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Cooperation In Biological And Social Systems

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Self Organisation and Evolution of Biological and Social Systems

Self Organisation and Evolution of Biological and Social Systems Book
Author : Charlotte Hemelrijk
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2005-09-29
ISBN : 9781139446198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Self-organisation of social systems can be observed at all levels of biological complexity, from cells to organisms and communities. Although individuals are governed by simple rules, their interactions with each other and their environment leads to complex patterns. Self-Organisation and Evolution of Social Systems investigates a broad spectrum of social systems ranging from those of simple single-celled organisms to those of very complex ones, such as humans. It examines groups of all sizes, from small as in certain species of primates, to very large as in some species of fish and social insects. This book deals with numerous aspects of their social organisation, including group formation, task-division, foraging, dominance interactions, infant protection, language and voting. It is recommended reading for all academic researchers and professionals interested in this fascinating field.

Modeling Complexity in Economic and Social Systems

Modeling Complexity in Economic and Social Systems Book
Author : Frank Schweitzer
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2002-12-09
ISBN : 9814488356
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Economics and the social sciences are, in fact, the “hard” sciences, as Herbert Simon argued, because the complexity of the problems dealt with cannot simply be reduced to analytically solvable models or decomposed into separate subprocesses. Nevertheless, in recent years, the emerging interdisciplinary “sciences of complexity” have provided new methods and tools for tackling these problems, ranging from complex data analysis to sophisticated computer simulations. In particular, advanced methods developed in the natural sciences have recently also been applied to social and economic problems. The twenty-one chapters of this book reflect this modern development from various modeling perspectives (such as agent-based models, evolutionary game theory, reinforcement learning and neural network techniques, time series analysis, non-equilibrium macroscopic dynamics) and for a broad range of socio-economic applications (market dynamics, technological evolution, spatial dynamics and economic growth, decision processes, and agent societies). They jointly demonstrate a shift of perspective in economics and the social sciences that is allowing a new outlook in this field to emerge. Contents:Market Dynamics:Trading Behavior and Excess Volatility in Toy Markets (M Marsili & D Challet)Percolation Models of Financial Market Dynamics (D Stauffer)Electrodynamical Model of Quasi-Efficient Financial Markets (K N Ilinski & A S Stepanenko)Multi-Agent Market Modeling of Foreign Exchange Rates (G Zimmermann et al.)Forecasting Price Increments Using an Artificial Neural Network (F Castiglione)Spectral Regularization, Data Complexity and Agent Behavior (A Ilyinsky)Technological Evolution:Dynamics of Economic and Technological Search Processes in Complex Adaptive Landscapes (W Ebeling et al.)New Results in a Self-Organized Model of Technological Evolution (A Arenas et al.)Firms' Decision-Making Process in an Evolutionary Model of Industrial Dynamics (W Kwasnicki)Spatial Dynamics and Economic Growth:Modelling Migration and Economic Agglomeration with Active Brownian Particles (F Schweitzer)The Evolution of Industrial Clusters — Simulating Spatial Dynamics (T Brenner & N Weigelt)The Growth Dynamics of German Business Firms (J Voit)A Dynamic Theory of a Firm: An Application of ‘Economic Forces’ (M Estola)Decision Processes:Adaptive Platform Dynamics in Multi-Party Spatial Voting (B M R Stadler)Subtle Nonlinearity in Popular Album Charts (R A Bentley & H D G Maschner)Dynamical Aspects in the Adoption of Agri-Environmental Measures (G Weisbuch & G Boudjema)Collective Choice and Mutual Knowledge Structures (D Richards et al.)Agent Societies:Evolutionary Study of Interethnic Co-Operation (V Kvasnicka & J Pospichal)Coalition Factor in the Evolution of Non-Kin Altruism (J-L Dessalles)Optimal Payoff Functions for Members of Collectives (D H Wolpert & K Tumer)A Day at the Beach: Human Agents Self-Organizing on the Sand Pile (H Ishii et al.) Readership: Researchers in the field of complex system science, economists, sociologists, physicists with an interdisciplinary focus, graduates, and professionals. Keywords:

