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Cooperation In Biological And Social Systems

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Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems Book
Author : Scholargy Publishing, Incorporated
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002-01
ISBN : 9781586669805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems book written by Scholargy Publishing, Incorporated, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Modeling Complexity in Economic and Social Systems

Modeling Complexity in Economic and Social Systems Book
Author : Frank Schweitzer
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2002-12-09
ISBN : 9814488356
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Economics and the social sciences are, in fact, the “hard” sciences, as Herbert Simon argued, because the complexity of the problems dealt with cannot simply be reduced to analytically solvable models or decomposed into separate subprocesses. Nevertheless, in recent years, the emerging interdisciplinary “sciences of complexity” have provided new methods and tools for tackling these problems, ranging from complex data analysis to sophisticated computer simulations. In particular, advanced methods developed in the natural sciences have recently also been applied to social and economic problems. The twenty-one chapters of this book reflect this modern development from various modeling perspectives (such as agent-based models, evolutionary game theory, reinforcement learning and neural network techniques, time series analysis, non-equilibrium macroscopic dynamics) and for a broad range of socio-economic applications (market dynamics, technological evolution, spatial dynamics and economic growth, decision processes, and agent societies). They jointly demonstrate a shift of perspective in economics and the social sciences that is allowing a new outlook in this field to emerge. Contents:Market Dynamics:Trading Behavior and Excess Volatility in Toy Markets (M Marsili & D Challet)Percolation Models of Financial Market Dynamics (D Stauffer)Electrodynamical Model of Quasi-Efficient Financial Markets (K N Ilinski & A S Stepanenko)Multi-Agent Market Modeling of Foreign Exchange Rates (G Zimmermann et al.)Forecasting Price Increments Using an Artificial Neural Network (F Castiglione)Spectral Regularization, Data Complexity and Agent Behavior (A Ilyinsky)Technological Evolution:Dynamics of Economic and Technological Search Processes in Complex Adaptive Landscapes (W Ebeling et al.)New Results in a Self-Organized Model of Technological Evolution (A Arenas et al.)Firms' Decision-Making Process in an Evolutionary Model of Industrial Dynamics (W Kwasnicki)Spatial Dynamics and Economic Growth:Modelling Migration and Economic Agglomeration with Active Brownian Particles (F Schweitzer)The Evolution of Industrial Clusters — Simulating Spatial Dynamics (T Brenner & N Weigelt)The Growth Dynamics of German Business Firms (J Voit)A Dynamic Theory of a Firm: An Application of ‘Economic Forces’ (M Estola)Decision Processes:Adaptive Platform Dynamics in Multi-Party Spatial Voting (B M R Stadler)Subtle Nonlinearity in Popular Album Charts (R A Bentley & H D G Maschner)Dynamical Aspects in the Adoption of Agri-Environmental Measures (G Weisbuch & G Boudjema)Collective Choice and Mutual Knowledge Structures (D Richards et al.)Agent Societies:Evolutionary Study of Interethnic Co-Operation (V Kvasnicka & J Pospichal)Coalition Factor in the Evolution of Non-Kin Altruism (J-L Dessalles)Optimal Payoff Functions for Members of Collectives (D H Wolpert & K Tumer)A Day at the Beach: Human Agents Self-Organizing on the Sand Pile (H Ishii et al.) Readership: Researchers in the field of complex system science, economists, sociologists, physicists with an interdisciplinary focus, graduates, and professionals. Keywords:

Randomness Enhances Cooperation A Resonance type Phenomenon in Evolutionary Games

Randomness Enhances Cooperation  A Resonance type Phenomenon in Evolutionary Games Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022-06-29
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We investigate the effect of randomness in both relationships and decisions on the evolution of cooperation. Simulation results show, in such randomness' presence, the system evolves more frequently to a cooperative state than in its absence. Specifically, there is an optimal amount of randomness, which can induce the highest level of cooperation. The mechanism of randomness promoting cooperation resembles a resonancelike fashion, which could be of particular interest in evolutionary game dynamics in economic, biological, and social systems.

