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Construction Biotechnology

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Construction Biotechnology

Construction Biotechnology Book
Author : Volodymyr Ivanov,Viktor Stabnikov
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-20
ISBN : 9811014450
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the first comprehensive text on construction biomaterials and bioprocesses. It details aspects of construction biotechnology, a new interdisciplinary area involving applications of environmental and industrial microbiology and biotechnology in geotechnical and civil engineering. It also critically reviews all existing and potential construction biotechnology processes. It discusses a number of topics including the biotechnological production of new construction materials such as self-healing concrete, construction biocomposites, construction bioplastics, and biotechnological admixtures to cement. It also addresses construction-related processes like biocementation, bioclogging, soil surface fixation and biosealing, microbial cements and grouts, the biocoating of construction material surfaces, the microbiology and biosafety of the construction environment, the prevention of biocorrosion as well as biodeterioration and biofouling in civil engineering. Biomediated precipitation of calcium, magnesium, and iron compounds as carbonates, phosphates, sulphides, and silicate minerals in soil for its clogging and strengthening are considered from geotechnical, chemical, and microbiological points of view. It offers an overview of the basic microbiology that will enable civil engineers to perform the construction biogeochemical processes. Design principles and considerations for different field implementations are discussed from a practical point of view. The book can be used as a textbook for graduate and senior undergraduate students in biotechnology, civil engineering and environmental engineering as well as a reference book for researchers and practitioners working in this new interdisciplinary area.

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco Efficient Construction Materials

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco Efficient Construction Materials Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Volodymyr Ivanov,Niranjan Karak,Henk Jonkers
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-01-11
ISBN : 0081002092
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since 1930 more than 100,000 new chemical compounds have been developed and insufficient information exists on the health assessment of 95 percent of these chemicals in which a relevant percentage are used in construction products. For instance Portland cement concrete, the most used material on the Planet (10.000 million tons/year that in the next 40 years will increase around 100 %) currently used in around 15% of total concrete production contains chemicals used to modify their properties, either in the fresh or hardened state. Biopolymers are materials that are developed from natural resources. They reduce dependence on fossil fuels and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. There is a worldwide demand to replace petroleum-based materials with renewable resources. Currently bio-admixtures represent just a small fraction of the chemical admixtures market (around 20%) but with environmental awareness for constituents in construction materials generally growing (the Construction Products Regulation is being enforced in Europe since 2013), the trend towards bio-admixtures is expected to continue. This book provides an updated state-of-the-art review on biopolymers and their influence and use as admixtures in the development of eco-efficient construction materials. Provides essential knowledge for researchers and producers working on the development of biopolymer-modified construction materials Discusses the various types of biopolymers currently available, their different production techniques, their use as bio-admixtures in concretes and mortars and applications in other areas of civil engineering such as soil stability, wood preservation, adhesives and coatings All contributions are made from leading researchers, who have intensive involvement in the design and use of biopolymers in construction materials

Application of Microbes in Environmental and Microbial Biotechnology

Application of Microbes in Environmental and Microbial Biotechnology Book
Author : Inamuddin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Ram Prasad
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-01-03
ISBN : 9811622256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive edited book on microbial prospective discusses the innovative approaches and investigation strategies, as well as provides a broad spectrum of the cutting-edge research on the processing, properties and technological developments of microbial products and their applications. Microbes finds very important applications in our lives including industries and food processing. They are widely used in the fermentation of beverages, processing of dairy products, production of pharmaceuticals, chemicals, enzymes, proteins and biomaterials; conversion of biomass into fuel, fuel cell technology, health and environmental sectors. Some of these products are produced commercially, while others are potentially valuable in biotechnology. Microorganisms are considered invaluable in research as model organisms. This is a useful compilation for students and researchers in microbiology, biotechnology and chemical industries.

