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Conservation Policies For Agricultural Biodiversity

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Conservation Policies for Agricultural Biodiversity

Conservation Policies for Agricultural Biodiversity Book
Author : Lekha Laxman,Abdul Haseeb Ansari
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-11-15
ISBN : 9780128214411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conservation Policies for Agricultural Biodiversity: A Comparative Study of Laws and Policies focuses on the challenge of securing the ecological future of the planet and its inhabitants by exploring the Convention of Biological Diversity and the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing and WTO laws, such as SPSS, TBT GATT. This book demonstrates how the urgent problem of biodiversity loss can be addressed by challenging notions of national self-interest and security for the purpose of implementing policies that will benefit humanity and, more importantly, ensure the future of our planet. Delves into the current approaches adopted in the framework of global environmental governance Investigates the origins, operations and effects of legal regimes, policies and practices related to the conservation of biodiversity Presents a comparative study of laws and policies, providing an in-depth understanding of the factors behind the lack of success in conserving agricultural biodiversity

Agricultural Biodiversity Conservation

Agricultural Biodiversity Conservation Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Agricultural Biodiversity Conservation book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Agrobiodiversity

Agrobiodiversity Book
Author : Karl S. Zimmerer,Stef de Haan
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2019-04-30
ISBN : 0262038684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Experts discuss the challenges faced in agrobiodiversity and conservation, integrating disciplines that range from plant and biological sciences to economics and political science. Wide-ranging environmental phenomena—including climate change, extreme weather events, and soil and water availability—combine with such socioeconomic factors as food policies, dietary preferences, and market forces to affect agriculture and food production systems on local, national, and global scales. The increasing simplification of food systems, the continuing decline of plant species, and the ongoing spread of pests and disease threaten biodiversity in agriculture as well as the sustainability of food resources. Complicating the situation further, the multiple systems involved—cultural, economic, environmental, institutional, and technological—are driven by human decision making, which is inevitably informed by diverse knowledge systems. The interactions and linkages that emerge necessitate an integrated assessment if we are to make progress toward sustainable agriculture and food systems. This volume in the Strüngmann Forum Reports series offers insights into the challenges faced in agrobiodiversity and sustainability and proposes an integrative framework to guide future research, scholarship, policy, and practice. The contributors offer perspectives from a range of disciplines, including plant and biological sciences, food systems and nutrition, ecology, economics, plant and animal breeding, anthropology, political science, geography, law, and sociology. Topics covered include evolutionary ecology, food and human health, the governance of agrobiodiversity, and the interactions between agrobiodiversity and climate and demographic change.

Agri Environmental Policies in a Transitional Economy The Value of Agricultural Biodiversity in Hungarian Home Gardens

Agri Environmental Policies in a Transitional Economy  The Value of Agricultural Biodiversity in Hungarian Home Gardens Book
Author : Ekin Birol, Melinda Smale, and Ágnes Gyovai
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2021-06-13
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Agri Environmental Policies in a Transitional Economy The Value of Agricultural Biodiversity in Hungarian Home Gardens book written by Ekin Birol, Melinda Smale, and Ágnes Gyovai, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Agriculture Biodiversity and Markets

Agriculture  Biodiversity and Markets Book
Author : Stewart Lockie,David Carpenter
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1849774374
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Debate about how best to ensure the preservation of agricultural biodiversity is caught in a counter-productive polemic between proponents and critics of market-based instruments and agricultural modernization. However, it is argued in this book that neither position does justice to the range of strategies that farmers use to manage agrobiodiversity and other livelihood assets as they adapt to changing social, economic, and environmental circumstances.

Agricultural Biodiversity and Biotechnology in Economic Development

Agricultural Biodiversity and Biotechnology in Economic Development Book
Author : Joseph Cooper,Leslie Lipper,David Zilberman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-05-27
ISBN : 0387254099
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume summarizes the current state of knowledge in the economic literature of management of agricultural biotechnology and biodiversity in agricultural and economic development. It identifies key issues confronting policy makers in managing biodiversity and biotechnology and provides a broad, multi-disciplinary analysis of the linkage between the two. It is especially innovative in its use of plant genetic resource management as the basis for is analysis.