Understanding Autonomous Cooperation and Control in Logistics

Understanding Autonomous Cooperation and Control in Logistics Book
Author : Michael Hülsmann,Katja Windt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-06-30
ISBN : 3540474501
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the great challenges in flexible production and supply chains is the availability of necessary information at any time and place. Autonomous logistics processes can bring about fast and flexible adaptations to change. This book identifies autonomous logistics processes and details how they differ from conventionally managed processes. Coverage also describes the changes that autonomy will cause in order processing.

Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research 2011 Edition

Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research  2011 Edition Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-01-09
ISBN : 1464963355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biological and Life Sciences Research. The editors have built Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biological and Life Sciences Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Animal Social Networks

Animal Social Networks Book
Author : Jens Krause,Richard James,Daniel W. Franks,Darren P. Croft
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2014-11-27
ISBN : 0199679053
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The scientific study of networks - computer, social, and biological - has received an enormous amount of interest in recent years. However, the network approach has been applied to the field of animal behaviour relatively late compared to many other biological disciplines. Understanding social network structure is of great importance for biologists since the structural characteristics of any network will affect its constituent members and influence a range of diverse behaviours. These include finding and choosing a sexual partner, developing and maintaining cooperative relationships, and engaging in foraging and anti-predator behavior. This novel text provides an overview of the insights that network analysis has provided into major biological processes, and how it has enhanced our understanding of the social organisation of several important taxonomic groups. It brings together researchers from a wide range of disciplines with the aim of providing both an overview of the power of the network approach for understanding patterns and process in animal populations, as well as outlining how current methodological constraints and challenges can be overcome. Animal Social Networks is principally aimed at graduate level students and researchers in the fields of ecology, zoology, animal behaviour, and evolutionary biology but will also be of interest to social scientists.

The Evolution of Social Systems

The Evolution of Social Systems Book
Author : John Paul Scott
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 1989
ISBN : 9782881243172
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First published in 1989. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Indian Ocean Histories

Indian Ocean Histories Book
Author : Rila Mukherjee,Radhika Seshan
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2019-09-05
ISBN : 100064989X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a global history of the Indian Ocean and focuses on a holistic perspective of the worlds of water. It builds on maritime historian Michael Naylor Pearson’s works, his unorthodox approach and strong influence on the study of the Indian Ocean in viewing the oceanic space as replete with human experiences and not as an artefact of empire or as the theatre of European commercial and imperial transits focused only on trade. This interdisciplinary volume presents several ways of writing the history of the Indian Ocean. The chapters explore the changing nature of Indian Ocean history through diverse themes, including state and capital, regional identities, maritime networking, South Asian immigrants, Bay of Bengal linkages, the East India Company, Indian seamen, formal and informal collaboration in imperial networking, scientific transfers, pearling, the issues of colonial copyright, customs, excise and port cities. The volume will be useful to scholars and researchers of global history, modern history, maritime history, medieval history, Indian history, colonial history and world history.

