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Corrosion By Carbon And Nitrogen

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Corrosion by Carbon and Nitrogen

Corrosion by Carbon and Nitrogen Book
Author : H Grabke,M Schütze
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-01-23
ISBN : 1845693353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal dusting is a form of corrosion involving the disintegration of metals and alloys into a dust of graphite and metal particles when exposed to a carburizing atmosphere. This important book reviews the factors affecting metal dusting and how it can be prevented in sectors such as the chemical and petrochemical industries and in the direct reduction of iron ores. It also considers the related corrosion phenomena of carburization and nitridation. After an introductory chapter setting out the key processes involved in metal dusting, the book reviews how this corrosion process affects a range of metals such as iron and steel, as well as nickel-based and chromium-based high-temperature alloys. There are chapters on the effects of particular gas mixtures on the corrosion process and on the use of coatings to prevent metal dusting. Processes involved in carburization and nitridation are also described and discussed. With its distinguished editors and team of contributors, Corrosion by carbon and nitrogen is a valuable reference for all those concerned with understanding and preventing these corrosion processes in various industries. Reviews this corrosion process and how it affects the petrochemical and other industries Discusses the effect of particular gas mixtures on the corrosion process

Corrosion by Carbon and Nitrogen

Corrosion by Carbon and Nitrogen Book
Author : H. Grabke,Michael Schutze
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-06-25
ISBN : 9781420058949
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A valuable reference, this book reviews the factors affecting metal dusting and how it can be prevented in sectors such as the chemical and petrochemical industries and in the direct reduction of iron ores. It also considers the related corrosion phenomena of carburization and nitridation. After setting out the key processes involved in metal dusting, the book reviews how this corrosion process affects a range of metals such as iron and steel, as well as nickel-based and chromium-based high-temperature alloys. It covers the effects of particular gas mixtures on the corrosion process and on the use of coatings to prevent metal dusting. Processes involved in carburization and nitridation are also described and discussed.

Nitrogen Tetroxide Corrosion Studies

Nitrogen Tetroxide Corrosion Studies Book
Author : Allied Chemical Corporation. Nitrogen Division
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1960
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this investigation was to determine quantitatively the corrosive effects of nitrogen tetroxide on mild steel, aluminum, stainless steels, and titanium. This was done under static conditions at six water concentrations up to 3.2 wt percent and four temperatures up to 74 degrees C. The corrosion rates under dynamic flow conditions were also investigated. The corrosion of carbon steel (ASTM A-285 Grade C) and aluminum (5086) was less than 0.5 mil per year in nitrogen tetroxide containing up to 0.21 wt percent water at 74 degrees C, increasing to 50 mils per year at 3.2 wt percent water and 74 degrees C. Negligible corrosion was observed under severe conditions with stainless steel (304-L) and titanium 75A and 6A1-4V) whereas high strength corrosion cracking was observed in tests of carbon steel, high strength steel or aluminum in nitrogen tetroxide containing 0.1 and 1.6 wt percent water at 49 degrees C. Significiant corrosion of stainless steel (304-L) occurred in the presence of Teflon. Dynamic tests showed no significant corrosion of 304-L and PH15-7 Mo stainless steels and average rates of 0.05 mils per year for aluminum and 0.33 mils per year for carbon steel after 205 hours exposure to commercial nitrogen tetroxide flowing at velocity of 10 ft per second at 30 degrees C.

Influence of Carbon and Nitrogen Impurities on the Corrosion of Structural Materials in a Flowing lithium Environment

Influence of Carbon and Nitrogen Impurities on the Corrosion of Structural Materials in a Flowing lithium Environment Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical interactions involving nonmetallic elements play a dominant role in the corrosion behavior of ferrous and vanadium base alloys in lithium. Metallographic evaluations of the surface morphology and compositional changes of lithium-exposed ferrous and vanadium alloys are presented. Data on the corrosion behavior of several ferritic, austenitic, and vanadium-based structural materials in flowing lithium are reviewed and the effects of nonmetallic elements on corrosion are discussed. 11 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

The Effect of Oxygen Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide on Filiform Corrosion

The Effect of Oxygen  Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide on Filiform Corrosion Book
Author : Edmond James Chan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1963
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Effect of Oxygen Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide on Filiform Corrosion book written by Edmond James Chan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Corrosion Science and Technology

Advances in Corrosion Science and Technology Book
Author : Mars G. Fontana,Roger W. Staehle
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 146158258X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This series was organized to provide a forum for review papers in the area of corrosion. The aim of these reviews is to bring certain areas of corrosion science and technology into a sharp focus. The volumes of this series are published approximately on a yearly basis and each contains three to five reviews. The articles in each volume are sekcted in such a way as to be of interest both to the corrosion scientists and the corrosion technologists. There is, in fact, a particular aim in juxtaposing these interests because of the importance of mutual interaction and interdisciplinarity so important in corrosion studies. It is hoped that the corrosion scientists in this way may stay abreast of the activities in corrosion technology and vice versa. In this series the term "corrosion" is used in its very broadest sense. It includes, therefore, not only the degradation of metals in aqueous en vironment but also what is commonly referred to as "high-temperature oxidation. " Further, the plan is to be even more general than these topics; the series will include all solids and all environments. Today, engineering solids include not only metals but glasses, ionic solids, polymeric solids, and composites of these. Environments of interest must be extended to liquid metals, a wide variety of gases, nonaqueous electrolytes, and other non aqueous liquids.