Microbial Biotechnology Approaches to Monuments of Cultural Heritage

Microbial Biotechnology Approaches to Monuments of Cultural Heritage Book
Author : Ajar Nath Yadav,Ali Asghar Rastegari,Vijai Kumar Gupta,Neelam Yadav
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-24
ISBN : 9811534012
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Our country’s cultural legacy is one of the world’s most diverse, drawing millions of visitors every year to our convents and monuments, and to our museums, libraries, concert halls and festivals. In addition, it is a dynamic trigger of economic activity and jobs. Among the various scientific branches, microbial biotechnology offers an innovative and precise approach to the complexity of problems that restorers face in their daily work. This book discusses a range of topics, including the biodiversity of microbial communities from various cultural heritage monuments, microbial biotechnological cleaning techniques, the role of bacterial fungal communities for the conservation of cultural heritage, and microbial enzymes and their potential applications as biorestoration agents. Written by internationally recognized experts, and providing up-to-date and detailed insights into microbial biotechnology approaches to cultural heritage monuments, the book is a valuable resource for biological scientists, especially microbiologists, microbial biotechnologists, biochemists and microbial biotechnologists.

Biotechnology

Biotechnology Book
Author : Nico Stehr
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-08
ISBN : 1351323024
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"While other books have addressed isolated aspects of recent developments in the biomedical sciences, Biotechnology: Between Commerce and Civil Society is the first book tgo engage with the full range of biotechnology's implications for social science and for society at large." -Professor Volker Meja New scientific knowledge is no longer merely the key to unlocking the secrets of nature and society. It now represents the "becoming" of a new world. Scientific developments affect the ways in which we conduct our affairs, as well as how we comprehend the changes underway as the result of novel technical artefacts and scientific knowledge. The practical fruits of biotechnology are a case in point; they have grasped our imaginations, and generated worldwide debate and concern. Debates on biotechnology shift between images of utopia and dystopia. The social sciences deserve a voice in the debate, and can do so through sober examination of the economic, social, and cultural implications of biotechnology. Some economists even predict that the importance of biotechnology as the technology of the future will far exceed that of the information technologies, in particular the Internet. The contributors to this volume are drawn from a broad spectrum of the social sciences, and include Nico Stehr, Gene Rosa, Steve Fuller, Steve Best and Douglas Kellner, Nikolas Rose, Fred Buttel, Javier Lezaun, Anne Kerr, Susanna Hornig Priest and Toby Ten Eyck, Martin Schulte, Alexander Somek, Steven P. Vallas, Daniel Lee Kleinman, Abby Kinchy and Raul Necochea, Herbert Gottweis, J. Rogers Hollingsworth, Gysli Pblsson, Elizabeth Ettore, Richard Hindmarch and Reiner Grundmann. The impact of science on society is destined to be a fundamental concern in the new century. This volume illustrates the contributions anthropology, law, political science, and sociology can make to the ongoing discussions about the role of biotechnology in modern societies. Nico Stehr is senior research associate, Institut for Technikfolgenabschotzung, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe and Institut for Kostenforschung, GKSS, Germany. He also is a fellow in the Center for Advanced Cultural Studies in Essen, Germany, editor of the Canadian Journal of Sociology, and a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. Among his recent books are Werner Sombart: Economic Life in the Modern Age (with Reiner Grundmann, published by Transaction); The Fragility of Modern Societies: Knowledge and Risk in the Information Age; Knowledge and Economic Conduct: The Social Foundations of the Modern Economy; and Wissenspolitik: Die ?berwachung des Wissens.

Biotechnology in Japan

Biotechnology in Japan Book
Author : Rolf D. Schmid
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642763391
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biotechnology in Japan is a complete guide to economic, scientific and regulatory aspects of Japanese research centres and companies. Profiles for more than 400 private Japanese companies and almost 200 universities and research institutes are given in great detail. Ministries providing research guidelines and ongoing research projects are analysed. The book is the first comprehensive source in the English language and is of particular interest to consultants, managers and researchers seeking cooperation with Japanese partners.