Issues in Biological Biochemical and Evolutionary Sciences Research 2011 Edition

Issues in Biological  Biochemical  and Evolutionary Sciences Research  2011 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-01-09
ISBN : 1464963703
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research. The editors have built Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Foundations of Intelligent Systems

Foundations of Intelligent Systems Book
Author : Yinglin Wang,Tianrui Li
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-11-25
ISBN : 3642256643
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Intelligent System and Knowledge Engineering presents selected papers from the conference ISKE 2011, held December 15-17 in Shanghai, China. This proceedings doesn’t only examine original research and approaches in the broad areas of intelligent systems and knowledge engineering, but also present new methodologies and practices in intelligent computing paradigms. The book introduces the current scientific and technical advances in the fields of artificial intelligence, machine learning, pattern recognition, data mining, information retrieval, knowledge-based systems, knowledge representation and reasoning, multi-agent systems, natural-language processing, etc. Furthermore, new computing methodologies are presented, including cloud computing, service computing and pervasive computing with traditional intelligent methods. The proceedings will be beneficial for both researchers and practitioners who want to utilize intelligent methods in their specific research fields. Dr. Yinglin Wang is a professor at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China; Dr. Tianrui Li is a professor at the School of Information Science and Technology, Southwest Jiaotong University, China.

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems Book
Author : Bapu Vaitla
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-09-15
ISBN : 9780128207895
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems analyzes cooperation within both biological networks and human societies. The book's approach is cross-disciplinary, focusing on key ideas and methods from genetics, biology, ecology, economics, and political science, while guiding students to make conceptual and mathematical connections between fields. The core objective of the book is to help students perceive the deep, common structure of networked interaction in nature, and to gain the tools necessary to formally analyze cooperation. The book begins by offering a conceptual and mathematical toolkit centered on game theory and network science. Readers then apply these tools to the study of biological phenomena, including genetic networks, endosymbiosis, intraspecies cooperation, and mutualisms, in the following chapters. The final portion of the book presents case studies of the most pressing problems of collective action facing global society today, including climate change, cyberterrorism, and infectious disease, applying the lessons of biological and social evolution to the search for cooperative solutions. Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems is a valuable resource for readers looking to gain further insight into biological networks and animal and human biology. This book is also helpful for students across academic disciplines aside from biology, including ecology, genetics, and political science. Describes and examines game theory and network science, providing readers with the rigorous quantitative foundation needed to link concepts across widely varying systems Structured to proceed sequentially through biological systems of increasing structural complexity, genomes, cells, organisms, ecological communities, to understand the nested nature of cooperation Includes key term lists, practice exercises, and detailed answers for reader engagement

Knowledge Management Organizational Intelligence And Learning And Complexity Volume III

Knowledge Management  Organizational Intelligence And Learning  And Complexity   Volume III Book
Author : L. Douglas Kiel
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release : 2009-08-25
ISBN : 1905839138
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Knowledge Management, Organizational Intelligence and Learning, and Complexity is the component of Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Knowledge Management, Organizational Intelligence and Learning, and Complexity in the Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources provides the latest scientific insights into the evolution of complexity in both the natural and social realms. Emerging perspectives from the fields of knowledge management, computer-based simulation and the organizational sciences are presented as tools for understanding and supporting this evolving complexity and the earth's life support systems. These three volumes are aimed at the following a wide spectrum of audiences from the merely curious to those seeking in-depth knowledge: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Organization Theory by Chester Barnard

Organization Theory by Chester Barnard Book
Author : Kazuhito Isomura
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-26
ISBN : 9811592063
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book helps undergraduate and graduate students understand Chester Barnard’s organization theory. Barnard’s book The Functions of the Executive is a classic that, along with Herbert Simon’s Administrative Behavior, is often considered to be essential reading for management students. However, it is well known to be difficult and abstract. Offering a systematic overview, this book provides an excellent introduction to Barnard’s organization theory. Chester Barnard’s concept of formal organization is often cited as a definitive opus on the subject of organization. However, he provided other concepts of organization, such as cooperative systems, complex formal organizations, and informal organizations. In his second book, Organization and Management, he added two more concepts, lateral organizations and status systems, allowing researchers to gain a better understanding of how Barnard developed his organization theory after his first publication. Barnard was a successful practitioner as well as a theorist, and his organization theory is full of practical insights gained from managing various types of organizations, including NGOs and NPOs. This book discusses how Barnard’s organization theory can be applied to business practices in the context of exploring a new style of management, and provides suggestions for business people seeking innovations for their own organizations.