Agrobiodiversity Conservation

Agrobiodiversity Conservation Book
Author : Nigel Maxted
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1845938518
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on the 2010 conference "Towards the establishment of genetic reserves for crop wild relatives and landraces in Europe", this book is the cutting edge discussion of agrobiodiversity conservation. By considering the benefits of understanding and preserving crop wild relatives and landraces, it encompasses issues as wide-ranging and topical as habitat protection, ecosystem health and food security. Focusing on Europe, but globally relevant, Agrobiodiversity Conservation is ideal for postgraduate students of conservation and environmental studies, conservation professionals, policy makers and researchers.

Community Biodiversity Management

Community Biodiversity Management Book
Author : Walter Simon de Boef,Abishkar Subedi,Nivaldo Peroni,Marja Thijssen,Elizabeth O'Keeffe
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-03-12
ISBN : 1136474862
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are issues that have been high on the policy agenda since the first Earth Summit in Rio in 1992. As part of efforts to implement in situ conservation, a methodology referred to as community biodiversity management (CBM) has been developed by those engaged in this arena. CBM contributes to the empowerment of farming communities to manage their biological resources and make informed decisions on the conservation and use of agrobiodiversity. This book is the first to set out a clear overview of CBM as a methodology for meeting socio-environmental changes. CBM is shown to be a key strategy that promotes community resilience, and contributes to the conservation of plant genetic resources. The authors present the underlying concepts and theories of CBM as well as its methodology and practices, and introduce case studies primarily from Brazil, Ethiopia, France, India, and Nepal. Contributors include farmers, leaders of farmers’ organizations, professionals from conservation and development organizations, students and scientists. The book offers inspiration to all those involved in the conservation and use of agrobiodiversity within livelihood development and presents ideas for the implementation of farmers’ rights. The wide collection of experiences illustrates the efforts made by communities throughout the world to cope with change while using diversity and engaging in learning processes. It links these grassroots efforts with debates in policy arenas as a means to respond to the unpredictable changes, such as climate change, that communities face in sustaining their livelihoods.

Knowledge Systems of Societies for Adaptation and Mitigation of Impacts of Climate Change

Knowledge Systems of Societies for Adaptation and Mitigation of Impacts of Climate Change Book
Author : Sunil Nautiyal,K.S. Rao,Harald Kaechele,K.V. Raju,Ruediger Schaldach
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-07-09
ISBN : 3642361439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is broadly recognized as a key environmental issue affecting social and ecological systems worldwide. At the Cancun summit of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’s 16th Conference, the parties jointly agreed that the vulnerable groups particularly in developing countries and whose livelihood is based on land use practices are the most common victims as in most cases their activities are shaped by the climate. Therefore, solving the climate dilemma through mitigation processes and scientific research is an ethical concern. Thus combining the knowledge systems of the societies and scientific evidences can greatly assist in the creation of coping mechanisms for sustainable development in a situation of changing climate. International Humboldt Kolleg focusing on “knowledge systems of societies and Climate Change” was organized at ISEC. This event was of unique importance, as the year 2011-12 was celebrated as the 60th Anniversary of Diplomatic Relations between India and Germany with the motto "Germany and India - Infinite Opportunities." This volume is the outcome of the papers presented during the IHK 2011 at ISEC, India.