Animal Biotechnology

Animal Biotechnology Book
Author : Ashish Verma,Anchal Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-11-04
ISBN : 0123914345
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Animal Biotechnology introduces applications of animal biotechnology and implications for human health and welfare. It begins with an introduction to animal cell cultures and genome sequencing analysis and provides readers with a review of available cell and molecular tools. Topics here include the use of transgenic animal models, tissue engineering, nanobiotechnology, and proteomics. The book then delivers in-depth examples of applications in human health and prospects for the future, including cytogenetics and molecular genetics, xenografts, and treatment of HIV and cancers. All this is complemented by a discussion of the ethical and safety considerations in the field. Animal biotechnology is a broad field encompassing the polarities of fundamental and applied research, including molecular modeling, gene manipulation, development of diagnostics and vaccines, and manipulation of tissue. Given the tools that are currently available and the translational potential for these studies, animal biotechnology has become one of the most essential subjects for those studying life sciences. Highlights the latest biomedical applications of genetically modified and cloned animals with a focus on cancer and infectious diseases Provides firsthand accounts of the use of biotechnology tools, including molecular markers, stem cells, and tissue engineering

Women in Biotechnology

Women in Biotechnology Book
Author : Francesca Molfino,Flavia Zucco
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-08-05
ISBN : 1402086113
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Johannes Klumpers Biotechnologies, such as genetic engineering, cloning and biodiversity, raise many legal and ethical concerns, so it is important that people understand these issues and feel able to express their opinions. This is why the European Commission has been, for a number of years, supporting actions to improve communication among scientists in these diverse areas. The project ‘Women in Biotechnology’ (WONBIT), financed under the 6th Framework programme of the European Commission, is an excellent example of what can be done to target opinion-formers such as scientists, economists and lawyers in bottom-up activities, and to encourage a debate on gender issues triggered by developments in the life sciences. WONBIT gave rise to a successful international conference highlighting the importance of adopting good practices and ethical considerations in parallel with the rapid pace of progress in biotechnology – from a woman’s point of view. In particular, the conference addressed women in decision-making positions in b- technology with specific reference to scientific excellence, social competencies and management qualities as well as issues relating to environment, society and the younger generation. But it did not stop there: a key part of the conference was dedicated to stimulating public debate among non-specialists, which has led to a number of recommen- tions to policy-makers on better communication in biotechnology, on taking better account of the gender aspects of research, and on involving more women in the decision-making process that surrounds developments in biotechnology.

Perspectives in Biotechnology

Perspectives in Biotechnology Book
Author : J.M. Cardoso Duarte,L.J. Archer,A.T. Bull,G. Holt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461318831
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the proceedings of a NATO Advanced Studies Institute organized jointly by LNETI, the National Laboratories of the Ministry of Industry of the Portuguese Government and The Institute for Biotechnological Studies in the UK. The ASI was held in 1985 on the beautiful peninsula of Troia, once the site of a flourishing Roman salt industry. The course was the first in the NATO "Double Jump Programme" specifically aimed to promote industrial and academic participation and cooperation. As such, contributions across the whole field of biotechnology were planned and the present volume represents perspectives from specialists in different areas. Biotechnology has been defined in a recent OECD publication as "the application of scientific and engineering principles to the processing of materials by biological agents to provide goods and services" and the contents of this book, which often describe research from interdisciplinary groups, reflect this title. The value of the ASI was further enhanced by many first class poster contributions from the participants.

Pharmaceutical Biotechnology and Chemical Inventions

Pharmaceutical  Biotechnology  and Chemical Inventions Book
Author : Duncan Bucknell
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2011-03-20
ISBN : 0199289018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pharmaceutical, Biotechnology, and Chemical Inventions: World Protection and Exploitation, This book highlights the special issues arising in obtaining, commercializing, enforcing or attacking intellectual property rights (including protection of regulatory data) in the pharmaceutical, biotechnology and chemical industries across the world's key jurisdictions. It is unique in presenting topic matter horizontally by subject to facilitate comparison between country practices. The first two chapters give a general introduction to the differences between the jurisdictions and an overview of some of the key concepts in patent law. The remainder of the book is dedicated to a detailed analysis of the major legal issues arising in these areas of technology. Each component chapter has a comparative introduction, looking at the variances in the laws of different domains, followed by side-by-side analysis of the relevant regimes, including tables and flow-charts which summarize and explain the key legal concepts. The jurisdictions covered are the United States, Europe (UK, Germany, Netherlands, France and Italy), Japan, Canada, Australia, India and China.

