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Corrosion Behaviour And Protection Of Copper And Aluminium Alloys In Seawater

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Corrosion Behaviour and Protection of Copper and Aluminium Alloys in Seawater

Corrosion Behaviour and Protection of Copper and Aluminium Alloys in Seawater Book
Author : D Féron
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-05-17
ISBN : 1845693086
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Copper and aluminium alloys are widely used in marine engineering in areas such as pipelines, storage tanks, ships’ hulls and cladding for offshore structures. This important book reviews key factors affecting the corrosion and service life of these materials in the marine environment. The book is divided into five parts, with part one reviewing key aspects of the corrosion behaviour of both these alloys. Part two discusses the use of copper and copper-nickel alloys in seawater, whilst Parts 3 and 4 cover aluminium bronzes and alloys. The final section of the book covers the use of aluminium-based materials as anodes for the cathodic protection of marine structures. Corrosion behaviour and protection of copper and aluminium alloys in seawater is an important reference for marine engineers concerned with the corrosion and service life of these materials. Reviews key factors affecting the corrosion and service life of copper and aluminium alloys Discusses the use of the alloys in seawater

Advances in Marine Antifouling Coatings and Technologies

Advances in Marine Antifouling Coatings and Technologies Book
Author : Claire Hellio,Diego Yebra
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-05-22
ISBN : 184569631X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marine biofouling can be defined as the undesirable accumulation of microorganisms, algae and animals on structures submerged in seawater. From the dawn of navigation, marine biofouling has been a major problem for shipping in such areas as reduced speed, higher fuel consumption and increased corrosion. It also affects industries using off-shore structures such as oil and gas production and aquaculture. Growing concerns about the environmental impact of antifouling coatings has led to major new research to develop more environmentally-friendly alternatives. Advances in marine antifouling coatings and technologies summaries this wealth of research and its practical implications. This book is divided into four sub-sections which discuss: marine fouling organisms and their impact, testing and development of antifouling coatings, developments in chemically-active marine antifouling technologies, and new surface approaches to the control of marine biofouling. It provides an authoritative overview of the recent advances in understanding the biology of fouling organisms, the latest developments on antifouling screening techniques both in the field and in the laboratory, research on safer active compounds and the progress on nontoxic coatings with tailor-made surface properties. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Advances in marine antifouling coatings and technologies is a standard reference for manufacturers of marine antifouling solutions, the shipping industry, oil and gas producers, aquaculture and other industries using offshore structures, and academics researching this important area. Assesses marine antifouling organisms and their impact, including a historical review and directions for future research Discusses developments in antifouling coatings examining chemically-active and new surface approaches Reviews the environmentally friendly alternative of safer active compounds and the progress of non-toxic compounds

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Nickel Based Alloys in Water cooled Nuclear Reactors

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Nickel Based Alloys in Water cooled Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : Damien Feron,Roger W Staehle
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-01-30
ISBN : 0081000626
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Nickel Based Alloys in Water-Cooled Nuclear Reactors: The Coriou Effect presents the latest information on brittle failure of metals in corrosive chemical environments under the influence of tensile stresses. Nickel alloys are more resistant to SCC as well as high temperatures and have been widely used in more challenging environments such as nuclear power plants. However, these alloys can suffer SCC under certain conditions, resulting in component failure. A key figure in understanding the mechanisms of SCC in nickel alloys in water-cooled nuclear reactors is Henri Coriou of the CEA, France’s leading center for nuclear research. This book assesses his work in the context of the latest research on SCC in nickel alloys in nuclear power plants. Up-to-date reviews of recent research findings from leading experts in the field Authoritative and comprehensively reviewed by the Working Party 4 on Nuclear Corrosion Showcases the excellent quality and technical accomplishments of Henri Coriou and CEA

Novel Approaches to Improving High Temperature Corrosion Resistance

Novel Approaches to Improving High Temperature Corrosion Resistance Book
Author : M Schütze,W Quadakkers
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-05-29
ISBN : 1845694473
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-temperature corrosion is a major problem affecting sectors such as the power generation, aerospace and metal-working industries. This important book summarises a wide range of research on ways of dealing with this important problem. The first part of the book reviews ways of modifying alloys to improve high-temperature corrosion resistance. The second part discusses surface treatments such as pre-treatments and coatings. The third part of the book summarises research on testing for high-temperature corrosion resistance and the development of common testing standards. It also reviews research on the behaviour of alloys in a wide range of service conditions such as furnace and boiler environments. The final part of the book discusses ways of modelling high-temperature corrosion processes to improve material performance and service life. With its distinguished editors and team of contributors drawn from some of the leading centres of research in the field, Novel approaches to improving high-temperature corrosion resistance is a standard reference for all those studying and dealing with high-temperature corrosion. Summarises a wide range of research on ways of dealing with high-temperature corrosion Discusses ways of modelling high-temperature corrosion processes to improve material performance and service life A standard reference for all those studying and dealing with high-temperature corrosion