A Comparative Study of Laws and Policies Impacting the Conservation of Biodiversity with Special Reference to Agricultural Biodiversity

A Comparative Study of Laws and Policies Impacting the Conservation of Biodiversity with Special Reference to Agricultural Biodiversity Book
Author : Lekha Kunju Pillai Laxman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The process of rapid development comes with a price and it is mostly done at the expense of biodiversity and general environmental degradation. The complex interrelationship between agricultural biodiversity and biotechnology as well as the conflicting institutional interplay in the international governance of the conservation and use of plant genetic resources has resulted in a trade-environment deadlock between the technologically advanced developed nations and genetically resource rich developing and least developed nations to the detriment of the collective interests of the global community. The aim of the current research is to investigate the origins, operations and effects of legal regimes, policies and practices related to conservation of biodiversity. It undertakes a comparative study of laws and policies in this area to gain an in-depth understanding of the factors behind the lack of success in conserving biodiversity in general and agricultural biodiversity in particular and explores ways in which the conflicts between the WTO Agreements and the CBD can be resolved. The research undertook a socio-legal approach utilizing a qualitative research method which predominantly relied on content analysis of provisions in the various treaties that had a bearing on conservation of biodiversity as well as decided cases, reports and studies that analyzed the implementation of these treaties. The findings of the study indicated that global governance structures such as the WTO and the CBD have to reinvent themselves in order to meet the challenges of the millennia brought about by cutting edge technologies such as modern biotechnology. The global community also must have an Ubuntu mindset i.e. unity consciousness to tackle global challenges such as biodiversity loss and global warming which threatens the wellbeing of the planet and its inhabitants. Without such a mindset, no technology, policies or laws will be able to avert the global crises which may culminate into massive extinctions and jeopardize the future of this planet. We need to ensure that our policies and laws are entrenched with ethical values promoted at the global level aimed at ensuring the wellbeing of all.

Land Management

Land Management Book
Author : Colin Hindmarch,Mike W. Pienkowski
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-04-30
ISBN : 0470694866
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mature ecological criticism of agricultural policies is not easy: targets agreed in Biodiversity Action Plans must be achieved within a framework of agricultural and economic policies. Developing a balanced solution is the essence of sustainability. Until recently the hidden costs of high-production systems on biodiversity has been ignored. This booklet identifies some of the hidden costs of unsustainable production, and also considers examples where conservation management has failed. The authors argue that sustainable land management is possible, and that conservation and production interests can be satisfied. They go on to show how a sustainable approach can be applied throughout Europe. The approach adopted is the one that has underpinned the development of the European Union Biodiversity strategy and is becoming a compelling force for change in Europe's decision-making processes. Land managers and planners, ecologists and agriculturalists will, in particular, find this booklet an invaluable resource. However, it will also appeal to those with a more general interest in the issues of land management.

The Seeds of Change

The Seeds of Change Book
Author : Nurcan Atalan-Helicke
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: This dissertation interrogates connections between agricultural restructuring, development of rural livelihoods and conservation of agricultural biodiversity (agrobiodiversity) in Turkey, a center of origin and diversity for wheat domestication. Often, crisis narratives accompany these connections, reflected as simplified assumptions about transformations of nature, livelihoods and the state under neoliberalism. Through a multiscalar analysis that attends to state-international relations, ways the state articulates development and conservation policies and ways farmers engage with these policies, this dissertation argues that the crisis narrative is used to justify dominant solutions for conservation of agrobiodiversity and development of livelihoods. By engaging with different aspects of transformation under neoliberalism, in particular Turkey's 2006 Seed Law, the World Bank funded Agricultural Reform Implementation Program, and changes due to European Union accession, the dissertation treats current transformations as a snapshot of complex change for the role of the state, farmers' livelihoods and conservation of agrobiodiversity. The dissertation shows how neoliberal development and conservation practices have come to dominate (and yet appear beyond the reach of) global economic, political and environmental policy circles, and demonstrates the effects of such practices on access to agrobiodiversity and livelihood strategies. The dissertation is based on empirical research and archival work conducted in Turkey over eight months between 2007 and 2010. Methods included (1) semi-structured interviews with state officials and representatives of international, farmer and non-governmental organizations in Ankara and (2) ethnographic research and participant observation in the villages of two provinces in northwest and central Turkey, Kastamonu and Sivas, where traditional wheat varieties are grown. I link the empirical findings to broader analysis that connects North and South by drawing on postcolonial theory, development geography and political ecology to make two broad arguments. (1) Instead of a moment of crisis that can be solved through neoliberalism, current development practices in Turkey reflect both power struggles within the state and the historical continuity of earlier state projects of modernization and Europeanization. (2) The effects of markets on conservation of agrobiodiversity and livelihoods were diverse and contingent on internal dynamics of perceptions and articulations of farmers with external dynamics of interventions at local or national scale. As a result, neoliberal conservation cannot fulfill its double promise of serving livelihoods and conservation of nature. By challenging the crisis narrative, these findings contribute to our understanding of sustainability of development and conservation more broadly, particular with regard to food security, farming communities, and crop improvement in developing country contexts. First, these findings show that neoliberalism translates into local contexts through a process of articulation, reworking and negotiating of economic and conservation policies, reminding us of the friction caused by physical nature in neoliberalization. Second, these findings challenge the neoliberal premise that markets always can provide development and conservation better than the state or international organizations. Third, the dissertation deepens the discussions on neoliberal subject formations by discussing the limited role of farmers in neoliberal conservation practices in relation to the state's contradictory goals of encouraging agrobiodiversity use by farmers and maintaining sovereignty over plant resources.