Cooperation and Its Evolution

Cooperation and Its Evolution Book
Author : Kim Sterelny,Richard Joyce,Brett Calcott,Ben Fraser
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2013-02-22
ISBN : 0262018535
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Essays from a range of disciplinary perspectives show the central role that cooperation plays in structuring our world. This collection reports on the latest research on an increasingly pivotal issue for evolutionary biology: cooperation. The chapters are written from a variety of disciplinary perspectives and utilize research tools that range from empirical survey to conceptual modeling, reflecting the rich diversity of work in the field. They explore a wide taxonomic range, concentrating on bacteria, social insects, and, especially, humans. Part I ("Agents and Environments") investigates the connections of social cooperation in social organizations to the conditions that make cooperation profitable and stable, focusing on the interactions of agent, population, and environment. Part II ("Agents and Mechanisms") focuses on how proximate mechanisms emerge and operate in the evolutionary process and how they shape evolutionary trajectories. Throughout the book, certain themes emerge that demonstrate the ubiquity of questions regarding cooperation in evolutionary biology: the generation and division of the profits of cooperation; transitions in individuality; levels of selection, from gene to organism; and the "human cooperation explosion" that makes our own social behavior particularly puzzling from an evolutionary perspective.

Complex Networks Their Applications X

Complex Networks   Their Applications X Book
Author : Rosa Maria Benito
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-06-29
ISBN : 3030934098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Complex Networks Their Applications X book written by Rosa Maria Benito, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cooperative Control of Multi Agent Systems

Cooperative Control of Multi Agent Systems Book
Author : Frank L. Lewis,Hongwei Zhang,Kristian Hengster-Movric,Abhijit Das
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-12-31
ISBN : 1447155742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cooperative Control of Multi-Agent Systems extends optimal control and adaptive control design methods to multi-agent systems on communication graphs. It develops Riccati design techniques for general linear dynamics for cooperative state feedback design, cooperative observer design, and cooperative dynamic output feedback design. Both continuous-time and discrete-time dynamical multi-agent systems are treated. Optimal cooperative control is introduced and neural adaptive design techniques for multi-agent nonlinear systems with unknown dynamics, which are rarely treated in literature are developed. Results spanning systems with first-, second- and on up to general high-order nonlinear dynamics are presented. Each control methodology proposed is developed by rigorous proofs. All algorithms are justified by simulation examples. The text is self-contained and will serve as an excellent comprehensive source of information for researchers and graduate students working with multi-agent systems.

Learning From the Octopus

Learning From the Octopus Book
Author : Rafe Sagarin
Publisher : Hachette UK
Release : 2012-03-27
ISBN : 0465029817
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite the billions of dollars we've poured into foreign wars, homeland security, and disaster response, we are fundamentally no better prepared for the next terrorist attack or unprecedented flood than we were in 2001. Our response to catastrophe remains unchanged: add another step to airport security, another meter to the levee wall. This approach has proved totally ineffective: reacting to past threats and trying to predict future risks will only waste resources in our increasingly unpredictable world.In Learning from the Octopus, ecologist and security expert Rafe Sagarin rethinks the seemingly intractable problem of security by drawing inspiration from a surprising source: nature. Biological organisms have been living -- and thriving -- on a risk-filled planet for billions of years. Remarkably, they have done it without planning, predicting, or trying to perfect their responses to complex threats. Rather, they simply adapt to solve the challenges they continually face.Military leaders, public health officials, and business professionals would all like to be more adaptable, but few have figured out how. Sagarinargues that we can learn from observing how nature is organized, how organisms learn, how they create partnerships, and how life continually diversifies on this unpredictable planet.As soon as we dip our toes into a cold Pacific tidepool and watch what we thought was a rock turn into an octopus, jetting away in a cloud of ink, we can begin to see the how human adaptability can mimic natural adaptation. The same mechanisms that enabled the octopus's escape also allow our immune system to ward off new infectious diseases, helped soldiers in Iraq to recognize the threat of IEDs, and aided Google in developing faster ways to detect flu outbreaks. While we will never be able to predict the next earthquake, terrorist attack, or market fluctuation, nature can guide us in developing security systems that are not purely reactive but proactive, holistic, and adaptable. From the tidepools of Monterey to the mountains of Kazakhstan, Sagarin takes us on an eye-opening tour of the security challenges we face, and shows us how we might learn to respond more effectively to the unknown threats lurking in our future.