Biotechnology Directory Eastern Europe

Biotechnology Directory Eastern Europe Book
Author : Eva-Maria Lücke,Eleonore Poetzsch
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2020-10-12
ISBN : 3110846233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biotechnology Directory Eastern Europe book written by Eva-Maria Lücke,Eleonore Poetzsch, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Downstream Processing

Handbook of Downstream Processing Book
Author : E. Goldberg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400915632
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The last two decades have seen a phenomenal growth of the field of genetic or biochemical engineering and have witnessed the development and ultimately marketing of a variety of products-typically through the manipulation and growth of different types of microorganisms, followed by the recovery and purification of the associated products. The engineers and biotechnologists who are involved in the full-scale process design of such facilities must be familiar with the variety of unit operations and equipment and the applicable regulatory requirements. This book describes current commercial practice and will be useful to those engineers working in this field in the design, construction and operation of pharmaceutical and biotechnology plants. It will be of help to the chemical or pharmaceutical engineer who is developing a plant design and who faces issues such as: Should the process be batch or continuous or a combination of batch and continuous? How should the optimum process design be developed? Should one employ a new revolutionary separation which could be potentially difficult to validate or use accepted technology which involves less risk? Should the process be run with ingredients formulated from water for injection, deionized water, or even filtered tap water? Should any of the separations be run in cold rooms or in glycol jacketed lines to minimize microbial growth where sterilization is not possible? Should the process equipment and lines be designed to be sterilized in-place, cleaned-in-place, or should every piece be broken down, cleaned and autoclaved after every turn?

Springer Handbook of Marine Biotechnology

Springer Handbook of Marine Biotechnology Book
Author : Se-Kwon Kim
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-01-21
ISBN : 3642539718
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Springer Handbook provides, for the first time, a complete and consistent overview over the methods, applications, and products in the field of marine biotechnology. A large portion of the surface of the earth (ca. 70%) is covered by the oceans. More than 80% of the living organisms on the earth are found in aquatic ecosystems. The aquatic systems thus constitute a rich reservoir for various chemical materials and (bio-)chemical processes. Edited by a renowned expert with a longstanding experience, and including over 60 contributions from leading international scientists, the Springer Handbook of Marine Biotechnology is a major authoritative desk reference for everyone interested or working in the field of marine biotechnology and bioprocessing - from undergraduate and graduate students, over scientists and teachers, to professionals. Marine biotechnology is concerned with the study of biochemical materials and processes from marine sources, that play a vital role in the isolation of novel drugs, and to bring them to industrial and pharmaceutical development. Today, a multitude of bioprocess techniques is employed to isolate and produce marine natural compounds, novel biomaterials, or proteins and enzymes from marine organisms, and to bring them to applications as pharmaceuticals, cosmeceuticals or nutraceuticals, or for the production of bioenergy from marine sources. All these topics are addressed by the Springer Handbook of Marine Biotechnology. The book is divided into ten parts. Each part is consistently organized, so that the handbook provides a sound introduction to marine biotechnology - from historical backgrounds and the fundamentals, over the description of the methods and technology, to their applications - but it can also be used as a reference work. Key topics include: - Marine flora and fauna - Tools and methods in marine biotechnology - Marine genomics - Marine microbiology - Bioenergy and biofuels - Marine bioproducts in industrial applications - Marine bioproducts in medical and pharmaceutical applications - and many more...

Biotechnology Law

Biotechnology Law Book
Author : Alan J. Morrison
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2020-02-04
ISBN : 0231550928
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biotechnology and law are inextricable. Patent, regulatory, and contract law profoundly shape the biotech industry, and each of these practice areas is deeply intertwined with the science it governs. Yet many in this industry lack even a basic grasp of these laws, jeopardizing their business success as a result. This book is an essential introduction to biotechnology law for scientists, startup founders, regulatory specialists, patent liaisons, investors, academics, students, and other nonattorneys with biotech backgrounds. It covers core topics such as patentability, patent prosecution and infringement, patent opinions, the development and FDA approval of small-molecule and biologic drugs, regulatory exclusivity, generic drugs and ANDA litigation, biosimilars and the patent dance, patent licenses, and collaboration agreements. Written with scientists in mind, Biotechnology Law is a clear, concise, and entirely practical primer on the topic, replete with straightforward, real-world examples to illustrate each key concept. Understanding the legal machinery through which science becomes business is not a luxury—it is a crucial part of a scientist’s training. Alan J. Morrison’s expert treatment embraces this new reality.