Ecoagriculture

Ecoagriculture Book
Author : Future Harvest,Jeffrey A. McNeely,Sara J. Scherr
Publisher : Island Press
Release : 2012-09-26
ISBN : 9781610910620
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although food-production systems for the world's rural poor typically have had devastating effects on the planet's wealth of genes, species, and ecosystems, that need not be the case in the future. In Ecoagriculture, two of the world's leading experts on conservation and development examine the idea that agricultural landscapes can be designed more creatively to take the needs of human populations into account while also protecting, or even enhancing, biodiversity. They present a thorough overview of the innovative concept of "ecoagriculture" - the management of landscapes for both the production of food and the conservation of wild biodiversity. The book:examines the global impact of agriculture on wild biodiversitydescribes the challenge of reconciling biodiversity conservation and agricultural goalsoutlines and discusses the ecoagriculture approachpresents diverse case studies that illustrate key strategiesexplores how policies, markets, and institutions can be re-shaped to support ecoagricultureWhile focusing on tropical regions of the developing world -- where increased agricultural productivity is most vital for food security, poverty reduction, and sustainable development, and where so much of the world's wild biodiversity is threatened -- it also draws on lessons learned in developed countries. Dozens of examples from around the world present proven strategies for small-scale, low-income farmers involved in commercial production.Ecoagriculture explores new approaches to agricultural production that complement natural environments, enhance ecosystem function, and improve rural livelihoods. It features a wealth of real-world case studies that demonstrate the applicability of the ideas discussed and how the principles can be applied, and is an important new work for policymakers, students, researchers, and anyone concerned with conserving biodiversity while sustaining human populations.

Biodiversity Conservation in Latin America and the Caribbean

Biodiversity Conservation in Latin America and the Caribbean Book
Author : Allen Blackman,Rebecca Epanchin-Niell,Juha Siikamäki,Daniel Velez-Lopez
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-05-23
ISBN : 1317906853
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region is exceptionally biodiverse. It contains about half of the world’s remaining tropical forests, nearly one-fifth of its coastal habitats, and some of its most productive agricultural and marine areas. But agriculture, fishing and other human activities linked to rapid population and economic growth increasingly threaten that biodiversity. Moreover, poverty, weak regulatory capacity, and limited political will hamper conservation. Given this dilemma, it is critically important to design conservation strategies on the basis of the best available information about both biodiversity and the track records of the various policies that have been used to protect it. This rigorously researched book has three key aims. It describes the status of biodiversity in LAC, the main threats to this biodiversity, and the drivers of these threats. It identifies the main policies being used to conserve biodiversity and assesses their effectiveness and potential for further implementation. It proposes five specific lines of practical action for conserving LAC biodiversity, based on: green agriculture; strengthening terrestrial protected areas and co-management; improving environmental governance; strengthening coastal and marine resource management; and improving biodiversity data and policy evaluation.