Corrosion Under Insulation CUI Guidelines

Corrosion Under Insulation  CUI  Guidelines Book
Author : Gino De Landtsheer
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-08-22
ISBN : 0128233362
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI) Guidelines: Technical Guide for Managing CUI, Third Edition, Volume 55 builds upon the success of the first two editions to provide a fully up-to-date, practical source of information on how to monitor and manage insulated systems. In the first edition of this book published in 2008, the EFC Working Parties WP13 and WP15 engaged together to provide guidelines on managing CUI with contributions from a number of European refining, petrochemical, and offshore companies. The guidelines were intended for use on all plants and installations that contain insulated vessels, piping, and equipment, and cover a risk-based inspection methodology for CUI, inspection techniques, and recommended best practices for mitigating CUI. The guidelines include design of plant and equipment, coatings and the use of thermal spray techniques, types of insulation, cladding/jacketing materials, and protection guards. Corrosion-under-insulation (CUI) refers to the external corrosion of piping and vessels that occurs underneath externally clad/jacketed insulation as a result of the penetration of water. By its very nature CUI tends to remain undetected until the insulation and cladding/jacketing is removed to allow inspection, or when leaks occur. CUI is a common problem shared by the refining, petrochemical, power, industrial, onshore and offshore industries. Provides revised and updated technical guidance on managing CUI provided by EFC Working Parties 13 and 15 Discusses the standard approach to risk based inspection methodology Presents the argument that CUI is everywhere, and looks at mitigating actions that can be started from the onset Includes a wide array of concepts of corrosion mitigation

Innovative Pre Treatment Techniques to Prevent Corrosion of Metallic Surfaces

Innovative Pre Treatment Techniques to Prevent Corrosion of Metallic Surfaces Book
Author : L Fedrizzi,H Terryn,A Simoes
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-01-23
ISBN : 184569368X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There has long been a need for effective pre-treatment techniques to prevent corrosion of metallic surfaces. This important volume discusses key research on the development of pre-treatment techniques for a range of metals. Chapters review various coatings and preparation methods for aluminium and aluminium alloys such as silane films, sol-gel coatings and magnesium-rich primers. Further chapters discuss the pre-treatment methods for steel, copper and magnesium alloys. The book also assesses methods for monitoring the effectiveness of pre-treatments, covering dissolution-precipitation mechanisms and their electrochemical behaviour. Innovative pre-treatment techniques to prevent corrosion of metallic surfaces is a valuable reference for all those concerned with corrosion problems and the use of pre-treatment techniques in the coatings industry. Reviews coating and preparation methods for alluminium alloys An authoritative overview of pre-treatments for steel, copper, zinc and magnesium alloys

Corrosion in Refineries

Corrosion in Refineries Book
Author : J Harston
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-01-23
ISBN : 1845693248
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion in ageing refinery plant presents a serious safety hazard. This important book summarises key research into corrosion processes in refinery equipment, how it can be measured and controlled. The book reviews factors affecting corrosion such as carburisation and metal dusting as well as corrosion in steel and other materials used in refinery technology. It considers corrosion in a range of refinery equipment such as storage tanks, HF alkylation units, sour water strippers and insulated units. Other chapters discuss ways of testing for corrosion and cracking in refineries together with integrity and life cycle assessment techniques. There is also coverage of ways of trouble-shooting corrosion problems and preventative measures such as coating systems. With its distinguished editor and team of contributors, Corrosion in refineries is a valuable reference for all those concerned with building and maintaining refineries in the petrochemical industry. Summarises key research into corrosion processes in refinery equipment Discusses ways of testing for corrosion and cracking in refineries

Inter Laboratory Study on Electrochemical Methods for the Characterization of Cocrmo Biomedical Alloys in Simulated Body Fluids

Inter Laboratory Study on Electrochemical Methods for the Characterization of Cocrmo Biomedical Alloys in Simulated Body Fluids Book
Author : Igual A. Munoz,S. Mischler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-25
ISBN : 1000107108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This special issue of Corrosion Engineering Science and Technology is dedicated to the study of corrosion of objects from historical sites. The issue contains contributions from the 2009 EUROCORR session on Corrosion of Archaeological and Heritage Artefacts organised by the European Federation of Corrosion's working party and commissioned articles on other key issues. The objective is to give the reader a broad understanding of corrosion of ancient materials, for the most part metal but also glass. Articles shed light on a range of analytical approaches related to the study of the complex systems that make up historical artifacts. In order to arrive at an understanding of the nanometric organisation of rust layers and interphases, such studies must be approached on a macroscopic scale. Techniques used include; macrophotography, synchrotron radiation and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) that ensure results that are both exhaustive and representative of particular observations. This issue demonstrates the wealth of approaches possible in the study of the corrosion of ancient materials.