Ecological Wisdom Inspired Restoration Engineering

Ecological Wisdom Inspired Restoration Engineering Book
Author : Varenyam Achal,Abhijit Mukherjee
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-24
ISBN : 9811301492
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on ecological wisdom inspired restoration engineering through theories, hypotheses, policies, practical understanding, and case studies. Understanding nature’s processes is a prerequisite for the healthy and sustainable functioning of a habitable Earth. As such, the book provides a guide for readers seeking to understand and build sustainable, urban socio-ecological systems using restoration technologies based on wisdom. Motivated by recent rapid advances in restoration engineering, such as the role of green building materials in urban infrastructures, and developing sustainable landscapes to benefit the environment, economy and communities, it is an essential reference on the most promising innovative technologies. It discusses engineering methods and practices in the restoration of soil, water, heritage sites, and other ecosystems, as well as the development and applications of green building materials. It presents a holistic and systematic approach that utilizes natural resources and the concept of ecological wisdom to reap sustainable environmental, economic and social benefits to fulfill the concept of living in harmony with nature. This book is a valuable resource for civil- and environmental engineering researchers as well as organizations engaged in eco-restoration practices.

Bio based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco efficient Construction

Bio based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco efficient Construction Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Volodymyr Ivanov,Daniel C.W. Tsang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-03-13
ISBN : 0128223812
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bio-based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco-efficient Construction fills a gap in the published literature, discussing bio-based materials and biotechnologies that are crucial for a more sustainable construction industry. With comprehensive coverage and contributions from leading experts in the field, the book includes sections on Bio-based materials and biotechnologies for infrastructure applications, Bio-based materials and biotechnologies for building energy efficiency, and other applications, such as using biotechnology to reduce indoor air pollution, for water treatment, and in soil decontamination. The book will be an essential reference resource for academic researchers, civil engineers, contractors working in construction works, postgraduate students and other professionals. Focuses on sustainability and green concepts in construction Discusses recent trends on bio-based materials and biotechnologies for eco-efficient construction Covers many important aspects, including infrastructure applications, energy efficiency for building construction, and air, water and soil related problems

Agriculture Rural Development and Related Agencies Appropriations for Fiscal Year 1992

Agriculture  Rural Development  and Related Agencies Appropriations for Fiscal Year 1992 Book
Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, and Related Agencies
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Agriculture Rural Development and Related Agencies Appropriations for Fiscal Year 1992 book written by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, and Related Agencies, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biotechnology and Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing Processing and Preservation

Biotechnology and Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing  Processing  and Preservation Book
Author : Kenneth E. Avis,Vincent L. Wu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-08-14
ISBN : 1000161641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this unique book, experts describe practices applicable to the large-scale processing of biotechnological products. Beginning with processing and bulk storage preservation techniques, the book provides strategies for improving efficiency of process campaigns of multiple products and manufacturing facilities for such processing techniques. Large-scale chromatography for the purification of biomolecules in manufacturing and lyophilization of protein pharmaceuticals are discussed. Includes a case study on blow-fill-seal processing technology and a chapter on economic and cost factors for bioprocess engineering.

Biotechnology

Biotechnology Book
Author : United States,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. Subcommittee on Technology, Environment, and Aviation
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biotechnology book written by United States,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. Subcommittee on Technology, Environment, and Aviation, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Introduction to Plant Biotechnology

Introduction to Plant Biotechnology Book
Author : H. S. Chawla
Publisher : Science Publishers
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9781578082285
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant biotechnology has created unprecedented opportunities for the manipulation of biological systems of plants. To understand biotechnology, it is essential to know the basic aspects of genes and their organization in the genome of plant cells. This text on the subject is aimed at students.