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Cooperation In Biological And Social Systems

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Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems Book
Author : Scholargy Publishing, Incorporated
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002-01
ISBN : 9781586669805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems book written by Scholargy Publishing, Incorporated, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems Book
Author : Bapu Vaitla
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-09-15
ISBN : 9780128207895
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems analyzes cooperation within both biological networks and human societies. The book's approach is cross-disciplinary, focusing on key ideas and methods from genetics, biology, ecology, economics, and political science, while guiding students to make conceptual and mathematical connections between fields. The core objective of the book is to help students perceive the deep, common structure of networked interaction in nature, and to gain the tools necessary to formally analyze cooperation. The book begins by offering a conceptual and mathematical toolkit centered on game theory and network science. Readers then apply these tools to the study of biological phenomena, including genetic networks, endosymbiosis, intraspecies cooperation, and mutualisms, in the following chapters. The final portion of the book presents case studies of the most pressing problems of collective action facing global society today, including climate change, cyberterrorism, and infectious disease, applying the lessons of biological and social evolution to the search for cooperative solutions. Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems is a valuable resource for readers looking to gain further insight into biological networks and animal and human biology. This book is also helpful for students across academic disciplines aside from biology, including ecology, genetics, and political science. Describes and examines game theory and network science, providing readers with the rigorous quantitative foundation needed to link concepts across widely varying systems Structured to proceed sequentially through biological systems of increasing structural complexity, genomes, cells, organisms, ecological communities, to understand the nested nature of cooperation Includes key term lists, practice exercises, and detailed answers for reader engagement

Randomness Enhances Cooperation A Resonance type Phenomenon in Evolutionary Games

Randomness Enhances Cooperation  A Resonance type Phenomenon in Evolutionary Games Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-10-16
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We investigate the effect of randomness in both relationships and decisions on the evolution of cooperation. Simulation results show, in such randomness' presence, the system evolves more frequently to a cooperative state than in its absence. Specifically, there is an optimal amount of randomness, which can induce the highest level of cooperation. The mechanism of randomness promoting cooperation resembles a resonancelike fashion, which could be of particular interest in evolutionary game dynamics in economic, biological, and social systems.

Foundations of Intelligent Systems

Foundations of Intelligent Systems Book
Author : Yinglin Wang,Tianrui Li
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-11-25
ISBN : 3642256643
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Intelligent System and Knowledge Engineering presents selected papers from the conference ISKE 2011, held December 15-17 in Shanghai, China. This proceedings doesn’t only examine original research and approaches in the broad areas of intelligent systems and knowledge engineering, but also present new methodologies and practices in intelligent computing paradigms. The book introduces the current scientific and technical advances in the fields of artificial intelligence, machine learning, pattern recognition, data mining, information retrieval, knowledge-based systems, knowledge representation and reasoning, multi-agent systems, natural-language processing, etc. Furthermore, new computing methodologies are presented, including cloud computing, service computing and pervasive computing with traditional intelligent methods. The proceedings will be beneficial for both researchers and practitioners who want to utilize intelligent methods in their specific research fields. Dr. Yinglin Wang is a professor at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China; Dr. Tianrui Li is a professor at the School of Information Science and Technology, Southwest Jiaotong University, China.

Issues in Biological Biochemical and Evolutionary Sciences Research 2011 Edition

Issues in Biological  Biochemical  and Evolutionary Sciences Research  2011 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-01-09
ISBN : 1464963703
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research. The editors have built Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Knowledge Management Organizational Intelligence And Learning And Complexity Volume III

Knowledge Management  Organizational Intelligence And Learning  And Complexity   Volume III Book
Author : L. Douglas Kiel
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release : 2009-08-25
ISBN : 1905839138
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Knowledge Management, Organizational Intelligence and Learning, and Complexity is the component of Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Knowledge Management, Organizational Intelligence and Learning, and Complexity in the Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources provides the latest scientific insights into the evolution of complexity in both the natural and social realms. Emerging perspectives from the fields of knowledge management, computer-based simulation and the organizational sciences are presented as tools for understanding and supporting this evolving complexity and the earth's life support systems. These three volumes are aimed at the following a wide spectrum of audiences from the merely curious to those seeking in-depth knowledge: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Organization Theory by Chester Barnard

Organization Theory by Chester Barnard Book
Author : Kazuhito Isomura
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-26
ISBN : 9811592063
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book helps undergraduate and graduate students understand Chester Barnard’s organization theory. Barnard’s book The Functions of the Executive is a classic that, along with Herbert Simon’s Administrative Behavior, is often considered to be essential reading for management students. However, it is well known to be difficult and abstract. Offering a systematic overview, this book provides an excellent introduction to Barnard’s organization theory. Chester Barnard’s concept of formal organization is often cited as a definitive opus on the subject of organization. However, he provided other concepts of organization, such as cooperative systems, complex formal organizations, and informal organizations. In his second book, Organization and Management, he added two more concepts, lateral organizations and status systems, allowing researchers to gain a better understanding of how Barnard developed his organization theory after his first publication. Barnard was a successful practitioner as well as a theorist, and his organization theory is full of practical insights gained from managing various types of organizations, including NGOs and NPOs. This book discusses how Barnard’s organization theory can be applied to business practices in the context of exploring a new style of management, and provides suggestions for business people seeking innovations for their own organizations.