Evaluation of Corrosion Inhibitors for Reducing Corrosion of Mild Steel in Nitrogen Fertilizer Solutions

Evaluation of Corrosion Inhibitors for Reducing Corrosion of Mild Steel in Nitrogen Fertilizer Solutions Book
Author : D. T. Nguyen,David E. Nichols
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Evaluation of Corrosion Inhibitors for Reducing Corrosion of Mild Steel in Nitrogen Fertilizer Solutions book written by D. T. Nguyen,David E. Nichols, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Corrosion and Corrosion Control

Corrosion and Corrosion Control Book
Author : R. Winston Revie
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-05-16
ISBN : 9780470277256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The classic book on corrosion science and engineering—now in a valuable new edition The ability to prevent failures by managing corrosion is one of the main global challengesof the twenty-first century. However, most practicing engineers and technologists have only a basic understanding of how they can actively participate in this urgent economic and environmental issue. Now, students and professionals can turn to this newly revised edition of the trusted Corrosion and Corrosion Control for coverage of the latest developments in the field, including advances in knowledge, new alloys for corrosion control, and industry developments in response to public demand. This Fourth Edition presents an updated overview of the essential aspects of corrosion science and engineering that underpin the tools and technologies used for managing corrosion, enhancing reliability, and preventing failures. Although the basic organization of the book remains unchanged from the previous edition, this new update includes: An introduction to new topics, including the element of risk management in corrosion engineering and new advanced alloys for controlling corrosion Expanded discussions on electrochemical polarization, predicting corrosion using thermodynamics, steel reinforcements in concrete, and applications of corrosion control technologies in automotive, nuclear, and other industries A stronger emphasis on environmental concerns and regulations in the context of their impact on corrosion engineering A discussion of the challenge of reliability in nuclear reactors; stainless steels; the concept of critical pitting temperature; and information on critical pitting potential (CPP) Complemented with numerous examples to help illustrate important points, Corrosion and Corrosion Control, Fourth Edition enables readers to fully understand corrosion and its control and, in turn, help reduce massive economic and environmental loss. It is a must-read for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in engineering and materials science courses, as well as for engineers, technologists, researchers, and other professionals who need information on this timely topic.

High Nitrogen Steels

High Nitrogen Steels Book
Author : Valentin G. Gavriljuk,Hans Berns
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 3662037602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Basic research and new manufacturing methods have led to high nitrogen steels (HNS), a promising new group of materials for use in advanced applications in mechanical and chemical engineering. The book deals with the atomic structure, constitution, properties, manufacturing and application of martensitic, austenitic, duplex and dualphase steels of superior strength and corrosion resistance. Combining metallurgy and engineering aspects. It gives a detailed overview and presents new results on HNS. The book is intended for scientists as well as technologists, who will find stimulating information.

Stainless Steels

Stainless Steels Book
Author : Joseph R. Davis
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 1994-01-01
ISBN : 9780871705037
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ASM Specialty Handbook® Stainless Steels The best single-volume reference on the metallurgy, selection, processing, performance, and evaluation of stainless steels, incorporating essential information culled from across the ASM Handbook series. Includes additional data and reference information carefully selected and adapted from other authoritative ASM sources.

A Study of the Corrosion and Passive States of Zino Lead and Tin in the System Water Oxygen Nitrogen Carbon Dioxide

A Study of the Corrosion and Passive States of Zino  Lead and Tin in the System Water Oxygen Nitrogen Carbon Dioxide Book
Author : Rolf Uggla
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1959
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Study of the Corrosion and Passive States of Zino Lead and Tin in the System Water Oxygen Nitrogen Carbon Dioxide book written by Rolf Uggla, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Effect of Nitrogen on the Sensitization Corrosion and Mechanical Properties of 18Cr 8ni Stainless Steels