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts Book
Author : P Dillmann,G Beranger,P Piccardo,H Matthiessen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-01-23
ISBN : 1845693019
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding long term corrosion processes is critical in many areas, including archaeology and conservation. This important book reviews key themes such as the processes underlying corrosion over long periods, how corrosion rates can be measured and materials conserved. After an overview of the study and conservation of metal archaeological artefacts, a group of chapters reviews long term corrosion in metals such as steel, iron and bronze. Other chapters review the impact of environmental factors on corrosion rates. The book also considers instrumental techniques for measuring corrosion such as electrochemistry and scanning electron microscopy, as well as ways of modelling corrosion processes. There is also coverage of the effectiveness of corrosion inhibitors. With its distinguished editors and contributors, Corrosion of metallic heritage artefacts improves our understanding of long term corrosion and its effects. It provides a valuable reference for those involved in archaeology and conservation, as well as those dealing with the long term storage of nuclear and other waste. Reviews long term corrosion in metals such as steel, iron and bronze Considers instumental techniques such as electrochemistry for measuring corrosion

Corrosion Under Insulation CUI Guidelines

Corrosion Under Insulation  CUI  Guidelines Book
Author : S Winnik
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-11-26
ISBN : 0081007396
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion-under-insulation (CUI) refers to the external corrosion of piping and vessels that occurs underneath externally clad/jacketed insulation as a result of the penetration of water. By its very nature CUI tends to remain undetected until the insulation and cladding/jacketing is removed to allow inspection or when leaks occur. CUI is a common problem shared by the refining, petrochemical, power, industrial, onshore and offshore industries. In the first edition of this book published in 2008, the EFC Working Parties WP13 and WP15 engaged together to provide guidelines on managing CUI with contributions from a number of European refining, petrochemical and offshore companies. The guidelines are intended for use on all plants and installation that contain insulated vessels, piping and equipment. The guidelines cover a risk-based inspection methodology for CUI, inspection techniques and recommended best practice for mitigating CUI, including design of plant and equipment, coatings and the use of thermal spray techniques, types of insulation, cladding/jacketing materials and protection guards. The guidelines also include case studies. The original document first published in 2008 was very successful and provided an important resource in the continuing battle to mitigate CUI. Many members of the EFC corrosion community requested an update and this has taken between 18-24 months to do so. Hopefully this revised document will continue to serve the community providing a practical source of information on how to monitor and manage insulated systems. Revised and fully updated technical guidance on managing CUI provided by EFC Working Parties WP13 and WP 15 Contributions from a number of European refining, petrochemical and offshore companies Extensive appendices that provide additional practical guidance on the implementation of corrosion-under-insulation best practice, collected practical expertise and case studies

Corrosion Monitoring in Nuclear Systems EFC 56

Corrosion Monitoring in Nuclear Systems EFC 56 Book
Author : Stefan Ritter,Anders Molander
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-20
ISBN : 135145773X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion remains one of the key issues affecting the performance and availability of nuclear power plants. Therefore, reliable in-plant corrosion monitoring methods are essential both for the future operation of existing plants and to ensure the safety of future nuclear waste disposal systems. In two parts, this book was stimulated by a workshop organised by EFC Working Party 4 on Nuclear Corrosion and the European Cooperative Group on Corrosion Monitoring of Nuclear Materials (EGC-COMON). The first part deals mainly with research into the detection of stress corrosion crack initiation in nuclear power plant environments (essentially high temperature water at around 300 °C) by various methods, particularly the electrochemical noise technique but also including the electrochemical impedance, acoustic emission and direct current potential drop methods. The second part addresses the goal to develop in-situ techniques and includes examples of the application of electrochemical corrosion potential monitoring. This book will be of particular interest to scientists and engineers concerned with the mitigation of corrosion in nuclear systems.