Management Thought

Management Thought Book
Author : Jayanta K Nanda
Publisher : Sarup & Sons
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9788176256230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Management Thought book written by Jayanta K Nanda, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Knowledge Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems Part IV

Knowledge Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems  Part IV Book
Author : Andreas König,Andreas Dengel,Knut Hinkelmann,Koichi Kise,Robert J. Howlett,Lakhmi C. Jain
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-09-15
ISBN : 3642238661
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The four-volume set LNAI 6881-LNAI 6884 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, KES 2011, held in Kaiserslautern, Germany, in September 2011. Part 4: The total of 244 high-quality papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The 46 papers of Part 4 are organized in topical sections on human activity support in knowledge society, knowledge-based interface systems, model-based computing for innovative engineering, document analysis and knowledge science, immunity-based systems, natural language visualisation advances in theory and application of hybrid intelligent systems.

Cooperative Control of Multi Agent Systems

Cooperative Control of Multi Agent Systems Book
Author : Frank L. Lewis,Hongwei Zhang,Kristian Hengster-Movric,Abhijit Das
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-12-31
ISBN : 1447155742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cooperative Control of Multi-Agent Systems extends optimal control and adaptive control design methods to multi-agent systems on communication graphs. It develops Riccati design techniques for general linear dynamics for cooperative state feedback design, cooperative observer design, and cooperative dynamic output feedback design. Both continuous-time and discrete-time dynamical multi-agent systems are treated. Optimal cooperative control is introduced and neural adaptive design techniques for multi-agent nonlinear systems with unknown dynamics, which are rarely treated in literature are developed. Results spanning systems with first-, second- and on up to general high-order nonlinear dynamics are presented. Each control methodology proposed is developed by rigorous proofs. All algorithms are justified by simulation examples. The text is self-contained and will serve as an excellent comprehensive source of information for researchers and graduate students working with multi-agent systems.

The Coevolution of Cooperation and Structure in Biological Markets

The Coevolution of Cooperation and Structure in Biological Markets Book
Author : Zhiyuan Song
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This dissertation centers on the theme of the coevolution of cooperation and structure in biological markets. Analogous to the market economy of human societies, a typical biological market consists of two types of individuals, where one or both types of individuals are mobile so that they can not only change their individual behavior within given partnerships but also actively choose partners to interact with. However, partner choice is constrained by the dynamic supply and demand in a biological market. Therefore, ecological dynamics provide feedback to the evolutionary process. I integrate behavioral, ecological and evolutionary dynamics to explore two common types of biological markets: intraspecific interactions in breeding systems (Chapter 1) and interspecific interactions in plant-pollinator mutualisms (Chapter 2 and 3). Chapter 1 focuses on the coevolution of intraspecific pairwise cooperation and pair-bonding in a population with a symmetric sex ratio. The fitness payoff of pairwise cooperation, such as biparental care, often depends on the pair-matching structure of a population, and the latter often emerges as a collective outcome of individual pair bonding traits, which are also under selection. Here we develop an analytical model and individual-based simulations to study the coevolution of long-term pair bonds and cooperation in parental care, where partners play a Snowdrift game in each breeding season. We illustrate that long-term pair bonds may coevolve with cooperation when bonding cost is below a threshold. As long-term pair bonds lead to assortative interactions through pair-matching dynamics, they may promote the prevalence of cooperation. In addition to the payoff matrix of a single game, the evolutionarily stable equilibrium also depends on bonding cost and accidental divorce rate, and it is determined by a form of balancing selection because the benefit from pair-bond maintenance diminishes as the frequency of cooperators increases. Our findings highlight the importance of ecological factors affecting social bonding cost and stability in understanding the coevolution of social behaviour and social structures, which may lead to the diversity of biological social systems. In Chapter 2, we shift our attention to cooperative interactions between two species with dynamic population densities. Mutualism between plants and animals, such as in pollination and seed dispersal, is a fundamental mechanism facilitating the productivity and biodiversity of ecosystems, and it is often considered as an analog of a free-market economy. The coevolution of plant reward and animal choosiness, however, involves an apparent paradox due to incomplete information and limited mutation rates: Plant rewards evolve only when animals are choosy, but choosy animals purge the heritable variations of plants, which then favors less choosy animals. We use a two-species mathematical model to illustrate how non-heritable phenotypic variances of plants may facilitate the coevolution of rewards and choosiness and solve the paradox with low mutation rates. We simultaneously track the ecological and evolutionary dynamics and show that the population ratio links the two processes and tunes the stable eco-evolutionary equilibrium. Numerical simulations confirm the analytic prediction with varying mutation rates (heritable variance). The efficiency of a biological market is generally suboptimal due to the information constraint and individual competition. In the last chapter, we explore the question how adaptive foraging behaviors, e.g., flower constancy, of individual pollinators, which are sensitive to floral density and diversity, may shape the structure and stability of co-flowering plant communities. We construct a mathematical model integrating pollinator adaptive foraging behavior and plant population dynamics, and use numerical analyses to study the ecological consequences for the plant community. The result is significantly different from that of a model in which pollinators are either strict generalists or specialists. In general, pollinators with adaptive foraging behavior enhance the stability of plant species coexistence compared to strict generalists, but less effectively than strict specialists. This suggests that individual adaptive behavior in mutualistic interactions can have a very different impact on community structure from that in predator-prey interactions. This could be an important complementary mechanism to adaptive foraging at the species level. In addition, the adaptive behavior of pollinators may cause a sharp regime shift between the sink and source states for invading plant species. This novel result is relevant to the conservation of native plant communities as well as the management of invasive plant species.