The Biology of Moral Systems

The Biology of Moral Systems Book
Author : Richard D. Alexander
Publisher : Transaction Publishers
Release : 1987
ISBN : 9780202369488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite wide acceptance that the attributes of living creatures have appeared through a cumulative evolutionary process guided chiefly by natural selection, many human activities have seemed analytically inaccessible through such an approach. Prominent evolutionary biologists, for example, have described morality as contrary to the direction of biological evolution, and moral philosophers rarely regard evolution as relevant to their discussions. The Biology of Moral Systems adopts the position that moral questions arise out of conflicts of interest, and that moral systems are ways of using confluences of interest at lower levels of social organization to deal with conflicts of interest at higher levels. Moral systems are described as systems of indirect reciprocity: humans gain and lose socially and reproductively not only by direct transactions, but also by the reputations they gain from the everyday flow of social interactions. The author develops a general theory of human interests, using senescence and effort theory from biology, to help analyze the patterning of human lifetimes. He argues that the ultimate interests of humans are reproductive, and that the concept of morality has arisen within groups because of its contribution to unity in the context, ultimately, of success in intergroup competition. He contends that morality is not easily relatable to universals, and he carries this argument into a discussion of what he calls the greatest of all moral problems, the nuclear arms race. "Crammed with sage observations on moral dilemmas and many reasons why an understanding of evolution based on natural selection will advance thinking in finding practical solutions to our most difficult social problems." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social SciencesRichard D. Alexander is Donald Ward Tinkle Professor of Evolutionary Biology, Department of Biology, and Curator of Insects, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan. A recipient of numerous awards, Dr. Alexander is the author of Darwinism and Human Affairs.

Advances in Artificial Life

Advances in Artificial Life Book
Author : Mathieu Capcarrere,Alex A. Freitas,Peter J. Bentley,Colin G. Johnson,Jon Timmis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-08-29
ISBN : 3540288481
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

TheArti?cialLifetermappearedmorethan20yearsagoinasmallcornerofNew Mexico, USA. Since then the area has developed dramatically, many researchers joining enthusiastically and research groups sprouting everywhere. This frenetic activity led to the emergence of several strands that are now established ?elds in themselves. We are now reaching a stage that one may describe as maturer: with more rigour, more benchmarks, more results, more stringent acceptance criteria, more applications, in brief, more sound science. This, which is the n- ural path of all new areas, comes at a price, however. A certain enthusiasm, a certain adventurousness from the early years is fading and may have been lost on the way. The ?eld has become more reasonable. To counterbalance this and to encourage lively discussions, a conceptual track, where papers were judged on criteria like importance and/or novelty of the concepts proposed rather than the experimental/theoretical results, has been introduced this year. A conference on a theme as broad as Arti?cial Life is bound to be very - verse,but a few tendencies emerged. First, ?elds like ‘Robotics and Autonomous Agents’ or ‘Evolutionary Computation’ are still extremely active and keep on bringing a wealth of results to the A-Life community. Even there, however, new tendencies appear, like collective robotics, and more speci?cally self-assembling robotics, which represent now a large subsection. Second, new areas appear.

Cooperation in Primates and Humans

Cooperation in Primates and Humans Book
Author : Peter M. Kappeler,Carel P. van Schaik
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-11-29
ISBN : 9783540283744
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cooperative behaviour has been one of the enigmas of evolutionary theory. This book examines the many facets of cooperative behaviour in primates and humans. It bridges the gap between parallel research in primatology and studies of humans, and highlights both common principles and aspects of human uniqueness, with respect to cooperative behaviour.

Darwin Competition Cooperation

Darwin  Competition   Cooperation Book
Author : Ashley Montagu
Publisher : Greenwood
Release : 1973
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ce rapport s'efforce de dissiper les ides fausses qui ont la vie dure en ce qui concerne les maladies cardiovasculaires, les accidents vasculaires crbraux, le cancer et d'autres maladies chroniques et qui ont conduit les dirigeants ne pas se proccuper de cette menace mondiale. En ralit 80% des 35 millions de dcs lis des maladies chroniques qui seront enregistrs cette anne se produiront dans des pays revenu faible ou intermdiaire dans lesquels les hommes et les femmes touchs par ces maladies en meurent plus jeunes que dans les pays revenu lev. Dans les dix prochaines annes, les dcs prmaturs devraient coter des milliards de dollars des pays tels que la Chine, l'Inde et la Fdration de Russie. Mais cette publication donne surtout des conseils pratiques pour rduire la mortalit et amliorer la vie de millions de personnes. Chaque pays quel que soit son niveau de revenu peut accomplir des progrs significatifs dans la prvention et la matrise des maladies chroniques. Une instance dirigeante et des interventions efficaces et peu coteuses peuvent s'avrer suffisantes cet effet.

