment, this text seeks to inform all relative refinery personnel on how to monitor fouling, characterize the deposits, and follow all available treatments. With basic modeling and chemistry of fouling and each unit covered, users will learn how to operate at maximum production rates and elongate the efficiency of their refinery’s capacity. Presents an understanding of the breakdown of fouling per refinery unit, including distillation and coking units Provides all the factors, crude types, and refining blends that cause fouling, especially the unconventional feedstocks and high acid crudes used today Helps users develop an analysis-based treatment and control strategy that empowers them to operate refinery equipment at a level that prevents fouling from occurring

Understanding Naphthenic Acid Corrosion in Refinery Settings

Understanding Naphthenic Acid Corrosion in Refinery Settings Book
Author : Brian Neil Patrick
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Naphthenic acid corrosion has plagued refineries for nearly a century. However, the vast majority of naphthenic acid corrosion research to date is solely focused on remediation, and not understanding the fundamental mechanism of corrosion. To further the current state of understanding in order to mitigate corrosion, experiments were performed to address the corrosion mechanism of iron, as well as of the ferrous alloying elements. In addition, electrochemical methods were used to determine the presence of acids within nonpolar solvents, such as a crude. The structure of the acids in solution was studied with FT-IR and Raman spectroscopy to understand how the acids self-associate as a function of temperature, concentration and presence of a metal. The results have yielded that iron corrodes via an etch pitting mechanism. In addition, this work has determined that the mechanism of resistance of chromium and molybdenum are their passive films, and that these metals are susceptible to naphthenic acid attack if the passive films break down. The mechanism of resistance of these elements provides insight into the failure mode of 304 and the 400 series stainless steels in naphthenic acid service. A particular result of interest is that nickel catalytically decomposes naphthenic acids at high temperatures (e.g. 270°C) via a catalytic mechanism. Finally, a palladium hydride reference electrode was developed that functions in aprotic solvents, and an ionic liquid was synthesized that allowed for the electrochemical detection of naphthenic acids in toluene.

Applied Metallurgy and Corrosion Control

Applied Metallurgy and Corrosion Control Book
Author : Amiya Kumar Lahiri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-08
ISBN : 9789811046834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book serves as a comprehensive resource on metals and materials selection for the petrochemical industrial sector. The petrochemical industry involves large scale investments, and to maintain profitability the plants are to be operated with minimum downtime and failure of equipment, which can also cause safety hazards. To achieve this objective proper selection of materials, corrosion control, and good engineering practices must be followed in both the design and the operation of plants. Engineers and professional of different disciplines involved in these activities are required to have some basic understanding of metallurgy and corrosion. This book is written with the objective of servings as a one-stop shop for these engineering professionals. The book first covers different metallic materials and their properties, metal forming processes, welding, and corrosion and corrosion control measures. This is followed by considerations in material selection and corrosion control in three major industrial sectors, oil & gas production, oil refinery, and fertilizers. The importance of pressure vessel codes as well as inspection and maintenance repair practices have also been highlighted. The book will be useful for technicians and entry level engineers in these industrial sectors. Additionally, the book may also be used as primary or secondary reading for graduate and professional coursework.

Corrosion in an Oil Refinery

Corrosion in an Oil Refinery Book
Author : H. F. Perkins,American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1926
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Corrosion in an Oil Refinery book written by H. F. Perkins,American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Corrosion of Refinery Equipment

Corrosion of Refinery Equipment Book
Author : Gustav Egloff
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1928*
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Corrosion of Refinery Equipment book written by Gustav Egloff, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Corrosion of Oil Refinery Materials Due to Biodiesel

Corrosion of Oil Refinery Materials Due to Biodiesel Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Corrosion of Oil Refinery Materials Due to Biodiesel book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Protection of Austenitic Stainless Steel in Refineries Against Stress Corrosion Cracking by Use of Neutralizing Solutions During Shut Down

Protection of Austenitic Stainless Steel in Refineries Against Stress Corrosion Cracking by Use of Neutralizing Solutions During Shut Down Book
Author : National Association of Corrosion Engineers
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1970
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Protection of Austenitic Stainless Steel in Refineries Against Stress Corrosion Cracking by Use of Neutralizing Solutions During Shut Down book written by National Association of Corrosion Engineers, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.