Engineering Tools for Corrosion

Engineering Tools for Corrosion Book
Author : Luciano Lazzari
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-07-28
ISBN : 0081024258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineering Tools for Corrosion: Design and Diagnosis proposes models and equations derived from theory. It includes discussions of the estimation of main corrosion parameters for corrosion rate, electrochemical constraints, thresholds limits and initiation time. The algorithms proposed are the conjugation of theory and engineering practice resulting from research and professional activities carried out by the author for almost four decades. Presents a rational approach to the corrosion prediction and evaluation dilemma Illustrates new models and algorithms for quantitative estimation of corrosion related factors and parameters Includes the design and interpretation of accelerated corrosion tests

Corrosion and Conservation of Cultural Heritage Metallic Artefacts

Corrosion and Conservation of Cultural Heritage Metallic Artefacts Book
Author : P Dillmann,D Watkinson,E Angelini,A Adriaens
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 1782421572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The conservation of metallic archaeological and historic artefacts is a major challenge whether they are ancient bronzes or relics of our more recent industrial past. Based on the work of Working Party 21 Corrosion of Archaeological and Historical Artefacts within the European Federation of Corrosion (EFC), this important book summarises key recent research on analytical techniques, understanding corrosion processes and preventing the corrosion of cultural heritage metallic artefacts. After an introductory part on some of the key issues in this area, part two reviews the range of analytical techniques for measuring and analysing corrosion processes, including time resolved spectroelectrochemistry, voltammetry and laser induced breakdown spectroscopy. Part three reviews different types of corrosion processes for a range of artefacts, whilst part four discusses on-site monitoring techniques. The final part of the book summaries a range of conservation techniques and strategies to conserve cultural heritage metallic artefacts. Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts is an important reference for all those involved in archaeology and conservation, including governments, museums as well as those undertaking research in archaeology and corrosion science. Summarises key research on analytical techniques for measuring and analysing corrosion processes Provides detailed understanding of corrosion processes and corrosion prevention Discusses on-site monitoring techniques

Sulphur Assisted Corrosion in Nuclear Disposal Systems

Sulphur Assisted Corrosion in Nuclear Disposal Systems Book
Author : Damien Féron,Bruno Kursten,Frank Druyts
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-26
ISBN : 1000107116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the different disposal concepts for high-level nuclear waste, corrosion of the metallic barriers and in particular the overpack/container is a major issue. It is imperative for performance assessment to predict the lifetime of these containers. In the lifetime prediction of metallic barriers for the disposal of high level nuclear waste (HLW) or of spent fuel, the presence of (reduced) sulphur species is an issue of growing importance, as the sulphur species are involved in localised corrosion phenomena. The international workshop on Sulphur-Assisted Corrosion in Nuclear Waste Disposal Systems (SACNUC2008) aimed to provide an exchange of information on the influence of sulphur species on the corrosion of metallic barriers. This workshop was a co-organisation of the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, SCK*CEN, and the Belgian Agency for the Management of Radioactive Waste and Enriched Fissile Materials, ONDRAF/NIRAS, under the auspices of the European Federation of Corrosion (EFC event N 311). The proceedings are divided into five chapters: Chapter 1 provides a general overview of the disposal concepts of nuclear waste and the role of corrosion. Chapter 2 explains the mechanism of sulphur-induced corrosion processes. This chapter also contains information from outside the nuclear disposal field in which sulphur is known to act as a detrimental factor (e.g. oil and gas industry). Chapter 3 addresses the role of microbial processes in sulphur-assisted corrosion. Chapter 4 covers the modelling of sulphide-assisted corrosion. Chapter 5 is devoted to a panel discussion aiming to identify open issues in the investigation of sulphur-assisted corrosion phenomena and how to incorporate these in robust lifetime prediction of metallic barriers.

Corrosion Performance of Metals for the Marine Environment EFC 63

Corrosion Performance of Metals for the Marine Environment EFC 63 Book
Author : Roger Francis
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-05-14
ISBN : 1000053989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineers with an interest in the marine environment can take advantage of many years of accumulated corrosion experience in a quick and concise manner with this publication. It covers the corrosion behavior in sea water of steel, stainless steel and cast iron as well as alloys of copper, aluminum, nickel and titanium. Applications, commonly-used alloy compositions and mechanical properties are also covered for each alloy system, plus a special section is devoted to galvanic corrosion and its avoidance.