Learning From the Octopus

Learning From the Octopus Book
Author : Rafe Sagarin
Publisher : Hachette UK
Release : 2012-03-27
ISBN : 0465029817
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite the billions of dollars we've poured into foreign wars, homeland security, and disaster response, we are fundamentally no better prepared for the next terrorist attack or unprecedented flood than we were in 2001. Our response to catastrophe remains unchanged: add another step to airport security, another meter to the levee wall. This approach has proved totally ineffective: reacting to past threats and trying to predict future risks will only waste resources in our increasingly unpredictable world.In Learning from the Octopus, ecologist and security expert Rafe Sagarin rethinks the seemingly intractable problem of security by drawing inspiration from a surprising source: nature. Biological organisms have been living -- and thriving -- on a risk-filled planet for billions of years. Remarkably, they have done it without planning, predicting, or trying to perfect their responses to complex threats. Rather, they simply adapt to solve the challenges they continually face.Military leaders, public health officials, and business professionals would all like to be more adaptable, but few have figured out how. Sagarinargues that we can learn from observing how nature is organized, how organisms learn, how they create partnerships, and how life continually diversifies on this unpredictable planet.As soon as we dip our toes into a cold Pacific tidepool and watch what we thought was a rock turn into an octopus, jetting away in a cloud of ink, we can begin to see the how human adaptability can mimic natural adaptation. The same mechanisms that enabled the octopus's escape also allow our immune system to ward off new infectious diseases, helped soldiers in Iraq to recognize the threat of IEDs, and aided Google in developing faster ways to detect flu outbreaks. While we will never be able to predict the next earthquake, terrorist attack, or market fluctuation, nature can guide us in developing security systems that are not purely reactive but proactive, holistic, and adaptable. From the tidepools of Monterey to the mountains of Kazakhstan, Sagarin takes us on an eye-opening tour of the security challenges we face, and shows us how we might learn to respond more effectively to the unknown threats lurking in our future.

Value Systems and Social Process

Value Systems and Social Process Book
Author : Geoffrey Vickers
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-11-05
ISBN : 1136446648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tavistock Press was established as a co-operative venture between the Tavistock Institute and Routledge & Kegan Paul (RKP) in the 1950s to produce a series of major contributions across the social sciences. This volume is part of a 2001 reissue of a selection of those important works which have since gone out of print, or are difficult to locate. Published by Routledge, 112 volumes in total are being brought together under the name The International Behavioural and Social Sciences Library: Classics from the Tavistock Press. Reproduced here in facsimile, this volume was originally published in 1968 and is available individually. The collection is also available in a number of themed mini-sets of between 5 and 13 volumes, or as a complete collection.