Effect of Nitrogen on the Sensitization  Corrosion  and Mechanical Properties of 18Cr 8ni Stainless Steels Book
Author : JJ. Eckenrod,CW. Kovach
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern stainless steel melting and refining techniques now make it possible to consider nitrogen as an economic and controllable alloying addition to 18Cr-8Ni austenitic stainless steels. Studies show that nitrogen additions of up to about 0.16 percent to 18Cr-8Ni steels can result in some improved properties. Nitrogen is a strong strengthening element to 18Cr-8Ni steels and will increase yield strength by about 5.5 to 6.2 MPa (800 to 900 lb/in.2) for each 0.01 percent nitrogen. Isothermal time-temperature sensitization (TTS) diagrams developed for 18Cr-8Ni steels containing about 0.05 percent carbon and up to 0.25 percent nitrogen indicate that nitrogen at least up to 0.16 percent retards intergranular carbide precipitation. Corrosion tests on isothermally sensitized or welded specimens show reduced corrosion rates with nitrogen additions consistent with the TTS data. For low-carbon 18Cr-8Ni steels, nitrogen additions up to 0.15 percent have no apparent effect on the normally excellent sensitization resistance of these steels, at least as measured by corrosion tests on isothermally heated or welded specimens. Nitrogen additions were also found to improve pitting and crevice corrosion resistance as evaluated in anodic polarization or chloride pitting/crevice corrosion tests. Stress corrosion evaluations were conducted on solution-annealed material using constrained U-bend specimens in both severe and milder environments. The results indicated that nitrogen content up to 0.16 percent did not significantly affect stress corrosion cracking susceptibility, but 0.25 percent nitrogen appeared detrimental in some environments.

Intergranular Corrosion of Stainless Alloys

Intergranular Corrosion of Stainless Alloys Book
Author : R. F. Steigerwald
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1978
ISBN : 9780803103788
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Intergranular Corrosion of Stainless Alloys book written by R. F. Steigerwald, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1967
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Extractive Metallurgy of Molybdenum

Extractive Metallurgy of Molybdenum Book
Author : C. K. Gupta
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1992-01-13
ISBN : 9780849347580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extractive Metallurgy of Molybdenum provides an up-to-date, comprehensive account of the extraction and process metallurgy fields of molybdenum. The book covers the history of metallurgy of molybdenum from its beginnings to the present day. Topics discussed include molybdenum properties and applications, pyrometallurgy of molybdenum, hydrometallurgy of molybdenum, electrometallurgy of molybdenum, and a survey of molybdenum resources and processing. The book will be a useful reference for metallurgists, materials scientists, researchers, and students. It will also be an indispensable guide for world producers, processors, and traders of molybdenum.

Proceedings of Topical Conference on Ferritic Alloys for Use in Nuclear Energy Technologies Snowbird Utah June 19 23 1983

Proceedings of Topical Conference on Ferritic Alloys for Use in Nuclear Energy Technologies  Snowbird  Utah  June 19 23  1983 Book
Author : John Wolfersperger Davis,Donald Joseph Michel
Publisher : Tms
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings of Topical Conference on Ferritic Alloys for Use in Nuclear Energy Technologies Snowbird Utah June 19 23 1983 book written by John Wolfersperger Davis,Donald Joseph Michel, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Development of Austenitic Stainless Steels with Controlled Residual Nitrogen Content Application to Nuclear Energy

Development of Austenitic Stainless Steels with Controlled Residual Nitrogen Content  Application to Nuclear Energy Book
Author : J. Heritier,P. Rabbe
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We have developed AISI 304 and 316 grade steels which exhibit, in addition to their good mechanical properties, intergranular corrosion resistance of the 304L and 316L grades. This development of what we shall call "optimized" steels has been made possible essentially by a detailed knowledge of the respective influences of carbon and nitrogen on the mechanical properties and intergranular corrosion resistance. The method by which such optimized steels are specified, as well as the comparison of their mechanical properties with the ASME Code data, is described. It is obvious that such grades are particularly useful for nuclear applications.

Encyclopedia of Iron Steel and Their Alloys Online Version

Encyclopedia of Iron  Steel  and Their Alloys  Online Version  Book
Author : Rafael Colás,George E. Totten
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-01-06
ISBN : 1000031675
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first of many important works featured in CRC Press’ Metals and Alloys Encyclopedia Collection, the Encyclopedia of Iron, Steel, and Their Alloys covers all the fundamental, theoretical, and application-related aspects of the metallurgical science, engineering, and technology of iron, steel, and their alloys. This Five-Volume Set addresses topics such as extractive metallurgy, powder metallurgy and processing, physical metallurgy, production engineering, corrosion engineering, thermal processing, metalworking, welding, iron- and steelmaking, heat treating, rolling, casting, hot and cold forming, surface finishing and coating, crystallography, metallography, computational metallurgy, metal-matrix composites, intermetallics, nano- and micro-structured metals and alloys, nano- and micro-alloying effects, special steels, and mining. A valuable reference for materials scientists and engineers, chemists, manufacturers, miners, researchers, and students, this must-have encyclopedia: Provides extensive coverage of properties and recommended practices Includes a wealth of helpful charts, nomograms, and figures Contains cross referencing for quick and easy search Each entry is written by a subject-matter expert and reviewed by an international panel of renowned researchers from academia, government, and industry. Also Available Online This Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription, offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers, students, and librarians, including: Citation tracking and alerts Active reference linking Saved searches and marked lists HTML and PDF format options Contact Taylor and Francis for more information or to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages. US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367; (E-mail) [email protected] International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062; (E-mail) [email protected]