Testing Tribocorrosion of Passivating Materials Supporting Research and Industrial Innovation

Testing Tribocorrosion of Passivating Materials Supporting Research and Industrial Innovation Book
Author : Jean-Pierre Celis
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-07-05
ISBN : 1351546945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This first edition of Testing Tribocorrosion of Passivating Materials Supporting Research and Industrial Innovation: A Handbook treats in a clear, concise, and practical manner an important material degradation and protection matter. It is designed as a handbook and provides a well structured approach of the basics needed to investigate the tribocorrosion behavior of passivating materials, and to conduct in a correct way a laboratory investigation on it. It provides answers on practical and theoretical approaches of tribocorrosion phenomena to engineers and medical persons involved with material assemblies subjected to aggressive environmental and mechanical conditions. For academic researchers it is a pertinent tool assisting them in how they can perform a tribocorrosion investigation and obtain results that are correctly interpreted and can be exchanged. Different parts of the book are illustrated with practical examples. This handbook is truly an indispensable guide for every professional who comes into contact with the complex material degradation and protection processes that take place under combined corrosion and wear conditions. Fields of interest include: transportation (aeronautics, maritime, rail, automotive), medical implants (orthopaedics, dentistry), biochemistry, food production, energy production, and machining. The coordination of this handbook writing was done by Professor Jean-Pierre Celis (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium) and Professor Pierre Ponthiaux (Ecole Centrale Paris, France) assisted by twelve European experts who contributed jointly to the nine chapters of this handbook. Main topics dealt with are tribocorrosion phenomena in medical and industrial sectors, depassivation and repassivation phenomena, impact on synergism in tribocorrosion, specific testing techniques, coupling tribology-to-corrosion, design of a testing protocol, and normalisation.

Understanding Biocorrosion

Understanding Biocorrosion Book
Author : T Liengen,R Basseguy,Damien Feron,I Beech,V Birrien
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-11-14
ISBN : 1782421254
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biocorrosion refers to corrosion influenced by bacteria adhering to surfaces in biofilms. Biocorrosion is a major problem in areas such as cooling systems and marine structures where biofilms can develop. This book summarises key recent research in this subject. Part one looks at theories of biocorrosion and measurement techniques. Part two discusses how bacteria and biofilms result in biocorrosion. The final part of the book includes case studies of biocorrosion in areas as diverse as buildings, fuels, marine environments and cooling systems. Provides a detailed overview of biocorrosion and the different scientific and/or industrial problems related to microbially induced corrosion Introduces a variety of investigative techniques and methodologies that are employed in diagnosing and evaluating microbially induced corrosion Includes case studies on: biodeterioration of building materials; biocorrosion issues associated with diesel and biofuels; marine biocorrosion; corrosion of open recirculating cooling water systems and cooling system components; the effect of H2S on steel corrosion

Corrosion by Carbon and Nitrogen

Corrosion by Carbon and Nitrogen Book
Author : H Grabke,M Schütze
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-01-23
ISBN : 1845693353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal dusting is a form of corrosion involving the disintegration of metals and alloys into a dust of graphite and metal particles when exposed to a carburizing atmosphere. This important book reviews the factors affecting metal dusting and how it can be prevented in sectors such as the chemical and petrochemical industries and in the direct reduction of iron ores. It also considers the related corrosion phenomena of carburization and nitridation. After an introductory chapter setting out the key processes involved in metal dusting, the book reviews how this corrosion process affects a range of metals such as iron and steel, as well as nickel-based and chromium-based high-temperature alloys. There are chapters on the effects of particular gas mixtures on the corrosion process and on the use of coatings to prevent metal dusting. Processes involved in carburization and nitridation are also described and discussed. With its distinguished editors and team of contributors, Corrosion by carbon and nitrogen is a valuable reference for all those concerned with understanding and preventing these corrosion processes in various industries. Reviews this corrosion process and how it affects the petrochemical and other industries Discusses the effect of particular gas mixtures on the corrosion process

Local Probe Techniques for Corrosion Research

Local Probe Techniques for Corrosion Research Book
Author : R Oltra,V Maurice,R Akid,P. Marcus
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-01-23
ISBN : 1845692594
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The effective investigation of corrosion requires the use of methods that can probe material surfaces at the atomic or molecular level and can be used in situ. This important collection reviews the range of techniques available and how they can be used to analyse different types of corrosion. A number of chapters discuss the use of scanning probe microscopy techniques such as electrochemical scanning tunnelling microscopy and atomic force microscopy (EC-STM and EC-AFM). Other chapters analyse local electrochemical techniques such as scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM), scanning vibrating electrode techniques (SVET), scanning droplet and scanning kelvin probe microscopy (SKFM), as well as microraman spectroscopy and photoelectrochemical imaging. The book reviews the application of these techniques in practice to various metals and types of coating as well as different kinds of corrosion. With its distinguished editors and team of contributors, this is a valuable reference for all those concerned with corrosion research. Discusses methods that can probe material surfaces at the atomic or molecular level A valuable reference for all those concerned with corrosion research