Advancing Social Simulation The First World Congress

Advancing Social Simulation  The First World Congress Book
Author : Shingo Takahashi,David Sallach,Juliette Rouchier
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-01-08
ISBN : 9784431731672
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bringing together diverse approaches to social simulation and research agendas, this book presents a unique collection of contributions from the First World Congress on Social Simulation, held in 2006 in Kyoto, Japan. The work emerged from the collaboration of the Pacific Asian Association for Agent-Based Approach in Social Systems Sciences, the North American Association for Computational Social and Organizational Science, and the European Social Simulation Association.

Management

Management Book
Author : Harold Koontz,Cyril O'Donnell,Heinz Weihrich
Publisher : McGraw-Hill Companies
Release : 1980
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emergent Computation

Emergent Computation Book
Author : Stephanie Forrest
Publisher : Mit Press
Release : 1991
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Researchers in several fields are exploring computational systems in which interesting global behavior emerges from local interactions among component parts - an approach called emergent computation. In these systems, interactions among simultaneous computations are exploited to improve efficiency, increase flexibility, or provide more realistic models of natural phenomena. These 31 essays define and explore the concept of emergent computation in such areas as artificial networks, adaptive systems, classifier systems, connectionist learning, other learning, and biological networks to determine what properties are required of the supporting architectures that generate them. Many of the essays share the themes of design (how to construct such systems), the importance of preexisting structure to learning and the role of parallelism, and the tension between cooperative and competitive models of interaction. In the introduction, Stephanie Forrest presents several detailed examples of the kinds of problems emergent computation can address. These include showing how emergent computation can lead to efficiency improvements in parallel processing, establishing the connection between emergent computation and nonlinear systems, and comparing two search techniques to show how the emergent-computational approach to a problem differs from other more conventional approaches. Stephanie Forrest is Assistant Professor in the Department of Computer Science at the University of New Mexico. She is also affiliated with the Center for Nonlinear Studies and Computing Division at Los Alamos National Laboratory.

The SAGE Handbook of Nonverbal Communication

The SAGE Handbook of Nonverbal Communication Book
Author : Valerie Manusov,Miles L. Patterson
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2006-08-10
ISBN : 9781412904049
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Handbook provides an up-to-date discussion of the central issues in nonverbal communication and examines the research that informs these issues. Editors Valerie Manusov and Miles Patterson bring together preeminent scholars, from a range of disciplines, to reveal the strength of nonverbal behavior as an integral part of communication.

Simulated Evolution and Learning

Simulated Evolution and Learning Book
Author : Bob McKay,Xin Yao,Charles S. Newton,Jong-Hwan Kim,Takeshi Furuhashi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1999-05-26
ISBN : 3540659072
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed post-workshop proceedings of the Second Asia-Pacific Conference on Simulated Evolution and Learning, SEAL '98, held in Canberra, Australia in November 1998. The 59 revised papers presented were carefully selected during two rounds of reviewing from a total of initially 92 submissions. The book covers a wide range of topics in simulated evolution and learning, from self-adaption to dynamic modelling, from reinforcement learning to agent systems, from evolutionary games to evolutionary economics, from theoretical results to successful applications, etc.

Cognitive Wireless Networks

Cognitive Wireless Networks Book
Author : Frank H. P. Fitzek,Marcos D. Katz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-09-04
ISBN : 1402059795
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book advocates the idea of breaking up the cellular communication architecture by introducing cooperative strategies among wireless devices through cognitive wireless networking. It details the cooperative and cognitive aspects for future wireless communication networks. Coverage includes social and biological inspired behavior applied to wireless networks, peer-to-peer networking, cooperative networks, and spectrum sensing and management.