Machine Learning for Networking

Machine Learning for Networking Book
Author : Selma Boumerdassi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-16
ISBN : 3030457788
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Machine Learning for Networking book written by Selma Boumerdassi, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Social Structures and Natural Systems

Social Structures and Natural Systems Book
Author : Georges Guille-Escuret
Publisher : Wiley
Release : 2018-12-18
ISBN : 1786302004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Trapped between the caricatured causalities of biological determinism and the sinister abdications of sociological relativism, socio-ecological interdisciplinarity stagnates. It has lost sight of the ambition of a long-term program and no longer works to conduct applied research on the concrete prerequisites for reliable cooperation, despite an accumulation of emergencies. The difficulty lies in the general and prolonged abandonment of necessary procedures under the influence of hidden philosophical presumptions. In the end, ecology, sociology, history, economics, agronomy, etc. are seriously handicapped by the absence of a common epistemology of comparative practice, an absence maintained by the dominant epistemology itself. Social Structures and Natural Systems seeks to demonstrate, with regard to social anthropology and ecology, a scientific compatibility of research subject to methodological requirements that are deductible from the conditions of the existence of science itself. All of this boils down to one observation: this book will be a success if, and only if, it becomes a beginning.

Resolving Social Dilemmas

Resolving Social Dilemmas Book
Author : Margaret Foddy,Michael Smithson,Sherry Schneider,Michael A. Hogg
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2013-05-13
ISBN : 1134838816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Resolving Social Dilemmas book written by Margaret Foddy,Michael Smithson,Sherry Schneider,Michael A. Hogg, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cooperation and Its Evolution

Cooperation and Its Evolution Book
Author : Kim Sterelny,Richard Joyce,Brett Calcott,Ben Fraser
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2013-02-22
ISBN : 0262313049
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Essays from a range of disciplinary perspectives show the central role that cooperation plays in structuring our world. This collection reports on the latest research on an increasingly pivotal issue for evolutionary biology: cooperation. The chapters are written from a variety of disciplinary perspectives and utilize research tools that range from empirical survey to conceptual modeling, reflecting the rich diversity of work in the field. They explore a wide taxonomic range, concentrating on bacteria, social insects, and, especially, humans. Part I ("Agents and Environments") investigates the connections of social cooperation in social organizations to the conditions that make cooperation profitable and stable, focusing on the interactions of agent, population, and environment. Part II ("Agents and Mechanisms") focuses on how proximate mechanisms emerge and operate in the evolutionary process and how they shape evolutionary trajectories. Throughout the book, certain themes emerge that demonstrate the ubiquity of questions regarding cooperation in evolutionary biology: the generation and division of the profits of cooperation; transitions in individuality; levels of selection, from gene to organism; and the "human cooperation explosion" that makes our own social behavior particularly puzzling from an evolutionary perspective.

Leading Edge Computer Science Research

Leading Edge Computer Science Research Book
Author : Susan Shannon
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9781594545269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The books in this series present leading-edge research in the field of computer research, technology and applications. Each contribution has been carefully selected for inclusion based on the significance of the research to the field. Summaries of all chapters are gathered at the beginning of the book and an in-depth index is presented to facilitate access.

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia Book
Author : Steven M. Silverstein,Bita Moghaddam,Til Wykes
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2013-11-15
ISBN : 0262019620
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite major advances in methodology and thousands of published studies every year, treatment outcomes in schizophrenia have not improved over the last fifty years. Moreover, we still lack strategies for prevention and we do not yet understand how the interaction of genetic, developmental, and environmental factors contribute to the disorder. In this book, leading researchers consider conceptual and technical obstacles to progress in understanding schizophrenia and suggest novel strategies for advancing research and treatment. The contributors address a wide range of critical issues: the construct of schizophrenia itself; etiology, risk, prediction, and prevention; different methods of modeling the disorder; and treatment development and delivery. They identify crucial gaps in our knowledge and offer creative but feasible suggestions. These strategies include viewing schizophrenia as a heterogeneous group of conditions; adopting specific new approaches to prediction and early intervention; developing better integration of data across genetics, imaging, perception, cognition, phenomenology, and other fields; and moving toward an evidence-based, personalized approach to treatment requiring rational clinical decision-making to reduce functional disability. ContributorsRobert Bittner, Robert W. Buchanan, Kristin S. Cadenhead, William T. Carpenter, Jr., Aiden Corvin, Daniel Durstewitz, André A. Fenton, Camilo de la Fuente-Sandoval, Jay A. Gingrich, Joshua A. Gordon, Chloe Gott, Peter B. Jones, René S. Kahn, Richard Keefe, Wolfgang Kelsch, James L. Kennedy, Matcheri S. Keshavan, Angus W. MacDonald III, Anil K. Malhotra, John McGrath, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Kevin J. Mitchell, Bita Moghaddam, Vera A. Morgan, Craig Morgan, Kim T. Mueser, Karoly Nikolich, Patricio O'Donnell, Michael O'Donovan, William A. Phillips, Wulf Rössler, Louis Sass, Akira Sawa, Jeremy K. Seamans, Steven M. Silverstein, William Spaulding, Sharmili Sritharan, Heike Tost, Peter Uhlhaas, Aristotle Voineskos, Michèle Wessa, Leanne M. Williams, Ashley Wilson, Til Wykes