Analysis of existing national policies and legislation that enable or inhibit the wider use of underutilized plant species for food and agriculture in Jordan

Analysis of existing national policies and legislation that enable or inhibit the wider use of underutilized plant species for food and agriculture in Jordan Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Crops for the Future
Release : 2021-06-13
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Analysis of existing national policies and legislation that enable or inhibit the wider use of underutilized plant species for food and agriculture in Jordan book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biodiversity Conservation

Biodiversity Conservation Book
Author : C. A. Perrings
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401110069
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is one of a number of publications to carry the results of the first research programme of the Royal Swedish Academy of Science's Beijer Institute. The Institute was formed in 1991 in order to promote interdisciplinary research between natural and social scientists on the interdependency between economic and ecological systems. In its first research programme, the Biodiversity Programme, the Institute brought together a number of leading economists and ecologists to address the theoretical and policy issues associated with the current high rates of biodiversity loss in such systems - whether the result of direct depletion, the destruction of habitat, or specialisation in agriculture, forestry and fisheries. l This volume reports some of the more policy-oriented work carried out under the programme. The broad aim of the programme is to further our understanding of the causes and consequences of biodiversity loss, and to identify the options for addressing the problem. The results have turned out to be surprising to those who see biodiversity loss primarily in terms of the erosion of the genetic library. In various ways the work carried out under the programme has already begun to alter our perception of where the problem in biodiversity loss lies and what policy options are available to deal with it. Indeed, the programme has provided a powerful set of arguments for reappraising not just the economic and ecological implications of biodiversity loss, but the whole case for development based on specialisation of resource use.

Agri environmental Policies in a Transition Economy

Agri environmental Policies in a Transition Economy Book
Author : Ekin Birol,Agnes Gyovai,Melinda Smale
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Agri environmental Policies in a Transition Economy book written by Ekin Birol,Agnes Gyovai,Melinda Smale, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nature s Matrix

Nature s Matrix Book
Author : Ivette Perfecto,John Vandermeer,Angus Wright
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-05-31
ISBN : 0429650280
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

When first published in 2009, Nature’s Matrix set out a radical new approach to the conservation of biodiversity. This new edition pushes the frontier of the biodiversity/agriculture debate further, making an even stronger case for the need to transform agriculture and support small- and medium-scale agroecology and food sovereignty. In the first edition, the authors set out a radical new approach to the conservation of biodiversity. This is based on the concept of a landscape as a matrix of diverse, small-scale agricultural ecosystems, providing opportunities to enhance conservation under the stewardship of local farmers. This contrasts with the alternative view of industrial-scale farms and large protected areas which exclude local people. However, since then the debate around conservation and agriculture has developed significantly and this is reflected in this updated second edition. The text is thoroughly revised, including: a reorganization of chapters with new and timely topics introduced, updates to the discussion of agroecology and food sovereignty, bringing it in line with the current debates, greater coverage of the role of agroecology, in particular agroforestry, as an important component of climate change adaptation and mitigation, highlighting recent studies on the role of intensive agriculture in climate change and loss of biodiversity, and more attention given to the discussion of land sparing versus land sharing. By integrating the ecological aspects of agriculture and conservation biology, with a political and social analysis as well as historical perspective, the book continues to set a progressive agenda and appeals to a wide range of students and professionals.

The Role of the Environment in Poverty Alleviation

The Role of the Environment in Poverty Alleviation Book
Author : Paolo Galizzi,Alena Herklotz
Publisher : People and the Environment
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book draws on contributions to the People and the Environment lecture series at Fordham University, organized in partnership with the United Nations Development Program Equator Initiative and The Nature Conservancy. The essays offer a wealth of fresh perspectives and strategies to promote both environmental conservation and poverty eradication. Reflecting a range of disciplines, issues, and settings, they cover four interrelated topics: the link between poverty reduction and the environment and encouraging integration of environmental management and development; environmental disasters, their impact on poor people andways to prevent and mitigate their consequences; conservation knowledge and the role of information and education in sustainable development; and legal empowerment of the poor.