Management Thought

Management Thought Book
Author : Jayanta K Nanda
Publisher : Sarup & Sons
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9788176256230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Management Thought book written by Jayanta K Nanda, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Knowledge Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems Part IV

Knowledge Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems  Part IV Book
Author : Andreas König,Andreas Dengel,Knut Hinkelmann,Koichi Kise,Robert J. Howlett,Lakhmi C. Jain
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-09-15
ISBN : 3642238661
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The four-volume set LNAI 6881-LNAI 6884 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, KES 2011, held in Kaiserslautern, Germany, in September 2011. Part 4: The total of 244 high-quality papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The 46 papers of Part 4 are organized in topical sections on human activity support in knowledge society, knowledge-based interface systems, model-based computing for innovative engineering, document analysis and knowledge science, immunity-based systems, natural language visualisation advances in theory and application of hybrid intelligent systems.

Technosignatures for Detecting Intelligent Life in Our Universe

Technosignatures for Detecting Intelligent Life in Our Universe Book
Author : Anamaria Berea
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-06-13
ISBN : 111964089X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

TECHNOSIGNATURES FOR DETECTING INTELLIGENT LIFE IN OUR UNIVERSE This book shows the current state of the research in the field of technosignatures, presenting novel ideas from economics, forecasting, and data sciences, making it an ideal research compendium for scientists. The book summarizes the multiple interdisciplinary efforts that have contributed to the field of technosignatures. The technosignatures represent any signals that can be collected from the Universe, such as radio wavelengths, optical signals, and many more, that can be potential candidates as signals emitted intentionally from another part of the Universe that is not Earth. It shows how current advances in science, technology, and social sciences can support this effort and can be used as both a resource for the scientists in the field and as a reference for the public at large interested in the topic. It includes novel research work from economics, forecasting, and data sciences fields, as well as a deeper understanding of the role mass media and popular fiction has played in the evolution of this field. Audience The book will interest both natural scientists (astronomers and astrophysicists) and social scientists (economists), as well as the new emerging data scientists. Amateur astronomers will be attracted to the book as well.

Machine Learning for Networking

Machine Learning for Networking Book
Author : Selma Boumerdassi,Éric Renault,Paul Mühlethaler
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-19
ISBN : 3030457788
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Machine Learning for Networking, MLN 2019, held in Paris, France, in December 2019. The 26 revised full papers included in the volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 75 submissions. They present and discuss new trends in deep and reinforcement learning, patternrecognition and classi cation for networks, machine learning for network slicingoptimization, 5G system, user behavior prediction, multimedia, IoT, securityand protection, optimization and new innovative machine learning methods, performanceanalysis of machine learning algorithms, experimental evaluations ofmachine learning, data mining in heterogeneous networks, distributed and decentralizedmachine learning algorithms, intelligent cloud-support communications,ressource allocation, energy-aware communications, software de ned networks,cooperative networks, positioning and navigation systems, wireless communications,wireless sensor networks, underwater sensor networks.

Resolving Social Dilemmas

Resolving Social Dilemmas Book
Author : Margaret Foddy,Michael Smithson,Sherry Schneider,Michael A. Hogg
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2013-05-13
ISBN : 1134838816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Resolving Social Dilemmas book written by Margaret Foddy,Michael Smithson,Sherry Schneider,Michael A. Hogg, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Leading Edge Computer Science Research

Leading Edge Computer Science Research Book
Author : Susan Shannon
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9781594545269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The books in this series present leading-edge research in the field of computer research, technology and applications. Each contribution has been carefully selected for inclusion based on the significance of the research to the field. Summaries of all chapters are gathered at the beginning of the book and an in-depth index is presented to facilitate access.

The Evolution of Culture

The Evolution of Culture Book
Author : Leslie A White
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-06-16
ISBN : 1315418568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the major works of twentieth-century anthropological theory, written by one of the discipline’s most important, complex, and controversial figures, has not been in print for several years. Now Evolution of Culture is again available in paperback, allowing today’s generation of anthropologists new access to Leslie White’s crucial contribution to the theory of cultural evolution. A new, substantial introduction by Robert Carneiro and Burton J. Brown assess White’s historical importance and continuing influence in the discipline. White is credited with reintroducing evolution in a way that had a profound impact on our understanding of the relationship between technology, ecology, and culture in the development of civilizations. A materialist, he was particularly concerned with societies’ ability to harness energy as an indicator of progress, and his empirical analysis of this equation covers a vast historical span. Fearlessly tackling the most fundamental questions of culture and society during the cold war, White was frequently a lightning rod both inside and outside the academy. His book will provoke equally potent debates today, and is a key component of any course or reading list in anthropological or archaeological theory and cultural ecology.